AGW Observer

Observations of anthropogenic global warming


Papers from New research stream


Climate impacts on multidecadal pCO2 variability in the North Atlantic: 1948–2009 (open access)

A reversal of climatic trends in the North Atlantic since 2005

Decadal to centennial variability of salinity in the Baltic Sea

A new perspective on global mean sea-level (GMSL) acceleration

Ocean acidification over the next three centuries using a simple global climate carbon-cycle model: projections and sensitivities (Hartin et al. 2016)

Anthropogenic and climate-driven water depletion in Asia (Yi et al. 2016)

Are long tide gauge records in the wrong place to measure global mean sea level rise? (Thompson et al. 2016)

Development of a 0.5 deg global monthly raining day product from 1901-2010 (Stillman & Zeng, 2016)

Detection and delineation of glacial lakes and identification of potentially dangerous lakes of Dhauliganga basin in the Himalaya by remote sensing techniques (Jha & Khare, 2016)

Extreme hydrological changes in the southwestern US drive reductions in water supply to Southern California by mid century (Pagán et al. 2016)

Regionalizing Africa: Patterns of Precipitation Variability in Observations and Global Climate Models (Badr et al. 2016)

Evidencing decadal and interdecadal hydroclimatic variability over the Central Andes (Segura et al. 2016)

The uncertainties and causes of the recent changes in global evapotranspiration from 1982 to 2010 (Dong & Dai, 2016)

Spatial pattern of reference evapotranspiration change and its temporal evolution over Southwest China (Sun et al. 2016)

Climate change in the Blue Nile Basin Ethiopia: implications for water resources and sediment transport (Wagena et al. 2016)

Rainfall in Qatar: Is it changing? (Mamoon & Rahman, 2016)

Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) Mission Products and Services at the NASA Goddard Earth Sciences (GES) Data and Information Services Center (DISC) (Liu et al. 2016)

A multi-satellite climatology of clouds, radiation and precipitation in southern West Africa and comparison to climate models (Hill et al. 2016)

Detection, Attribution and Projection of Regional Rainfall Changes on (Multi-) Decadal Time Scales: A Focus on Southeastern South America (Zhang et al. 2016)

Which weather systems are projected to cause future changes in mean and extreme precipitation in CMIP5 simulations? (Utsumi et al. 2016)

Out-phased decadal precipitation regime shift in China and the United States (Yang & Fu, 2016)

Forcing of recent decadal variability in the Equatorial and North Indian Ocean (Thompson et al. 2016)

Proxy-based reconstruction of surface water acidification and carbonate saturation of the Levant Sea during the Anthropocene (Bialik & Sisma-Ventura, 2016)

Understanding decreases in land relative humidity with global warming: conceptual model and GCM simulations (Byrne & O’Gorman, 2016)

Spatial trend analysis of Hawaiian rainfall from 1920 to 2012 (Frazier & Giambelluca, 2016)

Mapping of West Siberian taiga wetland complexes using Landsat imagery: implications for methane emissions (Terentieva et al. 2016)

Wind driven mixing at intermediate depths in an ice-free Arctic Ocean (Lincoln et al. 2016)

Seasonal Evolution of Supraglacial Lakes on an East Antarctic Outlet Glacier (Langley et al. 2016)

Temperature-salinity structure of the North Atlantic circulation and associated heat and freshwater transports (Xu et al. 2016)

Eustatic and Relative Sea Level Changes (Rovere et al. 2016)

A mechanism for the response of the zonally asymmetric subtropical hydrologic cycle to global warming (Levine & Boos, 2016)

Quantifying the contribution of glacier-melt water in the expansion of the largest lake in Tibet (Tong et al. 2016)

Anthropogenic aerosol emissions and rainfall decline in South-West Australia: coincidence or causality? (Heinzeller et al. 2016)

Comparison of Global Precipitation Estimates across a Range of Temporal and Spatial Scales (Gehne et al. 2016)

Stable reconstruction of Arctic sea level for the 1950–2010 period (Svendsen et al. 2016)

Lake Vanda: A sentinel for climate change in the McMurdo Sound Region of Antarctica (Castendyk et al. 2016)

Ocean acidification in the subpolar North Atlantic: rates and mechanisms controlling pH changes (García-Ibáñez et al. 2016)

Uncertainty in the Himalayan energy–water nexus: estimating regional exposure to glacial lake outburst floods (Schwanghart et al. 2016)

Temporal and spatial variability of rainfall over Greece (Markonis et al. 2016)

The marine hydrological cycle: the Ocean’s floods and droughts (Gordon, 2016)

The Contribution of Glacial Isostatic Adjustment to Projections of Sea Level Change Along the Atlantic and Gulf Coasts of North America (Love et al. 2016)

Modeled ecohydrological responses to climate change at seven small watersheds in the northeastern U.S (Pourmokhtarian et al. 2016)

Data-model comparison of temporal variability in long-term time series of large-scale soil moisture (Verrot & Destouni, 2016)

February drying in southeast Brazil and the Australian monsoon: Global mechanism for a regional rainfall feature (Kelly & Mapes, 2016)

Monotonic trends in spatio-temporal distribution and concentration of monsoon precipitation (1901–2002), West Bengal, India (Chatterjee et al. 2016)

The Curious Nature of the Hemispheric Symmetry of the Earth’s Water and Energy Balances (Stephens et al. 2016)

Aragonite saturation states and pH in western Norwegian fjords: seasonal cycles and controlling factors, 2005–2009 (Omar et al. 2016)

Elevation change and the vulnerability of Rhode Island (USA) salt marshes to sea-level rise (Raposa et al. 2016)

Precipitation sensitivity to warming estimated from long island records (Polson et al. 2016)

Stomatal response to humidity and CO2 implicated in recent decline in U.S. evaporation (Rigden & Salvucci, 2016)

International energy trade impacts on water resource crises: an embodied water flows perspective (Zhang et al. 2016)

Statistical analyses of potential evapotranspiration changes over the period 1930–2012 in the Nile River riparian countries (Onyutha, 2016)

The influence from the shrinking cryosphere and strengthening evopotranspiration on hydrologic process in a cold basin, Qilian Mountains (Zongxing et al. 2016)

Enhanced summer convective rainfall at Alpine high elevations in response to climate warming (Giorgi et al. 2016)

Assessing the impact of vertical land motion on 20th century global mean sea level estimates (Hamlington et al. 2016)

No observed effect of ocean acidification on nitrogen biogeochemistry in a summer Baltic Sea plankton community (Paul et al. 2016)

Snowmelt Rate Dictates Streamflow (Barnhart et al. 2016)

Impacts of open-ocean deep convection in the Weddell Sea on coastal and bottom water temperature (Wang et al. 2016)

Intensification of upwelling along Oman coast in a Warming Scenario (Praveen et al. 2016)

Ocean acidification affects marine chemical communication by changing structure and function of peptide signalling molecules (Roggatz et al. 2016)

Older papers


Future climate and changes in flow patterns in Czech headwater catchments (Benčoková et al. 2012)
Precipitation isotope characteristics and climatic controls at a continental and an island site in ­Northeast Asia (Liu et al. 2012)
Changes in summer monsoon rainfall in the Upper Chao Phraya River Basin, Thailand (Singhrattna & Singh Babel, 2012)
Circulation patterns of regional mean daily ­precipitation extremes over the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River during the boreal summer (Guan et al. 2012)
Inhomogeneous distributions of Meiyu rainfall in the Jiang-Huai basin, and associated circulation patterns (Wang et al. 2012)
Sources of moisture for China and their variations during drier and ­wetter conditions in 2000−2004: a Lagrangian approach (Drumond et al. 2012)
Alternative model for precipitation probability ­distribution: application to Spain (Moncho et al. 2012)
Influence of atmospheric modes of variability on a deep lake south of the Alps (Salmaso, 2012)
Rio Grande and Rio Conchos water supply variability over the past 500 years (Woodhouse et al. 2012)
Climate change scenarios and potential impacts on water availability in northern Mexico (Magaña et al. 2012)
Downscaling of weather generator parameters to quantify hydrological impacts of climate change (Chen et al. 2012)
Effect of sea level extremes on the western Basque coast during the 21st century (Marcos et al. 2012)
Sensitivity of seasonal climate and diurnal ­precipitation over Central America to land and sea surface schemes in RegCM4 (Diro et al. 2012)
Uncertainties in monsoon precipitation projections over China: results from two high-resolution RCM simulations (Gao et al. 2012)
Hydro-economic consequences of climate change in the upper Rio Grande (Hurd & Coonrod, 2012)
Variability in temperature, precipitation and river discharge in the Baltic States (Kriauciuniene et al. 2012)
Comparison of several climate indices as inputs in modelling of the Baltic Sea runoff (Hänninen & Vuorinen 2012)


Large-scale atmospheric dynamics of the wet winter 2009–2010 and its impact on hydrology in Portugal (Andrade et al. 2011)
Rainfall variability in ecosystem CO2 flux studies (Hao et al. 2011)
Hydro-meteorological trends in the upper Indus River basin in Pakistan (Khattak et al. 2011)
Effects of climate change on water resources in China (Wang & Zhang, 2011)
Changes in precipitation with climate change (Trenberth, 2011)
Precipitation changes on the Polish coast of the Baltic Sea (1954–2003) due to changes in intensity of westerlies over Europe (Świątek, 2011)
Climate change impacts on river runoff in Latvia (Apsīte et al. 2011)
Characterization of the atmospheric component of the winter hydrological cycle in the Galicia/North Portugal Euro-region: a Lagrangian approach (Drumond et al. 2011)
Upwelling along the western coast of the Iberian Peninsula: dependence of trends on fitting strategy (Santos et al. 2011)
Thermohaline measurements in the continental shelf zone of the NW Iberian Peninsula, 1994-2006 (Gago et al. 2011)
Evolution of upwelling systems coupled to the long-term variability in sea surface temperature and Ekman transport (Pardo et al. 2011)
Climate change impacts on coastal and pelagic environments in the southeastern Bay of Biscay (Chust et al. 2011)
Characteristics and variability of the vertical thermohaline structure in the Gulf of Finland in summer (Liblik & Lips 2011)
Wind forced currents over the shallow Naissaar Bank in the Gulf of Finland (Lilover et al. 2011)
Remote sensing based estimates of surface wetness conditions and growing degree days over northern Alberta, Canada (Akther & Hassan 2011)
Wave hindcast statistics in the seasonally ice-covered Baltic Sea (Tuomi et al. 2011)


Characteristics of the dry/wet trend over arid central Asia over the past 100 years (Wang et al. 2010)
Geographical and climatic effects on precipitation and pan evaporation (Rim, 2010)
Precipitation trends in Spanish hydrological divisions, 1946–2005 (Gonzalez-Hidalgo et al. 2010)
A universal multifractal description applied to precipitation patterns of the Ebro River Basin, Spain (Valencia et al. 2010)
Responses of reference evapotranspiration to changes in atmospheric humidity and air temperature in Spain (Moratiel et al. 2010)
Exploring metrics of extreme daily precipitation in a large ensemble of regional climate model simulations (Lenderink, 2010)
Deriving an effective lake depth from satellite lake surface temperature data: a feasibility study with MODIS data (Balsamo et al. 2010)
First steps of a Lake Model Intercomparison Project: LakeMIP (Stepanenko et al. 2010)
Applicability of the FLake model to Lake Balaton (Vörös et al. 2010)
Depth induced breaking of wind generated surface gravity waves in Estonian coastal waters (Alari & Raudsepp 2010)
Validation of three-dimensional hydrodynamic models of the Gulf of Finland (Myrberg et al. 2010)


Downscaling experiment for the Venice lagoon. I.Validation of the present-day precipitation climatology (Salon et al. 2009)
Downscaling experiment for the Venice lagoon. II. Effects of changes in precipitation on biogeochemical properties (Cossarini et al. 2009)
Effects of local and global change on an inland sea: the Strait of Georgia, British Columbia, Canada (Johannessen & Macdonald, 2009)
Simulating streamflow response to climate scenarios in central Canada using a simple statistical downscaling method (Choi et al. 2009)
Sensitivity of Baltic Sea deep water salinity and oxygen concentration to variations in physical forcing (Gustafsson & Omstedt 2009)
Regionalisation of the precipitation pattern in the Baltic Sea drainage basin and its dependence on large-scale atmospheric circulation (Jaagus 2009)
Diurnal variability of precipitable water in the Baltic region, impact on transmittance of the direct solar radiation (Jakobson et al. 2009)
Water budget in the Baltic Sea drainage basin: Evaluation of simulated fluxes in a regional climate model (Lind & Kjellström 2009)
Future trends and variability of the hydrological cycle in different IPCC SRES emission scenarios — a case study for the Baltic Sea region (Jacob & Lorenz 2009)
Changes in the water budget in the Baltic Sea drainage basin in future warmer climates as simulated by the regional climate model RCA3 (Kjellström & Lind 2009)
Long-term temperature and salinity records from the Baltic Sea transition zone (Madsen & Højerslev 2009)
Highlights of the physical oceanography of the Gulf of Finland reflecting potential climate changes (Soomere et al. 2009)
Recurrence of heavy precipitation, dry spells and deep snow cover in Finland based on observations (Venäläinen et al. 2009)
Dependence of upwelling-mediated nutrient transport on wind forcing, bottom topography and stratification in the Gulf of Finland: Model experiments (Laanemets et al. 2009)
Atmospheric input of nitrogen to the Baltic Sea basin: present situation, variability due to meteorology and impact of climate change (Langner et al. 2009)
Upwelling characteristics derived from satellite sea surface temperature data in the Gulf of Finland, Baltic Sea (Uiboupin & Laanemets 2009)
Temporal variations in surface water CO2 concentration in a boreal humic lake based on high-frequency measurements (Huotari et al. 2009)
Temperature and humidity characteristics of two willow stands, a peaty meadow and a drained pasture and their impact on landscape functioning (Brom & Pokorny 2009)


Influence of atmospheric modes on coastal upwelling along the western coast of the Iberian Peninsula, 1985 to 2005 (deCastro et al. 2008)
Climatological characteristics of summer precipitation in Helsinki during the period 1951–2000 (Kilpeläinen et al. 2008)


Hydrologic impacts of climate change in the Upper Clackamas River Basin, Oregon, USA (Graves & Chang, 2007)
Regionalization and trends in winter precipitation in the northwestern USA (Miller & Goodrich, 2007)
Modelling future water environments of Tasmania, Australia (Nunez & McGregor, 2007)
GCM grid-box choice and predictor selection associated with statistical downscaling of daily precipitation over Northern Ireland (Crawford et al. 2007)
Statistical downscaling of precipitation through nonhomogeneous stochastic weather typing (Vrac et al. 2007)
Estimation of a large quantile of the distribution of multi-day seasonal maximum rainfall: the value of stochastic simulation of long-duration sequences (Buishand, 2007)
Potential changes in Korean water resources estimated by high-resolution climate simulation (Bae et al. 2007)
Estimating future runoff levels for a semi-arid fluvial system in central Arizona, USA (Ellis et al. 2007)
Meteorological features behind spring runoff formation in the Nemunas River (Stankunavicius et al. 2007)
Impact of climate change on Estonian coastal and inland wetlands — a summary with new results (Kont et al. 2007)


Defining dry/wet spells for point observations, observed area averages, and regional climate model gridboxes in Europe (Bärring et al. 2006)
Anomalous Po River flood event effects on sediments and the water column of the northwestern Adriatic Sea (Frascari et al. 2006)
Short-term physical and chemical variations in the bottom water of middle Adriatic depressions (Marini et al. 2006)
Ventilation of deep waters in the Adriatic and Ionian Seas following changes in thermohaline circulation of the Eastern Mediterranean (Manca et al. 2006)
Interannual variability in dry and wet spell characteristics over Zambia (Hachigonta & Reason, 2006)
Influence of teleconnection patterns on precipitation variability and on river flow regimes in the Miño River basin (NW Iberian Peninsula) (deCastro et al. 2006)
Spatial and temporal variability of precipitation in East China from 1880 to 1999 (Qian et al. 2006)
Sea level variability at the Lithuanian coast of the Baltic Sea (Dailidiene et al. 2006)
Past and future changes in sea level near the Estonian coast in relation to changes in wind climate (Suursaar et al. 2006)


Estimation of areal precipitation for runoff modelling using wind data: a case study in Sweden (Johansson & Chen, 2005)
The NAO signal in daily rainfall series over the Iberian Peninsula (Gallego et al. 2005)
Typology of pentad circulation anomalies over the Eastern Africa–Western Indian Ocean region, and their relationship with rainfall (Pohl et al. 2005)
Spatial interpolation of weekly rainfall depth in the dry zone of Sri Lanka (Jayawardene et al. 2005)
Wind wave statistics in Tallinn Bay (Soomere 2005)


Wet and dry spells within particularly wet and dry summers in the South African summer rainfall region (Cook et al. 2004)
Downscaling of GCM scenarios to assess precipitation changes in the little rainy season (March-June) in Cameroon (Penlap et al. 2004)
Differential impacts of climate change on the hydrology of two alpine river basins (Jasper et al. 2004)
Diurnal cycle of rainfall over the Brazilian Amazon (Angelis et al. 2004)
Dry spell frequencies and their variability over southern Africa (Usman & Reason, 2004)
Southwest Australia past and future rainfall trends (Timbal, 2004)
Growing-season moisture variability in the eastern USA during the last 800 years (Quiring, 2004)
Simulated sea level in past and future climates of the Baltic Sea (Meier et al. 2004)
Sensitivity of Baltic Sea salinity to large perturbations in climate (Gustafsson, 2004)
Detecting hydrological landscapes over the Bay of Biscay continental shelf in spring (Planque et al. 2004)
Performance of NCEP-NCAR reanalysis variables in statistical downscaling of daily precipitation (Cavazos & Hewitson, 2004)
Validation of a coupled GCM and projection of summer rainfall change over South Africa, using a statistical downscaling method (Zhao et al. 2004)
Comparison of the Thornthwaite method and pan data with the standard Penman-Monteith estimates of reference evapotranspiration in China (Chen et al. 2004)
Experimental seasonal forecasts of low summer flows in the River Thames, UK, using Expert Systems (Wedgbrow et al. 2004)
Individual seasonality index of rainfall regimes in Greece (Livada & Asimakopoulos, 2004)
Forecasting local daily precipitation patterns in a climate change scenario (Abaurrea & Asín, 2004)
Influence of topography on monthly rainfall distribution over East Africa (Oettli & Camberlin, 2004)
Scenarios for sea level on the Finnish coast (Johansson et al. 2004)
Patterns of coherent dynamics within and between lake districts at local to intercontinental scales (Magnuson et al. 2004)
The influence of the North Atlantic Oscillation on the winter characteristics of Windermere (UK) and Pääjärvi (Finland) (George et al. 2004)
Reflection of the changes of the North Atlantic Oscillation Index and the Gulf Stream Position Index in the hydrology and phytoplankton of Võrtsjärv, a large, shallow lake in Estonia (Nõges 2004)


El Niño signals contained in precipitation at the East China Sea (Chang et al. 2003)
Is there a link between the unusually wet autumns in southeastern Norway and sea-surface temperature anomalies? (Benestad & Melsom, 2003)
Climatic controls on the stable isotopic composition of precipitation in Northeast Asia (Lee et al. 2003)
Application of daily rainfall principal component analysis to the assessment of the rainy season characteristics in Senegal (Camberlin & Diop, 2003)
Multi-site simulation of precipitation by conditional resampling (Wilby et al. 2003)
Analysis of wintertime atmospheric moisture transport and its variability over southern Europe in the NCEP Reanalyses (Fernández et al. 2003)
Assessing future discharge of the river Rhine using regional climate model integrations and a hydrological model (Shabalova et al. 2003)
Role of orography in the spatial distribution of precipitation over the Spanish Mediterranean zone (Sotillo et al. 2003)
Impacts of global warming on changes in the East Asian monsoon and the related river discharge in a global time-slice experiment (Bueh et al. 2003)
Patterns of seasonal maximum snow-water equivalent over the Northern Great Plains of the United States analyzed using hybrid-modeled climatology (Grundstein, 2003)
Conditional stochastic model for generating daily precipitation time series (Busuioc & von Storch, 2003)
Improved field reconstruction with the analog method: searching the CCA space (Fernández & Sáenz, 2003)
Sensitivity of the Baltic Sea salinity to the freshwater supply (Meier & Kauker, 2003)
Dry summers over northeastern South Africa and associated circulation anomalies (Mulenga et al. 2003)
Clustering and upscaling of station precipitation records to regional patterns using self-organizing maps (SOMs) (Crane & Hewitson, 2003)


Anthropogenic climate change shown by local wave conditions in the North Sea (Pfizenmayer & von Storch, 2002)
Comparison of climate change scenarios for Sweden based on statistical and dynamical downscaling of monthly precipitation (Hellström et al. 2002)
Historical and human dimensions of climate variability and water resource constraint in the Senegal River Valley (Magistro & Lo, 2002)
Trends and temperature sensitivity of moisture conditions in the conterminous United States (McCabe & Wolock, 2002)
Rainfall variability in Northern Tanzania in the March-May season (long rains) and its links to large-scale climate forcing (Zorita & Tilya, 2002)
Multi temporal scale variations of summer precipitation in wet seasons over China and their association with 500 mb geopotential height (Bao et al. 2002)
Persistence and periodicity in the precipitation series of Turkey and associations with 500 hPa geopotential heights (Türkes et al. 2002)
Relation between the onset and end of the South American summer monsoon and rainfall in subtropical South America (González et al. 2002)
Factors affecting seasonal forecast use in Arizona water management: a case study of the 1997-98 El Niño (Pagano et al. 2002)
Net precipitation over the Baltic Sea during present and future climate conditions (Rutgersson et al. 2002)
Has the project BALTEX so far met its original objectives? (Raschke et al. 2002)
The BALTEX regional reanalysis project (Fortelius et al. 2002)
BALTEX weather radar-based precipitation products and their accuracies (Koistinen & Michelson 2002)
Atmospheric precipitable water in Estonia, 1990–2001 (Okulov et al. 2002)
BALTEX water and energy budgets in the NCEP/DOE reanalysis II (Roads et al. 2002)
Circulation of the Baltic Sea and its connection to the Pan-Arctic region — a large scale and high-resolution modeling approach (Maslowski & Walczowski 2002)
Simulated water and heat cycles of the Baltic Sea using a 3D coupled atmosphere–ice–ocean model (Meier & Döscher 2002)
Rain observations with a vertically looking Micro Rain Radar (MRR) (Peters et al. 2002)
Inter-annual variability of Baltic Sea water balance components and sea level (Malinin et al. 2002)
Water, heat and salt exchange between the deep basins of the Baltic Sea (Lehmann & Hinrichsen 2002)
Energy and water balance of the Baltic Sea derived from merchant ship observations (Lindau 2002)
Precipitation fields over the Baltic Sea derived from ship rain gauge measurements on merchant ships (Clemens & Bumke 2002)
Long-term changes of the river runoff in Latvia (Klavins et al. 2002)


Global warming signature in observed winter precipitation in Northwestern Europe? (Schmith, 2001)
Observed winter Alpine precipitation variability and links with large-scale circulation patterns (Quadrelli et al. 2001)
Heavy precipitation events over a few Alpine sub-regions and the links with large-scale circulation, 1971-1995 (Plaut et al. 2001)
Baltic Sea ocean climate: an analysis of 100 yr of hydrographic data with focus on the freshwater budget (Winsor et al. 2001)
Historical changes of bottom topography and tidal amplitude in the Ria de Aveiro, Portugal­trends for future evolution (Silva & Duck, 2001)
A probabilistic approach to sea level rise up to the year 2100 at Kolobrzeg, Poland (Wróblewski, 2001)
Large-scale circulation and flushing characteristics of the North Sea under various climate forcings (Blaas et al. 2001)
Interannual changes of the ocean wave variability in the North Atlantic and in the North Sea (Bauer, 2001)
Effects of a specific climate scenario on the hydrography and transport of conservative substances in the Weser estuary, Germany: a case study (Grabemann et al. 2001)
Expected effect of climate change on Sylt island: results from a multidisciplinary German project (Ahrendt, 2001)
A review of relative sea level rise caused by mining-induced subsidence in the coastal zone: some implications for increased coastal recession (Humphries, 2001)
Episodic atmospheric changes and their impact on the hydrography of coastal waters in Tanzania (Nyandwi & Dubi, 2001)
Maps of lands vulnerable to sea level rise: modeled elevations along the US Atlantic and Gulf coasts (Titus & Richman, 2001)
Trends in sea level variability in the Baltic Sea (Johansson et al. 2001)
Evapotranspiration 1961–1990 in Finland as function of meteorological and land-type factors (Solantie & Joukola 2001)
Modeling wind-driven circulation in Lake Ladoga (Beletsky 2001)


Dependence of salinity and oxygen concentrations in the Baltic Sea on large-scale atmospheric circulation (Zorita & Laine, 2000)
Growing season moisture deficits across the northeastern United States (Leathers et al. 2000)
Connection between the large-scale 500 hPa geopotential height fields and precipitation over Greece during wintertime (Xoplaki et al. 2000)
Impact of climate variation and change on Mid-Atlantic Region hydrology and water resources (Neff et al. 2000)
A hidden Markov model for downscaling synoptic atmospheric patterns to precipitation amounts (Bellone et al. 2000)
Two models for the climate change related development of sea levels in the North Sea-a comparison (Kauker & Langenberg, 2000)
Causes of variability in monthly Great Lakes water supplies and lake levels (Brinkmann, 2000)
Synoptic evolution of composite wet spells over northern Tanzania (Kabanda & Jury, 2000)
Interdecadal changes in the precipitation seasonal cycle over Southern South America and their relationship with surface temperature (Rusticucci & Penalba, 2000)
Application of tree-structured regression for regional precipitation prediction using general circulation model output (Li & Sailor, 2000)
Severe summer rainfall in China associated with enhanced global warming (Gong & Wang, 2000)
Climate change impacts on runoff in Sweden-assessments by global climate models, dynamical downscaling and hydrological modelling (Bergström et al. 2000)
Reconstruction of potential evaporation for water balance studies (Weisse & Oestreiche, 2000)


Sensitivity of simulated surface runoff to mesoscale meteorological model resolution in a linked-model experiment (Lakhtakia et al. 1999)
Dependence of precipitation on temperature at Florence and Livorno (Italy) (Buishand & Brandsma, 1999)
Climate change impacts and responses in the Philippines: water resources (Jose & Cruz, 1999)
An approach for assessing the vulnerability of the water resources of Yemen to climate change (Alderwish & Al-Eryani, 1999)
Impact of climate change on the water resources of Awash River Basin, Ethiopia (Hailemariam, 1999)
A weather generator for obtaining daily precipitation scenarios based on circulation patterns (Corte-Real et al. 1999)
Inter-annual variability of short rains over northern Tanzania (Kabanda & Jury, 1999)


Estimated impacts of soil degradation on the African water balance and climate (Feddema, 1998)
Statistical downscaling of daily precipitation using daily airflow and seasonal teleconnection indices (Wilby, 1998)
Principal components-based regionalization of precipitation regimes across the southwest United States and Northern Mexico, with an application to monsoon precipitation variability (Comrie & Glenn, 1998)
Desertification and climate change–the Australian perspective (Pickup, 1998)
Integrated regional assessment and climate change impacts in river basins (Yarnal, 1998)
Multisite downscaling of daily precipitation with a stochastic weather generator (Wilks, 1998)
Explaining spatial variability in mean annual runoff in the conterminous United States (Wolock & McCabe, 1998)
Canadian Prairie growing season precipitation variability and associated atmospheric circulation (Bonsal et al. 1998)
Potential climate change impacts on water resources in the Auckland Region (New Zealand) (Fowler, 1998)


Impact of a wind climate change on the surge in the southern North Sea (Bijl, 1997)
Climate change and the detection of trends in annual runoff (McCabe & Wolock, 1997)
Assessment of climate change impacts on the water resources of Panama: the case of the La Villa, Chiriquí and Chagres river basins (Espinosa et al. 1997)
Vulnerability of basins and watersheds in Mexico to global climate change (Mendoza et al. 1997)
Climate change impacts on the hydrologic resources of South America: an annual, continental scale assessment (Yates, 1997)
Climatological study of the southwestern region of Saudi Arabia. I. Rainfall analysis (Abdullah & Al-Mazroui, 1997)
Climate change and water resources in Finland (Vehviläinen & Huttunen 1997)
Effects of climatic change on hydrological patterns of a forested catchment: a physically based modeling approach (Lepistö & Kivinen 1997)
Modelling the effects of climate change on lake eutrophication (Frisk et al. 1997)
Uncertainties of climatic change impacts in Finnish watersheds: a Bayesian network analysis of expert knowledge (Kuikka & Varis 1997)
Climate change and river runoff in Scandinavia, approaches and challenges (Gottschalk & Krasovskaia 1997)
Modelling the effect of climate change on nutrient loading, temperature regime and algal biomass in the Gulf of Finland (Inkala et al. 1997)


Vulnerability assessment of water resources in Egypt to climatic change in the Nile Basin (Strzepek et al. 1996)
Generating regional precipitation from observed and GCM synoptic-scale pressure fields, southern Alberta, Canada (Saunders & Byrne, 1996)
Space-time variation and regionalization of seasonal and monthly summer monsoon rainfall of the sub-Himalayan region and Gangetic plains of India (Singh & Singh, 1996)
Effects of network design on climatic maps of precipitation (Kutiel & Kay, 1996)
African wave disturbances and precipitation at Niamey during July-August 1987 and 1988 (Druyan et al. 1996)
Precipitation and air flow indices over the British Isles (Conway et al. 1996)


The role of individual terrain units in the water balance of wetland tundra (Boudreau & Rouse, 1995)
Relations between winter atmospheric circulation and annual streamflow in the western United States (McCabe, 1995)
Maximum precipitation rates in the southern Blue Ridge Mountains of the southeastern United States (Konrad, 1995)
Temporal variations of rainfall in Israel (Goldreich, 1995)
Rainfall area identification using satellite data (González & Velasco, 1995)


A reexamination of extreme 24-hour rainfall in Louisiana, USA (Faiers et al. 1994)
Seasonal associations between mid-tropospheric height patterns and precipitation in the western Great Basin, USA (Knapp, 1994)
Some remarks on climatic maps of precipitation (Kay & Kutiel, 1994)



Global changes in a humidity index between 1931-60 and 1961-90 (Hulme et al. 1992)
Sensitivity study of the influence of changes in canopy characteristics on evaporation loss and soil moisture using a sparse vegetation model (Lockwood, 1992)
A synoptic climatology of stream flow and acidity (Yarnal & Draves, 1992)
Implications of climate change for the water balance of the Columbia River Basin, USA (Marks et al. 1992)



Impacts of greenhouse warming on water temperature and water quality in the southern United States (Cooter & Cooter, 1990)
Relating climatological forcing to coastal water levels in Louisiana estuaries and the potential importance of El Niño-Southern Oscillation events (Childers et al. 1990)
Rising estimates of terrestrial and global precipitation (Willmott & Legates, 1990)
Space and time variability analyses of the Indian monsoon rainfall as inferred from satellite-derived OLR data (Haque & Lal, 1990)
Soil moisture and the distribution of giant Andean rosettes on talus slopes of a desert paramo (Pérez, 1990)

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