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IPCC AR5 references – WG1 Chapter 3, Observations: Ocean

Posted by Ari Jokimäki on December 12, 2013

IPCC reports have extensive reference lists but unfortunately they don’t include direct links to papers. Below are the references in IPCC AR5 WG1 Chapter 3, observations: oceans, with links to abstract pages and full texts where available.

Abeysirigunawardena, D. S., and I. J. Walker, 2008: Sea Level Responses to Climatic Variability and Change in Northern British Columbia. Atmosphere-Ocean, 46, 277-296.

Ablain, M., A. Cazenave, S. Guinehut, and G. Valladeau, 2009: A new assessment of global mean sea level from altimeters highlights a reduction of global slope from 2005 to 2008 in agreement with in-situ measurements. Ocean Sciences, 5, 193 – 201. [FULL TEXT]

Alory, G., S. Wijffels, and G. Meyers, 2007: Observed temperature trends in the Indian Ocean over 1960-1999 and associated mechanisms. Geophysical Research Letters, 34, L02606.

Álvarez, M., T. Tanhua, H. Brix, C. Lo Monaco, N. Metzl, E. L. McDonagh, and H. L. Bryden, 2011: Decadal biogeochemical changes in the subtropical Indian Ocean associated with Subantarctic Mode Water. Journal of
Geophysical Research-Oceans, 116, C09016. [FULL TEXT]

Andersson, A., C. Klepp, K. Fennig, S. Bakan, H. Grassl, and J. Schulz, 2011: Evaluation of HOAPS-3 Ocean Surface Freshwater Flux Components. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 50, 379-398.

Antonov, J. I., et al., 2010: World Ocean Atlas 2009, Volume 2: Salinity, NOAA Atlas NESDIS 68. U.S. Gov. Printing Office, Wash., D.C., USA, 184 pp.

Aoki, S., S. R. Rintoul, S. Ushio, S. Watanabe, and N. L. Bindoff, 2005: Freshening of the Adelie Land Bottom Water near 140°E. Geophysical Research Letters, 32, L23601.

Ballantyne, A. P., C. B. Alden, J. B. Miller, P. P. Tans, and J. W. C. White, 2012: Increase in observed net carbon dioxide uptake by land and oceans during the past 50 years. Nature, 488, 70-72. [FULL TEXT]

Barker, P. M., J. R. Dunn, C. M. Domingues, and S. E. Wijffels, 2011: Pressure sensor drifts in Argo and their impacts. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 28, 1036-1049.

Bates, N. R., 2007: Interannual variability of the oceanic CO2 sink in the subtropical gyre of the North Atlantic Ocean over the last 2 decades. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 112, C09013.

Bates, N. R., 2012: Multi-decadal uptake of carbon dioxide into subtropical mode water of the North Atlantic Ocean. Biogeosciences, 9, 2649-2659. [FULL TEXT]

Beckley, B. D., et al., 2010: Assessment of the Jason-2 extension to the TOPEX/Poseidon, Jason-1 sea-surface height time series for global mean sea level monitoring. Marine Geodesy, 33, 447-471.

Beltrami, H., J. E. Smerdon, H. N. Pollack, and S. P. Huang, 2002: Continental heat gain in the global climate system. Geophysical Research Letters, 29, 3. [FULL TEXT]

Bersch, M., I. Yashayaev, and K. P. Koltermann, 2007: Recent changes of the thermohaline circulation in the subpolar North Atlantic. Ocean Dynamics, 57, 223-235.

Bindoff, N. L., and T. J. McDougall, 1994: Diagnosing climate-change and ocean ventilation using hydrographic data. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 24, 1137-1152. [FULL TEXT]

Bindoff, N. L., et al., 2007: Observations: Oceanic Climate Change and Sea Level. Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, S. Solomon, et al., Eds., Cambridge University Press.

Bingham, R. J., and C. W. Hughes, 2009: Signature of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation in sea level along the east coast of North America. Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L02603. [FULL TEXT]

Boening, C., J. K. Willis, F. W. Landerer, R. S. Nerem, and J. Fasullo, 2012: The 2011 La Niña: So strong, the oceans fell. Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L19602. [FULL TEXT]

Bograd, S. J., C. G. Castro, E. Di Lorenzo, D. M. Palacios, H. Bailey, W. Gilly, and F. P. Chavez, 2008: Oxygen declines and the shoaling of the hypoxic boundary in the California Current. Geophysical Research Letters, 35, L12607. [FULL TEXT]

Böning, C. W., A. Dispert, M. Visbeck, S. R. Rintoul, and F. U. Schwarzkopf, 2008: The response of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current to recent climate change. Nature Geoscience, 1, 864-869. [FULL TEXT]

Borges, A. V., and N. Gypens, 2010: Carbonate chemistry in the coastal zone responds more strongly to eutrophication than to ocean acidification. Limnology and Oceanography, 55, 346-353. [FULL TEXT]

Boyer, T., S. Levitus, J. Antonov, R. Locarnini, A. Mishonov, H. Garcia, and S. A. Josey, 2007: Changes in freshwater content in the North Atlantic Ocean 1955-2006. Geophysical Research Letters, 34, L16603. [FULL TEXT]

Boyer, T. P., S. Levitus, J. I. Antonov, R. A. Locarnini, and H. E. Garcia, 2005: Linear trends in salinity for the World Ocean, 1955-1998. Geophysical Research Letters, 32, L01604. [FULL TEXT]

Boyer, T. P., et al., 2006: Introduction. World Ocean Database 2005 (DVD), NOAA Atlas NESDIS, vol. 60, S. Levitus, Ed., US Government Printing Office, 15-37.

Boyer, T. P., et al., 2009: Chapter 1: Introduction. World Ocean Database 2009, NOAA Atlas NESDIS 66, DVD ed., S. Levitus, Ed., U.S. Gov. Printing Office, Wash., D.C., USA, pp. 216.

Broecker, W., and E. Clark, 2001: A dramatic Atlantic dissolution event at the onset of the last glaciation. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 2, 2001GC000185.

Bromirski, P. D., A. J. Miller, R. E. Flick, and G. Auad, 2011: Dynamical suppression of sea level rise along the Pacific coast of North America: Indications for imminent acceleration. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 116,
C07005. [FULL TEXT]

Bryden, H. L., H. R. Longworth, and S. A. Cunningham, 2005: Slowing of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 25°N. Nature, 438, 655-657. [FULL TEXT]

Byrne, R. H., S. Mecking, R. A. Feely, and X. W. Liu, 2010: Direct observations of basin-wide acidification of the North Pacific Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 37, L02601. [FULL TEXT]

Cai, W., 2006: Antarctic ozone depletion causes an intensification of the Southern Ocean super-gyre circulation. Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L03712.

Calafat, F. M., D. P. Chambers, and M. N. Tsimplis, 2012: Mechanisms of decadal sea level variability in the eastern North Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 117, C09022.

Caldeira, K., and M. E. Wickett, 2003: Anthropogenic carbon and ocean pH. Nature, 425, 365-365. [FULL TEXT]

Carson, M., and D. E. Harrison, 2010: Regional interdecadal variability in bias-corrected ocean temperature data. Journal of Climate, 23, 2847-2855. [FULL TEXT]

Carton, J. A., and A. Santorelli, 2008: Global decadal upper-ocean heat content as viewed in nine analyses. Journal of Climate, 21, 6015-6035. [FULL TEXT]

Carton, J. A., B. S. Giese, and S. A. Grodsky, 2005: Sea level rise and the warming of the oceans in the Simple Ocean Data Assimilation (SODA) ocean reanalysis. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 110, C09006. [FULL TEXT]

Cazenave, A., et al., 2009: Sea level budget over 2003–2008: A re-evaluation from GRACE space gravimetry, satellite altimetry and Argo. Marine Geodesy, 65, 447 – 471. [FULL TEXT]

Cazenave, A., et al., 2012: Estimating ENSO influence on the global mean sea level, 1993–2010. Marine Geodesy, 35, 82-97.

Chambers, D. P., J. Wahr, and R. S. Nerem, 2004: Preliminary observations of global ocean mass variations with GRACE. Geophysical Research Letters, 31, L13310.

Chambers, D. P., M. A. Merrifield, and R. S. Nerem, 2012: Is there a 60-year oscillation in global mean sea level? Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L18607. [FULL TEXT]

Chambers, D. P., J. Wahr, M. E. Tamisiea, and R. S. Nerem, 2010: Ocean mass from GRACE and glacial isostatic adjustment. Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth, 115, B11415. [FULL TEXT]

Chan, F., J. A. Barth, J. Lubchenco, A. Kirincich, H. Weeks, W. T. Peterson, and B. A. Menge, 2008: Emergence of anoxia in the California current large marine ecosystem. Science, 319, 920-920. [FULL TEXT]

Chavez, F. P., M. Messié, and J. T. Pennington, 2011: Marine primary production in relation to climate variability and change. Annual Review of Marine Science, 3, 227-260. [FULL TEXT]

Church, J. A., and N. J. White, 2006: A 20th century acceleration in global sea-level rise. Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L01602. [FULL TEXT]

Church, J. A., and N. J. White, 2011: Sea-level rise from the late 19th to the early 21st century. Surveys in Geophysics, 32, 585-602. [FULL TEXT]

Church, J. A., J. R. Hunter, K. L. McInnes, and N. J. White, 2006: Sea-level rise around the Australian coastline and the changing frequency of extreme sea-level events. Australian Meteorological Magazine, 55, 253-260. [FULL TEXT]

Church, J. A., N. J. White, R. Coleman, K. Lambeck, and J. X. Mitrovica, 2004: Estimates of the regional distribution of sea level rise over the 1950-2000 period. Journal of Climate, 17, 2609-2625. [FULL TEXT]

Church, J. A., et al., 2011: Revisiting the Earth’s sea-level and energy budgets from 1961 to 2008. Geophysical Research Letters, 38, L18601. [FULL TEXT]

Cianca, A., P. Helmke, B. Mourino, M. J. Rueda, O. Llinas, and S. Neuer, 2007: Decadal analysis of hydrography and in situ nutrient budgets in the western and eastern North Atlantic subtropical gyre. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 112, C07025. [FULL TEXT]

Compo, G. P., et al., 2011: The Twentieth Century Reanalysis Project. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 137, 1-28. [FULL TEXT]

Cravatte, S., T. Delcroix, D. X. Zhang, M. McPhaden, and J. Leloup, 2009: Observed freshening and warming of the western Pacific Warm Pool. Climate Dynamics, 33, 565-589. [FULL TEXT]

Cummins, P. F., and H. J. Freeland, 2007: Variability of the North Pacific current and its bifurcation. Progress in Oceanography, 75, 253-265. [FULL TEXT]

Cunningham, S. A., S. G. Alderson, B. A. King, and M. A. Brandon, 2003: Transport and variability of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current in Drake Passage. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 108, 8084. [FULL TEXT]

Cunningham, S. A., et al., 2007: Temporal variability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 26.5°N. Science, 317, 935-938. [FULL TEXT]

Curry, R., and C. Mauritzen, 2005: Dilution of the northern North Atlantic Ocean in recent decades. Science, 308, 1772-1774. [FULL TEXT]

Curry, R., B. Dickson, and I. Yashayaev, 2003: A change in the freshwater balance of the Atlantic Ocean over the past four decades. Nature, 426, 826-829. [FULL TEXT]

D’Onofrio, E. E., M. M. E. Fiore, and J. L. Pousa, 2008: Changes in the regime of storm surges at Buenos Aires, Argentina. Journal of Coastal Research, 24, 260-265.

Dee, D. P., et al., 2011: The ERA-Interim reanalysis: configuration and performance of the data assimilation system. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 137, 553-597. [FULL TEXT]

Delcroix, T., S. Cravatte, and M. J. McPhaden, 2007: Decadal variations and trends in tropical Pacific sea surface salinity since 1970. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 112, C03012. [FULL TEXT]

Deutsch, C., S. Emerson, and L. Thompson, 2005: Fingerprints of climate change in North Pacific oxygen. Geophysical Research Letters, 32, L16604. [FULL TEXT]

Di Lorenzo, E., et al., 2009: Nutrient and salinity decadal variations in the central and eastern North Pacific. Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L14601. [FULL TEXT]

Diaz, R. J., and R. Rosenberg, 2008: Spreading dead zones and consequences for marine ecosystems. Science, 321, 926-929. [FULL TEXT]

Dickson, B., I. Yashayaev, J. Meincke, B. Turrell, S. Dye, and J. Holfort, 2002: Rapid freshening of the deep North Atlantic Ocean over the past four decades. Nature, 416, 832-837.

Dickson, R. R., et al., 2008: The overflow flux west of Iceland: variability, origins and forcing. Arctic-Subarctic Ocean Fluxes, R. R. Dickson, J. Meincke, and P. B. Rhines, Eds., Springer Verlag.

Dohan, K., et al., 2010: Measuring the Global Ocean Surface Circulation with Satellite and In Situ Observations. Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy. [FULL TEXT]

Domingues, C. M., J. A. Church, N. J. White, P. J. Gleckler, S. E. Wijffels, P. M. Barker, and J. R. Dunn, 2008: Improved estimates of upper-ocean warming and multi-decadal sea-level rise. Nature, 453, 1090-3. [FULL TEXT]

Doney, S. C., V. J. Fabry, R. A. Feely, and J. A. Kleypas, 2009: Ocean Acidification: The other CO2 problem. Annual Review of Marine Science, 1, 169-192. [FULL TEXT]

Dore, J. E., R. Lukas, D. W. Sadler, M. J. Church, and D. M. Karl, 2009: Physical and biogeochemical modulation of ocean acidification in the central North Pacific. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106, 12235-12240. [FULL TEXT]

Douglas, B. C., 2001: Sea level change in the era of the recording tide gauge. Sea Level Rise: History and Consequences, B. C. Douglas, M. S. Kearney, and S. P. Leatherman, Eds., Academic Press, 37–64.

Douglass, E., D. Roemmich, and D. Stammer, 2006: Interannual variability in northeast Pacific circulation. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 111, C04001. [FULL TEXT]

Drinkwater, K. F., 2006: The regime shift of the 1920s and 1930s in the North Atlantic. Progress in Oceanography, 68, 134-151.

Duce, R. A., et al., 2008: Impacts of atmospheric anthropogenic nitrogen on the open ocean. Science, 320, 893-897. [FULL TEXT]

Ducet, N., P. Y. Le Traon, and G. Reverdin, 2000: Global high-resolution mapping of ocean circulation from TOPEX/Poseidon and ERS-1 and-2. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 105, 19477-19498. [FULL TEXT]

Durack, P. J., and S. E. Wijffels, 2010: Fifty-year trends in global ocean salinities and their relationship to broad-scale warming. Journal of Climate, 23, 4342-4362. [FULL TEXT]

Durack, P. J., S. E. Wijffels, and R. J. Matear, 2012: Ocean salinities reveal strong global water cycle intensification during 1950 to 2000. Science, 336, 455-458. [FULL TEXT]

Egleston, E. S., C. L. Sabine, and F. M. M. Morel, 2010: Revelle revisited: Buffer factors that quantify the response of ocean chemistry to changes in DIC and alkalinity. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 24, GB1002. [FULL TEXT]

Ekman, M., 1988: The world’s longest continued series of sea-level observations. Pure and Applied Geophysics, 127, 73-77.

Emori, S., and S. J. Brown, 2005: Dynamic and thermodynamic changes in mean and extreme precipitation under changed climate. Geophysical Research Letters, 32, L17706. [FULL TEXT]

Fabry, V. J., B. A. Seibel, R. A. Feely, and J. C. Orr, 2008: Impacts of ocean acidification on marine fauna and ecosystem processes. Ices Journal of Marine Science, 65, 414-432. [FULL TEXT]

Farneti, R., T. L. Delworth, A. J. Rosati, S. M. Griffies, and F. Zeng, 2010: The role of mesoscale eddies in the rectification of the Southern Ocean response to climate change. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 40, 1539-1557. [FULL TEXT]

Feely, R. A., S. C. Doney, and S. R. Cooley, 2009: Ocean acidification: present conditions and future changes in a high-CO2 world. Oceanography, 22, 36-47. [FULL TEXT]

Feely, R. A., T. Takahashi, R. Wanninkhof, M. J. McPhaden, C. E. Cosca, S. C. Sutherland, and M. E. Carr, 2006: Decadal variability of the air-sea CO2 fluxes in the equatorial Pacific Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 111, C08s90.

Feng, M., M. J. McPhaden, and T. Lee, 2010: Decadal variability of the Pacific subtropical cells and their influence on the southeast Indian Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 37, L09606. [FULL TEXT]

Fischer, J., M. Visbeck, R. Zantopp, and N. Nunes, 2010: Interannual to decadal variability of outflow from the Labrador Sea. Geophysical Research Letters, 37, L24610. [FULL TEXT]

Frajka-Williams, E., S. A. Cunningham, H. Bryden, and B. A. King, 2011: Variability of Antarctic Bottom Water at 24.5°N in the Atlantic. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 116, C11026. [FULL TEXT]

Freeland, H., et al., 2010: Argo – A Decade of Progress. Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy. [FULL TEXT]

Freeland, H. J., and D. Gilbert, 2009: Estimate of the steric contribution to global sea level rise from a comparison of the WOCE one-time survey with 2006-2008 Argo observations. Atmosphere-Ocean, 47, 292-298.

Frölicher, T. L., F. Joos, G. K. Plattner, M. Steinacher, and S. C. Doney, 2009: Natural variability and anthropogenic trends in oceanic oxygen in a coupled carbon cycle-climate model ensemble. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 23, Gb1003. [FULL TEXT]

Fusco, G., V. Artale, Y. Cotroneo, and G. Sannino, 2008: Thermohaline variability of Mediterranean Water in the Gulf of Cadiz, 1948-1999. Deep-Sea Research Part I-Oceanographic Research Papers, 55, 1624-1638.

Galloway, J. N., et al., 2008: Transformation of the nitrogen cycle: Recent trends, questions, and potential solutions. Science, 320, 889-892. [FULL TEXT]

Garabato, A. C. N., L. Jullion, D. P. Stevens, K. J. Heywood, and B. A. King, 2009: Variability of Subantarctic Mode Water and Antarctic Intermediate Water in the Drake Passage during the late-twentieth and early-twenty-first centuries. Journal of Climate, 22, 3661-3688. [FULL TEXT]

Garzoli, S. L., M. O. Baringer, S. F. Dong, R. C. Perez, and Q. Yao, 2013: South Atlantic meridional fluxes. Deep-Sea Research Part I-Oceanographic Research Papers, 71, 21-32. [FULL TEXT]

Gebbie, G., and P. Huybers, 2012: The mean age of ocean waters inferred from radiocarbon observations: sensitivity to surface sources and accounting for mixing histories. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 42, 291-305. [FULL TEXT]

Gemmrich, J., B. Thomas, and R. Bouchard, 2011: Observational changes and trends in northeast Pacific wave records. Geophysical Research Letters, 38, L22601.

Gerber, M., F. Joos, M. Vázquez-Rodríguez, F. Touratier, and C. Goyet, 2009: Regional air-sea fluxes of anthropogenic carbon inferred with an Ensemble Kalman Filter. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 23, Gb1013. [FULL TEXT]

Giese, B. S., G. A. Chepurin, J. A. Carton, T. P. Boyer, and H. F. Seidel, 2011: Impact of bathythermograph temperature bias models on an ocean reanalysis. Journal of Climate, 24, 84-93.

Gilbert, D., N. N. Rabalais, R. J. Diaz, and J. Zhang, 2010: Evidence for greater oxygen decline rates in the coastal ocean than in the open ocean. Biogeosciences, 7, 2283-2296. [FULL TEXT]

Giles, K. A., S. W. Laxon, A. L. Ridout, D. J. Wingham, and S. Bacon, 2012: Western Arctic Ocean freshwater storage increased by wind-driven spin-up of the Beaufort Gyre. Nature Geoscience, 5, 194-197. [FULL TEXT]

Gille, S. T., 2008: Decadal-scale temperature trends in the Southern Hemisphere ocean. Journal of Climate, 21, 4749-4765. [FULL TEXT]

Gillett, N. P., and P. A. Stott, 2009: Attribution of anthropogenic influence on seasonal sea level pressure. Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L23709. [FULL TEXT]

Gladyshev, S. V., M. N. Koshlyakov, and R. Y. Tarakanov, 2008: Currents in the Drake Passage based on observations in 2007. Oceanology, 48, 759-770.

Gleckler, P. J., et al., 2012: Human-induced global ocean warming on multidecadal timescales. Nature Climate Change, 2, 524-529. [FULL TEXT]

Gloor, M., J. L. Sarmiento, and N. Gruber, 2010: What can be learned about carbon cycle climate feedbacks from the CO2 airborne fraction? Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 7739-7751. [FULL TEXT]

Goni, G. J., F. Bringas, and P. N. DiNezio, 2011: Observed low frequency variability of the Brazil Current front. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 116, C10037. [FULL TEXT]

González-Dávila, M., J. M. Santana-Casiano, M. J. Rueda, and O. Llinas, 2010: The water column distribution of carbonate system variables at the ESTOC site from 1995 to 2004. Biogeosciences, 7, 3067-3081. [FULL TEXT]

Gouretski, V., and K. P. Koltermann, 2007: How much is the ocean really warming? Geophysical Research Letters, 34, L01610. [FULL TEXT]

Gouretski, V., and F. Reseghetti, 2010: On depth and temperature biases in bathythermograph data: Development of a new correction scheme based on analysis of a global ocean database. Deep-Sea Research Part IOceanographic Research Papers, 57, 812-833.

Gouretski, V., J. Kennedy, T. Boyer, and A. Kohl, 2012: Consistent near-surface ocean warming since 1900 in two largely independent observing networks. Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L19606. [FULL TEXT]

Graven, H. D., N. Gruber, R. Key, S. Khatiwala, and X. Giraud, 2012: Changing controls on oceanic radiocarbon: New insights on shallow-to-deep ocean exchange and anthropogenic CO2 uptake. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 117, C10005. [FULL TEXT]

Griffies, S. M., et al., 2009: Coordinated Ocean-ice Reference Experiments (COREs). Ocean Modelling, 26, 1-46. [FULL TEXT]

Grinsted, A., J. C. Moore, and S. Jevrejeva, 2012: Homogeneous record of Atlantic hurricane surge threat since 1923. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109, 19601-19605. [FULL TEXT]

Grist, J. P., R. Marsh, and S. A. Josey, 2009: On the relationship between the North Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation and the surface-forced overturning streamfunction. Journal of Climate, 22, 4989-5002. [FULL TEXT]

Gruber, N., et al., 2009: Oceanic sources, sinks, and transport of atmospheric CO2. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 23, Gb1005. [FULL TEXT]

Gu, G. J., R. F. Adler, G. J. Huffman, and S. Curtis, 2007: Tropical rainfall variability on interannual-to-interdecadal and longer time scales derived from the GPCP monthly product. Journal of Climate, 20, 4033-4046. [FULL TEXT]

Gulev, S., T. Jung, and E. Ruprecht, 2007: Estimation of the impact of sampling errors in the VOS observations on airsea fluxes. Part II: Impact on trends and interannual variability. Journal of Climate, 20, 302-315. [FULL TEXT]

Gulev, S., et al., 2010: Surface Energy and CO2 Fluxes in the Global Ocean-Atmosphere-Ice System. OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society, Venice, Italy, 20 pp. [NOT FOUND]

Gulev, S. K., and V. Grigorieva, 2006: Variability of the winter wind waves and swell in the North Atlantic and North Pacific as revealed by the voluntary observing ship data. Journal of Climate, 19, 5667-5685. [FULL TEXT]

Haigh, I., R. Nicholls, and N. Wells, 2010: Assessing changes in extreme sea levels: Application to the English Channel, 1900-2006. Continental Shelf Research, 30, 1042-1055.

Hallberg, R., and A. Gnanadesikan, 2006: The role of eddies in determining the structure and response of the winddriven southern hemisphere overturning: Results from the Modeling Eddies in the Southern Ocean (MESO) project. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 36, 2232-2252. [FULL TEXT]

Hamon, M., G. Reverdin, and P. Y. Le Traon, 2012: Empirical correction of XBT data. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 29, 960-973. [FULL TEXT]

Hansen, B., and S. Osterhus, 2007: Faroe Bank Channel overflow 1995-2005. Progress in Oceanography, 75, 817-856.

Hansen, B., H. Hatun, R. Kristiansen, S. M. Olsen, and S. Osterhus, 2010: Stability and forcing of the Iceland-Faroe inflow of water, heat, and salt to the Arctic. Ocean Science, 6, 1013-1026. [FULL TEXT]

Hatun, H., A. B. Sando, H. Drange, B. Hansen, and H. Valdimarsson, 2005: Influence of the Atlantic subpolar gyre on the thermohaline circulation. Science, 309, 1841-1844. [FULL TEXT]

Held, I. M., and B. J. Soden, 2006: Robust responses of the hydrological cycle to global warming. Journal of Climate, 19, 5686-5699. [FULL TEXT]

Helm, K. P., N. L. Bindoff, and J. A. Church, 2010: Changes in the global hydrological-cycle inferred from ocean salinity. Geophysical Research Letters, 37, L18701.

Helm, K. P., N. L. Bindoff, and J. A. Church, 2011: Observed decreases in oxygen content of the global ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 38, L23602.

Hemer, M. A., 2010: Historical trends in Southern Ocean storminess: Long-term variability of extreme wave heights at Cape Sorell, Tasmania. Geophysical Research Letters, 37, L18601.

Hemer, M. A., J. A. Church, and J. R. Hunter, 2010: Variability and trends in the directional wave climate of the Southern Hemisphere. International Journal of Climatology, 30, 475-491. [FULL TEXT]

Hill, K. L., S. R. Rintoul, R. Coleman, and K. R. Ridgway, 2008: Wind forced low frequency variability of the East Australia Current. Geophysical Research Letters, 35, L08602.

Holgate, S. J., 2007: On the decadal rates of sea level change during the twentieth century. Geophysical Research Letters, 34, L01602. [FULL TEXT]

Holliday, N., et al., 2008: Reversal of the 1960s to 1990s freshening trend in the northeast North Atlantic and Nordic Seas. Geophysical Research Letters, 35, L03614. [FULL TEXT]

Hong, B. G., W. Sturges, and A. J. Clarke, 2000: Sea level on the US East Coast: Decadal variability caused by open ocean wind-curl forcing. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 30, 2088-2098. [FULL TEXT]

Hood, M., et al., 2010: Ship-based Repeat Hydrography: A Strategy for a Sustained Global Program. Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy. [FULL TEXT]

Hosoda, S., T. Suga, N. Shikama, and K. Mizuno, 2009: Global surface layer salinity change detected by Argo and its implication for hydrological cycle intensification. Journal of Oceanography, 65, 579-586. [FULL TEXT]

Houston, J. R., and R. G. Dean, 2011: Sea-level acceleration based on US tide gauges and extensions of previous global-gauge analyses. Journal of Coastal Research, 27, 409-417. [FULL TEXT]

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