AGW Observer

Observations of anthropogenic global warming

Carbon cycle

Papers from 2016 new research stream

Methane emissions proportional to permafrost carbon thawed in Arctic lakes since the 1950s (Anthony et al. 2016)

Rising Plant-mediated Methane Emissions from Arctic Wetlands (Andresen et al. 2016)

Enhanced carbon export to the abyssal depths driven by atmosphere dynamics (Pedrosa-Pàmies et al. 2016)

Partitioning uncertainty in ocean carbon uptake projections: Internal variability, emission scenario, and model structure (Lovenduski et al. 2016)

The sensitivity of soil respiration to soil temperature, moisture, and carbon supply at the global scale (Hursh et al. 2016)

Methane and carbon dioxide fluxes of a temperate mire in Central Europe (Fortuniak et al. 2016)

Airborne methane remote measurements reveal heavy-tail flux distribution in Four Corners region (Frankenberg et al. 2016)

Greenhouse gas emissions from natural ecosystems and agricultural lands in sub-Saharan Africa: synthesis of available data and suggestions for further research (Kim et al. 2016)

Peak season carbon exchange shifts from a sink to a source following 50+ years of herbivore exclusion in an Arctic tundra ecosystem (Lara et al. 2016)

Vegetation carbon sequestration in Chinese forests from 2010 to 2050 (He et al. 2016)

CH4 concentrations over the Amazon from GOSAT consistent with in situ vertical profile data (Webb et al. 2016)

CH4 exchanges of the natural ecosystems in China during the past three decades: the role of wetland extent and its dynamics (Wei & Wang, 2016)

Mesoscale modulation of air-sea CO2 flux in Drake Passage (Song et al. 2016)

Biomass turnover time in terrestrial ecosystems halved by land use (Erb et al. 2016)

Permafrost carbon as a missing link to explain CO 2 changes during the last deglaciation (Crichton et al. 2016)

High export via small particles before the onset of the North Atlantic spring bloom (Giering et al. 2016)

Inorganic carbon cycling and biogeochemical processes in an Arctic inland sea (Hudson Bay) (Burt et al. 2016)

Constrained partitioning of autotrophic and heterotrophic respiration reduces model uncertainties of forest ecosystem carbon fluxes but not stocks (Carbone et al. 2016)

Century-long increasing trend and variability of dissolved organic carbon export from the Mississippi River basin driven by natural and anthropogenic forcing (Ren et al. 2016)

Apparent winter CO2 uptake by a boreal forest due to decoupling (Jocher et al. 2016)

Over-estimating climate warming-induced methane gas escape from the seafloor by neglecting multi-phase flow dynamics (Stranne et al. 2016)

Strong regional atmospheric 14C signature of respired CO2 observed from a tall tower over the mid-western United States (LaFranchi et al. 2016)

Underestimation of boreal soil carbon stocks by mathematical soil carbon models linked to soil nutrient status (Ťupek et al. 2016)

Methane Emissions from global rice fields: Magnitude, spatio-temporal patterns and environmental controls (Zhang et al. 2016)

Modeling pCO2 variability in the Gulf of Mexico (Xue et al. 2016)

Sources of uncertainty in future projections of the carbon cycle (Hewitt et al. 2016)

Rapid carbon loss and slow recovery following permafrost thaw in boreal peatlands (Jones et al. 2016)

Ectomycorrhizal fungi slow soil carbon cycling (Averill & Hawkes, 2016)

Brazil’s Amazonian forest carbon: the key to Southern Amazonia’s significance for global climate (Fearnside, 2016)

Long-term drainage reduces CO2 uptake and increases CO2 emission on a Siberian floodplain due to shifts in vegetation community and soil thermal characteristics (Kwon et al. 2016)

Quantifying Peat Carbon Accumulation in Alaska Using a Process-Based Biogeochemistry Model (Wang et al. 2016)

Patterns of carbon processing at the seafloor: the role of faunal and microbial communities in moderating carbon flows (Woulds et al. 2016)

Informing climate models with rapid chamber measurements of forest carbon uptake (Metcalfe et al. 2016)

Direct and indirect effects of climatic variations on the interannual variability in net ecosystem exchange across terrestrial ecosystems (Shao et al. 2016)

Decadal and long-term boreal soil carbon and nitrogen sequestration rates across a variety of ecosystems (Manies et al. 2016)

Hotspots of gross emissions from the land use sector: patterns, uncertainties, and leading emission sources for the period 2000–2005 in the tropics (Roman-Cuesta et al. 2016)

Large net CO2 loss from a grass-dominated tropical savanna in south-central Brazil in response to seasonal and interannual drought (De Arruda et al. 2016)

How much CO2 is taken up by the European terrestrial biosphere? (Reuter et al. 2016)

Coastal-ocean uptake of anthropogenic carbon (Bourgeois et al. 2016)

Drivers of atmospheric methane uptake by montane forest soils in the southern Peruvian Andes (Jones et al. 2016)

Persistent high temperature and low precipitation reduce peat carbon accumulation (Delarue, 2016)

Methane oxidation in contrasting soil types: responses to experimental warming with implication for landscape-integrated CH4 budget (D’Imperio et al. 2016)

Seeing the forest not for the carbon: why concentrating on land-use-induced carbon stock changes of soils in Brazil can be climate-unfriendly (Boy et al. 2016)

Stability of grassland soil C and N pools despite 25 years of an extreme climatic and disturbance regime (Wilcox et al. 2016)

Regional carbon fluxes from land use and land cover change in Asia, 1980–2009 (Calle et al. 2016)

Carbon cycle responses of semi-arid ecosystems to positive asymmetry in rainfall (Haverd et al. 2016)

Impact of increasing inflow of warm Atlantic water on the sea-air exchange of carbon dioxide and methane in the Laptev Sea (Wåhlström et al. 2016)

Air-sea exchange of carbon dioxide in the Southern Ocean and Antarctic marginal ice zone (Butterworth & Miller, 2016)

Earlier snowmelt reduces atmospheric carbon uptake in mid-latitude subalpine forests (Winchell et al. 2016)

Four decades of modeling methane cycling in terrestrial ecosystems (Xu et al. 2016)

Using satellite-derived optical thickness to assess the influence of clouds on terrestrial carbon uptake

An investigation into linearity with cumulative emissions of the climate and carbon cycle response in HadCM3LC (open access)

How do carbon cycle uncertainties affect IPCC temperature projections? (open access)

The carbon cycle in Mexico: past, present and future of C stocks and fluxes (open access)

Climate-sensitive northern lakes and ponds are critical components of methane release

Biased sampling of methane release from northern lakes: A problem for extrapolation

Increased wintertime CO2 loss as a result of sustained tundra warming

Vascular plants promote ancient peatland carbon loss with climate warming

Carbon fluxes acclimate more strongly to elevated growth temperatures than to elevated CO2 concentrations in a northern conifer

Gradual and sustained carbon dioxide release during Aptian Oceanic Anoxic Event 1a

The Influence of Southern Ocean Winds on the North Atlantic Carbon Sink

Changing temperature response of respiration turns boreal forest from carbon sink into carbon source

The overlooked tropical oceanic CO2 sink

Holocene thermokarst sediments of the Yedoma permafrost region do not increase the northern peatland carbon pool (open access)

Deciphering ocean carbon in a changing world

Decrease in winter respiration explains 25% of the annual northern forest carbon sink enhancement over the last 30 years

Methane oxidation, biogenic carbon, and the IPCC’s emission metrics. Proposal for a consistent greenhouse-gas accounting

Climate-driven shifts in continental net primary production implicated as a driver of a recent abrupt increase in the land carbon sink (open access)

Age and climate contribution to observed forest carbon sinks in East Asia (open access)

The atmospheric partial lifetime of carbon tetrachloride with respect to the global soil sink

Is the subarctic landscape still a carbon sink? Evidence from a detailed catchment balance

Winter precipitation and snow accumulation drive the methane sink or source strength of Arctic tussock tundra

Older papers


Carbon balance of UK peatlands: current state of knowledge and future research challenges (Billett et al. 2011)
Impact of gully erosion on carbon sequestration in blanket peatlands (Evans & Lindsay, 2011)
Increases in humic dissolved organic carbon export from upland peat catchments: the role of temperature, declining sulphur deposition and changes in land management (Yallop et al. 2011)
Estimating changes in Scottish soil carbon stocks using ECOSSE. I. Model description and uncertainties (Smith et al. 2011)
Estimating changes in Scottish soil carbon stocks using ECOSSE. II. Application (Smith et al. 2011)
The MILLENNIA peat cohort model: predicting past, present and future soil carbon budgets and fluxes under changing climates in peatlands (Heinemeyer et al. 2011)
Model inter-comparison between statistical and dynamic model assessments of the long-term stability of blanket peat in Great Britain (1940-2099) (Clark et al. 2011)


Vertical and horizontal variation of carbon pools and fluxes in soil profile of wet southern taiga in European Russia (Šantrůčková et al. 2010)


Comparison of regional and ecosystem CO2 fluxes (Gryning et al. 2009)
Carbon dioxide exchange on a northern boreal fen (Aurela et al. 2009)
Long-term measurements of the carbon balance of a boreal Scots pine dominated forest ecosystem (Ilvesniemi et al. 2009)
CO2 exchange and component CO2 fluxes of a boreal Scots pine forest (Kolari et al. 2009)


Development of Finnish peatland area and carbon storage 1950–2000 (Turunen 2008)
Fluxes of dissolved organic carbon in stand throughfall and percolation water in 12 boreal coniferous stands on mineral soils in Finland (Lindroos et al. 2008)
Water-extractable organic compounds in different components of the litter layer of boreal coniferous forest soils along a climatic gradient (Hilli et al. 2008)
The costs of monitoring changes in forest soil carbon stocks (Mäkipää et al. 2008)


High soil carbon efflux rates in several ecosystems in southern Sweden (Tagesson & Lindrot 2007)
Methods for determining emission factors for the use of peat and peatlands — flux measurements and modelling (Alm et al. 2007)
Annual CO2 and CH4 fluxes of pristine boreal mires as a background for the lifecycle analyses of peat energy (Saarnio et al. 2007)
Heterotrophic soil respiration in forestry-drained peatlands (Minkkinen at al. 2007)
Tree stand volume as a scalar for methane fluxes in forestry-drained peatlands in Finland (Minkkinen at al. 2007)
Greenhouse gas emissions from cultivated and abandoned organic croplands in Finland (Maljanen et al. 2007)
Carbon dioxide exchange above a 30-year-old Scots pine plantation established on organic-soil cropland (Lohila et al. 2007)
Soil greenhouse gas emissions from afforested organic soil croplands and cutaway peatlands (Mäkiranta et al. 2007)
Carbon gas exchange of a re-vegetated cut-away peatland five decades after abandonment (Yli-Petäys et al. 2007)
Emission factors and their uncertainty for the exchange of CO2, CH4 and N2O in Finnish managed peatlands (Alm et al. 2007)
Nitrogen pools and C:N ratios in well-drained Nordic forest soils related to climate and soil texture (Callesen et al. 2007)


Vertical distribution of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) in the Mediterranean Sea (Santinelli et al. 2006)
Methane fluxes at the sediment–water interface in some boreal lakes and reservoirs (Huttunen et al. 2006)
Spring in the boreal environment: observations on pre- and post-melt energy and CO2 fluxes in two central Siberian ecosystems (Arneth et al. 2006)


Impacts of urbanization on land-atmosphere carbon exchange within a metropolitan area in the USA (Diem et al. 2005)
Eddy covariance measurements of CO2 and sensible and latent heat fluxes during a full year in a boreal pine forest trunk-space (Launiainen et al. 2005)


Effects of climate and land use on landscape soil respiration in northern Wisconsin, USA: 1972 to 2001 (Zheng et al. 2004)
Soil CO2 efflux from a podzolic forest soil before and after forest clear-cutting and site preparation (Pumpanen et al. 2004)


Dynamic responses of African ecosystem carbon cycling to climate change (Cao et al. 2001)
Parametrization of a biochemical CO2 exchange model for birch (Betula pendula Roth.) (Aalto & Juurola 2001)


A model analysis of the relationship between climate perturbations and carbon budget anomalies in global terrestrial ecosystems: 1970 to 1997 (Ito & Oikawa, 2000)
Predicting variations in methane emissions from boreal peatlands through regression models (Kettunen et al. 2000)


Impacts of climate change on net productivity of coastal waters: implications for carbon budget and hypoxia (Justic et al. 1997)
Uncertainty and sensitivity in global carbon cycle modelling (Parkinson & Young, 1997)
Estimating the terrestrial carbon pools of the former Soviet Union, conterminous U.S., and Brazil (Turner et al. 1997)


A prognostic phenology scheme for global terrestrial carbon cycle models (Kaduk & Heimann, 1996)
Methane budget determined at the ground and water surface level in various ecosystems in Shiga Prefecture, central Japan (Kagotani et al. 1996)
Factors affecting the summer carbon dioxide budget of subarctic wetland tundra (Burton et al. 1996)


Carbon dioxide sequestration in terrestrial ecosystems (Wisniewski et al. 1993)
Constructing a seasonal carbon balance for a forest ecosystem (Cropper & Gholz, 1993)
Carbon balance of the continuous permafrost zone of Russia (Kolchugina & Vinson, 1993)
Carbon sequestration in tropical Asia: an assessment of technically suitable forest lands using geographic information systems analysis (Iverson et al. 1993)
Carbon storage in agroforestry: an estimate for sub-Saharan Africa (Unruh et al. 1993)
Agroforestry systems: integrated land use to store and conserve carbon (Schroeder, 1993)
Conceptual approaches for incorporating climatic change into the development of forest management options for sequestering carbon (King, 1993)
Forest management and the economics of carbon storage: the nonfinancial component (Winjum & Lewis, 1993)

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