AGW Observer

Observations of anthropogenic global warming

Forcings & Feedbacks

Papers from New research stream


The Effects of Ocean Heat Uptake on Transient Climate Sensitivity (Rose & Rayborn, 2016)

Understanding Climate Feedbacks and Sensitivity Using Observations of Earth’s Energy Budget (Loeb et al. 2016)

Insights from a Refined Decomposition of Cloud Feedbacks (Zelinka et al. 2016)

Rapid systematic assessment of the detection and attribution of regional anthropogenic climate change (Stone & Hansen, 2016)

One Year of Downwelling Spectral Radiance Measurements from 100 to 1400 cm−1 at Dome-Concordia: Results in Clear Conditions (Rizzi et al. 2016)

Dependence of global radiative feedbacks on evolving patterns of surface heat fluxes (Rugenstein et al. 2016)

Understanding the varied influence of mid-latitude jet position on clouds and cloud-radiative effects in observations and global climate models (Grise & Medeiros, 2016)

Effect of land cover change on snow free surface albedo across the continental United States (Wickham et al. 2016)

Forced response and internal variability of summer climate over western North America (Kamae et al. 2016)

Detection and attribution of climate change at regional scale: case study of Karkheh river basin in the west of Iran (Zohrabi et al. 2016)

Atmospheric lifetimes, infrared absorption spectra, radiative forcings and global warming potentials of NF3 and CF3CF2Cl (CFC-115) (Totterdill et al. 2016)

A long-term study of aerosol–cloud interactions and their radiative effect at the Southern Great Plains using ground-based measurements (Sena et al. 2016)

Detection of dimming/brightening in Italy from homogenized all-sky and clear-sky surface solar radiation records and underlying causes (1959–2013) (Manara et al. 2016)

Effects of 20–100 nm particles on liquid clouds in the clean summertime Arctic (Leaitch et al. 2016)

Assessment of the first indirect radiative effect of ammonium-sulfate-nitrate aerosols in East Asia (Han et al. 2016)

Sensitivity of precipitation extremes to radiative forcing of greenhouse gases and aerosols (Lin et al. 2016)

Global climate forcing of aerosols embodied in international trade (Lin et al. 2016)

Reprocessing of HIRS Satellite Measurements from 1980-2015: Development Towards a Consistent Decadal Cloud Record (Menzel et al. 2016)

Radiative Forcing from Anthropogenic Sulfur and Organic Emissions Reaching the Stratosphere (Yu et al. 2016)

Near miss: the importance of the natural atmospheric CO2 concentration to human historical evolution (Archer, 2016)

Long-Term Variations of Noctilucent Clouds at ALOMAR (Fiedler et al. 2016)

Estimating Arctic sea-ice shortwave albedo from MODIS data (Qu et al. 2016)

Surface albedo raise in the South American Chaco: Combined effects of deforestation and agricultural changes (Houspanossian et al. 2016)

New Observational Evidence for a Positive Cloud Feedback that Amplifies the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (Bellomo et al. 2016)

Surface water and heat exchange comparison between alpine meadow and bare land in a permafrost region of the Tibetan Plateau (You et al. 2016)

foF2 vs Solar Indices for the Rome station: looking for the best general relation which is able to describe the anomalous minimum between cycles 23 and 24 (Perna & Pezzopane, 2016)

Comparison of Methods: Attributing the 2014 record European temperatures to human influences (Uhe et al. 2016)

Relevance of long term time – series of atmospheric parameters at a mountain observatory to models for climate change (Kancírová et al. 2016)

An energy balance perspective on regional CO2-induced temperature changes in CMIP5 models (Räisänen, 2016)

The Spectral Signature of Recent Climate Change (Brindley & Bantges, 2016)

Deep time evidence for climate sensitivity increase with warming (Shaffer et al. 2016)

Insights into Earth’s energy imbalance from multiple sources (Trenberth et al. 2016)

Assessing the Radiative Effects of Global Ice Clouds Based on CloudSat and CALIPSO Measurements (Hong et al. 2016)

Giant natural fluctuation models and anthropogenic warming (Lovejoy et al. 2016)

Constraining the low-cloud optical depth feedback at middle and high latitudes using satellite observations (Terai et al. 2016)

Assessing the Radiative Effects of Global Ice Clouds Based on CloudSat and CALIPSO Measurements (Hong et al. 2016)

Which way will the circulation shift in a changing climate? Possible nonlinearity of extratropical cloud feedbacks (Tandon & Cane, 2016)

Regional and global temperature response to anthropogenic SO2 emissions from China in three climate models (Kasoar et al. 2016)

Effective radiative forcing from historical land use change (Andrews et al. 2016)

Reassessing properties and radiative forcing of contrail cirrus using a climate model (Bock & Burkhardt, 2016)

Could the Pliocene constrain the equilibrium climate sensitivity? (Hargreaves & Annan, 2016)

Influence of snow cover changes on surface radiation and heat balance based on the WRF model (Yu et al. 2016)

A sensitivity study of the impact of dynamic vegetation on simulated future climate change over Southern Europe and the Mediterranean (Alo & Anagnostou, 2016)

A satellite-based 13-year climatology of net cloud radiative forcing over the Indian monsoon region (Saud et al. 2016)

Separating climate change signals into thermodynamic, lapse-rate and circulation effects: theory and application to the European summer climate (Kröner et al. 2016)

Early global radiation measurements: a review

Aerosol types and radiative forcing estimates over East Asia

Solar irradiance observed at Summit, Greenland: Possible links to magnetic activity on short timescales

Limits to global and Australian temperature change this century based on expert judgment of climate sensitivity

Indirect Forcing of Black carbon on Clouds over North East India

Contrasting radiation and soil heat fluxes in Arctic shrub and wet sedge tundra

Aerosol radiative effects under clear skies over Europe and their changes in the period of 2001–2012

Review of Aerosol-Cloud Interactions: Mechanisms, Significance and Challenges

Inference of Climate Sensitivity from Analysis of Earth’s Energy Budget

Impact of absorbing aerosol deposition on snow albedo reduction over the southern Tibetan plateau based on satellite observations

Spatiotemporal characteristics of ultraviolet radiation in recent 54 years from measurements and reconstructions over the Tibetan Plateau

The whole-atmosphere response to changes in the Earth’s magnetic field from 1900 to 2000: an example of “top-down” vertical coupling

Strong modification of stratospheric ozone forcing by cloud and sea-ice adjustments

Evaluation of the Arctic surface radiation budget in CMIP5 models

Climate Feedback Variance and the Interaction of Aerosol Forcing and Feedbacks

Older papers


Effects of land use changes on climate in the Greater Horn of Africa (Otieno & Anyah, 2012)
Radiative and climatic effects of dust over West Africa, as simulated by a regional climate model (Solmon et al. 2012)
Regional climate feedback of anthropogenic aerosols over Europe using RegCM3 (Zanis et al. 2012)


Anthropic land use causes summer cooling in -Central Europe (Zampieri & Lionello, 2011)
Radiative transfer simulations link boreal forest structure and shortwave albedo (Rautiainen et al. 2011)


Modelling the effects of land-cover changes on surface climate in the Mediterranean region (Anav et al. 2010)


Effects of total aerosol on temperature and precipitation in East Asia (Wu et al. 2009)
Is greenhouse gas forcing a plausible explanation for the observed warming in the Baltic Sea catchment area? (Bhend & von Storch 2009)





Evaluation of an improved daily solar radiation generator for the southeastern USA (Garcia et al. 2005)
Cloud occurrence and cloud properties in Ecuador (Bendix et al. 2005)
Feedback processes between climate, surface and vegetation at the northern climatological tree-line (Finnish Lapland) (Vajda & Venäläinen 2005)


Assessment of solar radiation models and temporal averaging schemes in predicting radiation and cotton production in the southern United States (Richardson & Reddy, 2004)
Surface energy balance characteristics of a heterogeneous urban ballast facet (Weber & Kuttler, 2004)


Statistical separation of observed global and European climate data into natural and anthropogenic signals (Staeger et al. 2003)
Comment on Soon et al. (2001) ‘Modeling climatic effects of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions: unknowns and uncertainties’ (Karoly et al. 2003)
Modeling climatic effects of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions: unknowns and uncertainties. Reply to Karoly et al. (2003) (Soon et al. 2003)
Impact of varying the complexity of the land surface energy balance on the sensitivity of the Australian climate to increasing carbon dioxide (Pitman & McAvaney, 2003)
Estimation of different forest-related contributions to the radiative balance using observations in southern Finland (Kurtén et al. 2003)
A cloud microphysics model including trace gas condensation and sulfate chemistry (Kokkola et al. 2003)


Characterisation of the shortwave radiation regime for locations at different altitudes in south-west Germany (Iziomon & Mayer, 2002)
Comment on Soon et al. (2001) ‘Modeling climatic effects of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions: unknowns and uncertainties’ (Risbey, 2002)
Modeling climatic effects of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions: unknowns and uncertainties. Reply to Risbey (2002) (Soon et al. 2002)
Variations of erythemal ultraviolet irradiance and dose at Tartu/Tõravere, Estonia (Eerme et al. 2002)
Cloud observations and modeling within the European BALTEX Cloud Liquid Water Network (Crewell et al. 2002)
The satellite derived surface radiation budget for BALTEX (Hollmann & Gratzki 2002)
Surface radiant and energy flux densities inferred from satellite data for the BALTEX watershed (Berger 2002)


Climatic effects of land cover change at different carbon dioxide levels (Zhao et al. 2001)
A GCM study of climate change induced by deforestation in Africa (Semazzi & Song, 2001)
Modeling climatic effects of anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions: unknowns and uncertainties (Soon et al. 2001)


A protocol to articulate and quantify uncertainties in climate change detection and attribution (Risbey et al. 2000)


Regional climatic warming and associated twentieth century land-cover changes in north-western North America (Skinner & Majorowicz, 1999)
On the influence of peatland draining on local climate (Venäläinen et al. 1999)


CO2-induced global warming: a skeptic’s view of potential climate change (Idso, 1998)
Mean long-term surface energy balance components in Finland during the summertime (Venäläinen et al. 1998)



Influence of tree cover on summertime surface energy balance fluxes, San Gabriel Valley, Los Angeles (Grimmond et al. 1996)
A space-time stochastic climatological approach to daily global solar radiation (Matyasovszky & Bogardi, 1996)





Different methods for separating diffuse and direct components of solar radiation and their application in crop growth models (Bindi et al. 1992)
Validation of a rediation model for estimation of longwave net radiation at the surface (Gonima, 1992)
Incident solar radiation simulated by general circulation models for the southwestern United States (Brazel et al. 1992)



Estimating daily global radiation from air temperature and rainfall measurements (Bindi & Miglietta, 1990)
Transient climate response to solar irradiance: reconstruction for the last 120 years (Gérard & Hauglustaine, 1990)

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