AGW Observer

Observations of anthropogenic global warming

New research – March 2014

Posted by Ari Jokimäki on April 7, 2014

Some selected papers as included in my New research stream in Twitter and in Facebook during March 2014. There are 162 papers, which makes it about 5.2 papers per day.

CLIMATE SCIENCE

Climate trends in the Arctic as observed from space http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/wcc.277/abstract

Intensified warming of the Arctic: Causes and impacts on middle latitudes http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921818114000575

Comparison of land skin temperature from a land model, remote sensing, and in-situ measurement http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JD021026/abstract

Trends in air temperature in the United Kingdom using gridded data series from 1910 to 2011 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/joc.3944/abstract

Changes in the frequency of extreme temperature records for Toronto, Ontario, Canada http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00704-014-1131-1

Global and regional variability in marine surface temperatures http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2014GL059345/abstract

Modeling sea surface temperatures of the North Atlantic Ocean http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00704-013-0930-0

Evidence for two abrupt warming events of SST in the last century http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00704-013-0935-8

Sea surface temperature and salinity seasonal changes in the western Solomon and Bismarck Seas http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JC009733/abstract

A statistical analysis of sea temperature data http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00704-014-1119-x

Lake surface temperatures in a changing climate http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-014-1087-2

Trends in the daily and extreme temperatures in the Qiantang River basin, China http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/joc.3962/abstract

Variability of temperature extremes in the Yellow River basin during 1961–2011 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1040618214000974

Trends in Extreme United States Temperatures http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00283.1

Influence of solar variability on the infrared radiative cooling of the thermosphere from 2002 to 2014 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2014GL059556/abstract

The relative importance of climate change and shrub encroachment on nocturnal warming in the southwestern United States http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/joc.3992/abstract

Urban surface temperature behaviour and heat island effect in a tropical planned city http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00704-014-1122-2

Urbanization effect on long-term trends of extreme temperatures at Shijiazhuang, North China http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00704-014-1127-x

Trajectory sensitivity of the transient climate response to cumulative carbon emissions http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL059141/abstract

Implications of potentially lower climate sensitivity on climate projections and policy (open access) http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/9/3/031003

Historical and future learning about climate Sensitivity http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2014GL059484/abstract

Observational estimate of climate sensitivity from changes in the rate of ocean heat uptake http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00382-013-1770-4

Solar Absorption over Europe from collocated surface and satellite observations http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JD021421/abstract

Aerosol effects on convective clouds in Nordic background air (open access) http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/14/2203/2014/acp-14-2203-2014.html

An AeroCom assessment of black carbon in Arctic snow and sea ice (open access) http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/14/2399/2014/acp-14-2399-2014.html

Response of surface air temperature to small-scale land clearing across latitudes (open access) http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/9/3/034002

Where does the optically detectable aerosol in the European Arctic come from? (open access) http://www.tellusb.net/index.php/tellusb/article/view/21450

Interannual Variability of The Earth’s Spectral Solar Reflectance From Measurements And Simulations http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JD021056/abstract

Forcings and feedbacks in the GeoMIP ensemble for a reduction in solar irradiance and increase in CO2 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JD021110/abstract

Influence of cloud phase composition on climate feedbacks http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JD020582/abstract

Time-scale and state dependence of the carbon-cycle feedback to climate http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00382-014-2102-z

The viscosity effect on marine particle flux – a climate relevant negative feedback mechanism http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GB004728/abstract

The European climate under a 2 °C global warming (open access) http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/9/3/034006

Internal variability of Earth’s energy budget simulated by CMIP5 climate models (open access) http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/9/3/034016

Stable isotopic compositions of precipitation in China (open access) http://www.tellusb.net/index.php/tellusb/article/view/22567

How Will Orographic Precipitation Respond to Surface Warming? http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL059095/abstract

Precipitation response to La Niña and global warming in the Indo-Pacific http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00382-014-2105-9

Observed magnified runoff response to rainfall intensification under global warming (open access) http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/9/3/034008

The impacts of climate change on river flood risk at the global scale (open access) http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-014-1084-5

Projections of climate change impacts on floods and droughts in Germany http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10113-014-0606-z

Iberian extreme precipitation 1855/1856: an analysis from early instrumental observations and documentary sources http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/joc.3973/abstract

Global warming and 21st century drying http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00382-014-2075-y

Robust spring drying in the Southwestern US and seasonal migration of wet/dry patterns in a warmer climate http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2014GL059562/abstract

Attribution of extreme weather to anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2014GL059234/abstract

At what time of day do daily extreme near-surface wind speeds occur? http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00286.1

Daily tornado frequency distributions in the United States (open access) http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/9/2/024018

Storminess over the North Atlantic and Northwestern Europe http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/qj.2364/abstract

Sharp rise in hurricane and cyclone count during the last century http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00704-014-1136-9

A Reanalysis of the 1931 to 1943 Atlantic Hurricane Database http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00503.1

Toward a record of Central Pacific El Niño events since 1880 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00704-014-1114-2

A Southern Hemisphere Booster of Super El Niño http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2014GL059370/abstract

ENSO Asymmetry in CMIP5 Models http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00454.1

The influence of different El Niño types on global average temperature http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2014GL059520/abstract

On Forced Temperature Changes, Internal Variability and the AMO http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2014GL059233/abstract

The MJO and global warming: a study in CCSM4 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00382-013-1846-1

Eastward shift of Walker Circulation in response to global warming and its relationship to ENSO http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00382-014-2091-y

Further observational evidence of Hadley cell widening in the Southern Hemisphere http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2014GL059426/abstract

Can sparse proxy data constrain the strength of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation? (open access) http://www.geosci-model-dev.net/7/419/2014/gmd-7-419-2014.html

The Atlantic Overturning Circulation: More evidence of variability and links to climate (open access) http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00234.1

Wind-forced interannual variability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 26.5°N http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JC009407/abstract

Impact of land–sea thermal contrast on interdecadal variation in circulation and blocking (open access) http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00382-014-2103-y

HFC-43-10mee atmospheric abundances and global emission estimates http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL059143/abstract

Newly detected ozone-depleting substances in the atmosphere http://www.nature.com/ngeo/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/ngeo2109.html

Uncertainty analysis of projections of ozone-depleting substances (open access) http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/14/2757/2014/acp-14-2757-2014.html

Influence of anthropogenic aerosols and the Pacific Decadal Oscillation on tropical belt width http://www.nature.com/ngeo/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/ngeo2091.html

Observed Changes in False Springs over the Contiguous United States http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2014GL059266/abstract

On the counter-radiation of the atmosphere (open access, Ångström, 1916, now available in English) http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/schweiz/mz/2013/00000022/00000006/art00012

Atmospheric thermal radiation – from historical measurements to investigations of the Earth’s greenhouse effect http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/schweiz/mz/2013/00000022/00000006/art00013

Theoretical Aspects of Variability and Predictability in Weather and Climate Systems (open access) http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/BAMS-D-14-00009.1

High predictability of the winter Euro–Atlantic climate from cryospheric variability http://www.nature.com/ngeo/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/ngeo2118.html

Climate variability and vulnerability to climate change: a review http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12581/abstract

Estimation of the mean depth of boreal lakes for use in numerical weather prediction and climate modelling (open access) http://www.tellusa.net/index.php/tellusa/article/view/21295

CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS

Weighing the importance of surface forcing on sea ice—A September 2007 modeling study http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/qj.2353/abstract

Glacier retreat and lakes in Cordillera Vilcanota, northern central Andes, Peru (open access) http://www.the-cryosphere.net/8/359/2014/tc-8-359-2014.html

Sea ice mass balance observations from the North Pole Environmental Observatory http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2014GL059356/abstract

Significant groundwater contribution to Antarctic ice streams hydrologic budget http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2014GL059250/abstract

Reconstructing lake ice cover in subarctic lakes using a diatom-based inference model http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2014GL059474/abstract

Poleward ocean heat transports, sea ice processes and Arctic sea ice variability http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JC009435/abstract

Progressive increase in number and volume of ice-marginal lakes on the western margin of the Greenland Ice Sheet http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S092181811400054X

Use of scenarios and strategic planning to explore an uncertain future in Greenland http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10113-014-0593-0

Variability and Trends in Anticyclonic Circulation over the Greenland Ice Sheet, 1948-2013 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2014GL059255/abstract

Ensemble of sea ice initial conditions for interannual climate predictions http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00382-014-2095-7

Decadal trends in the Antarctic sea ice extent ultimately controlled by ice–ocean feedback (open access) http://www.the-cryosphere.net/8/453/2014/tc-8-453-2014.html

Recent Antarctic sea ice trends in the context of Southern Ocean surface climate variations since 1950 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2014GL059239/abstract

Disappearing semi-permanent snow in the High Arctic and its consequences http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/igsoc/jog/2014/00000060/00000219/art00018

Recent retreat of major outlet glaciers on Novaya Zemlya, Russian Arctic, influenced by fjord geometry and sea-ice conditions http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/igsoc/jog/2014/00000060/00000219/art00015

Modelling of Kealey Ice Rise, Antarctica, reveals stable ice-flow conditions in East Ellsworth Land over millennia http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/igsoc/jog/2014/00000060/00000219/art00013

Geometric and oceanographic controls on melting beneath Pine Island Glacier http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JC009513/abstract

Effects of sea surface warming on marine plankton http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ele.12265/abstract

Elevated carbon dioxide and ozone alter productivity and ecosystem carbon content in northern temperate forests http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12564/abstract

Biomass changes and trophic amplification of plankton in a warmer ocean http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12562/abstract

A few extreme events dominate global interannual variability in gross primary production (open access) http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/9/3/035001

Predicted responses of arctic and alpine ecosystems to altered seasonality under climate change http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12568/abstract

Dieback of the boreal forest induced by heat and drought stress may proceed more rapidly than anticipated http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2014GL059450/abstract

Thermally tolerant corals have limited capacity to acclimatize to future warming http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12571/abstract

Illuminating geographical patterns in species’ range shifts http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12570/abstract

Effect of climate change on soil organic carbon in Inner Mongolia http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/joc.3979/abstract

Interannual variations and trends in global land surface phenology http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00484-014-0802-z

The effects of coral bleaching on settlement preferences and growth of juvenile butterflyfishes http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0141113614000452

Climate-driven spatial mismatches between British orchards and their pollinators: increased risks of pollination deficits http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12577/abstract

The relative importance of climate and vegetation properties on patterns of North American breeding bird species richness (open access) http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/9/3/034013

Changes in first flowering dates and flowering duration of 232 plant species on the island of Guernsey http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12579/abstract

Impact of sea-Level rise on coastal wetlands http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs13280-014-0500-4

Widespread rapid reductions in body size of adult salamanders in response to climate change (open access) http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12550/abstract

Contemporary evolution of an invasive grass in response to elevated atmospheric CO2 at a Mojave Desert FACE site (open access) http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ele.12274/abstract

Response of benthic foraminifera to ocean acidification in their natural sediment environment: a long-term culturing experiment (open access) http://www.biogeosciences.net/11/1581/2014/bg-11-1581-2014.html

Climate change may have little effect on global risk of potato late blight http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12587/abstract

The Arctic freshwater cycle during a naturally and an anthropogenically induced warm climate http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00382-013-1849-y

Calcium carbonate dissolution in the upper 1000 m of the eastern North Atlantic http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GB004619/abstract

Projecting twenty-first century regional sea-level changes http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-014-1080-9

Quantifying anthropogenic and natural contributions to thermosteric sea level rise http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2014GL059766/abstract

Managing shoreline retreat: a US perspective http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-014-1106-3

The impact of heat waves on children’s health: a systematic review http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00484-013-0655-x

Loss of cultural world heritage and currently inhabited places to sea-level rise (open access) http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/9/3/034001

Effect of Asian dust storms on mortality in three Asian cities http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1352231014001447

Synoptic warming trends across the US Midwest and implications to human health http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/joc.3964/abstract

Water, Drought, Climate Change, and Conflict in Syria http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/WCAS-D-13-00059.1

Ozone weekend effects in the Beijing–Tianjin–Hebei metropolitan area, China (open access) http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/14/2419/2014/acp-14-2419-2014.html

Effect of climate change on corrosion rates of structures in Australia http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-014-1099-y

Probabilistic spatial risk assessment of heat impacts and adaptations for London http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-014-1105-4

Global crop yield response to extreme heat stress under multiple climate change futures (open access) http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/9/3/034011

Climate change in Switzerland: a review of physical, institutional, and political aspects http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/wcc.280/abstract

Two methods to assess vulnerability to climate change in the Mexican agricultural sector http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11027-012-9442-y

CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION AND ADAPTATION

Organic carbon stocks and sequestration rates of forest soils in Germany http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12558/abstract

Do grasslands act as a perpetual sink for carbon? http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12561/abstract

Temperature and peat type control CO2 and CH4 production in Alaskan permafrost peats http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12572/abstract

North American terrestrial CO2 uptake largely offset by CH4 and N2O emissions (open access) http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-014-1072-9

Increasing carbon inventory of the intermediate layers of the Arctic Ocean http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JC009514/abstract

How deep is deep enough? Ocean iron fertilization and carbon sequestration in the Southern Ocean http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL058799/abstract

Implications for C mitigation policy under the threats of a substantial permafrost methane release http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11027-012-9444-9

Global annual methane emission rate derived from its current atmospheric mixing ratio and estimated lifetime (open access) http://www.ann-geophys.net/32/277/2014/angeo-32-277-2014.html

Peak energy consumption and CO2 emissions in China http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S030142151400024X

Reducing greenhouse gas emissions through strategic management of highway pavement roughness (open access) http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/9/3/034007

Explosive growth in African combustion emissions from 2005 to 2030 (open access) http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/9/3/035003

Slower ozone production in Houston, Texas following emission reductions (open access) http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/14/2777/2014/acp-14-2777-2014.html

The importance of reduced meat and dairy consumption for meeting stringent climate change targets (open access) http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-014-1104-5

Roles of transport and chemistry processes in global ozone change on interannual and multi-decadal time scales http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JD020838/abstract

Post-Fukushima Japan: The continuing nuclear controversy http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421514000196

The energy and CO2 emissions impact of renewable energy development in China http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421513012792

Effects of offshore wind farms on marine wildlife—a generalized impact assessment (open access) http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/9/3/034012

Sustainability of forest bioenergy in Europe: land-use-related carbon dioxide emissions of forest harvest residues http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcbb.12179/abstract

Energy market impacts of nuclear power phase-out policies http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11027-014-9558-3

The climatic effects of modifying cirrus clouds in a climate engineering framework http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JD021063/abstract

Do individuals care about fairness in burden sharing for climate change mitigation? http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-014-1091-6

Is there a place for culture in life cycle sustainability assessment? http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11367-014-0722-5

Public microblogging on climate change: One year of Twitter worldwide http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959378014000375

Climate change mitigation policies and poverty http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/wcc.281/abstract

Funding public adaptation to climate-related disasters. Estimates for a global fund http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959378014000259

Coral reef sustainability through adaptation: glimmer of hope or persistent mirage? http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877343514000062

Biochar as a global change adaptation: predicting biochar impacts on crop productivity and soil quality http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11027-014-9554-7

What drives national adaptation? A global assessment (open access) http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-014-1078-3

PALAEOCLIMATE

Weakening of the East Asian Summer Monsoon at 1000-1100 AD within the Medieval Climate Anomaly http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JD021199/abstract

Solar forcing of North Atlantic surface temperature and salinity over the past millennium http://www.nature.com/ngeo/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/ngeo2094.html

Direct evidence of central European forest refugia during the last glacial period http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0033589414000180

Positive vegetation–climate feedback during early Eocene (open access) http://www.clim-past.net/10/419/2014/cp-10-419-2014.html

Selective extinction of Triassic marine reptiles during long-term sea-level changes illuminated by seawater strontium isotopes http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0031018212004336

Climate change at the end of the Old Kingdom in Egypt around 4200 BP http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1040618213004345

Signals of Medieval Warm Period and Little Ice Age from southwestern Madhya Pradesh (India) http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1040618213003947

An assessment of growth ring identification in subtropical forests from northwestern Argentina http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1125786514000046

Linking two centuries of tree growth and glacier dynamics with climate changes in Kamchatka http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-014-1093-4

Different growth sensitivity to climate of the conifer Juniperus thurifera on both sides of the Mediterranean Sea http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00484-014-0811-y

OTHERS

Use of coal in the Bronze Age in China http://hol.sagepub.com/content/early/2014/03/03/0959683614523155.abstract

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Papers on GHG emissions from bioenergy related land-use

Posted by Ari Jokimäki on March 10, 2014

This is a list of papers on GHG emissions from bioenergy related land-use. The list is not complete, and will most likely be updated in future in order to make it more thorough and more representative.

Damaged forests provide an opportunity to mitigate climate change – Lamers et al. (2014) “British Columbia (BC) forests are estimated to have become a net carbon source in recent years due to tree death and decay caused primarily by mountain pine beetle (MPB) and related post-harvest slash burning practices. BC forest biomass has also become a major source of wood pellets, exported primarily for bioenergy to Europe, although the sustainability and net carbon emissions of forest bioenergy in general are the subject of current debate. We simulated the temporal carbon balance of BC wood pellets against different reference scenarios for forests affected by MPB in the interior BC timber harvesting area using the Carbon Budget Model of the Canadian Forest Sector (CBM-CFS3). We evaluated the carbon dynamics for different insect-mortality levels, at the stand- and landscape level, taking into account carbon storage in the ecosystem, wood products and fossil fuel displacement. Our results indicate that current harvesting practices, in which slash is burnt and only sawdust used for pellet production, require between 20–25 years for beetle-impacted pine and 37–39 years for spruce-dominated systems to reach pre-harvest carbon levels (i.e. break-even) at the stand-level. Using pellets made from logging slash to replace coal creates immediate net carbon benefits to the atmosphere of 17–21 tonnes C ha−1, shortening these break-even times by 9–20 years and resulting in an instant carbon break-even level on stands most severely impacted by the beetle. Harvesting pine dominated sites for timber while using slash for bioenergy was also found to be more carbon beneficial than a protection reference scenario on both stand- and landscape level. However, harvesting stands exclusively for bioenergy resulted in a net carbon source unless the system contained a high proportion of dead trees (>85%). Systems with higher proportions of living trees provide a greater climate change mitigation if used for long lived wood products.” Lamers, P., Junginger, M., Dymond, C. C. and Faaij, A. (2014), Damaged forests provide an opportunity to mitigate climate change. GCB Bioenergy, 6: 44–60. doi: 10.1111/gcbb.12055. [Full text]

Sequester or substitute—Consequences of increased production of wood based energy on the carbon balance in Finland – Kallio et al. (2013) “Forests play an important role in mitigating climate change. Forests can sequester carbon from the atmosphere and provide biomass, which can be used to substitute for fossil fuels or energy-intensive materials. International climate policies favor the use of wood to substitute for fossil fuels rather than using forests as carbon sink. We examine the trade off between sequestering carbon in forests and substituting wood for fossil fuels in Finland. For Finland to meet its EU targets for the use of renewable energy by 2020, a considerable increase in the use of wood for energy is necessary. We compare scenarios in which the wood energy targets are fully or partially met to a reference case where policies favoring wood based energy production are removed. Three models are used to project fossil fuel substitution and changes in forest carbon sinks in the scenarios through 2035. Finnish forests are a growing carbon sink in all scenarios. However, net greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions will be higher in the medium term if Finland achieves its current wood energy targets than if the use of energy wood stagnates or decreases. The volume of GHG emissions avoided by replacing coal, peat and fossil diesel with wood is outweighed by the loss in carbon sequestered in forests due to increased biomass removals. Therefore, the current wood energy targets seem excessive and harmful to the climate. In particular, biodiesel production has a significant, negative impact on net emissions in the period considered. However, we did not consider risks such as forest fires, wind damage and diseases, which might weaken the sequestration policy. The potential albedo impacts of harvesting the forests were not considered either.” A.M.I. Kallio, O. Salminen, R. Sievänen, Journal of Forest Economics, Volume 19, Issue 4, December 2013, Pages 402–415, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfe.2013.05.001.

Effects of stump extraction on the carbon sequestration in Norway spruce forest ecosystems under varying thinning regimes with implications for fossil fuel substitution – Alam et al. (2013) “The overall aim of this work was to assess the effects of stump and root extraction on the long-term carbon sequestration and average carbon storage in the integrated production of energy biomass and stemwood (pulpwood and sawlogs) under different thinning options (unthinned, current thinning and 30% increased thinning thresholds from current thresholds). The growth and development of Norway spruce (Picea abies L. Karst.) stands on a fertile site (Oxalis-myrtillus) in central Finland (Joensuu region: 62˚39΄N, 29˚37΄E) was simulated for two consecutive rotation periods (80 + 80 years/160 years). Stemwood and energy biomass production, carbon sequestration, and average storage and emission dynamics related to the entire production process of biomass were assessed. The assessment was done by employing a life cycle assessment tool, which combines simulation outputs from an ecosystem model and the related technosystem emissions. It was found that stump and root harvesting constituted 21–36% of the total biomass production (energy biomass and stemwood) depending on the thinning regimes and rotation period. No considerable effect was found in stemwood production when stump and root extraction was compared to the regime in which stumps and roots were left at the site. Stump and root extraction did not affect carbon sequestration on the following rotation and, in fact, an increase in forest growth was found for the unthinned and 30% increased thresholds compared to the first rotation. The results also showed that if current thinning threshold is increased, win-win situations are possible, especially when climate change mitigation is the main concern. The substitution of coal with energy biomass is possible without reducing carbon storage in the forest ecosystem. The utilization of energy biomass, including stumps and roots, instead of coal could reduce up to 33% of emissions over two rotation periods depending on the thinning regimes. Even if stumps and roots were excluded, a maximum of 19% carbon emissions could be reduced by using only logging residues.” Alam, A., Kellomäki, S., Kilpeläinen, A. and Strandman, H. (2013), Effects of stump extraction on the carbon sequestration in Norway spruce forest ecosystems under varying thinning regimes with implications for fossil fuel substitution. GCB Bioenergy, 5: 445–458. doi: 10.1111/gcbb.12010.

The ‘debt’ is in the detail: A synthesis of recent temporal forest carbon analyses on woody biomass for energy – Lamers & Junginger (2013) “The temporal imbalance between the release and sequestration of forest carbon has raised a fundamental concern about the climate mitigation potential of forest biomass for energy. The potential carbon debt caused by harvest and the resulting time spans needed to reach pre-harvest carbon levels (payback) or those of a reference case (parity) have become important parameters for climate and bioenergy policy developments. The present range of analyses however varies in assumptions, regional scopes, and conclusions. Comparing these modeling efforts, we reveal that they apply different principle modeling frameworks while results are largely affected by the same parameters. The size of the carbon debt is mostly determined by the type and amount of biomass harvested and whether land-use change emissions need to be accounted for. Payback times are mainly determined by plant growth rates, i.e. the forest biome, tree species, site productivity and management. Parity times are primarily influenced by the choice and construction of the reference scenario and fossil carbon displacement efficiencies. Using small residual biomass (harvesting/processing), deadwood from highly insect-infected sites, or new plantations on highly productive or marginal land offers (almost) immediate net carbon benefits. Their eventual climate mitigation potential however is determined by the effectiveness of the fossil fuel displacement. We deem it therefore unsuitable to define political guidance by feedstock alone. Current global wood pellet production is predominantly residue based. Production increases based on low-grade stemwood are expected in regions with a downturn in the local wood product sector, highlighting the importance of accounting for regional forest carbon trends.” Lamers, P. and Junginger, M. (2013), The ‘debt’ is in the detail: A synthesis of recent temporal forest carbon analyses on woody biomass for energy. Biofuels, Bioprod. Bioref., 7: 373–385. doi: 10.1002/bbb.1407.

Carbon dioxide emissions from wood fuels in Sweden 1980–2100 – Wibe (2012) “It is often assumed that wood fuels are carbon neutral. This is approximately true in the very long run since the emissions from burning wood fuels are compensated by the uptake from new trees. But it is not true in the short- and the medium term due to a number of factors. This problem is analyzed in detail in this paper, where the net carbon (dioxide) effect of using wood residues in Sweden 1980–2100 is calculated. Two important implications of the program for using wood fuels are considered: (i) the decrease of carbon stored in logging residues due to a faster transformation to carbon dioxide and (ii) delayed growth of new forest generations when logging residues are removed from the forest and used as fuel. The effects of both these factors are calculated (and projected) for the period 1980–2100. The main result is that wood fuels (in the form of wood residues) emits about 60% of the carbon dioxide that would have been emitted if the corresponding amount of energy would, have been produced by oil. One policy implication of this is that emissions from wood fuels should not, as is now the practice, be ignored and by definition equaled to zero, in national and international statistics of green house gas emissions.” Sören Wibe, Journal of Forest Economics, Volume 18, Issue 2, April 2012, Pages 123–130, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfe.2011.11.003.

Net atmospheric impacts of forest bioenergy production and utilization in Finnish boreal conditions – Kilpeläinen et al. (2012) “The net CO2 exchange of forests was investigated to study net atmospheric impact of forest bioenergy production (BP) and utilization in Finnish boreal conditions. Net CO2 exchange was simulated with a life cycle assessment tool over a 90-year period and over the whole Finland based on National Forest Inventory data. The difference in the net exchanges between the traditional timber production (TP) and BP regime was considered the net atmospheric impact of forest bioenergy utilization. According to the results, forests became net sources of CO2 after about 20 years of simulation, and the net exchange was higher in the BP regime than in the TP regime until the middle of the simulation period. From 2040 onwards, the net exchange started to decrease in both regimes and became higher in the TP regime, excluding the last decade of the simulation. The shift of forests to becoming a CO2 source reflected the decrease in CO2 sequestration due to the increasing share of recently harvested and seedling stands that are acting as sources of CO2, and an increase of emissions from degradation of wood products. When expressed in terms of radiative forcing, the net atmospheric impact was on average 19% less for bioenergy compared with that for coal energy over the whole simulation period. The results show the importance of time dependence when considering dynamic forest ecosystems in BP and climate change mitigation. Furthermore, the results emphasize the dualistic role and possibilities of forest management in controlling the build and release of carbon into and from the stocks and in controlling the rate of the build speed, i.e. growth. This information is needed in identifying the capability and possibilities of ecosystems to produce biomass for energy, alongside other products and ecosystem services (e.g. pulp wood and timber), and simultaneously to mitigate climate change.” Kilpeläinen, A., Kellomäki, S. and Strandman, H. (2012), Net atmospheric impacts of forest bioenergy production and utilization in Finnish boreal conditions. GCB Bioenergy, 4: 811–817. doi: 10.1111/j.1757-1707.2012.01161.x.

Is woody bioenergy carbon neutral? A comparative assessment of emissions from consumption of woody bioenergy and fossil fuel – Zanchi et al. (2012) “Under the current accounting systems, emissions produced when biomass is burnt for energy are accounted as zero, resulting in what is referred to as the ‘carbon neutrality’ assumption. However, if current harvest levels are increased to produce more bioenergy, carbon that would have been stored in the biosphere might be instead released in the atmosphere. This study utilizes a comparative approach that considers emissions under alternative energy supply options. This approach shows that the emission benefits of bioenergy compared to use of fossil fuel are time-dependent. It emerges that the assumption that bioenergy always results in zero greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions compared to use of fossil fuels can be misleading, particularly in the context of short-to-medium term goals. While it is clear that all sources of woody bioenergy from sustainably managed forests will produce emission reductions in the long term, different woody biomass sources have various impacts in the short-medium term. The study shows that the use of forest residues that are easily decomposable can produce GHG benefits compared to use of fossil fuels from the beginning of their use and that biomass from dedicated plantations established on marginal land can be carbon neutral from the beginning of its use. However, the risk of short-to-medium term negative impacts is high when additional fellings are extracted to produce bioenergy and the proportion of felled biomass used for bioenergy is low, or when land with high C stocks is converted to low productivity bioenergy plantations. The method used in the study provides an instrument to identify the time-dependent pattern of emission reductions for alternative bioenergy sources. In this way, decision makers can evaluate which bioenergy options are most beneficial for meeting short-term GHG emission reduction goals and which ones are more appropriate for medium to longer term objectives.” Zanchi, G., Pena, N. and Bird, N. (2012), Is woody bioenergy carbon neutral? A comparative assessment of emissions from consumption of woody bioenergy and fossil fuel. GCB Bioenergy, 4: 761–772. doi: 10.1111/j.1757-1707.2011.01149.x.

Harvesting in boreal forests and the biofuel carbon debt – Holtsmark (2012) “Owing to the extensive critique of food-crop-based biofuels, attention has turned toward second-generation wood-based biofuels. A question is therefore whether timber taken from the vast boreal forests on an increasing scale should serve as a source of wood-based biofuels and whether this will be effective climate policy. In a typical boreal forest, it takes 70–120 years before a stand of trees is mature. When this time lag and the dynamics of boreal forests more generally are taken into account, it follows that a high level of harvest means that the carbon stock in the forest stabilizes at a lower level. Therefore, wood harvesting is not a carbon-neutral activity. Through model simulations, it is estimated that an increased harvest of a boreal forest will create a biofuel carbon debt that takes 190–340 years to repay. The length of the payback time is sensitive to the type of fossil fuels that wood energy replaces.” Bjart Holtsmark, Climatic Change, May 2012, Volume 112, Issue 2, pp 415-428, DOI: 10.1007/s10584-011-0222-6. [Full text]

Land-use change to bioenergy production in Europe: implications for the greenhouse gas balance and soil carbon – Don et al. (2012) “Bioenergy from crops is expected to make a considerable contribution to climate change mitigation. However, bioenergy is not necessarily carbon neutral because emissions of CO2, N2O and CH4 during crop production may reduce or completely counterbalance CO2 savings of the substituted fossil fuels. These greenhouse gases (GHGs) need to be included into the carbon footprint calculation of different bioenergy crops under a range of soil conditions and management practices. This review compiles existing knowledge on agronomic and environmental constraints and GHG balances of the major European bioenergy crops, although it focuses on dedicated perennial crops such as Miscanthus and short rotation coppice species. Such second-generation crops account for only 3% of the current European bioenergy production, but field data suggest they emit 40% to >99% less N2O than conventional annual crops. This is a result of lower fertilizer requirements as well as a higher N-use efficiency, due to effective N-recycling. Perennial energy crops have the potential to sequester additional carbon in soil biomass if established on former cropland (0.44 Mg soil C ha−1 yr−1 for poplar and willow and 0.66 Mg soil C ha−1 yr−1 for Miscanthus). However, there was no positive or even negative effects on the C balance if energy crops are established on former grassland. Increased bioenergy production may also result in direct and indirect land-use changes with potential high C losses when native vegetation is converted to annual crops. Although dedicated perennial energy crops have a high potential to improve the GHG balance of bioenergy production, several agronomic and economic constraints still have to be overcome.” Don, A., Osborne, B., Hastings, A., Skiba, U., Carter, M. S., Drewer, J., Flessa, H., Freibauer, A., Hyvönen, N., Jones, M. B., Lanigan, G. J., Mander, Ü., Monti, A., Djomo, S. N., Valentine, J., Walter, K., Zegada-Lizarazu, W. and Zenone, T. (2012), Land-use change to bioenergy production in Europe: implications for the greenhouse gas balance and soil carbon. GCB Bioenergy, 4: 372–391. doi: 10.1111/j.1757-1707.2011.01116.x.

Global warming potential factors and warming payback time as climate indicators of forest biomass use – Pingoud et al. (2012) “A method is presented for estimating the global warming impact of forest biomass life cycles with respect to their functionally equivalent alternatives based on fossil fuels and non-renewable material sources. In the method, absolute global warming potentials (AGWP) of both the temporary carbon (C) debt of forest biomass stock and the C credit of the biomass use cycle displacing the fossil and non-renewable alternative are estimated as a function of the time frame of climate change mitigation. Dimensionless global warming potential (GWP) factors, GWPbio and GWPbiouse, are derived. As numerical examples, 1) bioenergy from boreal forest harvest residues to displace fossil fuels and 2) the use of wood for material substitution are considered. The GWP-based indicator leads to longer payback times, i.e. the time frame needed for the biomass option to be superior to its fossil-based alternative, than when just the cumulative balance of biogenic and fossil C stocks is considered. The warming payback time increases substantially with the residue diameter and low displacement factor (DF) of fossil C emissions. For the 35-cm stumps, the payback time appears to be more than 100 years in the climate conditions of Southern Finland when DF is lower than 0.5 in instant use and lower than 0.6 in continuous stump use. Wood use for construction appears to be more beneficial because, in addition to displaced emissions due to by-product bioenergy and material substitution, a significant part of round wood is sequestered into wood products for a long period, and even a zero payback time would be attainable with reasonable DFs.” Kim Pingoud, Tommi Ekholm, Ilkka Savolainen, Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, April 2012, Volume 17, Issue 4, pp 369-386, DOI: 10.1007/s11027-011-9331-9.

Forest Bioenergy or Forest Carbon? Assessing Trade-Offs in Greenhouse Gas Mitigation with Wood-Based Fuels – McKechnie et al. (2011) “The potential of forest-based bioenergy to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions when displacing fossil-based energy must be balanced with forest carbon implications related to biomass harvest. We integrate life cycle assessment (LCA) and forest carbon analysis to assess total GHG emissions of forest bioenergy over time. Application of the method to case studies of wood pellet and ethanol production from forest biomass reveals a substantial reduction in forest carbon due to bioenergy production. For all cases, harvest-related forest carbon reductions and associated GHG emissions initially exceed avoided fossil fuel-related emissions, temporarily increasing overall emissions. In the long term, electricity generation from pellets reduces overall emissions relative to coal, although forest carbon losses delay net GHG mitigation by 16−38 years, depending on biomass source (harvest residues/standing trees). Ethanol produced from standing trees increases overall emissions throughout 100 years of continuous production: ethanol from residues achieves reductions after a 74 year delay. Forest carbon more significantly affects bioenergy emissions when biomass is sourced from standing trees compared to residues and when less GHG-intensive fuels are displaced. In all cases, forest carbon dynamics are significant. Although study results are not generalizable to all forests, we suggest the integrated LCA/forest carbon approach be undertaken for bioenergy studies.” Jon McKechnie, Steve Colombo, Jiaxin Chen, Warren Mabee, and Heather L. MacLean, Environ. Sci. Technol., 2011, 45 (2), pp 789–795, DOI: 10.1021/es1024004. [Full text]

Paying for forest carbon or stimulating fuelwood demand? Insights from the French Forest Sector Model – Lecocq et al. (2011) “As European countries move towards steeper cuts in greenhouse gases emissions, questions are mounting, in the forest sector, about the best balance between policies that favor carbon sequestration in biomass, and policies that favor fossil-fuel substitution, with potentially conflicting implications for forest management. We provide insights on this debate by comparing the environmental and economic implications for the French forest sector of a “stock” policy (payment for sequestration in situ), a “substitution” policy (subsidy to fuelwood consumption), and a combination thereof – all calibrated on the same price of carbon. To do so, we use the French Forest Sector Model (FFSM), which combines a dynamic model of French timber resource and a dynamic partial-equilibrium model of the French forest sector. Simulations over the 2010–2020 period show that the stock policy is the only one that performs better than business-as-usual in terms of carbon. In the substitution policy, cumulative substitution benefits are not sufficient to offset carbon losses in standing forests over this biologically short, but politically relevant period of time. And the combination policy does not perform better. However, the stock policy has negative impacts on consumers welfare, its costs are increasing over time as carbon is accumulated, and it raises political economy questions about the negotiability of the reference against which excess carbon is measured.” Franck Lecocq, Sylvain Caurla, Philippe Delacote, Ahmed Barkaouia, Alexandre Sauquet, Journal of Forest Economics, Volume 17, Issue 2, April 2011, Pages 157–168, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfe.2011.02.011.

Agricultural crop-based biofuels – resource efficiency and environmental performance including direct land use changes – Börjesson & Tufvesson (2011) “This paper analyses biofuels from agricultural crops in northern Europe regarding area and energy efficiency, greenhouse gases and eutrophication. The overall findings are that direct land use changes have a significant impact on GHG balances and eutrophication for all biofuels, the choice of calculation methods when by-products are included affecting the performance of food crop-based biofuels considerably, and the technical design of production systems may in specific cases be of major importance. The presented results are essential knowledge for the development of certification systems. Indirect land use changes are recognised but not included due to current scientific and methodological deficiencies.” Pål Börjesson, Linda M. Tufvesson, Journal of Cleaner Production, Volume 19, Issues 2–3, January–February 2011, Pages 108–120, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2010.01.001.

Indirect carbon dioxide emissions from producing bioenergy from forest harvest residues – Repo et al. (2011) “Forest harvest residues are important raw materials for bioenergy in regions practicing forestry. Removing these residues from a harvest site reduces the carbon stock of the forest compared with conventional stem-only harvest because less litter in left on the site. The indirect carbon dioxide (CO2) emission from producing bioenergy occur when carbon in the logging residues is emitted into the atmosphere at once through combustion, instead of being released little by little as a result of decomposition at the harvest sites. In this study (1) we introduce an approach to calculate this indirect emission from using logging residues for bioenergy production, and (2) estimate this emission at a typical target of harvest residue removal, i.e. boreal Norway spruce forest in Finland. The removal of stumps caused a larger indirect emission per unit of energy produced than the removal of branches because of a lower decomposition rate of the stumps. The indirect emission per unit of energy produced decreased with time since starting to collect the harvest residues as a result of decomposition at older harvest sites. During the 100 years of conducting this practice, the indirect emission from average-sized branches (diameter 2 cm) decreased from 340 to 70 kg CO2 eq. MWh−1 and that from stumps (diameter 26 cm) from 340 to 160 kg CO2 eq. MWh−1. These emissions are an order of magnitude larger than the other emissions (collecting, transporting, etc.) from the bioenergy production chain. When the bioenergy production was started, the total emissions were comparable to fossil fuels. The practice had to be carried out for 22 (stumps) or four (branches) years until the total emissions dropped below the emissions of natural gas. Our results emphasize the importance of accounting for land-use-related indirect emissions to correctly estimate the efficiency of bioenergy in reducing CO2 emission into the atmosphere.” Repo, A., Tuomi, M. and Liski, J. (2011), Indirect carbon dioxide emissions from producing bioenergy from forest harvest residues. GCB Bioenergy, 3: 107–115. doi: 10.1111/j.1757-1707.2010.01065.x.

From the global efforts on certification of bioenergy towards an integrated approach based on sustainable land use planning – van Dam et al. (2010) “This paper presents an overview of 67 ongoing certification initiatives to safeguard the sustainability of bioenergy. Most recent initiatives are focused on the sustainability of liquid biofuels. Content-wise, most of these initiatives have mainly included environmental principles. Despite serious concerns in various parts of the world on the socio-economic impacts of bioenergy production, these are generally not included in existing bioenergy initiatives. At the same time, the overview shows a strong proliferation of standards. The overview shows that certification has the potential to influence direct, local impacts related to environmental and social effects of direct bioenergy production. Key recommendations to come to an efficient certification system include the need for further harmonization, availability of reliable data and linking indicators on a micro, meso and macro levels. Considering the multiple spatial scales, certification should be combined with additional measurements and tools on a regional, national and international level. The role of bioenergy production on indirect land use change (ILUC) is still very uncertain and current initiatives have rarely captured impacts from ILUC in their standards. Addressing unwanted LUC requires first of all sustainable land use production and good governance, regardless of the end-use of the product. It is therefore recommended to extend measures to mitigate impacts from LUC to other lands and feedstock.” J. van Dam, M. Junginger, A.P.C. Faaij, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Volume 14, Issue 9, December 2010, Pages 2445–2472, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2010.07.010.

Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Biofuels’ Indirect Land Use Change Are Uncertain but May Be Much Greater than Previously Estimated – Plevin et al. (2010) “The life cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions induced by increased biofuel consumption are highly uncertain: individual estimates vary from each other and each has a wide intrinsic error band. Using a reduced-form model, we estimated that the bounding range for emissions from indirect land-use change (ILUC) from US corn ethanol expansion was 10 to 340 g CO2 MJ−1. Considering various probability distributions to model parameters, the broadest 95% central interval, i.e., between the 2.5 and 97.5%ile values, ranged from 21 to 142 g CO2e MJ−1. ILUC emissions from US corn ethanol expansion thus range from small, but not negligible, to several times greater than the life cycle emissions of gasoline. The ILUC emissions estimates of 30 g CO2 MJ−1 for the California Air Resources Board and 34 g CO2e MJ−1 by USEPA (for 2022) are at the low end of the plausible range. The lack of data and understanding (epistemic uncertainty) prevents convergence of judgment on a central value for ILUC emissions. The complexity of the global system being modeled suggests that this range is unlikely to narrow substantially in the near future. Fuel policies that require narrow bounds around point estimates of life cycle GHG emissions are thus incompatible with current and anticipated modeling capabilities. Alternative policies that address the risks associated with uncertainty are more likely to achieve GHG reductions.” Richard J. Plevin, Michael O’Hare, Andrew D. Jones, Margaret S. Torn, and Holly K. Gibbs, Environ. Sci. Technol., 2010, 44 (21), pp 8015–8021, DOI: 10.1021/es101946t. [Full text]

Effects of US Maize Ethanol on Global Land Use and Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Estimating Market-Mediated Responses – Hertel et al. (2010) “Releases of greenhouse gases (GHG) from indirect land-use change triggered by crop-based biofuels have taken center stage in the debate over the role of biofuels in climate policy and energy security. This article analyzes these releases for maize ethanol produced in the United States. Factoring market-mediated responses and by-product use into our analysis reduces cropland conversion by 72% from the land used for the ethanol feedstock. Consequently, the associated GHG release estimated in our framework is 800 grams of carbon dioxide per megajoule (MJ); 27 grams per MJ per year, over 30 years of ethanol production, or roughly a quarter of the only other published estimate of releases attributable to changes in indirect land use. Nonetheless, 800 grams are enough to cancel out the benefits that corn ethanol has on global warming, thereby limiting its potential contribution in the context of California’s Low Carbon Fuel Standard.” Thomas W. Hertel , Alla A. Golub , Andrew D. Jones , Michael O’Hare , Richard J. Plevin and Daniel M. Kammen, BioScience 60(3):223-231. 2010, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1525/bio.2010.60.3.8. [Full text]

Direct and indirect land-use competition issues for energy crops and their sustainable production – an overview – Fritsche et al. (2010) “Biofuel production from energy crops is land-use intensive. Land-use change (LUC) associated with bioenergy cropping impacts on the greenhouse gas (GHG) balance, both directly and indirectly. Land-use conversion can also impact on biodiversity. The current state of quantifying GHG emissions relating to direct and indirect land-use change (iLUC) from biomass produced for liquid biofuels or bioenergy is reviewed. Several options for reducing iLUC are discussed, and recommendations made for considering LUC in bioenergy and biofuel policies. Land used for energy cropping is subject to competing demands for conventional agriculture and forest production, as well as for nature protection and conservation. Biomass to be used for bioenergy and biofuels should therefore be produced primarily from excess farm and forest residues or from land not required for food and fiber production. The overall efficiency of biomass production, conversion, and use should be increased where possible in order to further reduce land competition and the related direct and iLUC risks. This review of several varying approaches to iLUC substantiates that, in principle, GHG emissions can be quantified and reductions implemented by appropriate policies. Such approaches can (and should) be refined and substantiated using better data on direct LUC trends from global monitoring, and be further improved by adding more accurate estimates of future trade patterns where appropriate. This brief discussion of current policies and options to reduce iLUC has identified a variety of approaches and options so that a quantified iLUC factor could be translated into practical regulations – both mandatory and voluntary – with few restrictions. Depending on the future development of energy cropping systems and yield improvements, sustainable bioenergy production could make a significant contribution to the future global energy demand.” Fritsche, U. R., Sims, R. E. H. and Monti, A. (2010), Direct and indirect land-use competition issues for energy crops and their sustainable production – an overview. Biofuels, Bioprod. Bioref., 4: 692–704. doi: 10.1002/bbb.258. [Full text]

Proper accounting for time increases crop-based biofuels’ greenhouse gas deficit versus petroleum – O’Hare et al. (2009) “The global warming intensities of crop-based biofuels and fossil fuels differ not only in amount but also in their discharge patterns over time. Early discharges, for example, from market-mediated land use change, will have created more global warming by any time in the future than later discharges, owing to the slow decay of atmospheric CO2. A spreadsheet model of this process, BTIME, captures this important time pattern effect using the Bern CO2 decay model to allow fuels to be compared for policy decisions on the basis of their real warming effects with a variety of user-supplied parameter values. The model also allows economic discounting of climate effects extended far into the future. Compared to approaches that simply sum greenhouse gas emissions over time, recognizing the physics of atmospheric CO2 decay significantly increases the deficit relative to fossil fuel of any biofuel causing land use change.” M O’Hare et al 2009 Environ. Res. Lett. 4 024001 doi:10.1088/1748-9326/4/2/024001. [Full text]


Set-asides can be better climate investment than corn ethanol – Piñeiro et al. (2009)

Although various studies have shown that corn ethanol reduces greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by displacing fossil fuel use, many of these studies fail to include how land-use history affects the net carbon balance through changes in soil carbon content. We evaluated the effectiveness and economic value of corn and cellulosic ethanol production for reducing net GHG emissions when produced on lands with different land-use histories, comparing these strategies with reductions achieved by set-aside programs such as the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP). Depending on prior land use, our analysis shows that C releases from the soil after planting corn for ethanol may in some cases completely offset C gains attributed to biofuel generation for at least 50 years. More surprisingly, based on our comprehensive analysis of 142 soil studies, soil C sequestered by setting aside former agricultural land was greater than the C credits generated by planting corn for ethanol on the same land for 40 years and had equal or greater economic net present value. Once commercially available, cellulosic ethanol produced in set-aside grasslands should provide the most efficient tool for GHG reduction of any scenario we examined. Our results suggest that conversion of CRP lands or other set-aside programs to corn ethanol production should not be encouraged through greenhouse gas policies.” Gervasio Piñeiro, Esteban G. Jobbágy, Justin Baker, Brian C. Murray, and Robert B. Jackson 2009. Set-asides can be better climate investment than corn ethanol. Ecological Applications 19:277–282. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/08-0645.1. [Full text]

Biofuel Plantations on Forested Lands: Double Jeopardy for Biodiversity and Climate – Danielsen et al. (2009) “The growing demand for biofuels is promoting the expansion of a number of agricultural commodities, including oil palm (Elaeis guineensis). Oil-palm plantations cover over 13 million ha, primarily in Southeast Asia, where they have directly or indirectly replaced tropical rainforest. We explored the impact of the spread of oil-palm plantations on greenhouse gas emission and biodiversity. We assessed changes in carbon stocks with changing land use and compared this with the amount of fossil-fuel carbon emission avoided through its replacement by biofuel carbon. We estimated it would take between 75 and 93 years for the carbon emissions saved through use of biofuel to compensate for the carbon lost through forest conversion, depending on how the forest was cleared. If the original habitat was peatland, carbon balance would take more than 600 years. Conversely, planting oil palms on degraded grassland would lead to a net removal of carbon within 10 years. These estimates have associated uncertainty, but their magnitude and relative proportions seem credible. We carried out a meta-analysis of published faunal studies that compared forest with oil palm. We found that plantations supported species-poor communities containing few forest species. Because no published data on flora were available, we present results from our sampling of plants in oil palm and forest plots in Indonesia. Although the species richness of pteridophytes was higher in plantations, they held few forest species. Trees, lianas, epiphytic orchids, and indigenous palms were wholly absent from oil-palm plantations. The majority of individual plants and animals in oil-palm plantations belonged to a small number of generalist species of low conservation concern. As countries strive to meet obligations to reduce carbon emissions under one international agreement (Kyoto Protocol), they may not only fail to meet their obligations under another (Convention on Biological Diversity) but may actually hasten global climate change. Reducing deforestation is likely to represent a more effective climate-change mitigation strategy than converting forest for biofuel production, and it may help nations meet their international commitments to reduce biodiversity loss.” Danielsen, F., Beukema, H., Burgess, N. D., Parish, F., Brühl, C. A., Donald, P. F., Murdiyarso, D., Phalan, B., Reijnders, L., Struebig, M. and Fitzherbert, E. B. (2009), Biofuel Plantations on Forested Lands: Double Jeopardy for Biodiversity and Climate. Conservation Biology, 23: 348–358. doi: 10.1111/j.1523-1739.2008.01096.x. [Full text]

Carbon payback times for crop-based biofuel expansion in the tropics: the effects of changing yield and technology – Gibbs et al. (2008) “Biofuels from land-rich tropical countries may help displace foreign petroleum imports for many industrialized nations, providing a possible solution to the twin challenges of energy security and climate change. But concern is mounting that crop-based biofuels will increase net greenhouse gas emissions if feedstocks are produced by expanding agricultural lands. Here we quantify the ‘carbon payback time’ for a range of biofuel crop expansion pathways in the tropics. We use a new, geographically detailed database of crop locations and yields, along with updated vegetation and soil biomass estimates, to provide carbon payback estimates that are more regionally specific than those in previous studies. Using this cropland database, we also estimate carbon payback times under different scenarios of future crop yields, biofuel technologies, and petroleum sources. Under current conditions, the expansion of biofuels into productive tropical ecosystems will always lead to net carbon emissions for decades to centuries, while expanding into degraded or already cultivated land will provide almost immediate carbon savings. Future crop yield improvements and technology advances, coupled with unconventional petroleum supplies, will increase biofuel carbon offsets, but clearing carbon-rich land still requires several decades or more for carbon payback. No foreseeable changes in agricultural or energy technology will be able to achieve meaningful carbon benefits if crop-based biofuels are produced at the expense of tropical forests.” Holly K Gibbs et al 2008 Environ. Res. Lett. 3 034001 doi:10.1088/1748-9326/3/3/034001. [Full text]

Land Clearing and the Biofuel Carbon Debt – Fargione et al. (2008) “Increasing energy use, climate change, and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from fossil fuels make switching to low-carbon fuels a high priority. Biofuels are a potential low-carbon energy source, but whether biofuels offer carbon savings depends on how they are produced. Converting rainforests, peatlands, savannas, or grasslands to produce food crop–based biofuels in Brazil, Southeast Asia, and the United States creates a “biofuel carbon debt” by releasing 17 to 420 times more CO2 than the annual greenhouse gas (GHG) reductions that these biofuels would provide by displacing fossil fuels. In contrast, biofuels made from waste biomass or from biomass grown on degraded and abandoned agricultural lands planted with perennials incur little or no carbon debt and can offer immediate and sustained GHG advantages.” Joseph Fargione, Jason Hill, David Tilman, Stephen Polasky, Peter Hawthorne, Science 29 February 2008: Vol. 319 no. 5867 pp. 1235-1238, DOI: 10.1126/science.1152747. [Full text]

Use of U.S. Croplands for Biofuels Increases Greenhouse Gases Through Emissions from Land-Use Change – Searchinger et al. (2008) “Most prior studies have found that substituting biofuels for gasoline will reduce greenhouse gases because biofuels sequester carbon through the growth of the feedstock. These analyses have failed to count the carbon emissions that occur as farmers worldwide respond to higher prices and convert forest and grassland to new cropland to replace the grain (or cropland) diverted to biofuels. By using a worldwide agricultural model to estimate emissions from land-use change, we found that corn-based ethanol, instead of producing a 20% savings, nearly doubles greenhouse emissions over 30 years and increases greenhouse gases for 167 years. Biofuels from switchgrass, if grown on U.S. corn lands, increase emissions by 50%. This result raises concerns about large biofuel mandates and highlights the value of using waste products.” Timothy Searchinger, Ralph Heimlich, R. A. Houghton, Fengxia Dong, Amani Elobeid, Jacinto Fabiosa, Simla Tokgoz, Dermot Hayes, Tun-Hsiang Yu, Science 29 February 2008: Vol. 319 no. 5867 pp. 1238-1240, DOI: 10.1126/science.1151861. [Full text]

Posted in Adaptation & Mitigation | 1 Comment »

Your paperlist suggestions

Posted by Ari Jokimäki on March 6, 2014

Years ago I had a thread where I asked for paperlist suggestions. It’s time to do another round. Go ahead and suggest climate-related subjects on which you would like to have a list of scientific papers. I don’t promise to do all or any of them, and I also don’t promise to do them quickly, but your suggestions do have a good chance to go high in my to-do list.

Posted in General | 4 Comments »

New research – February 2014

Posted by Ari Jokimäki on March 4, 2014

Some selected papers as included in my New research stream in Twitter and in Facebook during February 2014. There are 155 papers, which makes it about 5.5 papers per day.

CLIMATE SCIENCE

CMIP5 multi-model hindcasts for the mid-1970s shift and early 2000s hiatus http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2014GL059256/abstract

Record occurrence and record values in daily and monthly temperatures http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00382-013-1693-0

Causes of past and future Arctic stratospheric temperature trends (open access) http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/14/1679/2014/acp-14-1679-2014.html

A Lagrangian Investigation of Hot and Cold Temperature Extremes in Europe http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/qj.2339/abstract

Improved Historical Temperature and Precipitation Time Series For U.S. Climate Divisions http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JAMC-D-13-0248.1

Surface and tropospheric temperature trends in Armenia http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/joc.3928/abstract

Temporal and spatial variation of 10-day mean air temperature in Northwestern China http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00704-014-1100-8

Temperature trends under climate change in the source region of the Yellow River, China http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00704-014-1112-4

Homogenization via pairwise comparisons with application to Argentinean temperature series http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/joc.3925/abstract

Competing roles of GHGs and anthropogenic aerosols in Indian Ocean SST during the 20th century http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00396.1

Decadal variability of heat content in the South China Sea (open access) http://www.ocean-sci.net/10/135/2014/os-10-135-2014.html

European degree-day climatologies and trends for the period 1951–2011 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/joc.3959/abstract

Model simulation and projection of European heat waves in present-day and future climates http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00284.1

Northern Eurasian Heat Waves and Droughts http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00360.1

Attribution of temperature and precipitation changes to greenhouse gases in northwest Iran http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1040618214000354

Estimating climate sensitivity and future temperature in presence of natural climate variability http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL058532/abstract

Statistical Significance of Climate Sensitivity Predictors Obtained by Data Mining http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2014GL059205/abstract

Impact of AMOC on ocean heat storage and transient climate change http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL058998/abstract

Is AMOC more predictable than North Atlantic heat content? http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00274.1

Comparison of surface albedo feedback in climate models and observations (open access) http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2014GL059280/abstract

Uncertainty of concentration-terrestrial carbon feedback in Earth system models http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00177.1

On the alleged coherence between the global temperature and the sun’s movement http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1364682614000273

The controversial early brightening in the first half of 20th century: measurements in Madrid http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921818114000368

China’s dimming and brightening: evidence, causes and hydrological implications (open access) http://www.ann-geophys.net/32/41/2014/angeo-32-41-2014.html

Volcanic contribution to decadal changes in tropospheric temperature http://www.nature.com/ngeo/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/ngeo2098.html

Volcanic forcing for climate modeling: a data set covering years 1600–present (open access) http://www.clim-past.net/10/359/2014/cp-10-359-2014.html

Global survey of instantaneous linkages between cloud vertical structure and large-scale climate http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JD020669/abstract

Decrease in cloud cover over the southeastern Tibetan Plateau since 1600 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S027737911400016X

Extreme precipitation over Europe and its relationships with teleconnection patterns (open access) http://www.hydrol-earth-syst-sci.net/18/709/2014/hess-18-709-2014.html

Causes and predictability of the record wet east Australian spring 2010 http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00382-013-1700-5

Trends in precipitation extremes and return levels in Hawaiian Islands under a changing climate http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/joc.3950/abstract

North Sea storminess from a novel storm surge record since AD 1843 http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00427.1

Projected changes in hailstorms during the 21st century over the UK http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/joc.3958/abstract

Climate change impacts on extreme events in the United States (open access) http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-013-1048-1

North Atlantic Tropical Cyclones and U.S. Flooding http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00060.1

Tropical cyclones in enhanced resolution CMIP5 experiments http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00382-013-1818-5

A 66-year tropical cyclone record for south-east Africa: temporal trends in a global context http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/joc.3932/abstract

Climatic Change special issue: A new scenario framework for climate change research (open access) http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-013-0912-3

Airborne high spatial and moderate spectral resolution imaging of methane (open access) http://www.atmos-meas-tech.net/7/491/2014/amt-7-491-2014.html

Special Workshop on Climatic Effects of Ozone Depletion in the Southern Hemisphere (open access) http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00143.1

Evolution of Total Atmospheric Ozone from 1900 to 2100 Estimated with Statistical Models http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JAS-D-13-052.1

Future Arctic temperature and ozone: the role of stratospheric composition changes http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JD021100/abstract

Pollution trends over Europe constrain global aerosol forcing as simulated by climate models http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL058715/abstract

Brown Carbon in the Continental Troposphere http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL058976/abstract

Understanding and attributing the Euro-Russian summer blocking signatures http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asl2.490/abstract

Extreme temperature events in Central Europe related to high pressure blocking situations (open access) http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/schweiz/mz/2013/00000022/00000005/art00002

The varied impacts of El Niño – Southern Oscillation on Pacific island climates http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00130.1

The Atlantic Multi-decadal Oscillation as a dominant factor of oceanic influence on climate http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2014GL059274/abstract

Observed decline of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation 2004–2012 (open access) http://www.ocean-sci.net/10/29/2014/os-10-29-2014.html

The implication of radiative forcing and feedback for meridional energy transport http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL059079/abstract

Effects of changing winds and temperatures on the oceanography of Ross Sea in 21st century http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2014GL059311/abstract

Tropical origin of the severe European winter of 1962/63 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/qj.2346/abstract

Equatorward shift of the South Asian high in response to anthropogenic forcing http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00704-014-1095-1

Robust response of the East Asian monsoon rainband to solar variability http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00482.1

Performance of CMIP3 and CMIP5 global climate models over the north-east Atlantic region http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00382-014-2078-8

Multi-decadal global cooling and ozone loss following regional nuclear conflict (open access) http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013EF000205/abstract

Modeling the impacts of a man-made lake on the meteorological conditions of the surrounding areas http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JAMC-D-13-0163.1

Arctic amplification dominated by temperature feedbacks in contemporary climate models http://www.nature.com/ngeo/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/ngeo2071.html

CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS

Greenland Ice Sheet melt from MODIS and associated atmospheric variability (open access) http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL059185/abstract

77% increase of ice discharge since 1973 from Amundsen Sea Embayment, West Antarctica http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL059069/abstract

Export and circulation of ice cavity water in Pine Island Bay, West Antarctica http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JC009307/abstract

Contribution of snow and glacier melt to discharge for highly glacierised catchments in Norway (open access) http://www.hydrol-earth-syst-sci.net/18/511/2014/hess-18-511-2014.html

Modelled trends in Antarctic sea ice thickness http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00301.1

Changes in Arctic melt season and implications for sea ice loss http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL058951/abstract

Cyclone impact on sea ice in the central Arctic Ocean (open access) http://www.the-cryosphere.net/8/303/2014/tc-8-303-2014.html

The role of the mean state of Arctic sea ice on near-surface temperature trends http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00617.1

Sea-ice extent and its trend provide limited metrics of model performance (open access) http://www.the-cryosphere.net/8/229/2014/tc-8-229-2014.html

Interannual predictability of Arctic sea ice in a global climate model (open access) http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00382-014-2071-2

Summer Arctic sea ice albedo in CMIP5 models (open access) http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/14/1987/2014/acp-14-1987-2014.html

Autumn Eurasian snow depth, autumn Arctic sea ice cover and East Asian winter monsoon http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/joc.3936/abstract

Spatial variations in snow cover and seasonally frozen ground over N China and Mongolia, 1988-2010 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921818114000538

Snowfall time-series reconstruction in Italy over the last 300 years http://hol.sagepub.com/content/early/2014/01/30/0959683613518590.abstract

New permafrost is forming around shrinking Arctic lakes, but will it last? http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2014GL059251/abstract

Response of ice cover on shallow lakes of N Slope of Alaska to climate conditions (open access) http://www.the-cryosphere.net/8/167/2014/tc-8-167-2014.html

Local spring warming drives earlier river-ice breakup in a large Arctic delta (Mackenzie River) http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL058761/abstract

Interactions between climate change and land use change on biodiversity (open access) http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/wcc.271/abstract

Amazon forest biomass density maps: tackling the uncertainty in carbon emission estimates http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-014-1058-7

Heterogeneity of impacts of high CO2 on the North Western European Shelf (open access) http://www.biogeosciences.net/11/601/2014/bg-11-601-2014.html

Tree mortality in response to climate change induced drought across Beijing, China http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-014-1089-0

The imprint of climate within Northern Hemisphere trees http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277379114000146

Effects of forest age on albedo in boreal forests http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0034425714000509

Phenology as a strategy for carbon optimality: a global model (open access) http://www.biogeosciences.net/11/763/2014/bg-11-763-2014.html

Spring leaf phenology and the diurnal temperature range in a temperate maple forest http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00484-012-0603-1

A 170-year spring phenology index of plants in eastern China http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JG002565/abstract

Increasing altitudinal gradient of spring vegetation phenology on the Qinghai–Tibetan Plateau http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0168192314000045

Landward migration potential of Mangroves in response to sea level rise (open access) http://www.biogeosciences.net/11/857/2014/bg-11-857-2014.html

Climate change has confounding impact on Phytophthora cinnamomi occurrence risk in the SW USA http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12463/abstract

Estimation of environmental suitability for malaria vector development in Portugal http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0034425714000273

A continental (N America) risk assessment of West Nile virus under climate change http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12534/abstract

Larvae of the coral eating crown-of-thorns starfish in warmer-high CO2 ocean http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12530/abstract

Global warming will reshuffle areas of high prevalence of three avian blood parasite genera http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12542/abstract

Food resources and vegetation structure mediate climatic effects on species richness of birds http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/geb.12151/abstract

Albedo-induced radiative forcing from mountain pine beetle outbreaks in forests (open access) http://www.biogeosciences.net/11/563/2014/bg-11-563-2014.html

Evolutionary responses to global change: lessons from invasive species (open access) http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ele.12262/abstract

Net terrestrial CO2 exchange over China during 2001-2010 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JD021297/abstract

Predicting ecosystem carbon balance in a warming Arctic http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12549/abstract

A Growing Oceanic Carbon Uptake: Results from an inversion study of surface pCO2 data http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GB004585/abstract

Influence of the oceanic cool skin layer on global air–sea CO2 flux estimates http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S003442571300446X

Air–sea CO2 flux in the Pacific Ocean for the period 1990–2009 (open access) http://www.biogeosciences.net/11/709/2014/bg-11-709-2014.html

Evidence for a differential sea level rise between hemispheres over the 20th century http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL059039/abstract

On the ability of global sea level reconstructions to determine trends and variability http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JC009298/abstract

Sea level extremes at the coasts of China http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JC009607/abstract

Cyclostationary empirical orthogonal function sea-level reconstruction (open access) http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/gdj3.6/abstract

Exploring local (California Current) adaptation and the ocean acidification seascape (open access) http://www.biogeosciences.net/11/1053/2014/bg-11-1053-2014.html

Response of ocean acidification to gradual increase and decrease of atmospheric CO2 (open access) http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/9/2/024012

Climate change drives coherent trends in physics and oxygen content in North American lakes http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-014-1085-4

Impact of human population density on fire frequency at the global scale (open access) http://www.biogeosciences.net/11/1085/2014/bg-11-1085-2014.html

Changes to the drivers of fire weather with a warming climate in southeast Tasmania http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-014-1070-y

Fire weather and large fire potential in the northern Sierra Nevada http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0168192314000069

Radiative effect of August 2010 Russian wildfires (open access) http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/14/1999/2014/acp-14-1999-2014.html

Long-term groundwater variations in Northwest India from satellite gravity measurements http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921818114000526

Climate change generally increases water stress in USA (open access) http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013EF000214/abstract

High-mortality days during winter season: comparing meteorological conditions across 5 US cities http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00484-013-0640-4

Climate-driven variability of water scarcity in food production potential (open access) http://www.hydrol-earth-syst-sci.net/18/447/2014/hess-18-447-2014.html

The impacts of long-term and year-to-year temperature change on corn yield in China http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00704-014-1093-3

Recent trends in international tourist climate preferences http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-014-1086-3

Climate and security: evidence, emerging risks, and a new agenda http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-014-1074-7

Impact of climate change on human-wildlife-ecosystem interactions in Trans-Himalaya region of Nepal http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00704-013-0902-4

CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION AND ADAPTATION

Climate change and energy security: an analysis of policy research http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-013-0895-0

Quantifying the climate impacts of albedo changes due to biofuel production (open access) http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/9/2/024015

Germany’s regional and local climate response to arable land bioenergy production http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JD020877/abstract

Perceptions of time in relation to climate change http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/wcc.272/abstract

Analysis of Ultimate Fossil Fuel Reserves and Associated CO2 Emissions in IPCC Scenarios http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11053-013-9207-7

The future role of agriculture and land use change for climate change mitigation in Bangladesh http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11027-014-9545-8

Geothermal Energy for Northern Canada: Is it Economical? http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11053-013-9199-3

Carbon Footprint Taxes http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10640-013-9749-5

Recent and future trends in synthetic greenhouse gas radiative forcing http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL059099/abstract

The feasibility of a European-wide integrated CO2 transport network http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/ghg.1410/abstract

Nitrous oxide emissions 1999 to 2009 from a global atmospheric inversion (open access) http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/14/1801/2014/acp-14-1801-2014.html

Modern economies are not following a sustainable energy consumption path http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0973082614000088

The potential of microblogs for the study of public perceptions of climate change http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/wcc.273/abstract

Japan’s energy conundrum: Post-Fukushima scenarios from a life cycle perspective http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421513006381

Cold and warm spells and their impact on energy consumption in urban areas http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11069-014-1074-y

Blame avoidance and problem denial in climate change policy-making http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959378013002392

Stratospheric ozone response to sulfate geoengineering http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JD020566/abstract

Examining politics and practice in urban climate change experiments http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959378014000120

Well-to-wheel analysis on greenhouse gas emission and energy use with natural gas in Korea http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11367-014-0704-7

Changing consumption choices has high greenhouse gas reduction potential http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959378014000077

The politics of climate change in the UK http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/wcc.274/abstract

Autonomous adaptation to climate change has already begun in agricultural region of N Europe http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10113-014-0594-z

Communicating adaptation to climate change http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/wcc.276/abstract

From climate research to climate compatible development in the Netherlands http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10113-013-0567-7

Global look at climate adaptation actions financed through the Global Environment Facility http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959378014000065

PALAEOCLIMATE

Can sea ice albedo uncertainty reconcile data-model discord for Pliocene and 20th/21st centuries? http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL058872/abstract

Precipitation reconstruction for the Czech Lands, AD 1501–2010 http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/joc.3957/abstract

Interdependence of the growth of the NH ice sheets during the last glaciation (open access) http://www.clim-past.net/10/345/2014/cp-10-345-2014.html

Little Ice Age on the Tibetan Plateau and its bordering mountains http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S092181811400040X

Climate as a driver of ecological community change across the Anthropocene boundary http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12548/abstract

Hysteresis of Glaciations in the Permo-Carboniferous http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JD020524/abstract

High-resolution 1500-year chironomid stratigraphy from a southwestern Greenland lake http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0033589414000076

Middle- to late-Holocene storminess in Brittany (NW France) http://hol.sagepub.com/content/early/2014/02/07/0959683613519687.abstract

Characterizing atmospheric circulation signals in Greenland ice cores http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00382-014-2074-z

Using palaeo-climate comparisons to constrain future projections in CMIP5 (open access) http://www.clim-past.net/10/221/2014/cp-10-221-2014.html

The impact of climate-vegetation interactions on the onset of the Antarctic ice sheet http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL058994/abstract

OTHERS

A glossary for biometeorology (open access) http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00484-013-0729-9

Posted in Climate science | 1 Comment »

Papers on anthropogenic global warming and next glaciation

Posted by Ari Jokimäki on February 18, 2014

This is a list of papers on anthropogenic global warming and next glaciation. List also contains some papers that discuss next glaciation more generally. The list is not complete, and will most likely be updated in future in order to make it more thorough and more representative.

Impact of anthropogenic CO2 on the next glacial cycle – Herrero et al. (2013) “The model of Paillard and Parrenin (Earth Planet Sci Lett 227(3–4):263–271, 2004) has been recently optimized for the last eight glacial cycles, leading to two different relaxation models with model-data correlations between 0.8 and 0.9 (García-Olivares and Herrero (Clim Dyn 1–25, 2012b)). These two models are here used to predict the effect of an anthropogenic CO2 pulse on the evolution of atmospheric CO2, global ice volume and Antarctic ice cover during the next 300 kyr. The initial atmospheric CO2 condition is obtained after a critical data analysis that sets 1300 Gt as the most realistic carbon Ultimate Recoverable Resources (URR), with the help of a global compartmental model to determine the carbon transfer function to the atmosphere. The next 20 kyr will have an abnormally high greenhouse effect which, according to the CO2 values, will lengthen the present interglacial by some 25 to 33 kyr. This is because the perturbation of the current interglacial will lead to a delay in the future advance of the ice sheet on the Antarctic shelf, causing that the relative maximum of boreal insolation found 65 kyr after present (AP) will not affect the developing glaciation. Instead, it will be the following insolation peak, about 110 kyr AP, which will find an appropriate climatic state to trigger the next deglaciation.” Carmen Herrero, Antonio García-Olivares, Josep L. Pelegrí, Climatic Change, December 2013, DOI: 10.1007/s10584-013-1012-0.

Determining the natural length of the current interglacial – Tzedakis et al. (2012) “No glacial inception is projected to occur at the current atmospheric CO2 concentrations of 390 ppmv (ref. 1). Indeed, model experiments suggest that in the current orbital configuration—which is characterized by a weak minimum in summer insolation—glacial inception would require CO2 concentrations below preindustrial levels of 280 ppmv (refs 2, 3, 4). However, the precise CO2 threshold4, 5, 6 as well as the timing of the hypothetical next glaciation7 remain unclear. Past interglacials can be used to draw analogies with the present, provided their duration is known. Here we propose that the minimum age of a glacial inception is constrained by the onset of bipolar-seesaw climate variability, which requires ice-sheets large enough to produce iceberg discharges that disrupt the ocean circulation. We identify the bipolar seesaw in ice-core and North Atlantic marine records by the appearance of a distinct phasing of interhemispheric climate and hydrographic changes and ice-rafted debris. The glacial inception during Marine Isotope sub-Stage 19c, a close analogue for the present interglacial, occurred near the summer insolation minimum, suggesting that the interglacial was not prolonged by subdued radiative forcing7. Assuming that ice growth mainly responds to insolation and CO2 forcing, this analogy suggests that the end of the current interglacial would occur within the next 1500 years, if atmospheric CO2 concentrations did not exceed 240±5 ppmv.” P. C. Tzedakis, J. E. T. Channell, D. A. Hodell, H. F. Kleiven & L. C. Skinner, Nature Geoscience 5, 138–141(2012), doi:10.1038/ngeo1358. [Full text]

How can a glacial inception be predicted? – Crucifix (2011) “The Early Anthropogenic Hypothesis considers that greenhouse gas concentrations should have declined during the Holocene in absence of humankind activity, leading to glacial inception around the present. It partly relies on the fact that present levels of northern summer incoming solar radiation are close to those that, in the past, preceded a glacial inception phenomenon, associated with declines in greenhouse gas concentrations. However, experiments with various numerical models of glacial cycles show that next glacial inception may still be delayed by several tens of thousands of years, even with the assumption of a decline in greenhouse gas concentrations during the Holocene. Furthermore, as we show here, conceptual models designed to capture the gross dynamics of the climate system as a whole suggest also that small disturbances may sometimes cause substantial delays in glacial events, causing a fair level of unpredictability on ice age dynamics. This suggests the need for a validated mathematical description of climate system dynamics that allows us to quantify uncertainties on predictions. Here, it is proposed to organise our knowledge about the physics and dynamics of glacial cycles through a Bayesian inference network. Constraints on the physics and dynamics of climate can be encapsulated into a stochastic dynamical system. These constraints include, in particular, estimates of the sensitivity of the components of climate to external forcings, inferred from plans of experiments with large simulators of the atmosphere, oceans and ice sheets. On the other hand, palaeoclimate observations are accounted for through a process of parameter calibration. We discuss promises and challenges raised by this programme.” Michel Crucifix, The Holocene August 2011 vol. 21 no. 5 831-842, doi: 10.1177/0959683610394883. [Full text]

The impact of insolation, greenhouse gas forcing and ocean circulation changes on glacial inception – Vettoretti & Peltier (2011) “In this study we employ the NCAR CCSM3 coupled model to investigate the onset of high northern latitude perennial snow cover. Two periods of Earth’s insolation history, that of the pre-industrial period and that of 116 ka before present (BP), are used as benchmarks in an investigation of the influences of interglacial greenhouse gas (GHG) concentration and insolation upon the occurrence of permanent summer snow cover. An additional two experiments at 10 ka and 51 ka into the future (AP) using a typical interglacial GHG level are used to investigate the length of the current interglacial. Results from this set of multicentury sensitivity experiments demonstrate the relative importance of forcings due to insolation and atmospheric greenhouse gases at the millennial scale, and of Atlantic ocean overturning strength (AMOC) at the century scale. We find that while areas of perennial snow cover are sensitive to GHG concentrations, they are much more sensitive to the contemporaneous insolation regime. The goodness of fit of the climatology of the control model to the modern observed climatology is found to influence the modeling results. While there is a strong correlation between AMOC decadal variability and high latitude surface temperature in our control climates, we find little change in AMOC strength during our simulations of 116 ka BP climate nor do we find significant correlation between high latitude snow accumulation and the AMOC. Both the 10 ka AP and 51 ka AP future simulations produce inception events which are much stronger than that of the equivalent pre-industrial simulation. The simulation of inception at 10 ka into the future suggests a maximum duration of the current interglacial of approximately 20 ka in the absence of modern anthropogenic forcing.” G. Vettoretti, W.R. Peltier, The Holocene August 2011 vol. 21 no. 5 803-817, doi: 10.1177/0959683610394885.

A movable trigger: Fossil fuel CO2 and the onset of the next glaciation – Archer & Ganopolski (2005) “The initiation of northern hemisphere ice sheets in the last 800 kyr appears to be closely controlled by minima in summer insolation forcing at 65°N. Beginning from an initial typical interglacial pCO2 of 280 ppm, the CLIMBER-2 model initiates an ice sheet in the Northern Hemisphere when insolation drops 0.7 σ (standard deviation) or 15 W/m2 below the mean. This same value is required to explain the history of climate using an orbitally driven conceptual model based on insolation and ice volume thresholds (Paillard, 1998). When the initial baseline pCO2 is raised in CLIMBER-2, a deeper minimum in summertime insolation is required to nucleate an ice sheet. Carbon cycle models indicate that ∼25% of CO2 from fossil fuel combustion will remain in the atmosphere for thousands of years, and ∼7% will remain beyond one hundred thousand years (Archer, 2005). We predict that a carbon release from fossil fuels or methane hydrate deposits of 5000 Gton C could prevent glaciation for the next 500,000 years, until after not one but two 400 kyr cycle eccentricity minima. The duration and intensity of the projected interglacial period are longer than have been seen in the last 2.6 million years.” David Archer, Andrey Ganopolski, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, Volume 6, Issue 5, May 2005, DOI: 10.1029/2004GC000891. [Full text]

The Earth’s Climate in the Next Hundred Thousand years (100 kyr) – Berger et al. (2003) “One of the most striking features of the Quaternary paleoclimate records remains the so-called 100-kyr cycle which is undoubtedly linked to the future of our climate. Such a 100-kyr cycle is indeed characterised by long glacial periods followed by a short-interglacial (∼10–15 kyr long). As we are now in an interglacial, the Holocene, the previous one (the Eemian, which corresponds quite well to Marine Isotope Stage 5e, peaking at ∼125 kyr before present, BP) was assumed to be a good analogue for our present-day climate. In addition, as the Holocene is 10 kyr long, paleoclimatologists were naturally inclined to predict that we are quite close to the next ice age. Simulations using the 2-D climate model of Louvain-la-Neuve show, however, that the current interglacial will most probably last much longer than any previous ones. It is suggested here that this is related to the shape of the Earth’s orbit around the Sun, which will be almost circular over the next tens of thousands of years. As this is primarily related to the 400-kyr cycle of eccentricity, the best and closest analogue for such a forcing is definitely Marine Isotopic Stage 11 (MIS-11), some 400 kyr ago, not MIS-5e. Because the CO2 concentration in the atmosphere also plays an important role in shaping long-term climatic variations – especially its phase with respect to insolation – a detailed reconstruction of this previous interglacial from deep sea and ice records is urgently needed. Such a study is particularly important in the context of the already exceptional present-day CO2 concentrations (unprecedented over the past million years) and, even more so, because of even larger values predicted to occur during the 21st century due to human activities.” A. Berger, M. F. Loutre, M. Crucifix, Surveys in Geophysics, March 2003, Volume 24, Issue 2, pp 117-138. [Full text]

An Exceptionally Long Interglacial Ahead? – Berger & Loutre (2002) “Today’s comparatively warm climate has been the exception more than the rule during the last 500,000 years or more. If recent warm periods (or interglacials) are a guide, then we may soon slip into another glacial period. But Berger and Loutre argue in their Perspective that with or without human perturbations, the current warm climate may last another 50,000 years. The reason is a minimum in the eccentricity of Earth’s orbit around the Sun.” A. Berger, M. F. Loutre, Science 23 August 2002: Vol. 297 no. 5585 pp. 1287-1288, DOI: 10.1126/science.1076120. [Full text]

Future Climatic Changes: Are We Entering an Exceptionally Long Interglacial? – Loutre & Berger (2000) “Various experiments have been conducted using the Louvain-la-Neuve two-dimensional Northern Hemisphere climate model (LLN 2-D NH) to simulate climate for the next 130 kyr into the future. Simulations start with values representing the present-day Northern Hemisphere ice sheet, using different scenarios for future CO2 concentrations. The sensitivity of the model to the initial size of the Greenland ice sheet, and to possible impacts of human activities, has also been tested. Most of the natural scenarios indicate that: (i) the climate is likely to experience a longlasting (∼50 kyr) interglacial; (ii) the next glacial maximum is expected to be most intense at around 100 kyr after present (AP), with a likely interstadial at ∼60 kyr AP; and (iii) after 100 kyr AP continental ice rapidly melts, leading to an ice volume minimum 20 kyr later. However, the amplitude and, to a lesser extent, the timing of future climatic changes depend on the CO2 scenario and on the initial conditions related to the assumed present-day ice volume. According to our modelling experiments, man’s activities over the next centuries may significantly affect the ice-sheet’s behaviour for approximately the next 50 kyr. Finally, the existence of thresholds in CO2 and insolation, earlier shown to be significant for the past, is confirmed to be also important for the future.” M. F. Loutre, A. Berger, Climatic Change, July 2000, Volume 46, Issue 1-2, pp 61-90, DOI 10.1023/A:1005559827189. [Full text]

The end of the present interglacial: how and when? – Broecker (1998) “Despite the large decline in Northern Hemisphere summer insolation during the last 8000 years, neither sea level nor polar temperatures have as yet undergone any significant downturn. This behavior is consistent with the prediction by Kukla and Matthews (1972) that the Holocene interglacial will terminate suddenly with a jump to another of the climate system’s modes of operation. This is what happened at the end of the last period of peak interglaciation. However, complicating the situation is evidence that ice sheet growth during the transition from marine stage 5e to 5d preceded the shut down of the Atlantic’s conveyor circulation which is thought to have brought Europe’s Eemian to a close. If so, then in the natural course of events, the end of the present interglaciation awaits the onset of icecap growth. However, it must be kept in mind that the ongoing buildup of greenhouse gases may alter the natural course of events. In particular, the warming and wetting of the planet will gradually reduce the density of surface waters in the regions where deep waters form. As this reduction is not likely to be symmetrical between the northern Atlantic and the margin of the Antarctic continent, the current near balance between deep water production in the north and south may be disrupted causing an abrupt reorganization of the ocean’s thermohaline circulation. Based on the paleoclimatic record, such a reorganization would have had a profound impact on the planet’s climate.” Broecker, W.S., Quaternary Science Reviews, Volume 17, Number 8, 1 August 1998 , pp. 689-694(6), DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0277-3791(98)00037-7. [Full text]

Summer solstice solar radiation, the 100 kyr Ice Age cycle, and the next Ice Age – Ledley (1995) “Modeling studies suggest that the summer solstice solar radiation is more important than the caloric half-year solar radiation in producing glacial/interglacial cycles because it is more representative of the energy available to melt ice during the short melt season. Here it is shown that the correlation between the summer solstice solar radiation and the rate of change of the oxygen isotope record is generally greater than that between the caloric half-year radiation and the rate of change of the oxygen isotope record. These results also suggest that the sawtoothed nature of the 100 kyr cycle may be produced by periods of relatively slow changes in ice volume, punctuated by periods of rapid growth that are initiated at times of extremely low summer solstice radiation; and that it is unlikely that an ice age will begin in the next 70 kyr.” Tamara Shapiro Ledley, Geophysical Research Letters, Volume 22, Issue 20, pages 2745–2748, 15 October 1995, DOI: 10.1029/95GL03027.

Possible effects of anthropogenically-increased CO2 on the dynamics of climate: Implications for ice age cycles – Saltzman et al. (1993) “A dynamical model, developed to account for the observed major variations of global ice mass and atmospheric CO2 during the late Cenozoic, is used to provide a quantitative demonstration of the possibility that the anthropogenically-forced increase of atmospheric CO2, if maintained over a long period of time (perhaps by tectonic forcing), could displace the climatic system from an unstable regime of oscillating ice ages into a more stable regime representative of the pre-Pleistocene. This stable regime is characterized by orbitally-forced oscillations that are of much weaker amplitude than prevailed during the Pleistocene.” Barry Saltzman, Kirk A. Maasch, Mikhail Ya. Verbitsky, Geophysical Research Letters, Volume 20, Issue 11, pages 1051–1054, 7 June 1993, DOI: 10.1029/93GL01015.

Quaternary Research special issue: The end of the present interglacial – several authors, 24 papers (1972) Only abstracts are available for individual papers. Quaternary Research, Volume 2, Issue 3, Pages 261-445 (November 1972).

Posted in Climate science, Global warming effects | Leave a Comment »

New research – January 2014

Posted by Ari Jokimäki on February 3, 2014

Some selected papers as included in my New research stream in Twitter and in Facebook during January 2014. There are 174 papers, which makes it about 5.6 papers per day.

CLIMATE SCIENCE

Man-made warming in Indian Ocean during 1958–2004 (open access) ABSTRACT

Effects of atmospheric teleconnections and solar variability on atmospheric temperatures in NH ABSTRACT

Arctic warming, atmospheric blocking and cold European winters in CMIP5 models (open access) ABSTRACT

Effect of data homogenization on estimate of temperature trend, Huairou, Beijing (open access) ABSTRACT

Spatiotemporal characterization of land surface temperature in Mount Kilimanjaro ABSTRACT

Parallel decadal variability of water temperatures for N and S Hemisphere Intermediate Water Masses ABSTRACT

Equilibrium climate sensitivity cannot be reliably estimated from transient observations ABSTRACT

Earth’s Energy Imbalance ABSTRACT

Quantifying contributions of climate feedbacks to tropospheric warming in the NCAR CCSM3.0 ABSTRACT

Characterizing the Climate Feedback Pattern in the NCAR CCSM3-SOM Using Hourly Data ABSTRACT

Asymmetry & uncertainties in climate–vegetation feedback over range of CO2 forcings (open access) ABSTRACT

Effects of vegetation changes on temperature changes across the Eastern China (open access) ABSTRACT

Interactive ozone induces a negative feedback in CO2 driven climate change simulations ABSTRACT

Stratocumulus cloud feedback in southeastern pacific – models vs. observations ABSTRACT

The responses of cloudiness to the direct radiative effect of sulfate and carbonaceous aerosols ABSTRACT

Global distribution of cloud water ABSTRACT

The Atmospheric Infrared Sounder version 6 cloud products (open access) ABSTRACT

Effect of cloudiness on long-term variability in air temperature in Krakow (open access) ABSTRACT

Detecting super-thin clouds with polarized sunlight ABSTRACT

Oceanic heat delivery via Kangerlugssuaq Fjord to the south-east Greenland ice sheet ABSTRACT

Urbanization effect on trends of extreme temperature indices over mainland China ABSTRACT

Detection of spatially aggregated changes in temperature and precipitation extremes ABSTRACT

Abrupt change of temperature and precipitation extremes in the arid region of Northwest China ABSTRACT

Changes in extreme temperature and precipitation in the Caribbean region, 1961–2010 (open access) ABSTRACT

Variations of surface temperature and rainfall in Vietnam from 1971 to 2010 (open access) ABSTRACT

Long-term variations and trends in precipitation in Finland ABSTRACT

The rainfall regime in Lisbon in the last 150 years ABSTRACT

Projected changes in mean and extreme precipitation indices over India using PRECIS ABSTRACT

Growing threat of intense tropical cyclones to East Asia over the period 1977–2010 ABSTRACT

A climatology of Australian severe thunderstorm environments 1979–2011 (open access) ABSTRACT

Cause of severe droughts in Southwest China during 1951–2010 ABSTRACT

Did climate change induced rainfall trends contribute to the Australian Millennium drought? ABSTRACT

Why did the 2011-12 La Niña cause a severe drought in the Brazilian Northeast? ABSTRACT

Trends and variability of seasonal weather regimes ABSTRACT

Frost-free season lengthening and its potential cause in the Tibetan Plateau from 1960 to 2010 ABSTRACT

Temporal change of climate zones in China in the context of climate warming ABSTRACT

Influence of Antarctic ice sheet lowering on the Southern Hemisphere climate ABSTRACT

Future change of global monsoon (open access) ABSTRACT

Met Office Hadley Centre Sea Ice and SST data set, version 2, part 1: Sea ice concentrations ABSTRACT

Evaluation of seven different atmospheric reanalysis products in the Arctic ABSTRACT

Awareness of both type I and II errors in climate science and assessment ABSTRACT

Terrestrial satellite records for climate studies: how long is long enough? ABSTRACT

Various aerosol types and minor gases in Arctic and Antarctic atmospheres ABSTRACT

On the consistency between global and regional methane emissions (open access) ABSTRACT

Two hundred fifty years of aerosols and climate: the end of the age of aerosols (open access) ABSTRACT

How active International Society of Biometeorology is in climate change research (open access) ABSTRACT

Antarctic ozone variability inside polar vortex estimated from balloon measurements (open access) ABSTRACT

Stratospheric ozone trends and variability as seen by SCIAMACHY from 2002 to 2012 (open access) ABSTRACT

Climate system response to stratospheric ozone depletion and recovery ABSTRACT

Response of the ozone column over Europe to the 2011 Arctic ozone depletion event ABSTRACT

The interpretation and use of biases in decadal climate predictions ABSTRACT

Soil temperatures beneath snow-free skin-surface using thermal observations from satellites ABSTRACT

Mending Milankovitch’s theory: obliquity amplification by surface feedbacks (open access) ABSTRACT

ENSO modulation: Is it decadally predictable? ABSTRACT

Exploring recent trends in Northern Hemisphere blocking ABSTRACT

CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS

The relationship between climate forcing and impact (open access) ABSTRACT

An Improved Mass Budget for the Greenland Ice Sheet ABSTRACT

Impact of climate sensitivity and polar amplification on projections of Greenland Ice Sheet loss ABSTRACT

Persistent flow acceleration within the interior of the Greenland Ice Sheet ABSTRACT

Explaining the presence of perennial liquid water bodies in the firn of the Greenland Ice Sheet ABSTRACT

Complex network of channels beneath an Antarctic ice shelf ABSTRACT

Feedbacks and mechanisms affecting global sensitivity of glaciers to climate change (open access) ABSTRACT

Glacier area loss in Northern Eurasia (open access) ABSTRACT

Glacier mass changes on the Tibetan Plateau 2003–2009 (open access) ABSTRACT

The climate memory of an Arctic polythermal glacier ABSTRACT

Recent changes in freezing level heights in High Asia and their impact on glacier changes ABSTRACT

Mapping hazards from glacier lake outburst floods (open access) ABSTRACT

Seasonal to interannual Arctic sea-ice predictability in current GCMs ABSTRACT

Multiyear sea ice thermal regimes and oceanic heat flux in the Arctic Ocean ABSTRACT

Arctic sea ice and the Madden–Julian Oscillation (open access) ABSTRACT

A satellite-based snow cover climatology (1985–2011) for the European Alps (open access) ABSTRACT

Central European tree phenology (1946-2010) confirm the recent extension of growing seasons ABSTRACT

Olive tree phenology and climate variations in the Mediterranean area over the last two decades ABSTRACT

Forest ecosystem changes from annual methane source to sink depending on late summer water balance ABSTRACT

Increased topsoil carbon stock across China’s forests ABSTRACT

Forest biomass carbon sinks in East Asia ABSTRACT

Change in tropical forest cover of Southeast Asia from 1990 to 2010 (open access) ABSTRACT

Global reductions in seafloor biomass in response to climate change (open access) ABSTRACT

Terrestrial carbon sink observed from space (open access) ABSTRACT

Predicting changes in temperate forest budburst using continental-scale observations and models ABSTRACT

Impact of climate change and human activities on alpine grassland over Qinghai-Tibet Plateau ABSTRACT

Big eucalypts grow more slowly in a warm climate ABSTRACT

Do climatic conditions affect host and parasite phenotypes differentially? ABSTRACT

Ecological responses of plant species and communities to climate warming ABSTRACT

Increased spring freezing vulnerability for alpine shrubs under early snowmelt ABSTRACT

Impacts of observed growing-season warming trends since 1980 on crop yields in China ABSTRACT

Remotely sensed trends in the phenology of northern high latitude terrestrial vegetation ABSTRACT

Chronic water stress reduces tree growth and the carbon sink of deciduous hardwood forests ABSTRACT

Trends in Finnish forest moth abundance are counter to predicted effects of climate change ABSTRACT

Faster growth in warmer winters for large trees in a Mediterranean-climate ecosystem ABSTRACT

Forest defoliator outbreaks under climate change from five pine insect pests ABSTRACT

Phenological change in British butterflies since the late-19th century ABSTRACT

Forest cover reduces thermally suitable habitats for a high-elevation lizard ABSTRACT

Climate change effects on animal and plant phylogenetic diversity in southern Africa ABSTRACT

The subtle role of climate change on population genetic structure in Canada lynx ABSTRACT

Projecting date palm distribution in Iran under climate change ABSTRACT

Warming drives a seasonal shift in timing of host-parasite dynamics and affecting disease risk ABSTRACT

Predicting plant invasions under climate change ABSTRACT

Changing Climate and the Altitudinal Range of Avian Malaria in the Hawaiian Islands ABSTRACT

Effects of landscape fragmentation and climate on Lyme disease incidence in NE United States ABSTRACT

Body size and activity times mediate mammalian responses to climate change ABSTRACT

Montane forest root growth and soil organic layer depth may have stabilized Cenozoic global change ABSTRACT

Larger biodiversity in tropical forests increases their carbon sink ABSTRACT

Recent intense hurricane response to global climate change (open access) ABSTRACT

Potential climatic refugia in semi-arid, temperate mountains (Sierra Nevada, California, USA) ABSTRACT

Tropical cyclone cooling combats region-wide coral bleaching ABSTRACT

Do successive climate extremes weaken the resistance of plant communities? (open access) ABSTRACT

Photosynthetic activity buffers ocean acidification in seagrass meadows (open access) ABSTRACT

Ocean acidification state in western Antarctic surface waters (open access) ABSTRACT

Regional variability of acidification in the Arctic: a sea of contrasts (open access) ABSTRACT

Biogeochemical context impacts seawater pH changes from atmospheric sulfur and nitrogen deposition ABSTRACT

Natural variability and anthropogenic change in equatorial Pacific surface ocean pCO2 and pH ABSTRACT

Observed small spatial scale and seasonal variability of CO2 in Southern Ocean (open access) ABSTRACT

The iron budget in ocean surface waters in the 20th and 21st centuries (open access) ABSTRACT

A curious local surface salinity maximum in the northwestern tropical Atlantic ABSTRACT

Rapid changes in the seasonal sea level cycle along the US Gulf coast from the late 20th century ABSTRACT

Naturally forced multidecadal variability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation ABSTRACT

Millennial variability in an idealized ocean model: predicting the AMOC regime shifts ABSTRACT

Changes in global ocean wave heights as projected using multi-model CMIP5 simulations ABSTRACT

Arctic Ocean basin liquid freshwater storage trend 1992 – 2012 ABSTRACT

Is flooding in Toronto a concern? ABSTRACT

Comparison of different evaporation estimates over the African continent (open access) ABSTRACT

Energy input is primary controller of methane bubbling in subarctic lakes ABSTRACT

Climate change risks to US infrastructure (open access) ABSTRACT

Historical evidence for climate driven migrations in Portuguese fishing community ABSTRACT

Climate change as a challenge to modern ways of thinking and being ABSTRACT

On climate variability and civil war in Asia (open access) ABSTRACT

Implications of changing climate on food security and smallholders’ livelihoods in Bogotá, Colombia ABSTRACT

Two thresholds determine climatic control of forest fire size in Europe and northern Africa ABSTRACT

Smoke consequences of new wildfire regimes driven by climate change (open access) ABSTRACT

Living on climate-changed country: health and well-being in Remote Australian Communities ABSTRACT

CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION AND ADAPTATION

Can regional climate engineering save the summer Arctic Sea-Ice? (open access) ABSTRACT

Will geoengineering be able to stop Arctic sea ice and snow from melting? ABSTRACT

Religion and climate change: varieties in viewpoints and practices ABSTRACT

Climate change mitigation policy paradigms—national objectives and alignments ABSTRACT

Full greenhouse gas budget of Africa: synthesis, uncertainties, and vulnerabilities (open access) ABSTRACT

Effects of climate sensitivity and carbon cycle interactions on mitigation policy stringency (OA) ABSTRACT

Considering local adaptation increases willingness to mitigate ABSTRACT

Historical responsibility for climate change: science and the science–policy interface ABSTRACT

Contribution of lawn mowing to atmospheric aerosol levels in American suburbs (open access) ABSTRACT

Quantifying sources of climate uncertainty to inform climate change risk analysis ABSTRACT

Most people in UK see cold events as pointing towards the reality of climate change (open access) ABSTRACT

Local surface temperature change due to expansion of oil palm plantation in Indonesia ABSTRACT

Well permeability estimation and CO2 leakage rates ABSTRACT

Reduced emissions from U.S. power plants due to switch from coal to natural gas (open access) ABSTRACT

Weakened tropical circulation and reduced precipitation in response to geoengineering (open access) ABSTRACT

Overview of the potential of microalgae for CO2 sequestration ABSTRACT

Efficiency of carbon sequestration by added reactive nitrogen in ocean fertilisation ABSTRACT

Shifting discourses of climate change in India ABSTRACT

Well permeability estimation and CO2 leakage rates ABSTRACT

Public engagement with climate change: the role of human values (open access) ABSTRACT

Smallholder farmer cropping decisions related to climate variability across multiple regions ABSTRACT

The dynamics of oil consumption and economic growth in Malaysia ABSTRACT

Lightning discharges produced by wind turbines ABSTRACT

The Role of Carbon Capture and Sequestration Policies for Climate Change Mitigation ABSTRACT

Variations in wind-energy regime of Taklimakan Desert, central Asia, over last 700 years ABSTRACT

National contributions to observed global warming (open access) ABSTRACT

Can we modify stratospheric water vapor by deliberate cloud seeding ABSTRACT

The regional climate impact of a realistic future deforestation scenario in the Congo Basin ABSTRACT

PALAEOCLIMATE

Climatic potential of Islamic chronicles in Iberia: Extreme droughts (AD 711–1010) ABSTRACT

New tools for the reconstruction of Pleistocene Antarctic sea ice ABSTRACT

Swiss tree-rings reveal warm and wet summers during medieval times ABSTRACT

A 0.6-Million Year Record of Millennial-Scale Climate Variability in the Tropics ABSTRACT

Past 1200 years surface air temperature reconstruction with tree rings for Gulf of Alaska ABSTRACT

70-80 year peridiocity identified from tree ring temperatures AD 550–1980 in N Scandinavia ABSTRACT

Ephemeral formation of perennial sea ice in the Arctic Ocean during the middle Eocene ABSTRACT

Evidence of the solar Gleissberg cycle in the nitrate concentration in polar ice ABSTRACT

Atlantic overturning responses to obliquity and precession over the last 3 Myr ABSTRACT

Late Pliocene lakes and soils: global data set for analysis of climate feedbacks in warmer world (OA) ABSTRACT

CO2 forcing and Intertropical Convergence Zone influence on W Pacific warm pool climate, past 400 ka ABSTRACT

Sedimentological and taphonomic evidence for drought-induced die-offs at Permo-Triassic boundary ABSTRACT

Delayed hydrological response to Greenland cooling at the onset of Younger Dryas in western Europe ABSTRACT

Evaluating the dominant components of warming in Pliocene climate simulations (open access) ABSTRACT

Muted change in Atlantic overturning circulation over some glacial-aged Heinrich events ABSTRACT

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New research from late 2013

Posted by Ari Jokimäki on January 10, 2014

In March I published a batch of early 2013 papers on climate related issues. In September I gave newly published papers in 5 separate posts:

Part 1. Reality of climate change (temperature, other climate parameters, climate extremes, future projections).
Part 2. Impacts of climate change (cryosphere, oceans, mankind, ecosystems, other issues).
Part 3. Mitigation and adaptation (greenhouse gases, mankind reaction, energy, technologies and products, adaptation, general mitigation).
Part 4. Past climate changes.
Part 5. Other papers (feedbacks and forcings, general climate science, other issues).

In this post I give you a selection of new papers (489 of them) from late 2013. Total number of papers in the research stream for the year 2013 is 1434. Here are the late 2013 papers:

Changes in significant and maximum wave heights in the Norwegian Sea
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921818113002816

The great 2012 Arctic Ocean summer cyclone enhanced biological productivity on the shelves
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JC009301/abstract

Continued warming likely has negative impact on crop production in Koshi River basin of Nepal (OA)
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10113-013-0576-6

Predicting the future from the vulnerability of corals and reef fishes to multiple stressors
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877343513001905

A Top-Down Regional Assessment of Urban Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Europe
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs13280-013-0467-6

Evolution of meteorological drought characteristics in Vietnam during the 1961–2007 period
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00704-013-1073-z

Agroclimatic conditions in china under projected climate change
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/joc.3892/abstract

A dissection of the surface temperature biases in the Community Earth System Model
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00382-013-2029-9

Estimating winter trends in climatic variables in the Chic-Chocs Mountains, Canada
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/joc.3895/abstract

Spatial and temporal variations of regional high temperature events in China
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/joc.3893/abstract

Topo-climatic microrefugia explain persistence of rare endemic plant in Alps during last 21000yr
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12515/abstract

Permafrost carbon vulnerability in upper reach of Heihe River basin, northwestern China
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1040618213009191

Future climate warming increases Greenland Ice Sheet surface mass balance variability
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL058172/abstract

Detection and correction of inhomogeneities in Greek climate temperature series
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/joc.3888/abstract

Simulated radiative forcing from contrails and contrail cirrus (open access) http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/13/12525/2013/acp-13-12525-2013.html

Future Arctic climate changes: adaptation and mitigation timescales
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013EF000162/abstract

Is climate sensitivity related to dynamical sensitivity? A Southern Hemisphere perspective
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL058466/abstract

Climate change and elevational range shifts: evidence from dung beetles in two European mountain ranges
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/geb.12142/abstract

Are North Atlantic Multidecadal SST Anomalies Westward Propagating?
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL058687/abstract

Polar bear conservation jeopardised by manipulation of scientific and trade data
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959378013002240

Warming temperatures and smaller body sizes: synchronous changes in growth of North Sea fishes
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12514/abstract

Increase of wildfire activity in southern California in the mid-twenty-first century
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00382-013-2022-3

Toward a consistent reanalysis of the climate system (open access)
http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00043.1

Influence of the western North Atlantic and the Barents Sea on European winter climate
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL058778/abstract

Rebuilding coral reefs: does active reef restoration lead to sustainable reefs?
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877343513001796

Estimating low-frequency variability and trends in atmospheric temperature using ERA-Interim
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/qj.2317/abstract

The influence of local spring temperature variance on temperature sensitivity of spring phenology
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12509/abstract

Change in the odds of warm years and seasons due to anthropogenic influence on the climate
http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00563.1

External forcing of the early 20th century Arctic warming (open access)
http://www.tellusa.net/index.php/tellusa/article/view/20578

Contribution of future agricultural trends in US Midwest to global climate change mitigation
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959378013002276

Quantitatively evaluating the effects of CO2 emission on temperature rise
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1040618213009129

Possibly ice free summers in Arctic Ocean during the Early Holocene Insolation Maximum
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277379113004162

Human caused shift in precipitation in eastern China in the late 1970s (open access) http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/13/12433/2013/acp-13-12433-2013.html

Response of atmospheric CO2 to the abrupt cooling event 8200 years ago
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL058177/abstract

Future ocean acidification in the Canada Basin and surrounding Arctic Ocean
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JC009069/abstract

Sea Ice-Atmosphere Feedback over the Barents Sea http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00371.1

Nitrogen and phosphorous limitations significantly reduce future allowable CO2 emissions
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL058352/abstract

Sea level in ocean reanalyses and tide gauges
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JC009365/abstract

Radiative forcing at high concentrations of well mixed greenhouse gases
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL058456/abstract

Decreasing growth rates possible for Asian tropical trees as a result of global warming
http://rd.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00442-013-2846-x

Can variable pH and low oxygen moderate ocean acidification outcomes for mussel larvae?
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12485/abstract

A spatial climatology of North Atlantic hurricane intensity change
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/joc.3884/abstract

Global-scale impacts of climate change on water resources and flooding (open access)
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-013-0948-4

Climate change response in Europe: what’s the reality?
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-013-0989-8

The relationship between air temperature fluctuation and Glacial Lake Outburst Floods in Tibet
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S104061821300904X

Less Reliable Water Availability in the 21st Century Climate Projections (open access)
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013EF000159/abstract

Rapid response of atmospheric black carbon to anthropogenic sources: observational evidence
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asl2.483/abstract

Warming feedback from mountain birch forest expansion: reduced albedo dominates carbon uptake
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12483/abstract

Tracing anthropogenic CO2 and CH4 emissions to fossil fuel and cement producers (open access)
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-013-0986-y

A Signal of Persistent Atlantic Multidecadal Variability in Arctic Sea Ice
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL058084/abstract

Diverse Coral Communities in Naturally Acidified Waters of a Western Pacific Reef
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL058489/abstract

Sea level rise and its coastal impacts (open access)
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013EF000188/abstract

Infrastructure and climate change in permafrost landscapes in Prudhoe Bay Oilfield, Alaska
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12500/abstract

New satellite temperature analysis shows stronger warming in the upper troposphere than in lower
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00382-013-2012-5

Climate change impacts on sea–air fluxes of CO2 in three Arctic seas (open access)
http://www.biogeosciences.net/10/8109/2013/bg-10-8109-2013.html

Hurricane winds over the North Atlantic: spatial analysis and sensitivity to ocean temperature
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11069-013-0985-3

Evaluation of drought and wetness episodes in a cold region (Northeast China) since 1898
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11069-013-0999-x

Policy support, social capital, and farmers’ adaptation to drought in China
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959378013002173

Material and social factors limit children’s ability to save energy
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421513010215

Arctic Ocean sea ice snow depth evaluation and bias sensitivity in CCSM (open access) http://www.the-cryosphere.net/7/1887/2013/tc-7-1887-2013.html

Climatic factors controlling plant sensitivity to warming
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-013-1010-2

Severe cloud contamination of MODIS Land Surface Temperatures over an Arctic ice cap, Svalbard
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0034425713004112

Radiative forcing of quadrupling CO2 http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00535.1

Earth’s climate may remain safe for at least another 1.5 billion years
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL058376/abstract

Direct measurements show no evidence of Gulf Stream slow-down
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL058636/abstract

Woody biomass energy potential in 2050
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421513011403

Too early nuclear phase-out primarily benefits fossil energy instead of renewable energy
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421513011427

Decadal prediction skill in the GEOS-5 forecast system
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00382-013-1858-x

Scandinavian floods: from past observations to future trends
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921818113002737

Climate and air quality trade-offs in altering ship fuel sulfur content (open access) http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/13/12059/2013/acp-13-12059-2013.html

Global and local surface temperature changes due to Holocene anthropogenic land cover change
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL058085/abstract

Isotropic Thaw Subsidence in Undisturbed Permafrost Landscapes
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL058295/abstract

Quantifying the global carbon cycle response to volcanic stratospheric aerosol radiative forcing
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JD019724/abstract

Stratospheric climate engineering stabilizing global temperatures and possible side effects
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asl2.481/abstract

Global sea level rise is accelerating http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921818113002750

10-year record of supraglacial lake evolution and rapid drainage in West Greenland (open access)
http://www.the-cryosphere.net/7/1869/2013/tc-7-1869-2013.html

US biofuels subsidies likely increased carbon emissions from 1981 to 2011
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421513011129

“Nuclear energy sounded wonderful 40 years ago”: UK citizen views on CCS
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421513011312

Detection of urbanization signals in extreme winter min temperature changes over Northern China
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-013-1013-z

Change in geographical distribution of global climate types in the context of climate warming
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00382-013-2019-y

Atlantic-Pacific seesaw and its role in outgassing CO2 during Heinrich events
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013PA002542/abstract

Natural and anthropogenic factors cause increased ocean acidification in California Undercurrent
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JC009299/abstract

Effects of upwelling increase on ocean acidification in the California and Canary Current Systems
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL058726/abstract

New Estimate of the China Temperature Anomaly Series and Uncertainty Assessment in 1900-2006
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JD020542/abstract

Trends in Summer Extreme Temperatures over the Iberian Peninsula using Non-Urban Station Data
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JD020590/abstract

Gradualist best practice in wind power policy
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0973082613000926

Global budget and radiative forcing of black carbon aerosol
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JD020824/abstract

Scenarios of technology adoption towards low-carbon cities
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421513010938

Climate, not forestry, controls long-term organic carbon fluxes in a large boreal watershed
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12491/abstract

Surface warming patterns drive tropical rainfall pattern responses to CO2 forcing on all timescales
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL058504/abstract

Climate change and health in Earth’s future (open access)
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013EF000177/abstract

The difficult, the dangerous & the catastrophic: Managing the spectrum of climate risks (open access)
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013EF000192/abstract

Multi-decadal regional sea level shifts in the Pacific over 1958-2008
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JC009297/abstract

Variability of winter wheat phenology in response to weather and climate variability in China
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11027-013-9531-6

Carbon balance impacts of land use changes related to Malaysian palm oil-derived biodiesel
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11367-013-0672-3

Bioenergy in energy transformation and climate management
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-013-0965-3

Recent climate changes over the Tibetan Plateau and their impacts on energy and water cycle
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921818113002713

Two papers of today’s new research batch were from AGU’s new journal Earth’s Future
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1002/(ISSN)2328-4277

Significant rate of increase in sea-level rise since 19th century in U.S. mid-Atlantic coast (OA)
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013EF000135/abstract

An international comparative analysis of public acceptance of nuclear energy
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421513011464

Climatology and trends of wind speed in the Beaufort/Chukchi Sea coastal region from 1979 to 2009
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/joc.3881/abstract

AMSU-A only atmospheric temperature records from the lower troposphere to the top of stratosphere
http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JTECH-D-13-00134.1

Global warming has not stopped; it is merely manifested in different ways (open access)
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013EF000165/abstract

Influence of model biases on projected future changes in tropical cyclone frequency of occurrence
http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00436.1

The cost of nuclear electricity: France after Fukushima
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421513011440

Impact of anthropogenic CO2 on the next glacial cycle http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-013-1012-0

Investigating the consistency between proxy-based reconstructions and climate models (open access)
http://www.clim-past.net/9/2741/2013/cp-9-2741-2013.html

Consistent Trends in a Modified Climate Extremes Index in the U.S.A., Europe and Australia
http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00783.1

CO2 equivalences for short-lived climate forcers http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-013-1014-y

Trends in Great Plains low-level jet and precipitation changes in relation to recent droughts
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL058296/abstract

Climate variability interacts with climate change in making plant migration more difficult
http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?fromPage=online&aid=9091895

The Palaeoanthropocene – the beginnings of anthropogenic environmental change
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2213305413000404

Hypogean carabid beetles as indicators of global warming? (open access) http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/8/4/044047

Demarketing fear: Bring the nuclear issue back to rational discourse
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S030142151300952X

The Antarctic sea ice response to the ozone hole in climate models
http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00590.1

Land use makes bio-based ethanol bad choice compared to fossil-based ethanol
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11367-013-0613-1

Hurricane Katrina of 1900: less damage than in 2005 – future Katrina: more damage
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-013-1011-1

Potential and limitations of bioenergy for low carbon transitions
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-013-0962-6

Changes in extreme wet events in Southwestern China in 1960–2011
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1040618213008896

The global distribution of mineral dust and its impacts on the climate system: A review
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169809513003281

Residents’ attitudes to proposed wind farms in the West Coast region of South Africa
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421513011117

Using phenology to assess urban heat islands in tropical and temperate regions
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/joc.3651/abstract

Serbian climate generally tended to become warmer in the last 61 years
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/joc.3652/abstract

Framing geoengineering as a response to dangerous climate change
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/wcc.263/abstract

Variability of freshwater content, heat content and seasonal ice melt in Arctic Ocean (open access)
http://www.ocean-sci.net/9/1015/2013/os-9-1015-2013.html

Does environmental regulation affect energy efficiency in China’s thermal power generation?
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421513010793

Opportunities and challenges of linking climate change adaptation with disaster risk reduction
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11069-013-0966-6

Snow variability in the Swiss Alps 1864–2009
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/joc.3653/abstract

Ocean acidification from 1997 to 2011 in the subarctic western North Pacific Ocean (open access)
http://www.biogeosciences.net/10/7817/2013/bg-10-7817-2013.html

Stable atmospheric methane in 2000s: key-role of emissions from natural wetlands (open access)
http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/13/11609/2013/acp-13-11609-2013.html

Greenland surface albedo changes in July 1981–2012 from satellite observations (open access)
http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/8/4/044043

Mongolian pines in Hulun Buir steppe, China, respond to climate in adjustment to local water supply
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00484-013-0767-3

Using event stratigraphy to map the Anthropocene
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2213305413000064

Changes in the spatial structure of strong and moderate El Niño events under global warming
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/joc.3876/abstract

Climate factors driving wine production in the Portuguese Minho region
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0168192313002839

Projected trends in mean, maximum, and minimum surface temperature in China
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921818113002695

Elemental carbon measurements in European Arctic snow packs
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JD019886/abstract

Bioprecipitation: a feedback cycle linking Earth history, ecosystem dynamics and land use
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12447/abstract

Projections of future drought and climate variability indicators for the Mediterranean region
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10113-013-0562-z

Venomous snakes and climate change: ophidism as a dynamic problem
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-013-1019-6

Influence of cloud-radiative forcing on tropical cyclone structure
http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JAS-D-13-0265.1

Adaptation of crop production to climate change by crop substitution
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11027-013-9528-1

Polar synchronization and the synchronized climatic history of Greenland and Antarctica
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277379113004198

A fertile peatland forest does not constitute a major greenhouse gas sink (open access)
http://www.biogeosciences.net/10/7739/2013/bg-10-7739-2013.html

Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation slowdown cooled the subtropical ocean (open access)
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL058464/abstract

Duration of the South America summer monsoon is increasing
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asl2.476/abstract

Adapting to climate change in South East Queensland, Australia (open access)
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10113-013-0505-8

The Younger Dryas impact hypothesis: a critical review
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277379113004332

Cars as rain gauges with windshield wipers or optical sensors as measurement devices (open access)
http://www.hydrol-earth-syst-sci.net/17/4701/2013/hess-17-4701-2013.html

Response of the ocean natural carbon storage to projected 21st century climate change
http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00343.1

Projected Tasman Sea extremes in sea surface temperature through the 21st Century
http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00259.1

Global stratospheric ozone climatology (open access) http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/13/11441/2013/acp-13-11441-2013.html

Recent variability of the tropical tropopause inversion layer
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL058350/abstract

World drought frequency, duration, and severity for 1951–2010
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/joc.3875/abstract

Thermal optima of equatorial reef fishes are close to current temperatures
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12455/abstract

Energy balance in a warm world without the ocean conveyor belt and sea ice
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL058123/abstract

Long-lived greenhouse gases as control knob that governs the global surface temperature
http://www.tellusb.net/index.php/tellusb/article/view/19734

Frost flower aerosol effects on Arctic wintertime longwave cloud radiative forcing
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JD020554/abstract

Utilization of waste coral for biodiesel production http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs13762-013-0416-8

Increasing temperatures reduce activity patterns of large commercially important coral reef fish
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12452/abstract

Chronic nutrient enrichment increases prevalence and severity of coral disease and bleaching
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12450/abstract

+ to – shift in growth response to warming coincides with clearcut harvesting in U.S. red spruce forest
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1125786513000945

Daily min and max temperatures & diurnal temp. range in Lithuania, Latvia & Estonia in 1951–2010
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00704-013-1041-7

Patterns in CH4 and CO2 concentrations across boreal rivers
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12479/abstract

Temperature trends in the mid latitude summer mesosphere
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JD020576/abstract

Summer melt regulates winter glacier flow speeds throughout Alaska
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL058228/abstract

The impact of volcanic eruptions in the period 2000–2013 on global mean temperature trends
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/asl2.471/abstract

The deep permafrost carbon pool of the Yedoma region in Siberia and Alaska
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL058088/abstract

Expert assessment of sea-level rise by AD 2100 and AD 2300
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277379113004381

Ebullition and storm-induced methane release from the East Siberian Arctic Shelf
http://www.nature.com/ngeo/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/ngeo2007.html

Warming early Mars with CO2 and H2 http://www.nature.com/ngeo/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/ngeo2000.html

Estimating global ocean heat content changes in the upper 1800 m since 1950
http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00752.1

How fast are the tropics expanding? http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00287.1

Trends and variability of temperature extremes in the tropical Western Pacific
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/joc.3861/abstract

Habitat traits & food availability determine response of marine invertebrates to ocean acidification
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12478/abstract

Drastic reduction in habitats for alpine vegetation in Pyrenees due to climate change
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10113-013-0427-5

Projected climate regime shift under future global warming
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921818113002403

Glaciers and ice caps: Vulnerable water resources in a warming climate
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877343513001516

Climate change alters ecological strategies of soil bacteria
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ele.12206/abstract

Vulnerability of dynamic genetic conservation units of forest trees in Europe to climate change
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12476/abstract

Adaptation of Iranian farmers to climate variability and change
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10113-013-0558-8

A 2 million year glacial chronology of the Hatherton Glacier, Antarctica
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277379113004289

Estimating tropical cyclone damages under climate change in the Southern Hemisphere
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10640-013-9744-x

Decadal warming of coastal China Seas and coupling with winter monsoon and currents
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL058202/abstract

Model support for forcing of the 8.2 ka event by meltwater from the Hudson Bay ice dome
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00382-013-1706-z

Climate change research and policy in Portugal
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/wcc.258/abstract

Revisit to atmospheric oscillations over global oceans
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/joc.3870/abstract

The spatiotemporal pattern of the Majiayao cultural evolution and its relation to climate change
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1040618213004370

How do weather characteristics change in a warming climate?
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00382-013-1795-8

Real-time multi-model decadal climate predictions http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00382-012-1600-0

Intercomparison between observed and simulated variability in global ocean heat content
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00382-012-1554-2

Changes in weather conditions caused Antarctic sea ice record extent in 2012
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL058371/abstract

Implications of sea-level rise and extreme events around Europe: coastal energy infrastructure
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-013-0996-9

Predicting the sensitivity of butterfly phenology to temperature over the past century
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12429/abstract

A short history of ocean acidification science in the 20th century: a chemist’s view (open access)
http://www.biogeosciences.net/10/7411/2013/bg-10-7411-2013.html

Anthropogenic and natural causes of climate change http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-013-1007-x

Climatic Change special issue: Geoengineering Research and its Limitations (mostly open access)
http://link.springer.com/journal/10584/121/3/page/1

Satellite-based estimates of Antarctic surface meltwater fluxes
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL058138/abstract

Agroforestry solutions to address food security and climate change challenges in Africa
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877343513001449

Was there a ‘4.2 ka event’ in Great Britain and Ireland?
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277379113004186

Using atmospheric reanalyses to evaluate the warming structure in the Arctic (open access)
http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/13/11209/2013/acp-13-11209-2013.html

Tradeoffs between global warming and day length on start of carbon uptake period (open access)
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL058182/abstract

Estimates of the Southern Ocean General Circulation Improved by Animal-Borne Instruments
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL058304/abstract

Wave climate and trends for the Gulf of Mexico: A 30 year wave hindcast
http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00206.1

Rainfall variations in south-eastern Australia part 1:
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/joc.3640/abstract Part 2:
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/joc.3639/abstract

Methodology in qualitative climate change research published in Global Environmental Change since 2000
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959378013001908

Dynamical downscaling of climate change in Central Asia
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921818113001331

Ground-penetrating radar measurements of 64 Austrian glaciers between 1995 and 2010
http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/igsoc/agl/2013/00000054/00000064/art00022

High-resolution glacial and deglacial record of atmospheric methane (open access) http://www.clim-past.net/9/2579/2013/cp-9-2579-2013.html

IPCC “very likely” statement is robust under different characterizations of internal variability
http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00622.1

Modeling obliquity and CO2 effects on Southern Hemisphere climate during the past 408 ka
http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00311.1

Trend in Arctic sea ice is clearly evident in time series of reflected shortwave radiation
http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00411.1

Arctic Ocean glacial history http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277379113002989

The influence of political ideology on trust in science (open access) http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/8/4/044029

Land use change emissions from oil palm expansion in Pará, Brazil (open access)
http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/8/4/044031

Economic and health benefits of the co-reduction of air pollutants and greenhouse gases
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11027-012-9413-3

Recent extreme light sea ice years in the Canadian Arctic Archipelago (open access) http://www.the-cryosphere.net/7/1753/2013/tc-7-1753-2013.html

Opportunities and applications of dendrochronology in Africa
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877343513001413

Palaeo-CO2 variation trends and the Cretaceous greenhouse climate
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0012825213001888

Accelerating carbon uptake in the Northern Hemisphere (open access)
http://www.tellusb.net/index.php/tellusb/article/view/20334

Weather, Climate, and the Economy: Explaining Risk Perceptions of Global Warming, 2001-2010
http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/WCAS-D-13-00029.1

Poleward shift and change of frontal activity in the Southern Hemisphere over the last 40 years
http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JAS-D-13-0105.1

Fail-safe solar radiation management geoengineering http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11027-012-9414-2

Global Sea Level Trend during 1993-2012
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921818113002397

Climate impact potential of utilizing forest residues for bioenergy in Norway
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11027-012-9409-z

Global and Planetary Change special issue: Water in Central Asia – Perspectives under global change
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/09218181/110/supp/PA

Emissions of air pollutants and greenhouse gases over Asian regions during 2000–2008 (open access)
http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/13/11019/2013/acp-13-11019-2013.html

Tropical biases in CMIP5 multi-model ensemble http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00337.1

Quality controlled ocean temperature and salinity profiles and monthly objective analyses
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JC009067/abstract

Continued slowing of the Ross Ice Shelf and thickening of West Antarctic ice streams
http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/igsoc/jog/2013/00000059/00000217/art00003

Effects of country-level population policy for enhancing adaptation to climate change (open access)
http://www.hydrol-earth-syst-sci.net/17/4429/2013/hess-17-4429-2013.html

Indications of a climate effect on Mediterranean fisheries
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-013-0972-4

The influence of tropical cyclones on heatwaves in Southeastern Australia
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL058257/abstract

Uncertainty in Annual Rankings from NOAA’s Global Temperature Time Series
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL057999/abstract

Break-up of the Larsen B Ice Shelf Triggered by Chain-Reaction Drainage of Supraglacial Lakes
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL057694/abstract

Coverage bias in the HadCRUT4 temperature series and its impact on recent temperature trends
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/qj.2297/abstract

Communication strategies for earning trust in climate change debates
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/wcc.262/abstract

Subglacial lakes and meltwater pathways beneath the Antarctic and Greenland ice sheets (open access)
http://www.the-cryosphere.net/7/1721/2013/tc-7-1721-2013.html

Nitrogen deposition: how important is it for global terrestrial carbon uptake? (open access)
http://www.biogeosciences.net/10/7147/2013/bg-10-7147-2013.html

Middle to late Miocene stepwise climate cooling
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013PA002538/abstract

Characterization of double diffusive convection steps and heat budget in the deep Arctic Ocean
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JC009141/abstract

Statistically derived contributions of human influences to 20th-century temperature changes
http://www.nature.com/ngeo/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/ngeo1999.html

Impacts of global change on southern African water resources systems
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877343513001322

Are sustainable cities “happy” cities? In a new study, answer is yes
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10668-013-9499-0

From projected species distribution to food-web structure under climate change
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12467/abstract

Statistical analysis of the temperature records for the Northern Territory of Australia
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00704-013-0859-3

The role of sea ice in the temperature-precipitation feedback of glacial cycles
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00382-013-1990-7

Increase of storm related loss events can be expected within the next decades in Germany
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00704-013-0843-y

Meteorologists’ views about global warming: A survey of AMS professional members (open access)
http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00091.1

Clouds in Weather and Climate: What Do We Know and What Do We Still Need to Know? (open access)
http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00138.1

Intrusion of warm surface water beneath the McMurdo Ice Shelf, Antarctica
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JC008842/abstract

Modeling biomass burning and related carbon emissions during the 21st century in Europe
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JG002444/abstract

Himalayan ice core CH4 record: possible hints at preindustrial latitudinal gradient (open access)
http://www.clim-past.net/9/2549/2013/cp-9-2549-2013.html

Worldwide impacts of climate change on energy for heating and cooling
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11027-013-9522-7

Impact of climate change on agriculture in Northern Norway and potential strategies for adaptation
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-013-0983-1

The effect of African growth on future global energy, emissions, and regional development
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-013-0964-4

A review of uncertainty in in situ measurements and data sets of sea-surface temperature
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013RG000434/abstract

Robust increase in equilibrium climate sensitivity under global warming (open access)
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL058118/abstract

Arctic Ocean circulation patterns revealed by GRACE http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00013.1

Sudden deep gas eruption nearby Rome’s airport of Fiumicino
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL058132/abstract

Climatology of tornadic activity over Greece based on historical records
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/joc.3857/abstract

Projected effects of declining aerosols in RCP4.5: unmasking global warming? (open access)
http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/13/10883/2013/acp-13-10883-2013.html

Ocean acidification in the three oceans surrounding northern North America
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JC009157/abstract

Solar & cosmic ray contribution to 20th century warming is less than 10% (open access)
http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/8/4/045022

North–south asymmetry in modeled phytoplankton community response to climate change
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GB004599/abstract

The long-term variability of atmospheric ozone from 50-yr observations in Poland (open access)
http://www.tellusb.net/index.php/tellusb/article/view/21779

Decadal windstorm activity in the North Atlantic-European sector (open access)
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00382-013-1975-6

A brief history of ice core science over the last 50 yr (open access) http://www.clim-past.net/9/2525/2013/cp-9-2525-2013.html

Arctic Sea Ice Conditions in Spring 2009 – 2013 Prior to Melt (open access)
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL058011/abstract

Negative effects of ocean acidification on two crustose coralline species
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0141113613001906

Climate variability recurrent mode effect on winter/summer extreme temperatures over N America
http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00068.1

Where to find 1.5 million yr old ice for the IPICS “Oldest-Ice” ice core (open access) http://www.clim-past.net/9/2489/2013/cp-9-2489-2013.html

Lagged Response to 11-year solar cycle in observed winter Atlantic/European weather patterns
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JD020062/abstract

Asymmetric effect of beliefs about global warming on perceptions of local climate in the U.S.
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959378013001660

The extent of permafrost in China during the local Last Glacial Maximum
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/bor.12049/abstract

More signs of stratospheric ozone recovery (open access) http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/13/10645/2013/acp-13-10645-2013.html

Serial clustering of extratropical cyclones over N Atlantic & Europe under recent and future climate
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JD020564/abstract

Climate change: an amplifier of existing health risks in developing countries
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10668-013-9450-4

Solar cookers in developing countries—What is their key to success?
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421513008793

Retrieving cloud albedo and fraction from surface-based SW radiation measurements (open access)
http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/8/4/044023

Improved assessment of gross and net primary productivity of Canada’s landmass
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JG002388/abstract

Potential impact of changes in lower stratospheric water vapour on stratospheric temperatures
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/qj.2287/abstract

Lessons from 1G biofuels and implications for sustainability appraisal of 2G biofuels
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421513008264

Biological proxies recorded in a Belukha ice core, Russian Altai (open access) http://www.clim-past.net/9/2399/2013/cp-9-2399-2013.html

High levels of ultraviolet radiation observed below the 2011 Arctic ozone hole (open access)
http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/13/10573/2013/acp-13-10573-2013.html

A note on the stability indicator of Atlantic meridional overturning circulation
http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00181.1

Quantifying CO2 savings from wind power
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421513007829

Home energy management system benefits do not always outweigh their environmental costs
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0301421513009658

Global energy security under different climate policies, GDP growth rates and fossil resources
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-013-0950-x

Calcification responses of symbiotic and aposymbiotic corals to ocean acidification (open access)
http://www.biogeosciences.net/10/6807/2013/bg-10-6807-2013.html

A trend analysis of the 1930-2010 extreme heat events in the continental U.S.
http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JAMC-D-13-071.1

Climate change and water security: challenges for adaptive water management
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877343513001309

Spatiotemporal changes of global extreme temperature events since 1981 and meteorological causes
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11069-013-0856-y

Circumpolar assessment of permafrost C quality and its vulnerability over time
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12417/abstract

Towards a diagnostic approach to climate adaptation for fisheries
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-013-0984-0

A framework for testing the ability of models to project climate change and its impacts
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-013-0990-2

Intense atmospheric pollution modifies weather in eastern China (open access) http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/13/10545/2013/acp-13-10545-2013.html

Improved forecast skill in the tropics in the new MiKlip decadal climate predictions
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL058051/abstract

From silk to satellite: half a century of ocean colour anomalies in the Northeast Atlantic
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12457/abstract

Comparison of NCEP/NCAR & ERA-40 total cloud cover with surface observations over Tibetan Plateau
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/joc.3852/abstract

Projecting the impacts of climate change on skipjack tuna abundance and spatial distribution
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12460/abstract

Assessment of carbon stores in tree biomass for two management scenarios in Russia (open access)
http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/8/4/045019

Female farmers in Nevada hold more accurate knowledge about climate change than males
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-013-0979-x

No effect on diurnal temperature range from cosmic rays (open access) http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/8/4/045018

Satellite altimetry, Argo, and operational oceanography: 3 revolutions in oceanography (open access)
http://www.ocean-sci.net/9/901/2013/os-9-901-2013.html

Tree rings as biosensor to detect leakage of subsurface fossil CO2
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1750583613003514

Quantifying global climate feedbacks, responses and forcing under abrupt and gradual CO2 forcing
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00382-013-1677-0

Evidence for cosmic ray modulation in temperature records S Atlantic (open access) http://www.ann-geophys.net/31/1833/2013/angeo-31-1833-2013.html

How temperature, precipitation and stand age control biomass carbon density of global mature forests
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/geb.12113/abstract

Assessing flood risk at the global scale: model setup, results, and sensitivity (open access)
http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/8/4/044019

Past millennial solar forcing magnitude (open access) http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00382-012-1526-6

Climate feedback efficiency and synergy (open access) http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00382-013-1808-7

How does climate sensitivity vary with the magnitude of climate forcing?
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL056755/abstract

Influence of Arctic sea ice on European summer precipitation (open access + video abstract)
http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/8/4/044015

A multi-model analysis of risk of ecosystem shifts under climate change (open access)
http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/8/4/044018

Evidence for multiple stressor interactions and effects on coral reefs
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12453/abstract

Estimation of extreme sea levels over the Eastern Continental Shelf of North America
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JC009160/abstract

How much climate change can pastoral livelihoods tolerate?
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959378013001611

Loss and damage from climate change: local–level evidence from nine vulnerable countries
http://inderscience.metapress.com/content/r44457133431414g/

Of solar collectors, wind power, and car sharing: successful cases of grassroots innovations
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959378012001471

A fresh look at livestock greenhouse gas emissions and mitigation potential in Europe
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12454/abstract

Widespread sea-water freshening off the Adélie Land Coast, Antarctica, from 1994 to 2012
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JC009009/abstract

On the misinterpretation of the North Atlantic Oscillation in CMIP5 models
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00382-013-1970-y

Assessing the vulnerability of wind energy to climate change and extreme events
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-013-0889-y

Recent cold season warming unprecedented in European Alps in last 1000 yr, cause = GHG forcing
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277379113003958

Climate change in the Tibetan Plateau Three Rivers Source Region: 1960–2009
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/joc.3642/abstract

Global streamflow and thermal habitats of freshwater fishes under climate change
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-013-0976-0

Global atmospheric carbon budget (open access) http://www.biogeosciences.net/10/6699/2013/bg-10-6699-2013.html

Review of perceptions and use of weather and climate information in agricultural decision making
http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/WCAS-D-12-00062.1

Economic impact of extreme sea-level rise: Ice sheet vulnerability and social cost of CO2
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S095937801300157X

The Fatter the Tail, the Fatter the Climate Agreement http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10640-013-9642-2

Spring onset variations and trends in the continental United States
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/joc.3625/abstract

Severity, duration and frequency of drought in SE England from 1697 to 2011
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-013-0970-6

Global changes in dryland vegetation dynamics (1988–2008) (open access)
http://www.biogeosciences.net/10/6657/2013/bg-10-6657-2013.html

Climate Influences on Meningitis Incidence in Northwest Nigeria
http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/WCAS-D-13-00004.1

An Observationally Based Constraint on the Water-Vapor Feedback
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JD020184/abstract

International trade undermines national emission reduction targets: New evidence from air pollution
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S095937801300160X

Changes in surface shortwave solar irradiance from 1993 to 2011 at Thessaloniki (Greece)
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/joc.3636/abstract

Sea-level change during last 2500 years in New Jersey, USA – currently most rapid period of SLR
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277379113003740

Divergent responses of fire to recent warming and drying across south-eastern Australia
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12449/abstract

New Eurasian Arctic ice core: unprecedented early 20th century warming, no pronounced MCA or LIA (OA)
http://www.clim-past.net/9/2379/2013/cp-9-2379-2013.html

Estimating Global Black Carbon Emissions (open access)
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JD019912/abstract

Multi-decadal degradation and persistence of permafrost in NW Canada (open access)
http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/8/4/045013

Uncertainty Estimates of the EOF-derived North Atlantic Oscillation
http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00230.1

New zealand 20th century sea level rise http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JC008867/abstract

Unprecedented recent summer warmth in Arctic Canada
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL057188/abstract

What is climate change scepticism? Mixed methods study of the UK public
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959378013001477

Geometric dependency of Tibetan lakes on glacial runoff (open access) http://www.hydrol-earth-syst-sci.net/17/4061/2013/hess-17-4061-2013.html

Coral reefs have no long-term refugia from the effects of both acidification and bleaching
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12394/abstract

Global fossil energy markets and climate change mitigation
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-013-0901-6

IPCC CMIP5 simulations compared to observations, reanalyses and CMIP3 (open access) http://www.geosci-model-dev.net/6/1705/2013/gmd-6-1705-2013.html

Climate change hotspots over South America http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00704-013-1030-x

Interpreting observed northern hemisphere snow trends with large ensembles of climate simulations
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00382-013-1954-y

Autumn warming reduces the CO2 sink of a black spruce forest in interior Alaska
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12434/abstract

Climate change and visual imagery http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/wcc.249/abstract

Can temperature extremes in China be calculated from reanalysis?
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921818113002221

Alleviating barriers to urban climate change adaptation through international cooperation
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959378013001556

Increases in disturbance and reductions in habitat size interact to suppress predator body size
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12441/abstract

The geography of global urban greenhouse gas emissions: an exploratory analysis
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-013-0977-z

Using ice-flow models to evaluate potential sites of million year-old ice in Antarctica (full access)
http://www.clim-past.net/9/2335/2013/cp-9-2335-2013.html

Storm track shifts under climate change: what can be learned from large-scale dry dynamics
http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00404.1

Observation errors in early historical upper-air observations
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013JD020156/abstract

Preindustrial Human Impacts on Global and Regional Environment
http://www.annualreviews.org/doi/abs/10.1146/annurev-environ-032012-095147

New assessment supports predictions of potential savannification in the southeastern US
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12425/abstract

Climate, conflict, and social stability: what does the evidence say? (open access)
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-013-0868-3

Limited oil resources induce the use of dirty bioenergy
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-013-0923-0

Not all sponges will thrive in a high-CO2 ocean
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0031018213004604

End-Permian mass extinction rate of CO2 addition was likely small compared with modern situation
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0031018213003969

Microhabitats reduce animal’s exposure to climate extremes
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12439/abstract

Future CH4 emissions from W Siberia permafrost might be less than previously estimated (open access)
http://www.biogeosciences.net/10/6559/2013/bg-10-6559-2013.html

Changes in the Arctic Ocean CO2 sink http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2012GB004491/abstract

Biochar effect to albedo reduces the benefits from avoided CO2 emissions (open access)
http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/8/4/044008

Positive feedback between cloudiness and the Siberian High (open access) http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/8/4/045012

Mixed-phase clouds cause climate model biases in Arctic wintertime temperature inversions
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00382-013-1964-9

Plant responses to elevated temperatures (open access)
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12430/abstract

Air–sea exchanges of CO2 in the world’s coastal seas (open access)
http://www.biogeosciences.net/10/6509/2013/bg-10-6509-2013.html

Rainfall and temperature estimation for a data sparse region (open access) http://www.hydrol-earth-syst-sci.net/17/3937/2013/hess-17-3937-2013.html

Causes of Greenland temperature variability over the past 4000 yr (open access) http://www.clim-past.net/9/2299/2013/cp-9-2299-2013.html

Will wind&solar come to rescue of looming capacity gap from nuclear phase-out or slow CCS start-up?
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-013-0963-5

Quaternary Science Reviews has special issue on past sea ice reconstructions
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/02773791/79/supp/C

Expansion of global drylands under a warming climate (open access) http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/13/10081/2013/acp-13-10081-2013.html

Link between Antarctic ozone depletion and summer warming over southern Africa
http://www.nature.com/ngeo/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/ngeo1968.html

Economic vulnerability to Peak Oil http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959378013001544

Climate change and Australia http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/wcc.255/abstract

Effects of missing values on the calculation of monthly temperature indices
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00704-013-1024-8

Climate science in climate security scenarios http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-013-0945-7

A global analysis of the impact of drought on net primary productivity (open access) http://www.hydrol-earth-syst-sci.net/17/3885/2013/hess-17-3885-2013.html

Detecting and responding to climate change (open access)
http://www.tellusb.net/index.php/tellusb/article/view/20088

Interactive impacts of global dimming and warming on wheat yield and water use in China
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S016819231300186X

A vital link: water and vegetation in the Anthropocene (open access) http://www.hydrol-earth-syst-sci.net/17/3841/2013/hess-17-3841-2013.html

Attributing intensification of precipitation extremes to human influence (open access)
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/grl.51010/abstract

Last Interview with Professor Edward Lorenz? (open access)
http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00096.1

Why could ice ages be unpredictable? (open access) http://www.clim-past.net/9/2253/2013/cp-9-2253-2013.html

Global warming enhances sulphide stress in a key seagrass species (NW Mediterranean)
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12377/abstract

Integrated economic and climate projections for impact assessment (open access)
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-013-0892-3

Implications of weak near-term climate policies on long-term mitigation pathways
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-013-0899-9

Subsurface release and transport of dissolved C in discontinuous permafrost region (open access)
http://www.hydrol-earth-syst-sci.net/17/3827/2013/hess-17-3827-2013.html

Reversing climate warming by artificial atmospheric carbon-dioxide removal (open access)
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/2013GL057467/abstract

Chinese Himalayas have been warming during 1971-2007
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/joc.3609/abstract

Extreme rain events have become more common over Europe
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/joc.3619/abstract

Witnessing North Atlantic westerlies variability from ships’ logbooks (1685–2008)
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00382-013-1957-8

Philippines have been wetting during wet season and drying during dry season
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169809513002731

Activity restriction and the mechanistic basis for extinctions under climate warming
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ele.12192/abstract

The value of bioenergy in low stabilization scenarios http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-013-0940-z

Uncertainty of AMSU-A temperature trends in relationship with clouds and precipitation over ocean
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00382-013-1958-7

Rapid rise in Effective Sea-Level in southwest Bangladesh: Its causes and contemporary rates
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921818113002191

Compensation of hemispheric albedo asymmetries by shifts of the ITCZ and tropical clouds
http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00205.1

Evidence from ice shelves for channelized meltwater flow beneath the Antarctic Ice Sheet
http://www.nature.com/ngeo/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/ngeo1977.html

Elevation-induced climate change as dominant factor in late Miocene C4 plant expansion in Himalaya
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12426/abstract

Greenhouse gas-related predictability of regional climate model trends in the Mediterranean area
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/joc.3838/abstract

Conservative Protestantism and skepticism of scientists studying climate change
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-013-0946-6

Generation of a time-consistent land surface temperature product from MODIS data
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0034425713003064

Re-greening Sahel: 30 years of remote sensing data and field observations
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0034425713003325

Holocene flood frequency across the Central Alps
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0277379113003387

N Atlantic SST anomalies and cold N European weather events of winter 2009/10 and December 2010
http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/MWR-D-13-00104.1

Explaining Extreme Events of 2012 from a Climate Perspective (open access)
http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/BAMS-D-13-00085.1

Hydrological Impact of Geoengineering by solar radiation management
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jgrd.50868/abstract

Pan-Arctic land–atmosphere CH4 and CO2 fluxes in response to climate change over 21st century (OA)
http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/8/4/045003

N Atlantic summer storm track variability: mechanisms & impacts on European climate (open access)
http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/8/3/034037

Sea-level scenarios for evaluating coastal impacts
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/wcc.253/abstract

NIMBYism revisited: public acceptance of wind energy in the United States
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/wcc.250/abstract

Beating a dead horse: no evidence for cosmic ray-climate connection in new study
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/grl.50996/abstract

More rain is projected for East Asia during 21st century
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jgrd.50877/abstract

The expanding tropics: a critical assessment of the observational and modeling studies
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/wcc.251/abstract

Community composition has greater impact on marine phytoplankton functioning than acidification
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12421/abstract

Interactions between CO2, climate, weathering, and Antarctic ice sheet in the earliest Oligocene
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921818113002129

Global glacier changes: assessment of committed mass losses and sampling uncertainties (open access)
http://www.the-cryosphere.net/7/1565/2013/tc-7-1565-2013.html

Public perception of climate change in China: results from the questionnaire survey
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11069-013-0711-1

Evaluating the Tropical Forest Carbon Sink http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12423/abstract

Intensification of decadal sea level variability in western tropical Pacific in recent decades
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00382-013-1951-1

Halving global GHG emissions by 2050 without depending on nuclear and CCS (open access)
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-013-0942-x

Climate change has great impacts on glaciers and glacier lakes on the central Tibetan Plateau
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921818113002117

The response of calcifying plankton to climate change in the Pliocene (open access)
http://www.biogeosciences.net/10/6131/2013/bg-10-6131-2013.html

Narratives Can Motivate Environmental Action: The Whiskey Creek Ocean Acidification Story
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs13280-013-0442-2

Predicting evolutionary responses to climate change in the sea (open access)
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ele.12185/abstract

Impact of mountain pine beetle outbreaks on forest albedo and radiative forcing
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jgrg.20120/abstract

Irukandji jellyfish polyps exhibit tolerance to interacting climate change stressors
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12408/abstract

Global historical ozone data set and prominent features of stratospheric variability pre-1979 (OA)
http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/13/9623/2013/acp-13-9623-2013.html

Response of methane hydrate beneath seabed offshore Svalbard to ocean warming during next 300 yr
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/grl.50985/abstract

Pace of warming following an abrupt increase in atmospheric CO2 concentration (open access)
http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/8/3/034039

Forecast of Icing Events at a Wind Farm in Sweden http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JAMC-D-13-09.1

Cloud radiative forcing of the diurnal cycle climate of the Canadian Prairies
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jgrd.50593/abstract

Reasons for inconsistencies between modeled and observed temperatures in tropical troposphere
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/grl.50646/abstract

The Impact of Climate Change on Food Production in the United Kingdom
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10640-013-9663-x

Hurricane wind risk in Louisiana http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11069-013-0869-6

Economic growth and sustainable development possible while reducing GHG emissions (open access)
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10113-013-0405-y

Climate change, temperature rise, and heat-related mortality in the Greater Beirut Area
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10113-013-0415-9

Observational and model estimates of cloud amount feedback over the Indian and Pacific Oceans
http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00165.1

Satellite-based reconstruction of the tropical oceanic clear sky outgoing longwave radiation
http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00047.1

Combined inequality in wealth and risk leads to disaster in the climate change game
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-013-0856-7

Climate change and road freight safety: a multidisciplinary exploration
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-013-0836-y

The effect of aerosols on long wave radiation and global warming
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0169809513002354

Ocean-glint scattered sunlight as diagnostic tool for satellite remote sensing of GHGs (open access)
http://www.atmos-meas-tech.net/6/2509/2013/amt-6-2509-2013.html

Effective lifetime of CO2 decreases as its atmospheric concentration increases (open access)
http://www.ann-geophys.net/31/1591/2013/angeo-31-1591-2013.html

Multi-decadal ENSO amplitude variability in a 1000-year simulation
http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00281.1

Pine Island glacier ice shelf melt distributed at kilometre scales (open access) http://www.the-cryosphere.net/7/1543/2013/tc-7-1543-2013.html

Covariation of NH summertime CO2 with surface temperature in boreal regions (open access)
http://www.atmos-chem-phys.net/13/9447/2013/acp-13-9447-2013.html

Multidecadal oscillatory behaviour of rainfall extremes in Europe (open access)
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-013-0837-x

Assessment of the climate preparedness of 30 urban areas in the UK
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-013-0846-9

Recent, very rapid retreat of a temperate glacier in SE Iceland (open access)
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/bor.12014/abstract

Explanation for difference between 20th and 21st century land–sea warming ratio in climate models
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00382-013-1664-5

Mutualism fails when climate response differs between interacting species
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12407/abstract

Assessing suitability of apple cultivation under climate change in mountain regions of west Nepal
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10113-013-0531-6

Eight years of forest-floor CO2 exchange in a boreal black spruce forest
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0168192313002177

New Antarctic ice sheet mass balance estimate is less negative than previous GRACE estimates (OA)
http://www.the-cryosphere.net/7/1499/2013/tc-7-1499-2013.html

Variability and predictability of Northeast China climate during 1948–2012
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00382-013-1944-0

Productivity of rainfed wheat as affected by climate change scenario in NE Punjab, India
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10113-013-0412-z

On the nature of barriers to climate change adaptation
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10113-013-0421-y

Glacier area in the Cordillera Blanca, Peru decreased by 25% from 1987 to 2010
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0034425713002848

Increasing glacier equilibrium-line altitude in the western Alps from 1984 to 2010 (open access)
http://www.the-cryosphere.net/7/1455/2013/tc-7-1455-2013.html

“Natural cycles” in lay understandings of climate change
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959378013001088

Effect of rate of change, variability, & extreme events on pace of adaptation to changing climate
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-013-0876-3

Scatter of mass changes estimates at basin scale for Greenland and Antarctica (open access)
http://www.the-cryosphere.net/7/1411/2013/tc-7-1411-2013.html

Evidence of meltwater retention within the Greenland ice sheet (open access) http://www.the-cryosphere.net/7/1433/2013/tc-7-1433-2013.html

Spatial and seasonal variations in evapotranspiration over Canada’s landmass (open access)
http://www.hydrol-earth-syst-sci.net/17/3561/2013/hess-17-3561-2013.html

There is not much empirical evidence that links GCR to the recent global warming (open access)
http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/8/3/035049

Adapting to climate change: assessing the vulnerability of ecosystem services in Europe
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11027-013-9507-6

Assessment of thermal bioclimate and tourism climate potential for central Europe (Luxembourg)
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00704-013-0835-y

Climate change impact on countrywide water balance in Bolivia
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10113-013-0534-3

Response of diatoms and silicoflagellates to climate change and warming in the California Current
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1040618212004764

Global Analysis of Erosion of Sandy Beaches and Sea-level Rise
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921818113002026

Three decades of global methane sources and sinks
http://www.nature.com/ngeo/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/ngeo1955.html

Moose reacts to high summer temperatures by utilising thermal shelters in boreal forests
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/gcb.12405/abstract

Growth rate and climate responses of Pinus pinea in Italian coastal stands over the last century
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10584-013-0933-y

On the subarctic North Atlantic cooling due to global warming
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00704-012-0805-9

Delayed Southern Hemisphere climate change induced by stratospheric ozone recovery
http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JCLI-D-13-00246.1

Time-varying biases in U.S. total cloud cover data http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/JTECH-D-13-00026.1

A quantitative analysis of the causes of the global climate change research distribution
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0959378013001489

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IPCC AR5 references – WG1 Chapter 3, Observations: Ocean

Posted by Ari Jokimäki on December 12, 2013

IPCC reports have extensive reference lists but unfortunately they don’t include direct links to papers. Below are the references in IPCC AR5 WG1 Chapter 3, observations: oceans, with links to abstract pages and full texts where available.

Abeysirigunawardena, D. S., and I. J. Walker, 2008: Sea Level Responses to Climatic Variability and Change in Northern British Columbia. Atmosphere-Ocean, 46, 277-296.

Ablain, M., A. Cazenave, S. Guinehut, and G. Valladeau, 2009: A new assessment of global mean sea level from altimeters highlights a reduction of global slope from 2005 to 2008 in agreement with in-situ measurements. Ocean Sciences, 5, 193 – 201. [FULL TEXT]

Alory, G., S. Wijffels, and G. Meyers, 2007: Observed temperature trends in the Indian Ocean over 1960-1999 and associated mechanisms. Geophysical Research Letters, 34, L02606.

Álvarez, M., T. Tanhua, H. Brix, C. Lo Monaco, N. Metzl, E. L. McDonagh, and H. L. Bryden, 2011: Decadal biogeochemical changes in the subtropical Indian Ocean associated with Subantarctic Mode Water. Journal of
Geophysical Research-Oceans, 116, C09016. [FULL TEXT]

Andersson, A., C. Klepp, K. Fennig, S. Bakan, H. Grassl, and J. Schulz, 2011: Evaluation of HOAPS-3 Ocean Surface Freshwater Flux Components. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 50, 379-398.

Antonov, J. I., et al., 2010: World Ocean Atlas 2009, Volume 2: Salinity, NOAA Atlas NESDIS 68. U.S. Gov. Printing Office, Wash., D.C., USA, 184 pp.

Aoki, S., S. R. Rintoul, S. Ushio, S. Watanabe, and N. L. Bindoff, 2005: Freshening of the Adelie Land Bottom Water near 140°E. Geophysical Research Letters, 32, L23601.

Ballantyne, A. P., C. B. Alden, J. B. Miller, P. P. Tans, and J. W. C. White, 2012: Increase in observed net carbon dioxide uptake by land and oceans during the past 50 years. Nature, 488, 70-72. [FULL TEXT]

Barker, P. M., J. R. Dunn, C. M. Domingues, and S. E. Wijffels, 2011: Pressure sensor drifts in Argo and their impacts. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 28, 1036-1049.

Bates, N. R., 2007: Interannual variability of the oceanic CO2 sink in the subtropical gyre of the North Atlantic Ocean over the last 2 decades. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 112, C09013.

Bates, N. R., 2012: Multi-decadal uptake of carbon dioxide into subtropical mode water of the North Atlantic Ocean. Biogeosciences, 9, 2649-2659. [FULL TEXT]

Beckley, B. D., et al., 2010: Assessment of the Jason-2 extension to the TOPEX/Poseidon, Jason-1 sea-surface height time series for global mean sea level monitoring. Marine Geodesy, 33, 447-471.

Beltrami, H., J. E. Smerdon, H. N. Pollack, and S. P. Huang, 2002: Continental heat gain in the global climate system. Geophysical Research Letters, 29, 3. [FULL TEXT]

Bersch, M., I. Yashayaev, and K. P. Koltermann, 2007: Recent changes of the thermohaline circulation in the subpolar North Atlantic. Ocean Dynamics, 57, 223-235.

Bindoff, N. L., and T. J. McDougall, 1994: Diagnosing climate-change and ocean ventilation using hydrographic data. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 24, 1137-1152. [FULL TEXT]

Bindoff, N. L., et al., 2007: Observations: Oceanic Climate Change and Sea Level. Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, S. Solomon, et al., Eds., Cambridge University Press.

Bingham, R. J., and C. W. Hughes, 2009: Signature of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation in sea level along the east coast of North America. Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L02603. [FULL TEXT]

Boening, C., J. K. Willis, F. W. Landerer, R. S. Nerem, and J. Fasullo, 2012: The 2011 La Niña: So strong, the oceans fell. Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L19602. [FULL TEXT]

Bograd, S. J., C. G. Castro, E. Di Lorenzo, D. M. Palacios, H. Bailey, W. Gilly, and F. P. Chavez, 2008: Oxygen declines and the shoaling of the hypoxic boundary in the California Current. Geophysical Research Letters, 35, L12607. [FULL TEXT]

Böning, C. W., A. Dispert, M. Visbeck, S. R. Rintoul, and F. U. Schwarzkopf, 2008: The response of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current to recent climate change. Nature Geoscience, 1, 864-869. [FULL TEXT]

Borges, A. V., and N. Gypens, 2010: Carbonate chemistry in the coastal zone responds more strongly to eutrophication than to ocean acidification. Limnology and Oceanography, 55, 346-353. [FULL TEXT]

Boyer, T., S. Levitus, J. Antonov, R. Locarnini, A. Mishonov, H. Garcia, and S. A. Josey, 2007: Changes in freshwater content in the North Atlantic Ocean 1955-2006. Geophysical Research Letters, 34, L16603. [FULL TEXT]

Boyer, T. P., S. Levitus, J. I. Antonov, R. A. Locarnini, and H. E. Garcia, 2005: Linear trends in salinity for the World Ocean, 1955-1998. Geophysical Research Letters, 32, L01604. [FULL TEXT]

Boyer, T. P., et al., 2006: Introduction. World Ocean Database 2005 (DVD), NOAA Atlas NESDIS, vol. 60, S. Levitus, Ed., US Government Printing Office, 15-37.

Boyer, T. P., et al., 2009: Chapter 1: Introduction. World Ocean Database 2009, NOAA Atlas NESDIS 66, DVD ed., S. Levitus, Ed., U.S. Gov. Printing Office, Wash., D.C., USA, pp. 216.

Broecker, W., and E. Clark, 2001: A dramatic Atlantic dissolution event at the onset of the last glaciation. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 2, 2001GC000185.

Bromirski, P. D., A. J. Miller, R. E. Flick, and G. Auad, 2011: Dynamical suppression of sea level rise along the Pacific coast of North America: Indications for imminent acceleration. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 116,
C07005. [FULL TEXT]

Bryden, H. L., H. R. Longworth, and S. A. Cunningham, 2005: Slowing of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 25°N. Nature, 438, 655-657. [FULL TEXT]

Byrne, R. H., S. Mecking, R. A. Feely, and X. W. Liu, 2010: Direct observations of basin-wide acidification of the North Pacific Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 37, L02601. [FULL TEXT]

Cai, W., 2006: Antarctic ozone depletion causes an intensification of the Southern Ocean super-gyre circulation. Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L03712.

Calafat, F. M., D. P. Chambers, and M. N. Tsimplis, 2012: Mechanisms of decadal sea level variability in the eastern North Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 117, C09022.

Caldeira, K., and M. E. Wickett, 2003: Anthropogenic carbon and ocean pH. Nature, 425, 365-365. [FULL TEXT]

Carson, M., and D. E. Harrison, 2010: Regional interdecadal variability in bias-corrected ocean temperature data. Journal of Climate, 23, 2847-2855. [FULL TEXT]

Carton, J. A., and A. Santorelli, 2008: Global decadal upper-ocean heat content as viewed in nine analyses. Journal of Climate, 21, 6015-6035. [FULL TEXT]

Carton, J. A., B. S. Giese, and S. A. Grodsky, 2005: Sea level rise and the warming of the oceans in the Simple Ocean Data Assimilation (SODA) ocean reanalysis. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 110, C09006. [FULL TEXT]

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IPCC AR5 references – WG1 Chapter 2, observations: atmosphere and surface

Posted by Ari Jokimäki on November 19, 2013

IPCC reports have extensive reference lists but unfortunately they don’t include direct links to papers. Below are the references in IPCC AR5 WG1 Chapter 2, observations: atmosphere and surface references with links to abstract pages and full texts where available. The reference list of chapter 2 is very much in draft state – there are lot (and I do mean lot) of errors and missing information in the entries. I informed IPCC about some errors I found at early stage of going though this list, but they answered that it’s just a draft and didn’t seem very interested. I hope they correct it for the final version because it will be embarrasment otherwise. It seems that almost every other entry has some kind of mistake (badly spelled title, incomplete citation,…).

Another curious feature of this reference list is that here and there there are references to EGU discussion papers. They are not peer-reviewed papers, but papers currently under peer-review. It’s not very good idea to use them as references in IPCC reports because the papers in questions might have been rejected and then IPCC report would have non-peer-reviewed references. However, all of the discussion papers referenced here turned out to have final accepted papers, so they were in luck this time.

Abakumova, G. M., E. V. Gorbarenko, E. I. Nezval, and O. A. Shilovtseva, 2008: Fifty years of actinometrical measurements in Moscow. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 29, 2629-2665.

Adam, J. C., and D. P. Lettenmaier, 2008: Application of new precipitation and reconstructed streamflow products to streamflow trend attribution in northern Eurasia. Journal of Climate, 21, 1807-1828. [FULL TEXT]

Adler, R. F., G. J. Gu, and G. J. Huffman, 2012: Estimating Climatological Bias Errors for the Global Precipitation Climatology Project (GPCP). Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 51, 84-99.

Adler, R. F., et al., 2003: The version-2 global precipitation climatology project (GPCP) monthly precipitation analysis (1979-present). Journal of Hydrometeorology, 4, 1147-1167. [FULL TEXT]

Aguilar, E., et al., 2009: Changes in temperature and precipitation extremes in western central Africa, Guinea Conakry, and Zimbabwe, 1955-2006. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 114. [FULL TEXT]

Alexander, L. V., P. Uotila, and N. Nicholls, 2009: Influence of sea surface temperature variability on global temperature and precipitation extremes. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 114.

Alexander, L. V., X. L. L. Wang, H. Wan, and B. Trewin, 2011: Significant decline in storminess over southeast Australia since the late 19th century. Australian Meteorological and Oceanographic Journal, 61, 23-30. [FULL TEXT]

Alexander, L. V., et al., 2006: Global observed changes in daily climate extremes of temperature and precipitation.  Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 111. [FULL TEXT]

Allan, R., and T. Ansell, 2006: A new globally complete monthly historical gridded mean sea level pressure dataset (HadSLP2): 1850-2004. Journal of Climate, 19, 5816-5842. [FULL TEXT]

Allan, R., S. Tett, and L. Alexander, 2009: Fluctuations in autumn-winter severe storms over the British Isles: 1920 to present. Int. J. Climatology, 29, 357-371. [FULL TEXT]

Allan, R. P., 2009: Examination of Relationships between Clear-Sky Longwave Radiation and Aspects of the Atmospheric Hydrological Cycle in Climate Models, Reanalyses, and Observations. Journal of Climate, 22, 3127-3145. [FULL TEXT]

Allan, R. P., and A. Slingo, 2002: Can current climate model forcings explain the spatial and temporal signatures of decadal OLR variations? Geophysical Research Letters, 29, 1141. [FULL TEXT]

Allan, R. P., and B. J. Soden, 2008: Atmospheric Warming and the Amplification of Precipitation Extremes. Science, 321, 1481-1484. [FULL TEXT]

Allan, R. P., B. J. Soden, V. O. John, W. Ingram, and P. Good, 2010: Current changes in tropical precipitation. Environmental Research Letters, 5. [FULL TEXT]

Allen, R. J., and S. C. Sherwood, 2007: Utility of radiosonde wind data in representing climatological variations of tropospheric temperature and baroclinicity in the western tropical Pacific. Journal of Climate, 20, 5229-5243. [FULL TEXT]

——, 2008: Warming maximum in the tropical upper troposphere deduced from thermal winds. Nature Geoscience, 1, 399-403. [FULL TEXT]

Alpert, P., and P. Kishcha, 2008: Quantification of the effect of urbanization on solar dimming. Geophysical Research Letters, 35, L08801. [FULL TEXT]

Alpert, P., P. Kishcha, Y. J. Kaufman, and R. Schwarzbard, 2005: Global dimming or local dimming?: Effect of urbanization on sunlight availability. Geophysical Research Letters, 32, L17802. [FULL TEXT]

Andrade, C., S. Leite, and J. Santos, 2012: Temperature extremes in Europe: overview of their driving atmospheric patterns. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences, 12, 1671-1691. [FULL TEXT]

Andronova, N., J. E. Penner, and T. Wong, 2009: Observed and modeled evolution of the tropical mean radiation budget at the top of the atmosphere since 1985. Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, 114, -. [FULL TEXT]

Angell, J. K., 2006: Changes in the 300-mb North Circumpolar Vortex, 1963-2001. Journal of Climate, 19, 2984-2994. [FULL TEXT]

Anthes, R. A., 2011: Exploring Earth’s atmosphere with radio occultation: contributions to weather, climate and space weather. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 4, 1077-1103. [FULL TEXT]

Anthes, R. A., et al., 2008: The COSMOC/FORMOSAT-3 – Mission early results. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 89, 313-+. [FULL TEXT]

Archer, C. L., and K. Caldeira, 2008a: Reply to comment by Courtenay Strong and Robert E. Davis on “Historical trends in the jet streams”. Geophysical Research Letters, 35.

——, 2008b: Historical trends in the jet streams. Geophysical Research Letters, 35. [FULL TEXT]

Arndt, D. S., M. O. Baringer, and M. R. Johnson, 2010: STATE OF THE CLIMATE IN 2009. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 91, S1-+. [FULL TEXT]

Arnold, T., et al., 2013: Nitrogen trifluoride global emissions estimated from updated atmospheric measurements. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 110, 2029-2034. [FULL TEXT]

Ashok, K., S. K. Behera, S. A. Rao, H. Y. Weng, and T. Yamagata, 2007: El Nino Modoki and its possible teleconnection. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 112. [FULL TEXT 25MB]

Asmi, A., et al., 2013: Aerosol decadal trends – Part 2: In-situ aerosol particle number concentrations at GAW and ACTRIS stations. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 895-916. [FULL TEXT]

Atlas, R., R. Hoffman, J. Ardizzone, S. Leidner, J. Jusem, D. Smith, and D. Gombos, 2011: A CROSS-CALIBRATED MULTIPLATFORM OCEAN SURFACE WIND VELOCITY PRODUCT FOR METEOROLOGICAL AND OCEANOGRAPHIC APPLICATIONS. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 92, 157-+. [FULL TEXT]

Augustine, J. A., and E. G. Dutton, 2013: Variability of the surface radiation budget over United States from 1996 through 2011 from high-quality measurements. J. Geophys. Res., doi:doi:10.1029/2012JD018551.

Aydin, M., et al., 2011: Recent decreases in fossil-fuel emissions of ethane and methane derived from firn air. Nature, 476, 198-201. [FULL TEXT]

Ballester, J., F. Giorgi, and X. Rodo, 2010: Changes in European temperature extremes can be predicted from changes in PDF central statistics. Climatic Change, 98, 277-284. [FULL TEXT]

Baringer, M. O., D. S. Arndt, and M. R. Johnson, 2010: STATE OF THE CLIMATE IN 2009. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 91, S1-+. [FULL TEXT] [NOTE! This seems to be double entry to Arndt et al.]

Barmpadimos, I., J. Keller, D. Oderbolz, C. Hueglin, and A. S. H. Prevot, 2012: One decade of parallel fine (PM2.5) and coarse (PM10-PM2.5) particulate matter measurements in Europe: trends and variability. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 3189-3203. [FULL TEXT]

Barnston, A. G., and R. E. Livezey, 1987: Classification, seasonality and persistence of low-frequency atmospheric circulation patterns. Monthly Weather Review, 115, 1083-1126. [FULL TEXT]

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Thank you!

Posted by Ari Jokimäki on November 1, 2013

In the social media, I’m not the most responsive guy. People follow me, retweet me, blogroll me, and so on, but I rarely react. It’s not because I don’t care, but I just don’t have time to follow all the things that are going on.

This post is for you who have complemented me or shared my links in internet forums, liked or shared my links in Facebook, favorited or retweeted me in Twitter, included me into the blogroll of your excellent blog, or printed one of my paperlists and shoved it to the throat of their denier-friend:

Thank you. I don’t say this enough (or at all), but I do appreciate your actions to redistribute the science I have decided to include to my channels.

In Twitter, I mostly stay quiet because I want to keep my account strictly to “business” (it’s not really business as I don’t get paid for this) and I don’t want to bother people with too many chatty tweets. Almost every day there are several people who favorite and retweet my tweets in the Twitter. Thank you for that.

In Facebook, AGW observer page is somewhat quieter. But also there the likes and shares are precious, because it gives more “air-time” to the science.

And that is what I really want to show – the science. Real heroes here are the scientists. I’m just a paracite who feeds on their work. Please follow every social media account of climate scientists, climate journals and climate institutions. And show an extended middle finger to those entities that try to show climate science community in bad light.

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