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Observations of anthropogenic global warming

IPCC AR5 references – WG1 Chapter 3, Observations: Ocean

Posted by Ari Jokimäki on December 12, 2013

IPCC reports have extensive reference lists but unfortunately they don’t include direct links to papers. Below are the references in IPCC AR5 WG1 Chapter 3, observations: oceans, with links to abstract pages and full texts where available.

Abeysirigunawardena, D. S., and I. J. Walker, 2008: Sea Level Responses to Climatic Variability and Change in Northern British Columbia. Atmosphere-Ocean, 46, 277-296.

Ablain, M., A. Cazenave, S. Guinehut, and G. Valladeau, 2009: A new assessment of global mean sea level from altimeters highlights a reduction of global slope from 2005 to 2008 in agreement with in-situ measurements. Ocean Sciences, 5, 193 – 201. [FULL TEXT]

Alory, G., S. Wijffels, and G. Meyers, 2007: Observed temperature trends in the Indian Ocean over 1960-1999 and associated mechanisms. Geophysical Research Letters, 34, L02606.

Álvarez, M., T. Tanhua, H. Brix, C. Lo Monaco, N. Metzl, E. L. McDonagh, and H. L. Bryden, 2011: Decadal biogeochemical changes in the subtropical Indian Ocean associated with Subantarctic Mode Water. Journal of
Geophysical Research-Oceans, 116, C09016. [FULL TEXT]

Andersson, A., C. Klepp, K. Fennig, S. Bakan, H. Grassl, and J. Schulz, 2011: Evaluation of HOAPS-3 Ocean Surface Freshwater Flux Components. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 50, 379-398.

Antonov, J. I., et al., 2010: World Ocean Atlas 2009, Volume 2: Salinity, NOAA Atlas NESDIS 68. U.S. Gov. Printing Office, Wash., D.C., USA, 184 pp.

Aoki, S., S. R. Rintoul, S. Ushio, S. Watanabe, and N. L. Bindoff, 2005: Freshening of the Adelie Land Bottom Water near 140°E. Geophysical Research Letters, 32, L23601.

Ballantyne, A. P., C. B. Alden, J. B. Miller, P. P. Tans, and J. W. C. White, 2012: Increase in observed net carbon dioxide uptake by land and oceans during the past 50 years. Nature, 488, 70-72. [FULL TEXT]

Barker, P. M., J. R. Dunn, C. M. Domingues, and S. E. Wijffels, 2011: Pressure sensor drifts in Argo and their impacts. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 28, 1036-1049.

Bates, N. R., 2007: Interannual variability of the oceanic CO2 sink in the subtropical gyre of the North Atlantic Ocean over the last 2 decades. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 112, C09013.

Bates, N. R., 2012: Multi-decadal uptake of carbon dioxide into subtropical mode water of the North Atlantic Ocean. Biogeosciences, 9, 2649-2659. [FULL TEXT]

Beckley, B. D., et al., 2010: Assessment of the Jason-2 extension to the TOPEX/Poseidon, Jason-1 sea-surface height time series for global mean sea level monitoring. Marine Geodesy, 33, 447-471.

Beltrami, H., J. E. Smerdon, H. N. Pollack, and S. P. Huang, 2002: Continental heat gain in the global climate system. Geophysical Research Letters, 29, 3. [FULL TEXT]

Bersch, M., I. Yashayaev, and K. P. Koltermann, 2007: Recent changes of the thermohaline circulation in the subpolar North Atlantic. Ocean Dynamics, 57, 223-235.

Bindoff, N. L., and T. J. McDougall, 1994: Diagnosing climate-change and ocean ventilation using hydrographic data. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 24, 1137-1152. [FULL TEXT]

Bindoff, N. L., et al., 2007: Observations: Oceanic Climate Change and Sea Level. Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, S. Solomon, et al., Eds., Cambridge University Press.

Bingham, R. J., and C. W. Hughes, 2009: Signature of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation in sea level along the east coast of North America. Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L02603. [FULL TEXT]

Boening, C., J. K. Willis, F. W. Landerer, R. S. Nerem, and J. Fasullo, 2012: The 2011 La Niña: So strong, the oceans fell. Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L19602. [FULL TEXT]

Bograd, S. J., C. G. Castro, E. Di Lorenzo, D. M. Palacios, H. Bailey, W. Gilly, and F. P. Chavez, 2008: Oxygen declines and the shoaling of the hypoxic boundary in the California Current. Geophysical Research Letters, 35, L12607. [FULL TEXT]

Böning, C. W., A. Dispert, M. Visbeck, S. R. Rintoul, and F. U. Schwarzkopf, 2008: The response of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current to recent climate change. Nature Geoscience, 1, 864-869. [FULL TEXT]

Borges, A. V., and N. Gypens, 2010: Carbonate chemistry in the coastal zone responds more strongly to eutrophication than to ocean acidification. Limnology and Oceanography, 55, 346-353. [FULL TEXT]

Boyer, T., S. Levitus, J. Antonov, R. Locarnini, A. Mishonov, H. Garcia, and S. A. Josey, 2007: Changes in freshwater content in the North Atlantic Ocean 1955-2006. Geophysical Research Letters, 34, L16603. [FULL TEXT]

Boyer, T. P., S. Levitus, J. I. Antonov, R. A. Locarnini, and H. E. Garcia, 2005: Linear trends in salinity for the World Ocean, 1955-1998. Geophysical Research Letters, 32, L01604. [FULL TEXT]

Boyer, T. P., et al., 2006: Introduction. World Ocean Database 2005 (DVD), NOAA Atlas NESDIS, vol. 60, S. Levitus, Ed., US Government Printing Office, 15-37.

Boyer, T. P., et al., 2009: Chapter 1: Introduction. World Ocean Database 2009, NOAA Atlas NESDIS 66, DVD ed., S. Levitus, Ed., U.S. Gov. Printing Office, Wash., D.C., USA, pp. 216.

Broecker, W., and E. Clark, 2001: A dramatic Atlantic dissolution event at the onset of the last glaciation. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 2, 2001GC000185.

Bromirski, P. D., A. J. Miller, R. E. Flick, and G. Auad, 2011: Dynamical suppression of sea level rise along the Pacific coast of North America: Indications for imminent acceleration. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 116,
C07005. [FULL TEXT]

Bryden, H. L., H. R. Longworth, and S. A. Cunningham, 2005: Slowing of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 25°N. Nature, 438, 655-657. [FULL TEXT]

Byrne, R. H., S. Mecking, R. A. Feely, and X. W. Liu, 2010: Direct observations of basin-wide acidification of the North Pacific Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 37, L02601. [FULL TEXT]

Cai, W., 2006: Antarctic ozone depletion causes an intensification of the Southern Ocean super-gyre circulation. Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L03712.

Calafat, F. M., D. P. Chambers, and M. N. Tsimplis, 2012: Mechanisms of decadal sea level variability in the eastern North Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 117, C09022.

Caldeira, K., and M. E. Wickett, 2003: Anthropogenic carbon and ocean pH. Nature, 425, 365-365. [FULL TEXT]

Carson, M., and D. E. Harrison, 2010: Regional interdecadal variability in bias-corrected ocean temperature data. Journal of Climate, 23, 2847-2855. [FULL TEXT]

Carton, J. A., and A. Santorelli, 2008: Global decadal upper-ocean heat content as viewed in nine analyses. Journal of Climate, 21, 6015-6035. [FULL TEXT]

Carton, J. A., B. S. Giese, and S. A. Grodsky, 2005: Sea level rise and the warming of the oceans in the Simple Ocean Data Assimilation (SODA) ocean reanalysis. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 110, C09006. [FULL TEXT]

Cazenave, A., et al., 2009: Sea level budget over 2003–2008: A re-evaluation from GRACE space gravimetry, satellite altimetry and Argo. Marine Geodesy, 65, 447 – 471. [FULL TEXT]

Cazenave, A., et al., 2012: Estimating ENSO influence on the global mean sea level, 1993–2010. Marine Geodesy, 35, 82-97.

Chambers, D. P., J. Wahr, and R. S. Nerem, 2004: Preliminary observations of global ocean mass variations with GRACE. Geophysical Research Letters, 31, L13310.

Chambers, D. P., M. A. Merrifield, and R. S. Nerem, 2012: Is there a 60-year oscillation in global mean sea level? Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L18607. [FULL TEXT]

Chambers, D. P., J. Wahr, M. E. Tamisiea, and R. S. Nerem, 2010: Ocean mass from GRACE and glacial isostatic adjustment. Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth, 115, B11415. [FULL TEXT]

Chan, F., J. A. Barth, J. Lubchenco, A. Kirincich, H. Weeks, W. T. Peterson, and B. A. Menge, 2008: Emergence of anoxia in the California current large marine ecosystem. Science, 319, 920-920. [FULL TEXT]

Chavez, F. P., M. Messié, and J. T. Pennington, 2011: Marine primary production in relation to climate variability and change. Annual Review of Marine Science, 3, 227-260. [FULL TEXT]

Church, J. A., and N. J. White, 2006: A 20th century acceleration in global sea-level rise. Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L01602. [FULL TEXT]

Church, J. A., and N. J. White, 2011: Sea-level rise from the late 19th to the early 21st century. Surveys in Geophysics, 32, 585-602. [FULL TEXT]

Church, J. A., J. R. Hunter, K. L. McInnes, and N. J. White, 2006: Sea-level rise around the Australian coastline and the changing frequency of extreme sea-level events. Australian Meteorological Magazine, 55, 253-260. [FULL TEXT]

Church, J. A., N. J. White, R. Coleman, K. Lambeck, and J. X. Mitrovica, 2004: Estimates of the regional distribution of sea level rise over the 1950-2000 period. Journal of Climate, 17, 2609-2625. [FULL TEXT]

Church, J. A., et al., 2011: Revisiting the Earth’s sea-level and energy budgets from 1961 to 2008. Geophysical Research Letters, 38, L18601. [FULL TEXT]

Cianca, A., P. Helmke, B. Mourino, M. J. Rueda, O. Llinas, and S. Neuer, 2007: Decadal analysis of hydrography and in situ nutrient budgets in the western and eastern North Atlantic subtropical gyre. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 112, C07025. [FULL TEXT]

Compo, G. P., et al., 2011: The Twentieth Century Reanalysis Project. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 137, 1-28. [FULL TEXT]

Cravatte, S., T. Delcroix, D. X. Zhang, M. McPhaden, and J. Leloup, 2009: Observed freshening and warming of the western Pacific Warm Pool. Climate Dynamics, 33, 565-589. [FULL TEXT]

Cummins, P. F., and H. J. Freeland, 2007: Variability of the North Pacific current and its bifurcation. Progress in Oceanography, 75, 253-265. [FULL TEXT]

Cunningham, S. A., S. G. Alderson, B. A. King, and M. A. Brandon, 2003: Transport and variability of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current in Drake Passage. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 108, 8084. [FULL TEXT]

Cunningham, S. A., et al., 2007: Temporal variability of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 26.5°N. Science, 317, 935-938. [FULL TEXT]

Curry, R., and C. Mauritzen, 2005: Dilution of the northern North Atlantic Ocean in recent decades. Science, 308, 1772-1774. [FULL TEXT]

Curry, R., B. Dickson, and I. Yashayaev, 2003: A change in the freshwater balance of the Atlantic Ocean over the past four decades. Nature, 426, 826-829. [FULL TEXT]

D’Onofrio, E. E., M. M. E. Fiore, and J. L. Pousa, 2008: Changes in the regime of storm surges at Buenos Aires, Argentina. Journal of Coastal Research, 24, 260-265.

Dee, D. P., et al., 2011: The ERA-Interim reanalysis: configuration and performance of the data assimilation system. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 137, 553-597. [FULL TEXT]

Delcroix, T., S. Cravatte, and M. J. McPhaden, 2007: Decadal variations and trends in tropical Pacific sea surface salinity since 1970. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 112, C03012. [FULL TEXT]

Deutsch, C., S. Emerson, and L. Thompson, 2005: Fingerprints of climate change in North Pacific oxygen. Geophysical Research Letters, 32, L16604. [FULL TEXT]

Di Lorenzo, E., et al., 2009: Nutrient and salinity decadal variations in the central and eastern North Pacific. Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L14601. [FULL TEXT]

Diaz, R. J., and R. Rosenberg, 2008: Spreading dead zones and consequences for marine ecosystems. Science, 321, 926-929. [FULL TEXT]

Dickson, B., I. Yashayaev, J. Meincke, B. Turrell, S. Dye, and J. Holfort, 2002: Rapid freshening of the deep North Atlantic Ocean over the past four decades. Nature, 416, 832-837.

Dickson, R. R., et al., 2008: The overflow flux west of Iceland: variability, origins and forcing. Arctic-Subarctic Ocean Fluxes, R. R. Dickson, J. Meincke, and P. B. Rhines, Eds., Springer Verlag.

Dohan, K., et al., 2010: Measuring the Global Ocean Surface Circulation with Satellite and In Situ Observations. Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy. [FULL TEXT]

Domingues, C. M., J. A. Church, N. J. White, P. J. Gleckler, S. E. Wijffels, P. M. Barker, and J. R. Dunn, 2008: Improved estimates of upper-ocean warming and multi-decadal sea-level rise. Nature, 453, 1090-3. [FULL TEXT]

Doney, S. C., V. J. Fabry, R. A. Feely, and J. A. Kleypas, 2009: Ocean Acidification: The other CO2 problem. Annual Review of Marine Science, 1, 169-192. [FULL TEXT]

Dore, J. E., R. Lukas, D. W. Sadler, M. J. Church, and D. M. Karl, 2009: Physical and biogeochemical modulation of ocean acidification in the central North Pacific. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106, 12235-12240. [FULL TEXT]

Douglas, B. C., 2001: Sea level change in the era of the recording tide gauge. Sea Level Rise: History and Consequences, B. C. Douglas, M. S. Kearney, and S. P. Leatherman, Eds., Academic Press, 37–64.

Douglass, E., D. Roemmich, and D. Stammer, 2006: Interannual variability in northeast Pacific circulation. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 111, C04001. [FULL TEXT]

Drinkwater, K. F., 2006: The regime shift of the 1920s and 1930s in the North Atlantic. Progress in Oceanography, 68, 134-151.

Duce, R. A., et al., 2008: Impacts of atmospheric anthropogenic nitrogen on the open ocean. Science, 320, 893-897. [FULL TEXT]

Ducet, N., P. Y. Le Traon, and G. Reverdin, 2000: Global high-resolution mapping of ocean circulation from TOPEX/Poseidon and ERS-1 and-2. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 105, 19477-19498. [FULL TEXT]

Durack, P. J., and S. E. Wijffels, 2010: Fifty-year trends in global ocean salinities and their relationship to broad-scale warming. Journal of Climate, 23, 4342-4362. [FULL TEXT]

Durack, P. J., S. E. Wijffels, and R. J. Matear, 2012: Ocean salinities reveal strong global water cycle intensification during 1950 to 2000. Science, 336, 455-458. [FULL TEXT]

Egleston, E. S., C. L. Sabine, and F. M. M. Morel, 2010: Revelle revisited: Buffer factors that quantify the response of ocean chemistry to changes in DIC and alkalinity. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 24, GB1002. [FULL TEXT]

Ekman, M., 1988: The world’s longest continued series of sea-level observations. Pure and Applied Geophysics, 127, 73-77.

Emori, S., and S. J. Brown, 2005: Dynamic and thermodynamic changes in mean and extreme precipitation under changed climate. Geophysical Research Letters, 32, L17706. [FULL TEXT]

Fabry, V. J., B. A. Seibel, R. A. Feely, and J. C. Orr, 2008: Impacts of ocean acidification on marine fauna and ecosystem processes. Ices Journal of Marine Science, 65, 414-432. [FULL TEXT]

Farneti, R., T. L. Delworth, A. J. Rosati, S. M. Griffies, and F. Zeng, 2010: The role of mesoscale eddies in the rectification of the Southern Ocean response to climate change. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 40, 1539-1557. [FULL TEXT]

Feely, R. A., S. C. Doney, and S. R. Cooley, 2009: Ocean acidification: present conditions and future changes in a high-CO2 world. Oceanography, 22, 36-47. [FULL TEXT]

Feely, R. A., T. Takahashi, R. Wanninkhof, M. J. McPhaden, C. E. Cosca, S. C. Sutherland, and M. E. Carr, 2006: Decadal variability of the air-sea CO2 fluxes in the equatorial Pacific Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 111, C08s90.

Feng, M., M. J. McPhaden, and T. Lee, 2010: Decadal variability of the Pacific subtropical cells and their influence on the southeast Indian Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 37, L09606. [FULL TEXT]

Fischer, J., M. Visbeck, R. Zantopp, and N. Nunes, 2010: Interannual to decadal variability of outflow from the Labrador Sea. Geophysical Research Letters, 37, L24610. [FULL TEXT]

Frajka-Williams, E., S. A. Cunningham, H. Bryden, and B. A. King, 2011: Variability of Antarctic Bottom Water at 24.5°N in the Atlantic. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 116, C11026. [FULL TEXT]

Freeland, H., et al., 2010: Argo – A Decade of Progress. Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy. [FULL TEXT]

Freeland, H. J., and D. Gilbert, 2009: Estimate of the steric contribution to global sea level rise from a comparison of the WOCE one-time survey with 2006-2008 Argo observations. Atmosphere-Ocean, 47, 292-298.

Frölicher, T. L., F. Joos, G. K. Plattner, M. Steinacher, and S. C. Doney, 2009: Natural variability and anthropogenic trends in oceanic oxygen in a coupled carbon cycle-climate model ensemble. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 23, Gb1003. [FULL TEXT]

Fusco, G., V. Artale, Y. Cotroneo, and G. Sannino, 2008: Thermohaline variability of Mediterranean Water in the Gulf of Cadiz, 1948-1999. Deep-Sea Research Part I-Oceanographic Research Papers, 55, 1624-1638.

Galloway, J. N., et al., 2008: Transformation of the nitrogen cycle: Recent trends, questions, and potential solutions. Science, 320, 889-892. [FULL TEXT]

Garabato, A. C. N., L. Jullion, D. P. Stevens, K. J. Heywood, and B. A. King, 2009: Variability of Subantarctic Mode Water and Antarctic Intermediate Water in the Drake Passage during the late-twentieth and early-twenty-first centuries. Journal of Climate, 22, 3661-3688. [FULL TEXT]

Garzoli, S. L., M. O. Baringer, S. F. Dong, R. C. Perez, and Q. Yao, 2013: South Atlantic meridional fluxes. Deep-Sea Research Part I-Oceanographic Research Papers, 71, 21-32. [FULL TEXT]

Gebbie, G., and P. Huybers, 2012: The mean age of ocean waters inferred from radiocarbon observations: sensitivity to surface sources and accounting for mixing histories. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 42, 291-305. [FULL TEXT]

Gemmrich, J., B. Thomas, and R. Bouchard, 2011: Observational changes and trends in northeast Pacific wave records. Geophysical Research Letters, 38, L22601.

Gerber, M., F. Joos, M. Vázquez-Rodríguez, F. Touratier, and C. Goyet, 2009: Regional air-sea fluxes of anthropogenic carbon inferred with an Ensemble Kalman Filter. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 23, Gb1013. [FULL TEXT]

Giese, B. S., G. A. Chepurin, J. A. Carton, T. P. Boyer, and H. F. Seidel, 2011: Impact of bathythermograph temperature bias models on an ocean reanalysis. Journal of Climate, 24, 84-93.

Gilbert, D., N. N. Rabalais, R. J. Diaz, and J. Zhang, 2010: Evidence for greater oxygen decline rates in the coastal ocean than in the open ocean. Biogeosciences, 7, 2283-2296. [FULL TEXT]

Giles, K. A., S. W. Laxon, A. L. Ridout, D. J. Wingham, and S. Bacon, 2012: Western Arctic Ocean freshwater storage increased by wind-driven spin-up of the Beaufort Gyre. Nature Geoscience, 5, 194-197. [FULL TEXT]

Gille, S. T., 2008: Decadal-scale temperature trends in the Southern Hemisphere ocean. Journal of Climate, 21, 4749-4765. [FULL TEXT]

Gillett, N. P., and P. A. Stott, 2009: Attribution of anthropogenic influence on seasonal sea level pressure. Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L23709. [FULL TEXT]

Gladyshev, S. V., M. N. Koshlyakov, and R. Y. Tarakanov, 2008: Currents in the Drake Passage based on observations in 2007. Oceanology, 48, 759-770.

Gleckler, P. J., et al., 2012: Human-induced global ocean warming on multidecadal timescales. Nature Climate Change, 2, 524-529. [FULL TEXT]

Gloor, M., J. L. Sarmiento, and N. Gruber, 2010: What can be learned about carbon cycle climate feedbacks from the CO2 airborne fraction? Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 7739-7751. [FULL TEXT]

Goni, G. J., F. Bringas, and P. N. DiNezio, 2011: Observed low frequency variability of the Brazil Current front. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 116, C10037. [FULL TEXT]

González-Dávila, M., J. M. Santana-Casiano, M. J. Rueda, and O. Llinas, 2010: The water column distribution of carbonate system variables at the ESTOC site from 1995 to 2004. Biogeosciences, 7, 3067-3081. [FULL TEXT]

Gouretski, V., and K. P. Koltermann, 2007: How much is the ocean really warming? Geophysical Research Letters, 34, L01610. [FULL TEXT]

Gouretski, V., and F. Reseghetti, 2010: On depth and temperature biases in bathythermograph data: Development of a new correction scheme based on analysis of a global ocean database. Deep-Sea Research Part IOceanographic Research Papers, 57, 812-833.

Gouretski, V., J. Kennedy, T. Boyer, and A. Kohl, 2012: Consistent near-surface ocean warming since 1900 in two largely independent observing networks. Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L19606. [FULL TEXT]

Graven, H. D., N. Gruber, R. Key, S. Khatiwala, and X. Giraud, 2012: Changing controls on oceanic radiocarbon: New insights on shallow-to-deep ocean exchange and anthropogenic CO2 uptake. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 117, C10005. [FULL TEXT]

Griffies, S. M., et al., 2009: Coordinated Ocean-ice Reference Experiments (COREs). Ocean Modelling, 26, 1-46. [FULL TEXT]

Grinsted, A., J. C. Moore, and S. Jevrejeva, 2012: Homogeneous record of Atlantic hurricane surge threat since 1923. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109, 19601-19605. [FULL TEXT]

Grist, J. P., R. Marsh, and S. A. Josey, 2009: On the relationship between the North Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation and the surface-forced overturning streamfunction. Journal of Climate, 22, 4989-5002. [FULL TEXT]

Gruber, N., et al., 2009: Oceanic sources, sinks, and transport of atmospheric CO2. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 23, Gb1005. [FULL TEXT]

Gu, G. J., R. F. Adler, G. J. Huffman, and S. Curtis, 2007: Tropical rainfall variability on interannual-to-interdecadal and longer time scales derived from the GPCP monthly product. Journal of Climate, 20, 4033-4046. [FULL TEXT]

Gulev, S., T. Jung, and E. Ruprecht, 2007: Estimation of the impact of sampling errors in the VOS observations on airsea fluxes. Part II: Impact on trends and interannual variability. Journal of Climate, 20, 302-315. [FULL TEXT]

Gulev, S., et al., 2010: Surface Energy and CO2 Fluxes in the Global Ocean-Atmosphere-Ice System. OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society, Venice, Italy, 20 pp. [NOT FOUND]

Gulev, S. K., and V. Grigorieva, 2006: Variability of the winter wind waves and swell in the North Atlantic and North Pacific as revealed by the voluntary observing ship data. Journal of Climate, 19, 5667-5685. [FULL TEXT]

Haigh, I., R. Nicholls, and N. Wells, 2010: Assessing changes in extreme sea levels: Application to the English Channel, 1900-2006. Continental Shelf Research, 30, 1042-1055.

Hallberg, R., and A. Gnanadesikan, 2006: The role of eddies in determining the structure and response of the winddriven southern hemisphere overturning: Results from the Modeling Eddies in the Southern Ocean (MESO) project. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 36, 2232-2252. [FULL TEXT]

Hamon, M., G. Reverdin, and P. Y. Le Traon, 2012: Empirical correction of XBT data. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 29, 960-973. [FULL TEXT]

Hansen, B., and S. Osterhus, 2007: Faroe Bank Channel overflow 1995-2005. Progress in Oceanography, 75, 817-856.

Hansen, B., H. Hatun, R. Kristiansen, S. M. Olsen, and S. Osterhus, 2010: Stability and forcing of the Iceland-Faroe inflow of water, heat, and salt to the Arctic. Ocean Science, 6, 1013-1026. [FULL TEXT]

Hatun, H., A. B. Sando, H. Drange, B. Hansen, and H. Valdimarsson, 2005: Influence of the Atlantic subpolar gyre on the thermohaline circulation. Science, 309, 1841-1844. [FULL TEXT]

Held, I. M., and B. J. Soden, 2006: Robust responses of the hydrological cycle to global warming. Journal of Climate, 19, 5686-5699. [FULL TEXT]

Helm, K. P., N. L. Bindoff, and J. A. Church, 2010: Changes in the global hydrological-cycle inferred from ocean salinity. Geophysical Research Letters, 37, L18701.

Helm, K. P., N. L. Bindoff, and J. A. Church, 2011: Observed decreases in oxygen content of the global ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 38, L23602.

Hemer, M. A., 2010: Historical trends in Southern Ocean storminess: Long-term variability of extreme wave heights at Cape Sorell, Tasmania. Geophysical Research Letters, 37, L18601.

Hemer, M. A., J. A. Church, and J. R. Hunter, 2010: Variability and trends in the directional wave climate of the Southern Hemisphere. International Journal of Climatology, 30, 475-491. [FULL TEXT]

Hill, K. L., S. R. Rintoul, R. Coleman, and K. R. Ridgway, 2008: Wind forced low frequency variability of the East Australia Current. Geophysical Research Letters, 35, L08602.

Holgate, S. J., 2007: On the decadal rates of sea level change during the twentieth century. Geophysical Research Letters, 34, L01602. [FULL TEXT]

Holliday, N., et al., 2008: Reversal of the 1960s to 1990s freshening trend in the northeast North Atlantic and Nordic Seas. Geophysical Research Letters, 35, L03614. [FULL TEXT]

Hong, B. G., W. Sturges, and A. J. Clarke, 2000: Sea level on the US East Coast: Decadal variability caused by open ocean wind-curl forcing. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 30, 2088-2098. [FULL TEXT]

Hood, M., et al., 2010: Ship-based Repeat Hydrography: A Strategy for a Sustained Global Program. Proceedings of OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy. [FULL TEXT]

Hosoda, S., T. Suga, N. Shikama, and K. Mizuno, 2009: Global surface layer salinity change detected by Argo and its implication for hydrological cycle intensification. Journal of Oceanography, 65, 579-586. [FULL TEXT]

Houston, J. R., and R. G. Dean, 2011: Sea-level acceleration based on US tide gauges and extensions of previous global-gauge analyses. Journal of Coastal Research, 27, 409-417. [FULL TEXT]

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5 Responses to “IPCC AR5 references – WG1 Chapter 3, Observations: Ocean”

  1. jyyh said

    in order to serve also the denialists I made a list of those 128-9 papers you haven’t found full texts. 280/408-9 references have full texts according to you, so anyone can read those. I can post the list either on a long note or as a series of comments. Possibly post it on my own blog. Thanks for hunting down most of the COMPLETE articles. Anyway, I think these incompletely exposed articles should be on a separate list, the deniers love to harrass scientists about these, and in order to maximize their fun, the harrassing should be made easy and leisurely.

  2. jyyh said

    The list (incompletely exposed articles on IPCC AR5 WG1 chapter3):

    Abeysirigunawardena, D. S., and I. J. Walker, 2008: Sea Level Responses to Climatic Variability and Change in Northern British Columbia. Atmosphere-Ocean, 46, 277-296.

    Alory, G., S. Wijffels, and G. Meyers, 2007: Observed temperature trends in the Indian Ocean over 1960-1999 and associated mechanisms. Geophysical Research Letters, 34, L02606.

    Andersson, A., C. Klepp, K. Fennig, S. Bakan, H. Grassl, and J. Schulz, 2011: Evaluation of HOAPS-3 Ocean Surface Freshwater Flux Components. Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, 50, 379-398.

    Antonov, J. I., et al., 2010: World Ocean Atlas 2009, Volume 2: Salinity, NOAA Atlas NESDIS 68. U.S. Gov. Printing Office, Wash., D.C., USA, 184 pp.

    Aoki, S., S. R. Rintoul, S. Ushio, S. Watanabe, and N. L. Bindoff, 2005: Freshening of the Adelie Land Bottom Water near 140°E. Geophysical Research Letters, 32, L23601.

    Barker, P. M., J. R. Dunn, C. M. Domingues, and S. E. Wijffels, 2011: Pressure sensor drifts in Argo and their impacts. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 28, 1036-1049.

    Bates, N. R., 2007: Interannual variability of the oceanic CO2 sink in the subtropical gyre of the North Atlantic Ocean over the last 2 decades. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 112, C09013.

    Beckley, B. D., et al., 2010: Assessment of the Jason-2 extension to the TOPEX/Poseidon, Jason-1 sea-surface height time series for global mean sea level monitoring. Marine Geodesy, 33, 447-471.

    Bersch, M., I. Yashayaev, and K. P. Koltermann, 2007: Recent changes of the thermohaline circulation in the subpolar North Atlantic. Ocean Dynamics, 57, 223-235.

    Bindoff, N. L., et al., 2007: Observations: Oceanic Climate Change and Sea Level. Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, S. Solomon, et al., Eds., Cambridge University Press.

    Boyer, T. P., et al., 2006: Introduction. World Ocean Database 2005 (DVD), NOAA Atlas NESDIS, vol. 60, S. Levitus, Ed., US Government Printing Office, 15-37.

    Boyer, T. P., et al., 2009: Chapter 1: Introduction. World Ocean Database 2009, NOAA Atlas NESDIS 66, DVD ed., S. Levitus, Ed., U.S. Gov. Printing Office, Wash., D.C., USA, pp. 216.

    Broecker, W., and E. Clark, 2001: A dramatic Atlantic dissolution event at the onset of the last glaciation. Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems, 2, 2001GC000185.

    Cai, W., 2006: Antarctic ozone depletion causes an intensification of the Southern Ocean super-gyre circulation. Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L03712.

    Calafat, F. M., D. P. Chambers, and M. N. Tsimplis, 2012: Mechanisms of decadal sea level variability in the eastern North Atlantic and the Mediterranean Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 117, C09022.

    Cazenave, A., et al., 2012: Estimating ENSO influence on the global mean sea level, 1993–2010. Marine Geodesy, 35, 82-97.

    Chambers, D. P., J. Wahr, and R. S. Nerem, 2004: Preliminary observations of global ocean mass variations with GRACE. Geophysical Research Letters, 31, L13310.

    D’Onofrio, E. E., M. M. E. Fiore, and J. L. Pousa, 2008: Changes in the regime of storm surges at Buenos Aires, Argentina. Journal of Coastal Research, 24, 260-265.

    Dickson, B., I. Yashayaev, J. Meincke, B. Turrell, S. Dye, and J. Holfort, 2002: Rapid freshening of the deep North Atlantic Ocean over the past four decades. Nature, 416, 832-837.

    Dickson, R. R., et al., 2008: The overflow flux west of Iceland: variability, origins and forcing. Arctic-Subarctic Ocean Fluxes, R. R. Dickson, J. Meincke, and P. B. Rhines, Eds., Springer Verlag.

    Douglas, B. C., 2001: Sea level change in the era of the recording tide gauge. Sea Level Rise: History and Consequences, B. C. Douglas, M. S. Kearney, and S. P. Leatherman, Eds., Academic Press, 37–64.

    Drinkwater, K. F., 2006: The regime shift of the 1920s and 1930s in the North Atlantic. Progress in Oceanography, 68, 134-151.

    Ekman, M., 1988: The world’s longest continued series of sea-level observations. Pure and Applied Geophysics, 127, 73-77.

    Feely, R. A., T. Takahashi, R. Wanninkhof, M. J. McPhaden, C. E. Cosca, S. C. Sutherland, and M. E. Carr, 2006: Decadal variability of the air-sea CO2 fluxes in the equatorial Pacific Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 111, C08s90.

    Freeland, H. J., and D. Gilbert, 2009: Estimate of the steric contribution to global sea level rise from a comparison of the WOCE one-time survey with 2006-2008 Argo observations. Atmosphere-Ocean, 47, 292-298.

    Fusco, G., V. Artale, Y. Cotroneo, and G. Sannino, 2008: Thermohaline variability of Mediterranean Water in the Gulf of Cadiz, 1948-1999. Deep-Sea Research Part I-Oceanographic Research Papers, 55, 1624-1638.

    Gemmrich, J., B. Thomas, and R. Bouchard, 2011: Observational changes and trends in northeast Pacific wave records. Geophysical Research Letters, 38, L22601.

    Giese, B. S., G. A. Chepurin, J. A. Carton, T. P. Boyer, and H. F. Seidel, 2011: Impact of bathythermograph temperature bias models on an ocean reanalysis. Journal of Climate, 24, 84-93.

    Gladyshev, S. V., M. N. Koshlyakov, and R. Y. Tarakanov, 2008: Currents in the Drake Passage based on observations in 2007. Oceanology, 48, 759-770.

    Gouretski, V., and F. Reseghetti, 2010: On depth and temperature biases in bathythermograph data: Development of a new correction scheme based on analysis of a global ocean database. Deep-Sea Research Part IOceanographic Research Papers, 57, 812-833.

    Gulev, S., et al., 2010: Surface Energy and CO2 Fluxes in the Global Ocean-Atmosphere-Ice System. OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society, Venice, Italy, 20 pp. [NOT FOUND]

    Haigh, I., R. Nicholls, and N. Wells, 2010: Assessing changes in extreme sea levels: Application to the English Channel, 1900-2006. Continental Shelf Research, 30, 1042-1055.

    Hansen, B., and S. Osterhus, 2007: Faroe Bank Channel overflow 1995-2005. Progress in Oceanography, 75, 817-856.

    Helm, K. P., N. L. Bindoff, and J. A. Church, 2010: Changes in the global hydrological-cycle inferred from ocean salinity. Geophysical Research Letters, 37, L18701.

    Helm, K. P., N. L. Bindoff, and J. A. Church, 2011: Observed decreases in oxygen content of the global ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 38, L23602.

    Hemer, M. A., 2010: Historical trends in Southern Ocean storminess: Long-term variability of extreme wave heights at Cape Sorell, Tasmania. Geophysical Research Letters, 37, L18601.

    Hill, K. L., S. R. Rintoul, R. Coleman, and K. R. Ridgway, 2008: Wind forced low frequency variability of the East Australia Current. Geophysical Research Letters, 35, L08602.

    Hughes, C. W., P. L. Woodworth, M. P. Meredith, V. Stepanov, T. Whitworth, and A. R. Pyne, 2003: Coherence of Antarctic sea levels, Southern Hemisphere Annular Mode, and flow through Drake Passage. Geophysical Research Letters, 30, 1464.

    Huhn, O., M. Rhein, M. Hoppema, and S. van Heuven, 2013: Decline of deep and bottom water ventilation and slowing down of anthropogenic carbon storage in the Weddell Sea, 1984-2011. Deep-Sea Research I, 76, 66-84.

    Irwin, A. J., and M. J. Oliver, 2009: Are ocean deserts getting larger? Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L18609.

    Ishii, M., and M. Kimoto, 2009: Reevaluation of historical ocean heat content variations with time-varying XBT and MBT depth bias corrections. Journal of Oceanography, 65, 287-299.

    Kawai, Y., T. Doi, H. Tomita, and H. Sasaki, 2008: Decadal-scale changes in meridional heat transport across 24°N in the Pacific Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 113, C08021.

    Kawano, T., T. Doi, H. Uchida, S. Kouketsu, M. Fukasawa, Y. Kawai, and K. Katsumata, 2010: Heat content change in the Pacific Ocean between the 1990s and 2000s. Deep-Sea Research Part II-Topical Studies in Oceanography, 57, 1141-1151.

    Kazmin, A. S., 2012: Variability of the large-scale frontal zones: analysis of the global satellite information. Modern problems of remote sensing of Earth from space, 9, 213-218 (in Russian). [NOT FOUND]

    Keeling, R. F., and A. C. Manning, 2014: Studies of Recent Changes in Atmospheric O2 Content. Treatise on Geochemistry, 2nd ed., H. D. Holland, and K. K. Turekian, Eds., Elsevier. [NOT FOUND]

    Kim, T. W., K. Lee, R. G. Najjar, H. D. Jeong, and H. J. Jeong, 2011: Increasing N abundance in the northwestern Pacific Ocean due to atmospheric nitrogen deposition. Science, 334, 505-509.

    Komar, P. D., and J. C. Allan, 2008: Increasing hurricane-generated wave heights along the US East Coast and their climate controls. Journal of Coastal Research, 24, 479-488.

    Koshlyakov, M. N., Lisina, II, E. G. Morozov, and R. Y. Tarakanov, 2007: Absolute geostrophic currents in the Drake Passage based on observations in 2003 and 2005. Oceanology, 47, 451-463.

    Koshlyakov, M. N., S. V. Gladyshev, R. Y. Tarakanov, and D. A. Fedorov, 2011: Currents in the western Drake Passage by the observations in January 2010. Oceanology, 51, 187-198.

    Kouketsu, S., M. Fukasawa, D. Sasano, Y. Kumamoto, T. Kawano, H. Uchida, and T. Doi, 2010: Changes in water properties around North Pacific intermediate water between the 1980s, 1990s and 2000s. Deep-Sea Research Part II-Topical Studies in Oceanography, 57, 1177-1187.

    Kouketsu, S., et al., 2009: Changes in water properties and transports along 24°N in the North Pacific between 1985 and 2005. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 114, C01008.

    Kouketsu, S., et al., 2011: Deep ocean heat content changes estimated from observation and reanalysis product and their influence on sea level change. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 116, C03012.

    Krueger, O., F. Schenk, F. Feser, and R. Weisse, 2013: Inconsistencies between long-term trends in storminess derived from the 20CR reanalysis and observations. Journal of Climate, 26, 868-874.

    ——, 2012: On the Observed Trends and Changes in Global Sea Surface Temperature and Air–Sea Heat Fluxes (1984–2006). Journal of Climate, 25.

    Letetrel, C., M. Marcos, B. M. Miguez, and G. Wöppelmann, 2010: Sea level extremes in Marseille (NW Mediterranean) during 1885-2008. Continental Shelf Research, 30, 1267-1274.

    Leuliette, E. W., and R. Scharroo, 2010: Integrating Jason-2 into a multiple-altimeter climate data record. Marine Geodesy, 33, 504-517.

    Leuliette, E. W., and J. K. Willis, 2011: Balancing the sea level budget. Oceanography, 24, 122-129.
    Levitus, S., 1989: Interpentadal variability of temperature and salinity at intermediate depths of the North-Atlantic Ocean, 1970-1974 versus 1955-1959. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 94, 6091-6131.

    Levitus, S., et al., 2012: World ocean heat content and thermosteric sea level change (0-2000m) 1955-2010. Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L10603.

    Lewis, E. L., and N. P. Fofonoff, 1979: A practical salinity scale. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 9, 446.
    Li, G., B. Ren, J. Zheng, and C. Yang, 2011: Trend singular value decomposition analysis and its application to the global ocean surface latent heat flux and SST anomalies. Journal of Climate, 24, 2931-2948.

    Llovel, W., S. Guinehut, and A. Cazenave, 2010: Regional and interannual variability in sea level over 2002-2009 based on satellite altimetry, Argo float data and GRACE ocean mass. Ocean Dynamics, 60, 1193-1204.

    Llovel, W., B. Meyssignac, and A. Cazenave, 2011: Steric sea level variations over 2004-2010 as a function of region and depth: Inference on the mass component variability in the North Atlantic Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 38, L15608.

    Lowe, J. A., and J. M. Gregory, 2006: Understanding projections of sea level rise in a Hadley Centre coupled climate model. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 111, C11014.

    Lowe, J. A., et al., 2010: Past and future changes in extreme sea levels and waves. Understanding sea-level rise and variability, J. A. Church, P. L. Woodworth, T. Aarup, and W. S. Wilson, Eds., Wiley-Blackwell.

    Marcos, M., M. N. Tsimplis, and F. M. Calafat, 2012: Inter-annual and decadal sea level variations in the north-western Pacific marginal seas. Progress in Oceanography, 105, 4-21.

    Masters, D., R. S. Nerem, C. Choe, E. Leuliette, B. Beckley, N. White, and M. Ablain, 2012: Comparison of global mean sea level time series from TOPEX/Poseidon, Jason-1, and Jason-2. Marine Geodesy, 35, 20-41.

    Matear, R. J., and A. C. Hirst, 2003: Long-term changes in dissolved oxygen concentrations in the ocean caused by protracted global warming. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 17, 1125.

    McCarthy, G., E. McDonagh, and B. King, 2011: Decadal variability of thermocline and intermediate waters at 24°S in the South Atlantic. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 41, 157-165.

    Meijers, A. J. S., N. L. Bindoff, and S. R. Rintoul, 2011: Frontal movements and property fluxes: Contributions to heat and freshwater trends in the Southern Ocean. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 116, C08024.

    Menéndez, M., F. J. Méndez, I. J. Losada, and N. E. Graham, 2008: Variability of extreme wave heights in the northeast Pacific Ocean based on buoy measurements. Geophysical Research Letters, 35, L22607.

    Merrifield, M. A., 2011: A shift in western tropical Pacific sea level trends during the 1990s. Journal of Climate, 24, 4126-4138.

    Merrifield, M. A., and M. E. Maltrud, 2011: Regional sea level trends due to a Pacific trade wind intensification. Geophysical Research Letters, 38, L21605.

    Metzl, N., 2009: Decadal increase of oceanic carbon dioxide in Southern Indian Ocean surface waters (1991-2007). Deep-Sea Research Part II-Topical Studies in Oceanography, 56, 607-619.

    Miller, L., and B. C. Douglas, 2007: Gyre-scale atmospheric pressure variations and their relation to 19th and 20th century sea level rise. Geophysical Research Letters, 34, L16602.

    Mitchum, G. T., R. S. Nerem, M. A. Merrifield, and W. R. Gehrels, 2010: Modern Sea-Level-Change Estimates. Understanding Sea-Level Rise and Variability, J. A. Church, P. L. Woodworth, T. Aarup, and W. S. Wilson, Eds., Wiley-Blackwell.

    Nakano, T., I. Kaneko, T. Soga, H. Tsujino, T. Yasuda, H. Ishizaki, and M. Kamachi, 2007: Mid-depth freshening in the North Pacific subtropical gyre observed along the JMA repeat and WOCE hydrographic sections. Geophysical Research Letters, 34, L23608.

    Nerem, R. S., D. P. Chambers, C. Choe, and G. T. Mitchum, 2010: Estimating mean sea level change from the TOPEX and Jason altimeter missions. Marine Geodesy, 33, 435-446.

    Nerem, R. S., D. P. Chambers, E. W. Leuliette, G. T. Mitchum, and B. S. Giese, 1999: Variations in global mean sea level associated with the 1997-1998 ENSO event: Implications for measuring long term sea level change. Geophysical Research Letters, 26, 3005-3008.

    Olsen, A., A. M. Omar, E. Jeansson, L. G. Anderson, and R. G. J. Bellerby, 2010: Nordic seas transit time distributions and anthropogenic CO2. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 115, C05005.

    Orr, J. C., 2011: Recent and future changes in ocean carbonate chemistry. Ocean Acidification, J.-P. Guttuso, and L. Hansson, Eds., Oxford University Press, 41-66.

    Orsi, A. H., G. C. Johnson, and J. L. Bullister, 1999: Circulation, mixing, and production of Antarctic Bottom Water. Progress in Oceanography, 43, 55-109.

    Peltier, W. R., R. Drummond, and K. Roy, 2012: Comment on “Ocean mass from GRACE and glacial isostatic adjustment” by D. P. Chambers et al. Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth, 117, B11403.

    Pierce, D. W., P. J. Gleckler, T. P. Barnett, B. D. Santer, and P. J. Durack, 2012: The fingerprint of human-induced changes in the ocean’s salinity and temperature fields. Geophysical Research Letters, 39.

    Pinker, R. T., H. M. Wang, and S. A. Grodsky, 2009: How good are ocean buoy observations of radiative fluxes? Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L10811.

    Polyakov, I. V., A. V. Pnyushkov, and L. A. Timokhov, 2012: Warming of the Intermediate Atlantic Water of the Arctic Ocean in the 2000s. Journal of Climate, 25, 8362-8370.

    Ponte, R. M., 2012: An assessment of deep steric height variability over the global ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L04601.

    Potemra, J. T., and N. Schneider, 2007: Interannual variations of the Indonesian throughflow. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 112, C05035.

    Ray, R. D., and B. C. Douglas, 2011: Experiments in reconstructing twentieth-century sea levels. Progress in Oceanography, 91, 496-515.

    Rhein, M., et al., 2011: Deep water formation, the subpolar gyre, and the meridional overturning circulation in the subpolar North Atlantic. Deep-Sea Research Part II-Topical Studies in Oceanography, 58, 1819-1832.

    Rienecker, M. M., et al., 2011: MERRA: NASA’s Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Applications. Journal of Climate, 24, 3624-3648.

    Rintoul, S. R., 2007: Rapid freshening of Antarctic Bottom Water formed in the Indian and Pacific oceans. Geophysical Research Letters, 34, L06606.

    Rintoul, S. R., S. Sokolov, and J. Church, 2002: A 6 year record of baroclinic transport variability of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current at 140°E derived from expendable bathythermograph and altimeter measurements. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 107, 3155.

    ——, 2011: The global ocean imprint of ENSO. Geophysical Research Letters, 38, L13606.

    Roemmich, D., W. J. Gould, and J. Gilson, 2012: 135 years of global ocean warming between the Challenger expedition and the Argo Programme. Nature Climate Change, 2, 425-428.

    Schanze, J. J., R. W. Schmitt, and L. L. Yu, 2010: The global oceanic freshwater cycle: A state-of-the-art quantification. Journal of Marine Research, 68, 569-595.

    Smith, D. M., and J. M. Murphy, 2007: An objective ocean temperature and salinity analysis using covariances from a global climate model. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 112, C02022.

    Sokolov, S., and S. R. Rintoul, 2009: Circumpolar structure and distribution of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current fronts: 2. Variability and relationship to sea surface height. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 114, C11019.

    Spada, G., and G. Galassi, 2012: New estimates of secular sea level rise from tide gauge data and GIA modelling. Geophysical Journal International, 191, 1067-1094.

    Sprintall, J., S. Wijffels, T. Chereskin, and N. Bray, 2002: The JADE and WOCE I10/IR6 Throughflow sections in the southeast Indian Ocean. Part 2: velocity and transports. Deep-Sea Research Part II-Topical Studies in Oceanography, 49, 1363-1389.

    Sprintall, J., S. E. Wijffels, R. Molcard, and I. Jaya, 2009: Direct estimates of the Indonesian Throughflow entering the Indian Ocean: 2004-2006. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 114, C07001. [FULL TEXT]

    Stammer, D., et al., 2010: Multi-Model Ensemble Ocean Synthesis in Support of Climate Diagnostics. OceanObs’09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society, J. Hall, D. E. Harrison, and D. Stammer, Eds., European Space Agency. [NOT FOUND]

    Stendardo, I., and N. Gruber, 2012: Oxygen trends over five decades in the North Atlantic. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 117, C11004.

    Stott, P. A., R. T. Sutton, and D. M. Smith, 2008: Detection and attribution of Atlantic salinity changes. Geophysical Research Letters, 35, L21702.

    Stramma, L., S. Schmidtko, L. A. Levin, and G. C. Johnson, 2010: Ocean oxygen minima expansions and their biological impacts. Deep-Sea Research Part I-Oceanographic Research Papers, 57, 587-595.

    Sturges, W., and B. C. Douglas, 2011: Wind effects on estimates of sea level rise. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 116, C06008.

    Susanto, R. D., A. Ffield, A. L. Gordon, and T. R. Adi, 2012: Variability of Indonesian throughflow within Makassar Strait, 2004-2009. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 117, C09013.

    Swart, N. C., and J. C. Fyfe, 2012: Observed and simulated changes in the Southern Hemisphere surface westerly windstress. Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L16711.

    Swart, S., S. Speich, I. J. Ansorge, G. J. Goni, S. Gladyshev, and J. R. E. Lutjeharms, 2008: Transport and variability of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current South of Africa. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 113, C09014.

    Swift, J. H., and A. H. Orsi, 2012: Sixty-four days of hydrography and storms: RVIB Nathaniel B. Palmer’s 2011 S04P Cruise. Oceanography, 25, 54-55.

    Takahashi, T., S. C. Sutherland, R. A. Feely, and R. Wanninkhof, 2006: Decadal change of the surface water pCO2 in the North Pacific: A synthesis of 35 years of observations. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 111, C07s05.

    Tanhua, T., E. P. Jones, E. Jeansson, S. Jutterstrom, W. M. Smethie, D. W. R. Wallace, and L. G. Anderson, 2009: Ventilation of the Arctic Ocean: Mean ages and inventories of anthropogenic CO2 and CFC-11. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 114, C01002.

    Trenberth, K. E., et al., 2007: Observations: Surface and Atmospheric Climate Change. Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, S. Solomon, et al., Eds., Cambridge University Press.

    Vargas-Yáñez, M., et al., 2010: How much is the western Mediterranean really warming and salting? Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 115, C04001.

    Vilibic, I., and J. Sepic, 2010: Long-term variability and trends of sea level storminess and extremes in European Seas. Global and Planetary Change, 71, 1-12.

    Wang, X., Y. Feng, and V. R. Swail, 2012: North Atlantic wave height trends as reconstructed from the Twentieth Century Reanalysis. Geophysical Research Letters, 39, L18705.

    Wang, X. L. L., V. R. Swail, F. W. Zwiers, X. B. Zhang, and Y. Feng, 2009: Detection of external influence on trends of atmospheric storminess and northern oceans wave heights. Climate Dynamics, 32, 189-203. [FULL TEXT]

    Wanninkhof, R., G. H. Park, T. Takahashi, R. A. Feely, J. L. Bullister, and S. C. Doney, 2013: Changes in deep-water CO2 concentrations over the last several decades determined from discrete pCO2 measurements. Deep-Sea Research Part I-Oceanographic Research Papers, 74, 48-63.

    Watson, A. J., et al., 2009: Tracking the variable North Atlantic sink for atmospheric CO2. Science, 326, 1391-1393.

    Watson, P. J., 2011: Is there evidence yet of an acceleration in mean sea level rise around mainland Australia? Journal of Coastal Research, 27, 368 – 377.

    Wentz, F. J., and L. Ricciardulli, 2011: Comment on “Global trends in wind speed and wave height”. Science, 334, 905-905.

    Whitney, F. A., H. J. Freeland, and M. Robert, 2007: Persistently declining oxygen levels in the interior waters of the eastern subarctic Pacific. Progress in Oceanography, 75, 179-199.

    Wong, C. S., L. S. Xie, and W. W. Hsieh, 2007: Variations in nutrients, carbon and other hydrographic parameters related to the 1976/77 and 1988/89 regime shifts in the sub-arctic Northeast Pacific. Progress in Oceanography, 75, 326-342.

    Woodworth, P. L., 1990: A search for accelerations in records of European mean sea-level. International Journal of Climatology, 10, 129-143.

    ——, 1999: High waters at Liverpool since 1768: the UK’s longest sea level record. Geophysical Research Letters, 26, 1589-1592.

    Wöppelmann, G., et al., 2009: Rates of sea-level change over the past century in a geocentric reference frame. Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L12607.

    Yang, X. Y., R. X. Huang, and D. X. Wang, 2007: Decadal changes of wind stress over the Southern Ocean associated with Antarctic ozone depletion. Journal of Climate, 20, 3395-3410. [FULL TEXT]

    Yashayaev, I., 2007: Hydrographic changes in the Labrador Sea, 1960-2005. Progress in Oceanography, 73, 242-276.

    Young, I. R., A. V. Babanin, and S. Zieger, 2011b: Response to comment on “Global trends in wind speed and wave height”. Science, 334, 905-905.

    Yu, L., 2011: A global relationship between the ocean water cycle and near-surface salinity. Journal of Geophysical Research-Oceans, 116, C10025.

    Zenk, W., and E. Morozov, 2007: Decadal warming of the coldest Antarctic Bottom Water flow through the Vema Channel. Geophysical Research Letters, 34, L14607.

  3. Ari Jokimäki said

    Some of those might have full texts available if one makes a thorough search. My initial search was not very thorough (because it is so long list) and I only included those I could find immediately without further effort.

  4. jyyh said

    Sorry, I don’t know what went into me. Yes, I thought so that this is not an exhaustive search. I probably refrain from doing this for more chapters. I checked your list against the preprint (not accepted in detail) and you didn’t leave any references out. (Now expecting some denier to check the claim of complete list of references, as my statements won’t be trusted in those circles). Expecting also that as long there’s a single study in the AR5 that’s not on the net with full text, background data and no admission fee nor account requirements to verify who reads these, there are doubts of conspiracy ;-), ‘what is written in these hidden papers’?!?! All the same, happy new year, Hoping for less snow than in the past 3 winters.

  5. Ari Jokimäki said

    So far so good on that one…

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