The climate commitment of new Finnish government
Posted by Ari Jokimäki on June 17, 2011
Looks like Finland is finally getting a new government after long negotiations. Here are the relevant sections regarding climate change of the negotiation result of the new Finnish government (link is to a Finnish text) translated by me quickly and roughly. First, in the summary they say:
Environment will be left in better shape to future generations. Finland will be reformed as a forerunner in nourishing biodiversity and preventing climate change. The goals of the government are to make future Finland a carbon neutral society, to make Finland a number one country in environmental technology, and to develop Finland into a most knowledgeable nation on environment.
Then, section 9 deals with climate policy:
Finland will participate actively to the international co-operation for solving the environmental challenges.
In UN level the goal is to have a cogent and effective climate treaty, which takes biodiversity and other goals of sustainable development into consideration, and which limits the global warming to two degrees.
It will be investigated what effects the EU goal of 30 % emission cuts from 1990 level by 2020 would have. The investigation will find out the effects of changing the goal to costs, society, competitiveness, and compatibility with the two degree goal considering other commitments of EU countries. By the end of 2012 the government decides to support the 30 % goal if the investigation qualifies it.
The government will advance the achieving of the energy efficiency goals of EU determinedly. In 2013 progress in Finland will be evaluated in order to decide of possible additional actions.
The most cost-effecient way to proceed towards 80% emission cuts by 2050 is to steer the investments of energy production and use towards the improvement of energy efficiency and utilization of renewable energy in early stage. The effects to economy, to employment, and to distribution of wealth will be investigated during the preparation and decision-making of climate politics.
In order to achieve the climate goals, the government will make a long term EU strategy of climate policy. Finland should influence the policy decisions of European union in such a way, that the competitive status of the actors under European Union stays reasonable compared to the competitive status of the external actors and that the internal competitive situation of European Union will not be distorted.
The government will advance the chances of Finland to survive and gain from the coming energy and climate challenges. By investing to the research, development and application of climate and environmental technology and also to the services and know-how in the field the chances of Finland to become the heading country in low emission solutions will be improved. The co-operation with Nordic countries will be strengthened in the field of climate policy.
In EU Finland will support the carbon sink calculation methods, which are based on scientifically determine monitoring of true changes in carbon sinks, and which secures the sustainable economical use of forests. The goal is to have a fair system of global climate change prevention.
The government acknowledges the uneven distribution of climate change effects globally and the probelmatic relation of climate change and poverty. Finland will participate the international climate funding according to its commitments. The government supports the coordination of climate policy with development policy and explores the chances to take innovative funding instruments into use in climate policy.
Government will set a ministrial working group to update the national climate and energy strategy by the end of 2012. According to the future briefing of climate and energy policy, a multidisclipinary and independent climate panel will be formed to follow the actualization and effectiveness of the strategy. The climate panel will prepare directional emission budgets for government, which will aid towards long term sustainable emission levels. The climate panel will advice government in defining and checking of the emission budgets, monitors them to be taken in use, and gives recommendations on actions to reduce emissions. By gained experience and investigations the government will prepare a bill and makes separate decision to set a climate law to steer the reductions of emissions that are outside the emissions trading.