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Archive for July, 2016

New research – extreme weather (July 31, 2016)

Posted by Ari Jokimäki on July 31, 2016

Some of the latest papers on extreme weather are shown below. First a few highlighted papers with abstracts and then a list of some other papers. If this subject interests you, be sure to check also the other papers – they are by no means less interesting than the highlighted ones.


Drivers of exceptionally cold North Atlantic Ocean temperatures and their link to the 2015 European heat wave (Duchez et al. 2016)

Abstract: The North Atlantic and Europe experienced two extreme climate events in 2015: exceptionally cold ocean surface temperatures and a summer heat wave ranked in the top ten over the past 65 years. Here, we show that the cold ocean temperatures were the most extreme in the modern record over much of the mid-high latitude North-East Atlantic. Further, by considering surface heat loss, ocean heat content and wind driven upwelling we explain for the first time the genesis of this cold ocean anomaly. We find that it is primarily due to extreme ocean heat loss driven by atmospheric circulation changes in the preceding two winters combined with the re-emergence of cold ocean water masses. Furthermore, we reveal that a similar cold Atlantic anomaly was also present prior to the most extreme European heat waves since the 1980s indicating that it is a common factor in the development of these events. For the specific case of 2015, we show that the ocean anomaly is linked to a stationary position of the Jet Stream that favours the development of high surface temperatures over Central Europe during the heat wave. Our study calls for an urgent assessment of the impact of ocean drivers on major European summer temperature extremes in order to provide better advance warning measures of these high societal impact events.

Predicting Atlantic seasonal hurricane activity using outgoing longwave radiation over Africa (Karnauskas & Li, 2016)

Abstract: Seasonal hurricane activity is a function of the amount of initial disturbances (e.g., easterly waves) and the background environment in which they develop into tropical storms (i.e., the main development region). Focusing on the former, a set of indices based solely upon the meridional structure of satellite-derived outgoing longwave radiation (OLR) over the African continent are shown to be capable of predicting Atlantic seasonal hurricane activity with very high rates of success. Predictions of named storms based on the July OLR field and trained only on the time period prior to the year being predicted yield a success rate of 87%, compared to the success rate of NOAA’s August outlooks of 53% over the same period and with the same average uncertainty range (±2). The resulting OLR indices are statistically robust, highly detectable, physically linked to the predictand, and may account for longer-term observed trends.

Seasonal mean temperature changes control future heat waves (Argüeso et al. 2016)

Abstract: Increased temperature will result in longer, more frequent, and more intense heat waves. Changes in temperature variability have been deemed necessary to account for future heat wave characteristics. However, this has been quantified only in Europe and North America, while the rest of the globe remains unexplored. Using late century global climate projections, we show that annual mean temperature increases is the key factor defining heat wave changes in most regions. We find that commonly studied areas are an exception rather than the standard and the mean climate change signal generally outweighs any influence from variability changes. More importantly, differences in warming across seasons are responsible for most of the heat wave changes and their consideration relegates the contribution of variability to a marginal role. This reveals that accurately capturing mean seasonal changes is crucial to estimate future heat waves and reframes our interpretation of future temperature extremes.

A Review of Drought in the Middle East and Southwest Asia (Barlow et al. 2016)

Abstract: The Middle East and Southwest Asia comprise a region that is water-stressed, societally vulnerable, and prone to severe droughts. Large-scale climate variability, particularly La Niña, appears to play an important role in region-wide drought, including the two most severe of the last fifty years—1999-2001 and 2007-2008—with implications for drought forecasting. Important dynamical factors include orography, thermodynamic influence on vertical motion, storm track changes, and moisture transport. Vegetation in the region is strongly impacted by drought and may provide an important feedback mechanism. In future projections, drying of the eastern Mediterranean is a robust feature, as are temperature increases throughout the region, which will affect evaporation and the timing and intensity of snowmelt. Vegetation feedbacks may become more important in a warming climate.

There are a wide range of outstanding issues for understanding, monitoring, and predicting drought in the region, including: dynamics of the regional storm track, the relative importance of the range of dynamical mechanisms related to drought, regional coherence of drought, the relationship between synoptic-scale mechanisms and drought, predictability of vegetation and crop yields, stability of remote influences, data uncertainty, and the role of temperature. Development of a regional framework for cooperative work and dissemination of information and existing forecasts would speed understanding and make better use of available information.

Should flood regimes change in a warming climate? The role of antecedent moisture conditions (Woldemeskel & Sharma, 2016)

Abstract: Assessing changes to flooding is important for designing new and redesigning existing infrastructure to withstand future climates. While there is speculation that floods are likely to intensify in the future, this question is often difficult to assess due to inadequate records on streamflow extremes. An alternate way of determining possible extreme flooding is through assessment of the two key factors that lead to the intensification of floods: the intensification of causative rainfall and changes in the wetness conditions prior to rainfall. This study assesses global changes in the antecedent wetness prior to extreme rainfall. Our results indicate a significant increase in the antecedent moisture in Australia and Africa over the last century; however, there was also a decrease in Eurasia and insignificant change in North America. Given the nature of changes found in this study, any future flood assessment for global warming conditions should take into account antecedent moisture conditions.

Other papers

The evolution of temperature extremes in the Gaspé Peninsula, Quebec, Canada (1974–2013) (Fortin et al. 2016)

On the emergence of rainfall extremes from ordinary events (Zorzetto et al. 2016)

Changes of extreme drought and flood events in Iran (Modarres, Sarhadi & Burn, 2016)

An integrated analysis of the March 2015 Atacama floods (Wilcox et al. 2016)

Tropical cyclones in the GISS ModelE2 (Camargo et al. 2016)

Trends and variability in extremes of precipitation in Curitiba – Southern Brazil (Pedron et al. 2016)

North Atlantic Storm Track Sensitivity to Projected Sea Surface Temperature: Local versus Remote Influences (Ciasto et al. 2016)

Observed changes in extreme temperature and precipitation over Indonesia (Supari et al. 2016)

A Modeling Study of the Causes and Predictability of the Spring 2011 Extreme US Weather Activity (Schubert et al. 2016)

A Situation-based Analysis of Flash Flood Fatalities in the United States (Terti et al. 2016)

Climatology and trend analysis of extreme precipitation in subregions of Northeast Brazil (Oliveira et al. 2016)

Can we predict seasonal changes in high impact weather in the United States? (Jung & Kirtman, 2016)

Does population affect the location of flash flood reports? (Marjerison et al. 2016)

The Physics of Drought in the U.S. Central Great Plains (Livneh & Hoerling, 2016)

Heat wave over India during summer 2015: an assessment of real time extended range forecast (Pattanaik et al. 2016)

Investigation of the 2013 Alberta flood from weather and climate perspectives (Teufel et al. 2016)

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Papers of Climatic Change

Posted by Ari Jokimäki on July 29, 2016

Below are listed all the papers in journal Climatic Change between years 1977 and 2012.

Climate and energy: A scenario to a 21st century problem (Flohn, 1977)
Climate change and the world predicament: A case study for interdisciplinary research (Schneider, 1977)
How long is coal’s future? (Rotty, 1977)
On geoengineering and the CO2 problem (Marchetti, 1977)
Nine fallacies of natural disaster: The case of the Sahel (Glantz, 1977)
Assessing the impact of climatic change on food production (Katz, 1977)
A Canadian haze climatology (Vickers, 1977)
Effect of increased nitrogen fixation on stratospheric ozone (Pratt, 1977)
Anthropogenic impact on the albedo of the earth (Otterman, 1977)
Takoradi-Khartoum air route (Hare, 1977)
Climate and the changing sun (Eddy, 1977)
Climatic and human history in Europe and Latin America: An opportunity for comparative study (Claxton, 1978)
Ocean deserts and ocean oases (Thompson, 1978)
Influence of solar activity on winter temperatures: New climatological evidence (Schuurmans, 1978)
Harvest dates in ancient mesopotamia as possible indicators of climatic variations (Neumann & Sigrist, 1978)
A reassessment of stratospheric ozone: Credibility of the threat (Ellsaesser, 1978)
International liability for weather modification (Weiss, 1978)
The World predicament (Ellsaesser, 1978)
Author’s reply to Hugh Ellsaesser (Schneider, 1978)
Minimizing the environmental impact by more effective energy utilization (Krentz, 1978)
Average winter temperatures at De Bilt (the Netherlands): 1634–1977 (Dool et al., 1978)
Weather compilations as a source of data for the reconstruction of european climate during the medieval period (Bell & Ogilvie, 1978)
On the temperature coefficient of PCO2 in seawater (MacIntyre, 1978)
Effects of a variable sun at the beginning of the Cenozoic era (Sonnenfeld, 1978)
Letter concerning the paper ‘global cooling?’ (Carter, 1978)
Reply to “letter concerning the paper ‘Global Cooling?’” (Damon & Kunen, 1978)
Assessment with agro-climatological information (Sakamoto et al., 1979)
Influence of area on winter wheat climatic models (Greene et al., 1979)
Climate variability in the Pacific Northwest and its effect on stripe rust disease of winter wheat (Coakley, 1979)
Atmospheric response to deep-sea injections of fossil-fuel carbon dioxide (Hoffert et al., 1979)
Some aspects of the relation between monthly temperatures and rainfall, and its use in evaluating earlier climates in the Middle East (Striem, 1979)
Periodicities in blue crab population of Chesapeake Bay (Hurt et al., 1979)
Variations in sunspot structure and climate (Hoyt, 1979)
New Zealand climate: The temperature record, historical data and some agricultural implications (Salinger, 1979)
Growing season length as an indicator of climatic variations? (Brinkmann, 1979)
Interannual temperature variability in the United States since 1896 (Chico & Sellers, 1979)
Arctic sea ice decay simulated for a CO2-induced temperature rise (Parkinson & Kellogg, 1979)
Climate modelling for the nesting scientist (Paltridge, 1979)
Recent changes in the level of Lake Naivasha, Kenya, as an indicator of equatorial westerlies over East Africa (Vincent et al., 1979)
Stratospheric ozone (Whitten, 1979)
Estimates of gross and net fluxes of carbon between the biosphere and the atmosphere from biomass burning (Seiler & Crutzen, 1980)
Anomalies in temperature and rainfall during warm Arctic seasons as a guide to the formulation of climate scenarios (Williams, 1980)
Magnitude of ocean temperature feedback effects in a coupled carbon-budget energy-balance model for the period 1800–2100 (Burt & Viecelli, 1980)
Albedo changes — Surface surveillance from satellites (Henderson-Sellers, 1980)
An approach to modeling climate based on feedback relationships (Wright, 1980)
A persisting misconception about the drought of 1958 in Northeast Brazil (Rose, 1980)
African environmental and climatic changes and the general atmospheric circulation in late pleistocene and holocene (Nicholson & Flohn, 1980)
Climate and global grain yield variability (Sakamoto et al., 1980)
Temporal and spatial variation of rainfall anomalies in Africa south of latitude 22° during the period of meteorological record (Tyson, 1980)
Socioeconomic impacts of CO2-induced climatic changes and the comparative chances of alternative political responses: Prevention, compensation, and adaptation (Meyer-Abich, 1980)
Climate models and CO2-induced climatic changes (Watts, 1980)
Daily weather mapping from 1781: A detailed synoptic examination of weather and climate during the decade leading up to the French revolution (Kington, 1980)
On the relationship between winter thunder and the climatic change in China in the past 2200 years (Wang, 1980)
Forests and climate change in America: Some early views (Thompson, 1980)
Evidence bearing on the mechanism of rapid deglaciation (Ruddiman et al., 1980)
Winds in southeast Queensland and rain in Australia and their possible long-term relationship with sunspot number (Ward & Russell, 1980)
A numerical simulation of the effects of changing vegetation type on surface hydroclimatology (Sellers & Lockwood, 1981)
Transient climate response to changing carbon dioxide concentration (Michael et al., 1981)
Numerical experiments on ice age climates (Adem, 1981)
The cold and wet year 1695 — a contemporary German account (Lindgrén & Neumann, 1981)
A survey of possible effects of long-lasting absence of solar activity on climate and some speculations on possible mechanisms (Molnár, 1981)
Irrigation and carbon dioxide, or what’s in a supposition (Yaalon, 1981)
Irrigation and carbon dioxide: Virtual value (Kodva, 1981)
Climate from tree rings (Kelly et al., 1981)
The question of climatic stability in America before 1900 (Thompson, 1981)
Weather ‘records’ and climatic change (Hoyt, 1981)
Estimation of Tigris-Euphrates streamflow from regional paleoenvironmental proxy data (Kay & Johnson, 1981)
The increasing CO2 concentration in the atmosphere and its implication on agricultural productivity (Rosenberg, 1981)
A carbon cycle model with latitude dependence (Viecelli et al., 1981)
Limatic variables that control development of stripe rust disease on winter wheat (Coakley & Line, 1981)
Recently increased tropical cyclone activity and inferences concerning coastal erosion and inland hydrological regimes in New Zealand and Eastern Australia (, 1981)
Summer dryness due to an increase of atmospheric CO2 concentration (Manabe et al., 1981)
Societal response to CO2-induced climate change: Opportunities for research (Warrick & Riebsame, 1981)
Interdisciplinary research and integration: The case of CO2 and climate (Chen, 1981)
Comment on Meyer-Abich’s socioeconomic impacts of CO2-induced climatic changes (climatic change 2, 373) (Schware, 1981)
Reply (Meyer-Abich, 1981)
Economic impact analysis and climate change: A conceptual introduction (Smith, 1982)
Towards regional scenarios for a CO2-warmed Earth (Pittock & Salinger, 1982)
A century of precipitation variability along the pacific coast of North America and its impact (McGuirk, 1982)
Twentieth century changes in winter climatic regions (Balling & Lawson, 1982)
Crossings of ice-bound sea surfaces in history (Lindgrén & Neumann, 1982)
Solar, volcanic, and CO2 forcing of recent climatic changes (Gilliland, 1982)
The economics of atmosphere monitoring systems: Theory and applications (Sassone, 1982)
The decline of Late Bronze Age civilization as a possible response to climatic change (Weiss, 1982)
Latent heat of melting and its importance for glaciation cycles (Fong, 1982)
The Montsouris series of carbon dioxide concentration measurements, 1877–1910 (Stanhill, 1982)
The increasing CO2 concentration in the atmosphere and its implication on agricultural productivity II. Effects through CO2-induced climatic change (Rosenberg, 1982)
The response of the ‘green revolution’ to climatic variability (Michaels, 1982)
Federal drought planning in the Great Plains — A first look (Quinn, 1982)
A Markov-chain model for winterstrength in the upper Danube Region (Cehak, 1982)
Glacial cycles and ice-sheet modelling (Oerlemans, 1982)
Analysis of the climatic signal in the South Dome, Greenland ice core (Lawson et al., 1982)
The reconstruction of eighteenth century temperature records through the use of content analysis (Baron, 1982)
A diagnosis of twentieth century temperature records at West Lafayette, Indiana (Agee, 1982)
Carbon-14 production compared to oxygen isotope records from Camp Century, Greenland and Devon Island, Canada (Fisher, 1982)
Can we assess the impacts of climatic changes? (Ausubel, 1983)
Recent changes in sea level and their possible causes (Barnett, 1983)
Anomalies in temperature and rainfall during warm Arctic seasons (Jäger & Kellogg, 1983)
Atmospheric transmission at Davos, Switzerland 1909–1979 (Hoyt & Fröhlich, 1983)
On climatic changes due to a deliberate flooding of the Qattara depression (Egypt) (Segal et al., 1983)
The migration of geese as an indicator of climate change in the southern Hudson Bay region between 1715 and 1851 (Ball, 1983)
Reply to J. Ausubel (Lovins & Lovins, 1983)
Summer sea ice severity in Hudson Strait, 1751–1870 (Catchpole & Faurer, 1983)
A note on the historical industrial production of carbon dioxide (Elliott, 1983)
The effects of carbon cycle model error in calculating future atmospheric carbon dioxide levels (Laurmann & Spreiter, 1983)
Climatic inferences from the ventilated thermocline (Luyten et al., 1983)
On predicting calamities (Rasool, 1983)
Reply to Rasool (Hansen et al., 1983)
The nature of the short period fluctuations in solar irradiance received by the earth (Smith et al., 1983)
On some characteristics of insolation changes in the past and the future (Borisenkov et al., 1983)
Climate and prehistory on the Yucatan peninsula (Dahlin, 1983)
Tax records from western Norway, as an index of Little Ice Age environmental and economic deterioration (Grove & Battagel, 1983)
Breakup and freezeup of the Red River at Winnipeg, Manitoba Canada in the 19th century and some climatic implications (Rannie, 1983)
Bio-controlled thermostasis involving the sulfur cycle (Shaw, 1983)
The pre-industrial carbon dioxide level (Wigley, 1983)
Recent climatic change in Australia: Implications for a CO2-warmed earth (Pittock, 1983)
Trends in floods and related climate conditions in Illinois (Changnon, 1983)
On the desertification of the Sahel zone Part 1: Ground observations (Wendler & Eaton, 1983)
A 30000 year record of physical and optical properties of microparticles from an East Antarctic ice core and implications for paleoclimate reconstruction models (Royer et al., 1983)
Comments on ‘the Montsouris series of carbon dioxide concentration measurements, 1877–1910’, by G. Stanhill (Waterman, 1983)
Reply with some additional details on ‘the Montsouris series of carbon dioxide concentration measurements, 1877–1910’ (Stanhill, 1983)
The possible impacts on wheat production of a recurrence of the 1930s drought in the U.S. Great Plains (Warrick, 1984)
On modelling the seasonal thermodynamic cycle of sea ice in studies of climatic change (Semtner, 1984)
Instrumental temperature records at two sites in Central Canada: 1768 to 1910 (Ball & Kingsley, 1984)
Analysis of the series of precipitation at Padova, Italy (Camuffo, 1984)
Rainfall patterns in the eastern United States (Vines, 1984)
The climatic response of the Arctic Ocean to Soviet river diversions (Semtner, 1984)
The past climate and sea-ice record from Iceland, Part 1: Data to A.D. 1780 (Ogilvie, 1984)
The atmospheric carbon dioxide response to oceanic primary productivity fluctuations (Viecelli, 1984)
A simulation study for the global carbon cycle, including man’s impact on the biosphere (Goudriaan & Ketner, 1984)
Climatic change and water requirements for grain corn in the North American Great Plains (Terjung et al., 1984)
Possible climatic impacts of land cover transformations, with particular emphasis on tropical deforestation (Henderson-Sellers & Gornitz, 1984)
Modeling the earth’s climate (Meehl, 1984)
Fluctuations in All-India summer monsoon rainfall during 1871–1978 (Mooley & Parthasarathy, 1984)
Local recent changes in extreme air temperature (Palumbo & Mazzarella, 1984)
Atmospheric effects from post-nuclear fires (Crutzen et al., 1984)
A commentary on the recent CO2-climate controversy (Cess & Potter, 1984)
The carbon dioxide/climate controversy: Some personal comments on two recent publications (Webster, 1984)
Comments on ‘solar, volcanic and CO2 forcing of recent climatic changes’ (Enting et al., 1984)
Reply to comments on ‘solar, volcanic and CO2 forcing of recent climatic changes’ (Gilliland, 1984)
19th century measurements of atmospheric CO2 — A comment (Siegenthaler, 1984)
A further reply concerning the accuracy of the ‘montsouris series of carbon dioxide concentration measurements, 1877–1910’ (Stanhill, 1984)
Scales of climate impacts (Clark, 1985)
Climatic change and the broad-scale distribution of terrestrial ecosystem complexes (Emanuel et al., 1985)
Sensitivity of boreal forests to possible climatic warming (Kauppi & Posch, 1985)
Estimated bioresource sensitivity to climatic change in Alberta, Canada (Williams, 1985)
The use of general circulation models in climate impact analysis — A preliminary study of the impacts of a CO2- induced climatic change on West European agriculture (Santer, 1985)
The effect of climatic variations on agricultural risk (Parry & Carter, 1985)
Sensitivity of icelandic agriculture to climatic variations (Bergthorsson, 1985)
Sensitivity of agricultural production to climatic change (Oram, 1985)
Expert judgment and climate forecasting: A methodological critique of “climate change to the year 2000” (Stewart & Glantz, 1985)
Economic and climatic factors in ‘acreage abandonment’ over marginal cropland (Michaels, 1985)
An estimate of average annual temperature variations for North America, 1602 to 1961 (Fritts & Lough, 1985)
The Minnesota long-term temperature record (Baker et al., 1985)
Nuclear war: Illustrative effects of atmospheric smoke and dust upon solar radiation (Cess, 1985)
The use of general circulation models in the analysis of the ecosystem impacts of climatic change (Gates, 1985)
A survey of anthropogenic vegetation changes in West Africa during the last century — climatic implications (Gornitz, 1985)
A crop-based rainfall chronology for pre-instrumental record southern California (Rowntree, 1985)
An urban impact model for changes in the length of the frost free season at selected Canadian stations (Nkemdirim & Venkatesan, 1985)
Potential CO2-induced climate effects on North American wheat-producing regions (Rosenzweig, 1985)
The effect of spatial resolution on archives of land cover type (Henderson-Sellers et al., 1985)
Fluctuations in the length of the growing season in Minnesota (Skaggs & Baker, 1985)
An oxygen isotope — Climate record from the Law Dome, Antarctica (Morgan, 1985)
Investigations on variations of the subtropical high in the Western Pacific during historic times (Huang & Wang, 1985)
Climatic change as a topic in the classical Greek and Roman literature (Neumann, 1985)
Comment on ‘climatic change and the broad-scale distribution of terrestrial ecosystem complexes’ by Emanuel, Shugart, and Stevenson (Rowntree, 1985)
Response to comment: Climatic change and the broad-scale distribution of terrestrial ecosystem complexes (Emanuel et al., 1985)
An investigation of cloud cover change in response to thermal forcing (Wetherald & Manabe, 1986)
Cloud changes in a warmer Europe (Henderson-Sellers, 1986)
The impact of climatic variations on British economic growth, 1856–1913 (Solomou, 1986)
Past Antarctic Peninsula climate (1850–1980) deduced from an ice core isotope record (Aristarain et al., 1986)
Biocontrolled thermostasis involving the sulfur cycle (Rodhe, 1986)
Response to Dr. H. Rodhe (Shaw, 1986)
Historical evidence and climatic implications of a shift in the boreal forest tundra transition in central Canada (Ball, 1986)
Impacts of CO2-induced climatic change on water resources in the Great Lakes Basin (Cohen, 1986)
Potential effect of nuclear war smokefall on sea ice (Ledley & Thompson, 1986)
The Southern Oscillation, environmental anomalies, and mortality of two Southern African seabirds (La Cock, 1986)
Are droughts predictable? (Kane & Trivedi, 1986)
The smoke plume from the bombed city of Dresden: A personal recollection (Kraus, 1986)
General circulation model CO2 sensitivity experiments: Snow-sea ice albedo parameterizations and globally averaged surface air temperature (Washington & Meehl, 1986)
The effect of changing climate on Australian biomass production — a preliminary study (Pittock & Nix, 1986)
Accelerated plate motion and rates of volcanicity as controls on Archean climates (Wyrwoll & McConchie, 1986)
Climatic variation and trends in the boreal forest region of Western Canada (Singh & Powell, 1986)
Possible influences of solar radiation variations on the atmospheric circulation in the northern hemisphere of the earth (Schmidt, 1986)
Defining desertification: A review (Verstraete, 1986)
Introduction to soil degradation processes in drylands (Rapp, 1986)
Desertification processes and impact in rainfed agricultural regions (Sanders, 1986)
Desertification processes and impacts in irrigated regions (Perry, 1986)
Desertification in southern Europe (Grove, 1986)
Global food futures and desertification (Hekstra & Liverman, 1986)
Drought strategies in East Africa: The climatologist’s role (Palutikof, 1986)
Drought prediction (Oguntoyinbo, 1986)
General circulation model experiments with surface albedo changes (Laval, 1986)
Weather modification in arid regions: The Israeli experience (Berkofsky, 1986)
Desertification indicators (Mabbutt, 1986)
Potentialities and limitations of conventional climatological data for desertification monitoring and control (Landsberg, 1986)
The design and use of climatological data banks, with emphasis on the preparation and homogenization of surface monthly records (Palutikof & Goddess, 1986)
Land remote sensing technology and methodology (Hutchinson, 1986)
Potentialities and problems of satellite remote sensing with special reference to arid and semiarid regions (Barrett & Hamilton, 1986)
Water erosion control (Sanders, 1986)
Wind erosion climatic erosivity (Skidmore, 1986)
Wind erosion control (Skidmore, 1986)
The airborne transport of Saharan dust: A review (Morales, 1986)
Use of dust storm observations on satellite images to identify areas vulnerable to severe wind erosion (Breed & McCauley, 1986)
Increasing cloud in a warming world (Henderson-Sellers, 1986)
Estimates of CO2 from wood fuel based on forest harvest data (Rotty, 1986)
Climatic change and grain corn yields in the North American Great Plains (Liverman et al., 1986)
A high stand of the Dead Sea at the end of the Neolithic period: Paleoclimatic and archeological implications (Goodfriend et al., 1986)
Environmental studies of nuclear war: A recent synthesis and future prospects — An editorial/review essay (Covey, 1987)
Simulated climate and CO2—Induced climate change over Western Europe (Wilson & Mitchell, 1987)
Freezing of the Venetian Lagoon since the 9th century A.D. in comparision to the climate of western Europe and England (Camuffo, 1987)
Indications of change of climate from the analysis of air temperature time series in Athens, Greece (Katsoulis, 1987)
A clarification of my position on the CO2/climate connection (Idso, 1987)
A clarification of certain issues related to the CO2—Climate problem (Potter et al., 1987)
Mankind’s impact on climate: The evolution of an awareness (Kellogg, 1987)
Regional hydrologic consequences of increases in atmospheric CO2 and other trace gases (Gleick, 1987)
The application of a present-day climatic model to the late quaternary in southern Africa (Cockcroft et al., 1987)
Holocene climatic changes over northwest India: An appraisal (Pant & Maliekal, 1987)
Temporal changes in design rainfall frequencies in Illinois (Huff & Changnon, 1987)
An assessment of the possible effects of volcanic eruptions on North American climate using tree-ring data, 1602 to 1900 A.D. (Lough & Fritts, 1987)
Ice-albedo feedback in a CO2-doubling simulation (Dickinson et al., 1987)
Reconstruction of seasonal temperatures in Central Canada since A.D. 1700 and detection of the 18.6- and 22-year signals (Guiot, 1987)
Climatic oscillations during the Precambrian era (Zahnle & Walker, 1987)
Late Quaternary environmental changes inferred from small mammalian fauna, southern Africa (Thackeray, 1987)
Forecasting in the social and natural sciences: An overview and analysis of isomorphisms (Land & Schneider, 1987)
The social forecasting industry (Smith, 1987)
Forecasts in urban transportation planning: Uses, methods, and dilemmas (Wachs, 1987)
Forecasting errors: The importance of the decision-making context (Dennis, 1987)
The Delphi technique and judgmental forecasting (Stewart, 1987)
Econometric forecasting: A brief survey of current and future techniques (Granger &Engle, 1987)
A survey of census bureau population projection methods (Long & McMillen, 1987)
Forecasting health status changes in an aging U.S. population: Assessment of the current status and some proposals (Manton, 1987)
Recent developments in technological forecasting (Martino, 1987)
The predictability of weather and climate (Somerville, 1987)
Errors in forecasting social phenomena (Berk & Cooley, 1987)
Forecasting the impact of climate on food systems: Model testing and model linkage (Liverman, 1987)
On climate change and economic analysis (Sonka & Lamb, 1987)
Evaluation of satellite derived land cover characteristics for global climate modelling (Thomas & Henderson-Sellers, 1987)
Modelling sea surface temperature rise resulting from increasing atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations (Henderson-Sellers, 1987)
Advertent/inadvertent changes in the spatial distribution of rainfall in the central coastal plain of Israel (Goldreich, 1987)
The historical temperature series of Bologna (Italy): 1716–1774 (Comani, 1987)
Comment on ‘The effect of changing climate on Australian biomass production — A preliminary study’, A. B. Pittock and H. A. Nix (Lashof, 1987)
Reply to Daniel A. Lashof (Pittock, 1987)
Paleoclimatic variability at frequencies ranging from 1 cycle per 10 000 years to 1 cycle per 1000 years: Evidence for nonlinear behaviour of the climate system (Pestiaux et al., 1988)
Estimated annual regime of energy-balance components, evapotranspiration and soil moisture for a drainage basin in the case of a CO2 doubling (Bultot et al., 1988)
Quantifying how climatic factors affect variation in plant disease severity: A general method using a new way to analyze meteorological data (Coakley et al., 1988)
Spectral characteristics of the series of annual rainfall in England and Wales (Kane, 1988)
Climatic change and great lakes levels the impact on shipping (Marchand et al., 1988)
Climate and economic competitiveness: Florida freezes and the global citrus processing industry (Miller & Glantz, 1988)
Climatic warming and increased summer aridity in Florida, U.S.A. (Coleman, 1988)
Multi-year fluctuations of temperature and precipitation: The gray area of climate change (Karl, 1988)
Initial uncertainties in ‘nuclear winter’: A proposed test based on the dresden firestorm (Peczkis, 1988)
The explosive volcanic eruption signal in northern hemisphere continental temperature records (Bradley, 1988)
Carbon dioxide emissions in a methane economy (Ausubel et al., 1988)
Solar rotation, impulses of the torque in the Sun’s motion, and climatic variation (Landscheidt, 1988)
Comment: On the need for validation of the Jones et al. temperature trends with respect to urban warming (Wood, 1988)
Do large-area-average temperature series have an urban warming bias? (Wigley & Jones, 1988)
Climate change, economic growth and energy policy: A recommended U.S. strategy for the coming decades an editorial (Hecht & Döös, 1988)
Climate change in fact and in theory: Are we collecting the facts? (Karl & Quayle, 1988)
Estimating the consequences of CO2-induced climatic change on north american grain agriculture using general circulation model information (Wilks, 1988)
Tropical deforestation: Important processes for climate models (Henderson-Sellers et al., 1988)
Adjusting water resources management to climate change (Riebsame, 1988)
The climatic impact of a Sonoran vegetation discontinuity (Balling, 1988)
Cyclicity in the late Precambrian Elatina Formation, South Australia: Solar or tidal signature? (Williams, 1988)
Climate and regional resource analysis: The effect of scale on resource homogeneity (Cushman et al., 1988)
Atmospheric and oceanic heat transport: Simulations versus observations (Covey, 1988)
Arctic aerosol and Arctic climate: Results from an energy budget model (Harte & Williams, 1988)
On the role of high latitude ice, snow, and vegetation feedbacks in the climatic response to external forcing changes (Harvey, 1988)
Assessing carbon emission control strategies: The case of China (Chandler, 1988)
Application of solar max ACRIM data to analysis of solar-driven climatic variability on Earth (Hoffert et al., 1988)
Long-term variations of surface air temperature at major industrial cities of India (Kumar & Hingane, 1988)
Historical variation in guano production from the Peruvian and Benguela upwelling ecosystems (Schneider & Duffy, 1988)
Spectral characteristics of the annual rainfall series for Northeast Brazil (Kane & Trivedi, 1988)
Change in climate variability in the 21st century (Rind et al., 1989)
Reconstructed Northern Hemisphere annual temperature since 1671 based on high-latitude tree-ring data from North America (Jacoby & D’Arrigo, 1989)
Severe summer ice in Hudson Strait and Hudson Bay following major volcanic eruptions, 1751 to 1889 A.D. (Catchpole & Hanuta, 1989)
A quasi-nine year oscillation of the water level in Lake Copais (Greece) cited by Theophrastus (4th Century B.C.) and Pliny (1st Century A.D.) (Repapis, 1989)
Changing thermal topography of the Baltimore-Washington corridor: 1950–1979 (Viterito, 1989)
How old is ENSO? (Nicholls, 1989)
Sensitivity of evapotranspiration in a wheat field, a forest, and a grassland to changes in climate and direct effects of carbon dioxide (Martin et al., 1989)
Sensitivity of crop yields and land resource potential to climatic change in Ontario, Canada (Smit et al., 1989)
Effects of soil moisture on the sensitivity of a climate model to earth orbital forcing at 9000 yr BP (Gallimore & Kutzbach, 1989)
The dynamic greenhouse: Feedback processes that may influence future concentrations of atmospheric trace gases and climatic change (Lashof, 1989)
On uncertainty in the computation of global emissions from biomass burning (Robinson, 1989)
Analysis of the long-term precipitation series at Athens, Greece (Katsoulis & Kambetzidis, 1989)
A documentary-derived climatic chronology for South Africa, 1820–1900 (Vogel, 1989)
Uncertainties of estimates of climatic change: A review (Dickinson, 1989)
Transient climatic response to an increase of greenhouse gases (Harvey, 1989)
The warming of the industrialized middle latitudes 1985–2050: Causes and consequences (Woodwell, 1989)
Climate change and mid-latitudes agriculture: Perspectives on consequences and policy responses (Crosson, 1989)
Lags in vegetation response to greenhouse warming (Davis, 1989)
Adapting water resources management to global climate change (Williams, 1989)
An assessment of the effects of climatic change on agriculture (Parry & Carter, 1989)
Global warming and the coastal zone (Bardach, 1989)
A projection of future sea level (Oerlemans, 1989)
Sea level rise, consequences and policies (Vellinga & Leatherman, 1989)
Impacts of carbon dioxide warming on climate and man in the semi-arid tropics (Mabbutt, 1989)
Climate change: High-latitude regions (Roots, 1989)
Climate change and environmental pollution: Physical and biological interactions (Oppenheimer, 1989)
Emissions control and reduction (Laurmann, 1989)
Can market mechanisms ameliorate the effects of long-term climate change? (Weiss, 1989)
The implications of global climatic changes for international security (Gleick, 1989)
Climate change, intergenerational equity and international law: An introductory note (Weiss, 1989)
Managing atmospheric CO2 (Harvey, 1989)
A regional climate model for the western United States (Dickinson et al., 1989)
The impact of decadal fluctuations in mean precipitation and temperature on runoff: A sensitivity study over the United States (Karl & Riebsame, 1989)
On the detection of greenhouse warming (Solow & Broadus, 1989)
Temporal features in thunder days in the United States (Gabriel & Changnon, 1989)
Comment on C. Covey: Atmospheric and oceanic heat transport simulations versus observations (Rooth, 1989)
Reply to comments on ‘atmospheric and oceanic heat transport: Simulations versus observations’ (Covey, 1989)
A discussion on the predictability of global change (Ye & Congbin, 1989)
The sensitivity of some high-latitude boreal forests to climatic parameters (Bonan et al., 1990)
Implications of atmospheric CO2 enrichment and climatic change for the geographical distribution of two introduced vines in the U.S.A. (Sasek & Strain, 1990)
The impact of climate change on continuous corn production in the Southern U.S.A. (Cooter, 1990)
Rapid climatic change and the deep ocean (Watts & Morantine, 1990)
Rainfall variation, snowline depression and vegetational shifts in Chile during the Pleistocene (Caviedes, 1990)
A first approach to assessing future climate states in the UK over very long timescales: Input to studies of the integrity of radioactive waste repositories (Goddess et al., 1990)
Intraseasonal and interannual climate variability (Rasmusson, 1990)
Climatic variability on the scale of decades to centuries (Stockton, 1990)
The temporal variability of soil wetness and its impact on climate (Manabe & Delworth, 1990)
A modified Köppen classification applied to model simulations of glacial and interglacial climates (Guetter & Kutzbach, 1990)
The δ 18O spectrum of oceanic deep water over a five-decade band (Shackleton & Imbrie, 1990)
Climatic variability: Past, present, and future (Mitchell, 1990)
Role of methane clathrates in past and future climates (MacDonald, 1990)
CO2 climate sensitivity and snow-sea-ice albedo parameterization in an atmospheric GCM coupled to a mixed-layer ocean model (Meehl & Washington, 1990)
Standing-water deposits as indicators of Late Quaternary dune migration in the northwestern Negev, Israel (Magaritz & Enzel, 1990)
Biological production off Southern California is linked to climatic change (Lange et al., 1990)
An integrated model for the assessment of the greenhouse effect: The Dutch approach (Rotmans et al., 1990)
Toward a greenhouse equivalence index: The total exposure analogy (Smith & Ahuja, 1990)
Grassland biogeochemistry: Links to atmospheric processes (Schimel et al., 1990)
Laurentian Great Lakes double-CO2 climate change hydrological impacts (Croley, 1990)
Climate change impacts on Laurentian Great Lakes levels (Hartmann, 1990)
Australian public perception of the greenhouse issue (Henderson-Sellers, 1990)
The 1810s in the Baltic region, 1816 in particular: Air temperatures, grain supply and mortality (Neumann, 1990)
Power spectrum analysis of the time-series of annual mean surface air temperatures (Kane & Teixeira, 1990)
Surface forcing of interannual variations in the radiation balance over North Africa part I: Partitioning the surface and cloud forcing (Smith & Sohn, 1990)
A comparative analysis of satellite-observed visible reflectance and 37 GHz polarization difference to assess land surface change over the Sahel zone, 1982–1986 (Choudhury, 1990)
A comparison of the vegetation response to rainfall in the Sahel and East Africa, using normalized difference vegetation index from NOAA AVHRR (Nicholson et al., 1990)
Measuring the effect of overgrazing in the Sonoran Desert (Bryant et al., 1990)
An investigation of spectral change as influenced by irrigation and evapotranspiration volume estimation in western Nebraska (Seevers et al., 1990)
A comparison of greenness measures in two semi-arid grasslands (Beck et al., 1990)
Shrubland encroachment in southern New Mexico, U.S.A.: An analysis of desertification processes in the American southwest (Grover & Musick, 1990)
A method of evaluating effects of antecedent precipitation on duststorms and its application to Yuma, Arizona, 1981–1988 (Mackinnon et al., 1990)
Planktonic dimethylsulfide and cloud albedo: An estimate of the feedback response (Foley et al., 1991)
The sensitivity of sub-Saharan precipitation to Atlantic SST (Druyan, 1991)
Historical evidence of a cold, dry summer during 1849 in the northeastern Great Basin and adjacent Rocky Mountains (Mock, 1991)
Fluctuations of snow accumulation in the Antarctic and sea level pressure in the Southern Hemisphere in the last 100 years (Enomoto, 1991)
Power spectrum analysis of the annual rainfall series for Massachusetts (NE, U.S.A.) (Kane & Teixeira, 1991)
Using secondary data sources (Guttman, 1991)
Energy input to the Earth (Livingston, 1991)
Changes in atmospheric chemistry and the greenhouse effect: A Southern Hemisphere perspective (Pearman, 1991)
The nature and significance of the feedback of changes in terrestrial vegetation on global atmospheric and climatic change (Graetz, 1991)
Ocean circulation and ocean-atmosphere exchanges (Stanton, 1991)
Confidence in modelling future climate: A Southern Hemisphere perspective (Tucker, 1991)
Southern Hemisphere climate scenarios (Pittock & Salinger, 1991)
Climate change predictions for South America (Burgos et al., 1991)
Climatic change in southern Africa: Past and present conditions and possible future scenarios (Tyson, 1991)
Climate scenarios for 2010 and 2050 AD Australia and New Zealand (Salinger & Pittock, 1991)
Antarctica and global change (Budd, 1991)
Ecological consequences of atmospheric and climate change (Walker, 1991)
Sea-level changes: Consequences for the Southern Hemisphere (Lutjeharms & Valentine, 1991)
Consequences of global change for oceans: A review (Bernal, 1991)
Is the greenhouse gas-climate signal hiding in the deep ocean? (Watts & Morantine, 1991)
Modeling interactive effects of climate change, air pollution, and fire on a California Shrubland (Malanson & Westman, 1991)
Implications of CO2 global warming on great lakes ice cover (Assel, 1991)
Influence of the greenhouse effect on yields of wheat, soybean and corn in the United States for different energy scenarios (Okamoto, 1991)
Some aspects of carbion dioxide exchange between atmosphere and Indian plant biota (Hingane, 1991)
al-Biruni’s chronology: A source for historical climatology (Oliver, 1991)
Climate of the Black Sea region around 0 C.E. (Neumann, 1991)
Tropical forests: Present status and future outlook (Myers, 1991)
A commentary on: Tropical forests: Present status and future outlook (Prance, 1991)
Palaeoecological background: Neotropics (Van Der Hammen, 1991)
A commentary on: Palaeoecological background: Neotropics (Colinvaux, 1991)
A synopsis of climatic and vegetational change in Southeast Asia (Heaney, 1991)
A commentary on: A synopsis of climatic and vegetational change in Southeast Asia (Raven, 1991)
History of climate and forests in tropical Africa during the last 8 million years (Taylor, 1991)
The African rain forest vegetation and palaeoenvironments during late quaternary (Maley, 1991)
Tropical deforestation and atmospheric carbon dioxide (Houghton, 1991)
A commentary on: Tropical deforestation and atmospheric carbon dioxide (Harvey, 1991)
Tropical deforestation: Albedo and the surface-energy balance (Gash & Shuttleworth, 1991)
A commentary on: Tropical deforestation: Albedo and the surface-energy balance (Henderson-Sellers, 1991)
Effects of tropical deforestation on global and regional atmospheric chemistry (Keller et al., 1991)
A commentary on: Effects of tropical deforestation on global and regional atmospheric chemistry (Vitousek & Matson, 1991)
Probable impact of deforestation on hydrological processes (Meher-Homji, 1991)
A commentary on: Probable impact of deforestation on hydrological processes (Dickinson, 1991)
Possible climatic impacts of tropical deforestation (Salati & Nobre, 1991)
A commentary on: Possible climatic impacts of tropical deforestation (Rowntree & Lean, 1991)
Deforestation, climate change and sustainable nutrition security: A case study of India (Sinha & Swaminathan, 1991)
A commentary on: Deforestation, climate change and sustainable nutrition security: A case study of India (Rosenberg, 1991)
Tropical forests and the greenhouse effect: A management response (Myers & Goreau, 1991)
A commentary on: Tropical forests and the greenhouse effect: A management response (Marland, 1991)
Buying environmental insurance: Prospects for trading of global climate-protection services (Swisher & Masters, 1991)
A commentary on: Buying environmental insurance: Prospects for trading of global climate-protection services (Grubb, 1991)
Forests in a warming world: A time for new policies (Woodwell, 1991)
A commentary on: Forests in a warming world: A time for new policies (Gradwohl & Greenberg, 1991)
The politics of prevention (Schneider, 1991)
A commentary on: The politics of prevention (MacNeill, 1991)
On predicting the response of forests in eastern North America to future climatic change (Cook & Cole, 1991)
Slowing the increase of atmospheric carbon dioxide: A biological approach (Schroeder & Ladd, 1991)
Possible impacts of climatic warming scenarios on water resources in the Saskatchewan River Sub-basin, Canada (Cohen, 1991)
Evidence of climatic change in Nigeria based on annual series of rainfall of different daily amounts, 1919–1985 (Olaniran, 1991)
Regional hydrologic and carbon balance responses of forests resulting from potential climate change (Running & Nemani, 1991)
Possible implications of climatic variability on the presence of capelin (Mallotus villosus) off the Norwegian coast (Stergiou, 1991)
Influences of various forcing variables on global energy balance during the period of intensive instrumental observation (1958–1987) and their implications for paleoclimate (Gunn, 1991)
Implications of changes in climatic averages and variability on food production opportunities in Ontario, Canada (Brklacich & Smit, 1992)
The sensitivity of the water balance of a wet multilayer model pine canopy to variations in meteorological input (Lockwood, 1992)
The U.S. government response to global change: Analysis and appraisal (Fleagle, 1992)
Forest response to climatic change: Effects of parameter estimation and choice of weather patterns on the reliability of projections (Botkin & Nisbet, 1992)
Leaking methane from natural gas vehicles: Implications for transportation policy in the greenhouse era (Victor, 1992)
Effects of climatic change and climatic variability on the Thornthwaite moisture index in the Delaware River basin (McCabe & Wolock, 1992)
Assessing climate persistence from climatic ‘noise’ (Radok, 1992)
The socio-economic impact of sea-level rise on the Netherlands: A study of possible scenarios (Den Elzen & Rotmans, 1992)
The changing frequency of dust storms through time (Goudie & Middleton, 1992)
Climatic fluctuations on the century time scale: A review of high-resolution proxy data and possible mechanisms (Stocker & Mysak, 1992)
Global and continental water balance in a GCM (Thomas & Henderson-Sellers, 1992)
Use of a reservoir water quality model to simulate global climate change effects on fish habitat (Chang et al., 1992)
Climate change and implications for agriculture in Niger (Sivakumar, 1992)
Application of stochastic simulation to climatic-change studies (Woo, 1992)
Trends in global temperature (Bloomfield, 1992)
An empirical study of the economic effects of climate change on world agriculture (Kane et al., 1992)
Assessing the sensitivity of Canada’s ecosystems to climatic change (Rizzo & Wiken, 1992)
Global radiation climate changes: The world network (Stanhill & Moreshet, 1992)
Periodicities in sea-level changes at Stockholm (Kane & Gobbi, 1992)
Reflections on more than a century of climate change research (Handel & Risbey, 1992)
An annotated bibliography on the greenhouse effect and climate change (Handel & Risbey, 1992)
Predicting the impacts of global warming on wildland fire (Torn & Fried, 1992)
Climate spectra and detecting climate change (Bloomfield & Nychka, 1992)
Extreme events in a changing climate: Variability is more important than averages (Katz & Brown, 1992)
Breaking recent global temperature records (Bassett, 1992)
Modelling the effects of albedo change associated with tropical deforestation (Mylne & Rowntree, 1992)
Climate change in Thailand and its potential impact on rice yield (Bachelet et al., 1992)
Sensitivity of terrestrial carbon storage to CO2-induced climate change: Comparison of four scenarios based on general circulation models (Smith et al., 1992)
Adaptation of agriculture to climate change (Rosenberg, 1992)
Lake ice records used to detect historical and future climatic changes (Robertson et al., 1992)
The DMS-cloud albedo feedback effect: Greatly underestimated? (Idso, 1992)
Climatic change due to land surface alterations (Franchito & Rao, 1992)
Climate change in Yellowstone National Park: Is the drought-related risk of wildfires increasing? (Balling et al., 1992)
The Holocene paleohydrology and climatic history of the northern great sandy desert – fitzroy trough: With special reference to the history of the northwest Australian monsoon (Wyrwoll et al., 1992)
Adapting stochastic weather generation algorithms for climate change studies (Wilks, 1992)
Shrubland expansion in the American Southwest (Idso, 1992)
Energy efficiency and greenhouse abatement costs (comment on Lovins and Lovins) (Cline, 1992)
Characterizing the distribution of observed precipitation and runoff over the continental United States (Dolph & Marks, 1992)
Global radiation climate changes in Israel (Stanhill & Moreshet, 1992)
Climatic conditions in the Alps in the years about the year of Hannibal’s crossing (218 BC) (Neumann, 1992)
Relationship between climatic change and the nomadic southward migrations in eastern Asia during historical times (Fang & Liu, 1992)
Global climatic change, hurricanes, and a tropical forest (O’Brien et al., 1992)
Temporal fluctuations in weather disasters: 1950–1989 (Changnon & Changnon, 1992)
Inference about trends in global temperature data (Galbraith & Green, 1992)
The potential for short-rotation woody crops to reduce U.S. CO2 emissions (Graham et al., 1992)
Historic variation of warm-season rainfall, Southern Colorado Plateau, Southwestern U.S.A. (Hereford & Webb, 1992)
Economics and the ‘greenhouse effect’ (Green, 1992)
Tropical soils could dominate the short-term carbon cycle feedbacks to increased global temperatures (Townsend et al., 1992)
Impacts of summer warming on the energy and water balance of wetland tundra (Rouse et al., 1992)
Predicting the impact of climate change on the spatial pattern of freshwater fish yield capability in eastern Canadian lakes (Minns & Moore, 1992)
Farm programs and climate change (Lewandrowski & Brazee, 1993)
The potential effects of climate change on summer season dairy cattle milk production and reproduction (Klinedinst et al., 1993)
Carbon fluxes resulting from U.S. private timberland management (Plantinga & Birdsey, 1993)
Disposal of carbon dioxide in permeable underground layers: A feasible option? (Van Engelenburg & Blok, 1993)
Probable effects of CO2-induced climatic warming on the thermal environment of ponded shallow water (Ohta et al., 1993)
Comment on modeling ecological response to climatic change (Malanson, 1993)
Linear regressions do not predict the transient responses of eastern north american forests to CO2-induced climate change (Pastor & Post, 1993)
Does recent global warming suggest an enhanced greenhouse effect? (Kheshgi & White, 1993)
The relationship between anomalies of interannual net radiation and 37 GHz polarization difference over North Africa (Smith & Choudhury, 1993)
Localized climatic responses during the 11 July 1991 eclipse: Phoenix AZ (Brazel et al., 1993)
The Baiu in a historical period from the viewpoint of intraseasonal variations (Murata, 1993)
Determinants of environmental action with regard to climatic change (Jaeger et al., 1993)
Changes in climate and levels of lake Michigan: shoreline impacts at Chicago (Changnon, 1993)
Climatic changes in Europe and the near east in the second millenium BC (Neumann, 1993)
Potential response of pacific northwestern forests to climatic change, effects of stand age and initial composition (Urban et al., 1993)
Observational and modelling studies of Amazonia interannual climate variability (Marengo et al., 1993)
Assessing the effects of global climate change: the pan-earth project series (Harwell, 1993)
Use of general circulation model output in the creation of climate change scenarios for impact analysis (Robock et al., 1993)
Continental vegetation as a dynamic component of a global climate model: a preliminary assessment (Henderson-Sellers, 1993)
Is the greenland ice sheet getting thicker? (Braithwaite et al., 1993)
Interpretation of short-term ice-sheet elevation changes inferred from satellite altimetry (Van Der Veen, 1993)
A methodology called ‘mink’ for study of climate change impacts and responses on the regional scale (Rosenberg, 1993)
Paper 1. the mink methodology: background and baseline (Rosenberg et al., 1993)
Paper 2. agricultural impacts of and responses to climate change in the Missouri-Iowa-Nebraska-Kansas (MINK) region (Easterling et al., 1993)
Paper 3. impacts and responses to climate change in forests of the mink region (Bowes & Sedjo, 1993)
Paper 4. climate change impacts on water resources and possible responses in the mink region (Frederick, 1993)
Paper 5. climate change impacts on the energy sector and possible adjustments in the mink region (Darmstadter, 1993)
Paper 6. consequences of climate change for the mink economy: impacts and responses (Bowes & Crosson, 1993)
An overview of the mink study (Crosson & Rosenberg, 1993)
Sub-Milankovitch palaeoclimatic events: Their recognition and correlation (Roberts, 1993)
Synchronized changes in regional water balance since the mid-holocene (Magaritz, 1993)
Regional water temperature characteristics of lakes subjected to climate change (Hondzo & Stefan, 1993)
Potential effects of climate change on a semi-permanent prairie wetland (Poiani & Johnson, 1993)
Measuring the impact of water conservation campaigns in California (Berk et al., 1993)
Recent hydroclimatic fluctuations and their effects on water resources in Illinois (Smith & Richman, 1993)
Earth-Sun system energetics and global warming (Jain, 1993)
Comments on ‘an empirical study of the economic effects of climate change on world agriculture’, by S. Kane, J. Reilly and J. Tobey (climatic change 21, 17–35) (Harvey, 1993)
Reply to comments by L. D. Danny Harvey on ‘an empirical study of the economic effects of climate change on world agriculture’, by S. Kane, J. Reilly, and J. Tobey. (climatic change 21, 17–35) (Kane & Reilly, 1993)
Do biophysics and physiology matter in ecosystem models? (Bonan, 1993)
Productivity response of climax temperate forests to elevated temperature and carbon dioxide: a north american comparison between two global models (McGuire et al., 1993)
Effects of changes in temperature and CO2 concentration on simulated spring wheat yields in The Netherlands (Nonhebel, 1993)
Climate change and transportation in Northern Canada: an integrated impact assessment (Lonergan et al., 1993)
Projected global climate change impact on water temperatures in five north central U.S. streams (Stefan & Sinokrot, 1993)
National greenhouse gas accounts: Current anthropogenic sources and sinks (Subak et al., 1993)
Global vegetation change predicted by the modified Budyko model (Monserud et al., 1993)
An apparent moratorium on the greenhouse warming due to the deep ocean (Kellogg, 1993)
Is the greenhouse gas-climate signal hiding in the deep ocean? (Watts & Morantine, 1993)
Situational and cognitive obstacles to political consensus on climatic change (Nilsson, 1993)
The potential effects of climate change on ecosystem processes and cattle production on U.S. rangelands (Baker et al., 1993)
Monitoring midlake water temperature in southern Lake Michigan for climate change studies (McCormick & Pazdalski, 1993)
Recent fluctuations in precipitation and runoff over the Nile sub-basins and their impact on main Nile discharge (Conway & Hulme, 1993)
Spatial and temporal analysis of Middle Eastern temperature changes (Nasrallah & Balling, 1993)
Secular trends in high northern latitude temperature reconstructions based on tree rings (D’Arrigo & Jacoby, 1993)
Breaking global temperature records after Mt. Pinatubo (Bassett & Lin, 1993)
Commentary on the significance of global temperature records (Hansen & Wilson, 1993)
Climatic impacts in Australia (Colls & Henderson-Sellers, 1993)
An antipodean climate of uncertainty? (Henderson-Sellers, 1993)
Assessing the impact of weather and climate in Australia (Colls, 1993)
Australian industrial and commercial response to climate change: Risk analysis and communication under uncertainty (Drosdowsky & Maunder, 1993)
Climate change, Australian impacts and economic analysis (Naughten, 1993)
Energy market failure in road transport: Is there scope for ‘no regrets’ greenhouse gas reduction? (Naughten et al., 1993)
Implications of climate change due to the enhanced greenhouse effect on floods and droughts in Australia (Whetton et al., 1993)
Greenhouse climatic change and flood damages, the implications (Smith, 1993)
The cost of flood damage in Nyngan (Joy, 1993)
Costs and benefits of tropical cyclones, severe thunderstorms and bushfires in Australia (Ryan, 1993)
Severe thunderstorms in New South Wales: Climatology and means of assessing the impact of climate change (Griffiths et al., 1993)
The uses of social and environmental health indicators in monitoring the effects of climate change (Brown, 1993)
Climate and chronic respiratory disease in Sydney – The case of asthma (Curson, 1993)
9 to 5: 9 approaches to tackle 5 aspects of climate change (Martin & Lefebvre, 1993)
Secular changes in the short-term preventive, positive, and temperature checks to population growth in Europe, 1460 to 1909 (Galloway, 1994)
Long term (100 yr) climatic trends for agriculture at selected locations in Canada (Bootsma, 1994)
Global radiation climate change at seven sites remote from surface sources of pollution (Stanhill & Moreshet, 1994)
Was there a ‘medieval warm period’, and if so, where and when? (Hughes & Diaz, 1994)
Glacial geological evidence for the medieval warm period (Grove & Switsur, 1994)
Evidence for climatic conditions between CA. 900-1300 A.D. in the southern canadian rockies (Luckman, 1994)
Tree-ring and glacial evidence for the medieval warm epoch and the little ice age in southern South America (Villalba, 1994)
Tree-ring reconstructed rainfall over the southeastern U.S.A. during the medieval warm period and little ice age (Stahle & Cleaveland, 1994)
Middle ages temperature reconstructions in europe, a focus on northeastern Italy (Serre-Bachet, 1994)
The medieval warm period on the southern Colorado Plateau (Dean, 1994)
A warm and wet little climatic optimum and a cold and dry little ice age in the southern rocky mountains, U.S.A. (Petersen, 1994)
The correlation of summer precipitation in the southwestern U.S.A. with isotopic records of solar activity during the medieval warm period (Davis, 1994)
Evidence for the existence of the medieval warm period in China (Zhang, 1994)
Major wet interval in white mountains medieval warm period evidenced inδ13C of bristlecone pine tree rings (Leavitt, 1994)
The medieval solar activity maximum (Jirikowic & Damon, 1994)
An analysis of the time scales of variability in centuries-long enso-sensitive records in the last 1000 years (Diaz & Pulwarty, 1994)
The ‘ultimate objective’ of the framework convention on climate change requires a new approach in climate change research (Swart & Vellinga, 1994)
The impact of potential abrupt climate changes on near-term policy choices (Lempert et al., 1994)
Responses of arid and semiarid watersheds to increasing carbon dioxide and climate change as shown by simulation studies (Skiles & Hanson, 1994)
Northward migration of permafrost along the Mackenzie highway and climatic warming (Kwong & Gan, 1994)
High resolution climatic information from short firn cores, western Dronning Maud Land, antarctica (Isaksson & Karlén, 1994)
Sodom, gomorrah and the other lost cities of the plain – a climatic perspective (Nissenbaum, 1994)
Monitoring and reducing greenhouse gas emissions from agricultural, forestry and other human activities (Boag et al., 1994)
Rice paddies as a methane source (Minami & Neue, 1994)
Greenhouse gas emissions from intensive livestock systems: Their estimation and technologies for reduction (Jarvis & Pain, 1994)
Global change strategy options in the extensive agriculture regions of the world (Walker, 1994)
Methods for exploring management options to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from tropical grazing systems (Howden et al., 1994)
Integrated land-use systems: Assessment of promising agroforest and alternative land-use practices to enhance carbon conservation and sequestration (Dixon et al., 1994)
Determining the climatic requirements of trees suitable for agroforestry (Booth, 1994)
Polish forest ecosystems: The influence of changes in the economic system on the carbon balance (Galinski & Küppers, 1994)
Climate change and agriculture: A perspective on priorities for economic policy (Mount, 1994)
Outcomes and policy recommendations from the IPCC/AFOS working group on climate change response strategies and emission reductions (Heinloth & Karimanzira, 1994)
A climatic and environmental protection strategy, the road toward a sustainable future (Bach, 1994)
The response of lake levels and areas to climatic change (Mason et al., 1994)
Estimation of impact of climate change on the peak discharge probability of the river Rhine (Kwadijk & Middelkoop, 1994)
Projected impact of deep ocean carbon dioxide discharge on atmospheric CO2 concentrations (Nihous et al., 1994)
Solar variability and climate (Sofia & Fox, 1994)
Solar signals in global climatic change (Schönwiese et al., 1994)
Global climate changes and moisture conditions in the intracontinental arid zones (Lapenis & Shabalova, 1994)
Ocean-atmosphere CO2 exchange: An accessible lab simulation for considering biological effects (Noever et al., 1994)
Effect of storm clustering on water balance estimates and its implications for climate impact assessment (Wang & Mayer, 1994)
Hydrologic and atmospheric models: The (continuing) problem of discordant scales (Hostetler, 1994)
Some assessments of the potential 2 × CO2 climatic effects on water balance components in the eastern mediterranean (Segal et al., 1994)
Drought in the rain forest: Effects of the 1991 El Niño-Southern Oscillation event on a rural economy in West Kalimantan, Indonesia (Salafsky, 1994)
An attempt to reconstruct the rainfall regime of andalusia (southern Spain) from 1601 A.D. to 1650 A.D. using historical documents (Rodrigo et al., 1994)
Understanding global change: A cognitive perspective on communicating through stories (Kearney, 1994)
Integrated assessments of the impacts of climate change on natural resources (Frederick, 1994)
Framework for integrated assessments of global warming impacts (Mendelsohn & Rosenberg, 1994)
Modeling land use and cover as part of global environmental change (Riebsame et al., 1994)
Assessing impacts of climate change on forests: The state of biological modeling (Dale & Rauscher, 1994)
Integrating climatic change and forests: Economic and ecologic assessments (Binkley & Van Kooten, 1994)
Environmental change in grasslands: Assessment using models (Parton et al., 1994)
Assessing the socioeconomic impacts of climate change on grazinglands (Conner, 1994)
Modeling the effects of climate change on water resources – a review (Leavesley, 1994)
Assessing the socioeconomic consequences of climate change on water resources (Rogers, 1994)
Conclusions, remaining issues, and next steps (Frederick et al., 1994)
Historical ENSO teleconnections in the eastern hemisphere (Whetton & Rutherfurd, 1994)
The sensitivity of the south chilean snowline to climatic change (Kerr & Sugden, 1994)
Climatic soil moisture deficit – climate and soil data integration in a GIS (Matthews et al., 1994)
Optimal carbon emissions trajectories when damages depend on the rate or level of global warming (Peck & Teisberg, 1994)
Scientific information and global change policymaking [1] (Pielke, 1994)
Archeological evidence for the impact of mega-Niño events on Amazonia during the past two millennia (Meggers, 1994)
Effects of climate change on snow accumulation and melting in the Broye catchment (Switzerland) (Bultot et al., 1994)
Evidence of recent climatic anomalies at Trieste (Italy) (Crisciani et al., 1994)
Stratospheric ozone reduction, solar UV-B radiation and terrestrial ecosystems (Caldwell & Flint, 1994)
Quantile spline models for global temperature change (Koenker & Schorfheide, 1994)
Public perceptions of global warming (Berk & Schulman, 1995)
Computations on the influence of changing climate on the soil moisture and productivity in scots pine stands in southern and northern Finland (Kellomäki, 1995)
Solar-hydrogen electricity generation in the context of global CO2 emission reduction (Harvey, 1995)
Mechanisms of shrubland expansion: land use, climate or CO2? (Archer et al., 1995)
Climate variability and change within the discharge time series: a statistical approach (Mitosek, 1995)
Recasting U.S. Federal environmental R&D priorities (Bierbaum & Watson, 1995)
Linking science more closely to policy-making: Global climate change and the national reorganization of science and technology policy (Glasser, 1995)
Boreal forest and tundra ecosystems as components of the climate system (Bonan et al., 1995)
Estimating australian forest fire danger under conditions of doubled carbon dioxide concentrations (Beer & Williams, 1995)
Potential effects of global climatic change on the phenology and yield of maize in venezuela (Maytín et al., 1995)
Resampling of network-induced variability in estimates of terrestrial air temperature change (Robeson, 1995)
Paraclimatic statistics and the study of climate change: the case of the cork region in the 1750s (Tyrrell, 1995)
How physics and biology matter in forest gap models (Bugmann & Martin, 1995)
A sustainable future: catastrophe or cornucopia; crusade or challenge? (Perry, 1995)
Sensitivity of direct global warming potentials to key uncertainties (Wuebbles et al., 1995)
Effects of climate change on grain maize yield potential in the european community (Wolf & Van Diepen, 1995)
Long-term changes of the surface air temperature in relation to solar inertial motion (Charvátová & Střeštík, 1995)
On writing good histories of climate change and testing social science theories (Victor, 1995)
Framework agreement on climate change: a scientific and policy history (Hecht & Tirpak, 1995)
Using paleoclimates to predict future climate: how far can analogy go? (Covey, 1995)
Climate change scenarios: Comparisons of paleoreconstructions with recent temperature changes (Shabalova & Können, 1995)
Desertification in Northern Sinai in the eighteenth century (Tsoar, 1995)
Carbon dioxide recovery from industrial processes (Farla et al., 1995)
Modeling climate change in the absence of climate change data (Skiles, 1995)
High latitude river runoff in a doubled CO2 climate (Van Blarcum et al., 1995)
Canadian vegetation sensitivity to projected climatic change at three organizational levels (Lenihan & Neilson, 1995)
Disequilibrium response of permafrost in boreal continental western Canada to climate change (Halsey et al., 1995)
Global CO2 emissions trading: Early lessons from the U.S. acid rain program (Solomon, 1995)
Assessment of precision in temperatures from the microwave sounding units (Christy & Spencer, 1995)
Satellite and surface temperature data at odds? (Hansen et al., 1995)
Outcome and value uncertainties in global-change policy (Hammitt, 1995)
A reassessment of the economic effects of global climate change on U.S. agriculture (Adams et al., 1995)
Effects of climate on numbers of northern prairie wetlands (Larson, 1995)
Modeling of climate change effects on stream temperatures and fish habitats below dams and near groundwater inputs (Sinokrot et al., 1995)
The use of rogation ceremony records in climatic reconstruction: a case study from Catalonia (Spain) (Martín-Vide et al., 1995)
The climate of crete in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries (Grove & Conterio, 1995)
Valuation of global afforestation programs for carbon mitigation (Nilsson, 1995)
On “valuation of global afforestation programs for carbon mitigation” by sten nilsson (Hoen & Solberg, 1995)
The carbon-sequestration potential of a global afforestation program (Nilsson & Schopfhauser, 1995)
Simulation of the effect of doubled atmospheric CO2 on the climate of northern and central California (Stamm & Gettelman, 1995)
Greenhouse warming and vernalisation of high-chill fruit in Southern Australia (Hennessy & Clayton-Greene, 1995)
Examination of ‘global atmospheric temperature monitoring with satellite microwave measurements’: 1) theoretical considerations (Prabhakara et al., 1995)
Oceanic transport and storage of carbon emissions (Keller & Goldstein, 1995)
The impact of climate change on the river rhine: A scenario study (Kwadijk & Rotmans, 1995)
Strategies to enhance adaptability: Technological change, sustainable growth and free trade (Goklany, 1995)
Carbon balance in the forest sector in Finland during 1990–2039 (Karjalainen et al., 1995)
Assessing ecological implications of climatic change: Can we rely on our simulation models? (Hänninen, 1995)
Analysing the conflicting requirements of the Framework Convention on Climate Change (Enting, 1995)
Optimal CO2 control policy with stochastic losses from temperature rise (Peck & Teisberg, 1995)
Interannual and interdecadal variability in United States surface-air temperatures, 1910-87 (Dettinger et al., 1995)
Environmental impacts of sequestering carbon through forestation (Englin & Callaway, 1995)
Reconstruction of the ice winter severity since 1701 in the Western Baltic (Koslowski & Glaser, 1995)
Variations and change in south American streamflow (Marengo, 1995)
Long-term climate monitoring by the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) (Karl et al., 1995)
Long-term climate monitoring by the Global Climate Observing System (Miller & Bretherton, 1995)
Long-term climate monitoring by the Global Climate Observing System (Trenberth, 1995)
Long-term climate monitoring by the Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) (Easterling, 1995)
Critical issues for long-term climate monitoring (Karl et al., 1995)
Toward a scientific centered climate monitoring system (Mahlman, 1995)
Long-term climate monitoring and extreme events (Nicholls, 1995)
Low-cost long-term monitoring of global climate forcings and feedbacks (Hansen et al., 1995)
Regional climate changes as simulated in time-slice experiments (Cubasch et al., 1995)
Monitoring changes of clouds (Rossow & Cairns, 1995)
On detecting long-term changes in atmospheric moisture (Elliott, 1995)
Long-term observations for monitoring of the cryosphere (Walsh, 1995)
Satellite monitoring of global land cover changes and their impact on climate (Nemani & Running, 1995)
Long-term observations of land surface characteristics (Ropelewski, 1995)
Atmospheric circulation climate changes (Trenberth, 1995)
Temperature above the surface layer (Christy, 1995)
An ocean observing system for climate (Smith & Needler, 1995)
Observational evidence of interannual to decadal-scale variability of the subsurface temperature-salinity structure of the world ocean (Levitus & Antonov, 1995)
Stockholm, Rio and beyond: Lessons from two decades of international environmental politics (Breitmeier, 1996)
Impact of the Montreal protocol and its amendments on the rate of change of global radiative forcing (Solomon & Daniel, 1996)
Temperature depression in the lowland tropics in glacial times (Colinvaux et al., 1996)
Climatic change over the Lowveld of South Africa (Mason, 1996)
Simulation of a heavy wintertime precipitation event in California (Soong & Kim, 1996)
The great dry fog of 1783 (Stothers, 1996)
Is a signature of socio-economic impact written on the climate? (Hingane, 1996)
Historical ENSO teleconnections in the Eastern Hemisphere: Comparison with latest El Niño series of Quinn (Whetton et al., 1996)
Policy and global change research (Brunner, 1996)
Paleoclimate data constraints on climate sensitivity: The paleocalibration method (Covey et al., 1996)
Integrating global and regional analyses of the effects of climate change: A case study of land use in England and Wales (Parry et al., 1996)
The Great Lakes diversion at Chicago and its implications for climate change (Changnon & Glantz, 1996)
Red dust rain within the Spanish Mediterranean area (Sala et al., 1996)
High-frequency climatic variability and crop yields (Wilks & Riha, 1996)
Use of conditional stochastic models to generate climate change scenarios (Katz, 1996)
The effect of changes in daily and interannual climatic variability on CERES-Wheat: A sensitivity study (Mearns et al., 1996)
Impact of temperature and precipitation variability on crop model predictions (Riha et al., 1996)
Standardized estimates of climate change damages for the United States (Smith, 1996)
A global model of changing N2O emissions from natural and perturbed soils (Nevison et al., 1996)
Late 20th century climatic change over the northern hemisphere and its consequences for numerical weather prediction (Kuemmel, 1996)
The economic cost of greenhouse-induced sea-level rise for developed property in the United States (Yohe et al., 1996)
Detection of changes in streamflow and floods resulting from climate fluctuations and land use-drainage changes (Changnon & Demissie, 1996)
Model computations on the effect of rising temperature on soil moisture and water availability in forest ecosystems dominated by scots pine in the boreal zone in Finland (Kellomäki & Väisänen, 1996)
Climate change and snow-cover duration in the Australian Alps (Whetton et al., 1996)
Effects of summer precipitation on urban transportation (Changnon, 1996)
Public expectation as an element of human perception of climate change (Rebetez, 1996)
Agricultural adaptation to climatic variation (Smit et al., 1996)
Accounting for the missing carbon-sink with the CO2-fertilization effect (Kheshgi et al., 1996)
Rainfall and foliar dynamics in tropical Southern Africa: Potential impacts of global climatic change on savanna vegetation (Fuller & Prince, 1996)
Methane emissions from rice fields amended with biogas slurry and farm yard manure (Debnath et al., 1996)
Siberian CO2 efflux in winter as a CO2 source and cause of seasonality in atmospheric CO2 (Zimov et al., 1996)
The Holocene paleohydrology and climatic history of the Northern Great Sandy Desert – Fitzroy trough: With special reference to the history of the northwest Australian monsoon — Does the evidence really indicate no change in climate? (Semeniuk, 1996)
The Holocene paleohydrology and climatic history of the Northern Great Sandy Desert – Fitzroy trough: With special reference to the northwest Australian monsoon (Wyrwoll et al., 1996)
The risk of sea level rise (Titus & Narayanan, 1996)
Uncertainty in economic models of climate-change impacts (Schimmelpfennig, 1996)
When we don’t know the costs or the benefits: Adaptive strategies for abating climate change (Lempert et al., 1996)
Could we/should we engineer the Earth’s climate? (Marland, 1996)
Climate engineering a review of aerosol approaches to changing the global energy balance (Dickinson, 1996)
Geoengineering: Could— or should— we do it? (Schneider, 1996)
The economic diplomacy of geoengineering (Schelling, 1996)
May we engineer the climate? (Bodansky, 1996)
Ethics and intentional climate change (Jamieson, 1996)
Unsolved problems of Boreal regions (Pastor, 1996)
Temperature, CO2 and the growth and development of wheat: Changes in the mean and variability of growing conditions (Moot et al., 1996)
A carbon budget for Brazil: Influence of future land-use change (Schroeder, 1996)
Scenarios of extreme temperature events (Wagner, 1996)
Robust estimation of background noise and signal detection in climatic time series (Mann & Lees, 1996)
Examination of ‘global atmospheric temperature monitoring with satellite microwave measurements’: 2. Analysis of satellite data (Prabhakara et al., 1996)
A technical comment: Analysis of ‘examination of “global atmospheric temperature monitoring with satellite microwave measurements”’ (Spencer et al., 1996)
Response: Examination of ‘global atmospheric temperature monitoring with satellite microwave measurements’ (3) cloud and rain contamination (Prabhakara et al., 1996)
Global comparison of the regional rainfall results of enhanced greenhouse coupled and mixed layer ocean experiments: Implications for climate change scenario development (Whetton et al., 1996)
Modeling carbon stores in Oregon and Washington forest products: 1900–1992 (Harmon et al., 1996)
Climatic trends from isotopic records of tree rings: The past 100–200 years (Feng & Epstein, 1996)
Development of a risk-hedging CO2-emission policy, part I: Risks of unrestrained emissions (Harvey, 1996)
Development of a risk-hedging CO2-emission policy, part II: Risks associated with measures to limit emissions, synthesis, and conclusions (Harvey, 1996)
Effects of temperature rise and increase in CO2 concentration on simulated wheat yields in Europe (Nonhebel, 1996)
Winter severity in Europe: The fourteenth century (Pfister et al., 1996)
The periodicity of storm surges in the Bering Sea from 1898 to 1993, based on newspaper accounts (Mason et al., 1996)
A review of forest patch models and their application to global change research (Shugart & Smith, 1996)
Application of patch models to examine regional sensitivity to climate change (Lauenroth, 1996)
Climate change, tree species distributions and forest dynamics: A case study in the mixed conifer/northern hardwoods zone of northern Europe (Sykes & Prentice, 1996)
Boreal forest responses to climate-change scenarios along an ecoclimatic transect in central Canada (Price & Apps, 1996)
Application of a forest succession model to a continentality gradient through Central Europe (Lindner et al., 1996)
Simulating forest dynamics in a complex topography using gridded climatic data (Bugmann & Fischlin, 1996)
Phenology-mediated effects of climatic change on some simulated British Columbia forests (Cumming & Burton, 1996)
Climate change, water stress, and fast forest response: A sensitivity study (Martin, 1996)
Sensitivity of FORGRO to climatic change scenarios: A case study on Betula pubescens, Fagus sylvatica and Quercus robur in The Netherlands (Kramer & Mohren, 1996)
Nutrient cycling and biomass growth at a North American hardwood site in relation to climate change: ForSVA assessments (Oja & Arp, 1996)
Linkages — an individual-based forest ecosystem model (Post & Pastor, 1996)
Potential impacts of climate change on a mixed broadleaved-Korean pine forest stand: A gap model approach (Shao, 1996)
Transient responses of North-American grasslands to changes in climate (Coffin & Lauenroth, 1996)
Development of a MIOMBO woodland dynamics model in Zambezian Africa Using Malawi as a case study (Desanker, 1996)
A comparison of forest gap models: Model structure and behaviour (Bugmann et al., 1996)
Learning from integrated assessment of climate change (Morgan & Dowlatabadi, 1996)
Assessing integrated assessments (Risbey et al., 1996)
Three-dimensional chemistry in the greenhouse (Wuebbles, 1996)
Estimates of indirect global warming potentials for CH4, CO and NOX (Fuglestvedt et al., 1996)
Relative radiative forcing consequences of global emissions of hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide and NOx from human activities estimated with a zonally-averaged two-dimensional model (Johnson & Derwent, 1996)
Urban reactions to the global warming issue: Agenda setting in Toronto and Chicago (Lambright et al., 1996)
Grid point surface air temperature calculations with a fast turnaround: Combining the results of IMAGE and a GCM (Jonas et al., 1996)
Estimation of possible climate change impacts on water availability, extreme flow events and soil moisture in the Goulburn and Ovens Basins, Victoria (Schreider et al., 1996)
Comments on R. D. Brunner (Climatic Change 32, 121–147) and P. N. Edwards (Climatic Change 32, 149–161) (Shackley, 1996)
Reply to S. Shackley (Brunner, 1996)
Reply to S. Shackley and R. D. Brunner (Edwards, 1996)
50,000 YEARS OF RECORDED GLOBAL VOLCANISM (Hammer et al., 1997)
The Potential Response of Terrestrial Carbon Storage to Changes in Climate and Atmospheric CO2 (King et al., 1997)
CARBON FLOW IN INDIAN FORESTS (Ravindranath et al., 1997)
Climate Change and Water Resources (Frederick & Major, 1997)
Water Resources Planning and Climate Change Assessment Methods (Major & Frederick, 1997)
Intertemporal Equity, Discounting, and Economic Efficiency in Water Policy Evaluation (Lind, 1997)
Scale and Modeling Issues in Water Resources Planning (Lins et al., 1997)
Stochastic Hydrology in the Context of Climate Change (Matalas, 1997)
Ecosystem Evaluation, Climate Change and Water Resources Planning (Stakhiv & Major, 1997)
Nonmarket Valuation and the Estimation of Damages from Global Warming (McConnell, 1997)
Adapting to Climate Impacts on the Supply and Demand for Water (Frederick, 1997)
Assessing Urban Water Use and the Role of Water Conservation Measures under Climate Uncertainty (Boland, 1997)
Using Decision Analysis to Include Climate Change in Water Resources Decision Making (Hobbs et al., 1997)
Assessing Climate Change Implications for Water Resources Planning (Wood et al., 1997)
Engineering Design and Uncertainties Related to Climate Change (Rogers, 1997)
Planning for Sea Level Rise and Shore Protection Under Climate Uncertainty (Yohe & Neumann, 1997)
Global Warming and Water Management: Water Allocation and Project Evaluation (Mendelsohn & Bennett, 1997)
Water Resources Planning Principles and Evaluation Criteria for Climate Change: Summary and Conclusions (Frederick et al., 1997)
Sensitivity Study of Optimal CO2 Emission Paths Using a Simplified Structural Integrated Assessment Model (SIAM) (Hasselmann et al., 1997)
Solar Forcing of Global Climate Change Since The Mid-17th Century (Reid, 1997)
Break-up Dates of Alpine Lakes As Proxy Data for Local and Regional Mean Surface Air Temperatures (Livingstone, 1997)
Effects of Land Use on the Climate of the United States (Bonan, 1997)
Simple Temperature Scenario for a Gulf Stream Induced Climate Change (Tank & Können, 1997)
Recent Changes in the Climate At the Dead Sea – a Preliminary Study (Alpert et al., 1997)
Bene-Eia: A Bayesian Approach to Expert Judgment Elicitation with Case Studies on Climate Change Impacts on Surface Waters (Varis & Kuikka, 1997)
Correlations of Climate and Streamflow in Three Minnesota Streams (Kletti & Stefan, 1997)
Towards an Interpretation of Historical Droughts in Northern Nigeria (Tarhule & Woo, 1997)
Opposing Southern Ocean Climate Patterns as Revealed by Trends in Regional Sea Ice Coverage (Stammerjohn & Smith, 1997)
The Impact of Sediment-Laden Snow and Sea Ice in the Arctic on Climate (Ledley & Pfirman, 1997)
On the Urban Heat Island Effect Dependence on Temperature Trends (Camilloni & Barros, 1997)
Model Computations on the Effects of Elevating Temperature and Atmospheric CO2 on the Regeneration of Scots Pine at the Timber Line in Finland (Kellomäki et al., 1997)
Climate Change and Forest Fire Potential in Russian and Canadian Boreal Forests (Stocks et al., 1998)
Modeling Dynamic Vegetation Response to Rapid Climate Change Using Bioclimatic Classification (Kirilenko & Solomon, 1998)
Impacts of a Ghg-Induced Climate Change on Crop Yields: Effects of Acceleration in Maturation, Moisture Stress and Optimal Temperature (Singh et al., 1998)
A Bayesian Statistical Analysis of the Enhanced Greenhouse Effect (Tol & De Vos, 1998)
Urban Bias in Temperature Time Series – a Case Study for the City of Vienna, Austria (Böhm, 1998)
Natural Climatic Variability as an Explanation for Historical Climatic Fluctuations (Hunt, 1998)
Uncertainty, Complexity and Concepts of Good Science in Climate Change Modelling: Are GCMs the Best Tools? (Shackley et al., 1998)
A Water Balance Model for a Subarctic Sedge Fen and its Application to Climatic Change (Rouse, 1998)
Orbital Forcing and Endogenous Nonlinearity in the Pleistocene: The Greenland Ice Core (Richards, 1998)
Why Worry About the Weather? (Perry, 1998)
An Assessment of Integrated Climate Change Impacts on the Agricultural Economy of Egypt (Yates & Strzepek, 1998)
Gulf of Alaska Atmosphere-Ocean Variability Over Recent Centuries Inferred from Coastal Tree-Ring Records (Wiles et al., 1998)
A Gcm Study of the Impact of Greenhouse Gas Increase on the Frequency of Occurrence of Tropical Cyclones (Royer et al., 1998)
Climate Warming, Wildfire Hazard, and Wildfire Occurrence in Coastal Eastern Spain (Piñol et al., 1998)
The Temporal Climatic Variability in the ‘Río De La Plata’ Basin Displayed by the River Discharges (Garcia & Vargas, 1998)
Transposed Climates for Study of Water Supply Variability on the Laurentian Great Lakes (Kunkel et al., 1998)
Great Lakes Hydrology Under Transposed Climates (Croley et al., 1998)
Evaluation of Weather Catastrophe Data for Use in Climate Change Investigations (Changnon & Changnon, 1998)
Sea-Level Change: The Expected Economic Cost of Protection Or Abandonment in the United States (Yohe & Schlesinger, 1998)
Secular Climatic Oscillations as Indicated by Catastrophic Floods in the Spanish Mediterranean Coastal Area (14th–19th Centuries) (Vallve & Martin-Vide, 1998)
Kyoto Protocol: The Unfinished Agenda (Schneider, 1998)
On the Regulation of Climate: A Sulfate Particle Feedback Loop Involving Deep Convection (Shaw et al., 1998)
Climate-Convection Feedbacks: Some Further Issues (Betts, 1998)
The Value of Improved ENSO Prediction to U.S. Agriculture (Solow et al., 1998)
The Effects of Climate on Welfare and Well-Being in Russia (Frijters & Van Praag, 1998)
Climate Change and Water Resources in Britain (Arnell, 1998)
Evaluating GCM Output with Impact Models (Williams et al., 1998)
Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Tropical Forest Ecosystems (Markham, 1998)
A Climate Change Scenario for the Tropics (Hulme & Viner, 1998)
Tropical Forests Under the Climates of the Last 30,000 Years (Flenley, 1998)
Potential Changes in Tropical Storms, Hurricanes, and Extreme Rainfall Events as a Result of Climate Change (Walsh & Pittock, 1998)
Possible Impacts of Climate Variability and Change on Tropical Forest Hydrology (Bonell, 1998)
Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Fire Regimes in the Tropics Based on Magicc and a GISS GCM-Derived Lightning Model (Goldammer & Price, 1998)
Tropical Forests in a Co2-Rich World (Körner, 1998)
Tropical Forests in a Future Climate: Changes in Biological Diversity and Impact on the Global Carbon Cycle (Bazzaz, 1998)
The Potential Effects of Elevated Co2 and Climate Change on Tropical Forest Soils and Biogeochemical Cycling (Silver, 1998)
Relating Tree Physiology to Past and Future Changes in Tropical Rainforest Tree Communities (Kursar, 1998)
Responses of Tropical Trees to Rainfall Seasonality and its Long-Term Changes (Borchert, 1998)
Deep Soil Moisture Storage and Transpiration in Forests and Pastures of Seasonally-Dry Amazonia (Jipp et al., 1998)
Ecological Implications of Changes in Drought Patterns: Shifts in Forest Composition in Panama (Condit, 1998)
Potential Impact of Climatic Change on Tropical Rain Forest Seedlings and Forest Regeneration (Whitmore, 1998)
Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Tropical Asian Forests Through an Influence on Phenology (Corlett & Lafrankie, 1998)
Possible Effects of Climate Change on Plant/Herbivore Interactions in Moist Tropical Forests (Coley, 1998)
Global Climate Change and Tropical Forest Genetic Resources (Bawa & Dayanandan, 1998)
A Model of Conductive Heat Flow in Forest Edges and Fragmented Landscapes (Malcolm, 1998)
Vulnerability of Island Tropical Montane Cloud Forests to Climate Change, with Special Reference to East Maui, Hawaii (Loope & Giambelluca, 1998)
Vulnerabilities of Tropical Forests to Climate Change: The Significance of Resident Epiphytes (Benzing, 1998)
Potential Effects of Climate Change on Two Neotropical Amphibian Assemblages (Donnelly & Crump, 1998)
Climate Change and Tropical Forests in India (Ravindranath & Sukumar, 1998)
Sustainable Development, Climate Change and Tropical Rain Forest Landscape (Ramakrishnan, 1998)
Drought in the Rain Forest, Part II an Update Based on the 1994 Enso Event (Salafsky, 1998)
Avoiding a COP-Out: Moving Towards Systematic Decision-Making Under the Climate Convention (Najam & Sagar, 1998)
Context and Early Origins of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (Agrawala, 1998)
Structural and Process History of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (Agrawala, 1998)
Human Dimensions of Climate Change: Cultural Theory and Collective Action (Pendergraft, 1998)
Atmospheric Moisture Residence Times and Cycling: Implications for Rainfall Rates and Climate Change (Trenberth, 1998)
Evaluation of the Climatic Change Impacts on the Inland Lake – A Case Study of Lake Qinghai, China (Qin & Huang, 1998)
Far Reach of the Tenth Century Eldgjá Eruption, Iceland (Stothers, 1998)
Further Documentary Evidence of Northern Hemispheric Coverage of the Great Dry Fog of 1783 (Demarée et al., 1998)
Assessing and Mitigating N2O Emissions from Agricultural Soils (Mosier et al., 1998)
Mitigating Agricultural Emissions of Methane (Mosier et al., 1998)
Possibilities for Future Carbon Sequestration in Canadian Agriculture in Relation to Land Use Changes (Dumanski et al., 1998)
Carbon Sequestration and Turnover in Semiarid Savannas and Dry Forest (Tiessen et al., 1998)
Carbon Dioxide Fluxes and Potential Mitigation in Agriculture and Forestry of Tropical and Subtropical China (Zhong & Qi-Guo, 1998)
CO2 Mitigation by Agriculture: An Overview (Paustian et al., 1998)
Canadian Freshwater Wetlands and Climate Change (Clair, 1998)
Precambrian Shield Wetlands: Hydrologic Control of the Sources and Export of Dissolved Organic Matter (Schiff et al., 1998)
Hydrology of Prairie Pothole Wetlands during Drought and Deluge: A 17-Year Study of the Cottonwood Lake Wetland Complex in North Dakota in the Perspective of Longer Term Measured and Proxy Hydrological Records (Winter & Rosenberry, 1998)
Hydrologic Response of a Wetland to Changing Moisture Conditions: Modeling Effects of Soil Heterogeneity (Zeeb & Hemond, 1998)
Uncertainty in Predicting the Effect of Climatic Change on the Carbon Cycling of Canadian Peatlands (Moore et al., 1998)
Effect of temperature on production of CH4 and CO2 from Peat in a Natural and Flooded Boreal Forest Wetland (McKenzie et al., 1998)
Northern Canadian Wetlands: Net Ecosystem CO2 Exchange and Climatic Change (Waddington et al., 1998)
Gas Production from an Ombrotrophic Bog-Effect of Climate Change on Microbial Ecology (Brown, 1998)
Holocene Climate and the Development of a Subarctic Peatland near Inuvik, Northwest Territories, Canada (Vardy et al., 1998)
Peatland Initiation During the Holocene in Continental Western Canada (Halsey et al., 1998)
Potential Effects of Global Warming on Waterfowl Populations Breeding in the Northern Great Plains (Sorenson et al., 1998)
Implications of Global Climate Change for Tourism and Recreation in Wetland Areas (Wall, 1998)
Assessing the Impact of Climate Change on the Great Lakes Shoreline Wetlands (Mortsch, 1998)
Communicating Climate (Nicholls & Kestin, 1998)
Climate Whispers: Media Communication About Climate Change (Henderson-Sellers, 1998)
Regional Nested Model Simulations of Present Day and 2 × CO2 Climate over the Central Plains of the U.S. (Giorgi et al., 1998)
Biotic Feedbacks in the Warming of the Earth (Woodwell et al., 1998)
Possible Impacts of Climate Change on Soil Moisture Availability in the Southeast Anatolia Development Project Region (GAP): An Analysis from an Agricultural Drought Perspective (Komuscu et al., 1998)
Simulated Climate Change Effects on Year-Round Water Temperatures in Temperate Zone Lakes (Stefan et al., 1998)
The Early 19th Century Climate of the Bahamas and a Comparison with 20th Century Averages (Chenoweth, 1998)
The Natural Fluctuations of Firn Densification and Their Effect on the Geodetic Determination of Ice Sheet Mass Balance (Arthern & Wingham, 1998)
On the Use of the Jesuit Order Private Correspondence Records in Climate Reconstructions: A Case Study from Castille (Spain) for 1634–1648 A.D. (Rodrigo et al., 1998)
Potential Effects of Differential Day-Night Warming in Global Climate Change on Crop Production (Dhakhwa & Campbell, 1998)
Impacts of Land Degradation on Historical Temperature Records from the Sonoran Desert (Balling et al., 1998)
Predicting Effects of Temperature Increase on the Water Balance of Beech Forest – An Application of the ‘KAUSHA’ Model (Herbst & Hörmann, 1998)
Comments on J. B. Smith (Climatic Change 32, 313–326) and the Aggregation of Climate Change Damage Costs (Demeritt & Rothmans, 1998)
Response to Commentary by Demeritt and Rothman (Smith, 1998)
Northern North American Tree-Ring Evidence for Regional Temperature Changes after Major Volcanic Events (D’Arrigo & Jacoby, 1999)
Model Computations of the Impact of Climatic Change on the Windthrow Risk of Trees (Peltola et al., 1999)
Quantifying the Impact of Global Climate Change on Potential Natural Vegetation (Sykes et al., 1999)
Historical and Modern Fluctuations of Lakes Tanganyika and Rukwa and Their Relationship to Rainfall Variability (Nicholson, 1999)
Climate Change Impacts on the Potential Productivity of Corn and Winter Wheat in Their Primary United States Growing Regions (Brown & Rosenberg, 1999)
Assessing Possible Impacts of Climate Change on Species Important for Forestry in Vietnam (Booth et al., 1999)
Is Strange Weather in the Air? A Study of U.S. National Network News Coverage of Extreme Weather Events (Ungar, 1999)
Polar Winter: A Biological Model for Impact Events and Related Dark/Cold Climatic Changes (Cockell & Stokes, 1999)
Variations in Reconstructed Ice Winter Severity in the Western Baltic from 1501 to 1995, and their implications for the North Atlantic Oscillation (Koslowski & Glaser, 1999)
Is Potential Evapotranspiration and Its Relationship with Actual Evapotranspiration Sensitive to Elevated Atmospheric CO2 Levels? (Lockwood, 1999)
Predicted Effects of Climatic Change on Distribution of Ecologically Important Native Tree and Shrub Species in Florida (Box et al., 1999)
Changes in Extreme Rainfall Events in South Africa (Mason et al., 1999)
Towards an Interpretation of Historical Droughts in Northern Nigeria: A Comment on a Paper by Aondover Tarhule and Ming-Ko Woo (Keylock, 1999)
Reply to Comment on ‘Towards an Interpretation of Historical Droughts in Northern Nigeria’ (Tarhule & Woo, 1999)
Out of the Lab and into the Frying Pan: The Need for Broader Conversations about Climatic Change (Cohen, 1999)
Why Conventional Tools for Policy Analysis Are Often Inadequate for Problems of Global Change (Morgan et al., 1999)
The Tolerable Windows Approach: Lessons and Limitations (Yohe, 1999)
Climate Change Thresholds and Guardrails for Emissions (Dowlatabadi, 1999)
The Tolerable Windows Approach: Theoretical and Methodological Foundations (Petschel-Held et al., 1999)
Intertemporal Accounting of Climate Change – Harmonizing Economic Efficiency and Climate Stewardship (Hasselmann, 1999)
Time Discounting and Optimal Emission Reduction: An Application of FUND (Tol, 1999)
On the Search for the Correct Economic Assessment Method (Adams, 1999)
A FARMer’s View of the Ricardian Approach to Measuring Agricultural Effects of Climatic Change (Darwin, 1999)
Public Perceptions of Climate Change: A ‘Willingness to Pay’ Assessment (Berk & Fovell, 1999)
Evaluation Endpoints and Climate Policy: Atmospheric Stabilization, Benefit-Cost Analysis, and Near-Term Greenhouse-Gas Emissions (Hammitt, 1999)
Integrated Global System Model for Climate Policy Assessment: Feedbacks and Sensitivity Studies (Prinn et al., 1999)
Towards the Construction of Climate Change Scenarios (Mitchell et al., 1999)
Evaluation of HadCM2 and Direct Use of Daily GCM Data in Impact Assessment Studies (Mavromatis & Jones, 1999)
Development of Regional Climate Scenarios Using a Downscaling Approach (Easterling, 1999)
Clivar/GCOS/WMO Workshop on Indices and Indicators for Climate Extremes Workshop Summary (Karl et al., 1999)
Workshop on Indices and Indicators for Climate Extremes, Asheville, NC, USA, 3–6 June 1997 Breakout Group A: Storms (Trenberth & Owen, 1999)
Workshop on Indices and Indicators for Climate Extremes: Asheville, NC, USA, 3–6 June 1997 Breakout Group B: Precipitation (Nicholls & Murray, 1999)
Workshop on Indices and Indicators for Climate Extremes, Asheville, NC, USA, 3–6 June 1997 Breakout Group C: Temperature Indices for Climate Extremes (Folland et al., 1999)
Global Climate Change: Why U.S. Insurers Care (Nutter, 1999)
Interactions Between the Atmospheric Sciences and Insurers in the United States (Changnon et al., 1999)
Damaging Weather Conditions in the United States: A Selection of Data Quality and Monitoring Issues (Skinner et al., 1999)
Atlantic Basin Hurricanes: Indices of Climatic Changes (Landsea et al., 1999)
The Use of Indices to Identify Changes in Climatic Extremes (Jones et al., 1999)
Progress in the Study of Climatic Extremes in Northern and Central Europe (Heino et al., 1999)
Changes in Climate Extremes Over the Australian Region and New Zealand During the Twentieth Century (Plummer et al., 1999)
Changes of Climate Extremes in China (Zhai et al., 1999)
Indicators of Climate Change for the Russian Federation (Gruza et al., 1999)
Changes in the Probability of Heavy Precipitation: Important Indicators of Climatic Change (Groisman et al., 1999)
Long-term Observations for Monitoring Extremes in the Americas (Easterling et al., 1999)
Climate Extremes: Selected Review and Future Research Directions (Karl & Easterling, 1999)
Conceptual Framework for Changes of Extremes of the Hydrological Cycle with Climate Change (Trenberth, 1999)
On Testing for Change in Extreme Events (Solow, 1999)
Impact of ENSO-Related Climate Anomalies on Crop Yields in the U.S. (Legler et al., 1999)
Projections of Climate Change Effects on Water Temperature Characteristics of Small Lakes in the Contiguous U.S. (Fang & Stefan, 1999)
Nine Fallacies of Floods (Pielke, 1999)
Impacts on Global Ozone and Climate from Use and Emission of 2,2-Dichloro-1,1,1-Trifluoroethane (HCFC-123) (Calm et al., 1999)
Detecting a Terrestrial Biosphere Sink for Carbon Dioxide: Interannual Ecosystem Modeling for the Mid-1980s (Potter & Klooster, 1999)
National Inventories of Terrestrial Carbon Sources and Sinks: The U.K. Experience (Cannell et al., 1999)
A Rare Long Record of Deep Soil Temperatures Defines Temporal Temperature Changes and an Urban Heat Island (Changnon, 1999)
A Temporal Comparison of Drought Impacts and Responses in the New York City Metropolitan Area (DeGaetano, 1999)
Future African Water Resources: Interactions between Soil Degradation and Global Warming (Feddema, 1999)
Concepts of Good Science in Climate Change Modelling (Henderson-Sellers & McGuffie, 1999)
Response to A. Henderson-Sellers and K. McGuffie (Shackley et al., 1999)
A Model for Estimating Future Emissions of Sulfur Hexafluoride and Perfluorocarbons (Victor & MacDonald, 1999)
Northern Hemisphere Temperature Variability for the Past Three Centuries: Tree-Ring and Model Estimates (D’Arrigo et al., 1999)
Possible Impacts of Global Warming on the Hydrology of the Ogallala Aquifer Region (Rosenberg et al., 1999)
Precipitation Change: Model Simulations and Paleoreconstructions (Shabalova et al., 1999)
Volcanic Dry Fogs, Climate Cooling, and Plague Pandemics in Europe and the Middle East (Stothers, 1999)
Sensitivity of Runoff, Soil Moisture and Reservoir Design to Climate Change in Central Indian River Basins (Mehrotra, 1999)
Climatic Variability in Sixteenth-Century Europe and its Social Dimension: A Synthesis (Pfister & Brázdil, 1999)
Documentary Evidence on Climate in Sixteenth-Century Europe (Pfister et al., 1999)
Daily Weather Observations in Sixteenth-Century Europe (Pfister et al., 1999)
European Tree Rings and Climate in the 16th Century (Briffa et al., 1999)
Seasonal Temperature and Precipitation Fluctuations in Selected Parts of Europe During the Sixteenth Century (Glaser et al., 1999)
European Surface Pressure Patterns for Months with Outstanding Climatic Anomalies During the Sixteenth Century (Jacobeit et al., 1999)
Glacier Fluctuations in the Western Swiss and French Alps in the 16th Century (Holzhauser & Zumbühl, 1999)
Flood Events of Selected European Rivers in the Sixteenth Century (Brázdil et al., 1999)
A Method to Assess the Impact of High Tides, Storms and Storm Surges as Vital Elements in Climatic History the Case of Stormy Weather and Dikes in the Northern Part of Flanders, 1488 to 1609 (de Kraker, 1999)
The Influence of Climatic Change on Price Fluctuations in Germany During the 16th Century Price Revolution (Bauernfeind & Woitek, 1999)
The Crisis of Wine Production in Late Sixteenth-Century Central Europe: Climatic Causes and Economic Consequences (Landsteiner, 1999)
Climatic Change and Witch-hunting: the Impact of the Little Ice Age on Mentalities (Behringer, 1999)
Long-Term Global Warming Scenarios Computed with an Efficient Coupled Climate Model (Rahmstorf & Ganopolski, 1999)
Changes in Heat Index Associated with CO2-Induced Global Warming (Delworth et al., 1999)
Potential Role of Solar Variability as an Agent for Climate Change (Bertrand & van Ypersele, 1999)
Adjusting to Policy Expectations in Climate Change Modeling (Shackley et al., 1999)
The Potential Impact of Global Warming on Hail Losses to Winter Cereal Crops in New South Wales (McMaster, 1999)
Variation of Ecosystems over East Asia in Association with Seasonal, Interannual and Decadal Monsoon Climate Variability (Fu & Wen, 1999)
Detectability of Summer Dryness Caused by Greenhouse Warming (Wetherald & Manabe, 1999)
Vulnerability of the Netherlands and Northwest Europe to Storm Damage under Climate Change (Dorland et al., 1999)
Water Resources Implications of Global Warming: A U.S. Regional Perspective (Lettenmaier et al., 1999)
Evaluating the Science-Policy Interface for Climate Change Research (Jones et al., 1999)
Global Change in Local Places: How Scale Matters (Wilbanks & Kates, 1999)
On the Connection between Upper Atmospheric Dynamics and Tropospheric Parameters: Correlations between Mesopause Region Winds and the North Atlantic Oscillation (Jacobi & Beckmann, 1999)
Climate Change and Agriculture: The State of the Scientific Knowledge (Reilly, 1999)
Climate Change Effects on Plant Growth, Crop Yield and Livestock (Rötter & van de Geijn, 1999)
Climate Change and Agricultural Soils: Impacts and Adaptation (Rounsevell et al., 1999)
Weeds, Insects, and Diseases (Patterson et al., 1999)
Agricultural Vulnerability and Adaptation in Developing Countries: The Asia-Pacific Region (Luo & Lin, 1999)
Agricultural Impact Assessment, Vulnerability, and the Scope for Adaptation (Reilly & Schimmelpfennig, 1999)
The Impact of the Anomalous Weather of 1995 on the U.K. Economy (Subak et al., 2000)
Estimates of the Climate Response to Aircraft CO2 and NOx Emissions Scenarios (Sausen & Schumann, 2000)
Comparing the Correlative Holdridge Model to Mechanistic Biogeographical Models for Assessing Vegetation Distribution Response to Climatic Change (Yates et al., 2000)
A Climate Change Database for Biological Assessments in the Southeastern United States: Development and Case Study (Cooter et al., 2000)
Extreme Climatic Events in Dendroclimatic Reconstructions from Spain (Manrique & Fernandez-Cancio, 2000)
Annual CO2 Flux in Dry and Moist Arctic Tundra: Field Responses to Increases in Summer Temperatures and Winter Snow Depth (Welker et al., 2000)
Potential Carbon Flux from Timber Harvests and Management in the Context of a Global Timber Market (Sohngen & Sedjo, 2000)
Rainfall in the Garden of the United States Great Plains, 1870–1889 (Mock, 2000)
Upscaling in Global Change Research (Harvey, 2000)
Scaling Issues in Forest Succession Modelling (Bugmann et al., 2000)
Scaling Ecological Dynamics: Self-Organization, Hierarchical Structure, and Ecological Resilience (Peterson, 2000)
Upscaling Tropical Deforestation: Implications for Climate Change (O’Brien, 2000)
Potential Scale-Related Problems in Estimating the Costs of CO2 Mitigation Policies (Green, 2000)
Measuring Environmental Values and Environmental Impacts: Going from the Local to the Global (Rothman, 2000)
Scaling and Demographic Issues in Global Change Research: The Great Plains, 1880-1990 (Gutmann, 2000)
Cross-Level Inference in Political Science (Sprinz, 2000)
Beware the Elegance of the Number Zero (Covey, 2000)
Constraining the Aerosol Radiative Forcing and Climate Sensitivity (Harvey, 2000)
Avoiding Circular Logic in Climate Modeling (Rodhe et al., 2000)
The Use of Global Warming Potentials in the Kyoto Protocol (Lashof, 2000)
The Jury is Still Out on Global Warming Potentials (O’Neill, 2000)
Global Warming Potentials: 1. Climatic Implications of Emissions Reductions (Smith & Wigley, 2000)
Global Warming Potentials: 2. Accuracy (Smith & Wigley, 2000)
A Green Planet Versus a Desert World: Estimating the Maximum Effect of Vegetation on the Land Surface Climate (Kleidon et al., 2000)
Effects of Climate Change on Rice Production in the Tropical Humid Climate of Kerala, India (Saseendran et al., 2000)
Simulated Urban Climate Response to Historical Land Use Modification in the Basin of Mexico (Jazcilevich et al., 2000)
Assessing Climate Change Implications for Water Resources Planning: A Comment on a Paper by A. W. Wood et al. (Kirshen, 2000)
Reply to comment by Kirshen on ‘Assessing Climate Change Implications for Water Resources Planning’ (Wood et al., 2000)
Societal Adaptation to Climate Variability and Change: An Introduction (Kane & Yohe, 2000)
Cautionary Tales: Adaptation and the Global Poor (Kates, 2000)
Smallholder Maize Production and Climatic Risk: A Case Study from Mexico (Eakin, 2000)
Pacific Salmon Fisheries: Climate, Information and Adaptation in a Conflict-Ridden Context (Miller, 2000)
Reducing Vulnerability to Climate Variability in Southern Africa: The Growing Role of Climate Information (Dilley, 2000)
Linking Adaptation and Mitigation in Climate Change Policy (Kane & Shogren, 2000)
Adaptation and the Guardrail Approach to Tolerable Climate Change (Yohe & Toth, 2000)
The Impacts of Climate Variability on Near-Term Policy Choices and the Value of Information (Lempert et al., 2000)
Climate Variability, Climate Change and Water Resource Management in the Great Lakes (de Loë & Kreutzwiser, 2000)
Adaptation in Canadian Agriculture to Climatic Variability and Change (Bryant et al., 2000)
Adaptation: Sensitivity to Natural Variability, Agent Assumptions and Dynamic Climate Changes (Schneider et al., 2000)
An Anatomy of Adaptation to Climate Change and Variability (Smith et al., 2000)
Irreversibility, Uncertainty, and Learning: Portraits of Adaptation to Long-Term Climate Change (Reilly & Schimmelpfennig, 2000)
GCM Hindcasts of SST Forced Climate Variability over Agriculturally Intensive Regions (Druyan et al., 2000)
Recent Trends in Rainfall-Runoff Characteristics in the Alzette River Basin, Luxembourg (Pfister et al., 2000)
Reconstruction of New Zealand Temperatures Back to AD 1720 Using Libocedrus bidwillii Tree-Rings (Xiong & Palmer, 2000)
Climatic and Demographic Consequences of the Massive Volcanic Eruption of 1258 (Stothers, 2000)
Robust Strategies for Abating Climate Change (Lempert & Schlesinger, 2000)
Identifying Key Sources of Uncertainty in Climate Change Projections (Visser et al., 2000)
Gearing up for IPCC-2001 (Ritson, 2000)
Economic Analysis of the Potential Impact of Climate Change on Recreational Trout Fishing in the Southern Appalachian Mountains: An Application of a Nested Multinomial Logit Model (Ahn et al., 2000)
Wealth, Responsibility, and Equity: Exploring an Allocation Framework for Global GHG Emissions (Sagar, 2000)
Country-Specific Market Impacts of Climate Change (Mendelsohn et al., 2000)
Efficient Adaptation to Climate Change (Mendelsohn, 2000)
Climate Change Policy Targets and the Role of Technological Change (Janssen & de Vries, 2000)
A GCM Simulation of Heat Waves, Dry Spells, and Their Relationships to Circulation (Huth et al., 2000)
Future Climatic Changes: Are We Entering an Exceptionally Long Interglacial? (Loutre & Berger, 2000)
Investigating Climate Change Impacts and Thresholds: An Application of the CLIMPACTS Integrated Assessment Model for New Zealand Agriculture (Kenny et al., 2000)
Global Warming and Tropical Land-Use Change: Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Biomass Burning, Decomposition and Soils in Forest Conversion, Shifting Cultivation and Secondary Vegetation (Fearnside, 2000)
Observational Evidence of Recent Change in the Northern High-Latitude Environment (Serreze et al., 2000)
Sea Storms in the Adriatic Sea and the Western Mediterranean during the Last Millennium (Camuffo et al., 2000)
Climate Impact Response Functions: An Introduction (Toth et al., 2000)
Precipitation: A Parameter Changing Climate and Modified by Climate Change (Cubasch et al., 2000)
The Response of Arctic Sea Ice to Global Change (Lemke et al., 2000)
On the Response of the Greenland Ice Sheet to Greenhouse Climate Change (Greve, 2000)
Thresholds and Response to Climate Change Forcing: The Water Sector (Arnell, 2000)
Deriving and Applying Response Surface Diagrams for Evaluating Climate Change Impacts on Crop Production (Van Minnen et al., 2000)
Responses and Thresholds of the Egyptian Economy to Climate Change Impacts on the Water Resources of the Nile River (Strzepek & Yates, 2000)
A Concise History of Dutch River Floods (Tol & Langen, 2000)
Assessing the Role of Adaptation in Evaluating Vulnerability to Climate Change (Yohe, 2000)
Bumping against a Gas Ceiling (Dowlatabadi, 2000)
Revised Rules of Procedure for the IPCC Process (Skodvin, 2000)
A Methodology for Quantifying Uncertainty in Climate Projections (Webster & Sokolov, 2000)
Sensitivity of Ceres-Maize Yields to Statistical Structure of Daily Weather Series (Dubrovský et al., 2000)
Climatic Warming in the Spanish Mediterranean: Natural Trend or Urban Effect (Sala et al., 2000)
Increased Precipitation in the Norwegian Arctic: True or False? (Førland & Hanssen-Bauer, 2000)
Are Cosmic Rays Influencing Oceanic Cloud Coverage – Or Is It Only El Niño? (Farrar, 2000)
Preserving the Ocean Circulation: Implications for Climate Policy (Keller et al., 2000)
Long-Term Changes in Soil Water Tables over thePast 4500 Years: Relationships with Climate and NorthAtlantic Atmospheric Circulation and Sea Surface Temperature (Charman & Hendon, 2000)
Response of a River Catchment to Climatic Change: Application of Expanded Downscaling to Northern Germany (Müller-Wohlfeil et al., 2000)
Climate Change Impacts on Urban Flooding (Schreider et al., 2000)
Sensitivity of the Himalayan Hydrology to Land-Use and Climatic Changes (Sharma et al., 2000)
Anthropogenic, Climatic, and Hydrologic Trends in the Kosi Basin, Himalaya (Sharma et al., 2000)
Investigating the Balance between Timber Harvest and Productivity of Global Coniferous Forests under Global Change (Churkina & Running, 2000)
Social Change, Ecology and Climate in 20th-Century Greenland (Hamilton et al., 2000)
Benefits, Costs, and Cooperation in Greenhouse Gas Abatement (Hamaide & Boland, 2000)
Mitigating Carbon Emissions while Advancing National DevelopmentPriorities: The Case of Mexico (Sheinbaum & Masera, 2000)
The Greenhouse Externality to Childbearing: A Sensitivity Analysis (O’Neill & Wexler, 2000)
Theory and Practice in Assessing Vulnerability to Climate Change andFacilitating Adaptation (Kelly & Adger, 2000)
Long-Term Variations in Seasonal Weather Conditions Important to Corn Production in Illinois (Changnon & Winstanley, 2000)
An Analysis of Sensitivity of Terrestrial Ecosystems in China to ClimaticChange Using Spatial Simulation (Gao et al., 2000)
ENSO Events Recorded in the Guliya Ice Core (Yang et al., 2000)
Detecting a Global Warming Signal in Hemispheric Temperature Series: AStructural Time Series Analysis (Stern & Kaufmann, 2000)
The “Little Ice Age”: Local and Global Perspectives (Jones & Briffa, 2001)
“Little Ice Age” Research: A Perspective from Iceland (Ogilvie & Jónsson, 2001)
The Initiation of the “Little Ice Age” in Regions Round the North Atlantic (Grove, 2001)
Oceanographic Change and Terrestrial Human Impacts in a Post A.D. 1400 Sediment Record from the Southwest Iceland Shelf (Jennings et al., 2001)
The Time Period A.D. 1400-1980 in Central Greenland Ice Cores in Relation to the North Atlantic Sector (Barlow, 2001)
The “Little Ice Age” and its Geomorphological Consequences in Mediterranean Europe (Grove, 2001)
Is there an Insect Signal for the “Little Ice Age”? (Buckland & Wagner, 2001)
Can Lichenometry be Used to Date the “Little Ice Age” Glacial Maximum in Iceland? (Kirkbride & Dugmore, 2001)
Early Instrumental Meteorological Observations in Iceland (Jónsson & Garđarsson, 2001)
The Tallinn Temperature Series Reconstructed Back Half a Millennium by Use of Proxy Data (Tarand & Nordli, 2001)
Reconstruction of Nineteenth Century Summer Temperatures in Norway by Proxy Data from Farmers’Diaries (Nordli, 2001)
Zonal Indices for Europe 1780–1995 and Running Correlations with Temperature (Jacobeit et al., 2001)
A Quantitative Assessment of Buffers among Temperature Variations, Livestock, and the Human Population of Iceland, 1784 to 1900 (Vasey, 2001)
The Present, Past, and Future Contributions to Global Warming of CO2 Emissions from Fuels (Rosa & Ribeiro, 2001)
Storms, Investor Decisions, and the Economic Impacts of Sea Level Rise (West et al., 2001)
The Flood Characteristics of Large U.K. Rivers: Potential Effects of Changing Climate and Land Use (Reynard et al., 2001)
The Weather of the European Atlantic Seaboard During October 1805: An Exercise in Historical Climatology (Wheeler, 2001)
Rainfall Conditions in Equatorial East Africa during the Nineteenth Century as Inferred from the Record of Lake Victoria (Nicholson & Yin, 2001)
Modeling the Influence of Topographic Barriers on Treeline Advance at the Forest-Tundra Ecotone in Northwestern Alaska (Rupp et al., 2001)
Satellite Measurements of Albedo and Radiant Temperature from Semi-Desert Grassland along the Arizona/Sonora Border (Michalek et al., 2001)
Herbivory-Mediated Responses of Selected Boreal Forests to Climatic Change (Niemelä et al., 2001)
Global-Scale Relationships between Climate and the Dengue Fever Vector, Aedes Aegypti (Hopp & Foley, 2001)
On Homeostasis in Daisyworld (Weber, 2001)
Organizational Structure and the Behavior of Firms: Implications for Integrated Assessment (DeCanio et al., 2001)
The Growth of Climate Change Science: A Scientometric Study (Stanhill, 2001)
Counting Terrestrial Sources and Sinks of Carbon (Houghton, 2001)
The Carbon Cycle of Sandy Lands in China and its GlobalSignificance (Qi et al., 2001)
Permafrost Degradation and Ecological Changes Associated with a WarmingClimate in Central Alaska (Jorgenson et al., 2001)
Variability of Climate in Meridional Balkans during the Periods 1675–1715 and 1780–1830 and its Impact on Human Life (Xoplaki et al., 2001)
Process, Forcing, and Signal Analysis of Global Mean TemperatureVariations by Means of a Three-Box Energy Balance Model (Grieser & Schönwiese, 2001)
Sequestering of Atmospheric Carbon through Permanent Disposal of Crop Residue (Metzger & Benford, 2001)
A Method for Estimating the Cost of CO2 Mitigation through Afforestation (Plantinga & Mauldin, 2001)
An Amplified Signal of Climatic Change in Soil Temperatures during the Last Century at Irkutsk, Russia (Zhang et al., 2001)
Water Budgets of Two Watersheds in Different Climatic Zones under Projected Climate Warming (Mohseni & Stefan, 2001)
Impact of Climate Change on Hydrological Regimes and Water Resources Management in the Rhine Basin (Middelkoop et al., 2001)
Variability of Sea-Ice Extent in Baffin Bay over the Last Millennium (Grumet et al., 2001)
Economic Implications of Potential ENSO Frequency and Strength Shifts (Chen et al., 2001)
Assessment of Historical Thunderstorm Data for Urban Effects: The Chicago Case (Changnon, 2001)
The Sensitivity of Australian Fire Danger to Climate Change (Williams et al., 2001)
In Search of Warmer Climates? The Impact of Climate Change on Flows of British Tourists (Maddison, 2001)
Variations and Trends in Turkish Seasonal Heating and Cooling Degree-Days (Kadioğlu et al., 2001)
Evidence of Drought in Western Sicily during the Period 1565–1915 from Liturgical Offices (Piervitali & Colacino, 2001)
Spatial Response to Major Volcanic Events in or about AD 536, 934 and 1258: Frost Rings and Other Dendrochronological Evidence from Mongolia and Northern Siberia: Comment on R. B. Stothers, ‘Volcanic Dry Fogs, Climate Cooling, and Plague Pandemics in Europe and the Middle East’ (Climatic Change, 42, 1999) (D’Arrigo et al., 2001)
The Kyoto Protocol Emission Allocations: Windfall Surpluses for Russia and Ukraine (Victor et al., 2001)
Elicitation of Expert Judgments of Climate Change Impacts on Forest Ecosystems (Morgan et al., 2001)
The Compounding Effects of Tropical Deforestation and Greenhouse Warming on Climate (Zhang et al., 2001)
Carbon Storage in Terrestrial Ecosystems of China: Estimates at Different Spatial Resolutions and Their Responses to Climate Change (Ni, 2001)
Testing for a Temperature Effect on an Early Catch Record (Solow, 2001)
International Trade in Wood Products: Its Role in the Land Use Change andForestry Carbon Cycle (Nabuurs & Sikkema, 2001)
Effects of Climatic Change on a Water Dependent Regional Economy: A Study of the Texas Edwards Aquifer (Chen et al., 2001)
Estimating Climate-Induced Change in Soil Moisture at the LandscapeScale: An Application to Five Areas of Ecological Interest in the U.K. (Naden & Watts, 2001)
The Late Maunder Minimum (1675–1715) – A Key Period forStudying Decadal Scale Climatic Change in Europe (Luterbacher et al., 2001)
Transient Behaviour of Tropospheric Ozone Precursors in a Global 3-D CTM and Their Indirect Greenhouse Effects (Derwent et al., 2001)
A Summary of Climate Change Impact Assessments from the U.S. Country Studies Program (Smith & Lazo, 2001)
Modeling Global Climate–Vegetation Interactions in a Doubled CO2 World (Bergengren et al., 2001)
Potential Impact of Climate Change on Vegetation in the European Alps: A Review (Theurillat & Guisan, 2001)
The Influence of Climate Warming on Soil Frost on Snow-Free Surfaces in Finland (Venäläinen et al., 2001)
Respiration of Recently-Fixed Plant Carbon Dominates Mid-Winter Ecosystem CO2 Production in Sub-Arctic Heath Tundra (Grogan et al., 2001)
Hydrologic Sensitivity of Global Rivers to Climate Change (Nijssen et al., 2001)
Sensitivity Studies of the Impacts of Climate Change on White Nile Flows (Sene et al., 2001)
Variations of East African Climate during the Past Two Centuries (Hastenrath, 2001)
Climate Change and Cryptosporidiosis: A Qualitative Analysis (Casman et al., 2001)
Using El Niño/Southern Oscillation Climate Data to Predict Rice Production in Indonesia (Naylor et al., 2001)
The Changing Incidence of Extremes in Worldwide and Central England Temperatures to the End of the Twentieth Century (Horton et al., 2001)
Predicting Patterns of Near-Surface Air Temperature Using Empirical Data (Anisimov, 2001)
A Semi-Quantitative, Regional Precipitation Data Set for Studying African Climates of the Nineteenth Century, Part I. Overview of the Data Set (Nicholson, 2001)
Physiologic Plasticity, Evolution, and Impacts of a Changing Climate on Pinus Contorta (Rehfeldt et al., 2001)
Military Emissions, Armed Conflicts, Border Changes and the Kyoto Protocol (Michaelowa & Koch, 2001)
Post-Normal Science and the Global Climate Change Issue (Saloranta, 2001)
Climate Shifts during the Last Century (Fraedrich et al., 2001)
Climate Change in China from 1880 to 1998 and its Impact on the Environmental Condition (Qian & Zhu, 2001)
Economic Impacts of Carbon Charges on U.S. Agriculture (Peters et al., 2001)
An Investigation of the Relationship between Pesticide Usage and Climate Change (Chen & McCarl, 2001)
Long-Term Fluctuations in Thunderstorm Activity in the United States (Changnon & Changnon, 2001)
A Cautionary Note on the Use of Seasonally Varying Thresholds to Assess Temperature Extremes. Comments on `The Use of Indices to Identify Changes in Climatic Extremes’ (Zhang et al., 2001)
The Effect of Increasing the Mean on the Percentage of Extreme Values in Gaussian and Skew Distributions. Response to X. Zhang et al. (Horton et al., 2001)
Science Needs and New Technology for Increasing Soil Carbon Sequestration (Metting et al., 2001)
Potential of Desertification Control to Sequester Carbon and Mitigate the Greenhouse Effect (Lal, 2001)
Monitoring and Verifying Changes of Organic Carbon in Soil (Post et al., 2001)
Soil Carbon: Policy and Economics (Marland et al., 2001)
Comparison of Agricultural Impacts of Climate Change Calculated from High and Low Resolution Climate Change Scenarios: Part I. The Uncertainty Due to Spatial Scale (Mearns et al., 2001)
Comparison of Agricultural Impacts of Climate Change Calculated from High and Low Resolution Climate Change Scenarios: Part II. Accounting for Adaptation and CO2 Direct Effects (Easterling et al., 2001)
Impacts (Schlumpf et al., 2001)
How Much Physiology Is Needed in Forest Gap Models for Simulating Long-Term Vegetation Response to Global Change? Introduction (Pitelka et al., 2001)
A Review of Forest Gap Models (Bugmann, 2001)
Tree Species Composition in European Pristine Forests: Comparison of Stand Data to Model Predictions (Badeck et al., 2001)
Comparing the Performance of Forest gap Models in North America (Bugmann et al., 2001)
A Comparative Analysis of the Structure and Behavior of Three Gap Models at Sites in Northeastern China (Shao et al., 2001)
Aboveground Growth and Competition in Forest Gap Models: An Analysis for Studies of Climatic Change (Norby et al., 2001)
Below-Ground Processes in Gap Models for Simulating Forest Response to Global Change (Wullschleger et al., 2001)
Regeneration in Gap Models: Priority Issues for Studying Forest Responses to Climate Change (Price et al., 2001)
Tree Mortality in Gap Models: Application to Climate Change (Keane et al., 2001)
How Much Physiology is Needed in Forest Gap Models for Simulating Long-Term Vegetation Response to Global Change? Challenges, Limitations, and Potentials (Reynolds et al., 2001)
Effects of Land Cover Conversion on Surface Climate (Bounoua et al., 2002)
Risk Estimation of Collapse of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet (Vaughan & Spouge, 2002)
Testing 100-Year Global Warming Potentials: Impacts on Compliance Costs and Abatement Profile (Godal & Fuglestvedt, 2002)
Changing Gradients of Climate Change in Southern Africa during the Past Millennium: Implications for Population Movements (Tyson et al., 2002)
A Contribution to the History of European Winters: Some Climatological Proxy Data from Early-Sixteenth Century Swedish Documentary Sources (Retsö, 2002)
Insolation, Moisture Balance and Climate Change on the South American Altiplano Since the Last Glacial Maximum (Rowe et al., 2002)
Warm-Season Annual to Decadal Temperature Variability for Hokkaido, Japan, Inferred from Maximum Latewood Density and Ring Width Data (Davi et al., 2002)
Increasing Growing-Season Length in Illinois during the 20th Century (Robeson, 2002)
The Challenges of Modeling Climate Variability and Change in West Africa (Jenkins et al., 2002)
On Climatic Fluctuations and Environmental Changes of the Indo-Gangetic Plains, India (Singh & Sontakke, 2002)
Climate Change and Rice Yields in Diverse Agro-Environments of India. I. Evaluation of Impact Assessment Models (Mall & Aggarwal, 2002)
Climate Change and Rice Yields in Diverse Agro-Environments of India. II. Effect of Uncertainties in Scenarios and Crop Models on Impact Assessment (Aggarwal & Mall, 2002)
Climate Change in the Sub-Antarctic: An Illustration from Marion Island (Smith, 2002)
Modeling Modern and Late Pleistocene Glacio-Climatological Conditions in the North Chilean Andes (29–30 °) (Kull et al., 2002)
Testing the Effect of Life on Earth’s Functioning: How Gaian Is the Earth System? (Kleidon, 2002)
The Gaia Hypothesis: Fact, Theory, and Wishful Thinking (Kirchner, 2002)
Testing Gaia: The Effect of Life on Earth’s Habitability and Regulation (Lenton, 2002)
The Oxidation of Organic Compounds in the Troposphere and their Global Warming Potentials (Collins et al., 2002)
Spatial and Temporal Variability in the Growth and Climate Response of Treeline Trees in Alaska (Lloyd & Fastie, 2002)
History of the Long Series of Daily Air Temperature in Padova (1725–1998) (Camuffo, 2002)
Corrections of Systematic Errors and Data Homogenisation in the Daily Temperature Padova Series (1725–1998) (Cocheo & Camuffo, 2002)
Daily Milan Temperature and Pressure Series (1763–1998): History of the Observations and Data and Metadata Recovery (Maugeri et al., 2002)
Daily Milan Temperature and Pressure Series (1763–1998): Completing and Homogenising the Data (Maugeri et al., 2002)
Daily Meteorological Observations in Cádiz – San Fernando. Analysis of the Documentary Sources and the Instrumental Data Content (1786–1996) (Barriendos et al., 2002)
Daily Air Temperature and Pressure Series for Stockholm (1756–1998) (Moberg et al., 2002)
Daily Air Temperature and Pressure Series for Uppsala (1722–1998) (Bergström & Moberg, 2002)
The Daily Temperature Record for St. Petersburg (1743–1996) (Jones & Lister, 2002)
The Long-Term Daily Central Belgium Temperature (CBT) Series (1767–1998) and Early Instrumental Meteorological Observations in Belgium (Demarée et al., 2002)
Calibration and Instrumental Errors in Early Measurements of Air Temperature (Camuffo, 2002)
Errors in Early Temperature Series Arising from Changes in Style of Measuring Time, Sampling Schedule and Number of Observations (Camuffo, 2002)
Trends of Extreme Temperatures in Europe and China Based on Daily Observations (Yan et al., 2002)
The Consequences of CO2 Stabilisation for the Impacts of Climate Change (Arnell et al., 2002)
Changes in Soybean Yields in the Midwestern United States as a Result of Future Changes in Climate, Climate Variability, and CO2 Fertilization (Southworth et al., 2002)
Emissions of Nitrous Oxide and Methane from Conventional and Alternative Fuel Motor Vehicles (Lipman & Delucchi, 2002)
Climatic Implications of the Kyoto Protocol: The Contribution of International Spillover (Grubb et al., 2002)
Responsibility for Past and Future Global Warming: Uncertainties in Attributing Anthropogenic Climate Change (Elzen & Schaeffer, 2002)
Uncertainty in Integrated Assessment Modelling (van Asselt & Rotmans, 2002)
Substitution of Natural Gas for Coal: Climatic Effects of Utility Sector Emissions (Hayhoe et al., 2002)
Elevation Dependence of Winter Wheat Production in Eastern Washington State with Climate Change: A Methodological Study (Thomson et al., 2002)
Effects of Climate Change on Evapotranspiration from Paddy Fields in Southern Taiwan (Yu et al., 2002)
Land Cover, Rainfall and Land-Surface Albedo in West Africa (Fuller & Ottke, 2002)
Impacts of Climate Changes on Elk Population Dynamics in Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado, U.S.A. (Wang et al., 2002)
Possible Effects of Global Warming on Agriculture and Water Resources in Saudi Arabia: Impacts and Responses (Alkolibi, 2002)
Global Climatic Impacts of a Collapse of the Atlantic Thermohaline Circulation (Vellinga & Wood, 2002)
Impact of Climate Change and Variability on Irrigation Requirements: A Global Perspective (Döll, 2002)
Long-Term Ground Heat Flux and Heat Storage at a Mid-Latitude Site (Baker & Baker, 2002)
Agricultural Value of ENSO Information under Alternative Phase Definition (Chen et al., 2002)
Impact of Climate Change on Agricultural Production in the Sahel – Part 1. Methodological Approach and Case Study for Millet in Niger (Mohamed et al., 2002)
Impact of Climate Change on Agricultural Production in the Sahel – Part 2. Case Study for Groundnut and Cowpea in Niger (van Duivenbooden et al., 2002)
To Bury or to Burn: Optimum Use of Crop Residues to Reduce Atmospheric CO2 (Metzger et al., 2002)
Bury, Burn or Both: A Two-for-One Deal on Biomass Carbon and Energy (Keith & Rhodes, 2002)
Decline in Length of the Summer Season on the Kola Peninsula, Russia (Kozlov & Berlina, 2002)
Rethinking the Kyoto Emissions Targets (Babiker & Eckaus, 2002)
Effective and Equitable Dissemination of Seasonal-to-Interannual Climate Forecasts: Policy Implications from the Peruvian Fishery during El Niño 1997–98 (Broad et al., 2002)
Impacts of Climate Change on the Global Forest Sector (Perez-Garcia et al., 2002)
Declining Ice Thickness on an Alpine Lake is Generated by Increased Winter Precipitation (Caine, 2002)
Soil Carbon Sequestration and the CDM: Opportunities and Challenges for Africa (Ringius, 2002)
Dynamics of Russian Forests and the Carbon Budget in 1961–1998: An Assessment Based on Long-Term Forest Inventory Data (Shvidenko & Nilsson, 2002)
Challenges in the Application of Existing Process-Based Models to Predict the Effect of Climate Change on C Pools in Forest Ecosystems (Luckai & Larocque, 2002)
Effects of Climate Change on Carbon Storage in Boreal Forests of China: A Local Perspective (Ni, 2002)
Modeling the Effects of Global Climatic Change at the Ecotone of Boreal Larch Forest and Temperate Forest in Northeast China (Chen, 2002)
Applications of Phenological Models to Predict the Future Carbon Sequestration Potential of Boreal Forests (Leinonen & Kramer, 2002)
Possible Effects of Altered Growth Behaviour of Norway Spruce (Picea abies) on Carbon Accounting (Joosten & Schulte, 2002)
Carbon in Russian Soils (Stolbovoi, 2002)
Changes in Area and Carbon in Forests of the Middle Zavolgie: A Regional Case Study of Russian Forests (Kurbanov & Post, 2002)
Climatic Changes, Successions of Peatlands and Zonal Vegetation, and Peat Accumulation Dynamics in the Holocene (the West-Siberia Peat Profile ‘Vodorasdel’) (Glebov et al., 2002)
Scots Pine Growth Trends in Northwestern Kola Peninsula as an Indicator of Positive Changes in the Carbon Cycle (Alekseev & Soroka, 2002)
Determining Effects of Area Burned and Fire Severity on Carbon Cycling and Emissions in Siberia (Conard et al., 2002)
Modeling the Impact of Black Spruce on the Fire Regime of Alaskan Boreal Forest (Rupp et al., 2002)
Using Remote Sensing to Assess Russian Forest Fire Carbon Emissions (Isaev et al., 2002)
Landscape-Scale Analysis of Interactions between Insect Defoliation and Forest Fire in Central Canada (Fleming et al., 2002)
Estimates of Large-Scale Fluxes in High Latitudes from Terrestrial Biosphere Models and an Inversion of Atmospheric CO2 Measurements (Dargaville et al., 2002)
Large-Scale Climate Variability and Connections with the Middle East in Past Centuries (Mann, 2002)
Impact of the North Atlantic Oscillation on Middle Eastern Climate and Streamflow (Cullen et al., 2002)
Climate Change, Agriculture, and Water Quality in the Chesapeake Bay Region (Abler et al., 2002)
Hydrological Impacts of Climate Change on Inflows to Perth, Australia (Evans & Schreider, 2002)
Why Indoor Climates Change: A Case Study (Meyer, 2002)
Are Natural Climate Forcings Able to Counteract the Projected Anthropogenic Global Warming? (Bertrand et al., 2002)
Impact of Climate on Tourist Demand (Lise & Tol, 2002)
Modelling Carbon Dynamics of Boreal Forest Ecosystems Using the Canadian Land Surface Scheme (Wang et al., 2002)
The Use of Seasonal Climate Forecasting in Policymaking: Lessons from Northeast Brazil (Lemos et al., 2002)
Climate Change and Winter Wheat Management: A Modelling Scenario for South-Eastern England (Ghaffari et al., 2002)
Climate Policy in Light of Climate Science: The ICLIPS Project (Toth, 2003)
Integrated Assessment of Long-term Climate Policies: Part 1 – Model Presentation (Toth et al., 2003)
Integrated Assessment of Long-term Climate Policies: Part 2 – Model Results and Uncertainty Analysis (Toth et al., 2003)
Methodological Aspects of the Tolerable Windows Approach (Bruckner et al., 2003)
Climate Impact Response Functions as Impact Tools in the Tolerable Windows Approach (Füssel et al., 2003)
Climate System Modeling in the Framework of the Tolerable Windows Approach: The ICLIPS Climate Model (Bruckner et al., 2003)
Economic Development and Emission Control over the Long Term: The ICLIPS Aggregated Economic Model (Leimbach & Toth, 2003)
Costs of Reducing Carbon Emissions: An Integrated Modeling Framework Approach (Gritsevskyi & Schrattenholzer, 2003)
Modeling Agriculture and Land Use in an Integrated Assessment Framework (Sands & Leimbach, 2003)
Climate Protection Strategies: International Allocation and Distribution Effects (Klepper & Springer, 2003)
Is the Uncertainty about Climate Change too Large for Expected Cost-Benefit Analysis? (Tol, 2003)
Carbon Budget of the Indian Forest Ecosystem (Haripriya, 2003)
A Local-Scale Study of the Trace Gas Emissions from Vegetation Burning around the Village of Dalun, Ghana, with Respect to Seasonal Vegetation Changes and Burning Practices (Saarnak et al., 2003)
A Modeling System for Studying Climate Controls on Mountain Glaciers with Application to the Patagonian Icefields (Cook et al., 2003)
Gaia and Emergence (Lovelock, 2003)
Seeing Deeper into Gaia Theory (Volk, 2003)
Understanding Climatic Impacts, Vulnerabilities, and Adaptation in the United States: Building a Capacity for Assessment (Parson et al., 2003)
U.S. Agriculture and Climate Change: New Results (Reilly et al., 2003)
Methane Emission Reduction: An Application of FUND (Tol et al., 2003)
Climate Change in Northern Africa: The Past is Not the Future (Claussen et al., 2003)
Stability Analysis of the Climate-Vegetation System in the Northern High Latitudes (Brovkin et al., 2003)
Sensitivity Analysis of Discharge in the Arctic Usa Basin, East-European Russia (van der Linden et al., 2003)
Prediction of Changes in Soil Moisture Associated with Climatic Changes and Their Implications for Vegetation Changes: Waves Model Simulation on Taihang Mountain, China (Yang et al., 2003)
Recent Trends In Laurentian Great Lakes Ice Cover (Assel et al., 2003)
Impact of Secular Climate Change on the Thermal Structure of a Large Temperate Central European Lake (Livingstone, 2003)
Stabilization of Atmospheric Concentrations of Greenhouse Gases (Koch et al., 2003)
Plant Phenological Anomalies in Germany and their Relation to Air Temperature and NAO (Menzel, 2003)
Incorporating Catastrophes into Integrated Assessment: Science, Impacts, and Adaptation (Wright & Erickson, 2003)
The Implications of Climate Change on Floods of the Ganges, Brahmaputra and Meghna Rivers in Bangladesh (Mirza et al., 2003)
Potential Soil C Sequestration on U.S. Agricultural Soils (Sperow et al., 2003)
Trends and Variability in Spring and Autumn 0 °C-Isotherm Dates over Canada (Bonsal & Prowse, 2003)
Developing the Gaia Theory. A Response to the Criticisms of Kirchner and Volk (Lenton & Wilkinson, 2003)
Natural Selection, Gaia, and Inadvertent By-Products: A Reply to Lenton and Wilkinson’s Response (Volk, 2003)
The Gaia Hypothesis: Conjectures and Refutations (Kirchner, 2003)
Can Trees Buy Time? An Assessment of the Role of Vegetation Sinks as Part of the Global Carbon Cycle (Kirschbaum, 2003)
Targeting Climate Forecasts for Agricultural Applications in Sub-Saharan Africa: Situating Farmers in User-Space (Amissah-Arthur, 2003)
Future Climate Impact on the Productivity of Sugar Beet (Beta vulgaris L.) in Europe (Jones et al., 2003)
Problems in Estimating Impacts of Future Climate Change on Midwestern Corn Yields (Changnon & Hollinger, 2003)
Assessing Winter Wheat Responses to Climate Change Scenarios: A Simulation Study in the U.S. Great Plains (Weiss et al., 2003)
The Impacts of Socioeconomic Development and Climate Change on Severe Weather Catastrophe Losses: Mid-Atlantic Region (MAR) and the U.S. (Choi & Fisher, 2003)
Magnitude and Frequency of Flooding in the Tagus Basin (Central Spain) over the Last Millennium (Benito et al., 2003)
Changes in the Wetlands of Andalusia (Doñana Natural Park, SW Spain) at the End of the Little Ice Age (Sousa & García-Murillo, 2003)
Evaluation of a Reconstruction of Winter and Summer Temperatures in the Low Countries, AD 764–1998 (Shabalova & van Engelen, 2003)
Metrics of Climate Change: Assessing Radiative Forcing and Emission Indices (Fuglestvedt et al., 2003)
Sixty-cm Submersion of Venice Discovered Thanks to Canaletto’s Paintings (Camuffo & Sturaro, 2003)
Indirect vs. Direct Effects of Anthropogenic Sulfate on the Climate of East Asia as Simulated with a Regional Coupled Climate-Chemistry/Aerosol Model (Giorgi et al., 2003)
Climate Variability and Change in High Elevation Regions: Past, Present and Future (Diaz et al., 2003)
Climatic Change in Mountain Regions: A Review of Possible Impacts (Beniston, 2003)
Variability of Freezing Levels, Melting Season Indicators, and Snow Cover for Selected High-Elevation and Continental Regions in the Last 50 Years (Diaz et al., 2003)
Comparison of Lower-Tropospheric Temperature Climatologies and Trends at Low and High Elevation Radiosonde Sites (Seidel & Free, 2003)
20th Century Climate Change in the Tropical Andes: Observations and Model Results (Vuille et al., 2003)
The Impact that Elevation Has on the ENSO Signal in Precipitation Records from the Gulf of Alaska Region (Moore et al., 2003)
The Health of Glaciers: Recent Changes in Glacier Regime (Meier et al., 2003)
Tropical Glacier and Ice Core Evidence of Climate Change on Annual to Millennial Time Scales (Thompson et al., 2003)
Glaciers and Climate in the Andes between the Equator and 30° S: What is Recorded under Extreme Environmental Conditions? (Schotterer et al., 2003)
Large-Scale Temperature Changes across the Southern Andes: 20th-Century Variations in the Context of the Past 400 Years (Villalba et al., 2003)
Frequency-Dependent Climate Signal in Upper and Lower Forest Border Tree Rings in the Mountains of the Great Basin (Hughes & Funkhouser, 2003)
Upper Yellowstone River Flow and Teleconnections with Pacific Basin Climate Variability during the Past Three Centuries (Graumlich et al., 2003)
Taking the Pulse of Mountains: Ecosystem Responses to Climatic Variability (Fagre et al., 2003)
An Issue of Permanence: Assessing the Effectiveness of Temporary Carbon Storage (Herzog et al., 2003)
What Can Present Climate Models Tell Us about Climate Change? (Benestad, 2003)
A Global Dynamic Model for the Neolithic Transition (Wirtz & Lemmen, 2003)
Tree-Ring Reconstructed Winter Precipitation and Tropical Teleconnections in Durango, Mexico (Cleaveland et al., 2003)
Global Warming and Potential Changes in Fish Habitat in U.S. Streams (Mohseni et al., 2003)
Climate Scenarios for the Southeastern U.S. Based on GCM and Regional Model Simulations (Mearns et al., 2003)
The Effect of Spatial Scale of Climatic Change Scenarios on Simulated Maize, Winter Wheat, and Rice Production in the Southeastern United States (Tsvetsinskaya et al., 2003)
Response of Soybean and Sorghum to Varying Spatial Scales of Climate Change Scenarios in the Southeastern United States (Carbone et al., 2003)
Spatial Scale Effects of Climate Scenarios on Simulated Cotton Production in the Southeastern U.S.A. (Doherty et al., 2003)
The Effects of Spatial Scale of Climate Scenarios on Economic Assessments: An Example from U.S. Agriculture (Adams et al., 2003)
Improving the Realism of Modeling Agronomic Adaptation to Climate Change: Simulating Technological Substitution (Easterling et al., 2003)
Southeastern U.S. Vegetation Response to ENSO Events (1989–1999) (Peters et al., 2003)
Stochastic Modeling of the Effects of Large-Scale Circulation on Daily Weather in the Southeastern U.S. (Katz et al., 2003)
Pattern Scaling: An Examination of the Accuracy of the Technique for Describing Future Climates (Mitchell, 2003)
Recent Rapid Regional Climate Warming on the Antarctic Peninsula (Vaughan et al., 2003)
Climate Change and People-Caused Forest Fire Occurrence in Ontario (Wotton et al., 2003)
Climate in the Czech Lands during the 1780s in Light of the Daily Weather Records of Parson Karel Bernard Hein of Hodonice (Southwestern Moravia): Comparison of Documentary and Instrumental Data (Brázdil et al., 2003)
Wavelet Analysis of Solar-ENSO Imprints in Tree Ring Data from Southern Brazil in the Last Century (Rigozo et al., 2003)
Using Specific Language to Describe Risk and Probability (Patt & Schrag, 2003)
Burning Buried Sunshine: Human Consumption of Ancient Solar Energy (Dukes, 2003)
Preparing for Climatic Change: The Water, Salmon, and Forests of the Pacific Northwest (Mote et al., 2003)
Increased Carbon Sink in Temperate and Boreal Forests (Liski et al., 2003)
Climate-Years in the True Prairie: Temporal Fluctuations of Ecologically Critical Climate Conditions (Kunkel & Changnon, 2003)
Forestry Projects under the Clean Development Mechanism? (van Vliet et al., 2003)
The Vulnerability of the Australian Beef Industry to Impacts of the Cattle Tick (Boophilus microplus) under Climate Change (White et al., 2003)
The Case of the `Maldá’ Anomaly in the Western Mediterranean Basin (AD 1760–1800): An Example of a Strong Climatic Variability (Barriendos & Llasat, 2003)
Historical Trend in River Ice Thickness and Coherence in Hydroclimatological Trends in Maine (Huntington et al., 2003)
To What Extent Can Oxygen Isotopes in Tree Rings and Precipitation Be Used to Reconstruct Past Atmospheric Temperature? A Case Study (Rebetez et al., 2003)
The Anthropogenic Greenhouse Era Began Thousands of Years Ago (Ruddiman, 2003)
Uncertainty Analysis of Climate Change and Policy Response (Webster et al., 2003)
Climate Dangers and Atoll Countries (Barnett & Adger, 2003)
Vulnerability Assessment of the Maize and Sorghum Crops to Climate Change in Botswana (Chipanshi et al., 2003)
Climatic Aridity and the Relocations of the Zhou Culture in the Southern Loess Plateau of China (Huang et al., 2003)
The Effects of Climate Change on Water Resources in the West: Introduction and Overview (Barnett et al., 2004)
The ACPI Project, Element 1: Initializing a Coupled Climate Model from Observed Conditions (Pierce et al., 2004)
The ACPI Climate Change Simulations (Dai et al., 2004)
Evaluation of Hydrologically Relevant PCM Climate Variables and Large-Scale Variability over the Continental U.S. (Zhu et al., 2004)
Mid-Century Ensemble Regional Climate Change Scenarios for the Western United States (Leung et al., 2004)
U.S. Climate Sensitivity Simulated with the NCEP Regional Spectral Model (Han & Roads, 2004)
Simulating Climate over Western North America Using Stochastic Weather Generators (Mason, 2004)
Hydrologic Implications of Dynamical and Statistical Approaches to Downscaling Climate Model Outputs (Wood et al., 2004)
Changes in Snowmelt Runoff Timing in Western North America under a `Business as Usual’ Climate Change Scenario (Stewart et al., 2004)
Mitigating the Effects of Climate Change on the Water Resources of the Columbia River Basin (Payne et al., 2004)
Potential Implications of PCM Climate Change Scenarios for Sacramento–San Joaquin River Basin Hydrology and Water Resources (VanRheenen et al., 2004)
Simulated Hydrologic Responses to Climate Variations and Change in the Merced, Carson, and American River Basins, Sierra Nevada, California, 1900–2099 (Dettinger et al., 2004)
Elevational Dependence of Projected Hydrologic Changes in the San Francisco Estuary and Watershed (Knowles & Cayan, 2004)
The Effects of Climate Change on the Hydrology and Water Resources of the Colorado River Basin (Christensen et al., 2004)
The Impact of Twenty-First Century Climate Change on Wildland Fire Danger in the Western United States: An Applications Perspective (Brown et al., 2004)
Future Changes in Biological Activity in the North Pacific Due to Anthropogenic Forcing of the Physical Environment (Pierce, 2004)
A Review of Forest Carbon Sequestration Cost Studies: A Dozen Years of Research (Richards & Stokes, 2004)
Response of Nebraska Sand Hills Natural Vegetation to Drought, Fire, Grazing, and Plant Functional Type Shifts as Simulated by the Century Model (Mangan et al., 2004)
Reconstruction of Summer Temperatures in Interior Alaska from Tree-Ring Proxies: Evidence for Changing Synoptic Climate Regimes (Barber et al., 2004)
Low Frequency Streamflow Regimes over the Central United States: 1939–1998 (Mauget, 2004)
High-Frequency and Low-Frequency Variability in Stochastic Daily Weather Generator and Its Effect on Agricultural and Hydrologic Modelling (Dubrovský et al., 2004)
Pace and Pattern of Recent Treeline Dynamics: Response of Ecotones to Climatic Variability in the Spanish Pyrenees (Camarero & Gutiérrez, 2004)
Global Warming and the Greenland Ice Sheet (Chylek et al., 2004)
Russia at GHG Market (Golub & Strukova, 2004)
A Decision Matrix Approach to Evaluating the Impacts of Land-Use Activities Undertaken to Mitigate Climate Change (Kueppers et al., 2004)
Declining Temporal Effectiveness of Carbon Sequestration: Implications for Compliance with the United National Framework Convention on Climate Change (Harvey, 2004)
Integrated Analysis of Physical and Biological Pan-Arctic Change (Overland et al., 2004)
The Changing Nature of Australian Droughts (Nicholls, 2004)
Changes in Fire and Climate in the Eastern Iberian Peninsula (Mediterranean Basin) (Pausas, 2004)
Vulnerability of the Asian Typical Steppe to Grazing and Climate Change (Christensen et al., 2004)
Defining and Experiencing Dangerous Climate Change (Dessai et al., 2004)
Global Warming and Coastal Erosion (Zhang et al., 2004)
Century-Scale Change in Water Availability: CO2-Quadrupling Experiment (Manabe et al., 2004)
Geomorphic Variations of Debris Flows and Recent Climatic Change in the French Alps (Jomelli et al., 2004)
Urban Water Management vs. Climate Change: Impacts on Cold Region Waste Water Inflows (Semadeni-Davies, 2004)
Ecosystem Responses to Abrupt Climate Change: Teleconnections, Scale and the Hydrological Cycle (Higgins & Vellinga, 2004)
Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Costs over the Life Cycle of Wood and Alternative Flooring Materials (Petersen & Solberg, 2004)
The Impact of Climate Change on Wildfire Severity: A Regional Forecast for Northern California (Fried et al., 2004)
Vulnerable or Resilient? A Multi-Scale Assessment of Climate Impacts and Vulnerability in Norway (O’Brien et al., 2004)
Climate Change Impacts and Adaptation Strategies in Spring Barley Production in the Czech Republic (Trnka et al., 2004)
International Emission Trading and the Cost of Greenhouse Gas Emissions Mitigation and Sequestration (Scott et al., 2004)
Adaptation, Spatial Heterogeneity, and the Vulnerability of Agricultural Systems to Climate Change and CO2 Fertilization: An Integrated Assessment Approach (Antle et al., 2004)
Ecosystem Modeling Adds Value to a South African Climate Forecast (Boone et al., 2004)
Assessment of Major Pools and Fluxes of Carbon in Indian Forests (Chhabra & Dadhwal, 2004)
Circulation Variability Reflected in Ice Core and Lake Records of the Southern Tropical Andes (Hastenrath et al., 2004)
Nonlinearities, Feedbacks and Critical Thresholds within the Earth’s Climate System (Rial et al., 2004)
A Sensitivity Analysis of Timing and Costs of Greenhouse Gas Emission Reductions (Gerlagh & van der Zwaan, 2004)
Stakeholder Networks: Improving Seasonal Climate Forecasts (Ziervogel & Downing, 2004)
Future Climate Change of the Subtropical North Atlantic: Implications for the Cloud Forests of Tenerife (Sperling et al., 2004)
Study on the Impacts of Climate Change on China’s Agriculture (Liu et al., 2004)
Hydro-Climatic Trends of the Yellow River Basin for the Last 50 Years (Fu et al., 2004)
SST versus Climate Change Signals in West African Rainfall: 20th-Century Variations and Future Projections (Paeth & Hense, 2004)
Tree-Ring Based Reconstructions of Precipitation for the Southern Canadian Cordillera (Watson & Luckman, 2004)
Carbon Sequestration, Soil Conservation, and the Kyoto Protocol: Summary of Implications (Dumanski, 2004)
Offsetting China’s CO2 Emissions by Soil Carbon Sequestration (Lal, 2004)
Soil Carbon Sequestration in India (Lal, 2004)
Sink Potential of Canadian Agricultural Soils (Boehm et al., 2004)
Estimated N2O and CO2 Emissions as Influenced by Agricultural Practices in Canada (Grant et al., 2004)
Carbon Sequestration and the Restoration of Land Health (Arnalds, 2004)
Assessment and Measurement Issues Related to Soil Carbon Sequestration in Land-Use, Land-Use Change, and Forestry (LULUCF) Projects under the Kyoto Protocol (García-Oliva & Masera, 2004)
International and National Aspects of a Legislative Framework to Manage Soil Carbon Sequestration (Hannam, 2004)
Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Hydroelectric Reservoirs in Tropical Regions (Rosa et al., 2004)
Solar Signal in the Number of Floods Recorded for the Tagus River Basin over the Last Millennium (Vaquero, 2004)
Flood Response to Solar Activity in the Tagus Basin (Central Spain) over the Last Millennium (Benito et al., 2004)
Early Records of Icebergs in the South Atlantic Ocean from Spanish Documentary Sources (Prieto et al., 2004)
Collapse of the Mapungubwe Society: Vulnerability of Pastoralism to Increasing Aridity (O’connor & Kiker, 2004)
Spatial Variability of Trends in the Rainfall-Runoff Relationship: A Mesoscale Study in the Mosel Basin (Pfister et al., 2004)
Sea Level Rise Affecting the Vietnamese Mekong Delta: Water Elevation in the Flood Season and Implications for Rice Production (Wassmann et al., 2004)
Impact of Climate Change on the Water Cycle and Nutrient Losses in a Finnish Catchment (Bouraoui et al., 2004)
Urbanization Effect on the Observed Change in Mean Monthly Temperatures between 1951-1980 and 1971-2000 in Korea (Chung et al., 2004)
Characteristics of Urban Lightning Hazards for Atlanta, Georgia (Stallins, 2004)
On Climate Variations and Changes Observed in South Korea (Chung et al., 2004)
A Numerical Study of the Impact of Greenhouse Gases on the South Atlantic Ocean Climatology (Wainer et al., 2004)
Effects of Greenhouse Gas Emissions on World Agriculture, Food Consumption, and Economic Welfare (Darwin, 2004)
Yield Variability as Influenced by Climate: A Statistical Investigation (Chen et al., 2004)
Beyond Gaia: Thermodynamics of Life and Earth System Functioning (Kleidon, 2004)
Climate and Water: From Climate Models to Water Resources Management and Vice Versa (Varis et al., 2004)
Sensitivity Analysis of Emissions Corridors for the 21st Century (Kriegler & Bruckner, 2004)
Choosing a Stabilization Target for CO2 (Wigley, 2004)
Incorporating Agency Into Climate Change Risk Assessments (Jones, 2004)
Agency and the Assignment of Probabilities to Greenhouse Emissions Scenarios (Risbey, 2004)
Detecting Arctic Climate Change Using Köppen Climate Classification (Wang & Overland, 2004)
Ice-Core Study of the Link between Sea-Salt Aerosol, Sea-Ice Cover and Climate in the Antarctic Peninsula Area (Aristarain et al., 2004)
Is climate change affecting wolf populations in the high arctic? (Mech, 2004)
Simulating growth dynamics in a South-East Asian rainforest threatened by recruitment shortage and tree harvesting (Köhler & Huth, 2004)
Farm-Level Adaptation to Climatic Variability and Change: Crop Diversification in the Canadian Prairies (Bradshaw et al., 2004)
Quantifying, Understanding and Managing the Carbon Cycle in the Next Decades (Canadell et al., 2004)
Future Expansion Of Agriculture and Pasture Acts to Amplify Atmospheric CO2 Levels in Response to Fossil-Fuel and Land-Use Change Emissions (Gitz & Ciais, 2004)
‘The Influence of Land Use Change On Global-Scale Fluxes of Carbon from Terrestrial Ecosystems’ (Levy et al., 2004)
‘New Estimates of Carbon Storage and Sequestration in China’S Forests: Effects of Age–Class and Method On Inventory-Based Carbon Estimation’ (Pan et al., 2004)
Forage Yield-Based Carbon Storage in Grasslands of China (Ni, 2004)
Effects of Land Use Change On the Storage of Soil Organic Carbon: A Case Study of the Qianyanzhou Forest Experimental Station in China (Shaoqiang et al., 2004)
Carbon Stores, Sinks, and Sources in Forests of Northwestern Russia: Can We Reconcile Forest Inventories with Remote Sensing Results? (Krankina et al., 2004)
Carbon for Farmers: Assessing the Potential for Soil Carbon Sequestration in the Old Peanut Basin of Senegal (Tschakert, 2004)
A Case Study of Carbon Pools Under Three Different Land-Uses in Panamá (Potvin et al., 2004)
Closing the Carbon Budget of a Scots Pine forest in the Netherlands (Schelhaas et al., 2004)
Sequestration of a Biologically Labile Organic Carbon in Soils by Humified Organic Matter (Piccolo et al., 2004)
A Global Inventory of Burned Areas at 1 Km Resolution for the Year 2000 Derived from Spot Vegetation Data (Tansey et al., 2004)
Relating Radar Remote Sensing of Biomass to Modelling of Forest Carbon Budgets (Le Toan et al., 2004)
Canopy Structure Parameters Derived from Multi-Angular Remote Sensing Data for Terrestrial Carbon Studies (Widlowski et al., 2004)
Giving Credit where Credit is Due. A Practical Method to Distinguish between Human and Natural Factors in Carbon Accounting (Kirschbaum & Cowie, 2004)
Verification of Carbon Sink Assessment: Can We Exclude Natural Sinks? (Alexandrov & Yamagata, 2004)
Bridging Political Expectations and Scientific Limitations in Climate Risk Management – On the Uncertain Effects of International Carbon Sink Policies* (Lövbrand, 2004)
Economic Impacts of Climate Conditions in the United States: Past, Present, and Future. (Changnon, 2005)
PPP Correction of the IPCC Emission Scenarios – Does it Matter? (Holtsmark & Alfsen, 2005)
The Climate Change Benefits of Reducing Methane Emissions (Hope, 2005)
Creating Carbon Offsets in Agriculture through No-Till Cultivation: A Meta-Analysis of Costs and Carbon Benefits (Manley et al., 2005)
Comparison of formalisms for attributing responsibility for climate change: Non-linearities in the Brazilian Proposal approach (Trudinger & Enting, 2005)
Solar Forcing of Global Temperature Change Since AD 1400 (Damon & Peristykh, 2005)
Robustness of Recommended Farm Plans in England under Climate Change: A Monte Carlo Simulation (Gibbons & Ramsden, 2005)
Permafrost Thaw Accelerates in Boreal Peatlands During Late-20th Century Climate Warming (Camill, 2005)
A Projection of the Effects of the Climate Change Induced by Increased CO2 on Extreme Hydrologic Events in the Western U.S. (Kim, 2005)
A Perspective on Water Resources in China: Interactions between Climate Change and Soil Degradation (Tao et al., 2005)
Interactions between Habitat Loss and Climate Change: Implications for Fairy Shrimp in the Central Valley Ecoregion of California, Usa (Pyke, 2005)
Biological Impacts of Climatic Change on a Beringian Endemic: Cryptic Refugia in the Establishment and Differentiation of the Rock Sandpiper (Calidris Ptilocnemis) (Pruett & Winker, 2005)
Thermohaline Circulation Changes: A Question of Risk Assessment (Rahmstorf & Zickfeld, 2005)
Alternatives to the Global Warming Potential for Comparing Climate Impacts of Emissions of Greenhouse Gases (Shine et al., 2005)
Global Analysis of Changes in Water Supply Yields and Costs under Climate Change: A Case Study in China (Kirshen et al., 2005)
Modeling the potential effects of climate change on water temperature downstream of a shallow reservoir, lower madison river, MT (Gooseff et al., 2005)
The economic and food security implications of climate change in mali (Butt et al., 2005)
Climate Change Impacts for the Conterminous USA: An Integrated Assessment: From Mink to the ‘Lower 48’ (Rosenberg & Edmonds, 2005)
Climate Change Impacts for the Conterminous USA: An Integrated Assessment, PART 1. SCENARIOS AND CONTEXT (Smith et al., 2005)
Climate Change Impacts for the Conterminous USA: An Integrated Assessment, PART 2: MODELS AND VALIDATION (Thomson et al., 2005)
Climate Change Impacts for the Conterminous USA: An Integrated Assessment, Part 3. Dryland Production of Grain and Forage Crops (Thomson et al., 2005)
Climate Change Impacts for the Conterminous USA: An Integrated Assessment, PART 4: WATER RESOURCES (Thomson et al., 2005)
Climate Change Impacts for the Conterminous USA: An Integrated Assessment, PART 5. IRRIGATED AGRICULTURE AND NATIONAL GRAIN CROP PRODUCTION (Thomson et al., 2005)
Climate Change Impacts for the Conterminous USA: An Integrated Assessment, PART 6. DISTRIBUTION AND PRODUCTIVITY OF UNMANAGED ECOSYSTEMS (Izaurralde et al., 2005)
Climate Change Impacts for the Conterminous USA: An Integrated Assessment, PART 7. ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF FIELD CROPS AND LAND USE WITH CLIMATE CHANGE (Sands et al., 2005)
Climate Change Impacts for the Conterminous USA: An Integrated Assessment Summary (Edmonds & Rosenberg, 2005)
Commentary on “The Anthropogenic Greenhouse Era Began Thousands of Years Ago” (Crucifix et al., 2005)
The Uncertain Value of Perfect ENSO Phase Forecasts: Stochastic Agricultural Prices and Intra-Phase Climatic Variations (Letson et al., 2005)
Weather Forecasts are for Wimps: Why Water Resource Managers Do Not Use Climate Forecasts (Rayner et al., 2005)
Fluctuations in US Freezing Rain Days (Changnon & Bigley, 2005)
A comparison of statistical downscaling and climate change factor methods: impacts on low flows in the River Thames, United Kingdom (Diaz-Nieto & Wilby, 2005)
Climate Change Scenarios for the Hudson Bay Region: An Intermodel Comparison (Gagnon & Gough, 2005)
The Effects of Climatic Variability on US Irrigation Adoption (Negri et al., 2005)
Extremes of Daily Rainfall in West Central Florida (Nadarajah, 2005)
Influence Diagrams for Representing Uncertainty in Climate-Related Propositions (Hall et al., 2005)
Climate Change Impact on Snow Coverage, Evaporation and River Discharge in the Sub-Arctic Tana Basin, Northern Fennoscandia (Dankers & Christensen, 2005)
A Simulation of the Climatic Conditions Associated with the Collapse of the Maya Civilization (Hunt & Elliott, 2005)
Did Humankind Prevent a Holocene Glaciation? (Claussen et al., 2005)
The Early Anthropogenic Hypothesis a Year Later (Ruddiman, 2005)
Climate Variability and Change: Past, Present and Future – An Overview (Salinger, 2005)
Impacts of Present and Future Climate Variability and Change on Agriculture and Forestry in the Arid and Semi-Arid Tropics (Sivakumar et al., 2005)
Impacts of Present and Future Climate Variability On Agriculture and Forestry in the Humid and Sub-Humid Tropics (Zhao et al., 2005)
Impacts of Present and Future Climate Variability on Agriculture and Forestry in the Temperate Regions: Europe (Maracchi et al., 2005)
Impacts of Present and Future Climate Change and Climate Variability on Agriculture in the Temperate Regions: North America (Motha & Baier, 2005)
Assessing the Consequences of Climate Change for Food and forest Resources: A View from the IPCC (Easterling & Apps, 2005)
Achieving Adequate Adaptation in Agriculture (Burton & Lim, 2005)
The Development of Seasonal and Inter-Annual Climate Forecasting (Harrison, 2005)
Seasonal and Inter-Annual Climate Forecasting: The New Tool for Increasing Preparedness to Climate Variability and Change In Agricultural Planning And Operations (Meinke & Stone, 2005)
Using Traditional Methods and Indigenous Technologies for Coping With Climate Variability (Stigter et al., 2005)
Tomorrow’s Forests: Adapting to A Changing Climate (Maciver & Wheaton, 2005)
Management Strategies to Sequester Carbon in Agricultural Soils and to Mitigate Greenhouse Gas Emissions (Desjardins et al., 2005)
Climate, Communications, And Innovative Technologies: Potential Impacts and Sustainability of New Radio and Internet Linkages in Rural African Communities (Boulahya et al., 2005)
Role of Education and Training in Agricultural Meteorology to Reduce Vulnerability to Climate Variability (Walker et al., 2005)
Agrometeorological Research and Applications Needed to Prepare Agriculture and Forestry to 21st Century Climate Change (Perarnaud et al., 2005)
Reducing Vulnerability of Agriculture and Forestry to Climate Variability and Change: Workshop Summary and Recommendations (Salinger et al., 2005)
Historical Climatology In Europe – The State Of The Art (Brázdil et al., 2005)
The Colosseum Floras As Bio-Indicators Of The Climatic Changes In Rome (Caneva et al., 2005)
Oxygen Isotope Composition Of Human Teeth And The Record Of Climate Changes In France (Lorraine) During The Last 1700 Years (Daux et al., 2005)
Reconstructed Temperature And Precipitation On A Millennial Timescale From Tree-Rings In The Southern Colorado Plateau, U.S.A. (Salzer & Kipfmueller, 2005)
Market Exchange Rates Or Purchasing Power Parity: Does The Choice Make A Difference To The Climate Debate? (Manne et al., 2005)
A Regional, Multi-Sectoral And Integrated Assessment Of The Impacts Of Climate And Socio-Economic Change In The Uk, PART I. METHODOLOGY (Holman et al., 2005)
A Regional, Multi-Sectoral And Integrated Assessment Of The Impacts Of Climate And Socio-Economic Change In The Uk, PART II. RESULTS (Holman et al., 2005)
Valueloading And Uncertainty In A Sector-based Differentiation Scheme For Emission Allowances (Groenenberg & Van Der Sluijs, 2005)
The Agricultural Value Of Information On The North Atlantic Oscillation: Yield And Economic Effects (Kim & McCarl, 2005)
Calculating Historical Contributions To Climate Change – Discussing The ‘Brazilian Proposal’ (Höhne & Blok, 2005)
Regional Energy Demand Responses To Climate Change: Methodology And Application To The Commonwealth Of Massachusetts (Amato et al., 2005)
Geoengineering Downwelling Ocean Currents: A Cost Assessment (Zhou & Flynn, 2005)
Are Chemical And Climatic Drivers Synergistic? (Breymeyer, 2005)
The Role Of Halocarbons In The Climate Change Of The Troposphere And Stratosphere (Forster & Joshi, 2005)
Differentiating Future Commitments on the Basis of Countries’ Relative Historical Responsibility for Climate Change: Uncertainties in the ‘Brazilian Proposal’ in the Context of a Policy Implementation (Den Elzen et al., 2005)
The End-to-End Attribution Problem: From Emissions to Impacts (Stone & Allan, 2005)
Changes in the Number and Timing of Days of Ice-Affected Flow on Northern New England Rivers, 1930–2000 (Hodgkins et al., 2005)
Water Quality Co-Effects of Greenhouse Gas Mitigation in U.S. Agriculture (Pattanayak et al., 2005)
Cost and Co2-Emission Reduction of Biomass Cascading: Methodological Aspects and Case Study of SRF Poplar (Dornburg & Faaij, 2005)
Future Area Burned in Canada (Flannigan et al., 2005)
Detection Time for Plausible Changes in Annual Precipitation, Evapotranspiration, and Streamflow in Three Mississippi River Sub-Basins (Ziegler et al., 2005)
Changes in Vascular Plant Biodiversity in the Netherlands in the 20th Century Explained by their Climatic and other Environmental Characteristics (Tamis et al., 2005)
Modeling Vulnerability and Resilience to Climate Change: A Case Study of India and Indian States (Brenkert & Malone, 2005)
On the Climate Impact of the Local Circulation in the Itaipu Lake Area (Stivari et al., 2005)
Detection of Variations in Air Temperature at Different Time Scales During the Period 1889–1998 at Firenze, Italy (Kumar et al., 2005)
Trends in Precipitation Variability: Prague (The Czech Republic) (Bodri et al., 2005)
Fluctuations of the Semi-Arid Zone in China, and Consequences for Society (Yang et al., 2005)
Climate Variability and Land-use Change in Danangou Watershed, China—Examples of Small-Scale Farmers’ Adaptation (Hageback et al., 2005)
Spatial Analysis of Environmental Change Impacts on Wheat Production in Mid-Lower North, South Australia (Luo et al., 2005)
Changes in Climate and Crop Production During the 20th Century in Argentina (Magrin et al., 2005)
Evidence and Implications of Recent Climate Change in Northern Alaska and Other Arctic Regions (Hinzman et al., 2005)
Sensitivity Analysis of Snow Cover to Climate Change Scenarios and Their Impact on Plant Habitats in Alpine Terrain (Keller et al., 2005)
Carbon Sequestration in Arable Soils is Likely to Increase Nitrous Oxide Emissions, Offsetting Reductions in Climate Radiative Forcing (Li et al., 2005)
Standardized Precipitation Index Reconstructed from Turkish Tree-Ring Widths (Touchan et al., 2005)
Damaging Rainfall and Flooding: The Other Sahel Hazards (Tarhule, 2005)
CLIWOC: A Climatological Database for the World’s Oceans 1750–1854 (García-Herrera et al., 2005)
Description and General Background to Ships’ Logbooks as a Source of Climatic Data (García-Herrera et al., 2005)
Deriving Wind Force Terms from Nautical Reports Through Content Analysis. The Spanish and French Cases (Prieto et al., 2005)
The Determination of Logbook Wind Force and Weather Terms: The English Case (Wheeler & Wilkinson, 2005)
Determination of Wind Force and Present Weather Terms: The Dutch Case (Koek & Können, 2005)
An Examination of the Accuracy and Consistency of Ships’ Logbook Weather Observations and Records (Wheeler, 2005)
Description of the Cliwoc Database (Können & Koek, 2005)
Preliminary Reconstructions of the North Atlantic Oscillation and the Southern Oscillation Index from Measures of Wind Strength and Direction Taken During the Cliwoc Period (Jones & Salmon, 2005)
The Non-Climatic Research Potential of Ships’ Logbooks and Journals (Wilkinson, 2005)
Early Ship Observational Data and Icoads (Woodruff et al., 2005)
Article 2 of the UNFCCC: Historical Origins, Recent Interpretations (Oppenheimer & Petsonk, 2005)
Avoiding Dangerous Anthropogenic Interference with the Climate System (Keller et al., 2005)
Climate Change Prediction (Giorgi, 2005)
Future Sulfur Dioxide Emissions (Smith et al., 2005)
Climate Change and Global Wine Quality (Jones et al., 2005)
Future Effects of Ozone on Carbon Sequestration and Climate Change Policy Using a Global Biogeochemical Model (Felzer et al., 2005)
Climate Suitability for Stable Malaria Transmission in Zimbabwe Under Different Climate Change Scenarios (Ebi et al., 2005)
Inter-Annual Variability and Decadal Trends in Alpine Spring Phenology: A Multivariate Analysis Approach (Studer et al., 2005)
Climate Strategy with Co2 Capture from the Air (Keith et al., 2006)
Carbon Capture and Storage From Fossil Fuels and Biomass – Costs and Potential Role in Stabilizing the Atmosphere (Azar et al., 2006)
An Overview of Terrestrial Sequestration of Carbon Dioxide: the United States Department of Energy’s Fossil Energy R&D Program (Litynski et al., 2006)
Terrestrial biosphere carbon storage under alternative climate projections (Schaphoff et al., 2006)
The Role of Eucalyptus Globulus Forest and Products in Carbon Sequestration (Arroja et al., 2006)
Towards a Multi-Criteria Methodology for Assessment of Geological Carbon Storage Options (Gough & Shackley, 2006)
Carbon Storage of Forest Vegetation in China and its Relationship with Climatic Factors (Zhao & Zhou, 2006)
Temporal Assessment of Growing Stock, Biomass and Carbon Stock of Indian Forests (Manhas et al., 2006)
Stocks, Chemistry, and Sensitivity to Climate Change of Dead Organic Matter Along the Canadian Boreal Forest Transect Case Study (Preston et al., 2006)
Variations in Vegetation Net Primary Production in the Qinghai-Xizang Plateau, China, from 1982 to 1999 (Piao et al., 2006)
Carbon Accounting and Cost Estimation in Forestry Projects Using CO2Fix V.3 (Groen et al., 2006)
Health, Safety and Environmental Risks of Underground Co2 Storage – Overview of Mechanisms and Current Knowledge (Damen et al., 2006)
Greenhouse Gas Dynamics of an Increased Use of Wood in Buildings in Switzerland (Werner et al., 2006)
Enhanced Weathering: An Effective and Cheap Tool to Sequester Co2 (Schuiling & Krijgsman, 2006)
Overestimated Biomass Carbon Pools of the Northern mid- and High Latitude Forests (Fang et al., 2006)
Restoring Coastal Ecosystems and Abrupt Climate Change (Cronin & Walker, 2006)
Abatement of Greenhouse Gases: Does Location Matter? (Berntsen et al., 2006)
Hedonic Pricing of Climate Change Impacts to Households in Great Britain (Rehdanz, 2006)
The Enso-Fire Dynamic in Insular Southeast Asia (Fuller & Murphy, 2006)
Trends in Precipitation Concentration and Extremes in the Mediterranean Penedès-Anoia Region, Ne Spain (Ramos & Martínez-Casasnovas, 2006)
Assessing the Impact of Climate Change on Water Supply and Flood Hazard in Ireland Using Statistical Downscaling and Hydrological Modelling Techniques (Charlton et al., 2006)
Tree-Ring Reconstructed Maize Yield in Central Mexico: 1474–2001 (Therrell et al., 2006)
The Consistency of IPCC’s SRES Scenarios to 1990–2000 Trends and Recent Projections (Van Vuuren & O’Neill, 2006)
PPP Versus Mer: Searching for Answers in a Multi-Dimensional Debate (Van Vuuren & Alfsen, 2006)
Exchange Rates and Climate Change: An Application of Fund (Tol, 2006)
Scientific Errors in the Fearnside Comments on Greenhouse Gas Emissions (GHG) from Hydroelectric Dams and Response to His Political Claiming (Rosa et al., 2006)
Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Hydroelectric Dams: Reply tO Rosa Et al. (Fearnside, 2006)
How Much Warming are We Committed to and How Much can be Avoided? (Hare & Meinshausen, 2006)
Multi-gas Emissions Pathways to Meet Climate Targets (Meinshausen et al., 2006)
Elicitation of Expert Judgments of Aerosol Forcing (Morgan et al., 2006)
Domestic Environmental Benefits of China’s Energy-Related CDM Potential (Vennemo et al., 2006)
A Sustainability Framework for Enhancing the Long-Term Success of Lulucf Projects (Madlener et al., 2006)
Estimating the Impact of Global Change on Flood and Drought Risks in Europe: A Continental, Integrated Analysis (Lehner et al., 2006)
Climate Change Vulnerability Assessments: An Evolution of Conceptual Thinking (Füssel & Klein, 2006)
Learning with Local Help: Expanding the Dialogue on Climate Change and Water Management in the Okanagan Region, British Columbia, Canada (Cohen et al., 2006)
The Inclusion of Stakeholder Knowledge and Perspectives in Integrated Assessment of Climate Change (Kloprogge et al., 2006)
Decades of Drought, Years of Hunger: Archival Investigations of Multiple Year Droughts in Late Colonial Chihuahua (Endfield & Tejedo, 2006)
Indicators of Climate Warming in Minnesota: Lake ICE Covers and Snowmelt Runoff (Johnson & Stefan, 2006)
Twentieth Century Climate in the New York Hudson Highlands and the Potential Impacts on Eco-Hydrological Processes (Warrach et al., 2006)
An Ensemble Seasonal Forecast of Human Cases of St. Louis Encephalitis in Florida Based on Seasonal Hydrologic Forecasts (Shaman et al., 2006)
Migration as an Adaptation to Climate Change (McLeman & Smit, 2006)
A Social Discount Rate for Climate Damage to Future Generations Based on Regulatory Law (Davidson, 2006)
Seasonal Climate Forecasts – Potential Agricultural-Risk Management Tools? (Klopper et al., 2006)
Risk-Based Reanalysis of the Effects of Climate Change on U.S. Cold-water Habitat (Preston, 2006)
The Warming of Lake Tahoe (Coats et al., 2006)
A Component-Resampling Approach for Estimating Probability Distributions from Small Forecast Ensembles (Dettinger, 2006)
A Reassessment of Historical Atlantic Basin Tropical Cyclone Activity, 1700–1855 (Chenoweth, 2006)
The Arctic Amplification Debate (Serreze & Francis, 2006)
Semiquantitative Assessment of Regional Climate Vulnerability: The North-Rhine Westphalia Study (Kropp et al., 2006)
Climatic change on the Tibetan Plateau: Potential Evapotranspiration Trends from 1961–2000 (Shenbin et al., 2006)
Impact of Climate, Moisture Regime, and Nutrient Regime on the Productivity of Douglas-Fir in Coastal British Columbia, Canada (Nigh, 2006)
Trends in Drought Frequency – the Fate of DOC Export From British Peatlands (Worrall et al., 2006)
Climate Warming and Water Management Adaptation for California (Tanaka et al., 2006)
The Impact of Climate on Holiday Destination Choice (Bigano et al., 2006)
Climate Change and Floodplain Management in the United States (Olsen, 2006)
A reanalysis of the relationship between strong westerlies and precipitation in the Great Plains and Midwest regions of North America (Booth et al., 2006)
The Possible Climatic Impact in China of Iceland’s Eldgjá Eruption Inferred from Historical Sources (Fei & Zhou, 2006)
Climatic Change, Wars and Dynastic Cycles in China Over the Last Millennium (Zhang et al., 2006)
The Origins and Consequences of democratic citizens’ Policy Agendas: A Study of Popular Concern about Global Warming (Krosnick et al., 2006)
Climate Change Risk Perception and Policy Preferences: The Role of Affect, Imagery, and Values (Leiserowitz, 2006)
Public Views on Climate Change: European and USA Perspectives (Lorenzoni & Pidgeon, 2006)
An American Paradox (Jamieson, 2006)
Experience-Based and Description-Based Perceptions of Long-Term Risk: Why Global Warming does not Scare us (Yet) (Weber, 2006)
The Generational Divide in Support for Environmental Policies: European Evidence (Hersch & Viscusi, 2006)
Thinking About Global Warming (Baron, 2006)
The Perception and Valuation of the Risks of Climate Change: A Rational and Behavioral Blend (Viscusi & Zeckhauser, 2006)
Climate Change as a Predictable Surprise (Bazerman, 2006)
The Availability Heuristic, Intuitive Cost-Benefit Analysis, and Climate Change (Sunstein, 2006)
Emissions, Concentrations, & Temperature: A Time Series Analysis (Kaufmann et al., 2006)
The Relationship Between Radiative Forcing and Temperature: What Do Statistical Analyses of the Instrumental Temperature Record Measure? (Kaufmann et al., 2006)
The Cost of Using Global Warming Potentials: Analysing the Trade off Between CO2, CH4 and N2O (Johansson et al., 2006)
R&D Subsidies and Climate Policy: Is There a “Free Lunch”? (Popp, 2006)
Human Strategies for Coping with El Niño Related Drought in Amazônia (Moran et al., 2006)
Do Regional Disparities in Research on Climate and Water Influence Adaptive Capacity? (Kiparsky et al., 2006)
Fitting a Vital Linkage Piece into the Multidimensional Emissions-reduction Puzzle: Nongovernmental Pathways to Consumption Changes in the PRC and the USA (Koehn, 2006)
A Decade of Plant Species Changes on a Mire in the Italian Alps: Vegetation-Controlled or Climate-Driven Mechanisms? (Bragazza, 2006)
The Reconstruction of Paleovegetation and Paleoclimate in the Late Pliocene of West Yunnan, China (Kou et al., 2006)
Spring Phenophases in Recent Decades Over Eastern China and Its Possible Link to Climate Changes (Zheng et al., 2006)
Management Under Anarchy: The International Politics of Climate Change (Thompson, 2006)
Context Matters: What Shapes Adaptation to Water Stress in the Okanagan? (Shepherd et al., 2006)
Adaptive Governance and Climate Change in the Tropical Highlands of Western South America (Young & Lipton, 2006)
Institutional Adaptation of Water Resource Infrastructures to Climate Change in Eastern Ontario (Crabbé & Robin, 2006)
Learning to Adapt: Organisational Adaptation to Climate Change Impacts (Berkhout et al., 2006)
Optimal Technology R&D in the Face of Climate Uncertainty (Baker et al., 2006)
The Effect of Vegetation Productivity on Millet Prices in the Informal Markets of Mali, Burkina Faso and Niger (Brown et al., 2006)
The Role of Markets and Governments in Helping Society Adapt to a Changing Climate (Mendelsohn, 2006)
Adaptive Management of the Global Climate Problem: Bridging the Gap Between Climate Research and Climate Policy (Arvai et al., 2006)
Adapting to climate change: Public water supply in England and Wales (Arnell & Delaney, 2006)
Monte Carlo Assessment of Sampling Uncertainty of Climate Change Impacts on Water Resources Yield in Yorkshire, England (Nawaz & Adeloye, 2006)
Multi-Century Tree-Ring Reconstructions of Colorado Streamflow for Water Resource Planning (Woodhouse & Lukas, 2006)
Intra- to multi-decadal terrestrial precipitation regimes at the end of the 20th century (Mauget, 2006)
Synchronicity in Climate and Vegetation Transitions Between Europe and North America During the Holocene (Gajewski et al., 2006)
Combining Ring Width, Density and Stable Carbon Isotope Proxies to Enhance the Climate Signal in Tree-Rings: An Example from the Southern French Alps (Gagen et al., 2006)
Modelling Regional Climate Change Effects On Potential Natural Ecosystems in Sweden (Koca et al., 2006)
Inuit and Scientific Perspectives on the Relationship Between Sea Ice and Climate Change: The Ideal Complement? (Laidler, 2006)
Impact of Climate Change on Indian Agriculture: A Review (Mall et al., 2006)
North Florida Dairy Farmer Perceptions Toward the Use of Seasonal Climate Forecast Technology (Cabrera et al., 2006)
Corrections of Systematic Errors, Data Homogenisation and Climatic Analysis of the Padova Pressure Series (1725-1999) (Camuffo et al., 2006)
Climate variability, predictability and climate risks: a european perspective (Wanner et al., 2006)
Climate Variability-Observations, Reconstructions, and Model Simulations for the Atlantic-European and Alpine Region from 1500-2100 AD (Raible et al., 2006)
Challenges posed by and approaches to the study of seasonal-to-decadal climate variability (Schwierz et al., 2006)
Global Warming and the Summertime Evapotranspiration Regime of the Alpine Region (Calanca et al., 2006)
Climate Risks and Their Impact on Agriculture and Forests in Switzerland (Fuhrer et al., 2006)
The coupling of optimal economic growth and climate dynamics (Bahn et al., 2006)
Modeling endogenous learning and imperfect competition effects in climate change economics (Viguier et al., 2006)
Economics of climate policy and collective decision making (Bürgenmeier et al., 2006)
Predicting tourism flows under climate change (Bigano et al., 2006)
Uncertainties in predicting travel flows: common ground and research needs. A reply to Bigano et al. (Gössling & Hall, 2006)
Going to the Extremes (Tebaldi et al., 2006)
Arctic climate change with a 2 ∘C global warming: Timing, climate patterns and vegetation change (Kaplan & New, 2006)
A Demonstration of the Uncertainty in Projections of UK Climate Change Resulting from Regional Model Formulation (Rowell, 2006)
Potential Impacts of Climate Change on Agriculture: A Case of Study of Coffee Production in Veracruz, Mexico (Gay et al., 2006)
Increasing Aridity is Enhancing Silver Fir Abies Alba Mill.) Water Stress in its South-Western Distribution Limit (Macias et al., 2006)
Regionally optimized forest management under changing climate (Nuutinen et al., 2006)
Forest Carbon Dynamics in the Pacific Northwest (USA) and the St. Petersburg Region of Russia: Comparisons and Policy Implications (Alig et al., 2006)
Unusual Climate in Northwest Europe During the Period 1730 to 1745 Based on Instrumental and Documentary Data (Jones & Briffa, 2006)
Simulation of long-term future climate changes with the green McGill paleoclimate model: the next glacial inception (Cochelin et al., 2006)
The 1920S Drought Recorded by Tree Rings and Historical Documents in the Semi-Arid and Arid Areas of Northern China (Liang et al., 2006)
Mechanisms controlling soil carbon turnover and their potential application for enhancing carbon sequestration (Jastrow et al., 2007)
Considering the influence of sequestration duration and carbon saturation on estimates of soil carbon capacity (West & Six, 2007)
Emerging technologies for in situ measurement of soil carbon (Gehl & Rice, 2007)
Reducing standard errors by incorporating spatial autocorrelation into a measurement scheme for soil carbon credits (Mooney et al., 2007)
Long-term modeling of soil C erosion and sequestration at the small watershed scale (Izaurralde et al., 2007)
Transfers and environmental co-benefits of carbon sequestration in agricultural soils: retiring agricultural land in the Upper Mississippi River Basin (Feng et al., 2007)
Competitiveness of terrestrial greenhouse gas offsets: are they a bridge to the future? (McCarl & Sands, 2007)
Economic consequences of consideration of permanence, leakage and additionality for soil carbon sequestration projects (Murray et al., 2007)
Estimating the economic potential for agricultural soil carbon sequestration in the Central United States using an aggregate econometric-process simulation model (Antle et al., 2007)
Mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions from land use: creating incentives within greenhouse gas emissions trading systems (Reilly & Asadoorian, 2007)
Understanding public complacency about climate change: adults’ mental models of climate change violate conservation of matter (Sterman & Sweeney, 2007)
Land use and land cover tools for climate adaptation (Pyke & Andelman, 2007)
The Arctic as a trigger for glacial terminations (Martinson & Pitman, 2007)
Estimating the ecological footprint of the heat island effect over Athens, Greece (Santamouris et al., 2007)
Potential future changes in water limitations of the terrestrial biosphere (Gerten et al., 2007)
Climatic impacts of historical wetland drainage in Switzerland (Schneider & Eugster, 2007)
Satellite-derived estimates of potential carbon sequestration through afforestation of agricultural lands in the United States (Potter et al., 2007)
Using regional climate model data to simulate historical and future river flows in northwest England (Fowler & Kilsby, 2007)
Tree rings and climate for the last 680 years in Wulan area of northeastern Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau (Huang & Zhang, 2007)
Recent and Future Climate Change in Northwest China (Shi et al., 2007)
Assessing the impacts of climate change on rice yields in the main rice areas of China (Yao et al., 2007)
Climatic fluctuations in southern Italy since the 17th century: reconstruction with precipitation records at Benevento (Diodato, 2007)
Measuring Climate Impacts With Cross-Sectional Analysis (Mendelsohn, 2007)
A Ricardian analysis of US and Canadian farmland (Mendelsohn & Reinsborough, 2007)
Water Availability, Degree Days, and the Potential Impact of Climate Change on Irrigated Agriculture in California (Schlenker et al., 2007)
Application of the Ricardian Technique to Estimate the Impact of Climate Change on Smallholder Farming in Sri Lanka (Kurukulasuriya & Ajwad, 2007)
What Causes Crop Failure? (Mendelsohn, 2007)
Climate analysis with satellite versus weather station data (Mendelsohn et al., 2007)
What explains agricultural performance: climate normals or climate variance? (Mendelsohn et al., 2007)
Climate and Rural Income (Mendelsohn et al., 2007)
Climate variability and change in mountain environments: some implications for water resources and water quality in the Sierra Nevada (USA) (Costa-Cabral et al., 2007)
Projections and downscaling of 21st century temperatures, precipitation, radiative fluxes and winds for the Southwestern US, with focus on Lake Tahoe (Dettinger, 2007)
Modeling the transport of nutrients and sediment loads into Lake Tahoe under projected climatic changes (Riverson et al., 2007)
Projected 21st century trends in hydroclimatology of the Tahoe basin (Coats et al., 2007)
The response of Lake Tahoe to climate change (Sahoo et al., 2007)
Snowpack and runoff response to climate change in Owens Valley and Mono Lake watersheds (Costa-Cabral et al., 2007)
Effects of projected climate change on the hydrology in the Mono Lake Basin, California (Ficklin et al., 2007)
Connecting physical watershed characteristics to climate sensitivity for California mountain streams (Stewart, 2007)
Stream temperature sensitivity to climate warming in California’s Sierra Nevada: impacts to coldwater habitat (Null et al., 2007)
Stabilizing greenhouse gas concentrations at low levels: an assessment of reduction strategies and costs (van Vuuren et al., 2007)
Methodological and empirical flaws in the design and application of simple climate-economy models (Füssel, 2007)
Historical effects of temperature and precipitation on California crop yields (Lobell et al., 2007)
Climate change and critical thresholds in China’s food security (Xiong et al., 2007)
A normative ethical framework in climate change (Grasso, 2007)
Probabilistic Inference for Future Climate Using an Ensemble of Climate Model Evaluations (Rougier, 2007)
Imprecise probabilities of climate change: aggregation of fuzzy scenarios and model uncertainties (Hall et al., 2007)
Integrated assessment of changes in flooding probabilities due to climate change (Kleinen & Petschel-Held, 2007)
Dissecting Future Aerosol Emissions: warming Tendencies and Mitigation Opportunities (Streets, 2007)
Trends and climate evolution: Statistical approach for very high temperatures in France (Parey et al., 2007)
Bioenergy potentials from forestry in 2050 (Smeets & Faaij, 2007)
Uncertainty of forest carbon stock changes – implications to the total uncertainty of GHG inventory of Finland (Monni et al., 2007)
Implications of Country-Level Decisions on the Specification of Crown Cover in the Definition of Forests for Land Area Eligible for Afforestation and Reforestation Activities in the CDM (Verchot et al., 2007)
Changed thinning regimes may increase carbon stock under climate change: A case study from a Finnish boreal forest (Garcia-Gonzalo et al., 2007)
The Impact of the North Atlantic Oscillation on the development of ice on Lake Windermere (George, 2007)
Circa a.d. 626 volcanic eruption, climatic cooling, and the collapse of the Eastern Turkic Empire (Fei et al., 2007)
Dangerous anthropogenic interference, dangerous climatic change, and harmful climatic change: non-trivial distinctions with significant policy implications (Harvey, 2007)
Why delaying emission reductions is a gamble (Kallbekken & Rive, 2007)
Using climate analogues for assessing climate change economic impacts in urban areas (Hallegatte et al., 2007)
Climate change, ambient ozone, and health in 50 US cities (Bell et al., 2007)
The influence of human activity in the Arctic on climate and climate impacts (Huntington et al., 2007)
Context and climate change: an integrated assessment for Barrow, Alaska (Lynch & Brunner, 2007)
Snow cover variability across central Canada (1978–2002) derived from satellite passive microwave data (Wulder et al., 2007)
Self-Organised Criticality and the Response of Wildland Fires to Climate Change (Pueyo, 2007)
Seasonal and interannual variability of carbon dioxide and water balances of a grassland (Jacobs et al., 2007)
Analysis of drought determinants for the Colorado River Basin (Balling & Goodrich, 2007)
The impact of water resources development projects on water vapor pressure trends in a semi-arid region, Turkey (Tonkaz et al., 2007)
Effects Of Grazing On Soil Respiration Of Leymus Chinensis Steppe (Jia et al., 2007)
Expert judgements on the response of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation to climate change (Zickfeld et al., 2007)
A scenario based analysis of land competition between food and bioenergy production in the US (Johansson & Azar, 2007)
Communicating uncertainty in the IPCC’s greenhouse gas emissions scenarios (Schenk & Lensink, 2007)
Uncertainty in hydrologic impacts of climate change in the Sierra Nevada, California, under two emissions scenarios (Maurer, 2007)
The evolution of climate change impact studies on hydrology and water resources in California (Vicuna & Dracup, 2007)
Impact of climate change on low-flows in the river Meuse (de Wit et al., 2007)
To what extent can a long-term temperature target guide near-term climate change commitments? (Rive et al., 2007)
World trade as the adjustment mechanism of agriculture to climate change (Juliá & Duchin, 2007)
A maximum entropy method for combining AOGCMs for regional intra-year climate change assessment (Laurent & Cai, 2007)
Modeling responses of the meadow steppe dominated by Leymus chinensis to climate change (Wang et al., 2007)
Archival explorations of climate variability and social vulnerability in colonial Mexico (Endfield, 2007)
ENSO signals in South America: rains and floods in the Paraná River region during colonial times (Prieto, 2007)
Identification of Caribbean basin hurricanes from Spanish documentary sources (García-Herrera et al., 2007)
The winter of 1827–1828 over eastern North America: a season of extraordinary climatic anomalies, societal impacts, and false spring (Mock et al., 2007)
Winter-spring precipitation reconstructions from tree rings for northeast Mexico (Villanueva-Diaz et al., 2007)
Tree-ring reconstructed megadroughts over North America since a.d. 1300 (Stahle et al., 2007)
Frequency and duration of historical droughts from the 16th to the 19th centuries in the Mexican Maya lands, Yucatan Peninsula (Mendoza et al., 2007)
Deciphering recent climate change in central Mexican lake records (Metcalfe & Davies, 2007)
Anasazi (Pre-Columbian Native-American) Migrations During The Middle-12Th and Late-13th Centuries – Were they Drought Induced? (Benson et al., 2007)
Climate and cultural history of the Northeastern Yucatan Peninsula, Quintana Roo, Mexico (Hodell et al., 2007)
Tropical Pacific – mid-latitude teleconnections in medieval times (Graham et al., 2007)
Sustaining agricultural production and food security in Southern Africa: an improved role for climate prediction? (Archer et al., 2007)
Adaptation to climate change and variability: farmer responses to intra-seasonal precipitation trends in South Africa (Thomas et al., 2007)
Carbon sequestration and environmental effects of afforestation with Pinus radiata D. Don in the Western Cape, South Africa (García-Quijano et al., 2007)
The climate of Namaqualand in the nineteenth century (Kelso & Vogel, 2007)
Assessing the vulnerability of food crop systems in Africa to climate change (Challinor et al., 2007)
Regional modelling of future African climate north of 15°S including greenhouse warming and land degradation (Paeth & Thamm, 2007)
Infinite uncertainty, forgotten feedbacks, and cost-benefit analysis of climate policy (Tol & Yohe, 2007)
Assessing mitigation-adaptation scenarios for reducing catastrophic climate risk (Settle et al., 2007)
Validation of climate model output using Bayesian statistical methods (Snyder et al., 2007)
An incentive mechanism for reducing emissions from conversion of intact and non-intact forests (Mollicone et al., 2007)
Travelling in antique lands: using past famines to develop an adaptability/resilience framework to identify food systems vulnerable to climate change (Fraser, 2007)
Three centuries of observation of stratospheric transparency (Stothers, 2007)
Climate or development: is ODA diverted from its original purpose? (Michaelowa & Michaelowa, 2007)
Portfolio screening to support the mainstreaming of adaptation to climate change into development assistance (Klein et al., 2007)
Adaptation of agriculture to warming in Northeast China (Yang et al., 2007)
The clean development mechanism’s contribution to sustainable development: a review of the literature (Olsen, 2007)
Does the current Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) deliver its sustainable development claim? An analysis of officially registered CDM projects (Sutter & Parreño, 2007)
CDM: Is it a ‘win–win’ strategy for rural poverty alleviation in India? (Sirohi, 2007)
CDM implementation in Brazil’s rural and isolated regions: the Amazonian case (da Cunha et al., 2007)
Catastrophic winter storms: An escalating problem (Changnon, 2007)
Systemic impacts of climate change on an eroding coastal region over the twenty-first century (Dickson et al., 2007)
Climatic regime shift and decadal anomalous events in China (Qian et al., 2007)
Terrestrial carbon pools in southeast and south-central United States (Han et al., 2007)
Spatially explicit modelling of the impact of climate changes on pasture production in the North Island,New Zealand (Zhang et al., 2007)
Climate, stream flow prediction and water management in northeast Brazil: societal trends and forecast value (Broad et al., 2007)
Scraping the bottom of the barrel: greenhouse gas emission consequences of a transition to low-quality and synthetic petroleum resources (Brandt & Farrell , 2007)
Discounting and relative prices (Hoel & Sterner, 2007)
Impacts from decommissioning of hydroelectric dams: a life cycle perspective (Pacca, 2007)
Climate stability and the development of agricultural societies (Feynman & Ruzmaikin, 2007)
Soil moisture: a residual problem underlying AGCMs (Cornwell & Harvey, 2007)
A comparison of explicit and implicit spatial downscaling of GCM output for soil erosion and crop production assessments (Zhang, 2007)
Refinement of dynamically downscaled precipitation and temperature scenarios (Engen-Skaugen, 2007)
The impact of climate change on the risk of forest and grassland fires in Australia (Pitman et al., 2007)
Analysis of farm performance in Europe under different climatic and management conditions to improve understanding of adaptive capacity (Reidsma et al., 2007)
Where are Germany’s gains from Kyoto? Estimating the effects of global warming on agriculture (Lang, 2007)
High resolution modeling of the regional impacts of climate change on irrigation water demand (Elgaali et al., 2007)
Probabilities in climate policy advice: a critical comment (Betz, 2007)
Subjective elements in climate policy advice (Risbey, 2007)
Expressions of likelihood and confidence in the IPCC uncertainty assessment process (Risbey & Kandlikar, 2007)
Robustness of the Mann, Bradley, Hughes reconstruction of Northern Hemisphere surface temperatures: Examination of criticisms based on the nature and processing of proxy climate evidence (Wahl & Ammann, 2007)
The importance of the geophysical context in statistical evaluations of climate reconstruction procedures (Ammann & Wahl, 2007)
Risk analysis of possible impacts of climate change on South Australian wheat production (Luo et al., 2007)
Impacts of absorbing aerosols on South Asian rainfall (Pathirana et al., 2007)
Is the response of hill slope debris flows to recent climate change univocal? A case study in the Massif des Ecrins (French Alps) (Jomelli et al., 2007)
Predicting the future carbon budget of an upland peat catchment (Worrall et al., 2007)
Long-term trends in maximum, minimum and mean annual air temperatures across the Northwestern Himalaya during the twentieth century (Bhutiyani et al., 2007)
Climate change impact on snow and soil temperature in boreal Scots pine stands (Mellander et al., 2007)
Sensitivity of carbon cycling in the European Alps to changes of climate and land cover (Zierl & Bugmann, 2007)
A stable oxygen, but not carbon, isotope chronology of Callitris columellaris reflects recent climate change in north-western Australia (Cullen & Grierson, 2007)
Sila dialogues on climate change: Inuit wisdom for a cross-cultural interdisciplinarity (Leduc, 2007)
The properties of organisms are not tunable parameters selected because they create maximum entropy production on the biosphere scale: A by-product framework in response to Kleidon (Volk, 2007)
Thermodynamics and environmental constraints make the biosphere predictable – a response to Volk (Kleidon, 2007)
How is climate change perceived in relation to other socioeconomic and environmental threats in Nairobi, Kenya? (Shisanya & Khayesi, 2007)
Sufferer and cause: Indian livestock and climate change (Sirohi & Michaelowa, 2007)
Some evidence of climate change in twentieth-century India (Dash et al., 2007)
Climate, water management, and policy in the San Pedro Basin: results of a survey of Mexican stakeholders near the U.S.–Mexico border (Browning-Aiken et al., 2007)
Changes of erosive rainfall for El Niño and La Niña years in the northern Andean highlands of Peru (Romero et al., 2007)
North Atlantic oscillation control of droughts in north-east Spain: evaluation since 1600 a.d. (Vicente-Serrano & Cuadrat, 2007)
On complex extremes: flood hazards and combined high spring-time precipitation and temperature in Norway (Benestad & Haugen, 2007)
Modelling geomorphic response to climatic change (Couture & Pollard, 2007)
Modelling China’s potential maize production at regional scale under climate change (Xiong et al., 2007)
Exceptional drought events over eastern China during the last five centuries (Shen et al., 2007)
Lost in translation? United States television news coverage of anthropogenic climate change, 1995–2004 (Boykoff, 2008)
Is the glacial refugium concept relevant for northern species? A comment on Pruett and Winker 2005 (Stewart & Dalén, 2008)
Evidence for cryptic northern refugia among high- and temperate-latitude species in Beringia (Pruett & Winker, 2008)
Output and abatement effects of allocation readjustment in permit trade (Sterner & Muller, 2008)
Post-Kyoto greenhouse gas inventories: production versus consumption (Peters & Hertwich, 2008)
Parallels in reactionary argumentation in the US congressional debates on the abolition of slavery and the Kyoto Protocol (Davidson, 2008)
Indices for extreme events in projections of anthropogenic climate change (Sillmann & Roeckner, 2008)
Interdependencies of urban climate change impacts and adaptation strategies: a case study of Metropolitan Boston USA (Kirshen et al., 2008)
Climate change and food stress in Russia: what if the market transforms as it did during the past century? (Dronin & Kirilenko, 2008)
Rainfall variability and kinetic energy in Southern Nigeria (Salako, 2008)
Future projections of winter rainfall in southeast Australia using a statistical downscaling technique (Timbal & Jones, 2008)
Deep groundwater mediates streamflow response to climate warming in the Oregon Cascades (Tague et al., 2008)
Some features of Trieste climate from an eighteenth century diary (1732–1749) (Raicich, 2008)
Tracing glacier wastage in the Northern Tien Shan (Kyrgyzstan/Central Asia) over the last 40 years (Niederer et al., 2008)
How adoption rates, timing, and ceilings affect the value of ENSO-based climate forecasts (Rubas et al., 2008)
‘Splendid rains have fallen’: links between El Niño and rainfall variability in the Kalahari, 1840–1900 (Nash & Endfield, 2008)
What determines farmers’ resilience towards ENSO-related drought? An empirical assessment in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia (Keil et al., 2008)
Changes in climate extremes, variability and signature on sub-Antarctic Marion Island (le Roux & McGeoch, 2008)
A 400-year tree-ring record of the Puelo River summer–fall streamflow in the Valdivian Rainforest eco-region, Chile (Lara et al., 2008)
A robust sequential CO2 emissions strategy based on optimal control of atmospheric CO2 concentrations (Jarvis et al., 2008)
Carbon storage in the grasslands of China based on field measurements of above- and below-ground biomass (Fan et al., 2008)
Scaling from stand to landscape scale of climate change mitigation by afforestation and forest management: a modeling approach (García-Quijano et al., 2008)
Assessing the impact of climate change on representative field crops in Israeli agriculture: a case study of wheat and cotton (Haim et al., 2008)
Changes in frost, snow and Baltic sea ice by the end of the twenty-first century based on climate model projections for Europe (Jylhä et al., 2008)
An assessment of potential change in wildfire activity in the Russian boreal forest zone induced by climate warming during the twenty-first century (Malevsky-Malevich et al., 2008)
BALANCE: an attempt to assess climate change impacts in the Barents Sea Region (Lange et al., 2008)
Assessing climate change impacts in the European north (Lange, 2008)
Influence of changed vegetations fields on regional climate simulations in the Barents Sea Region (Göttel et al., 2008)
Future changes in vegetation and ecosystem function of the Barents Region (Wolf et al., 2008)
Sensitivity of an ecosystem model to hydrology and temperature (Wolf et al., 2008)
Impact of non-outbreak insect damage on vegetation in northern Europe will be greater than expected during a changing climate (Wolf et al., 2008)
Losses of birch foliage due to insect herbivory along geographical gradients in Europe: a climate-driven pattern? (Kozlov, 2008)
Potential impact of climate change and reindeer density on tundra indicator species in the Barents Sea region (Zöckler et al., 2008)
River discharge and freshwater runoff to the Barents Sea under present and future climate conditions (Dankers & Middelkoop, 2008)
Impact of climatic change on the biological production in the Barents Sea (Ellingsen et al., 2008)
Capelin migrations and climate change – a modelling analysis (Huse & Ellingsen, 2008)
Vulnerability of European reindeer husbandry to global change (Rees et al., 2008)
Vulnerability and adaptive capacity in forestry in northern Europe: a Swedish case study (Keskitalo, 2008)
Effects of climate change and extreme events on forest communities in the European North (Lundmark et al., 2008)
An integrated study of economic effects of and vulnerabilities to global warming on the Barents Sea cod fisheries (Eide, 2008)
Assessing climate change vulnerability in the arctic using geographic information services in spatial data infrastructures (Bernard & Ostländer, 2008)
Potential impact of climate change on ecosystems of the Barents Sea Region (Roderfeld et al., 2008)
Overview of the California climate change scenarios project (Cayan et al., 2008)
Linking climate change science with policy in California (Franco et al., 2008)
Climate change scenarios for the California region (Cayan et al., 2008)
Identification of external influences on temperatures in California (Bonfils et al., 2008)
Climate change projections of sea level extremes along the California coast (Cayan et al., 2008)
Adaptability and adaptations of California’s water supply system to dry climate warming (Medellín-Azuara et al., 2008)
Progress on incorporating climate change into management of California’s water resources (Anderson et al., 2008)
Robust analysis of future climate change impacts on water for agriculture and other sectors: a case study in the Sacramento Valley (Purkey et al., 2008)
Climate change impacts on high elevation hydropower generation in California’s Sierra Nevada: a case study in the Upper American River (Vicuna et al., 2008)
Climate change and electricity demand in California (Franco & Sanstad, 2008)
Accumulated winter chill is decreasing in the fruit growing regions of California (Baldocchi & Wong, 2008)
Climate change effects on poikilotherm tritrophic interactions (Gutierrez et al., 2008)
Climate change impacts on forest growth and tree mortality: a data-driven modeling study in the mixed-conifer forest of the Sierra Nevada, California (Battles et al., 2008)
Response of vegetation distribution, ecosystem productivity, and fire to climate change scenarios for California (Lenihan et al., 2008)
Climate change and wildfire in California (Westerling & Bryant, 2008)
Predicting the effect of climate change on wildfire behavior and initial attack success (Fried et al., 2008)
Fire and sustainability: considerations for California’s altered future climate (Moritz & Stephens, 2008)
A preliminary assessment of the sensitivity of air quality in California to global change (Kleeman, 2008)
Climate change impact on California on-road mobile source emissions (Motallebi et al., 2008)
Managing climate risks in California: the need to engage resource managers for successful adaptation to change (Moser & Luers, 2008)
The probability of wind damage in forestry under a changed wind climate (Blennow & Olofsson, 2008)
The relationship between climate and outbreak characteristics of the spruce budworm in eastern Canada (Gray, 2008)
AgClimate: a case study in participatory decision support system development (Breuer et al., 2008)
Twentieth-century trends in the thermal growing season in the Greater Baltic Area (Linderholm et al., 2008)
Climate change and soil freezing dynamics: historical trends and projected changes (Henry, 2008)
Quantitative observations of a major coral bleaching event in Barbados, Southeastern Caribbean (Oxenford et al., 2008)
Impact of climate change on Pacific Northwest hydropower (Markoff & Cullen, 2008)
A new method to reconstruct low-frequency climatic variability from documentary sources: application to winter rainfall series in Andalusia (Southern Spain) from 1501 to 2000 (Rodrigo, 2008)
Wavelet analysis of a centennial (1895–1994) southern Brazil rainfall series (Pelotas, 31°46′19″S 52°20′ 33″W) (Souza Echer et al., 2008)
Daily temperature and pressure series for Salem, Massachusetts (1786–1829) (van der Schrier & Jones, 2008)
A high-quality monthly pan evaporation dataset for Australia (Jovanovic et al., 2008)
Using health models to prepare for and cope with climate change (Ebi, 2008)
Healthy people 2100: modeling population health impacts of climate change (Ebi, 2008)
Climate, development and malaria: an application of FUND (Tol, 2008)
A population health model for integrated assessment models (Pitcher et al., 2008)
Toward integrated assessment of environmental change: air pollution health effects in the USA (Matus et al., 2008)
Values for a post-Kyoto discourse (Rosales, 2008)
Climate change adaptation implications for drought risk mitigation: a perspective for India (Prabhakar & Shaw, 2008)
Climatic change and Chinese population growth dynamics over the last millennium (Lee et al., 2008)
Evaluating regional climate model estimates against site-specific observed data in the UK (Rivington et al., 2008)
Climate change, weather variability and corn yield at a higher latitude locale: Southwestern Quebec (Almaraz et al., 2008)
Water chemical changes along a latitudinal gradient in relation to climate and atmospheric deposition (Weyhenmeyer, 2008)
Sectoral approaches to improve regional carbon budgets (Smith et al., 2008)
Atmospheric stabilization and the timing of carbon mitigation (Mignone et al., 2008)
Carbon dioxide sequestration: how much and when? (Keller et al., 2008)
Uncertainty and learning: implications for the trade-off between short-lived and long-lived greenhouse gases (Johansson et al., 2008)
Probability distributions for carbon emissions and atmospheric response (Singer et al., 2008)
The role of carbon plantations in mitigating climate change: potentials and costs (Strengers et al., 2008)
Estimates of UK CO2 emissions from aviation using air traffic data (Pejovic et al., 2008)
Radiative forcing from surface NOx emissions: spatial and seasonal variations (Derwent et al., 2008)
Uncertainty, learning and ambiguity in economic models on climate policy: some classical results and new directions (Lange & Treich, 2008)
Learning about parameter and structural uncertainty in carbon cycle models (O’Neill & Melnikov, 2008)
Learning about the ocean carbon cycle from observational constraints and model simulations of multiple tracers (Cao & Jain, 2008)
Learning about climate change and implications for near-term policy (Webster et al., 2008)
Population, uncertainty, and learning in climate change decision analysis (O’Neill & Sanderson, 2008)
Learning and international environmental agreements (Kolstad & Ulph, 2008)
Learning about ozone depletion (Crutzen & Oppenheimer, 2008)
Negative learning (Oppenheimer et al., 2008)
Public policy, institutional investors and climate change: a UK case-study (Pfeifer & Sullivan, 2008)
Effect of climate change on watershed system: a regional analysis (Marshall & Randhir, 2008)
Falling Lake Victoria water levels: Is climate a contributing factor? (Awange et al., 2008)
On the (im-)possibilities of defining human climate thresholds (Meze-Hausken, 2008)
Time trend estimation with breaks in temperature time series (Gil-Alana, 2008)
Key findings from the Indian Ocean Climate Initiative and their impact on policy development in Australia (Bates et al., 2008)
Using portfolio theory to guide reforestation and restoration under climate change scenarios (Crowe & Parker, 2008)
Significance of model credibility in estimating climate projection distributions for regional hydroclimatological risk assessments (Brekke et al., 2008)
Participatory modeling in dairy farm systems: a method for building consensual environmental sustainability using seasonal climate forecasts (Cabrera et al., 2008)
Po River discharges: a preliminary analysis of a 200-year time series (Zanchettin et al., 2008)
The concepts and development of a participatory regional integrated assessment tool (Holman et al., 2008)
Regional impact assessment of flooding under future climate and socio-economic scenarios for East Anglia and North West England (Mokrech et al., 2008)
The impact of future socio-economic and climate changes on agricultural land use and the wider environment in East Anglia and North West England using a metamodel system (Audsley et al., 2008)
An interactive multi-scale integrated assessment of future regional water availability for agricultural irrigation in East Anglia and North West England (Henriques et al., 2008)
Impacts of socio-economic and climate change scenarios on wetlands: linking water resource and biodiversity meta-models (Harrison et al., 2008)
Regional assessment of climate change impacts on coastal and fluvial ecosystems and the scope for adaptation (Richards et al., 2008)
Preliminary evaluation of the benefits of a participatory regional integrated assessment software (Holman & Harman, 2008)
Improving the way we think about projecting future energy use and emissions of carbon dioxide (Morgan & Keith, 2008)
Assessing geochemical carbon management (Stephens & Keith, 2008)
Regional abatement action and costs under allocation schemes for emission allowances for achieving low CO2-equivalent concentrations (den Elzen et al., 2008)
Storage of carbon in U.S. forests predicted from satellite data, ecosystem modeling, and inventory summaries (Potter et al., 2008)
The millennial atmospheric lifetime of anthropogenic CO2 (Archer & Brovkin, 2008)
“A convenient truth”: air travel passengers’ willingness to pay to offset their CO2 emissions (Brouwer et al., 2008)
On geoengineering with sulphate aerosols in the tropical upper troposphere and lower stratosphere (Tuck et al., 2008)
Public concern over global warming correlates negatively with national wealth (Sandvik, 2008)
The effects of information and state of residence on climate change policy preferences (Shwom et al., 2008)
A global perspective on African climate (Giannini et al., 2008)
Māori environmental knowledge of local weather and climate change in Aotearoa – New Zealand (King et al., 2008)
Sensitivity of European glaciers to precipitation and temperature – two case studies (Steiner et al., 2008)
An approach to adaptation to climate changes in Poland (Sadowski, 2008)
Climate change and coastal flooding in Metro Boston: impacts and adaptation strategies (Kirshen et al., 2008)
The potential impacts of sea level rise on the coastal region of New Jersey, USA (Cooper et al., 2008)
Managing the risks of climate thresholds: uncertainties and information needs (Keller et al., 2008)
Detecting potential changes in the meridional overturning circulation at 26˚N in the Atlantic (Baehr et al., 2008)
Economically optimal risk reduction strategies in the face of uncertain climate thresholds (McInerney & Keller, 2008)
Impacts of thermohaline circulation shutdown in the twenty-first century (Vellinga & Wood, 2008)
West Antarctic Ice Sheet collapse – the fall and rise of a paradigm (Vaughan, 2008)
Managing the inconceivable: participatory assessments of impacts and responses to extreme climate change (Toth & Hizsnyik, 2008)
Neo-Atlantis: The Netherlands under a 5-m sea level rise (Olsthoorn et al., 2008)
Worst case scenario as stakeholder decision support: a 5- to 6-m sea level rise in the Rhone delta, France (Poumadère et al., 2008)
Plausible responses to the threat of rapid sea-level rise in the Thames Estuary (Lonsdale et al., 2008)
Global estimates of the impact of a collapse of the West Antarctic ice sheet: an application of FUND (Nicholls et al., 2008)
Decision making under catastrophic risk and learning: the case of the possible collapse of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet (Guillerminet & Tol, 2008)
The new global growth path: implications for climate change analysis and policy (Sheehan, 2008)
Contraction and convergence: an assessment of the CCOptions model (Bows & Anderson, 2008)
Reducing the risk of Atlantic thermohaline circulation collapse: sensitivity analysis of emissions corridors (Zickfeld & Bruckner, 2008)
Land cover change and soil organic carbon stocks in the Republic of Ireland 1851–2000 (Eaton et al., 2008)
Climate warming, water storage, and Chinook salmon in California’s Sacramento Valley (Yates et al., 2008)
Climate scenarios of sea level rise for the northeast Atlantic Ocean: a study including the effects of ocean dynamics and gravity changes induced by ice melt (Katsman et al., 2008)
Exploring the link between climate change and migration (Perch-Nielsen et al., 2008)
Recent and projected increases in atmospheric carbon dioxide and the potential impacts on growth and alkaloid production in wild poppy (Papaver setigerum DC.) (Ziska et al., 2008)
The impact of climate change on archaeological resources in Britain: a catchment scale assessment (Howard et al., 2008)
The Moravian missionaries at the Labrador coast and their centuries-long contribution to instrumental meteorological observations (Demarée & Ogilvie, 2008)
Uncertainty in resilience to climate change in India and Indian states (Malone & Brenkert, 2008)
Agreeing to disagree: uncertainty management in assessing climate change, impacts and responses by the IPCC (Swart et al., 2009)
Comparison of uncertainty sources for climate change impacts: flood frequency in England (Kay et al., 2009)
A statistical procedure to determine recent climate change of extreme daily meteorological data as applied at two locations in Northwestern North America (Caprio et al., 2009)
Predicted changes in fire weather suggest increases in lightning fire initiation and future area burned in the mixedwood boreal forest (Krawchuk et al., 2009)
A short update on Koeppen climate shifts in Europe between 1901 and 2003 (Gerstengarbe & Werner, 2009)
Precipitation drives interannual variation in summer soil respiration in a Mediterranean-climate, mixed-conifer forest (Concilio et al., 2009)
Estimating the economic impacts of climate change on infectious diseases: a case study on dengue fever in Taiwan (Tseng et al., 2009)
Snow avalanche regime and climatic conditions in the Chic-Choc Range, eastern Canada (Germain et al., 2009)
Reconstruction of paleovegetation and paleoclimate in the Early and Middle Eocene, Hainan Island, China (Yao et al., 2009)
Climate-related variations in crustal trace elements in Dome C (East Antarctica) ice during the past 672 kyr (Marteel et al., 2009)
A multiproxy reconstruction of spring temperatures in south-west Finland since 1750 (Holopainen et al., 2009)
Climate warming and activity period extension in the Mediterranean snake Malpolon monspessulanus (Moreno-Rueda et al., 2009)
Geoengineering climate by stratospheric sulfur injections: Earth system vulnerability to technological failure (Brovkin et al., 2009)
Implications of delayed actions in addressing carbon dioxide emission reduction in the context of geo-engineering (Boucher et al., 2009)
Quantifying the sensitivity of simulated climate change to model configuration (Lynn et al., 2009)
Associations between elevated atmospheric temperature and human mortality: a critical review of the literature (Gosling et al., 2009)
A history of ENSO events since A.D. 1525: implications for future climate change (Gergis & Fowler, 2009)
The 1877–1878 El Niño episode: associated impacts in South America (Aceituno et al., 2009)
21st century climate change in the Middle East (Evans, 2009)
From accessing to assessing forecasts: an end-to-end study of participatory climate forecast dissemination in Burkina Faso (West Africa) (Roncoli et al., 2009)
Changes in Antarctic sea-ice extent from direct historical observations and whaling records (de la Mare, 2009)
Impacts of recent climate change on wheat production systems in Western Australia (Ludwig et al., 2009)
Methane stocks in tropical hydropower reservoirs as a potential energy source (Ramos et al., 2009)
Misperceptions of global climate change: information policies (Moxnes & Saysel, 2009)
The likelihood of holding outdoor skating marathons in the Netherlands as a policy-relevant indicator of climate change (Visser & Petersen, 2009)
Environmental significance of RSL in ancient city wall: historical desertification of Ordos Plateau, Northern China (Huang et al., 2009)
National forest carbon inventories: policy needs and assessment capacity (Andersson et al., 2009)
Evaluation of climate change over the continental United States using a moisture index (Grundstein, 2009)
Climate change impacts on fish catch in the world fishing grounds (Biswas et al., 2009)
Modeling the eco-hydrologic response of a Mediterranean type ecosystem to the combined impacts of projected climate change and altered fire frequencies (Tague et al., 2009)
Quantitative evaluation of climatic variability and risks for wheat yield in India (Pathak & Wassmann, 2009)
Assessing uncertainties in climate change impact analyses on the river flow regimes in the UK. Part 1: baseline climate (Prudhomme & Davies, 2009)
Assessing uncertainties in climate change impact analyses on the river flow regimes in the UK. Part 2: future climate (Prudhomme & Davies, 2009)
Spatio-temporal variability of behavioral patterns in hydrology in meso-scale basins of the Rhineland Palatinate (1972–2002) (Hellebrand et al., 2009)
Climate trends of the North American prairie pothole region 1906–2000 (Millett et al., 2009)
Spatial structure of the evolution of surface temperature (1951–2004) (Miranda & Tomé, 2009)
Economics of geological CO2 storage and leakage (van der Zwaan & Gerlagh, 2009)
Zero is the only acceptable leakage rate for geologically stored CO2: an editorial comment (Ha-Duong & Loisel, 2009)
Potential impact of climate change on carbon in agricultural soils in Canada 2000–2099 (Smith et al., 2009)
Are there social limits to adaptation to climate change? (Adger et al., 2009)
Linking local vulnerability to system sustainability in a resilience framework: two cases from Latin America (Eakin & Wehbe, 2009)
The impact of sea level rise on developing countries: a comparative analysis (Dasgupta et al., 2009)
Interactive effects of elevated [CO2] and temperature on growth and development of a short- and long-season peanut cultivar (Bannayan et al., 2009)
Enteric fermentation and ruminant eructation: the role (and control?) of methane in the climate change debate (Thorpe, 2009)
Climate change, land use change, and China’s food security in the twenty-first century: an integrated perspective (Tao et al., 2009)
Using urban effect corrected temperature data and a tree phenology model to project geographical shift of cherry flowering date in South Korea (Chung et al., 2009)
The local impacts of climate change in the Ferlo, Western Sahel (Hein et al., 2009)
Three centuries of change in the Peace–Athabasca Delta, Canada (Timoney, 2009)
Recovery of surface albedo and plant cover after wildfire in a Picea mariana forest in interior Alaska (Tsuyuzaki et al., 2009)
Do weak AR4 models bias projections of future climate changes over Australia? (Perkins & Pitman, 2009)
Space-based assessment of glacier fluctuations in the Wakhan Pamir, Afghanistan (Haritashya et al., 2009)
Spatial and temporal changes in dry-snow line altitude on the Antarctic Peninsula (Arigony-Neto et al., 2009)
Future change in the frequency of warm and cold spells over Pakistan simulated by the PRECIS regional climate model (Islam et al., 2009)
Recent land cover changes on the Tibetan Plateau: a review (Cui & Graf, 2009)
Soil carbon and nitrogen dynamics in southern African savannas: the effect of vegetation-induced patch-scale heterogeneities and large scale rainfall gradients (Wang et al., 2009)
Modeling biodiversity loss by global warming on Pantepui, northern South America: projected upward migration and potential habitat loss (Nogué et al., 2009)
Effects of climate warming on the distributions of invasive Eurasian annual grasses: a South African perspective (Parker-Allie et al., 2009)
Winter climate change in alpine tundra: plant responses to changes in snow depth and snowmelt timing (Wipf et al., 2009)
Vulnerability and adaptability of wheat production in different climatic zones of Pakistan under climate change scenarios (Sultana et al., 2009)
Dynamic adaptation of maize and wheat production to climate change (Meza & Silva, 2009)
The feasibility of carbon incentives to private forest management in Korea (Han & Youn, 2009)
Renewable and low-carbon energies as mitigation options of climate change for China (Urban et al., 2009)
Assessing adaptive capacity to tropical cyclones in the East coast of India: a pilot study of public response to cyclone warning information (Sharma et al., 2009)
Climate variability and the Peruvian scallop fishery: the role of formal institutions in resilience building (Badjeck et al., 2009)
A mathematical analysis of the divergence problem in dendroclimatology (Loehle, 2009)
The IPCC on a heterogeneous Medieval Warm Period (Esper & Frank, 2009)
Global cooling: increasing world-wide urban albedos to offset CO2 (Akbari et al., 2009)
Trading biomass or GHG emission credits? (Laurijssen & Faaij, 2009)
Sustainable agriculture and the production of biomass for energy use (Muller, 2009)
Global and hemispheric temperatures revisited (Gay-Garcia et al., 2009)
How robust is the long-run relationship between temperature and radiative forcing? (Mills, 2009)
Travelling and hunting in a changing Arctic: assessing Inuit vulnerability to sea ice change in Igloolik, Nunavut (Laidler et al., 2009)
Palaeolimnological studies and ancient maps confirm secular climate fluctuations in Amazonia (Lara & Cohen, 2009)
Coupling climate change with hydrological dynamic in Qinling Mountains, China (He et al., 2009)
Summer maximum temperature in northern France over the past century: instrumental data versus multiple proxies (tree-ring isotopes, grape harvest dates and forest fires) (Etien et al., 2009)
Climate variability of cold surge and its impact on the air quality of Taiwan (Lin et al., 2009)
Temporal and spatial distributions of wind storm damages in the United States (Changnon, 2009)
Climate change in Turkey for the last half century (Tayanç et al., 2009)
Predicting future threats to the long-term survival of Gila trout using a high-resolution simulation of climate change (Kennedy et al., 2009)
What does decision support mean to the climate change research community? (Romsdahl & Pyke, 2009)
Making a difference on the ground: the challenge of demonstrating the effectiveness of decision support (Moser, 2009)
Adapting to climate change in The Netherlands: an inventory of climate adaptation options and ranking of alternatives (de Bruin et al., 2009)
AD-DICE: an implementation of adaptation in the DICE model (de Bruin et al., 2009)
Climate benefits of changing diet (Stehfest et al., 2009)
International governance of a possible geoengineering intervention to combat climate change (Virgoe, 2009)
Potential impacts of sea-level rise on the Mid- and Upper-Atlantic Region of the United States (Wu et al., 2009)
Climate simulations of major estuarine watersheds in the Mid-Atlantic region of the US (Najjar et al., 2009)
Global climate change and potential effects on Pacific salmonids in freshwater ecosystems of southeast Alaska (Bryant, 2009)
Effects of climate warming on Olive and olive fly (Bactrocera oleae (Gmelin)) in California and Italy (Gutierrez et al., 2009)
Cartographic design and the quality of climate change maps (McKendry & Machlis, 2009)
Reconstruction of historical pressure patterns over Japan using two-point pressure–temperature datasets since the nineteenth century (Zaiki et al., 2009)
Integrated analysis of risks of coastal flooding and cliff erosion under scenarios of long term change (Dawson et al., 2009)
Limitations of integrated assessment models of climate change (Ackerman et al., 2009)
A perspective on integrated assessment (Weyant, 2009)
Toward an integrated framework derived from a risk-management approach to climate change (Yohe, 2009)
Simulating the effects of climate changes on Eastern Eurasia forests (Zhang et al., 2009)
Carbon cycle amplification: how optimistic assumptions cause persistent underestimates of potential climate damages and mitigation needs (Higgins, 2009)
Non-energy use of fossil fuels and resulting carbon dioxide emissions: bottom–up estimates for the world as a whole and for major developing countries (Weiss et al., 2009)
Climatic constraints on maximum levels of human metabolic activity and their relation to human evolution and global change (Kleidon, 2009)
Thermodynamics and civilization: from ancient rivers to fossil fuel energy servants (Volk, 2009)
Was climate the prime releaser for encephalization? An editorial comment (Schwartzman et al., 2009)
Biological carbon sequestration and carbon trading re-visited (van Kooten, 2009)
Trading permanent and temporary carbon emissions credits (Marland & Marland, 2009)
Potential impacts of global climate change on the hydrology and ecology of ephemeral freshwater systems of the forests of the northeastern United States (Brooks, 2009)
Long term changes in ice and discharge regime of rivers in the Baltic region in relation to climatic variability (Klavins et al., 2009)
Evaluation of a WRF dynamical downscaling simulation over California (Caldwell et al., 2009)
Modified water regime and salinity as a consequence of climate change: prospects for wetlands of Southern Australia (Nielsen & Brock, 2009)
Characterisation of contemporary local climate change in the mountains of southwest Bulgaria (Grunewald et al., 2009)
A weather-resolving index for assessing the impact of climate change on tourism related climate resources (Yu et al., 2009)
The geopolitics of climate change: avoiding determinism, fostering sustainable development (Liverman, 2009)
Planning for climate change: the security community’s precautionary principle (Dabelko, 2009)
Climate change mitigation: trade-offs between delay and strength of action required (Vaughan et al., 2009)
Quantifying the value of historical climate knowledge and climate forecasts using agricultural systems modelling (Wang et al., 2009)
Climatic trends in Israel 1970–2002: warmer and increasing aridity inland (Kafle & Bruins, 2009)
Modelling the sensitivity of wheat growth and water balance to climate change in Southeast Australia (Wang et al., 2009)
Impact of climate-related disasters on human migration in Mexico: a spatial model (Saldaña-Zorrilla & Sandberg, 2009)
Extreme rainfalls in SE South America (Re & Barros, 2009)
Soil CO2 efflux, carbon dynamics, and change in thermal conditions from contrasting clear-cut sites during natural restoration and uncut larch forests in northeastern China (Zu et al., 2009)
Increasing major hail losses in the U.S. (Changnon, 2009)
A review of forestry mitigation and adaptation strategies in the Northeast U.S. (Evans & Perschel, 2009)
Site-aspect influence on climate sensitivity over time of a high-altitude Pinus cembra tree-ring network (Leonelli et al., 2009)
Ubiquity of the relative equilibrium line dynamic and amplified cyclicity in Earth sedimentary systems (Gaffin, 2009)
Climate change effects on winter chill for tree crops with chilling requirements on the Arabian Peninsula (Luedeling et al., 2009)
An analysis of global model projections over Italy, with particular attention to the Italian Greater Alpine Region (GAR) (Faggian & Giorgi, 2009)
The economics of climate change: a post-stern perspective (Heal, 2009)
Delayed action and uncertain stabilisation targets. How much will the delay cost? (Bosetti et al., 2009)
Cost–benefit analysis of climate change dynamics: uncertainties and the value of information (Rabl & van der Zwaan, 2009)
Optimal carbon dioxide abatement and technological change: should emission taxes start high in order to spur R&D? (Greaker & Pade, 2009)
Envisioning carbon capture and storage: expanded possibilities due to air capture, leakage insurance, and C-14 monitoring (Lackner & Brennan, 2009)
Carbon capture and storage: combining economic analysis with expert elicitations to inform climate policy (Baker et al., 2009)
Set-asides for carbon sequestration: implications for permanence and leakage (Sun & Sohngen, 2009)
Delayed carbon sequestration and rising carbon prices (Caparrós, 2009)
Evaluating Global Warming Potentials with historical temperature (Tanaka et al., 2009)
Possible solar forcing of 400-year wet–dry climate cycles in northwestern China (Wu et al., 2009)
An Integrated Assessment of changes in the thermohaline circulation (Kuhlbrodt et al., 2009)
On rising temperature trends of Karachi in Pakistan (Sajjad et al., 2009)
Potential impact of climate change on durum wheat cropping in Tunisia (Lhomme et al., 2009)
Carbon financial mechanisms for agriculture and rural development: challenges and opportunities along the Bali roadmap (Tubiello et al., 2009)
Climate change scenarios and long term projections (McKibbin et al., 2009)
Measuring income and projecting energy use (Pitcher, 2009)
Climate and the Commons—a reappraisal (Bunzl, 2009)
The effect of changing climate on the frequency of absolute extreme events (Wigley, 2009)
Extreme value analysis and the study of climate change (Cooley, 2009)
Uncertainties in climate stabilization (Wigley et al., 2009)
The importance of three centuries of land-use change for the global and regional terrestrial carbon cycle (Van Minnen et al., 2009)
Value of perfect ENSO phase predictions for agriculture: evaluating the impact of land tenure and decision objectives (Letson et al., 2009)
Impacts of future climatic change (2070–2099) on the potential occurrence of debris flows: a case study in the Massif des Ecrins (French Alps) (Jomelli et al., 2009)
A critical overview of pan evaporation trends over the last 50 years (Fu et al., 2009)
The effect of recent climatic trends on Urticaceae pollination in two bioclimatically different areas in the Iberian Peninsula: Malaga and Vigo (Recio et al., 2009)
A forced response to twentieth century climate conditions of two Spanish forests inferred from widths and stable isotopes of tree rings (Planells, 2009)
Assessment of climate change effects in Aegean river basins: the case of Gediz and Buyuk Menderes Basins (Ozkul, 2009)
On the extraordinary value of “committing to commit”—an opportunity not to be missed (Yohe, 2009)
International climate policy: a “second best” solution for a “second best” world? (Richels et al., 2009)
A Chinese commitment to commit: can it break the negotiation stall? (Bosetti et al., 2009)
Spatial and temporal variation in climate change: a bird’s eye view (Fontaine et al., 2009)
Estimating changes in mortality due to climate change (Nicholls, 2009)
The altitudinal dependence of recent rapid warming over the Tibetan Plateau (Qin et al., 2009)
Hurricane track variability and secular potential intensity trends (Kossin & Camargo, 2009)
A science–policy interface in the global south: the politics of carbon sinks and science in Brazil (Lahsen, 2009)
Science and carbon sinks in Brazil (Fearnside, 2009)
Natural climatic variability and the Norse settlements in Greenland (Hunt, 2009)
Irrigated afforestation of the Sahara and Australian Outback to end global warming (Ornstein et al., 2009)
Replacing coal with wood: sustainable, eco-neutral, conservation harvest of natural tree-fall in old-growth forests (Ornstein, 2009)
Reducing CO2 levels—so many ways, so few being taken (Read, 2009)
Biological carbon sequestration must and can be a win-win approach (Lehmann, 2009)
An updated assessment of the risks from climate change based on research published since the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report (Füssel, 2009)
The effects of urbanization, geographical and topographical conditions on reference evapotranspiration (Rim, 2009)
Dynamics of alpine grassland NPP and its response to climate change in Northern Tibet (Gao et al., 2009)
Potential climate change effects on warm-season livestock production in the Great Plains (Mader et al., 2009)
Are bird populations in tropical and subtropical forests of South America affected by climate change? (Nores, 2009)
Response of flower and boll development to climatic factors in Egyptian cotton (Gossypium barbadense) (Sawan, 2009)
A Ricardian analysis of the impact of climate change on agriculture in Germany (Lippert et al., 2009)
Going to extremes: propositions on the social response to severe climate change (Travis, 2010)
An assessment of global and regional climate change based on the EH5OM climate model ensemble (Branković et al., 2010)
Coupling biophysical and micro-economic models to assess the effect of mitigation measures on greenhouse gas emissions from agriculture (Durandeau et al., 2010)
Do we need to include soil evolution module in models for prediction of future climate change? (Montagne & Cornu, 2010)
Evaluation of global warming impacts for different levels of stabilization as a step toward determination of the long-term stabilization target (Hayashi et al., 2010)
Use of the Köppen–Trewartha climate classification to evaluate climatic refugia in statistically derived ecoregions for the People’s Republic of China (Baker et al., 2010)
A century of climate and ecosystem change in Western Montana: what do temperature trends portend? (Pederson et al., 2010)
Reconstructing snowmelt in Idaho’s watershed using historic streamflow records (Kunkel & Pierce, 2010)
The impact of spatial resolution on area burned and fire occurrence projections in Portugal under climate change (Carvalho et al., 2010)
Recent trends in temperature and precipitation over the Balearic Islands (Spain) (Homar et al., 2010)
Multi-criteria spatialization of soil organic carbon sequestration potential from agricultural intensification in Senegal (Bellassen et al., 2010)
Vulnerability and adaptation in a dryland community of the Elqui Valley, Chile (Young et al., 2010)
Changes in European temperature extremes can be predicted from changes in PDF central statistics (Ballester et al., 2010)
A blind spot in driving decisions: how neglecting costs puts us in overdrive (Feiler & Soll, 2010)
Sea level rise and tigers: predicted impacts to Bangladesh’s Sundarbans mangroves (Loucks et al., 2010)
Sources of information for farmers’ adaptation practices in Canada’s Prairie agro-ecosystem (Tarnoczi & Berkes, 2010)
A Europe–South America network for climate change assessment and impact studies (Boulanger et al., 2010)
CMIP3 projected changes in the annual cycle of the South American Monsoon (Seth et al., 2010)
Potential changes in extremes and links with the Southern Annular Mode as simulated by a multi-model ensemble (Menéndez & Carril, 2010)
Downscaling extreme month-long anomalies in southern South America (Menéndez et al., 2010)
CHAC: a weather pattern classification system for regional climate downscaling of daily precipitation (D’onofrio et al., 2010)
Soil-precipitation feedbacks during the South American Monsoon as simulated by a regional climate model (Sörensson et al., 2010)
Creating regional climate change scenarios over southern South America for the 2020’s and 2050’s using the pattern scaling technique: validity and limitations (Cabré et al., 2010)
A procedure for automated quality control and homogenization of historical daily temperature and precipitation data (APACH): part 1: quality control and application to the Argentine weather service stations (Boulanger et al., 2010)
An intercomparison of model-simulated in extreme rainfall and temperature events during the last half of the twentieth century. Part 1: mean values and variability (Rusticucci et al., 2010)
An intercomparison of observed and simulated extreme rainfall and temperature events during the last half of the twentieth century: part 2: historical trends (Marengo et al., 2010)
Spatial and temporal variability of the frequency of extreme daily rainfall regime in the La Plata Basin during the 20th century (Penalba & Robledo, 2010)
Assessment of climate information needs in the Argentinean Agro-business sector (Boulanger & Penalba, 2010)
Yield estimation and sowing date optimization based on seasonal climate information in the three CLARIS sites (d’Orgeval et al., 2010)
Toward an early warning system for dengue prevention: modeling climate impact on dengue transmission (Degallier et al., 2010)
Dividing climate change: global warming in the Indian mass media (Billett, 2010)
Objective probabilities about future climate are a matter of opinion (Gay & Estrada, 2010)
Regional patterns of U.S. household carbon emissions (Pizer et al., 2010)
Climate change and violent conflict in Europe over the last millennium (Tol & Wagner, 2010)
Response of the starting dates and the lengths of seasons in Mainland China to global warming (Dong et al., 2010)
Spatiotemporal change in China’s climatic growing season: 1955–2000 (Liu et al., 2010)
Impact of inter- and intra-annual variation in weather parameters on mass balance and equilibrium line altitude of Naradu Glacier (Himachal Pradesh), NW Himalaya, India (Koul & Ganjoo, 2010)
Long-term variability in Northern Hemisphere snow cover and associations with warmer winters (McCabe & Wolock, 2010)
Southern hemisphere atmospheric circulation: impacts on Antarctic climate and reconstructions from Antarctic ice core data (Russell & McGregor, 2010)
Impacts of climate change on the risk of snow-induced forest damage in Finland (Kilpeläinen et al., 2010)
Seasonal temperatures over Italy and their relationship with low-frequency atmospheric circulation patterns (Toreti et al., 2010)
Warming of an elevated layer over Africa (Jury & Whitehall, 2010)
Warming of an elevated layer over the Caribbean (Jury & Winter, 2010)
Potential climate change impacts on the probability of wind damage in a south Swedish forest (Blennow et al., 2010)
The optimal choice of residue management, crop rotations, and cost of carbon sequestration: empirical results in the Midwest US (Choi & Sohngen, 2010)
“Reasons for concern” (about climate change) in the United States (Yohe, 2010)
Can ocean iron fertilization mitigate ocean acidification? (Cao & Caldeira, 2010)
Postponing emission reductions from 2020 to 2030 increases climate risks and long-term costs (den Elzen et al., 2010)
Emission scenario dependencies in climate change assessments of the hydrological cycle (Shiogama et al., 2010)
Estimating sea-level extremes under conditions of uncertain sea-level rise (Hunter, 2010)
Climate model simulation of anthropogenic influence on greenhouse-induced climate change (early agriculture to modern): the role of ocean feedbacks (Kutzbach et al., 2010)
Adaptation in integrated assessment modeling: where do we stand? (Patt et al., 2010)
Anthropogenic-induced changes in twenty-first century summertime hydroclimatology of the Northeastern US (Anderson et al., 2010)
Impact of recent climate change on the hydrology of coastal Mediterranean rivers in Southern France (Lespinas et al., 2010)
Climate change and human activities: a case study in Xinjiang, China (Wu et al., 2010)
Vulnerability to epidemic malaria in the highlands of Lake Victoria basin: the role of climate change/variability, hydrology and socio-economic factors (Wandiga et al., 2010)
IPCC-AR4 climate simulations for the Southwestern US: the importance of future ENSO projections (Dominguez et al., 2010)
Applying probabilistic projections of climate change with impact models: a case study for sub-arctic palsa mires in Fennoscandia (Fronzek et al., 2010)
Witnessing the impact of the 1783–1784 Laki eruption in the Southern Hemisphere (Trigo et al., 2010)
Early Paleocene vegetation and climate in Jiayin, NE China (Hao et al., 2010)
Testing GISS-MM5 physics configurations for use in regional impacts studies (Lynn et al., 2010)
Assessment of community preference rankings of potential environmental effects of climate change using the method of paired comparisons (Williamson & Watson, 2010)
A low-level jet along the Benguela coast, an integral part of the Benguela current ecosystem (Nicholson, 2010)
Potential impact of vegetation feedback on European heat waves in a 2xCO2 climate (Jeong et al., 2010)
Sources of spread in simulations of Arctic sea ice loss over the twenty-first century (Boé et al., 2010)
The vulnerability of past societies to climatic variation: a new focus for historical climatology in the twenty-first century (Pfister, 2010)
Historical climatology, Climatic Change, and implications for climate science in the twenty-first century (Ogilvie, 2010)
The climate journey over three decades: from childhood to maturity, innocence to knowing, from anthropocentrism to ecocentrism… (Salinger, 2010)
Estimation of global temperature trends: what’s important and what isn’t (Jones & Wigley, 2010)
Statistics of extremes in climate change (Katz, 2010)
The drama of uncertainty (Mearns, 2010)
Bridging the gap: linking climate-impacts research with adaptation planning and management (Mastrandrea et al., 2010)
The state of climate change vulnerability, impacts, and adaptation research: strengthening knowledge base and community (Rosenzweig & Wilbanks, 2010)
Adapting to climate change: an evolving research programme (Arnell, 2010)
Climate change, agriculture, water resources: what do we tell those that need to know? (Rosenberg, 2010)
Analysis of climate change implications for agriculture and forestry: an interdisciplinary effort (McCarl, 2010)
Climate change, exponential curves, water resources, and unprecedented threats to humanity (Gleick, 2010)
From observer to extension agent—using research experiences to enable proactive response to climate change (Cohen, 2010)
The western Mediterranean climate: how will it respond to global warming? (Camuffo et al., 2010)
Interdisciplinary approaches: towards new statistical methods for phenological studies (Hudson, 2010)
A retrospective look at coupled ice sheet–climate modeling (Pollard, 2010)
The feasibility of low CO2 concentration targets and the role of bio-energy with carbon capture and storage (BECCS) (Azar et al., 2010)
From academic science to political hot potato: climatic change, risk and policy relevance (Pittock, 2010)
Climatic change: communication changes over this journal’s first ‘century’ (Henderson-Sellers, 2010)
Indigenous knowledge of a changing climate (Green & Raygorodetsky, 2010)
Indigenous climate knowledge in southern Uganda: the multiple components of a dynamic regional system (Orlove et al., 2010)
Linking Inuit knowledge and meteorological station observations to understand changing wind patterns at Clyde River, Nunavut (Gearheard et al., 2010)
Indigenous knowledge related to climate variability and change: insights from droughts in semi-arid areas of former Makueni District, Kenya (Speranza et al., 2010)
Ua ‘afa le Aso Stormy weather today: traditional ecological knowledge of weather and climate. The Samoa experience (Lefale, 2010)
Indigenous Australians’ knowledge of weather and climate (Green et al., 2010)
Reducing greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries: revisiting the assumptions (Corbera et al., 2010)
Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation: national implementation of REDD schemes (Streck, 2010)
Reassessing REDD: governance, markets and the hype cycle (Skutsch & McCall, 2010)
A state space view of the ice ages—a new look at familiar data (Etkin, 2010)
The value of paleoclimate research in our changing climate (Snyder, 2010)
Is the onset of the English summer advancing? (Kirbyshire & Bigg, 2010)
Hydrologic impacts of climate change on the Nile River Basin: implications of the 2007 IPCC scenarios (Beyene et al., 2010)
Climate change and the Water Framework Directive: cost effectiveness and policy design for water management in the Swedish Mälar region (Gren et al., 2010)
Hydroclimatological response to dynamically downscaled climate change simulations for Korean basins (Im et al., 2010)
Hydrologic effects of climate change in the Yukon River Basin (Hay & McCabe, 2010)
Wetland place names as indicators of manifestations of recent climate change in SW Spain (Doñana Natural Park) (Sousa et al., 2010)
Quantifying the effects of climate trends in the past 43 years (1961–2003) on crop growth and water demand in the North China Plain (Chen et al., 2010)
The vulnerability of beach tourism to climate change—an index approach (Perch-Nielsen et al., 2010)
Climate change impact on water and salt balances: an assessment of the impact of climate change on catchment salt and water balances in the Murray-Darling Basin, Australia (Austin et al., 2010)
The 2007 dry spell in Luzon (Philippines): its cause, impact and corresponding response measures (Yumul et al., 2010)
Relationship between climate change and vegetation distribution in the Mediterranean mountains: Manzanares Head valley, Sierra De Guadarrama (Central Spain) (García-Romero et al., 2010)
Trends in warm days and cold nights over the Iberian Peninsula: relationships to large-scale variables (Rodríguez-Puebla et al., 2010)
Implications of twenty-first century climate change on Northeastern United States maple syrup production: impacts and adaptations (Skinner et al., 2010)
Modeling to evaluate the response of savanna-derived cropland to warming–drying stress and nitrogen fertilizers (Tan et al., 2010)
Analysis of climatic trends in data from the agrometeorological station of Bologna-Cadriano, Italy (1952–2007) (Matzneller et al., 2010)
Persistent multi-decadal Greenland temperature fluctuation through the last millennium (Kobashi et al., 2010)
Perspectives of Northern Sea Route and Northwest Passage in the twenty-first century (Khon et al., 2010)
Counting only the hits? The risk of underestimating the costs of stringent climate policy (Tavoni & Tol, 2010)
Should carbon-exporting countries strive for consumption-based accounting in a global cap-and-trade regime? (Steckel et al., 2010)
Does the model regional bias affect the projected regional climate change? An analysis of global model projections (Giorgi & Coppola, 2010)
Impact of climate change and irrigation technology advancement on agricultural water use in China (Wu et al., 2010)
Intensified reduction in summertime light rainfall over mountains compared with plains in Eastern China (Yang & Gong, 2010)
European climate of the past 500 years: new challenges for historical climatology (Brázdil et al., 2010)
The early instrumental warm-bias: a solution for long central European temperature series 1760–2007 (Böhm et al., 2010)
Monthly, seasonal and annual temperature reconstructions for Central Europe derived from documentary evidence and instrumental records since AD 1500 (Dobrovolný et al., 2010)
Five centuries of Stockholm winter/spring temperatures reconstructed from documentary evidence and instrumental observations (Leijonhufvud et al., 2010)
European temperature records of the past five centuries based on documentary/instrumental information compared to climate simulations (Zorita et al., 2010)
500-year temperature reconstruction in the Mediterranean Basin by means of documentary data and instrumental observations (Camuffo et al., 2010)
Circulation dynamics and its influence on European and Mediterranean January–April climate over the past half millennium: results and insights from instrumental data, documentary evidence and coupled climate models (Luterbacher et al., 2010)
The variability of European floods since AD 1500 (Glaser et al., 2010)
Atmospheric circulation and storminess derived from Royal Navy logbooks: 1685 to 1750 (Wheeler et al., 2010)
The meteorological framework and the cultural memory of three severe winter-storms in early eighteenth-century Europe (Pfister et al., 2010)
Climate change: a profile of US climate scientists’ perspectives (Rosenberg et al., 2010)
Moving beyond scientific agreement (Anderegg, 2010)
Safe climate policy is affordable—12 reasons (van den Bergh, 2010)
Economic analysis and climate change policy (Cline, 2010)
Does temperature contain a stochastic trend? Evaluating conflicting statistical results (Kaufmann et al., 2010)
A reply to “Does temperature contain a stochastic trend? Evaluating conflicting statistical results” by R. K. Kaufmann et al (Estrada et al., 2010)
‘Skinning a cat’: alternative models of representing temperature trends (Mills, 2010)
Navigating the dilemmas of climate policy in Europe: evidence from policy evaluation studies (Haug et al., 2010)
Impact of future climatic changes on high ozone levels in European suburban areas (Zlatev, 2010)
Modelling European winter wind storm losses in current and future climate (Schwierz et al., 2010)
A spatio-temporal modelling framework for assessing the fluctuations of avalanche occurrence resulting from climate change: application to 60 years of data in the northern French Alps (Eckert et al., 2010)
Trends in CO2 emissions in Israel—an international perspective (Yanai et al., 2010)
Climatic change and dynastic cycles in Chinese history: a review essay (Fan, 2010)
Potential extents for ENSO-driven hydrologic drought forecasts in the United States (Ryu et al., 2010)
Crop yield response to economic, site and climatic variables (Cabas et al., 2010)
“A sky of brass and burning winds”: documentary evidence of rainfall variability in the Kingdom of Lesotho, Southern Africa, 1824–1900 (Nash & Grab, 2010)
The Ivory Lighthouse: communicating climate change more effectively (Anderegg, 2010)
Climate policies as a hedge against the uncertainty on future oil supply (Rozenberg et al., 2010)
Assessing regional impacts and adaptation strategies for climate change: the Washington Climate Change Impacts Assessment (Miles et al., 2010)
Future climate in the Pacific Northwest (Mote & Salathé, 2010)
Regional climate model projections for the State of Washington (Salathé et al., 2010)
Assessment of climate change impact on Eastern Washington agriculture (Stöckle et al., 2010)
Effects of projected climate change on energy supply and demand in the Pacific Northwest and Washington State (Hamlet et al., 2010)
Forest ecosystems, disturbance, and climatic change in Washington State, USA (Littell et al., 2010)
Public health impacts of climate change in Washington State: projected mortality risks due to heat events and air pollution (Jackson et al., 2010)
Climate change impacts on streamflow extremes and summertime stream temperature and their possible consequences for freshwater salmon habitat in Washington State (Mantua et al., 2010)
Implications of 21st century climate change for the hydrology of Washington State (Elsner et al., 2010)
Climate change impacts on water management in the Puget Sound region, Washington State, USA (Vano et al., 2010)
Climate change impacts on water management and irrigated agriculture in the Yakima River Basin, Washington, USA (Vano et al., 2010)
Precipitation extremes and the impacts of climate change on stormwater infrastructure in Washington State (Rosenberg et al., 2010)
Preparing for climate change in Washington State (Binder et al., 2010)
Refining rainfall projections for the Murray Darling Basin of south-east Australia—the effect of sampling model results based on performance (Smith & Chandler, 2010)
An assessment of climate change impacts and adaptation for the Torres Strait Islands, Australia (Green et al., 2010)
Climate change in the Tahoe basin: regional trends, impacts and drivers (Coats, 2010)
Snow days? Snowmaking adaptation and the future of low latitude, high elevation skiing in Arizona, USA (Bark et al., 2010)
An assessment of the current and future thermal regimes of three streams located in the Wenatchee River basin, Washington State: some implications for regional river basin systems (Cristea & Burges, 2010)
Estimated impacts of climate warming on California’s high-elevation hydropower (Madani & Lund, 2010)
Causes for the recent changes in cold- and heat-related mortality in England and Wales (Christidis et al., 2010)
Methodology for the estimation of the increase in time loss due to future increase in tropical cyclone intensity in Japan (Esteban et al., 2010)
Simulation of organic carbon dynamics at regional scale for paddy soils in China (Shi et al., 2010)
Spline models of contemporary, 2030, 2060 and 2090 climates for Mexico and their use in understanding climate-change impacts on the vegetation (Sáenz-Romero et al., 2010)
Influence of olive mill waste application on the role of soil as a carbon source or sink (Carbonell-Bojollo et al., 2010)
Improved stove programs need robust methods to estimate carbon offsets (Johnson et al., 2010)
Changes of time mean state and variability of hydrology in response to a doubling and quadrupling of CO2 (Wetherald, 2010)
Variation in the climatic response to SRES emissions scenarios in integrated assessment models (Warren et al., 2010)
Is adjustment of breeding phenology keeping pace with the need for change? Linking observed response in woodland birds to changes in temperature and selection pressure (Goodenough et al., 2010)
High-resolution streamflow trend analysis applicable to annual decision calendars: a western United States case study (Kim & Jain, 2010)
Benefits of dealing with uncertainty in greenhouse gas inventories: introduction (Jonas et al., 2010)
Statistical dependence in input data of national greenhouse gas inventories: effects on the overall inventory uncertainty (Winiwarter & Muik, 2010)
Uncertainty analysis for estimation of landfill emissions and data sensitivity for the input variation (Szemesova & Gera, 2010)
Toward Bayesian uncertainty quantification for forestry models used in the United Kingdom Greenhouse Gas Inventory for land use, land use change, and forestry (van Oijen & Thomson, 2010)
Atmospheric inversions for estimating CO2 fluxes: methods and perspectives (Ciais et al., 2010)
European CO2 fluxes from atmospheric inversions using regional and global transport models (Rivier et al., 2010)
Remotely sensed soil moisture integration in an ecosystem carbon flux model. The spatial implication (Verstraeten et al., 2010)
Can the uncertainty of full carbon accounting of forest ecosystems be made acceptable to policymakers? (Shvidenko et al., 2010)
Terrestrial full carbon account for Russia: revised uncertainty estimates and their role in a bottom-up/top-down accounting exercise (Gusti & Jonas, 2010)
Comparison of preparatory signal analysis techniques for consideration in the (post-)Kyoto policy process (Jonas et al., 2010)
Verification of compliance with GHG emission targets: annex B countries (Bun et al., 2010)
Spatial GHG inventory at the regional level: accounting for uncertainty (Bun et al., 2010)
Quantitative quality assessment of the greenhouse gas inventory for agriculture in Europe (Leip, 2010)
A statistical model for spatial inventory data: a case study of N2O emissions in municipalities of southern Norway (Horabik & Nahorski, 2010)
Carbon emission trading and carbon taxes under uncertainties (Ermolieva et al., 2010)
CO2 emission trading model with trading prices (Stańczak & Bartoszczuk, 2010)
Compliance and emission trading rules for asymmetric emission uncertainty estimates (Nahorski & Horabik, 2010)
The impact of uncertain emission trading markets on interactive resource planning processes and international emission trading experiments (Pickl et al., 2010)
Effects of climatic change on stream water quality in Spain (Benítez-Gilabert et al., 2010)
Climate change and stream water quality in the multi-factor context (Kundzewicz & Krysanova, 2010)
Future climate resources for tourism in Europe based on the daily Tourism Climatic Index (Perch-Nielsen et al., 2010)
Climate change impacts on forest fire potential in boreal conditions in Finland (Kilpeläinen et al., 2010)
Uncertainty and risk in climate projections for the 21st century: comparing mitigation to non-intervention scenarios (Tomassini et al., 2010)
Cost containment in climate policy and incentives for technology development (Nemet, 2010)
A conceptual framework for multi-regional climate change assessments for international market systems with long-term investments (Winkler et al., 2010)
Floods in the Sahel: an analysis of anomalies, memory, and anticipatory learning (Tschakert et al., 2010)
Level of environmental awareness towards depletion of the ozone layer among distributors and consumers in the solvent sector: a case study from Oman (Abdul-Wahab, 2010)
Assessment of vegetation dynamics and their response to variations in precipitation and temperature in the Tibetan Plateau (Zhong et al., 2010)
Using climate information for supporting climate change adaptation in water resource management in South Africa (Ziervogel et al., 2010)
West African monsoon: is the August break “breaking” in the eastern humid zone of Southern Nigeria? (Chineke et al., 2010)
Amplifiers, filters and geomorphic responses to climate change in Kentucky rivers (Phillips, 2010)
Urbanization, climate change and flood policy in the United States (Ntelekos et al., 2010)
The impact of Greenland melt on local sea levels: a partially coupled analysis of dynamic and static equilibrium effects in idealized water-hosing experiments (Kopp et al., 2010)
Does black carbon abatement hamper CO2 abatement? (Berntsen et al., 2010)
What do near-term observations tell us about long-term developments in greenhouse gas emissions? (van Vuuren et al., 2010)
Understanding climate change impacts, vulnerability and adaptation at city scale: an introduction (Hallegatte & Corfee-Morlot, 2011)
Climate change impacts and adaptation in cities: a review of the literature (Hunt & Watkiss, 2011)
The economics of climate change impacts and policy benefits at city scale: a conceptual framework (Hallegatte et al., 2011)
A global ranking of port cities with high exposure to climate extremes (Hanson et al., 2011)
Assessing climate change impacts, sea level rise and storm surge risk in port cities: a case study on Copenhagen (Hallegatte et al., 2011)
An assessment of the potential impact of climate change on flood risk in Mumbai (Ranger et al., 2011)
Multilevel risk governance and urban adaptation policy (Corfee-Morlot et al., 2011)
Is the UK preparing for “war”? Military metaphors, personal carbon allowances, and consumption rationing in historical perspective (Cohen, 2011)
Metaphors of warfare and the lessons of history: time to revisit a carbon tax? (Oreskes, 2011)
Education, politics and opinions about climate change evidence for interaction effects (Hamilton, 2011)
Political orientation moderates Americans’ beliefs and concern about climate change (McCright, 2011)
How well do integrated assessment models simulate climate change? (van Vuuren et al., 2011)
Estimation of the economic impact of temperature changes induced by a shutdown of the thermohaline circulation: an application of FUND (Link & Tol, 2011)
The contribution of moisture to heat stress in a period of global warming: the case of the Mediterranean (Ziv & Saaroni, 2011)
Streamflow trends and climate linkages in the Zagros Mountains, Iran (Masih et al., 2011)
Long-term changes in heat and moisture related to corn production on the Canadian Prairies (Nadler & Bullock, 2011)
Interval-fuzzy stochastic optimization for regional energy systems planning and greenhouse-gas emission management under uncertainty—a case study for the Province of Ontario, Canada (Lin & Huang, 2011)
Can crop albedo be increased through the modification of leaf trichomes, and could this cool regional climate? (Doughty et al., 2011)
Climate change, theory of planned behavior and values: a structural equation model with mediation analysis (Tikir & Lehmann, 2011)
Enhanced spring convective barrier for monsoons in a warmer world? (Seth et al., 2011)
Systematic under- and overestimation of GHG reductions in renewable biomass systems (Whitman & Lehmann, 2011)
On the generation and interpretation of probabilistic estimates of climate sensitivity (Annan & Hargreaves, 2011)
Are there basic physical constraints on future anthropogenic emissions of carbon dioxide? (Garrett, 2011)
Psychohistory revisited: fundamental issues in forecasting climate futures (Cullenward et al., 2011)
Is accurate forecasting of economic systems possible? (Scher & Koomey, 2011)
Students’ conceptions about the greenhouse effect, global warming, and climate change (Shepardson et al., 2011)
How much should the public know about climate science? (Somerville, 2011)
Scenarios with MIT integrated global systems model: significant global warming regardless of different approaches (Prinn et al., 2011)
Global carbon mechanisms: lessons and implications (Grubb et al., 2011)
Global warming and hurricanes: the potential impact of hurricane intensification and sea level rise on coastal flooding (Mousavi et al., 2011)
Climate change, water resources, and the politics of adaptation in the Middle East and North Africa (Sowers et al., 2011)
The potential impact of climate change on Great Lakes international shipping (Millerd, 2011)
Assessing spatial associations between perceptions of landscape value and climate change risk for use in climate change planning (Raymond & Brown, 2011)
Climate change impact assessment: the role of climate extremes in crop yield simulation (Moriondo et al., 2011)
Grapevine harvest dates in Besançon (France) between 1525 and 1847: Social outcomes or climatic evidence? (Garnier et al., 2011)
Sensitivity analysis of 18 different potential evapotranspiration models to observed climatic change at German climate stations (Bormann, 2011)
Including tropical croplands in a terrestrial biosphere model: application to West Africa (Berg et al., 2011)
Climate targets under uncertainty: challenges and remedies (Schmidt et al., 2011)
The relationship between short-term emissions and long-term concentration targets (van Vuuren & Riahi, 2011)
Global warming vs. climate change, taxes vs. prices: Does word choice matter? (Villar & Krosnick, 2011)
Invasive species and climate change: an agronomic perspective (Ziska et al., 2011)
Designing policies to mitigate the agricultural contribution to climate change: an assessment of soil based carbon sequestration and its ancillary effects (Glenk & Colombo, 2011)
Climatic trends and different drought adaptive capacity and vulnerability in a mixed Abies pinsapo–Pinus halepensis forest (Linares et al., 2011)
Historical and future anthropogenic emission pathways derived from coupled climate–carbon cycle simulations (Roeckner et al., 2011)
Consumption tradeoff vs. catastrophes avoidance: implications of some recent results in happiness studies on the economics of climate change (Ng et al., 2011)
Energy and CO2 analysis of wood substitution in construction (Gustavsson & Sathre, 2011)
Identification of linear relationships from noisy data using errors-in-variables models—relevance for reconstruction of past climate from tree-ring and other proxy information (Kutzbach et al., 2011)
Glacier recession and human vulnerability in the Yanamarey watershed of the Cordillera Blanca, Peru (Bury et al., 2011)
Malnutrition and conflict in East Africa: the impacts of resource variability on human security (Rowhani et al., 2011)
Assessing the site-specific impacts of climate change on hydrology, soil erosion and crop yields in the Loess Plateau of China (Li et al., 2011)
A 400-year reconstruction of July relative air humidity for the Vienna region (eastern Austria) based on carbon and oxygen stable isotope ratios in tree-ring latewood cellulose of oaks (Quercus petraea Matt. Liebl.) (Haupt et al., 2011)
Rainfall characteristics for periglacial debris flows in the Swiss Alps: past incidences–potential future evolutions (Stoffel et al., 2011)
The impact of weather variability on British outbound flows (Rosselló-Nadal et al., 2011)
Modelling climate change effects on the spatial distribution of mountain permafrost at three sites in northwest Canada (Bonnaventure & Lewkowicz, 2011)
A process-based approach to estimate lodgepole pine (Pinus contorta Dougl.) distribution in the Pacific Northwest under climate change (Coops & Waring, 2011)
Past connections and present similarities in slave ownership and fossil fuel usage (Mouhot, 2011)
History and climate: a road map to humanistic scholarship on climate change (Howe, 2011)
Bright water: hydrosols, water conservation and climate change (Seitz, 2011)
Bubble, bubble, toil and trouble (Robock, 2011)
The role of uncertainties in the design of international water treaties: an historical perspective (Drieschova et al., 2011)
Impacts of climate change as a function of global mean temperature: maize productivity and water use in China (Tao & Chang, 2011)
Impact of climate change on irrigation water demand of dry season Boro rice in northwest Bangladesh (Shahid, 2011)
Regional and local climatic effects on the Dead-Sea evaporation (Shafir & Alpert, 2011)
Climate change impacts on the hydrology of a snowmelt driven basin in semiarid Chile (Vicuña et al., 2011)
Effects of climate change on the intensity and frequency of heavy snowfall events in the Pyrenees (López-Moreno et al., 2011)
Irrigation as adaptation strategy to climate change—a biophysical and economic appraisal for Swiss maize production (Finger et al., 2011)
Developing carbon budgets for UK agriculture, land-use, land-use change and forestry out to 2022 (Moran et al., 2011)
Simulating the hydrological response to predicted climate change on a watershed in southern Alberta, Canada (Forbes et al., 2011)
Changes in the activity and tracks of Arctic cyclones (Sepp & Jaagus, 2011)
GNSS remote sensing of the Australian tropopause (Khandu et al., 2011)
Short communication: another reason to care about physician health: its role in climate change (Frank, 2011)
Topographically modified tree-ring chronologies as a potential means to improve paleoclimate inference (Bunn et al., 2011)
Implications of recent sea level rise science for low-elevation areas in coastal cities of the conterminous U.S.A. (Weiss et al., 2011)
The present and future role of coastal wetland vegetation in protecting shorelines: answering recent challenges to the paradigm (Gedan et al., 2011)
Probabilistic life cycle analysis model for evaluating electric power infrastructure risk mitigation investments (Francis et al., 2011)
Policy solutions in the U.S. (Cheong, 2011)
On the economics of coastal adaptation solutions in an uncertain world (Yohe et al., 2011)
Developing coastal adaptation to climate change in the New York City infrastructure-shed: process, approach, tools, and strategies (Rosenzweig et al., 2011)
Temporal distribution of weather catastrophes in the USA (Changnon, 2011)
Increasing impacts of climate change upon ecosystems with increasing global mean temperature rise (Warren et al., 2011)
Sensitivity of discharge and flood frequency to twenty-first century and late Holocene changes in climate and land use (River Meuse, northwest Europe) (Ward et al., 2011)
Impact of recent climatic change on growth of low elevation eastern Mediterranean forest trees (Sarris et al., 2011)
Climate change vulnerability of sustainable forest management in the Eastern Alps (Seidl et al., 2011)
Local indications of climate changes in Turkey: Bursa as a case example (Vardar et al., 2011)
Sensitivity of southern African maize yields to the definition of sowing dekad in a changing climate (Crespo et al., 2011)
Greenhouse gas induced changes in the fire risk in Brazil in ECHAM5/MPI-OM coupled climate model (Justino et al., 2011)
Important factors governing the incompatible trends of annual pan evaporation: evidence from a small scale region (Ji & Zhou, 2011)
Feedback and sensitivity in an electrical circuit: an analog for climate models (Schwartz, 2011)
A systematic review of observed climate change adaptation in developed nations (Ford et al., 2011)
Climate change links fate of glaciers and an endemic alpine invertebrate (Muhlfeld et al., 2011)
Is risk itself a climate-related harm? (Lowry, 2011)
Contributions of individual countries’ emissions to climate change and their uncertainty (Höhne et al., 2011)
A relation between extreme daily precipitation and extreme short term precipitation (Romero et al., 2011)
Monsoon rainfall extreme indices and tendencies from 1954–2003 in Kerala, India (Pal & Al-Tabbaa, 2011)
Drought analysis in Jordan under current and future climates (Al-Qinna et al., 2011)
Adaptation in agriculture: lessons for resilience from eastern regions of New Zealand (Kenny, 2011)
Climate changes and its impact on tundra ecosystem in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China (Wang et al., 2011)
The hourly gale record from Valentia Observatory, SW Ireland 1874–2008 and some observations on extreme wave heights in the NE Atlantic (Hickey, 2011)
Decision support for climate change adaptation planning in the US: why it needs a coordinated internet-based practitioners’ network (Romsdahl, 2011)
Analysis of non-linear inundation from sea-level rise using LIDAR data: a case study for South Florida (Zhang, 2011)
Exposure of developing countries to sea-level rise and storm surges (Dasgupta et al., 2011)
Differences and sensitivities in potential hydrologic impact of climate change to regional-scale Athabasca and Fraser River basins of the leeward and windward sides of the Canadian Rocky Mountains respectively (Kerkhoven & Gan, 2011)
Study of terrestrial carbon flux by eddy covariance method in revegetated manganese mine spoil dump at Gumgaon, India (Nair et al., 2011)
Hydroclimate risk to economic growth in sub-Saharan Africa (Brown et al., 2011)
Climate change features along the Brahmaputra Valley in the past 26 years and possible causes (Song et al., 2011)
Severe climate-induced water shortage and extremes in Crete (Tsanis et al., 2011)
Methane and the greenhouse-gas footprint of natural gas from shale formations (Howarth et al., 2011)
Repurposing climate reconstructions for drought prediction in Southeast Asia (Bell et al., 2011)
A rose by any other name …?: What members of the general public prefer to call “climate change” (Akerlof & Maibach, 2011)
Between the devil and the deep blue sea: Florida’s unenviable position with respect to sea level rise (Noss, 2011)
Sea level history of the northern Gulf of Mexico coast and sea level rise scenarios for the near future (Donoghue, 2011)
Retrospective and prospective model simulations of sea level rise impacts on Gulf of Mexico coastal marshes and forests in Waccasassa Bay, Florida (Geselbracht et al., 2011)
Impacts of past climate and sea level change on Everglades wetlands: placing a century of anthropogenic change into a late-Holocene context (Willard & Bernhardt, 2011)
Sea level rise and South Florida coastal forests (Saha et al., 2011)
Storm surge projections and implications for water management in South Florida (Park et al., 2011)
Assessment of sea level rise impacts on human population and real property in the Florida Keys (Zhang et al., 2011)
Sinking ships: conservation options for endemic taxa threatened by sea level rise (Maschinski et al., 2011)
Hurricane effects on subtropical pine rocklands of the Florida Keys (Saha et al., 2011)
Structured decision making as a proactive approach to dealing with sea level rise in Florida (Martin et al., 2011)
Assessing municipal vulnerability to predicted sea level rise: City of Satellite Beach, Florida (Parkinson & McCue, 2011)
Environmental policy under model uncertainty: a robust optimal control approach (Funke & Paetz, 2011)
Some thoughts on the role of robust control theory in climate-related decision support (Lempert & McKay, 2011)
Long memory in temperature reconstructions (Rea et al., 2011)
On long range dependence in global surface temperature series (Mann, 2011)
Predicting the time of green up in temperate and boreal biomes (Kaduk & Los, 2011)
Photosynthetic performance of lichen transplants as early indicator of climatic stress along an altitudinal gradient in the arid Mediterranean area (Pirintsos et al., 2011)
Predictability of the spring rainfall in Northwestern Iberian Peninsula from sea surfaces temperature of ENSO areas (Lorenzo et al., 2011)
Reconstruction of annual winter rainfall since A.D.1579 in central-eastern Spain based on calcite laminated sediment from Lake La Cruz (Romero-Viana et al., 2011)
Indigenous perception of changes in climate variability and its relationship with agriculture in a Zoque community of Chiapas, Mexico (Sánchez-Cortés & Lazos Chavero, 2011)
Probabilistic evaluation of climate change impacts on paddy rice productivity in Japan (Iizumi et al., 2011)
Negishi welfare weights in integrated assessment models: the mathematics of global inequality (Stanton, 2011)
Ecological sensitivity: a biospheric view of climate change (Bergengren et al., 2011)
Modeling soil respiration and variations in source components using a multi-factor global climate change experiment (Chen et al., 2011)
Modeling soil thermal and hydrological dynamics and changes of growing season in Alaskan terrestrial ecosystems (Tang & Zhuang, 2011)
The reluctance of resource-users to adopt seasonal climate forecasts to enhance resilience to climate variability on the rangelands (Marshall et al., 2011)
Predicting the effects of climate change on reproductive fitness of an endangered montane lizard, Eulamprus leuraensis (Scincidae) (Dubey & Shine, 2011)
Exploring the orientations which characterise the likely public acceptance of low emission energy technologies (Carr-Cornish et al., 2011)
Economic instruments for mitigating carbon emissions: scaling up carbon finance in China’s buildings sector (Li & Colombier, 2011)
Extensive glaciers in northwest North America during Medieval time (Koch & Clague, 2011)
Observational and model evidence of global emergence of permanent, unprecedented heat in the 20th and 21st centuries (Diffenbaugh & Scherer, 2011)
Regional modeling of dry spells over the Iberian Peninsula for present climate and climate change conditions (Sánchez et al., 2011)
Can developed economies combat dangerous anthropogenic climate change without near-term reductions from developing economies? (Waldhoff & Fawcett, 2011)
Physical and economic bias in climate change research: a scientometric study of IPCC Third Assessment Report (Bjurström & Polk, 2011)
Interdisciplinarity: are we there yet? (Reisinger, 2011)
Why do people misunderstand climate change? Heuristics, mental models and ontological assumptions (Chen, 2011)
Uncertainty, rationality and cooperation in the context of climate change (Raihani & Aitken, 2011)
A normative account of dangerous climate change (Moellendorf, 2011)
Shoreline evolution under climate change wave scenarios (Zacharioudaki & Reeve, 2011)
Temperature stabilization, ocean heat uptake and radiative forcing overshoot profiles (Johansson, 2011)
Combining climate with other influential factors for modelling the impact of climate change on species distribution (Márquez et al., 2011)
Greenhouse gas taxes on animal food products: rationale, tax scheme and climate mitigation effects (Wirsenius et al., 2011)
Using panel data to estimate the effect of rainfall shocks on smallholders food security and vulnerability in rural Ethiopia (Demeke et al., 2011)
The maximum temperatures and heat waves in Serbia during the summer of 2007 (Unkašević & Tošić, 2011)
Assessing potential impacts of climatic change on subalpine forests on the eastern Tibetan Plateau (Xiaodan et al., 2011)
Phytomass carbon pool of trees and forests in India (Kaul et al., 2011)
Expected changes in agroclimatic conditions in Central Europe (Trnka et al., 2011)
Relationship between tourism demand in the Swiss Alps and hot summer air temperatures associated with climate change (Serquet & Rebetez, 2011)
An analysis of cropland carbon sequestration estimates for North Central Monana (Watts et al., 2011)
1,800 Years of abrupt climate change, severe fire, and accelerated erosion, Sierra Nevada, California, USA (Wathen, 2011)
The identification of distinct patterns in California temperature trends (Cordero et al., 2011)
No evidence for widespread bird declines in protected South American forests (Stouffer et al., 2011)
On the status of forest birds in tropical and subtropical South America (Nores, 2011)
An analysis of snow cover changes in the Himalayan region using MODIS snow products and in-situ temperature data (Maskey et al., 2011)
The effects of annual precipitation and mean air temperature on annual runoff in global forest regions (Cho et al., 2011)
Building resilience to climate change through development assistance: USAID’s climate adaptation program (Furlow et al., 2011)
Smallholders adaptation to climate change in Mali (Ebi et al., 2011)
Incorporating climate change into water resources planning for the town of Polokwane, South Africa (Cullis et al., 2011)
Coping with climate variability and climate change in La Ceiba, Honduras (Smith et al., 2011)
Simulating potential effects of climatic warming on altitudinal patterns of key species in Mediterranean-alpine ecosystems (Benito et al., 2011)
A high-quality monthly total cloud amount dataset for Australia (Jovanovic et al., 2011)
High impact, low probability? An empirical analysis of risk in the economics of climate change (Dietz, 2011)
Tropical cyclones, climate change, and scientific uncertainty: what do we know, what does it mean, and what should be done? (Grossmann & Morgan, 2011)
Near-term increase in frequency of seasonal temperature extremes prior to the 2°C global warming target (Anderson, 2011)
How the aggressiveness of rainfalls in the Mediterranean lands is enhanced by climate change (Diodato et al., 2011)
Coal to gas: the influence of methane leakage (Wigley, 2011)
Mesoscale moisture transport effects on forest edges in a fragmented landscape in Amazonia (Roy, 2011)
Economically consistent long-term scenarios for air pollutant emissions (Smith et al., 2011)
Evaluation, characterization, and communication of uncertainty by the intergovernmental panel on climate change—an introductory essay (Yohe & Oppenheimer, 2011)
Reducing doubt about uncertainty: Guidance for IPCC’s third assessment (Moss, 2011)
Treatment of uncertainties in IPCC Assessment Reports: past approaches and considerations for the Fifth Assessment Report (Mastrandrea & Mach, 2011)
The IPCC AR5 guidance note on consistent treatment of uncertainties: a common approach across the working groups (Mastrandrea et al., 2011)
Differentiating theory from evidence in determining confidence in an assessment finding (Ebi, 2011)
Applying the science of communication to the communication of science (Fischhoff, 2011)
Certainty, uncertainty, and climate change (Morgan & Mellon, 2011)
Reasoning about climate uncertainty (Curry, 2011)
The latest iteration of IPCC uncertainty guidance—an author perspective (Jones, 2011)
Improving conveyance of uncertainties in the findings of the IPCC (Jonassen & Pielke, 2011)
Sources of knowledge and ignorance in climate research (Risbey & O’Kane, 2011)
High-consequence outcomes and internal disagreements: tell us more, please (Socolow, 2011)
Climate uncertainties and their discontents: increasing the impact of assessments on public understanding of climate risks and choices (Ekwurzel et al., 2011)
Defense community perspectives on uncertainty and confidence judgments (King & Goodman, 2011)
Communicating climate change risks in a skeptical world (Sterman, 2011)
Regulating knowledge monopolies: the case of the IPCC (Tol, 2011)
The representative concentration pathways: an overview (van Vuuren et al., 2011)
RCP 8.5—A scenario of comparatively high greenhouse gas emissions (Riahi et al., 2011)
An emission pathway for stabilization at 6 Wm−2 radiative forcing (Masui et al., 2011)
RCP4.5: a pathway for stabilization of radiative forcing by 2100 (Thomson et al., 2011)
RCP2.6: exploring the possibility to keep global mean temperature increase below 2°C (van Vuuren et al., 2011)
Harmonization of land-use scenarios for the period 1500–2100: 600 years of global gridded annual land-use transitions, wood harvest, and resulting secondary lands (Hurtt et al., 2011)
Evolution of anthropogenic and biomass burning emissions of air pollutants at global and regional scales during the 1980–2010 period (Granier et al., 2011)
Global and regional evolution of short-lived radiatively-active gases and aerosols in the Representative Concentration Pathways (Lamarque et al., 2011)
The RCP greenhouse gas concentrations and their extensions from 1765 to 2300 (Meinshausen et al., 2011)
Projecting long-run socioeconomic and demographic trends in California under the SRES A2 and B1 scenarios (Sanstad et al., 2011)
Current and future impacts of extreme events in California (Mastrandrea et al., 2011)
Potential increase in floods in California’s Sierra Nevada under future climate projections (Das et al., 2011)
Simulating cold season snowpack: Impacts of snow albedo and multi-layer snow physics (Waliser et al., 2011)
Human-induced changes in wind, temperature and relative humidity during Santa Ana events (Hughes et al., 2011)
Adapting California’s water system to warm vs. dry climates (Connell-Buck et al., 2011)
Climate change impacts on two high-elevation hydropower systems in California (Vicuña et al., 2011)
The impact of price on residential demand for electricity and natural gas (Lavin et al., 2011)
Simulating the impacts of climate change, prices and population on California’s residential electricity consumption (Auffhammer & Aroonruengsawat, 2011)
Effects of climate change and wave direction on longshore sediment transport patterns in Southern California (Adams et al., 2011)
Potential impacts of increased coastal flooding in California due to sea-level rise (Heberger et al., 2011)
A methodology for predicting future coastal hazards due to sea-level rise on the California Coast (Revell et al., 2011)
Estimating the potential economic impacts of climate change on Southern California beaches (Pendleton et al., 2011)
Modifying agricultural water management to adapt to climate change in California’s central valley (Joyce et al., 2011)
California perennial crops in a changing climate (Lobell & Field, 2011)
Effect of climate change on field crop production in California’s Central Valley (Lee et al., 2011)
Climate extremes in California agriculture (Lobell et al., 2011)
Economic impacts of climate change on California agriculture (Deschenes & Kolstad, 2011)
Economic impacts of climate-related changes to California agriculture (Medellín-Azuara et al., 2011)
Case study on potential agricultural responses to climate change in a California landscape (Jackson et al., 2011)
The impact of climate change on California timberlands (Hannah et al., 2011)
Climate change and growth scenarios for California wildfire (Westerling et al., 2011)
The impact of climate change on California’s ecosystem services (Shaw et al., 2011)
The climate gap: environmental health and equity implications of climate change and mitigation policies in California—a review of the literature (Shonkoff et al., 2011)
Climate change-related impacts in the San Diego region by 2050 (Messner et al., 2011)
On the return period of the 2003 heat wave (Charpentier, 2011)
Changing return periods of weather-related impacts: the attribution challenge (Stott et al., 2011)
Fine-scale spatial temperature patterns across a UK conurbation (Smith et al., 2011)
The twentieth century contiguous US temperature changes indicated by daily data and higher statistical moments (Shen et al., 2011)
Rapid spread of the wasp spider Argiope bruennichi across Europe: a consequence of climate change? (Kumschick et al., 2011)
Impact of drought on wildland fires in Greece: implications of climatic change? (Dimitrakopoulos et al., 2011)
Climatic conditions and their impact on viticulture in the Upper Moselle region (Urhausen et al., 2011)
Modeling regional coral reef responses to global warming and changes in ocean chemistry: Caribbean case study (Buddemeier et al., 2011)
Canary in a coal mine: perceptions of climate change risks and response options among Canadian mine operations (Ford et al., 2011)
Household perceptions of climate change and preferences for mitigation action: the case of the Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme in Australia (Akter & Bennett, 2011)
Pan evaporation and wind run decline in the Cape Floristic Region of South Africa (1974–2005): implications for vegetation responses to climate change (Hoffman et al., 2011)
Variability of African farming systems from phenological analysis of NDVI time series (Vrieling et al., 2011)
Changing inland lakes responding to climate warming in Northeastern Tibetan Plateau (Huang et al., 2011)
Trend of climate variability in China during the past decades (Liu et al., 2011)
Response of hydrological cycle to recent climate changes in the Tibetan Plateau (Yang et al., 2011)
Potential for growing Arabica coffee in the extreme south of Brazil in a warmer world (Zullo et al., 2011)
Nonparametric testing of variability and trend in some climatic records (Halley & Kugiumtzis, 2011)
The role of low clouds in determining climate sensitivity in response to a doubling of CO2 as obtained from 16 mixed-layer models (Wetherald, 2011)
Temperature thresholds and crop production: a review (Luo, 2011)
Predicting the response of hard and soft rock coasts to changes in sea level and wave height (Trenhaile, 2011)
Exploring high-end scenarios for local sea level rise to develop flood protection strategies for a low-lying delta—the Netherlands as an example (Katsman et al., 2011)
Ungulate herbivory modifies the effects of climate change on mountain forests (Didion et al., 2011)
The Stanford Climate Change Behavior Survey (SCCBS): assessing greenhouse gas emissions-related behaviors in individuals and populations (Armel et al., 2011)
Modelling the potential impact of global warming on Ips typographus voltinism and reproductive diapause (Jönsson et al., 2011)
The economics (or lack thereof) of aerosol geoengineering (Goes et al., 2011)
A review of climate geoengineering proposals (Vaughan & Lenton, 2011)
Beyond the “fit”: introducing climate forecasts among organic farmers in Georgia (United States) (Furman et al., 2011)
Existing infrastructure and the 2°C target (Guivarch & Hallegatte, 2011)
Cooperative interaction of rich and poor can be catalyzed by intermediate climate targets (Milinski et al., 2011)
Correlation between climate sensitivity and aerosol forcing and its implication for the “climate trap” (Tanaka & Raddatz, 2011)
Uncertainty as a science policy problem (Meyer, 2012)
Response to “Uncertainty as a science policy problem” (Mearns, 2012)
Climate change impacts on international seaports: knowledge, perceptions, and planning efforts among port administrators (Becker et al., 2012)
‘Low carbon’ metals, markets and metaphors: the creation of economic expectations about climate change mitigation (Nerlich, 2012)
Importance of colonization and competition in forest landscape response to global climatic change (Xu et al., 2012)
Imprint of the 11-year solar cycle in reanalyzed and radiosonde datasets: a spatial frequency analysis approach (Pišoft et al., 2012)
Lost in the mix: will the technologies of carbon dioxide capture and storage provide us with a breathing space as we strive to make the transition from fossil fuels to renewables? (Shackley & Thompson, 2012)
Economics- and physical-based metrics for comparing greenhouse gases (Johansson, 2012)
Climate prediction for adaptation: Who needs what? (Millner, 2012)
Misperceptions of climate-change risk as barriers to climate-change adaptation: a case study from the Rewa Delta, Fiji (Lata & Nunn, 2012)
Rainfall and rainy days trend in Iran (Soltani et al., 2012)
Fire regime changes in the Western Mediterranean Basin: from fuel-limited to drought-driven fire regime (Pausas & Fernández-Muñoz, 2012)
Facilitating adaptation of biodiversity to climate change: a conceptual framework applied to the world’s largest Mediterranean-climate woodland (Prober et al., 2012)
Changes in exceptional hydrological and meteorological weekly event frequencies in Greece (Mavromatis, 2012)
U.S. National Forests adapt to climate change through Science–Management partnerships (Littell et al., 2012)
Will coastal wetlands continue to sequester carbon in response to an increase in global sea level?: a case study of the rapidly subsiding Mississippi river deltaic plain (DeLaune & White, 2012)
ENSO anomalies over the Western United States: present and future patterns in regional climate simulations (Zhang et al., 2012)
Assessing market and non-market costs of freshwater flooding due to climate change in the community of Fredericton, Eastern Canada (Lantz et al., 2012)
Droughts near the northern fringe of the East Asian summer monsoon in China during 1470–2003 (Qian et al., 2012)
Extreme climate events in China: IPCC-AR4 model evaluation and projection (Jiang et al., 2012)
Trends in temperature and rainfall extremes in the Yellow River source region, China (Hu et al., 2012)
Gender and occupational perspectives on adaptation to climate extremes in the Afram Plains of Ghana (Codjoe et al., 2012)
Tree-ring reconstruction of summer temperature for A.D. 1475–2003 in the central Hengduan Mountains, Northwestern Yunnan, China (Li et al., 2012)
Reconstructions of annual summer precipitation and temperature in north-central China since 1470 AD based on drought/flood index and tree-ring records (Yi et al., 2012)
The effect of learning on membership and welfare in an International Environmental Agreement (Karp, 2012)
Climate policy: hard problem, soft thinking (Wagner & Zeckhauser, 2012)
Beyond Copenhagen: a realistic climate policy in a fragmented world (Carraro & Massetti, 2012)
Climate change, sea level rise and rice: global market implications (Chen et al., 2012)
Estimating coastal recession due to sea level rise: beyond the Bruun rule (Ranasinghe et al., 2012)
The bias of integrated assessment models that ignore climate catastrophes (Kaufman, 2012)
Past and future plant diversity of a coastal wetland driven by soil subsidence and climate change (van Dobben & Slim, 2012)
Assessing the strength of regional changes in near-surface climate associated with a global warming of 2°C (May, 2012)
A simple model to account for regional inequalities in the effectiveness of solar radiation management (Moreno-Cruz et al., 2012)
Global changes in extreme events: regional and seasonal dimension (Orlowsky & Seneviratne, 2012)
Temperature oscillations may shorten male lifespan via natural selection in utero (Catalano et al., 2012)
Why is Indian Ocean warming consistently? (Rao et al., 2012)
Hydrological response to climate change in a glacierized catchment in the Himalayas (Immerzeel et al., 2012)
Climate change and crop yields in the Indian Cardamom Hills, 1978–2007 CE (Murugan et al., 2012)
N2O emissions of India: an assessment of temporal, regional and sector trends (Garg et al., 2012)
Change-points in climate extremes in the Zhujiang River Basin, South China, 1961–2007 (Fischer et al., 2012)
Cereal harvest dates in the Czech Republic between 1501 and 2008 as a proxy for March–June temperature reconstruction (Možný et al., 2012)
East African food security as influenced by future climate change and land use change at local to regional scales (Moore et al., 2012)
Potential climatic transitions with profound impact on Europe (Levermann et al., 2012)
Trends in water demand and water availability for power plants—scenario analyses for the German capital Berlin (Koch et al., 2012)
Trends in flood seasonality of the River Ouse (Northern England) from archive and instrumental sources since AD 1600 (Macdonald, 2012)
Climate modulation of fish populations: the role of the Western Mediterranean Oscillation (WeMO) in sardine (Sardina pilchardus) and anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus) production in the north-western Mediterranean (Martín et al., 2012)
Impact of climate change on corrosion and damage to concrete infrastructure in Australia (Wang et al., 2012)
The impact of extreme heat on morbidity in Milwaukee, Wisconsin (Li et al., 2012)
Hydrological effects of the increased CO2 and climate change in the Upper Mississippi River Basin using a modified SWAT (Wu et al., 2012)
The Arctic’s rapidly shrinking sea ice cover: a research synthesis (Stroeve et al., 2012)
The new national climate change documents of Mexico: what do the regional climate change scenarios represent? (Estrada et al., 2012)
The Tuvalu Syndrome (Millard-Ball, 2012)
A link between Arctic sea ice and recent cooling trends over Eurasia (Outten & Esau, 2012)
Preparing California for a changing climate (Bedsworth & Hanak, 2012)
Climate change in California: scenarios and approaches for adaptation (Mastrandrea & Luers, 2012)
Adapting California’s water management to climate change (Hanak & Lund, 2012)
California coastal management with a changing climate (Hanak & Moreno, 2012)
Adaptation of California’s electricity sector to climate change (Vine, 2012)
Air quality planning in California’s changing climate (Bedsworth, 2012)
California’s local health agencies and the state’s climate adaptation strategy (Bedsworth, 2012)
Conservation and management of ecological systems in a changing California (Barbour & Kueppers, 2012)
Adaptation, mitigation, and their disharmonious discontents: an essay (Moser, 2012)
A permafrost warming in a cooling Antarctica? (Guglielmin & Cannone, 2012)
Sensitivity of high-resolution Arctic regional climate model projections to different implementations of land surface processes (Matthes et al., 2012)
Vertical structure of recent arctic warming from observed data and reanalysis products (Alexeev et al., 2012)
Limitations of single-basket trading: lessons from the Montreal Protocol for climate policy (Daniel et al., 2012)
A multi-model ensemble of downscaled spatial climate change scenarios for the Dommel catchment, Western Europe (van Vliet et al., 2012)
The relative importance of land use and climatic change in Alpine catchments (Wolf et al., 2012)
The Little Ice Age history of the Glacier des Bossons (Mont Blanc massif, France): a new high-resolution glacier length curve based on historical documents (Nussbaumer & Zumbühl, 2012)
The earliest temperature observations in the world: the Medici Network (1654–1670) (Camuffo & Bertolin, 2012)
Past to future extreme events in Liverpool Bay: model projections from 1960–2100 (Brown et al., 2012)
Air temperature trend and the impact on winter wheat phenology in Romania (Croitoru et al., 2012)
Climate change, the monsoon, and rice yield in India (Auffhammer et al., 2012)
Impacts of future Indian greenhouse gas emission scenarios on projected climate change parameters deduced from MAGICC model (Sharma et al., 2012)
Climate change impacts on dryland cropping systems in the Central Great Plains, USA (Ko et al., 2012)
The case for climate engineering research: an analysis of the “arm the future” argument (Betz et al., 2012)
Increasing prevalence of extreme summer temperatures in the U.S. (Duffy & Tebaldi, 2012)
Human control of climate change (Dutt & Gonzalez, 2012)
Nitrous oxide emissions from gasohol, ethanol and CNG light duty vehicles (Borsari & de Assunção, 2012)
Priorities in policy and management when existing biodiversity stressors interact with climate-change (Driscoll et al., 2012)
Valuing the non-CO2 climate impacts of aviation (Azar & Johansson, 2012)
Scales of perception: public awareness of regional and neighborhood climates (Ruddell et al., 2012)
Influence of soil C, N2O and fuel use on GHG mitigation with no-till adoption (Antle & Ogle, 2012)
Biofuels and carbon management (DeCicco, 2012)
Modeling climate change and biophysical impacts of crop production in the Austrian Marchfeld Region (Strauss et al., 2012)
Recent Climate Change at the Upper Danube—A temporal and spatial analysis of temperature and precipitation time series (Reiter et al., 2012)
Completing the early instrumental weather record from Cádiz (Southern Spain): new data from 1799 to 1803 (Rodrigo, 2012)
Long-term changes in annual maximum snow depth and snowfall in Switzerland based on extreme value statistics (Marty & Blanchet, 2012)
Study on forest fire danger over Northern China during the recent 50 years (Niu & Zhai, 2012)
Assessment of CMIP3 climate models and projected changes of precipitation and temperature in the Yangtze River Basin, China (Tao et al., 2012)
Smallholder adaptation to climate change: dynamics and limits in Northern Ghana (Laube et al., 2012)
Wintertime climatic trends in the western Himalayas (Dimri & Dash, 2012)
Detecting rainfall trends in twentieth century (1871–2006) over Orissa State, India (Patra et al., 2012)
Climatic trends and impact of climate change on agriculture in an arid Andean valley (Fiebig-Wittmaack et al., 2012)
Examining barriers and opportunities for sustainable adaptation to climate change in Interior Alaska (McNeeley, 2012)
Direct and semi-direct radiative effects of anthropogenic aerosols in the Western United States: Seasonal and geographical variations according to regional climate characteristics (Kim et al., 2012)
Diagnostic analysis of future climate scenarios applied to urban flooding in the Chicago metropolitan area (Markus et al., 2012)
Understanding and partitioning future climates for Australian regions from CMIP3 using ocean warming indices (Watterson, 2012)
On the long-term context of the 1997–2009 ‘Big Dry’ in South-Eastern Australia: insights from a 206-year multi-proxy rainfall reconstruction (Gergis et al., 2012)
Joint variable spatial downscaling (Zhang & Georgakakos, 2012)
Is it possible to limit global warming to no more than 1.5°C? (Ranger et al., 2012)
Complex aspen forest carbon and root dynamics during drought (Anderegg, 2012)
The impacts of climate change in Europe (the PESETA research project) (Ciscar, 2012)
Methodological framework of the PESETA project on the impacts of climate change in Europe (Christensen et al., 2012)
A regional comparison of the effects of climate change on agricultural crops in Europe (Iglesias et al., 2012)
Fluvial flood risk in Europe in present and future climates (Feyen et al., 2012)
Economic impacts of climate change in Europe: sea-level rise (Bosello et al., 2012)
Costing the impact of climate change on tourism in Europe: results of the PESETA project (Amelung & Moreno, 2012)
Projection of economic impacts of climate change in sectors of Europe based on bottom up analysis: human health (Watkiss & Hunt, 2012)
The integration of PESETA sectoral economic impacts into the GEM-E3 Europe model: methodology and results (Ciscar et al., 2012)
From climate change impacts to the development of adaptation strategies: Challenges for agriculture in Europe (Iglesias et al., 2012)
The Australia clause and REDD: a cautionary tale (Macintosh, 2012)
Elevation gradients of European climate change in the regional climate model COSMO-CLM (Kotlarski et al., 2012)
The benefits of quantifying climate model uncertainty in climate change impacts assessment: an example with heat-related mortality change estimates (Gosling et al., 2012)
Personality type differences between Ph.D. climate researchers and the general public: implications for effective communication (Weiler et al., 2012)
Exploring the climate problems of Brazil’s Nordeste: a review (Hastenrath, 2012)
Improving China’s water resources management for better adaptation to climate change (Cheng & Hu, 2012)
Temporal variation in summer monsoon intensity since 1873 and its influence on runoff in the drainage area between Hekouzhen and Longmen, Yellow River basin, China (Xu, 2012)
Extreme events, trends, and variability in Northern Hemisphere lake-ice phenology (1855–2005) (Benson et al., 2012)
Intensification of seasonal extremes given a 2°C global warming target (Anderson, 2012)
Changing growing season observed in Canada (Qian et al., 2012)
Potential impact of climate change on the water availability of South Saskatchewan River Basin (Tanzeeba & Gan, 2012)
Mitigating methane emissions from livestock: a global analysis of sectoral policies (Key & Tallard, 2012)
Harvesting in boreal forests and the biofuel carbon debt (Holtsmark, 2012)
Recent Wyoming temperature trends, their drivers, and impacts in a 14,000-year context (Shuman, 2012)
Empirical-statistical downscaling and error correction of regional climate models and its impact on the climate change signal (Themeßl et al., 2012)
Do recipient country characteristics affect international spillovers of CO2-efficiency via trade and foreign direct investment? (Perkins & Neumayer, 2012)
Coral reef ecosystems protect shore from high-energy waves under climate change scenarios (Villanoy et al., 2012)
A typology of dairy farmer perceptions towards climate change (Barnes & Toma, 2012)
Projected temperature changes indicate significant increase in interannual variability of U.S. maize yields (Urban et al., 2012)
Temperature scaling pattern dependence on representative concentration pathway emission scenarios (Ishizaki et al., 2012)
What are robust strategies in the face of uncertain climate threshold responses? (McInerney et al., 2012)
Analysis of climate policy targets under uncertainty (Webster et al., 2012)
Climate warming and natural disaster management: An exploration of the issues (Etkin et al., 2012)
Historical and potential future contributions of power technologies to global warming (Lenzen & Schaeffer, 2012)
Are homeowners willing to adapt to and mitigate the effects of climate change? (Bichard & Kazmierczak, 2012)
Temperature changes the dynamics of trace element accumulation in Solanum tuberosum L. (Li et al., 2012)
Modeling the role of rainfall patterns in seasonal malaria transmission (Bomblies, 2012)
Towards sectoral and standardised vulnerability assessments: the example of heatwave impacts on human health (Lissner et al., 2012)
The role of closed ecological systems in carbon cycle modelling (Milcu et al., 2012)
Trends, stability and stress in the Colombian Central Andes (Ruiz et al., 2012)
An integrated socio-environmental framework for glacier hazard management and climate change adaptation: lessons from Lake 513, Cordillera Blanca, Peru (Carey et al., 2012)
Rainfall, spring discharge and past human occupancy in the Eastern Mediterranean (Peleg et al., 2012)
Lake ice phenology in Berlin-Brandenburg from 1947–2007: observations and model hindcasts (Bernhardt et al., 2012)
Projected changes in the physical climate of the Gulf Coast and Caribbean (Biasutti et al., 2012)
Changes in soil organic carbon stocks as affected by cropping systems and cropping duration in China’s paddy fields: a meta-analysis (Huang et al., 2012)
Effects of climate change on the thermal structure of lakes in the Asian Monsoon Area (Lee et al., 2012)
Will climate change exacerbate water stress in Central Asia? (Siegfried et al., 2012)
Sand dune mobility under climate change in the Kalahari and Australian deserts (Ashkenazy et al., 2012)
Interacting effects of vegetation, soils and management on the sensitivity of Australian savanna rangelands to climate change (Webb et al., 2012)
Safeguarding coastal coral communities on the central Great Barrier Reef (Australia) against climate change: realizable local and global actions (Wooldridge et al., 2012)
Possible impacts of climate change on extreme weather events at local scale in south–central Canada (Cheng et al., 2012)
Atmosphere-land surface interactions and their influence on extreme rainfall and potential abrupt climate change over southern Africa (Williams & Kniveton, 2012)
Impacts of climate change on August stream discharge in the Central-Rocky Mountains (Leppi et al., 2012)
Facilitating adaptation to global climate change: perspectives from experts and decision makers serving the Florida Keys (Flugman et al., 2012)
Identifying climatic analogs for Wisconsin under 21st-century climate-change scenarios (Veloz et al., 2012)
Snow water changes with elevation over the Western United States in IPCC AR4 models (Weare & Blossier, 2012)
The radiative forcing benefits of “cool roof” construction in California: quantifying the climate impacts of building albedo modification (VanCuren, 2012)
Climate change and agriculture in computable general equilibrium models: alternative modeling strategies and data needs (Palatnik & Roson, 2012)
‘Telling a different tale’: literary, historical and meteorological readings of a Norfolk heatwave (Hulme, 2012)
Hidden climate change – urban meteorology and the scales of real weather (Janković & Hebbert, 2012)
Examining the social consequences of extreme weather: the outcomes of the 1946/1947 winter in upland Wales, UK (Jones et al., 2012)
On climate change and cultural geography: farming on the Lizard Peninsula, Cornwall, UK (Geoghegan & Leyson, 2012)
Exploring the role of the amateur in the production and circulation of meteorological knowledge (Endfield & Morris, 2012)
Reflections on the cultural spaces of climate (Livingstone, 2012)
Climate change, adaptation and economic growth (Bowen et al., 2012)
Effects of climate change and elevated atmospheric CO2 on soil organic carbon: a response equation (Lin & Chang, 2012)
Failure to achieve stringent carbon reduction targets in a second-best policy world (Strachan & Usher, 2012)
The influence of negative emission technologies and technology policies on the optimal climate mitigation portfolio (Lemoine et al., 2012)
Solution to the paradox of climate sensitivity (Pueyo, 2012)
Effective communication of uncertainty in the IPCC reports (Budescu et al., 2012)
Authorship in IPCC AR5 and its implications for content: climate change and Indigenous populations in WGII (Ford et al., 2012)
A trend analysis of normalized insured damage from natural disasters (Barthel & Neumayer, 2012)
A simple technique for estimating an allowance for uncertain sea-level rise (Hunter, 2012)
The morphological response of large tidal inlet/basin systems to relative sea level rise (Dissanayake et al., 2012)
Seven misconceptions regarding the Gaia hypothesis (Moody, 2012)
Multi-year variability or unidirectional trends? Mapping long-term precipitation and temperature changes in continental Southeast Asia using PRECIS regional climate model (Lacombe et al., 2012)
Assessment of the changes in extreme vulnerability over East Asia due to global warming (Lee et al., 2012)
Vegetation and climate of the Lop Nur area, China, during the past 7 million years (Hao et al., 2012)
Energy-GDP decoupling in a second best world—a case study on India (Guivarch & Mathy, 2012)
Climate change: impacts on electricity markets in Western Europe (Golombek et al., 2012)
Future regional projections of extreme temperatures in Europe: a nonstationary seasonal approach (Frías et al., 2012)
Reconstructing medieval April-July mean temperatures in East Anglia, 1256–1431 (Pribyl et al., 2012)
Modelling probability of rainfall-induced shallow landslides in a changing climate, Otta, Central Norway (Melchiorre & Frattini, 2012)
Declining impacts of hot spells on mortality in the Czech Republic, 1986–2009: adaptation to climate change? (Kyselý & Plavcová, 2012)
A methodology for the risk assessment of climate variability and change under uncertainty. A case study: coffee production in Veracruz, Mexico (Estrada et al., 2012)
Urban-induced thunderstorm modification in the Southeast United States (Ashley et al., 2012)
Climate change effects on stream and river temperatures across the northwest U.S. from 1980–2009 and implications for salmonid fishes (Isaak et al., 2012)
A commentary on “The greenhouse-gas footprint of natural gas in shale formations” by R.W. Howarth, R. Santoro, and Anthony Ingraffea (Cathles et al., 2012)
Venting and leaking of methane from shale gas development: response to Cathles et al. (Howarth et al., 2012)
Copenhagen Accord Pledges imply higher costs for staying below 2°C warming (van Vliet et al., 2012)
Does global warming favour the occurrence of extreme floods in European Alps? First evidences from a NW Alps proglacial lake sediment record (Wilhelm et al., 2012)
Tropical cyclones in the Lesser Antilles: descriptive statistics and historical variability in cyclone energy, 1638–2009 (Chenoweth & Divine, 2012)
RegCM3 nested in HadAM3 scenarios A2 and B2: projected changes in extratropical cyclogenesis, temperature and precipitation over the South Atlantic Ocean (Krüger et al., 2012)
Long-term variability of occurrence of precipitation forms in winter in Kraków, Poland (Twardosz et al., 2012)
Projecting and hindcasting potential evaporation for the UK between 1950 and 2099 (Chun et al., 2012)
Potential effects of climatic change on the distribution of Tetraclinis articulata, an endemic tree from arid Mediterranean ecosystems (Esteve-Selma et al., 2012)
German car buyers’ willingness to pay to reduce CO2 emissions (Achtnicht, 2012)
Climate change and the incidence of a forest pest in Mediterranean ecosystems: can the North Atlantic Oscillation be used as a predictor? (Hódar et al., 2012)
Assessing wavestorm hazard evolution in the NW Mediterranean with hindcast and buoy data (Ortego et al., 2012)
No increase in multi-day temperature variability in Austria following climate warming (Hiebl & Hofstätter, 2012)
Impacts of extreme weather on wheat and maize in France: evaluating regional crop simulations against observed data (van der Velde et al., 2012)
Selective drought-induced decline of pine species in southeastern Spain (Sánchez-Salguero et al., 2012)
Detection and quantification of local anthropogenic and regional climatic transient signals in temperature logs from Czechia and Slovenia (Dědeček et al., 2012)
A method for incorporating climate variability in climate change impact assessments: Sensitivity of river flows in the Eden catchment to precipitation scenarios (Ledbetter et al., 2012)
Increased yield potential of wheat-maize cropping system in the North China Plain by climate change adaptation (Wang et al., 2012)
Holocene vegetation and climate history at Haligu on the Jade Dragon Snow Mountain, Yunnan, SW China (Song et al., 2012)
Quantitative risk assessment for future meteorological disasters (Tachiiri & Shinoda, 2012)
Changing trends of thermal extremes in Pakistan (Zahid & Rasul, 2012)
The benefits of climate change mitigation in integrated assessment models: the role of the carbon cycle and climate component (Hof et al., 2012)
Simplified method for scenario-based risk assessment adaptation planning in the coastal zone (Kirshen et al., 2012)
Assessing organizational resilience to climate and weather extremes: complexities and methodological pathways (Linnenluecke & Griffiths, 2012)
How much information is lost by using global-mean climate metrics? an example using the transport sector (Lund et al., 2012)
A method to study the impact of climate change on variability of river flow: an example from the Guadalupe River in Texas (Xu & Yang, 2012)
Modeling the impacts of climate change on nitrogen retention in a 4th order stream (Boyacioglu et al., 2012)
Climate change: a new metric to measure changes in the frequency of extreme temperatures using record data (Munasinghe et al., 2012)
Assessment of climate change impacts on the quantity and quality of a coastal catchment using a coupled groundwater–surface water model (Sonnenborg et al., 2012)
Economic costs of ocean acidification: a look into the impacts on global shellfish production (Narita et al., 2012)
Storm surge frequency reduction in Venice under climate change (Troccoli et al., 2012)
Comment on “Storm surge frequency reduction in Venice under climate change” by Troccoli et al. (Jordà et al., 2012)
Reply to comment on “Storm surge frequency reduction in Venice under climate change” by G. Jordà, D. Gomis & M. Marcos (Troccoli et al., 2012)
A public health frame arouses hopeful emotions about climate change (Myers et al., 2012)
The art of the science: climate forecasts for wildfire management in the southeastern United States (Roncoli et al., 2012)
The economics of decarbonizing the energy system—results and insights from the RECIPE model intercomparison (Luderer et al., 2012)
The value of technology and of its evolution towards a low carbon economy (Tavoni et al., 2012)
On the regional distribution of mitigation costs in a global cap-and-trade regime (Luderer et al., 2012)
Time to act now? Assessing the costs of delaying climate measures and benefits of early action (Jakob et al., 2012)
The Imaclim-R model: infrastructures, technical inertia and the costs of low carbon futures under imperfect foresight (Waisman et al., 2012)
Technology innovation and diffusion in “less than ideal” climate policies: An assessment with the WITCH model (De Cian et al., 2012)
The REMIND-R model: the role of renewables in the low-carbon transformation—first-best vs. second-best worlds (Bauer et al., 2012)
Shifting public opinion on climate change: an empirical assessment of factors influencing concern over climate change in the U.S., 2002–2010 (Brulle et al., 2012)
Consumers’ knowledge about climate change (Tobler et al., 2012)
Comparison of the use of alternative UKCP09 products for modelling the impacts of climate change on flood frequency (Kay & Jones, 2012)
Development of risk matrices for evaluating climatic change responses of forested habitats (Iverson et al., 2012)
Quality of geological CO2 storage to avoid jeopardizing climate targets (Torvanger et al., 2012)
Manipulating snow cover in an alpine bog: effects on ecosystem respiration and nutrient content in soil and microbes (Bombonato & Gerdol, 2012)
An assessment of the physical impacts of sea-level rise and coastal adaptation: a case study of the eastern coast of Ghana (Boateng, 2012)
Expert views of climate change adaptation in the Maldives (Sovacool, 2012)
Assessing future climate changes and extreme indicators in east and south Asia using the RegCM4 regional climate model (Gu et al., 2012)
Climatic change impacts on the ecohydrology of Mediterranean watersheds (Erol & Randhir, 2012)
Assessment of global warming on the island of Tenerife, Canary Islands (Spain). Trends in minimum, maximum and mean temperatures since 1944 (Martín et al., 2012)
The potential transient dynamics of forests in New England under historical and projected future climate change (Tang et al., 2012)
Drought in the Southern United States over the 20th century: variability and its impacts on terrestrial ecosystem productivity and carbon storage (Chen et al., 2012)
The impact of surplus units from the first Kyoto period on achieving the reduction pledges of the Cancún Agreements (den Elzen et al., 2012)
Leviathan carbon taxes in the short run (Tol, 2012)
The appropriation of the climate change problem among road managers: fighting in the trenches of the real world (Ryghaug & Solli, 2012)
Scenarios of methane emission reductions to 2030: abatement costs and co-benefits to ozone air quality and human mortality (West et al., 2012)
Uncertainty, scepticism and attitudes towards climate change: biased assimilation and attitude polarisation (Corner et al., 2012)
Is climate change an ethical issue? Examining young adults’ beliefs about climate and morality (Markowitz, 2012)
Adaptation to an uncertain climate change: cost benefit analysis and robust decision making for dam dimensioning (Nassopoulos et al., 2012)
Coupling statistical and dynamical methods for spatial downscaling of precipitation (Chen et al., 2012)
Climate change in mountains: a review of elevation-dependent warming and its possible causes (Rangwala & Miller, 2012)
Quantification of the influence of snow course measurement date on climatic trends (Pagano, 2012)
Multisite statistical downscaling model for daily precipitation combined by multivariate multiple linear regression and stochastic weather generator (Jeong et al., 2012)
Multiproxy reconstructions of climate for three sites in the Canadian High Arctic using Cassiope tetragona (Rayback et al., 2012)
Global warming and rainfall oscillation in the 5–10 yr band in Western Europe and Eastern North America (Pinault, 2012)
Fading temperature sensitivity of Alpine tree growth at its Mediterranean margin and associated effects on large-scale climate reconstructions (Büntgen et al., 2012)
Climate change and impacts in the Eastern Mediterranean and the Middle East (Lelieveld et al., 2012)
Observed temperature evolution in the City of Sfax (Middle Eastern Tunisia) for the period 1950–2007 (Dahech & Beltrando, 2012)
Beyond generic adaptive capacity: exploring the adaptation space of the water supply and wastewater sector of the Stockholm region, Sweden (Rudberg et al., 2012)
Growing season expansion and related changes in monthly temperature and growing degree days in the Inter-Montane Desert of the San Luis Valley, Colorado (Mix et al., 2012)
The influence of hurricane risk on tourist destination choice in the Caribbean (Forster et al., 2012)
Decadal variations of land surface temperature anomalies observed over the Tibetan Plateau by the Special Sensor Microwave Imager (SSM/I) from 1987 to 2008 (Salama et al., 2012)
Specification of thermal growing season in temperate China from 1960 to 2009 (Shen et al., 2012)
Observational evidence of the cooling effect of agricultural irrigation in Jilin, China (Zhu et al., 2012)
Climate change hotspots in the CMIP5 global climate model ensemble (Diffenbaugh & Giorgi, 2012)
Canadian International Polar Year (2007–2008): an introduction (Kulkarni et al., 2012)
Well-being and environmental change in the arctic: a synthesis of selected research from Canada’s International Polar Year program (Parlee & Furgal, 2012)
Selected topics in arctic atmosphere and climate (Perrie et al., 2012)
Variability and change in the Canadian cryosphere (Derksen et al., 2012)
The Arctic Ocean—a Canadian perspective from IPY (Melling et al., 2012)
Change and variability in sea ice during the 2007–2008 Canadian International Polar Year program (Barber et al., 2012)
Consequences of change and variability in sea ice on marine ecosystem and biogeochemical processes during the 2007–2008 Canadian International Polar Year program (Barber et al., 2012)
Current state and trends in Canadian Arctic marine ecosystems: I. Primary production (Tremblay et al., 2012)
Current state and trends in Canadian Arctic marine ecosystems: II. Heterotrophic food web, pelagic-benthic coupling, and biodiversity (Darnis et al., 2012)
Effects of observed and experimental climate change on terrestrial ecosystems in northern Canada: results from the Canadian IPY program (Henry et al., 2012)
Time series data for Canadian arctic vertebrates: IPY contributions to science, management, and policy (Ferguson et al., 2012)
Public health in the Canadian Arctic: contributions from International Polar Year research (Owens et al., 2012)
Framing the way to relate climate extremes to climate change (Trenberth, 2012)
Future heat vulnerability in California, Part I: projecting future weather types and heat events (Sheridan et al., 2012)
Future heat vulnerability in California, Part II: projecting future heat-related mortality (Sheridan et al., 2012)
Climate affects severity and altitudinal distribution of outbreaks in an eruptive bark beetle (Marini et al., 2012)
Radial growth change of temperate tree species in response to altered regional climate and air quality in the period 1901–2008 (Kint et al., 2012)
Net primary production of terrestrial ecosystems from 2000 to 2009 (Potter et al., 2012)
Future vegetation changes in thawing subarctic mires and implications for greenhouse gas exchange—a regional assessment (Bosiö et al., 2012)
Local climatic drivers of changes in phenology at a boreal-temperate ecotone in eastern North America (Beier et al., 2012)
Patterns of change in sea surface temperature in the North Atlantic during the last three decades: beyond mean trends (Taboada & Anadón, 2012)
Use of Representative Climate Futures in impact and adaptation assessment (Whetton et al., 2012)
Carbon sequestration potential of parkland agroforestry in the Sahel (Luedeling & Neufeldt, 2012)
Vulnerability and adaptation of African rural populations to hydro-climate change: experience from fishing communities in the Inner Niger Delta (Mali) (Morand et al., 2012)
Impacts of climate change on growth, migration and recruitment success of Japanese sardine (Sardinops melanostictus) in the western North Pacific (Okunishi et al., 2012)
20th century seasonal moisture balance in Southeast Asian montane forests from tree cellulose δ18O (Zhu et al., 2012)
Recent tree-growth reduction in north central China as a combined result of a weakened monsoon and atmospheric oscillations (Kang et al., 2012)
Evaluation of the combined risk of sea level rise, land subsidence, and storm surges on the coastal areas of Shanghai, China (Wang et al., 2012)
Estimating greenhouse gas emissions from cattle raising in Brazil (Bustamante et al., 2012)
The meteorological observations of Bento Sanches Dorta, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: 1781–1788 (Farrona et al., 2012)
Socio-climatic hotspots in Brazil (Torres et al., 2012)
A way forward on adaptation to climate change in Colombian agriculture: perspectives towards 2050 (Ramirez-Villegas et al., 2012)
Statistical downscaling of daily climate variables for climate change impact assessment over New South Wales, Australia (Liu & Zuo, 2012)
Trend analysis of wave direction and associated impacts on the Catalan coast (Casas-Prat & Sierra, 2012)
Management alternatives to offset climate change effects on Mediterranean fire regimes in NE Spain (Loepfe et al., 2012)
The effects of rerouting aircraft around the arctic circle on arctic and global climate (Jacobson et al., 2012)
Changes in ice-season characteristics of a European Arctic lake from 1964 to 2008 (Lei et al., 2012)
Seeing the trees for the carbon: agroforestry for development and carbon mitigation (Anderson & Zerriffi, 2012)
Assessing temporary carbon sequestration and storage projects through land use, land-use change and forestry: comparison of dynamic life cycle assessment with ton-year approaches (Levasseur et al., 2012)
Vulnerability of timber in ground contact to fungal decay under climate change (Wang & Wang, 2012)
Exploring pathways for sustainable water management in river deltas in a changing environment (Haasnoot et al., 2012)
Assessing the potential impact of climate change on the UK’s electricity network (McColl et al., 2012)
Will climate change impact on wind power development in the UK? (Cradden et al., 2012)
Integrated assessment of climate change and urbanization impact on adaptation strategies: a case study in two small Korean watersheds (Kim & Chung, 2012)
The role of the land use, land use change and forestry sector in achieving Annex I reduction pledges (Grassi et al., 2012)
Lagged social-ecological responses to climate and range shifts in fisheries (Pinsky & Fogarty, 2012)
Toward a physically plausible upper bound of sea-level rise projections (Sriver et al., 2012)

Posted in Climate science | Leave a Comment »

New research – climate change impacts on mankind (July 28, 2016)

Posted by Ari Jokimäki on July 28, 2016

Some of the latest papers on climate change impacts on mankind are shown below. First a few highlighted papers with abstracts and then a list of some other papers. If this subject interests you, be sure to check also the other papers – they are by no means less interesting than the highlighted ones.


Attributing human mortality during extreme heat waves to anthropogenic climate change (Mitchell et al. 2016)

Abstract: It has been argued that climate change is the biggest global health threat of the 21st century. The extreme high temperatures of the summer of 2003 were associated with up to seventy thousand excess deaths across Europe. Previous studies have attributed the meteorological event to the human influence on climate, or examined the role of heat waves on human health. Here, for the first time, we explicitly quantify the role of human activity on climate and heat-related mortality in an event attribution framework, analysing both the Europe-wide temperature response in 2003, and localised responses over London and Paris. Using publicly-donated computing, we perform many thousands of climate simulations of a high-resolution regional climate model. This allows generation of a comprehensive statistical description of the 2003 event and the role of human influence within it, using the results as input to a health impact assessment model of human mortality. We find large-scale dynamical modes of atmospheric variability remain largely unchanged under anthropogenic climate change, and hence the direct thermodynamical response is mainly responsible for the increased mortality. In summer 2003, anthropogenic climate change increased the risk of heat-related mortality in Central Paris by ~70% and by ~20% in London, which experienced lower extreme heat. Out of the estimated ~315 and ~735 summer deaths attributed to the heatwave event in Greater London and Central Paris, respectively, 64 (±3) deaths were attributable to anthropogenic climate change in London, and 506 (±51) in Paris. Such an ability to robustly attribute specific damages to anthropogenic drivers of increased extreme heat can inform societal responses to, and responsibilities for, climate change.

Climate change and migration in the Pacific: options for Tuvalu and the Marshall Islands (Constable, 2016)

Abstract: As climate change impacts, particularly rising sea levels, manifest there is a high probability that some island populations will be faced with the need to relocate. This article discusses several discourses around migration options for people affected by climate change impacts in small island developing states. Options currently available to citizens of the Pacific nations of Tuvalu and the Marshall Islands are explored, including the perspective that high levels of customary land tenure in the Pacific are a barrier to permanent movement to other Pacific countries. Migration to Pacific Rim countries such as Australia, New Zealand and the USA is complicated by strict migration eligibility criteria, which often require proof of language abilities and income, and may restrict the number of accompanying dependants. The Compact of Free Association provides visa-free entry to the USA for citizens of the Marshall Islands, but the lack of financial assistance restricts eligibility to those with existing financial resources or family networks that can provide access to capital. The difficulty of directly attributing single weather/climate events to climate change hinders the formulation of a definition of climate change-related migration. This obstacle in turn hinders the establishment of effective visa categories and migration routes for what is likely to become a growing number of people in coming decades.

Rural drinking water issues in India’s drought-prone area: a case of Maharashtra state (Udmale et al. 2016)

Abstract: Obtaining sufficient drinking water with acceptable quality under circumstances of lack, such as droughts, is a challenge in drought-prone areas of India. This study examined rural drinking water availability issues during a recent drought (2012) through 22 focus group discussions (FGDs) in a drought-prone catchment of India. Also, a small chemical water quality study was undertaken to evaluate the suitability of water for drinking purpose based on Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS). The drought that began in 2011 and further deteriorated water supplies in 2012 caused a rapid decline in reservoir storages and groundwater levels that led, in turn, to the failure of the public water supply systems in the Upper Bhima Catchment. Dried up and low-yield dug wells and borewells, tanker water deliveries from remote sources, untimely water deliveries, and degraded water quality were the major problems identified in the FGDs. In addition to severe drinking water scarcity during drought, the quality of the drinking water was found to be a major problem, and it apparently was neglected by local governments and users. Severe contamination of the drinking water with nitrate-nitrogen, ammonium-nitrogen, and chlorides was found in the analyzed drinking water samples. Hence, in addition to the water scarcity, the results of this study point to an immediate need to investigate the problem of contaminated drinking water sources while designing relief measures for drought-prone areas of India.

Climate change impacts on European agriculture revisited: adding the economic dimension of grasslands (Aghajanzadeh-Darzi et al. 2016)

Abstract: Forage and more widely grassland systems are difficult to analyze in economic terms because a large proportion of what is produced is not marketed. Economic misestimation of these farm products may dramatically alter projected climate change impacts. This study estimates the economic value of grass and assesses the impact of climatic variations on grassland–livestock systems by taking various environmental and climatic factors into account. Accordingly, grass yield responses to nitrogen inputs (N-yield functions) have been simulated using the grassland biogeochemical PaSim model and then fed into the economic farm-type supply AROPAj model. We developed a computational method to estimate shadow prices of grass production, allowing us to better estimate the effects of climatic variability on grassland and crop systems. This approach has been used on a European scale under two Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change climate scenarios (AR4 A2 and B1). Results show a significant change in land use over time. Accordingly, due to decreases in feed expenses, farmers may increase livestock, thereby increasing overall greenhouse gas emissions for all scenarios considered. As part of autonomous adaptation by farming systems, N-yield functions extending to pastures and fodders allow us to improve the model and to refine results when marketed and non-marketed crops are considered in a balanced way.

Impacts of Climate Change on the Collapse of Lowland Maya Civilization (Douglas et al. 2016)

Abstract: Paleoclimatologists have discovered abundant evidence that droughts coincided with collapse of the Lowland Classic Maya civilization, and some argue that climate change contributed to societal disintegration. Many archaeologists, however, maintain that drought cannot explain the timing or complex nature of societal changes at the end of the Classic Period, between the eighth and eleventh centuries ce. This review presents a compilation of climate proxy data indicating that droughts in the ninth to eleventh century were the most severe and frequent in Maya prehistory. Comparison with recent archaeological evidence, however, indicates an earlier beginning for complex economic and political processes that led to the disintegration of states in the southern region of the Maya lowlands that precedes major droughts. Nonetheless, drought clearly contributed to the unusual severity of the Classic Maya collapse, and helped to inhibit the type of recovery seen in earlier periods of Maya prehistory. In the drier northern Maya Lowlands, a later political collapse at ca. 1000 ce appears to be related to ongoing extreme drought. Future interdisciplinary research should use more refined climatological and archaeological data to examine the relationship between climate and social processes throughout the entirety of Maya prehistory.

Other papers

Death from respiratory diseases and temperature in Shiraz, Iran (2006–2011) (Dadbakhsh et al. 2016)

Food security in the face of climate change: Adaptive capacity of small-scale social-ecological systems to environmental variability (Pérez et al. 2016)

Precipitation Effects on Motor Vehicle Crashes Vary by Space, Time and Environmental Conditions (Tamerius et al. 2016)

The potential for adoption of climate smart agricultural practices in Sub-Saharan livestock systems (de Jalón et al. 2016)

Can Gridded Precipitation Data and Phenological Observations Reduce Basis Risk of Weather Index-based Insurance? (Dalhaus et al. 2016)

Sea surface temperature impacts on winter cropping systems in the Iberian Peninsula (Capa-Morocho et al. 2016)

Separating the effects of phenology and diffuse radiation on gross primary productivity in winter wheat (Williams et al. 2016)

Risk matrix approach useful in adapting agriculture to climate change (Cobon et al. 2016)

Heat-related mortality: Effect modification and adaptation in Japan from 1972 to 2010 (Ng et al. 2016)

The effect of extreme cold temperatures on the risk of death in the two major Portuguese cities (Antunes et al. 2016)

Social and cultural issues raised by climate change in Pacific Island countries: an overview (Weir et al. 2016)

Protein futures for Western Europe: potential land use and climate impacts in 2050 (Röös et al. 2016)

“Climate change damages”, conceptualization of a legal notion with regard to reparation under international law (Kugler & Sariego, 2016)

Temperature deviation index and elderly mortality in Japan (Lim et al. 2016)

Climatic influence on corn sowing date in the Midwestern United States (Choi et al. 2016)

New Zealand kiwifruit growers’ vulnerability to climate and other stressors (Cradock-Henry, 2016)

Climate change impacts and adaptive strategies: lessons from the grapevine (Mosedale et al. 2016)

Posted in Adaptation & Mitigation, Global warming effects | Leave a Comment »

New research – temperature (July 26, 2016)

Posted by Ari Jokimäki on July 26, 2016

Some of the latest papers on temperature are shown below. First a few highlighted papers with abstracts and then a list of some other papers. If this subject interests you, be sure to check also the other papers – they are by no means less interesting than the highlighted ones.


The rogue nature of hiatuses in a global warming climate (Sévellec, Sinha & Skliris, 2016)

Abstract: The nature of rogue events is their unlikelihood and the recent unpredicted decade-long slowdown in surface warming, the so-called hiatus, may be such an event. However, given decadal variability in climate, global surface temperatures were never expected to increase monotonically with increasing radiative forcing. Here, surface air temperature from twenty climate models is analysed to estimate the historical and future likelihood of hiatuses and “surges” (faster than expected warming), showing that the global hiatus of the early 21st Century was extremely unlikely. A novel analysis of future climate scenarios suggests that hiatuses will almost vanish and surges will strongly intensify by 2100 under a “business as usual” scenario. For “CO2 stabilisation” scenarios, hiatus and surge characteristics revert to typical 1940s values. These results suggest to study the hiatus of the early 21st Century and future re-occurrences as rogue events, at the limit of the variability of current climate modelling capability.

Underestimated warming of northern Canada in the Berkeley Earth temperature product (Way, Oliva & Viau, 2016)

Abstract: The Berkeley Earth surface temperature (BERK) project provides gridded global temperature anomaly products using an automated geostatistical approach to adjust station data for systematic biases. Despite its widespread usage, the BERK data set has not been evaluated at the national-scale, especially in data-sparse high latitude environments. This study provides an evaluation of the BERK product across all of Canada using 333 climate stations made available from the homogenized Environment Canada station network (HTcan). Comparison between co-located monthly air temperature anomalies for the two data sets suggests small differences between the two products for mean surface (∼2 m) air temperature. However, the relatively minimal bias in mean temperature is a consequence of contrasting cold and warm biases in minimum and maximum air temperatures, respectively, that are larger but effectively even out when averaged together. The BERK product is shown to exhibit systematic underestimation of recent regional warming in northern Canada which when combined with an overestimation of warmth earlier in the record results in an observable reduction in warming rates for minimum and mean temperature anomalies since 1950. The temporal evolution and spatial pattern of the observed biases suggest that the BERK-automated adjustments to station data in northern Canada miss some inhomogeneities in the raw station data. These results highlight the need for enhanced data recovery and homogenization efforts in data-sparse high latitude regions and emphasize the importance of national-scale climate data sets for evaluating global gridded products. We also recommend caution when using the BERK minimum and maximum monthly air temperature products for long-term trend analyses.

Revisiting whether recent surface temperature trends agree with the CMIP5 ensemble (Lin & Huybers, 2016)

Abstract: A weaker trend in global mean temperature over the past 15 years relative to the preceding decades has been characterized as significantly lower than those contained within the CMIP5 ensemble. In this study, divergence between model simulations and observations is estimated using a fixed-intercept linear trend with a slope estimator that has one-third the noise variance compared to simple linear regression. Following the approach of Fyfe et al. (2013) where inter-model spread is used to assess the distribution of trends, but using the fixed-intercept trend metric, demonstrates that recently observed trends in global-mean temperature are consistent (p > 0.1) with the CMIP5 ensemble for all 15-year intervals of observation-model divergence since 1970. Significant clustering of global trends according to modeling center indicates that the spread in CMIP5 trends is better characterized using ensemble members drawn across models, as opposed to using ensemble members from a single model. Despite model-observation consistency at the global level, substantial regional discrepancies in surface temperature trends remain.

Climate change in the Kola Peninsula, Arctic Russia, during the last 50 years from meteorological observations (Marshall, Vignols & Rees, 2016)

Abstract: We provide a detailed climatology and evaluation of recent climate change in the Kola Peninsula, Arctic Russia, a region influenced by both the North Atlantic and Arctic Oceans. The analysis is based on 50 years of monthly surface air temperature (SAT), precipitation (PPN) and sea level pressure (SLP) data from ten meteorological stations for 1966-2015. Regional mean annual SAT is ~0°C: the moderating effect of the ocean is such that coastal (inland) stations have a positive (negative) value. Examined mean annual PPN totals rise from ~430 mm in the north-east of the region to ~600 mm in the west.

Annual SAT in the Kola Peninsula has increased by 2.3 ± 1.0 °C over the past 50 years. Seasonally, statistically significant warming has taken place in spring and fall, although the largest trend has occurred in winter. While there has been no significant change in annual PPN, spring has become significantly wetter and fall drier. The former is associated with the only significant seasonal SLP trend (decrease). A positive winter North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO) index is generally associated with a warmer and wetter Kola Peninsula while a positive Siberian High (SH) index has the opposite impact. The relationship between both the NAO and SH and SAT is broadly coherent across the region whereas their relationship with PPN varies markedly, although none of the relationships are temporally invariant. Reduced sea ice in the Barents and White Seas and associated circulation changes are likely to be the principal drivers behind the observed changes.

Water temperature increases in the river Rhine in response to climate change (Hardenbicker et al. 2016)

Abstract: The present study analyzes climate change effects on the water temperature of the Rhine, one of the largest rivers in Central Europe. Simulation calculations were performed based on a range of climate and river flow projections for the near (2021–2050) and for the far future (2071–2100) compared to a reference period (1961–1990). Changes in mean annual water temperature in the near future range between +0.6 and +1.4 °C and between +1.9 and +2.2 °C in the far future (average of nine stations). Monthly mean values of the far future change in a more differentiated way by +0.4 to +1.3 °C in spring and +2.7 to +3.4 °C in late summer. The length of periods of high water temperature, expressed as successive days with water temperatures over 27 °C, increases by a factor of four until 2100. These prolonged durations of periods with unusually high water temperatures may provoke changes in the food web and in the rates of biological processes in the Rhine.

Other papers

Assessing the uncertainty of CESM-LE in simulating the trends of mean and extreme temperature and precipitation over China (Li, Zhu & Dong, 2016)

Reconciling Observed and Modelled Temperature and Precipitation Trends over Europe by Adjusting for Circulation Variability (Saffioti et al. 2016)

Geo-spatial analysis of temporal trends of temperature and its extremes over India using daily gridded (1°×1°) temperature data of 1969–2005 (Chakraborty et al. 2016)

Sudden stratospheric warmings observed in the last decade by satellite measurements (Kishore et al. 2016)

Longitudinal Asymmetric Trends of Tropical Cold-point Tropopause Temperature and Their Link to Strengthened Walker Circulation (Hu et al. 2016)

An in situ-based analysis of the relationship between land surface ‘skin’ and screen-level air temperatures (Good, 2016)

Spatiotemporal rainfall and temperature trends throughout the Brazilian Legal Amazon, 1973–2013 (Almeida et al. 2016)

Spatial variation of deterministic chaos in mean daily temperature and rainfall over Nigeria (Fuwape et al. 2016)

Homogenisation of temperature and precipitation time series with ACMANT3: method description and efficiency tests (Domonkos & Coll, 2016)

The tropical Pacific as a key pacemaker of the variable rates of global warming (Kosaka & Xie, 2016)

The changing shape of Northern Hemisphere summer temperature distributions (McKinnon et al. 2016)

Future Decreases in Freezing Days Across North America (Rawlins et al. 2016)

Arctic warming, moisture increase and circulation changes observed in the Ny-Ålesund homogenized radiosonde record (Maturilli & Kayser, 2016)

Trend analysis of air temperature time series in Greece and their relationship with circulation using surface and satellite data: recent trends and an update to 2013 (Feidas, 2016)

Urban Heat Island traverses in the City of Adelaide, South Australia (Clay et al. 2016)

Recent Extreme Arctic Temperatures are due to a Split Polar Vortex (Overland & Wang, 2016)

Potential tropical Atlantic impacts on Pacific decadal climate trends (Chikamoto et al. 2016)

Consistent land surface temperature data generation from irregularly spaced Landsat imagery (Fu & Weng, 2016)

Spatial and temporal variation in daily temperature indices in summer and winter seasons over India (1969–2012) (Kumar et al. 2016)

Spatial patterns of recent Antarctic surface temperature trends and the importance of natural variability: lessons from multiple reconstructions and the CMIP5 models (Smith & Polvani, 2016)

From Urban to National Heat Island: the effect of anthropogenic heat output on climate change in high population industrial countries (Murray & Heggie, 2016)

From accelerated warming to warming hiatus in China (Xie, Huang & Liu, 2016)

Weekly cycles in peak time temperatures and urban heat island intensity (Earl, Simmonds & Tapper, 2016)

Radiative and Dynamical Influences on Polar Stratospheric Temperature Trends (Ivy, Solomon & Rieder, 2016)

Posted in AGW evidence, Climate claims, Climate science | Leave a Comment »

New research – climate change mitigation (July 25, 2016)

Posted by Ari Jokimäki on July 25, 2016

Some of the latest papers on climate change mitigation are shown below. First a few highlighted papers with abstracts and then a list of some other papers. If this subject interests you, be sure to check also the other papers – they are by no means less interesting than the highlighted ones.


What would it take to achieve the Paris temperature targets?

Abstract: The 2015 Paris Agreement aims to limit warming to 2 or 1.5°C above preindustrial level, although combined Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) are likely insufficient to achieve these targets. We propose a set of idealized emission pathways consistent with the targets. If countries reduce emissions in line with their INDCs, the 2°C threshold could be avoided only if net zero greenhouse gas emissions (GHGEs) are achieved by 2085 and late century negative emissions are considerably in excess of those assumed in Representative Concentration Pathway (RCP) 2.6 (net −5 Gt CO2/yr, compared with −1.5 Gt CO2/yr in RCP2.6). More aggressive near-term reductions would allow 2°C to be avoided with less end-of-century carbon removal capacity. A 10% cut in GHGEs by 2030 (relative to 2015) could likely achieve 2°C with RCP2.6 level negative emissions. The 1.5°C target requires GHGEs to be reduced by almost a third by 2030 and net zero by 2050, while a 50 year overshoot of 1.5°C allows net zero GHGEs by 2060.

Productivity ranges of sustainable biomass potentials from non-agricultural land

Abstract: Land is under pressure from a number of demands, including the need for increased supplies of bioenergy. While bioenergy is an important ingredient in many pathways compatible with reaching the 2 °C target, areas where cultivation of the biomass feedstock would be most productive appear to co-host other important ecosystems services. We categorize global geo-data on land availability into productivity deciles, and provide a geographically explicit assessment of potentials that are concurrent with EU sustainability criteria. The deciles unambiguously classify the global productivity range of potential land currently not in agricultural production for biomass cultivation. Results show that 53 exajoule (EJ) sustainable biomass potential are available from 167 million hectares (Mha) with a productivity above 10 tons of dry matter per hectare and year (tD Mha−1 a−1), while additional 33 EJ are available on 264 Mha with yields between 4 and 10 tD M ha−1 a−1: some regions lose less of their highly productive potentials to sustainability concerns than others and regional contributions to bioenergy potentials shift when less productive land is considered. Challenges to limit developments to the exploitation of sustainable potentials arise in Latin America, Africa and Developing Asia, while new opportunities emerge for Transition Economies and OECD countries to cultivate marginal land.

Understanding the nuclear controversy: An application of cultural theory

Abstract: The need for a secure and sustainable energy future has become firmly entrenched on the global political agenda. Governments worldwide are seeking solutions that will ensure security of their energy supplies, while reducing carbon emissions in the fight against climate change. Advocates of nuclear power have reframed the technology as the most reliable, cost-effective and immediate solution to both of these policy problems, and predicted the emergence of a ‘nuclear renaissance’. However, there is little evidence to date that suggests a nuclear renaissance has actually taken place. Public opinion polling demonstrates that many remain unconvinced of the need for nuclear power. This paper uses Cultural Theory as a heuristic to understand why the arguments for a nuclear renaissance have been largely unsuccessful. It argues that the failure of nuclear advocates to engage with a wider cross-section of world-views has prevented the controversy surrounding nuclear power from being resolved, and the nuclear renaissance from becoming a reality. In doing so, this paper builds upon a growing recognition of the contribution that social science research can make to understanding public acceptance of energy policy choices.

An overview of the Earth system science of solar geoengineering

Abstract: Solar geoengineering has been proposed as a means to cool the Earth by increasing the reflection of sunlight back to space, for example, by injecting reflective aerosol particles (or their precursors) into the lower stratosphere. Such proposed techniques would not be able to substitute for mitigation of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions as a response to the risks of climate change, as they would only mask some of the effects of global warming. They might, however, eventually be applied as a complementary approach to reduce climate risks. Thus, the Earth system consequences of solar geoengineering are central to understanding its potentials and risks. Here we review the state-of-the-art knowledge about stratospheric sulfate aerosol injection and an idealized proxy for this, ‘sunshade geoengineering,’ in which the intensity of incoming sunlight is directly reduced in models. Studies are consistent in suggesting that sunshade geoengineering and stratospheric aerosol injection would generally offset the climate effects of elevated GHG concentrations. However, it is clear that a solar geoengineered climate would be novel in some respects, one example being a notably reduced hydrological cycle intensity. Moreover, we provide an overview of nonclimatic aspects of the response to stratospheric aerosol injection, for example, its effect on ozone, and the uncertainties around its consequences. We also consider the issues raised by the partial control over the climate that solar geoengineering would allow. Finally, this overview highlights some key research gaps in need of being resolved to provide sound basis for guidance of future decisions around solar geoengineering.

Pacific Islanders’ understanding of climate change: Where do they source information and to what extent do they trust it?

Abstract: The experience of environmental stress and attitudes towards climate change was explored for 1226 students at the University of the South Pacific, the foremost tertiary institution serving the independent nations of the Pacific. Students sourced information regarding climate change from media including television, radio, and newspapers; the community (typically via their village, church, and extended family); the University and their friends; and in addition to regional agencies such as the Pacific Community. Most students concluded that they could not believe all of the informations provided by these sources. The findings demonstrate that most students—the future elite of the region—rank global environmental change as the highest future risk. Although nearly all respondents believed that climate change was happening, more than half of respondents believed that the risk was exaggerated and only one-third believed that science would find an answer, suggesting a lack of trust in scientific sources of information. Results also showed that these attitudes varied across demographic factors such as age, region, and gender. The understanding of contemporary attitudes towards global environmental change among a cohort that is likely to include future national leaders in the Pacific Islands region presents unique opportunities for long-range planning of intervention and support strategies. Of particular note for effective intervention and support is the breadth and trustworthiness of various information sources including Pacific Island leaders.

Other papers

What are the limits to oil palm expansion?

Risks affecting the biofuels industry: A US and Canadian company perspective

Investigating biofuels through network analysis

Life cycle inventories of electricity supply through the lens of data quality: exploring challenges and opportunities

Increasing beef production won’t reduce emissions

Health and climate benefits of offshore wind facilities in the Mid-Atlantic United States

Carbon budgets and energy transition pathways

An assessment of alternative carbon mitigation policies for achieving the emissions reduction of the Clean Power Plan: Case study for the state of Indiana

A retrospective analysis of benefits and impacts of U.S. renewable portfolio standards

Can climate policy enhance sustainability?

Contribution of the G20 economies to the global impact of the Paris agreement climate proposals

REDD+ politics in the media: a case from Nepal

Solutions for ecosystem-level protection of ocean systems under climate change

The impact of different cooling strategies on urban air temperatures: the cases of Campinas, Brazil and Mendoza, Argentina

Dynamics of the land use, land use change, and forestry sink in the European Union: the impacts of energy and climate targets for 2030

Unravelling the United Kingdom’s climate policy consensus: The power of ideas, discourse and institutions

Could artificial ocean alkalinization protect tropical coral ecosystems from ocean acidification?

Impacts of sea spray geoengineering on ocean biogeochemistry

A comparative life cycle assessment of commercially available household silver-enabled polyester textiles

Most promising flexible generators for the wind dominated market

Conflicts of economic interests by limiting global warming to +3 °C

Reforestation in a high-CO2 world—Higher mitigation potential than expected, lower adaptation potential than hoped for

Fossil fuels, employment, and support for climate policies

China’s low-carbon transition for addressing climate change

Safety and effective developing nuclear power to realize green and low-carbon development

Coping with climate change and China’s wind energy sustainable development

Energy, land-use and greenhouse gas emissions trajectories under a green growth paradigm

An analysis of Chinese provincial carbon dioxide emission efficiencies based on energy consumption structure

The Hinkley Point decision: An analysis of the policy process

Implicit CO2 prices of fossil fuel use in Switzerland

Could more civil society involvement increase public support for climate policy-making? Evidence from a survey experiment in China

Understanding perceptions of changing hurricane strength along the US Gulf coast

Posted in Adaptation & Mitigation | Leave a Comment »

New research – climate change impacts on cryosphere (July 23, 2016)

Posted by Ari Jokimäki on July 23, 2016

Some of the latest papers on climate change impacts on cryosphere are shown below. First a few highlighted papers with abstracts and then a list of some other papers. If this subject interests you, be sure to check also the other papers – they are by no means less interesting than the highlighted ones.


Antarctic sea-ice expansion between 2000 and 2014 driven by tropical Pacific decadal climate variability

Abstract: Antarctic sea-ice extent has been slowly increasing in the satellite record that began in 1979. Since the late 1990s, the increase has accelerated, but the average of all climate models shows a decline. Meanwhile, the Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation, an internally generated mode of climate variability, transitioned from positive to negative, with an average cooling of tropical Pacific sea surface temperatures, a slowdown of the global warming trend and a deepening of the Amundsen Sea Low near Antarctica that has contributed to regional circulation changes in the Ross Sea region and expansion of sea ice. Here we show that the negative phase of the Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation in global coupled climate models is characterized by anomalies similar to the observed sea-level pressure and near-surface 850 hPa wind changes near Antarctica since 2000 that are conducive to expanding Antarctic sea-ice extent, particularly in the Ross Sea region in all seasons, involving a deepening of the Amundsen Sea Low. These atmospheric circulation changes are shown to be mainly driven by precipitation and convective heating anomalies related to the Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation in the equatorial eastern Pacific, with additional contributions from convective heating anomalies in the South Pacific convergence zone and tropical Atlantic regions.

Million year old ice found under meter thick debris layer in Antarctica

Abstract: Cosmogenic nuclide measurements associated with buried glacier ice in Ong Valley, in the Transantarctic Mountains, suggest the preservation of ancient ice. There are three glacial tills on the valley floor which have formed from the concentration of regolith contained within sublimating glacier ice. Two tills are less than 1 m thick and underlain by ice. Measurements of cosmogenic 10Be, 26Al, and 21Ne show that (i) the youngest buried ice unit and corresponding till are at least 11–13 ka, (ii) another ice unit and corresponding intermediate-age till are at least 1.1 Ma old under any circumstances and most likely older than 1.78 Ma, and (iii) the oldest till is at least 1.57 Ma and most likely greater than 2.63 Ma. These observations highlight the longevity of ice under thin debris layers and the potential to sample ancient ice for paleoclimate/paleoatmosphere information close to the present land surface.

Accelerating retreat and high-elevation thinning of glaciers in central Spitsbergen

Abstract: Svalbard is a heavily glacier-covered archipelago in the Arctic. Dickson Land (DL), in the central part of the largest island, Spitsbergen, is relatively arid and, as a result, glaciers there are relatively small and restricted mostly to valleys and cirques. This study presents a comprehensive analysis of glacier changes in DL based on inventories compiled from topographic maps and digital elevation models for the Little Ice Age (LIA) maximum, the 1960s, 1990, and 2009/2011. Total glacier area has decreased by  ∼ 38 % since the LIA maximum, and front retreat increased over the study period. Recently, most of the local glaciers have been consistently thinning in all elevation bands, in contrast to larger Svalbard ice masses which remain closer to balance. The mean 1990–2009/2011 geodetic mass balance of glaciers in DL is among the most negative from the Svalbard regional means known from the literature.

The Andes Cordillera. Part I: snow distribution, properties, and trends (1979–2014)

Abstract: Snow cover presence, duration, properties, and water amount play a major role in Earth’s climate system through its impact on the surface energy budget. Snow cover conditions and trends (1979–2014) were simulated for South America – for the entire Andes Cordillera. Recent data sets and SnowModel developments allow relatively high-resolutions of 3-h time step and 4-km horizontal grid increment for this domain. US Geological Survey’s Global Multi-resolution Terrain Elevation Data 2010 topography, Global Land Cover (GlobCover), Randolph Glacier Inventory (v. 4.0) glacier, and NASA modern-era retrospective analysis for research and applications data sets were used to simulate first-order atmospheric forcing (e.g. near-surface air temperature and precipitation, including the fraction of precipitation falling as snow) and terrestrial snow characteristics (e.g. snow cover days, snow water equivalent depth, and snow density). Simulated snow conditions were verified against moderate-resolution imaging spectroradiometer-derived snow cover extent and 3064 individual direct observations of snow depths. Regional variability in mean annual air temperature occurred: positive trends in general were seen in the high Andes Cordillera, and negative trends at relatively lower elevations both east and west of the Cordillera. Snow precipitation showed more heterogeneous patterns than air temperature due to the influence from atmospheric conditions, topography, and orography. Overall, for the Cordillera, much of the area north of 23°S had a decrease in the number of snow cover days, while the southern half experienced the opposite. The snow cover extent changed ∼−15% during the simulation period, mostly between the elevations of ∼3000 and 5000 m above sea level (a.s.l.). However, below 1000 m a.s.l. (in Patagonia) the snow cover extent increased. The snow properties varied over short distances both along and across the Andes Cordillera.

Greenland Ice Sheet seasonal and spatial mass variability from model simulations and GRACE (2003–2012)

Abstract: Improving the ability of regional climate models (RCMs) and ice sheet models (ISMs) to simulate spatiotemporal variations in the mass of the Greenland Ice Sheet (GrIS) is crucial for prediction of future sea level rise. While several studies have examined recent trends in GrIS mass loss, studies focusing on mass variations at sub-annual and sub-basin-wide scales are still lacking. At these scales, processes responsible for mass change are less well understood and modeled, and could potentially play an important role in future GrIS mass change. Here, we examine spatiotemporal variations in mass over the GrIS derived from the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) satellites for the January 2003–December 2012 period using a “mascon” approach, with a nominal spatial resolution of 100 km, and a temporal resolution of 10 days. We compare GRACE-estimated mass variations against those simulated by the Modèle Atmosphérique Régionale (MAR) RCM and the Ice Sheet System Model (ISSM). In order to properly compare spatial and temporal variations in GrIS mass from GRACE with model outputs, we find it necessary to spatially and temporally filter model results to reproduce leakage of mass inherent in the GRACE solution. Both modeled and satellite-derived results point to a decline (of −178.9 ± 4.4 and −239.4 ± 7.7 Gt yr−1 respectively) in GrIS mass over the period examined, but the models appear to underestimate the rate of mass loss, especially in areas below 2000 m in elevation, where the majority of recent GrIS mass loss is occurring. On an ice-sheet-wide scale, the timing of the modeled seasonal cycle of cumulative mass (driven by summer mass loss) agrees with the GRACE-derived seasonal cycle, within limits of uncertainty from the GRACE solution. However, on sub-ice-sheet-wide scales, some areas exhibit significant differences in the timing of peaks in the annual cycle of mass change. At these scales, model biases, or processes not accounted for by models related to ice dynamics or hydrology, may lead to the observed differences. This highlights the need for further evaluation of modeled processes at regional and seasonal scales, and further study of ice sheet processes not accounted for, such as the role of subglacial hydrology in variations in glacial flow.

Other papers

The effects of Antarctic iceberg calving-size distribution in a global climate model

Emerging impact of Greenland meltwater on deepwater formation in the North Atlantic Ocean

Glacial Isostatic Adjustment (GIA) in Greenland: a Review

Long-term changes of glaciers in north-western Spitsbergen

Twelve-year cyclic surging episodes at Donjek Glacier in Yukon, Canada

Glacier melting and precipitation trends detected by surface area changes in Himalayan ponds

Effects of sources, transport and post-depositional processes on levoglucosan records in southeastern Tibetan glaciers

A global assessment of the societal impacts of glacier outburst floods

Interaction of sea ice floe size, ocean eddies and sea ice melting

Arctic sea ice decline contributes to thinning lake ice trend in northern Alaska

Predictability of Arctic annual minimum sea ice patterns

Changes in summer sea ice, albedo, and portioning of surface solar radiation in the Pacific sector of Arctic Ocean during 1982-2009

Patterns of Sea-Ice Retreat in the Transition to a Seasonally Ice-Free Arctic

Sea ice leads in the Arctic Ocean: Model assessment, interannual variability and trends

Atmospheric winter response to Arctic sea ice changes in reanalysis data and model simulations

The Role of Ocean Heat Transport in the Global Climate Response to Projected Arctic Sea Ice Loss

The Role of Springtime Arctic Clouds in Determining Autumn Sea Ice Extent

Linkages between Arctic summer circulation regimes and regional sea ice anomalies

Water-mass transformation by sea ice in the upper branch of the Southern Ocean overturning

A review of recent changes in Southern Ocean sea ice, their drivers and forcings

About the consistency between Envisat and CryoSat-2 radar freeboard retrieval over Antarctic sea ice

Monitoring surface deformation over permafrost with an improved SBAS-InSAR algorithm: With emphasis on climatic factors modeling

Permafrost Meta-Omics and Climate Change

Carbon loss and chemical changes from permafrost collapse in the northern Tibetan Plateau

The Effects of Climate Change on Seasonal Snowpack and the Hydrology of the Northeastern and Upper Midwest, U.S.

Characterizing the extreme 2015 snowpack deficit in the Sierra Nevada (USA) and the implications for drought recovery

Effect of snow grain shape on snow albedo

The Andes Cordillera. Part II: Rio Olivares Basin snow conditions (1979–2014), central Chile

Design of a scanning laser meter for monitoring the spatio-temporal evolution of snow depth and its application in the Alps and in Antarctica

Decreasing Spatial Dependence in Extreme Snowfall in the French Alps since 1958 under Climate Change

A snow climatology of the Andes Mountains from MODIS snow cover data

Spatiotemporal Snowfall Variability in the Lake Michigan Region: How is Warming Affecting Wintertime Snowfall?

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New research – climate change impacts on biosphere (July 22, 2016)

Posted by Ari Jokimäki on July 22, 2016

Some of the latest papers on climate change impacts on biosphere are shown below. First a few highlighted papers with abstracts and then a list of some other papers. If this subject interests you, be sure to check also the other papers – they are by no means less interesting than the highlighted ones.


Rapid climate-driven loss of breeding habitat for Arctic migratory birds

Abstract: Millions of birds migrate to and from the Arctic each year, but rapid climate change in the High North could strongly affect where species are able to breed, disrupting migratory connections globally. We modelled the climatically suitable breeding conditions of 24 Arctic specialist shorebirds and projected them to 2070 and to the mid-Holocene climatic optimum, the world’s last major warming event ~6000 years ago. We show that climatically suitable breeding conditions could shift, contract and decline over the next 70 years, with 66–83% of species losing the majority of currently suitable area. This exceeds, in rate and magnitude, the impact of the mid-Holocene climatic optimum. Suitable climatic conditions are predicted to decline acutely in the most species rich region, Beringia (western Alaska and eastern Russia), and become concentrated in the Eurasian and Canadian Arctic islands. These predicted spatial shifts of breeding grounds could affect the species composition of the world’s major flyways. Encouragingly, protected area coverage of current and future climatically suitable breeding conditions generally meets target levels; however, there is a lack of protected areas within the Canadian Arctic where resource exploitation is a growing threat. Given that already there are rapid declines of many populations of Arctic migratory birds, our results emphasize the urgency of mitigating climate change and protecting Arctic biodiversity.

Diverse growth trends and climate responses across Eurasia’s boreal forest

Abstract: The area covered by boreal forests accounts for ~16% of the global and 22% of the Northern Hemisphere landmass. Changes in the productivity and functioning of this circumpolar biome not only have strong effects on species composition and diversity at regional to larger scales, but also on the Earth’s carbon cycle. Although temporal inconsistency in the response of tree growth to temperature has been reported from some locations at the higher northern latitudes, a systematic dendroecological network assessment is still missing for most of the boreal zone. Here, we analyze the geographical patterns of changes in summer temperature and precipitation across northern Eurasia >60 °N since 1951 AD, as well as the growth trends and climate responses of 445 Pinus, Larix and Picea ring width chronologies in the same area and period. In contrast to widespread summer warming, fluctuations in precipitation and tree growth are spatially more diverse and overall less distinct. Although the influence of summer temperature on ring formation is increasing with latitude and distinct moisture effects are restricted to a few southern locations, growth sensitivity to June–July temperature variability is only significant at 16.6% of all sites (p ≤ 0.01). By revealing complex climate constraints on the productivity of Eurasia’s northern forests, our results question the a priori suitability of boreal tree-ring width chronologies for reconstructing summer temperatures. This study further emphasizes regional climate differences and their role on the dynamics of boreal ecosystems, and also underlines the importance of free data access to facilitate the compilation and evaluation of massively replicated and updated dendroecological networks.

Air pollutants degrade floral scents and increase insect foraging times

Abstract: Flowers emit mixtures of scents that mediate plant-insect interactions such as attracting insect pollinators. Because of their volatile nature, however, floral scents readily react with ozone, nitrate radical, and hydroxyl radical. The result of such reactions is the degradation and the chemical modification of scent plumes downwind of floral sources. Large Eddy Simulations (LES) are developed to investigate dispersion and chemical degradation and modification of floral scents due to reactions with ozone, hydroxyl radical, and nitrate radical within the atmospheric surface layer. Impacts on foraging insects are investigated by utilizing a random walk model to simulate insect search behavior. Results indicate that even moderate air pollutant levels (e.g., ozone mixing ratios greater than 60 parts per billion on a per volume basis, ppbv) substantially degrade floral volatiles and alter the chemical composition of released floral scents. As a result, insect success rates of locating plumes of floral scents were reduced and foraging times increased in polluted air masses due to considerable degradation and changes in the composition of floral scents. Results also indicate that plant-pollinator interactions could be sensitive to changes in floral scent composition, especially if insects are unable to adapt to the modified scentscape. The increase in foraging time could have severe cascading and pernicious impacts on the fitness of foraging insects by reducing the time devoted to other necessary tasks.

Climate change and habitat conversion favour the same species

Abstract: Land-use change and climate change are driving a global biodiversity crisis. Yet, how species’ responses to climate change are correlated with their responses to land-use change is poorly understood. Here, we assess the linkages between climate and land-use change on birds in Neotropical forest and agriculture. Across > 300 species, we show that affiliation with drier climates is associated with an ability to persist in and colonise agriculture. Further, species shift their habitat use along a precipitation gradient: species prefer forest in drier regions, but use agriculture more in wetter zones. Finally, forest-dependent species that avoid agriculture are most likely to experience decreases in habitable range size if current drying trends in the Neotropics continue as predicted. This linkage suggests a synergy between the primary drivers of biodiversity loss. Because they favour the same species, climate and land-use change will likely homogenise biodiversity more severely than otherwise anticipated.

Climate adaptation is not enough: warming does not facilitate success of southern tundra plant populations in the high Arctic

Abstract: Rapidly rising temperatures are expected to cause latitudinal and elevational range shifts as species track their optimal climate north and upward. However, a lack of adaptation to environmental conditions other than climate – for example photoperiod, biotic interactions, or edaphic conditions – might limit the success of immigrants in a new location despite hospitable climatic conditions. Here we present one of the first direct experimental tests of the hypothesis that warmer temperatures at northern latitudes will confer a fitness advantage to southern immigrants relative to native populations. As rates of warming in the Arctic are more than double the global average, understanding the impacts of warming in Arctic ecosystems is especially urgent. We established experimentally warmed and non-warmed common garden plots at Alexandra Fiord, Ellesmere Island in the Canadian High Arctic with seeds of two forb species (Oxyria digyna and Papaver radicatum) originating from 3-5 populations at different latitudes across the Arctic. We found that plants from the local populations generally had higher survival and obtained a greater maximum size than foreign individuals, regardless of warming treatment. Phenological traits varied with latitude of the source population, such that southern populations demonstrated substantially delayed leaf-out and senescence relative to northern populations. Our results suggest that environmental conditions other than temperature may influence the ability of foreign populations and species to establish at more northerly latitudes as the climate warms, potentially leading to lags in northward range shifts for some species.

Short-term climate change manipulation effects do not scale up to long-term legacies: Effects of an absent snow cover on boreal forest plants

Abstract: 1.Despite time lags and non-linearity in ecological processes, the majority of our knowledge about ecosystem responses to long-term changes in climate originates from relatively short-term experiments.

2.We utilized the longest ongoing snow removal experiment in the world and an additional set of new plots at the same location in northern Sweden to simultaneously measure the effects of long-term (11 winters) and short-term (1 winter) absence of snow cover on boreal forest understorey plants, including effects on root growth and phenology.

3.Short-term absence of snow reduced vascular plant cover in the understorey by 42%, reduced fine root biomass by 16%, reduced shoot growth by up to 53%, and induced tissue damage on two common dwarf shrubs. In the long-term manipulation, more substantial effects on understorey plant cover (92% reduced) and standing fine root biomass (39% reduced) were observed, whereas other response parameters, such as tissue damage, were observed less. Fine root growth was generally reduced, and its initiation delayed by c. 3 (short-term) to 6 weeks (long-term manipulation).

4.Synthesis We show that one extreme winter with a reduced snow cover can already induce ecologically significant alterations. We also show that long-term changes were smaller than suggested by an extrapolation of short-term manipulation results (using a constant proportional decline). In addition, some of those negative responses, such as frost damage and shoot growth, were even absolutely stronger in the short-term compared to the long-term manipulation. This suggests adaptation or survival of only those individuals that are able to cope with these extreme winter conditions, and that the short-term manipulation alone would over-predict long-term impacts. These results highlight both the ecological importance of snow cover in this boreal forest, and the value of combining short- and long-term experiments side by side in climate change research.

Other papers

Observed forest sensitivity to climate implies large changes in 21st century North American forest growth

An ecoregion assessment of projected tree species vulnerabilities in western North America through the 21st century

A risk-benefit model to simulate vegetation spring onset in response to multi-decadal climate variability: Theoretical basis and applications from the field to the Northern Hemisphere

Contrasting effects of summer and winter warming on body mass explain population dynamics in a food-limited Arctic herbivore

Vulnerability of stream community composition and function to projected thermal warming and hydrologic change across ecoregions in the western United States

Effects of permafrost thaw on nitrogen availability and plant-soil interactions in a boreal Alaskan lowland

Explaining inter-annual variability of gross primary productivity from plant phenology and physiology

Realized climate niche breadth varies with population trend and distribution in North American birds

Tracking lags in historical plant species’ shifts in relation to regional climate change

Multiple cues influence multiple traits in the phenotypically plastic melanization of the cabbage white butterfly

Richer histories for more relevant policies: 42 years of tree cover loss and gain in Southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia

Tracking the long-term responses of diatoms and cladocerans to climate warming and human influences across lakes of the Ring of Fire in the Far North of Ontario, Canada

Exposure to a heat wave under food limitation makes an agricultural insecticide lethal: a mechanistic laboratory experiment

Assessing European ecosystem stability to drought in the vegetation growing season

Phosphorus feedbacks may constrain tropical ecosystem responses to changes in atmospheric CO2 and climate

Simulated annual changes in plant functional types and their responses to climate change on the northern Tibetan Plateau

Earth science data records of global forest cover and change: Assessment of accuracy in 1990, 2000, and 2005 epochs

Climate change: consequences on the pollination of grasses in Perugia (Central Italy). A 33-year-long study

Tree demography dominates long-term growth trends inferred from tree rings

Advanced long-term bird banding and climate data mining in spring confirm passerine population declines for the Northeast Chinese-Russian flyway

Thermal growth potential of Atlantic cod by the end of the 21st century

Fern species richness and abundance are indicators of climate change on high-elevation islands: evidence from an elevational gradient on Tahiti (French Polynesia)

Achieving climate connectivity in a fragmented landscape

Global change and ecosystem connectivity: How geese link fields of central Europe to eutrophication of Arctic freshwaters

Herbivory and nutrient limitation protect warming tundra from lowland species’ invasion and diversity loss

Impacts of warming and elevated CO2 on a semi-arid grassland are non-additive, shift with precipitation, and reverse over time

Changes in Sahelian annual vegetation growth and phenology since 1960: A modeling approach

Growth and carbon relations of mature Picea abies trees under five years of free air CO2 enrichment

Assessment and prediction of the first-flowering dates for the major fruit trees in Korea using a multi-RCM ensemble

Dynamically downscaling predictions for deciduous tree leaf emergence in California under current and future climate

Infection risk decreases with increasing mismatch in host and pathogen environmental tolerances

Heat resistance throughout ontogeny: body size constrains thermal tolerance

Increased autumn rainfall disrupts predator-prey interactions in fragmented boreal forests

Bivalve aquaculture-environment interactions in the context of climate change

Flawed citation practices facilitate the unsubstantiated perception of a global trend toward increased jellyfish blooms

Posted in Global warming effects | 2 Comments »

New page in AGW Observer: New research

Posted by Ari Jokimäki on July 3, 2016

I have added a new page to the site. The page shows the latest research papers divided to different subjects. Later on there will be archive pages for each subject. The new papers in the new research front page will be occasionally gathered to a blog posts by subject, and after the post has been published the papers in question will be moved to the archive pages. This way the new research front page only shows the latest papers and you can check the older papers from the archive. I’m also going to add the papers from the old new research posts (from this date to the beginning of the feature in 2010) to the archive pages, but this will take quite a lot of time.

The new page will be updated quite frequently so if you don’t want to wait for the blog posts containing the new papers on each subject, you might want to check the new research page regularly.

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