AGW Observer

Observations of anthropogenic global warming

Archive for June, 2016

New research, June 17, 2016

Posted by Ari Jokimäki on June 17, 2016

After this, there will be a few weeks break in these posts. New research posts will then resume possibly in a new form – stay tuned.

Some new papers from last few days:

Investigating the pace of temperature change and its implications over the twenty-first century

Threshold Sensitivity of Shallow Arctic Lakes and Sub-lake Permafrost to Changing Winter Climate

Variability in the sensitivity among model simulations of permafrost and carbon dynamics in the permafrost region between 1960 and 2009

Longer thaw seasons increase nitrogen availability for leaching during fall in tundra soils (open access)

Spatial patterns and frequency of unforced decadal-scale changes in global mean surface temperature in climate models

Uncertainties in the attribution of greenhouse gas warming and implications for climate prediction

The linkage between stratospheric water vapor and surface temperature in an observation-constrained coupled general circulation model

A new perspective on global mean sea-level (GMSL) acceleration

The analysis of Last Interglacial (MIS 5e) relative sea-level indicators: Reconstructing sea-level in a warmer world

Organic matter losses in German Alps forest soils since the 1970s most likely caused by warming

Reversal of global atmospheric ethane and propane trends largely due to US oil and natural gas production

A high resolution record of Greenland mass balance

Derivation and validation of supraglacial lake volumes on the Greenland Ice Sheet from high-resolution satellite imagery

Revisiting Extreme Storms of the Past 100 Years for Future Safety of Large Water Management Infrastructures (open access)

Evidence of rising and poleward shift of storm surge in western North Pacific in recent decades

Role of ocean evaporation in California droughts and floods

Effects of a Warming Climate on Daily Snowfall Events in the Northern Hemisphere

Can significant trends be detected in surface air temperature and precipitation over South America in recent decades?

On the ambiguous nature of the 11-year solar cycle signal in upper stratospheric ozone

Improved Retrieval of Cloud Liquid Water from CloudSat and MODIS

Albedo climatology for European land surfaces retrieved from AVHRR data (1990-2014) and its spatial and temporal analysis from green–up to vegetation senescence

Using satellite-derived optical thickness to assess the influence of clouds on terrestrial carbon uptake

An observationally based global band-by-band surface emissivity dataset for climate and weather simulations

Decadal to centennial variability of salinity in the Baltic Sea

Highest drought sensitivity and lowest resistance to growth suppression are found in the range core of the tree Fagus sylvatica L. not the equatorial range edge (open access)

Biodiversity in marine invertebrate responses to acute warming revealed by a comparative multi-omics approach

The effects of elevated CO2 and eutrophication on surface elevation gain in a European saltmarsh

How will climate change affect the vegetation cycle over France ? A generic modeling approach

Micro-climatic controls and warming effects on flowering time in alpine snowbeds

Spring bloom onset in the Nordic Seas (open access)

The influence of climate variability on internal migration flows in South Africa

Regional organisations and climate change adaptation in small island developing states

Should we build wind farms close to load or invest in transmission to access better wind resources in remote areas? A case study in the MISO region

Paradigms and poverty in global energy policy: research needs for achieving universal energy access (open access)

Climatic Tipping Points and Optimal Fossil-Fuel Use

Likelihood of climate change pathways under uncertainty on fossil fuel resources availability

A quantitative description of state-level taxation of oil and gas production in the continental U.S

Towards a low carbon growth in Mexico: Is a double dividend possible? A dynamic general equilibrium assessment


Posted in Adaptation & Mitigation, Climate science, Global warming effects | Leave a Comment »

New research, June 13, 2016

Posted by Ari Jokimäki on June 13, 2016

Some new papers from last few days:

Sensitivity of Arctic warming to sea-ice concentration

New visualizations highlight new information on the contrasting Arctic and Antarctic sea-ice trends since the late 1970s

Conventional intensive logging promotes loss of organic carbon from the mineral soil

Bergmann’s rule in the oceans? Temperature strongly correlates with global interspecific patterns of body size in marine mammals

Quantifying the drivers of ocean-atmosphere CO2 fluxes

Climate impacts on multidecadal pCO2 variability in the North Atlantic: 1948–2009 (open access)

A reversal of climatic trends in the North Atlantic since 2005

Variability of Tornado Occurrence over the Continental United States since 1950

Spatial and Temporal Patterns of Drought in the Continental U.S. during the Past Century

Drought in Northeast Brazil—past, present, and future

Anthropogenic influence on the frequency of extreme temperatures in China

Fire and Climate in Mongolia (1532-2010 CE)

Increasing Trend of Pan Evaporation over Semi-Arid Loess Plateau under a Warming Climate

So, how much of the Earth’s surface is covered by rain gauges? (open access)

Century-scale causal relationships between global dry/wet conditions and the state of the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans

Future Aerosol Reductions and Widening of the Northern Tropical Belt

Recent trends and tele-connections among South and East Asian summer monsoons in a warming environment

Anomalous mid-twentieth century atmospheric circulation change over the South Atlantic compared to the last 6000 years (open access)

Tropospheric moisture in the Southwest Pacific as revealed by homogenized radiosonde data: climatology and decadal trend

Lower tropospheric mixing as a constraint on cloud feedback in a Multi-Parameter Multi-Physics Ensemble

Stratospheric Temperature Climate Data Record from Merged SSU and AMSU-A Observations

Amphibian Breeding Phenology Trends under Climate Change: Predicting the Past to Forecast the Future

Increased variance in temperature and lag effects alter phenological responses to rapid warming in a subarctic plant community

Anthropogenic-driven rapid shifts in tree distribution lead to increased dominance of broadleaf species

Assessing woody vegetation trends in Sahelian drylands using MODIS based seasonal metrics

Daytime warming lowers community temporal stability by reducing the abundance of dominant, stable species

Seagrass meadows are threatened by expected loss of peatlands in Indonesia

Climate-driven vital rates do not always mean climate-driven population

Near future pH conditions severely impact calcification, metabolism and the nervous system in the pteropod Heliconoides inflatus

On the declining relationship between tree growth and climate in the Midwest United States: the fading drought signal

Recent glacier changes in the Tien Shan observed by satellite gravity measurements

Greenland Ice Sheet influence on Last Interglacial climate: global sensitivity studies performed with an atmosphere–ocean general circulation model (open access)

An investigation into linearity with cumulative emissions of the climate and carbon cycle response in HadCM3LC (open access)

Conflict about Climate Change at the American Meteorological Society: Meteorologists’ Views on a Scientific and Organizational Controversy (open access)

Linking climate change perceptions to adaptation and mitigation action

An experimental investigation into ‘pledge and review’ in climate negotiations

Climate change and social transformations: is it time for a quantum leap?

A people‐centred perspective on climate change, environmental stress, and livelihood resilience in Bangladesh

Cost-effective electric vehicle charging infrastructure siting for Delhi (open access)

The relative importance of climate change and population growth for exposure to future extreme droughts

Future heat-related climate change impacts on tourism industry in Cyprus

Assessing the impacts of temperature variations on rice yield in China

Temperature and precipitation effects on agrarian economy in late imperial China (open access)

Posted in Adaptation & Mitigation, Climate science, Global warming effects | 2 Comments »

New research, June 6, 2016

Posted by Ari Jokimäki on June 6, 2016

Some new papers from last few days:

Isolating the Temperature Feedback Loop and Its Effects on Surface Temperature

Changes in anthropogenic carbon storage in the Northeast Pacific in the last decade

Tropical amphibians in shifting thermal landscapes under land use and climate change

Climate change impacts on wildlife in a High Arctic archipelago – Svalbard, Norway

Modelling interannual variation in the spring and autumn land surface phenology of the European forest (open access)

Disturbance and the Carbon Balance of US Forests: A Quantitative Review of Impacts from Harvests, Fires, Insects, and Droughts

Vulnerabilities of macrophytes distribution due to climate change

Melt onset over Arctic sea ice controlled by atmospheric moisture transport

Using timing of ice retreat to predict timing of fall freeze-up in the Arctic

Time forecast of a break-off event from a hanging glacier (open access)

Detection of anthropogenic influence on a summertime heat stress index

Seasonal spatial patterns of projected anthropogenic warming in complex terrain: a modeling study of the western US

Fast–slow climate dynamics and peak global warming

The Atlanto-Pacific multidecade oscillation and its imprint on the global temperature record

Tropical climate variability: interactions across the Pacific, Indian, and Atlantic Oceans

On Cold Spells in North America and Storminess in Western Europe

Interdecadal Change in Tropical Pacific Precipitation Anomaly Pattern around the late-1990s during Boreal Spring

Tropospheric circulation during the early twentieth century Arctic warming

Estimation of sampling error uncertainties in observed surface air temperature change in China

Seasonality of Global and Arctic Black Carbon Processes in the AMAP Models

Tambora 1815 as a test case for high impact volcanic eruptions: Earth system effects (open access)

1200 years of warm-season temperature variability in central Scandinavia inferred from tree-ring density (open access)

A 2000-year temperature reconstruction in the Animaqin Mountains of the Tibet Plateau, China

A refined method for calculating paleotemperatures from linear correlations in bamboo coral carbon and oxygen isotopes

Vulnerability of and risk to water resources in arid and semi-arid regions of West China under a scenario of climate change

Climate change adaptation: factors influencing Chinese smallholder farmers’ perceived self-efficacy and adaptation intent

Impacts of drought and responses of rural populations in West Africa: a systematic review

Local communities’ belief in climate change in a rural region of Sub-Saharan Africa

Modelling climate change impacts on viticultural yield, phenology and stress conditions in Europe

Interactive effects of temperature and drought on cassava growth and toxicity: implications for food security?

Visual climate change art 2005–2015: discourse and practice

Nitrogen fertilization challenges the climate benefit of cellulosic biofuels (open access)

Making sense of climate risk information: the case of future indoor climate risks in Swedish churches

Posted in Adaptation & Mitigation, Climate science, Global warming effects | Leave a Comment »

New research, June 2, 2016

Posted by Ari Jokimäki on June 2, 2016

Some new papers from last few days:

No significant increase in long-term CH4 emissions on North Slope of Alaska despite significant increase in air temperature

Evidence for methane production by the marine algae Emiliania huxleyi (open access)

Southern Ocean warming delayed by circumpolar upwelling and equatorward transport

Circulation and meltwater distribution in the Bellingshausen Sea: from shelf break to coast

Ice flow dynamics and mass loss of Totten Glacier, East Antarctica from 1989 to 2015

Extraordinary runoff from the Greenland ice sheet in 2012 amplified by hypsometry and depleted firn retention (open access)

Modeling of ocean-induced ice melt rates of five West Greenland glaciers over the past two decades

Historic drought puts the brakes on earthflows in Northern California

Real-time extreme weather event attribution with forecast seasonal SSTs (open access)

A new method for generating the thermal growing degree-days and season in China during the last century

Impact of pollen resources drift on common bumble bees in NW Europe

Scale dependence of temperature as an abiotic driver of species’ distributions

Effect of water temperature on survival of early-life stages of marbled flounder Pseudopleuronectes yokohamae in Tokyo Bay, Japan

Geospatial assessment of long-term changes in carbon stocks and fluxes in forests of India (1930–2013)

Modelling impact of freezing temperatures on reproductive organs of deciduous fruit trees

Distribution ranges and spring phenology explain late frost sensitivity in 170 woody plants from the Northern Hemisphere

Colony-specific calcification and mortality under ocean acidification in the branching coral Montipora digitata

Vulnerability of a semi-enclosed estuarine sea to ocean acidification in contrast with hypoxia

Space-based detection of missing sulfur dioxide sources of global air pollution

Arctic sea surface height variability and change from satellite radar altimetry and GRACE, 2003-2014

Revealing the early ice flow patterns with historical Declassified Intelligence Satellite Photographs back to 1960s

Global snow cover estimation with Microwave Brightness Temperature measurements and one-class in situ observations

Eroding permafrost coasts release low amounts of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) from ground ice into the nearshore zone of the Arctic Ocean

Glacial onset predated Late Ordovician climate cooling

Learning the hard way: a case study of an attempt at agricultural transformation in response to climate change

Farmer perceptions of climate change: Associations with observed temperature and precipitation trends, irrigation, and climate beliefs

Climate change impacts on rainfed cropping production systems in the tropics and the case of smallholder farms in North-west Cambodia

Heterogeneous Beliefs and Climate Catastrophes

Green and cool roofs to mitigate urban heat island effects in the Chicago metropolitan area: evaluation with a regional climate model (open access)

Bias present in US federal agency power plant CO2 emissions data and implications for the US clean power plan (open access)

Exploring the causal relationship between carbon emissions and land urbanization quality in China using a panel data analysis

CO2 emission and economic growth in Algeria

Mode of action uncovered for the specific reduction of methane emissions from ruminants by the small molecule 3-nitrooxypropanol

Impacts of artificial ocean alkalinization on the carbon cycle and climate in Earth system simulations

A global life cycle assessment for primary zinc production

Life cycle assessment of consumption choices: a comparison between disposable and rechargeable household batteries

Posted in Adaptation & Mitigation, Climate science, Global warming effects | Leave a Comment »

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