AGW Observer

Observations of anthropogenic global warming

New research – January 2015

Posted by Ari Jokimäki on February 2, 2015

Some selected papers as included in my New research stream in Twitter and in Facebook during January 2015. There are 145 papers, which makes it about 4.7 papers per day.


ERA-Interim/Land: a global land surface reanalysis data set (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Global hourly land surface air temperature datasets: inter-comparison and climate change [ABSTRACT]

Recent global warming hiatus dominated by low latitude temperature trends in surface and troposphere data [ABSTRACT]

The global warming hiatus—a natural product of interactions of a secular warming trend and a multi-decadal oscillation [ABSTRACT]

The recent global-warming hiatus: What is the role of Pacific variability? [ABSTRACT]

Ratios of record high to record low temperatures in Europe exhibit sharp increases since 2000 despite a slowdown in the rise of mean temperatures [ABSTRACT]

China experiences the recent warming hiatus [ABSTRACT]

Regions of significant influence on unforced global mean surface air temperature variability in climate models [ABSTRACT]

The impact of urbanization and the urban heat island effect on day to day temperature variation [ABSTRACT]

Seasonality in Future Tropical Lower Stratospheric Temperature Trends [ABSTRACT]

Spatial and temporal temperature trends in the lower stratosphere during the extended boreal winter from reanalyses [ABSTRACT]

Recent changes in Georgia’s temperature means and extremes: Annual and seasonal trends between 1961 and 2010 (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Assessing the accuracy of the climate data of the grid database (CRU TS 2.1) in the territory of Kazakhstan [ABSTRACT]

Climate change in the City of Àlmaty during the past 120 years [ABSTRACT]

Recent changes of temperature extremes over Italy: an index-based analysis [ABSTRACT]

Artificial Amplification of Warming Trends Across the Mountains of the Western United States [ABSTRACT]

Earth’s energy imbalance since 1960 in observations and CMIP5 models [ABSTRACT]

A comparison between simulated and observed surface energy balance at the Svalbard archipelago [ABSTRACT]

Designing Detection and Attribution simulations for CMIP6 to Optimize the Estimation of Greenhouse-gas Induced Warming [ABSTRACT]

Skill of regional and global model forecast over Indian region [ABSTRACT]

Modelling long-term monthly temperatures by several data-driven methods using geographical inputs [ABSTRACT]

A historical perspective on climate change assessment [ABSTRACT]

The elevation dependency of 21st century European climate change: an RCM ensemble perspective [ABSTRACT]

Erythemal ultraviolet irradiation trends in the Iberian Peninsula from 1950 to 2011 (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Empirical Removal of Artifacts from the ISCCP and PATMOS-x Satellite Cloud Records [ABSTRACT]

A global survey of cloud overlap based on CALIPSO and CloudSat measurements (open access) [ABSTRACT]

The influence of cloud feedbacks on equatorial Atlantic variability [ABSTRACT]

Circulation response to warming shaped by radiative changes of clouds and water vapour [ABSTRACT]

Impact of aerosol radiative effects on 2000–2010 surface temperatures [ABSTRACT]

A standardized global climate model study showing unique properties for the climate response to black carbon aerosols [ABSTRACT]

In-situ observations of black carbon in snow and the corresponding spectral surface albedo reduction [ABSTRACT]

Carbon storage versus albedo change: radiative forcing of forest expansion in temperate mountainous regions of Switzerland (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Global analysis of radiative forcing from fire-induced shortwave albedo change (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Projected Changes in Climate Extremes over the Northeastern United States [ABSTRACT]

Changes in observed climate extremes in global urban areas (open accerss) [ABSTRACT]

Central American biomass burning smoke can increase tornado severity in the U.S [ABSTRACT]

Climatology, Storm Morphologies, and Environments of Tornadoes in the British Isles: 1980–2012 [ABSTRACT]

Low frequency storminess signal at Bermuda linked to cooling events in the North Atlantic region [ABSTRACT]

European drought climatologies and trends based on a multi-indicator approach [ABSTRACT]

Estimating the water needed to end the drought or reduce the drought severity in the Carpathian region (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Joining Forces in a Global Flood Partnership (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Heavy precipitation in a changing climate: Does short-term summer precipitation increase faster? [ABSTRACT]

A New Metric for Indian Monsoon Rainfall Extremes [ABSTRACT]

An observational evidence of decrease in Indian summer monsoon rainfall in the recent three decades of global warming era [ABSTRACT]

Evidence for a wavier jet stream in response to rapid Arctic warming (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Recent summer Arctic atmospheric circulation anomalies in a historical perspective (open access) [ABSTRACT]

A delayed oscillator model for the quasi-periodic multidecadal variability of the NAO [ABSTRACT]

Impacts of the Atlantic Equatorial Mode in a warmer climate (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Impact of anomalous northward oceanic heat transport on global climate in a slab-ocean setting [ABSTRACT]

A surface wind extremes (“Wind Lulls” and “Wind Blows”) climatology for central North America and adjoining oceans (1979-2012) [ABSTRACT]

Detectability of CO2 flux signals by a space-based lidar mission [ABSTRACT]

Constructing accurate maps of atmospheric water vapor by combining interferometric synthetic aperture radar and GNSS observations [ABSTRACT]

Spatial and temporal variability of water vapor pressure in the arid region of northwest China, during 1961–2011 [ABSTRACT]

The Montreal Protocol: how today’s successes offer a pathway to the future [ABSTRACT]

Lessons from the stratospheric ozone layer protection for climate [ABSTRACT]

Global versus local effects on climate change in Asia [ABSTRACT]

Internal climate memory in observations and models [ABSTRACT]

Gordon Valentine Manley and his contribution to the study of climate change: a review of his life and work (open access) [ABSTRACT]


The Arctic is unravelling [ABSTRACT]

Sudden drainage of a subglacial lake beneath the Greenland Ice Sheet (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Mass changes in Arctic ice caps and glaciers: implications of regionalizing elevation changes (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Glacier change in the Cariboo Mountains, British Columbia, Canada (1952–2005) (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Stable climate and surface mass balance in Svalbard over 1979–2013 despite the Arctic warming (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Quantifying mass balance processes on the Southern Patagonia Icefield (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Underwater acoustic signatures of glacier calving [ABSTRACT]

Arctic warming: nonlinear impacts of sea-ice and glacier melt on seabird foraging [ABSTRACT]

The role of ocean-atmosphere coupling in the zonal mean atmospheric response to Arctic sea ice loss [ABSTRACT]

The role of atmospheric uncertainty in Arctic summer sea ice data assimilation and prediction [ABSTRACT]

Seasonal ice loss in the Beaufort Sea: Toward synchrony and prediction [ABSTRACT]

The refreezing of melt ponds on Arctic sea ice [ABSTRACT]

Large amounts of labile organic carbon in permafrost soils of Northern Alaska [ABSTRACT]

Observing Muostakh disappear: permafrost thaw subsidence and erosion of a ground-ice-rich island in response to arctic summer warming and sea ice reduction (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Icing conditions over Northern Eurasia in changing climate (open access) [ABSTRACT]

The sensitivity of wet and dry tropical forests to climate change in Bolivia [ABSTRACT]

Long-term changes in soil pH across major forest ecosystems in China [ABSTRACT]

Regional Variations in Potential Plant Habitat Changes in Response to Multiple Global Warming Scenarios [ABSTRACT]

Biosphere-climate interactions in a changing climate over North America [ABSTRACT]

Climate-driven extinctions shape the phylogenetic structure of temperate tree floras [ABSTRACT]

A review of the biophysical impacts of climate change in three hotspot regions in Africa and Asia [ABSTRACT]

Is drought-induced forest dieback globally increasing? (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Tree growth variation in the tropical forest: understanding effects of temperature, rainfall and CO2 [ABSTRACT]

Rain events decrease boreal peatland net CO2 uptake through reduced light availability [ABSTRACT]

A boreal invasion in response to climate change? Range shifts and community effects in the borderland between forest and tundra (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Has the advancing onset of spring vegetation green-up slowed down or changed abruptly over the last three decades? [ABSTRACT]

Cascading effects of climate extremes on vertebrate fauna through changes to low-latitude tree flowering and fruiting phenology [ABSTRACT]

Climate change, phenology, and butterfly host plant utilization (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Change in spring arrival of migratory birds under an era of climate change, Swedish data from the last 140 years (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Patterns of bird migration phenology in South Africa suggest northern hemisphere climate as the most consistent driver of change [ABSTRACT]

Anticipated climate and land-cover changes reveal refuge areas for Borneo’s orang-utans (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Asymmetric impact of the physiological effect of carbon dioxide on hydrological responses to instantaneous negative and positive CO2 forcing [ABSTRACT]

Potential predictability of malaria in Africa using ECMWF monthly and seasonal climate forecasts [ABSTRACT]

Climate change and marine benthos: a review of existing research and future directions in the North Atlantic [ABSTRACT]

Chlorophyll a reconstruction from in-situ measurements, Part II: Marked carbon uptake decrease in the last century [ABSTRACT]

Climate change enhances primary production in the western antarctic peninsula [ABSTRACT]

Ocean acidification along the 24.5°N section in the subtropical North Atlantic [ABSTRACT]

Ocean acidification accelerates dissolution of experimental coral reef communities (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Acidification effects on biofouling communities: winners and losers (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Secondary calcification and dissolution respond differently to future ocean conditions (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Calcification is not the Achilles’ heel of cold-water corals in an acidifying ocean [ABSTRACT]

Forecasted coral reef decline in marine biodiversity hotspots under climate change [ABSTRACT]

Improved sea level record over the satellite altimetry era (1993–2010) from the Climate Change Initiative project (open access) [ABSTRACT]

The Global Impacts of Extreme Sea-Level Rise: A Comprehensive Economic Assessment (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Importance and origin of halosteric contribution to sea level change in the southeast Indian Ocean during 2005-2013 [ABSTRACT]

Impact of Greenland orography on the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation [ABSTRACT]

Detecting changes in marine responses to ENSO from 850–2100 CE: insights from the ocean carbon cycle [ABSTRACT]

Rising atmospheric CO2 leads to large impact of biology on Southern Ocean CO2 uptake via changes of the Revelle factor [ABSTRACT]

The age of river-transported carbon: a global perspective [ABSTRACT]

Peru-Chile upwelling dynamics under climate change [ABSTRACT]

Decrease in water clarity of the southern and central North Sea during the 20th-century [ABSTRACT]

The response of lake variations to climate change in the past forty years: A case study of the northeastern Tibetan Plateau and adjacent areas, China [ABSTRACT]

Climate driven vertical acceleration of Icelandic crust measured by CGPS geodesy [ABSTRACT]

Exploring climate change impacts and adaptation options for maize production in the Central Rift Valley of Ethiopia using different climate change scenarios and crop models [ABSTRACT]

How Climate Change Affects Extremes in Maize and Wheat Yield in Two Cropping Regions [ABSTRACT]

Projected changes in Malawi’s growing season [ABSTRACT]

Assessing the limits of bias correcting climate model outputs for climate change impact studies [ABSTRACT]


Top-down estimates of European CH4 and N2O emissions based on four different inverse models (open access) [ABSTRACT]

North America’s net terrestrial CO2 exchange with the atmosphere 1990–2009 (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Axial-obliquity control on the greenhouse carbon budget through mid- to high-latitude reservoirs [ABSTRACT]

Environmental impacts of electricity generation at global, regional and national scales in 1980-2011: What can we learn for future energy planning? [ABSTRACT]

A missing link? The case of Norway and Sweden: Does increased renewable energy production impact domestic greenhouse gas emissions? [ABSTRACT]

Uncertainties in future energy demand in UK residential heating [ABSTRACT]

The potential to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the UK through healthy and realistic dietary change [ABSTRACT]

Mapping the scientific research on life cycle assessment: a bibliometric analysis [ABSTRACT]

Scenario analysis of life cycle greenhouse gas emissions of Darjeeling tea [ABSTRACT]

Dual high-stake emerging technologies: a review of the climate engineering research literature (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Assessing the controllability of Arctic sea ice extent by sulfate aerosol geoengineering [ABSTRACT]

The potential contribution to climate change mitigation from temporary carbon storage in biomaterials [ABSTRACT]

Modeling California policy impacts on greenhouse gas emissions [ABSTRACT]

Labeling opinions in the climate debate: a critical review [ABSTRACT]


Measuring the skill of variance-scaled climate reconstructions and a test for the capture of extremes [ABSTRACT]

Holocene shifts of the Southern Westerlies across the South Atlantic [ABSTRACT]

A deadly cocktail: How a drought around 4200 cal. yr BP caused mass mortality events at the infamous ‘dodo swamp’ in Mauritius [ABSTRACT]

An aggregated climate teleconnection index linked to historical Egyptian famines of the last thousand years [ABSTRACT]

Early to middle Miocene vegetation history of Antarctica supports eccentricity-paced warming intervals during the Antarctic icehouse phase [ABSTRACT]

Tree ring effects and ice core acidities clarify the volcanic record of the first millennium (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Human adaptation strategies to abrupt climate change in Puerto Rico ca. 3.5 ka [ABSTRACT]

Long-term winter warming trend in the Siberian Arctic during the mid- to late Holocene [ABSTRACT]

Tree ring evidence of late summer warming in Sikkim, northeast India [ABSTRACT]

Shrubs tracing sea surface temperature—Calluna vulgaris on the Faroe Islands [ABSTRACT]

Stable “Waterbelt” climates controlled by tropical ocean heat transport: a non-linear coupled climate mechanism of relevance to Snowball Earth [ABSTRACT]

Tree-ring δ18O in African mahogany (Entandrophragma utile) records regional precipitation and can be used for climate reconstructions [ABSTRACT]


Crowdsourcing for climate and atmospheric sciences: current status and future potential [ABSTRACT]

The trajectory of the Anthropocene: The Great Acceleration [ABSTRACT]

When the long run matters [ABSTRACT]

Estimates of global dew collection potential on artificial surfaces (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Posted in Climate science | 1 Comment »

New research – December 2014

Posted by Ari Jokimäki on December 31, 2014

Some selected papers as included in my New research stream in Twitter and in Facebook during December 2014. There are 127 papers, which makes it about 4.1 papers per day.


Early twentieth-century warming linked to tropical Pacific wind strength ABSTRACT
Removing diurnal cycle contamination in satellite-derived tropospheric temperatures: Understanding tropical tropospheric trend discrepancies ABSTRACT
Long-term changes in summer temperature anomaly patterns in Japan since the early 20th century ABSTRACT
Time irreversibility of mean temperature anomaly variations over China ABSTRACT
Changes to the temporal distribution of daily precipitation ABSTRACT
The Oslo temperature series 1837–2012: homogeneity testing and temperature analysis ABSTRACT
Decadal variability of clouds, solar radiation and temperature at a high-latitude coastal site in Norway (open access) ABSTRACT
Using land cover, population and night light data for assessing local temperature differences in Mainz, Germany ABSTRACT
Is the Monthly Temperature Climate of the United States Becoming More Extreme? ABSTRACT
Variations in extreme temperature and precipitation for a Caribbean island: Trinidad ABSTRACT
World’s greatest rainfall intensities observed by satellites ABSTRACT
Changing characteristics of precipitation during 1960–2012 in Inner Mongolia, northern China ABSTRACT
Hierarchical analysis of rainfall variability across Nigeria ABSTRACT
Small lakes show muted climate change signal in deep-water temperatures ABSTRACT
Spectral signatures of Earth’s climate variability over 5 years from IASI ABSTRACT
Sensitivity of climate to cumulative carbon emissions due to compensation of ocean heat and carbon uptake ABSTRACT
Maximum warming occurs about one decade after a carbon dioxide emission (open access) ABSTRACT
Understanding the systematic air temperature biases in a coupled climate system model through a process-based decomposition method ABSTRACT
Feedback attribution of the land-sea warming contrast in a global warming simulation of the NCAR CCSM4 (open access) ABSTRACT
Relationship between sunshine duration and air temperature and contemporary global warming ABSTRACT
Seasonal cycle and long-term trend of solar energy fluxes through Arctic sea ice (open access) ABSTRACT
Effects of Arctic haze on surface cloud radiative forcing ABSTRACT
On the role of sulfates in recent global warming: a Granger causality analysis ABSTRACT
Observed multi-variable signals of late 20th and early 21st century volcanic activity ABSTRACT
Evaluating biases in simulated snow albedo feedback in two generations of climate models ABSTRACT
Potential climate forcing of land use and land cover change (open access) ABSTRACT
Assessing climatic impacts of future land use and land cover change projected with the CanESM2 model ABSTRACT
Biogeophysical impacts of peatland forestation on regional climate changes in Finland (open access) ABSTRACT
Arctic greening can cause earlier seasonality of Arctic amplification ABSTRACT
The extreme drought episode of August 2011–May 2012 in the Czech Republic ABSTRACT
How unusual is the 2012-2014 California drought? ABSTRACT
Global Warming and Changes in Risk of Concurrent Climate Extremes: Insights from the 2014 California Drought ABSTRACT
Investigating uncertainties in global gridded datasets of climate extremes (open access) ABSTRACT
Cold extremes in North America vs. mild weather in Europe: the winter 2013/2014 in the context of a warming world (open access) ABSTRACT
Future increase of super-typhoon intensity associated with climate change ABSTRACT
The effect of global warming on severe thunderstorms in the United States ABSTRACT
Fatalities of neglect: adapt to more intense hurricanes under global warming? ABSTRACT
Are Special Processes At Work in the Rapid Intensification of Tropical Cyclones? ABSTRACT
Return periods of losses associated with European windstorm series in a changing climate (open access) ABSTRACT
The impact of natural and anthropogenic climate change on Western North Pacific tropical cyclone tracks ABSTRACT
Understanding the El Niño-like oceanic response in the tropical Pacific to global warming ABSTRACT
ENSO influence upon global temperature in nature and in CMIP5 simulations ABSTRACT
The Curious Case of the El Niño That Never Happened: A perspective from 40 years of progress in climate research and forecasting (open access) ABSTRACT
Land surface anomalies preceding the 2010 Russian heat wave and a link to the North Atlantic oscillation (open access) ABSTRACT
The effect of the North Atlantic Oscillation on the Iraqi climate 1982–2000 ABSTRACT
Stratospheric lifetime ratio of CFC-11 and CFC-12 from satellite and model climatologies (open access) ABSTRACT
Stratospheric ozone depletion from future nitrous oxide increases (open access) ABSTRACT
The impact of polar stratospheric ozone loss on Southern Hemisphere stratospheric circulation and climate (open access) ABSTRACT
Is the present the key to the future? ABSTRACT
Practising historical climatology in West Africa: a climatic periodisation 1750–1800 ABSTRACT


Increasing temperature forcing reduces the Greenland Ice Sheet’s response time scale ABSTRACT
Assessing spatio-temporal variability and trends in modelled and measured Greenland Ice Sheet albedo (2000–2013) (open access) ABSTRACT
Subsurface imaging reveals a confined aquifer beneath an ice-sealed Antarctic lake ABSTRACT
Estimating the volume of glaciers in the Himalayan–Karakoram region using different methods (open access) ABSTRACT
Direct measurement of glacier thinning on the southern Tibetan Plateau (Gurenhekou, Kangwure and Naimona’Nyi glaciers) ABSTRACT
Deglaciation of the Caucasus Mountains, Russia/Georgia, in the 21st century observed with ASTER satellite imagery and aerial photography (open access) ABSTRACT
Post-LIA glacier changes along a latitudinal transect in the Central Italian Alps (open access) ABSTRACT
Glacier topography and elevation changes derived from Pléiades sub-meter stereo images (open access) ABSTRACT
Rapid dynamic activation of a marine-based Arctic ice cap ABSTRACT
Recent advances in understanding the Arctic climate system state and change from a sea ice perspective: a review (open access) ABSTRACT
Atmospheric Response in Summer linked to Recent Arctic Sea Ice Loss ABSTRACT
Reduced risk of North American cold extremes due to continued Arctic sea ice loss ABSTRACT
Observed and simulated changes in Antarctic sea ice extent over the past 50 years ABSTRACT
Temperature sensitivity as an explanation of the latitudinal pattern of green-up date trend in Northern Hemisphere vegetation during 1982–2008 ABSTRACT
No growth stimulation of tropical trees by 150 years of CO2 fertilization but water-use efficiency increased ABSTRACT
Greater deciduous shrub abundance extends tundra peak season and increases modeled net CO2 uptake ABSTRACT
Temperature-induced recruitment pulses of Arctic dwarf shrub communities ABSTRACT
Assessing phenological change and climatic control of alpine grasslands in the Tibetan Plateau with MODIS time series ABSTRACT
Determining the relative importance of climatic drivers on spring phenology in grassland ecosystems of semi-arid areas ABSTRACT
Climate-induced changes in host tree-insect phenology may drive ecological state-shift in boreal forest ABSTRACT
General patterns of acclimation of leaf respiration to elevated temperatures across biomes and plant types ABSTRACT
Fruitful factors: what limits seed production of flowering plants in the alpine? ABSTRACT
Latitudinal gradients in the productivity of European migrant warblers have not shifted northwards during a period of climate change ABSTRACT
Directionality of recent bird distribution shifts and climate change in Great Britain ABSTRACT
Drivers of trophic amplification of ocean productivity trends in a changing climate (open access) ABSTRACT
Limpets counteract ocean acidification induced shell corrosion by thickening of aragonitic shell layers (open access) ABSTRACT
Projected pH reductions by 2100 might put deep North Atlantic biodiversity at risk (open access) ABSTRACT
Galápagos Coral Reef Persistence after ENSO Warming Across an Acidification Gradient ABSTRACT
Detecting and understanding the accelerated sea level rise along the east coast of U.S. during recent decades ABSTRACT
How the AMOC affects ocean temperatures on decadal to centennial timescales: the North Atlantic versus an interhemispheric seesaw ABSTRACT
Global radiative adjustment after a collapse of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation ABSTRACT
Critical elevation levels for flooding due to sea-level rise in Hawai‘i ABSTRACT
From the extreme to the mean: Acceleration and tipping points of coastal inundation from sea level rise (open access) ABSTRACT
Joint effects of storm surge and sea-level rise on US Coasts: new economic estimates of impacts, adaptation, and benefits of mitigation policy (open access) ABSTRACT
Multimodel simulations of Arctic Ocean sea surface height variability in the period 1970–2009 ABSTRACT
Climate change and sectors of the surface water cycle In CMIP5 projections (open access) ABSTRACT
Managing the Anthropocene marine transgression to the year 2100 and beyond in the State of Florida U.S.A. ABSTRACT
On the hiatus in the acceleration of tropical upwelling since the beginning of the 21st century (open access) ABSTRACT
Quantification of hydrologic impacts of climate change in a Mediterranean basin in Sardinia, Italy, through high-resolution simulations (open access) ABSTRACT
Responses of global terrestrial evapotranspiration to climate change and increasing atmospheric CO2 in the 21st century (open access) ABSTRACT
Diurnal temperature range and short-term mortality in large US communities ABSTRACT
Macro-economic cycles related to climate change in dynastic China ABSTRACT
Climate change and Chinese history: a review of trends, topics, and methods ABSTRACT
Association between climate factors and diarrhoea in a Mekong Delta area ABSTRACT


Satellite-inferred European carbon sink larger than expected (open access) ABSTRACT
Estimated stocks of circumpolar permafrost carbon with quantified uncertainty ranges and identified data gaps (open access) ABSTRACT
Nitrogen availability reduces CMIP5 projections of 21st century land carbon uptake ABSTRACT
Observing terrestrial ecosystems and the carbon cycle from space ABSTRACT
Net regional methane sink in High Arctic soils of northeast Greenland ABSTRACT
Managing short-lived climate forcers in curbing climate change: an atmospheric chemistry synopsis ABSTRACT
Key role for nuclear energy in global biodiversity conservation (open access) ABSTRACT
China’s approach to nuclear safety — From the perspective of policy and institutional system ABSTRACT
Radioactivity impacts of the Fukushima Nuclear Accident on the atmosphere ABSTRACT
Effects of Climate Oscillations on Wind Resource Variability in the United States ABSTRACT
Climate change induced transformations of agricultural systems: insights from a global model (open access) ABSTRACT
The Role of Carbon Capture and Sequestration Policies for Climate Change Mitigation ABSTRACT
Increase in surface albedo caused by agricultural plastic film ABSTRACT
Stratospheric dynamics and midlatitude jets under geoengineering with space mirrors, and sulfate and titania aerosols ABSTRACT
Climate change: the necessary, the possible and the desirable (open access) ABSTRACT
Unilateral Climate Policies: Incentives and Effects ABSTRACT
Corruption and Climate Change Policies: Do the Bad Old Days Matter? ABSTRACT
Disentangling the ranges: climate policy scenarios for China and India ABSTRACT
People as sensors: Mass media and local temperature influence climate change discussion on Twitter ABSTRACT
Perceptions of climate change risk in four disaster-impacted rural Australian towns ABSTRACT
Social vulnerability in three high-poverty climate change hot spots: What does the climate change literature tell us? ABSTRACT
Five reasons why it is difficult to talk to Australian farmers about the impacts of, and their adaptation to, climate change ABSTRACT


Interaction of ice sheets and climate during the past 800 000 years (open access) ABSTRACT
Detecting long-term growth trends using tree rings: A critical evaluation of methods ABSTRACT
Early summer temperatures reconstructed from black pine (Pinus nigra Arnold) tree-ring widths from Albania ABSTRACT
Damaging hailstorms in South Moravia, Czech Republic, in the seventeenth to twentieth centuries as derived from taxation records ABSTRACT
Millennial meridional dynamics of the Indo-Pacific Warm Pool during the last termination (open access) ABSTRACT
Interdecadal Pacific variability and eastern Australian mega-droughts over the last millennium ABSTRACT
Two massive, rapid releases of carbon during the onset of the Palaeocene–Eocene thermal maximum ABSTRACT
Enhanced 20th-century heat transfer to the Arctic simulated in the context of climate variations over the last millennium (open access) ABSTRACT
Revision of the EPICA Dome C CO2 record from 800 to 600 kyr before present ABSTRACT


Detecting change in urban areas at continental scales with MODIS data ABSTRACT
Is the Anthropocene really worthy of a formal geologic definition? (open access) ABSTRACT

Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a Comment »

New research – November 2014

Posted by Ari Jokimäki on December 3, 2014

Some selected papers as included in my New research stream in Twitter and in Facebook during November 2014. There are 119 papers, which makes it about 4.0 papers per day.


Surface warming hiatus caused by increased heat uptake across multiple ocean basins [ABSTRACT]

Summertime land–sea thermal contrast and atmospheric circulation over East Asia in a warming climate—Part II: Importance of CO2-induced continental warming (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Measuring persistence in time series of temperature anomalies [ABSTRACT]

HadISDH land surface multi-variable humidity and temperature record for climate monitoring (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Abrupt termination of the 2012 Pacific warming and its implication on ENSO prediction (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Antarctic bottom water temperature changes in the western South Atlantic from 1989-2014 [ABSTRACT]

Recalibration and Merging of SSU Observations for Stratospheric Temperature Trend Studies [ABSTRACT]

Observed groundwater temperature response to recent climate change (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Trends in hemispheric warm and cold anomalies [ABSTRACT]

Arctic temperature trends from the early nineteenth century to the present [ABSTRACT]

Tropical Temperature Trends in AMIP Simulations and the Impact of SST Uncertainties [ABSTRACT]

Climate variations in northern Xinjiang of China over the past 50 years under global warming [ABSTRACT]

Interannual variations and trends in surface air temperature in Finland in relation to atmospheric circulation patterns, 1961–2011 [ABSTRACT]

Temperature changes in the North-Western Italian Alps from 1961 to 2010 [ABSTRACT]

Spatiotemporal characterization of land surface temperature in Mount Kilimanjaro using satellite data [ABSTRACT]

Early-nineteenth-century southern African precipitation reconstructions from ships’ logbooks [ABSTRACT]

Climate change in Argentina: trends, projections, impacts and adaptation [ABSTRACT]

Variability of surface air temperature in Tampico, northeastern Mexico [ABSTRACT]

Trends in Daily Temperature and Precipitation Extremes for the Southeastern United States: 1948-2012 [ABSTRACT]

Rising air and stream-water temperatures in Chesapeake Bay region, USA [ABSTRACT]

Why Logarithmic? A Note on the Dependence of Radiative Forcing on Gas Concentration [ABSTRACT]

Earth’s Climate Sensitivity: Apparent Inconsistencies in Recent Assessments (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Has Coarse Ocean Resolution Biased Simulations of Transient Climate Sensitivity? [ABSTRACT]

The Community Earth System Model (CESM) Large Ensemble Project: A Community Resource for Studying Climate Change in the Presence of Internal Climate Variability [ABSTRACT]

Global climate models’ bias in surface temperature trends and variability [ABSTRACT]

The dependence of radiative forcing and feedback on evolving patterns of surface temperature change in climate models [ABSTRACT]

The spectral dimension of longwave feedbacks in the CMIP3 and CMIP5 experiments [ABSTRACT]

Where and when will we observe cloud changes due to climate warming? [ABSTRACT]

A satellite view of the radiative impact of clouds on surface downward fluxes in the Tibetan Plateau [ABSTRACT]

Aerosol indirect effects on continental low-level clouds over Sweden and Finland (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Effect of ions on the measurement of sulfuric acid in the CLOUD experiment at CERN (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Climate coupling between temperature, humidity, precipitation and cloud cover over the Canadian Prairies [ABSTRACT]

Uncertainty in the magnitude of aerosol-cloud radiative forcing over recent decades [ABSTRACT]

Role of snow-albedo feedback in higher elevation warming over the Himalayas, Tibetan Plateau and Central Asia (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Solar heating of the Arctic Ocean in the context of ice-albedo feedback [ABSTRACT]

Assessment of sea-ice albedo radiative forcing and feedback over the Northern Hemisphere from 1982 to 2009 using satellite and reanalysis data [ABSTRACT]

Explaining Extreme Events of 2013 from a Climate Perspective (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Variability of tornado climatology across the continental United States [ABSTRACT]

Eastern Atlantic tropical cyclone frequency from 1851–1898 is comparable to satellite era frequency (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Extratropical cyclones in a warmer, moister climate: A recent Atlantic analogue [ABSTRACT]

The Effect of Urbanisation on The Climatology of Thunderstorm Initiation [ABSTRACT]

Warmer and wetter winters: characteristics and implications of an extreme weather event in the High Arctic (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Heavy precipitation events over the Euro-Mediterranean region in a warmer climate: results from CMIP5 models [ABSTRACT]

Models agree on forced response pattern of precipitation and temperature extremes [ABSTRACT]

A multi-model comparison of Atlantic multidecadal variability [ABSTRACT]

Southward displacement of the upper atmosphere zonal Jet in the eastern north Pacific due to global warming [ABSTRACT]

Variations of stratospheric water vapor over the past three decades [ABSTRACT]

Modeling the climate impact of Southern Hemisphere ozone depletion: The importance of the ozone dataset [ABSTRACT]

Aerosol effects on global land surface energy fluxes during 2003-2010 [ABSTRACT]

Total volcanic stratospheric aerosol optical depths and implications for global climate change [ABSTRACT]

On the role of plant volatiles in anthropogenic global climate change [ABSTRACT]


The impacts of climate change across the globe: A multi-sectoral assessment (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Sustained high basal motion of the Greenland ice sheet revealed by borehole deformation [ABSTRACT]

Detailed ice loss pattern in the northern Antarctic Peninsula: widespread decline driven by ice front retreats (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Climate variability and Alpine glaciers evolution in Northwestern Italy from the Little Ice Age to the 2010s [ABSTRACT]

Satellite-derived volume loss rates and glacier speeds for the Juneau Icefield, Alaska [ABSTRACT]

Global Sea Ice Coverage from Satellite Data: Annual Cycle and 35-Year Trends [ABSTRACT]

Trend and Inter-Annual Variability in Southeast Greenland Sea Ice: Impacts on Coastal Greenland Climate Variability [ABSTRACT]

Snowmelt onset over Arctic sea ice from passive microwave satellite data: 1979–2012 (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Assessment of radar-derived snow depth over Arctic sea ice [ABSTRACT]

New perspectives on observed and simulated late Antarctic sea ice extent trends using optimal fingerprinting techniques [ABSTRACT]

Antarctic ocean and sea ice response to ozone depletion: a two timescale problem [ABSTRACT]

Thick and deformed Antarctic sea ice mapped with autonomous underwater vehicles [ABSTRACT]

Anthropogenic influence on recent circulation-driven Antarctic sea-ice changes [ABSTRACT]

A mechanism for lack of sea ice reversibility in the Southern Ocean [ABSTRACT]

Plant growth enhancement by elevated CO2 eliminated by joint water and nitrogen limitation [ABSTRACT]

Detection and attribution of vegetation greening trend in China over the last 30 years [ABSTRACT]

Ground and satellite based evidence of the biophysical mechanisms behind the greening Sahel [ABSTRACT]

Phenological responses to climate change do not exhibit phylogenetic signal in a subalpine plant community [ABSTRACT]

Alteration of the phenology of leaf senescence and fall in winter deciduous species by climate change: effects on nutrient proficiency [ABSTRACT]

Climate warming increases biological control agent impact on a non-target species (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Not just about sunburn – the ozone hole’s profound effect on climate has significant implications for Southern Hemisphere ecosystems [ABSTRACT]

Extreme weather event in spring 2013 delayed breeding time of Great Tit and Blue Tit (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Fungi in a changing world: growth rates will be elevated, but spore production may decrease in future climates [ABSTRACT]

Rapid assessment of fisheries species sensitivity to climate change [ABSTRACT]

Consistent global responses of marine ecosystems to future climate change across the IPCC AR5 earth system models [ABSTRACT]

Evaluating the economic damage of climate change on global coral reefs [ABSTRACT]

Interactive effects of ocean acidification and rising sea temperatures alter predation rate and predator selectivity in reef fish communities [ABSTRACT]

Ocean acidification in eastern equatorial Indian Ocean (1962-2012) (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Multimodel analysis on the response of the AMOC under an increase of radiative forcing and its symmetrical reversal [ABSTRACT]

Changes in extreme regional sea surface height due to an abrupt weakening of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Uncertainty in 21st century CMIP5 sea level projections [ABSTRACT]

Earliest local emergence of forced dynamic and steric sea-level trends in climate models (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Changes in the North Pacific wave climate since the mid-1990s [ABSTRACT]

Detection and attribution of climate change signal in ocean wind waves [ABSTRACT]

Contemporary Ocean Warming Dissociates Cascadia Margin Gas Hydrates [ABSTRACT]

Climate change and dead zones [ABSTRACT]

Inherited hypoxia: A new challenge for reoligotrophicated lakes under global warming [ABSTRACT]

The use of changes in small coastal Atlantic brooks in southwestern Europe as indicators of anthropogenic and climatic impacts over the last 400 years [ABSTRACT]

Climate change and the impact of extreme temperatures on aviation [ABSTRACT]

Investigating high mortality during the cold season: mapping mean weather patterns of temperature and pressure [ABSTRACT]


Dominance of the Southern Ocean in anthropogenic carbon and heat uptake in CMIP5 models [ABSTRACT]

Carbon stock loss from deforestation through 2013 in Brazilian Amazonia [ABSTRACT]

A downward CO2 flux seems to have nowhere to go (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Nitrogen feedbacks increase future terrestrial ecosystem carbon uptake in an individual-based dynamic vegetation model (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Forecasting global atmospheric CO2 (open access) [ABSTRACT]

CH4 and N2O emissions embodied in international trade of meat (open access) [ABSTRACT]

A sustainable “building block”?: The paradoxical effects of thermal efficiency on U.S. power plants’ CO2 emissions [ABSTRACT]

Key factors for assessing climate benefits of natural gas versus coal electricity generation [ABSTRACT]

Assessing climate change impacts on European wind energy from ENSEMBLES high-resolution climate projections [ABSTRACT]

Emerging policy perspectives on geoengineering: An international comparison (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Counteracting the climate effects of volcanic eruptions using short-lived greenhouse gases [ABSTRACT]

Confronting the Food–Energy–Environment Trilemma: Global Land Use in the Long Run [ABSTRACT]

A critical examination of the consumption-based accounting approach: has the blaming of consumers gone too far? [ABSTRACT]

Representations of the future in English language blogs on climate change [ABSTRACT]

Conspiratory fascination versus public interest: the case of ‘climategate’ (open access) [ABSTRACT]

International trends in public perceptions of climate change over the past quarter century (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Politics eclipses climate extremes for climate change perceptions [ABSTRACT]

Citizen acceptance of new fossil fuel infrastructure: Value theory and Canada׳s Northern Gateway Pipeline [ABSTRACT]

Agricultural Advisors as Climate Information Intermediaries: Exploring Differences in Capacity to Communicate Climate [ABSTRACT]

Potential effects of climate change on global security [ABSTRACT]

Tools and strategies for climate change decision making [ABSTRACT]

When decision-making processes fail: an argument for robust climate adaptation planning in the face of uncertainty [ABSTRACT]

Adaptation strategies to climate change in the Arctic: a global patchwork of reactive community-scale initiatives [ABSTRACT]


On the bipolar origin of Heinrich events [ABSTRACT]

Correlation between solar activity and the local temperature of Antarctica during the past 11,000 years [ABSTRACT]

Pliocene switch in orbital-scale carbon cycle/climate dynamics [ABSTRACT]


Glacier-like forms on Mars (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Episodic warming of early Mars by punctuated volcanism [ABSTRACT]

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New research – October 2014

Posted by Ari Jokimäki on November 9, 2014

Some selected papers as included in my New research stream in Twitter and in Facebook during October 2014. There are 154 papers, which makes it about 5.0 papers per day.


An Investigation into the Impact of using Various Techniques to Estimate Arctic Surface Air Temperature Anomalies [ABSTRACT]

Impact of atmosphere and land surface initial conditions on seasonal forecast of global surface temperature [ABSTRACT]

Full-depth temperature trends in the Northeastern Atlantic through the early 21st century [ABSTRACT]

The effects of urbanization on the rise of the European temperature since 1960 [ABSTRACT]

Asymmetry of winter European surface air temperature extremes and the North Atlantic Oscillation [ABSTRACT]

Climatology of upper air temperature in the Eastern Mediterranean region [ABSTRACT]

Recent trends in daily temperature extremes over northeastern China (1960–2011) [ABSTRACT]

Temperature trend–altitude relationship in China during 1963–2012 [ABSTRACT]

Extended Reconstructed Sea Surface Temperature version 4 (ERSST.v4), Part I. Upgrades and Intercomparisons [ABSTRACT]

Artifacts in variations of ocean heat content induced by the observation system changes [ABSTRACT]

Ocean heat uptake processes: a model intercomparison [ABSTRACT]

Mixed layer heat and salinity budgets during the onset of the 2011 Atlantic cold tongue [ABSTRACT]

Regional precipitation simulations for the mid-1970s shift and early-2000s hiatus [ABSTRACT]

The global precipitation response to volcanic eruptions in the CMIP5 models (open access) [ABSTRACT]

An analysis of rainfall across the British Isles in the 1870s [ABSTRACT]

Attribution analysis of high precipitation events in summer in England and Wales over the last decade (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Spatial and temporal analysis of rainfall and temperature trend of India [ABSTRACT]

Climate signals in the mid to high latitude North Atlantic from altimeter observations [ABSTRACT]

Climate change in Kazakhstan during the past 70 years [ABSTRACT]

Evaluation of the CFSv2 CMIP5 decadal predictions [ABSTRACT]

Identifying and removing structural biases in climate models with history matching [ABSTRACT]

Hedging the climate sensitivity risks of a temperature target [ABSTRACT]

Regional variation of the tropical water vapor and lapse rate feedbacks [ABSTRACT]

Comparison of decadal global water vapor changes derived from independent satellite time series [ABSTRACT]

An important mechanism sustaining the atmospheric “water tower” over the Tibetan Plateau (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Evaluation of ISCCP cloud amount with MODIS observations [ABSTRACT]

Cloud effects on the solar and thermal radiation budgets of the Mediterranean basin [ABSTRACT]

Global albedo change and radiative cooling from anthropogenic land-cover change, 1700 to 2005 based on MODIS, land-use harmonization, radiative kernels and reanalysis [ABSTRACT]

Decreased surface albedo driven by denser vegetation on the Tibetan Plateau (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Changes in the land surface energy budget in eastern China over the past three decades: contributions of land cover change and climate change [ABSTRACT]

On the Attribution of a Single Event to Climate Change [ABSTRACT]

Magnitude of extreme heat waves in present climate and their projection in a warming world [ABSTRACT]

‘Category-6’ Supertyphoon Haiyan in Global Warming Hiatus: Contribution from Subsurface Ocean Warming [ABSTRACT]

Changes in U.S. East Coast cyclone dynamics with climate change [ABSTRACT]

Modulation of Atlantic Basin Tropical Cyclone Activity by the Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) from 1905-2011 [ABSTRACT]

Interannual variation of the Philippines affecting tropical cyclone intensity and its possible causes [ABSTRACT]

Are Simulated Megadroughts in the North American Southwest Forced? [ABSTRACT]

Summer droughts in the northern Yellow River basin in association with recent Arctic ice loss [ABSTRACT]

Drivers of soil drying in the Czech Republic between 1961 and 2012 [ABSTRACT]

Satellite night-time lights reveal increasing human exposure to floods worldwide [ABSTRACT]

Estimation of peak discharges of historical floods (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Climate change or variable weather: rethinking Danish homeowners’ perceptions of floods and climate [ABSTRACT]

Seasonal to decadal prediction of the winter North Atlantic Oscillation: emerging capability and future prospects [ABSTRACT]

Equatorial Pacific coral geochemical records show recent weakening of the Walker Circulation [ABSTRACT]

Changes in atmospheric blocking characteristics within Euro-Atlantic region and Northern Hemisphere as a whole in the 21st century from model simulations using RCP anthropogenic scenarios [ABSTRACT]

Atmospheric Fronts in Current and Future Climates [ABSTRACT]

Role of sea surface temperature, Arctic sea ice and Siberian snow in forcing the atmospheric circulation in winter of 2012–2013 [ABSTRACT]

Separating the influence of temperature, drought and fire on interannual variability in atmospheric CO2 [ABSTRACT]

How sensitive is the recovery of stratospheric ozone to changes in concentrations of very short-lived bromocarbons? (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Biases in Southern Hemisphere climate trends induced by coarsely specifying the temporal resolution of stratospheric ozone [ABSTRACT]

Exploiting simultaneous observational constraints on mass and absorption to estimate the global direct radiative forcing of black carbon and brown carbon (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Trends in sulfate and organic aerosol mass in the Southeast U.S.: Impact on aerosol optical depth and radiative forcing [ABSTRACT]

Mapping atmospheric aerosols with a citizen science network of smartphone spectropolarimeters (open access) [ABSTRACT]

International Climate Assessment & Dataset (ICA&D): climate services across borders [ABSTRACT]

On Mars too, expect macroweather [ABSTRACT]


Sensitivity of Greenland Ice Sheet surface mass balance to perturbations in sea surface temperature and sea ice cover: a study with the regional climate model MAR (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Distinct patterns of seasonal Greenland glacier velocity [ABSTRACT]

Ocean change around Greenland under a warming climate [ABSTRACT]

The large-scale climate in response to the retreat of the West Antarctic Ice Sheet [ABSTRACT]

Surface velocity and mass balance of Livingston Island ice cap, Antarctica (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Mass changes of outlet glaciers along the Nordensjköld Coast, northern Antarctic Peninsula, based on TanDEM-X satellite measurements [ABSTRACT]

Climate change impacts in polar-regions: lessons from Antarctic moss bank archives [ABSTRACT]

A database of worldwide glacier thickness observations (open access) [ABSTRACT]

The days of plenty might soon be over in glacierized Central Asian catchments (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Glacier area and length changes in Norway from repeat inventories (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Assessment of heat sources on the control of fast flow of Vestfonna ice cap, Svalbard (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Subtropical iceberg scours and meltwater routing in the deglacial western North Atlantic [ABSTRACT]

Variability in categories of Arctic sea ice in Fram Strait [ABSTRACT]

Using records from submarine, aircraft and satellites to evaluate climate model simulations of Arctic sea ice thickness (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Will Arctic sea ice thickness initialization improve seasonal forecast skill? [ABSTRACT]

Synoptic Activity Associated with Sea Ice Variability in the Arctic [ABSTRACT]

Robust Arctic sea-ice influence on the frequent Eurasian cold winters in past decades [ABSTRACT]

Impact of the initialisation on the predictability of the Southern Ocean sea ice at interannual to multi-decadal timescales [ABSTRACT]

Modeling the evolution of climate-sensitive Arctic subsea permafrost in regions of extensive gas expulsion at the West Yamal shelf [ABSTRACT]

Using dissolved organic matter age and composition to detect permafrost thaw in boreal watersheds of interior Alaska [ABSTRACT]

Introduction to GlobSnow Snow Extent products with considerations for accuracy assessment [ABSTRACT]

Early 21st century snow cover state over the western river basins of the Indus River system (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Black carbon and other light-absorbing particles in snow of central North America [ABSTRACT]

Urban impacts of ice storms: Toronto December 2013 [ABSTRACT]

Velocity of climate change algorithms for guiding conservation and management [ABSTRACT]

Future changes of the terrestrial ecosystem based on a dynamic vegetation model driven with RCP8.5 climate projections from 19 GCMs [ABSTRACT]

Temporal context affects the observed rate of climate-driven range shifts in tree species (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Soil contribution to carbon budget of Russian forests [ABSTRACT]

Predicting competitive shifts and responses to climate change based on latitudinal distributions of species assemblages [ABSTRACT]

Geographical pattern in first bloom variability and its relation to temperature sensitivity in the USA and China [ABSTRACT]

Heat and drought extremes likely to stress ecosystem productivity equally or more in a warmer, CO2 rich future (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Assessment of rates of deforestation classes in the Paraguayan Chaco (Great South American Chaco) with comments on the vulnerability of forests fragments to climate change [ABSTRACT]

Long-term hurricane damage effects on tropical forest tree growth and mortality [ABSTRACT]

Climate change in our backyards: the reshuffling of North America’s winter bird communities [ABSTRACT]

Climate change and lizards: changing species’ geographic ranges in Patagonia [ABSTRACT]

Regionalized global budget of the CO2 exchange at the air-water interface in continental shelf seas [ABSTRACT]

Could the acid–base status of Antarctic sea urchins indicate a better-than-expected resilience to near-future ocean acidification? [ABSTRACT]

Upper limit for sea level projections by 2100 (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Relative contributions of ocean mass and deep steric changes to sea level rise between 1993 and 2013 [ABSTRACT]

Preliminary analysis of acceleration of sea level rise through the twentieth century using extended tide gauge data sets (August 2014) [ABSTRACT]

A unique asymmetry in the pattern of recent sea level change [ABSTRACT]

Sea–level rise in the Mediterranean Sea to 2050: Roles of terrestrial ice melt, steric effects and glacial isostatic adjustment [ABSTRACT]

Probabilistic projections of the Atlantic overturning [ABSTRACT]

Pronounced chemical response of Subarctic lakes to climate-driven losses in surface area [ABSTRACT]

Detection of solar dimming and brightening effects on Northern Hemisphere river flow [ABSTRACT]

Variability and extreme of Mackenzie River daily discharge during 1973–2011 (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Challenges in quantifying changes in the global water cy cle [ABSTRACT]

A consistent picture of the hydroclimatic response to global warming from multiple indices: Models and observations [ABSTRACT]

Impact of diurnal temperature range on human health: a systematic review [ABSTRACT]

Modelling impacts of climate change on global food security [ABSTRACT]

Simulation of tropical cyclone impacts to the U.S. power system under climate change scenarios [ABSTRACT]

One effect to rule them all? A comment on climate and conflict (open access) [ABSTRACT]


Impact of Weddell Sea deep convection on natural and anthropogenic carbon in a climate model [ABSTRACT]

Tropical wetlands: A missing link in the global carbon cycle? [ABSTRACT]

Climatic variability, hydrologic anomaly, and methane emission can turn productive freshwater marshes into net carbon sources [ABSTRACT]

Upscaling carbon dioxide emissions from lakes [ABSTRACT]

Biogeophysical feedbacks enhance the Arctic terrestrial carbon sink in regional Earth system dynamics (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Predictability of the terrestrial carbon cycle [ABSTRACT]

A Top-Down Regional Assessment of Urban Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Europe [ABSTRACT]

Allocating greenhouse gas emissions in the German federal system: Regional interests and federal climate governance [ABSTRACT]

Enhanced Australian carbon sink despite increased wildfire during the 21st century (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Review of hidden carbon emissions, trade, and labor income share in China, 2001–2011 [ABSTRACT]

Nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from human waste in 1970–2050 [ABSTRACT]

Inventories and scenarios of nitrous oxide emissions (open access) [ABSTRACT]

From intention to action: Can nudges help consumers to choose renewable energy? [ABSTRACT]

Potential cooperation in renewable energy between China and the United States of America (open access) [ABSTRACT]

A wedge-based approach to estimating health co-benefits of climate change mitigation activities in the United States [ABSTRACT]

IPCC AR5 Overlooked the Potential of Unleashing Agricultural Biotechnology to Combat Climate Change and Poverty [ABSTRACT]

A general framework for the assessment of solar fuels technologies [ABSTRACT]

Mitigation of ammonia, nitrous oxide and methane emissions from manure management chains: a meta-analysis and integrated assessment [ABSTRACT]

Consumer cost effectiveness of CO2 mitigation policies in restructured electricity markets (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Carbon footprint of milk production in Brazil: a comparative case study [ABSTRACT]

A critical examination of the climate engineering moral hazard and risk compensation concern (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Public engagement with marine climate change issues: (Re)framings, understandings and responses [ABSTRACT]

Conceiving the rationale for international climate law [ABSTRACT]

Challenging dominant discourses of climate change [ABSTRACT]

How climate change research undermines trust in everyday life: a review [ABSTRACT]

The state of climate change adaptation in the Arctic (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Maladaptation to drought: a case report from California, USA [ABSTRACT]

Evacuation as a climate adaptation strategy for environmental justice communities [ABSTRACT]

The status of climate change adaptation in Africa and Asia (open access) [ABSTRACT]


Impact of orbitals and greenhouse gas on the climate of MIS 7 and MIS 5 glacial inceptions [ABSTRACT]

Eight-hundred years of summer temperature variations in the southeast of the Iberian Peninsula reconstructed from tree rings [ABSTRACT]

Radiative forcings for 28 potential Archean greenhouse gases (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Chemostratigraphic and lithostratigraphic signatures of the Anthropocene in estuarine areas from the eastern Cantabrian coast (N. Spain) [ABSTRACT]

The ‘Little Ice Age’ in the Southern Hemisphere in the context of the last 3000?years: Peat-based proxy-climate data from Tierra del Fuego [ABSTRACT]

How climate change impacted the collapse of the Ming dynasty [ABSTRACT]

Climate change and fiscal balance in China over the past two millennia [ABSTRACT]

ENSO Reconstructions over the past 60?ka using giant clams (Tridacna sp.) from Papua New Guinea [ABSTRACT]

Documentary and tree-ring evidence for a long-term interval without ice impoundments from Glaciar Perito Moreno, Patagonia, Argentina [ABSTRACT]

Temperature reconstructions from tree-ring densities overestimate volcanic cooling [ABSTRACT]

Relationships between temperature change and grain harvest fluctuations in China from 210 BC to 1910 AD [ABSTRACT]

Differential effects of temperature change and human impact on European Late Quaternary mammalian extinctions [ABSTRACT]

Dansgaard-Oeschger (D/O) forcing of sea surface temperature (SST) variability in the mid-latitude North Atlantic between 500 and 400?ka (MIS 12) [ABSTRACT]

Unprecedented recent warming rate and temperature variability over the east Tibetan Plateau inferred from Alpine treeline dendrochronology [ABSTRACT]

Absence of late-summer warming trend over the past two and half centuries on the eastern Tibetan Plateau [ABSTRACT]

Fire in ice: two millennia of boreal forest fire history from the Greenland NEEM ice core (open access) [ABSTRACT]


Sustainability of global water use: past reconstruction and future projections (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Development, global change and traditional food security in Pacific Island countries [ABSTRACT]

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Papers on stratospheric ozone measurements

Posted by Ari Jokimäki on October 28, 2014

This is a list of papers on stratospheric ozone measurements. The list is not complete, and will most likely be updated in future in order to make it more thorough and more representative.

Trends in stratospheric ozone derived from merged SAGE II and Odin-OSIRIS satellite observations – Bourassa et al. (2014)
Abstract: “Stratospheric ozone profile measurements from the Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment~(SAGE) II satellite instrument (1984–2005) are combined with those from the Optical Spectrograph and InfraRed Imager System (OSIRIS) instrument on the Odin satellite (2001–Present) to quantify interannual variability and decadal trends in stratospheric ozone between 60° S and 60° N. These data are merged into a multi-instrument, long-term stratospheric ozone record (1984–present) by analyzing the measurements during the overlap period of 2002–2005 when both satellite instruments were operational. The variability in the deseasonalized time series is fit using multiple linear regression with predictor basis functions including the quasi-biennial oscillation, El Niño–Southern Oscillation index, solar activity proxy, and the pressure at the tropical tropopause, in addition to two linear trends (one before and one after 1997), from which the decadal trends in ozone are derived. From 1984 to 1997, there are statistically significant negative trends of 5–10% per decade throughout the stratosphere between approximately 30 and 50 km. From 1997 to present, a statistically significant recovery of 3–8% per decade has taken place throughout most of the stratosphere with the notable exception between 40° S and 40° N below approximately 22 km where the negative trend continues. The recovery is not significant between 25 and 35 km altitudes when accounting for a conservative estimate of instrument drift.”
Bourassa, A. E., Degenstein, D. A., Randel, W. J., Zawodny, J. M., Kyrölä, E., McLinden, C. A., Sioris, C. E., and Roth, C. Z.: Trends in stratospheric ozone derived from merged SAGE II and Odin-OSIRIS satellite observations, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 6983-6994, doi:10.5194/acp-14-6983-2014, 2014. [FULL TEXT]

Ozone and temperature decadal trends in the stratosphere, mesosphere and lower thermosphere, based on measurements from SABER on TIMED – Huang et al. (2014)
Abstract: “We have derived ozone and temperature trends from years 2002 through 2012, from 20 to 100 km altitude, and 48° S to 48° N latitude, based on measurements from the Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry (SABER) instrument on the Thermosphere, Ionosphere, Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) satellite. For the first time, trends of ozone and temperature measured at the same times and locations are obtained, and their correlations should provide useful information about the relative importance of photochemistry versus dynamics over the longer term. We are not aware of comparable results covering this time period and spatial extent. For stratospheric ozone, until the late 1990s, previous studies found negative trends (decreasing amounts). In recent years, some empirical and modeling studies have shown the occurrence of a turnaround in the decreasing ozone, possibly beginning in the late 1990s, suggesting that the stratospheric ozone trend is leveling off or even turning positive. Our global results add more definitive evidence, expand the coverage, and show that at mid-latitudes (north and south) in the stratosphere, the ozone trends are indeed positive, with ozone having increased by a few percent from 2002 through 2012. However, in the tropics, we find negative ozone trends between 25 and 50 km. For stratospheric temperatures, the trends are mostly negatively correlated to the ozone trends. The temperature trends are positive in the tropics between 30 and 40 km, and between 20 and 25 km, at approximately 24° N and at 24° S latitude. The stratospheric temperature trends are otherwise mostly negative. In the mesosphere, the ozone trends are mostly flat, with suggestions of small positive trends at lower latitudes. The temperature trends in this region are mostly negative, showing decreases of up to ~ −3 K decade−1. In the lower thermosphere (between ~ 85 and 100 km), ozone and temperature trends are both negative. The ozone trend can approach ~ −10% decade−1, and the temperature trend can approach ~ −3 K decade−1. Aside from trends, these patterns of ozone–temperature correlations are consistent with previous studies of ozone and temperature perturbations such as the quasi-biennial (QBO) and semiannual (SAO) oscillations, and add confidence to the results.”
Huang, F. T., Mayr, H. G., Russell III, J. M., and Mlynczak, M. G.: Ozone and temperature decadal trends in the stratosphere, mesosphere and lower thermosphere, based on measurements from SABER on TIMED, Ann. Geophys., 32, 935-949, doi:10.5194/angeo-32-935-2014, 2014. [FULL TEXT]

Stratospheric ozone trends and variability as seen by SCIAMACHY from 2002 to 2012 – Gebhardt et al. (2014)
Abstract: “Vertical profiles of the rate of linear change (trend) in the altitude range 15–50 km are determined from decadal O3 time series obtained from SCIAMACHY1/ENVISAT2 measurements in limb-viewing geometry. The trends are calculated by using a multivariate linear regression. Seasonal variations, the quasi-biennial oscillation, signatures of the solar cycle and the El Niño–Southern Oscillation are accounted for in the regression. The time range of trend calculation is August 2002–April 2012. A focus for analysis are the zonal bands of 20° N–20° S (tropics), 60–50° N, and 50–60° S (midlatitudes). In the tropics, positive trends of up to 5% per decade between 20 and 30 km and negative trends of up to 10% per decade between 30 and 38 km are identified. Positive O3 trends of around 5% per decade are found in the upper stratosphere in the tropics and at midlatitudes. Comparisons between SCIAMACHY and EOS MLS3 show reasonable agreement both in the tropics and at midlatitudes for most altitudes. In the tropics, measurements from OSIRIS4/Odin and SHADOZ5 are also analysed. These yield rates of linear change of O3 similar to those from SCIAMACHY. However, the trends from SCIAMACHY near 34 km in the tropics are larger than MLS and OSIRIS by a factor of around two.”
Gebhardt, C., Rozanov, A., Hommel, R., Weber, M., Bovensmann, H., Burrows, J. P., Degenstein, D., Froidevaux, L., and Thompson, A. M.: Stratospheric ozone trends and variability as seen by SCIAMACHY from 2002 to 2012, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 831-846, doi:10.5194/acp-14-831-2014, 2014. [FULL TEXT]

Drift-corrected trends and periodic variations in MIPAS IMK/IAA ozone measurements – Eckert et al. (2014)
Abstract: “Drifts, trends and periodic variations were calculated from monthly zonally averaged ozone profiles. The ozone profiles were derived from level-1b data of the Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding (MIPAS) by means of the scientific level-2 processor run by the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Institute for Meteorology and Climate Research (IMK). All trend and drift analyses were performed using a multilinear parametric trend model which includes a linear term, several harmonics with period lengths from 3 to 24 months and the quasi-biennial oscillation (QBO). Drifts at 2-sigma significance level were mainly negative for ozone relative to Aura MLS and Odin OSIRIS and negative or near zero for most of the comparisons to lidar measurements. Lidar stations used here include those at Hohenpeissenberg (47.8° N, 11.0° E), Lauder (45.0° S, 169.7° E), Mauna Loa (19.5° N, 155.6° W), Observatoire Haute Provence (43.9° N, 5.7° E) and Table Mountain (34.4° N, 117.7° W). Drifts against the Atmospheric Chemistry Experiment Fourier Transform Spectrometer (ACE-FTS) were found to be mostly insignificant. The assessed MIPAS ozone trends cover the time period of July 2002 to April 2012 and range from −0.56 ppmv decade−1 to +0.48 ppmv decade−1 (−0.52 ppmv decade−1 to +0.47 ppmv decade−1 when displayed on pressure coordinates) depending on altitude/pressure and latitude. From the empirical drift analyses we conclude that the real ozone trends might be slightly more positive/less negative than those calculated from the MIPAS data, by conceding the possibility of MIPAS having a very small (approximately within −0.3 ppmv decade−1) negative drift for ozone. This leads to drift-corrected trends of −0.41 ppmv decade−1 to +0.55 ppmv decade−1 (−0.38 ppmv decade−1 to +0.53 ppmv decade−1 when displayed on pressure coordinates) for the time period covered by MIPAS Envisat measurements, with very few negative and large areas of positive trends at mid-latitudes for both hemispheres around and above 30 km (~10 hPa). Negative trends are found in the tropics around 25 and 35 km (~25 and 5 hPa), while an area of positive trends is located right above the tropical tropopause. These findings are in good agreement with the recent literature. Differences of the trends compared with the recent literature could be explained by a possible shift of the subtropical mixing barriers. Results for the altitude–latitude distribution of amplitudes of the quasi-biennial, annual and the semi-annual oscillation are overall in very good agreement with recent findings.”
Eckert, E., von Clarmann, T., Kiefer, M., Stiller, G. P., Lossow, S., Glatthor, N., Degenstein, D. A., Froidevaux, L., Godin-Beekmann, S., Leblanc, T., McDermid, S., Pastel, M., Steinbrecht, W., Swart, D. P. J., Walker, K. A., and Bernath, P. F.: Drift-corrected trends and periodic variations in MIPAS IMK/IAA ozone measurements, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 2571-2589, doi:10.5194/acp-14-2571-2014, 2014. [FULL TEXT]

Decadal-scale responses in middle and upper stratospheric ozone from SAGE II version 7 data – Remsberg (2014)
Abstract: “Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment (SAGE II) version 7 (v7) ozone profiles are analyzed for their decadal-scale responses in the middle and upper stratosphere for 1991 and 1992–2005 and compared with those from its previous version 6.2 (v6.2). Multiple linear regression (MLR) analysis is applied to time series of its ozone number density vs. altitude data for a range of latitudes and altitudes. The MLR models that are fit to the time series data include a periodic 11 yr term, and it is in-phase with that of the 11 yr, solar UV (Ultraviolet)-flux throughout most of the latitude/altitude domain of the middle and upper stratosphere. Several regions that have a response that is not quite in-phase are interpreted as being affected by decadal-scale, dynamical forcings. The maximum minus minimum, solar cycle (SC-like) responses for the ozone at the low latitudes are similar from the two SAGE II data versions and vary from about 5 to 2.5% from 35 to 50 km, although they are resolved better with v7. SAGE II v7 ozone is also analyzed for 1984–1998, in order to mitigate effects of end-point anomalies that bias its ozone in 1991 and the analyzed results for 1991–2005 or following the Pinatubo eruption. Its SC-like ozone response in the upper stratosphere is of the order of 4% for 1984–1998 vs. 2.5 to 3% for 1991–2005. The SAGE II v7 results are also recompared with the responses in ozone from the Halogen Occultation Experiment (HALOE) that are in terms of mixing ratio vs. pressure for 1991–2005 and then for late 1992–2005 to avoid any effects following Pinatubo. Shapes of their respective response profiles agree very well for 1992–2005. The associated linear trends of the ozone are not as negative in 1992–2005 as in 1984–1998, in accord with a leveling off of the effects of reactive chlorine on ozone. It is concluded that the SAGE II v7 ozone yields SC-like ozone responses and trends that are of better quality than those from v6.2.”
Remsberg, E. E.: Decadal-scale responses in middle and upper stratospheric ozone from SAGE II version 7 data, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 14, 1039-1053, doi:10.5194/acp-14-1039-2014, 2014. [FULL TEXT]

Combined SAGE II–GOMOS ozone profile data set for 1984–2011 and trend analysis of the vertical distribution of ozone – Kyrölä et al. (2013)
Abstract: “We have studied data from two satellite occultation instruments in order to generate a high vertical resolution homogeneous ozone time series of 26 yr. The Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment (SAGE) II solar occultation instrument and the Global Ozone Monitoring by Occultation of Stars (GOMOS) instrument measured ozone profiles in the stratosphere and mesosphere from 1984–2005 and 2002–2012, respectively. Global coverage, good vertical resolution, and the self-calibrating measurement method make data from these instruments valuable for the detection of changes in vertical distribution of ozone over time. As both instruments share a common measurement period from 2002–2005, it is possible to inter-calibrate the data sets. We investigate how well these measurements agree with each other and combine all the data to produce a new stratospheric ozone profile data set. Above 55 km, SAGE II measurements show much less ozone than the GOMOS nighttime measurements as a consequence of the well-known diurnal variation of ozone in the mesosphere. Between 35–55 km, SAGE II sunrise and sunset measurements differ from GOMOS’ measurements to different extents. Sunrise measurements show 2% less ozone than GOMOS, whereas sunset measurements show 4% more ozone than GOMOS. Differences can be explained qualitatively by the diurnal variation of ozone in the stratosphere recently observed by SMILES and modeled by chemical transport models. Between 25–35 km, SAGE II sunrise and sunset measurements and GOMOS measurements agree within 1%.
The observed ozone bias between collocated measurements of SAGE II sunrise/sunset and GOMOS night measurements is used to align the two data sets. The combined data set covers the time period 1984–2011, latitudes 60° S–60° N, and the altitude range of 20–60 km. Profile data are given on a 1 km vertical grid, and with a resolution of 1 month in time and 10° in latitude. The combined ozone data set is analyzed by fitting a time series model to the data. We assume a linear trend with an inflection point (so-called “hockey stick” form). The best estimate for the point of inflection was found to be the year 1997 for ozone between altitudes 35 and 45 km. At all latitudes and altitudes from 35 to 50 km we find a clear change in ozone trend before and after the inflection time. From 38 to 45 km, a negative trend of 4% per decade (statistically significant at 95% level) at the equator has changed to a small positive trend of 0–2% per decade. At mid-latitudes, the negative trend of 4–8% per decade has changed to to a small positive trend of 0–2% per decade. At mid-latitudes near 20 km, the ozone loss has still increased whereas in the tropics a recovery is ongoing.”
Kyrölä, E., Laine, M., Sofieva, V., Tamminen, J., Päivärinta, S.-M., Tukiainen, S., Zawodny, J., and Thomason, L.: Combined SAGE II–GOMOS ozone profile data set for 1984–2011 and trend analysis of the vertical distribution of ozone, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 10645-10658, doi:10.5194/acp-13-10645-2013, 2013. [FULL TEXT]

Measurements of stratospheric ozone at a mid-latitude observing station Valentia, Ireland (51.94° N, 10.25° W), using ground-based and ozonesonde observations from 1994 to 2009 – Tripathi et al. (2013)
Abstract: “Sixteen years (1994 – 2009) of ozone profiling by ozonesondes at Valentia Meteorological and Geophysical Observatory, Ireland (51.94° N, 10.23° W) along with a co-located MkIV Brewer spectrophotometer for the period 1993–2009 are analyzed. Simple and multiple linear regression methods are used to infer the recent trend, if any, in stratospheric column ozone over the station. The decadal trend from 1994 to 2010 is also calculated from the monthly mean data of Brewer and column ozone data derived from satellite observations. Both of these show a 1.5 % increase per decade during this period with an uncertainty of about ±0.25 %. Monthly mean data for March show a much stronger trend of ~ 4.8 % increase per decade for both ozonesonde and Brewer data. The ozone profile is divided between three vertical slots of 0–15 km, 15–26 km, and 26 km to the top of the atmosphere and a 11-year running average is calculated. Ozone values for the month of March only are observed to increase at each level with a maximum change of +9.2 ± 3.2 % per decade (between years 1994 and 2009) being observed in the vertical region from 15 to 26 km. In the tropospheric region from 0 to 15 km, the trend is positive but with a poor statistical significance. However, for the top level of above 26 km the trend is significantly positive at about 4 % per decade. The March integrated ozonesonde column ozone during this period is found to increase at a rate of ~6.6 % per decade compared with the Brewer and satellite positive trends of ~5 % per decade.”
Om P. Tripathi, S. G. Jennings, C. D. O’Dowd, K. P. Lambkin, E. Moran, Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry, December 2013, Volume 70, Issue 4, pp 297-316, DOI: 10.1007/s10874-013-9274-5.

Development of a climate record of tropospheric and stratospheric column ozone from satellite remote sensing: evidence of an early recovery of global stratospheric ozone – Ziemke & Chandra (2012)
Abstract: “Ozone data beginning October 2004 from the Aura Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) and Aura Microwave Limb Sounder (MLS) are used to evaluate the accuracy of the Cloud Slicing technique in effort to develop long data records of tropospheric and stratospheric ozone and for studying their long-term changes. Using this technique, we have produced a 32-yr (1979–2010) long record of tropospheric and stratospheric column ozone from the combined Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) and OMI. Analyses of these time series suggest that the quasi-biennial oscillation (QBO) is the dominant source of inter-annual variability of stratospheric ozone and is clearest in the Southern Hemisphere during the Aura time record with related inter-annual changes of 30–40 Dobson Units. Tropospheric ozone for the long record also indicates a QBO signal in the tropics with peak-to-peak changes varying from 2 to 7 DU. The most important result from our study is that global stratospheric ozone indicates signature of a recovery occurring with ozone abundance now approaching the levels of year 1980 and earlier. The negative trends in stratospheric ozone in both hemispheres during the first 15 yr of the record are now positive over the last 15 yr and with nearly equal magnitudes. This turnaround in stratospheric ozone loss is occurring about 20 yr earlier than predicted by many chemistry climate models. This suggests that the Montreal Protocol which was first signed in 1987 as an international agreement to reduce ozone destroying substances is working well and perhaps better than anticipated.”
Ziemke, J. R. and Chandra, S.: Development of a climate record of tropospheric and stratospheric column ozone from satellite remote sensing: evidence of an early recovery of global stratospheric ozone, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 12, 5737-5753, doi:10.5194/acp-12-5737-2012, 2012. [FULL TEXT]

Interannual variability and trends in tropical ozone derived from SAGE II satellite data and SHADOZ ozonesondes – Randel & Thompson (2011)
Abstract: “Long-term observations of stratospheric ozone from the Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment II (SAGE II) satellite (1984–2005) are combined with ozonesonde measurements from the Southern Hemisphere Additional Ozonesondes (SHADOZ) network (1998–2009) to study interannual variability and trends in tropical ozone. Excellent agreement is found comparing the two data sets for the overlap period 1998–2005, and the data are combined to form a continuous time series covering 1984–2009. SHADOZ measurements also provide temperature profiles, and interannual changes in ozone and temperature are highly correlated throughout the tropical lower stratosphere (16–27 km). Interannual variability in stratospheric ozone is dominated by effects of the quasi-biennial oscillation and El Niño–Southern Oscillation, and there are also significant negative trends (−2 to −4% per decade) in the tropical lower stratosphere (over 17–21 km). These tropical ozone trends are consistent with results from chemistry-climate model simulations, wherein the trends result from increases in upwelling circulation in the tropical lower stratosphere.”
Randel, W. J., and A. M. Thompson (2011), Interannual variability and trends in tropical ozone derived from SAGE II satellite data and SHADOZ ozonesondes, J. Geophys. Res., 116, D07303, doi:10.1029/2010JD015195. [FULL TEXT]

Ozone and temperature trends in the upper stratosphere at five stations of the Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change – Steinbrecht et al. (2009)
Abstract: “Upper stratospheric ozone anomalies from the satellite-borne Solar Backscatter Ultra-Violet (SBUV), Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment II (SAGE II), Halogen Occultation Experiment (HALOE), Global Ozone Monitoring by Occultation of Stars (GOMOS), and Scanning Imaging Absorption Spectrometer for Atmospheric Chartography (SCIAMACHY) instruments agree within 5% or better with ground-based data from lidars and microwave radiometers at five stations of the Network for the Detection of Atmospheric Composition Change (NDACC), from 45°S to 48°N. From 1979 until the late 1990s, all available data show a clear decline of ozone near 40 km, by 10%–15%. This decline has not continued in the last 10 years. At some sites, ozone at 40 km appears to have increased since 2000, consistent with the beginning decline of stratospheric chlorine. The phaseout of chlorofluorocarbons after the International Montreal Protocol in 1987 has been successful, and is now showing positive effects on ozone in the upper stratosphere. Temperature anomalies near 40 km altitude from European Centre for Medium Range Weather Forecast reanalyses (ERA-40), from National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) operational analyses, and from HALOE and lidar measurements show good consistency at the five stations, within about 3 K. Since about 1985, upper stratospheric temperatures have been fluctuating around a constant level at all five NDACC stations. This non-decline of upper stratospheric temperatures is a significant change from the more or less linear cooling of the upper stratosphere up until the mid-1990s, reported in previous trend assessments. It is also at odds with the almost linear 1 K per decade cooling simulated over the entire 1979–2010 period by chemistry–climate models (CCMs). The same CCM simulations, however, track the historical ozone anomalies quite well, including the change of ozone tendency in the late 1990s.”
W. Steinbrecht, H. Claude, F. Schönenborn, I. S. McDermid, T. Leblanc, S. Godin-Beekmann, P. Keckhut, A. Hauchecorne, J. A. E. Van Gijsel, D. P. J. Swart, G. E. Bodeker, A. Parrish, I. S. Boyd, N. Kämpfer, K. Hocke, R. S. Stolarski, S. M. Frith, L. W. Thomason, E. E. Remsberg, C. Von Savigny, A. Rozanov & J. P. Burrows, International Journal of Remote Sensing, Volume 30, Issue 15-16, 2009, DOI:10.1080/01431160902821841.

A stratospheric ozone profile data set for 1979–2005: Variability, trends, and comparisons with column ozone data – Randel & Wu (2007)
Abstract: “A global stratospheric ozone data set for 1979–2005 is described. Interannual variations are derived from analysis of Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment (SAGE I and II) profile measurements, combined with polar ozonesonde data from Syowa (69°S) and Resolute (75°N). These interannual changes are combined with a seasonally varying ozone climatology from Fortuin and Kelder [1998] to provide a monthly global data set. These data are intended for use in global modeling studies and for analysis of global variability and trends. In order to generate continuous fields from the gappy SAGE data, we use a regression fit that includes decadal trends, solar cycle, and QBO terms, and the spatial structure of these variations is studied in detail. Decadal trends are modeled using an equivalent effective stratospheric chlorine proxy. Ozone variability from the vertically integrated SAGE/sonde data set is compared with results derived from a merged Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer/solar backscatter ultraviolet column ozone data set, showing good overall agreement (in particular for trends in extratropics). We also compare the SAGE data with ozonesonde measurements over Northern Hemisphere midlatitudes and find excellent agreement for lower stratospheric variability and trends. In the tropics, the SAGE ozone data show relatively large percentage decreases in the lower stratosphere. However, the vertically integrated SAGE data do not agree with column ozone trends in the tropics, so there is less confidence in the SAGE results in this region.”
William J. Randel and Fei Wu, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres (1984–2012), Volume 112, Issue D6, 27 March 2007, DOI: 10.1029/2006JD007339. [FULL TEXT]

Long-term evolution of upper stratospheric ozone at selected stations of the Network for the Detection of Stratospheric Change (NDSC) – Steinbrecht et al. (2006)
Abstract: “The long-term evolution of upper stratospheric ozone has been recorded by lidars and microwave radiometers within the ground-based Network for the Detection of Stratospheric Change (NDSC), and by the space-borne Solar Backscatter Ultra-Violet instruments (SBUV), Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment (SAGE), and Halogen Occultation Experiment (HALOE). Climatological mean differences between these instruments are typically smaller than 5% between 25 and 50 km. Ozone anomaly time series from all instruments, averaged from 35 to 45 km altitude, track each other very well and typically agree within 3 to 5%. SBUV seems to have a slight positive drift against the other instruments. The corresponding 1979 to 1999 period from a transient simulation by the fully coupled MAECHAM4-CHEM chemistry climate model reproduces many features of the observed anomalies. However, in the upper stratosphere the model shows too low ozone values and too negative ozone trends, probably due to an underestimation of methane and a consequent overestimation of ClO. The combination of all observational data sets provides a very consistent picture, with a long-term stability of 2% or better. Upper stratospheric ozone shows three main features: (1) a decline by 10 to 15% since 1980, due to chemical destruction by chlorine; (2) two to three year fluctuations by 5 to 10%, due to the Quasi-Biennial Oscillation (QBO); (3) an 11-year oscillation by about 5%, due to the 11-year solar cycle. The 1979 to 1997 ozone trends are larger at the southern mid-latitude station Lauder (45°S), reaching −8%/decade, compared to only about −6%/decade at Table Mountain (35°N), Haute Provence/Bordeaux (≈45°N), and Hohenpeissenberg/Bern(≈47°N). At Lauder, Hawaii (20°N), Table Mountain, and Haute Provence, ozone residuals after subtraction of QBO- and solar cycle effects have levelled off in recent years, or are even increasing. Assuming a turning point in January 1997, the change of trend is largest at southern mid-latitude Lauder, +11%/decade, compared to +7%/decade at northern mid-latitudes. This points to a beginning recovery of upper stratospheric ozone. However, chlorine levels are still very high and ozone will remain vulnerable. At this point the most northerly mid-latitude station, Hohenpeissenberg/Bern differs from the other stations, and shows much less clear evidence for a beginning recovery, with a change of trend in 1997 by only +3%/decade. In fact, record low upper stratospheric ozone values were observed at Hohenpeissenberg/Bern, and to a lesser degree at Table Mountain and Haute Provence, in the winters 2003/2004 and 2004/2005.”
W. Steinbrecht, H. Claude, F. Schönenborn, I. S. McDermid, T. Leblanc, S. Godin, T. Song, D. P. J. Swart, Y. J. Meijer, G. E. Bodeker, B. J. Connor, N. Kämpfer, K. Hocke, Y. Calisesi, N. Schneider, J. de la Noë, A. D. Parrish, I. S. Boyd, C. Brühl, B. Steil, M. A. Giorgetta, E. Manzini, L. W. Thomason, J. M. Zawodny, M. P. McCormick, J. M. Russell III, P. K. Bhartia, R. S. Stolarski and S. M. Hollandsworth-Frith, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres (1984–2012), Volume 111, Issue D10, 27 May 2006, DOI: 10.1029/2005JD006454. [FULL TEXT]

Enhanced upper stratospheric ozone: Sign of recovery or solar cycle effect? – Steinbrecht et al. (2004)
Abstract: “Ozone data measured since 1987 in the 35- to 45-km altitude region by differential absorption laser-radar (DIAL) at Hohenpeissenberg (47.8°N, 11.0°E) confirm the long-term ozone decline observed by the satellite-borne Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment (SAGE) and Halogen Occultation Experiment (HALOE) instruments, as well as interannual ozone fluctuations. Analysis of the DIAL data indicates that the amplitude of ozone variations related to the 11-year solar cycle might reach up to 7%, much larger than 4% reported in other studies. Higher ozone values observed in the years 2001 to 2003 might, therefore, be a consequence of the ending solar maximum and not necessarily indicate a beginning recovery of upper stratospheric ozone. Much clearer evidence for a recovery is expected in a few years, near the end of the solar minimum starting now.”
W. Steinbrecht, H. Claude and P. Winkler, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres (1984–2012), Volume 109, Issue D2, 27 January 2004, DOI: 10.1029/2003JD004284. [FULL TEXT]

Evidence for slowdown in stratospheric ozone loss: First stage of ozone recovery – Newchurch et al. (2003)
Abstract: “Global ozone trends derived from the Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment I and II (SAGE I/II) combined with the more recent Halogen Occultation Experiment (HALOE) observations provide evidence of a slowdown in stratospheric ozone losses since 1997. This evidence is quantified by the cumulative sum of residual differences from the predicted linear trend. The cumulative residuals indicate that the rate of ozone loss at 35–45 km altitudes globally has diminished. These changes in loss rates are consistent with the slowdown of total stratospheric chlorine increases characterized by HALOE HCl measurements. These changes in the ozone loss rates in the upper stratosphere are significant and constitute the first stage of a recovery of the ozone layer.”
Newchurch, M. J., E.-S. Yang, D. M. Cunnold, G. C. Reinsel, J. M. Zawodny, and J. M. Russell III (2003), Evidence for slowdown in stratospheric ozone loss: First stage of ozone recovery, J. Geophys. Res., 108, 4507, doi:10.1029/2003JD003471, D16. [FULL TEXT]

Trend analysis of upper stratospheric Umkehr ozone data for evidence of turnaround – Reinsel (2002)
Abstract: “Recent upper stratospheric (~35–45 km) Umkehr ozone data from three high-quality stations have been examined, with residual and change-in-trend analyses performed. These data show a consistent feature of mildly positive tendency in values for the recent several years. Trend analyses of these data yield significant positive change-in-trend estimates of about 0.75% per year since 1996 relative to negative trends of about -0.55% per year existing prior to 1996, leading to a (nonsignificant) estimate of about 0.2% per year positive trend for the recent 5-year period since the 1996 change-in-trend date.”
Reinsel, G. C., Trend analysis of upper stratospheric Umkehr ozone data for evidence of turnaround, Geophys. Res. Lett., 29(10), doi:10.1029/2002GL014716, 2002. [FULL TEXT]

Upper-stratospheric ozone trends 1979–1998 – Newchurch et al. (2000)
Abstract: “Extensive analyses of ozone observations between 1978 and 1998 measured by Dobson Umkehr, Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment (SAGE) I and II, and Solar Backscattered Ultraviolet (SBUV) and (SBUV)/2 indicate continued significant ozone decline throughout the extratropical upper stratosphere from 30–45 km altitude. The maximum annual linear decline of -0.8±0.2 % yr-1 (2s) occurs at 40 km and is well described in terms of a linear decline modulated by the 11-year solar variation. The minimum decline of -0.1±0.1% yr-1 (2s) occurs at 25 km in midlatitudes, with remarkable symmetry between the Northern and Southern Hemispheres at 40 km altitude. Midlatitude upper-stratospheric zonal trends exhibit significant seasonal variation (±30% in the Northern Hemisphere, ±40% in the Southern Hemisphere) with the most negative trends of -1.2% yr-1 occurring in the winter. Significant seasonal trends of -0.7 to -0.9% yr-1 occur at 40 km in the tropics between April and September. Subjecting the statistical models used to calculate the ozone trends to intercomparison tests on a variety of common data sets yields results that indicate the standard deviation between trends estimated by 10 different statistical models is less than 0.1% yr-1 in the annual-mean trend for SAGE data and less than 0.2% yr-1 in the most demanding conditions (seasons with irregular, sparse data) [World Meteorological Organization (WMO), 1998]. These consistent trend results between statistical models together with extensive consistency between the independent measurement-system trend observations by Dobson Umkehr, SAGE I and II, and SBUV and SBUV/2 provide a high degree of confidence in the accuracy of the declining ozone amounts reported here. Additional details of ozone trend results from 1978 to 1996 (2 years shorter than reported here) along with lower-stratospheric and tropospheric ozone trends, extensive intercomparisons to assess relative instrument drifts, and retrieval algorithm details are given by WMO [1998].”
Newchurch, M. J., et al. (2000), Upper-stratospheric ozone trends 1979–1998, J. Geophys. Res., 105(D11), 14625–14636, doi:10.1029/2000JD900037. [FULL TEXT]

Northern middle-latitude ozone profile features and trends observed by SBUV and Umkehr, 1979–1990 – DeLuisi et al. (1994)
Abstract: “A comparison of Umkehr ozone profile data with the reprocessed solar backscatter ultraviolet (SBUV) ozone profile data in the northern middle-latitude region, 30° to 50°N, is reported. Although significant biases exist between the two types of observations, the long-term variations and least squares linear regression trends agree remarkably well over the comparison period of 1979 to 1990. The ozone trend in the upper stratosphere is of the order of -0.9% yr-1. Near 25 km, little if any trend appears, but a larger negative trend is seen in the lower stratosphere near 15 km. Comparisons show that the average annual ozone cycles in the profiles also agree well. The upper stratospheric ozone results are consistent with photochemical model predictions of ozone depletion near 40 km that are due to the release of anthropogenically produced chlorofluorocarbons. The lower stratospheric ozone trend results are in reasonable agreement with published ozonesonde data trends. It is shown that the ozone trends in the lower stratospheric layers impact significantly on the total ozone trend of the order of -0.47% yr-1. The good agreement now seen between the two types of observations suggests that the combined ground-based and satellite approach could provide a valuable database for long-term monitoring of stratospheric ozone for trends and extraordinary variations.”
DeLuisi, J. J., C. L. Mateer, D. Theisen, P. K. Bhartia, D. Longenecker, and B. Chu (1994), Northern middle-latitude ozone profile features and trends observed by SBUV and Umkehr, 1979–1990, J. Geophys. Res., 99(D9), 18901–18908, doi:10.1029/94JD01518. [FULL TEXT]

Comparison of SBUV and SAGE II ozone profiles: Implications for ozone trends – McPeters et al. (1994)
Abstract: “Solar backscattered ultraviolet (SBUV) ozone profiles have been compared with Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment (SAGE) II profiles over the period October 1984 through June 1990, when data are available from both instruments. SBUV measurements were selected to closely match the SAGE II latitude/longitude measurement pattern. There are significant differences between the SAGE II sunrise and the sunset zonal mean ozone profiles in the equatorial zone, particularly in the upper stratosphere, that may be connected with extreme SAGE II solar azimuth angles for tropical sunrise measurements. Calculation of the average sunset bias between SBUV and SAGE II ozone profiles shows that allowing for diurnal variation in Umkehr layer 10, SBUV and SAGE II agree to within ±5% for the entire stratosphere in the northern midlatitude zone. The worst agreement is seen at southern midlatitudes near the ozone peak (disagreements of ±10%), apparently the result of the SBUV ozone profile peaking at a lower altitude than SAGE. The integrated ozone columns (cumulative above 15 km) agree very well, to within ±2.3% in all zones for both sunset and sunrise measurements. A comparison of the time dependence of SBUV and SAGE II shows that there was less than ±5% relative drift over the 5.5 years for all altitudes except below 25 km, where the SBUV vertical resolution is poor. The best agreement with SAGE is seen in the integrated column ozone (cumulative above 15 km), where SAGE II has a 1% negative trend relative to SBUV over the comparison period. There is a persistent disagreement of the two instruments in Umkehr layers 9 and 10 of ±4% over the 5.5-year comparison period. In the equatorial zone this disagreement may be caused in part by a large positive trend (0.8°K per year) in the National Meteorologica Center temperatures used to convert the SAGE II measurement of ozone density versus altitude to a pressure scale for comparison with SBUV. In the middle stratosphere (30–40 km), SBUV shows a 2–4% negative drift relative to SAGE II. If the actual ozone trends are considered, SBUV and SAGE II agree in showing little ozone change (less than 2%) between 1984 and 1990, except in layer 3 where SAGE II measures a large ozone decrease. But over 11 years, SBUV measured a 7% per decade ozone decrease between 40 and 50 km, decreasing in magnitude at lower altitudes, in good agreement with 11-year trends derived from the average of 5 Umkehr stations.”
McPeters, R. D., T. Miles, L. E. Flynn, C. G. Wellemeyer, and J. M. Zawodny (1994), Comparison of SBUV and SAGE II ozone profiles: Implications for ozone trends, J. Geophys. Res., 99(D10), 20513–20524, doi:10.1029/94JD02008.

Comparison of trend analyses for Umkehr data using new and previous inversion algorithms – Reinsel et al. (1994)
Abstract: “Ozone vertical profile Umkehr data for layers 3–9 obtained from 12 stations, using both previous and new inversion algorithms, were analyzed for trends. The trends estimated for the Umkehr data from the two algorithms were compared using two data periods, 1968–1991 and 1977–1991. Both nonseasonal and seasonal trend models were fitted. The overall annual trends are found to be significantly negative, of the order of -5% per decade, for layers 7 and 8 using both inversion algorithms. The largest negative trends occur in these layers under the new algorithm, whereas in the previous algorithm the most negative trend occurs in layer 9. The trend estimates, both annual and seasonal, are substantially different between the two algorithms mainly for layers 3, 4, and 9, where trends from the new algorithm data are about 2% per decade less negative, with less appreciable differences in layers 7 and 8. The trend results from the two data periods are similar, except for layer 3 where trends become more negative, by about -2% per decade, for 1977–1991.”
Gregory C. Reinsel, Wing-Kuen Tam and Lisa H. Ying, Geophysical Research Letters, Volume 21, Issue 11, pages 1007–1010, 1 June 1994, DOI: 10.1029/94GL00980.

Measured Trends in Stratospheric Ozone – Stolarski et al. (1992)
Abstract: “Recent findings, based on both ground-based and satellite measurements, have established that there has been an apparent downward trend in the total column amount of ozone over mid-latitude areas of the Northern Hemisphere in all seasons. Measurements of the altitude profile of the change in the ozone concentration have established that decreases are taking place in the lower stratosphere in the region of highest ozone concentration. Analysis of updated ozone records, through March of 1991, including 29 stations in the former Soviet Union, and analysis of independently calibrated satellite data records from the Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer and Stratospheric Aerosol and Gas Experiment instruments confirm many of the findings originally derived from the Dobson record concerning northern midlatitude changes in ozone. The data from many instruments now provide a fairly consistent picture of the change that has occurred in stratospheric ozone levels.”
Richard Stolarski, Rumen Bojkov, Lane Bishop, Christos Zerefos, Johannes Staehelin, Joseph Zawodny, Science 17 April 1992: Vol. 256 no. 5055 pp. 342-349, DOI: 10.1126/science.256.5055.342. [FULL TEXT]

An analysis of northern middle-latitude Umkehr measurements corrected for stratospheric aerosols for 1979–1986 – DeLuisi et al. (1989)
Abstract: “Umkehr observations of ozone profile for five northern middle-latitude Dobson spectrophotometer stations are objectively corrected for stratospheric aerosol during the period 1979–1986. The corrections are done by means of theoretical calculations, using observations of stratospheric ozone and aerosols. Stratospheric ozone and aerosol profile data to correct the Umkehr measurements are derived from ozonesonde observations and observations provided by five lidar stations in the northern hemisphere middle latitudes. Optical properties of the stratospheric aerosol existing during and after the major injection by El Chichón are derived from surface and aircraft photometric observations and in situ aircraft observations of aerosol size distribution. The corrected Umkehr data display some noteworthy ozone reductions in the upper stratosphere. The magnitude of these reductions does not seem to be extraordinary when considering features seen in long-term Umkehr data. However, the rates may be extraordinary, for example, in layers 8 and 9, in which decreases in ozone concentration during 1979–1986 were 9% and 15% respectively, using corrected data.”
DeLuisi, J. J., D. U. Longenecker, C. L. Mateer, and D. J. Wuebbles (1989), An analysis of northern middle-latitude Umkehr measurements corrected for stratospheric aerosols for 1979–1986, J. Geophys. Res., 94(D7), 9837–9846, doi:10.1029/JD094iD07p09837.

Statistical analysis of total ozone and stratospheric Umkehr data for trends and solar cycle relationship – Reinsel et al. (1987)
Abstract: “We report on trend analysis of Dobson total ozone data through 1984 and stratospheric Umkehr profile ozone data through 1981, including an examination of the relationship between ozone and long-term solar cycle activity using the 10.7-cm solar flux data. The estimate of the overall global trend in total ozone during the period 1970–1984, with associated 95% confidence (two standard error) limits, is (-0.26±0.92)% per decade, which indicates no significant overall trend. Based on use of the 10.7-cm flux measurements, an overall estimate of the total ozone-solar flux relationship is (1.18±0.66)% change in total ozone from solar cycle minimum to maximum, which indicates a statistically significant positive relationship. Trend analysis of Umkehr data through 1981 yields statistically significant negative trends on the order of (-0.30±0.17)% per year in layers 7 and 8 (~34–43 km), with Mauna Loa transmission data being used to account for volcanic aerosol effects on the Umkehr data. The analysis also indicates significant relationships between Umkehr data and solar flux in layers 6 and 7 (~29–38 km) of (2.57±1.25)% and (3.40±2.16)% change, respectively, from solar cycle minimum to maximum, with no significant relationship detected in the higher layers 8 and 9 where the estimates are more variable. Comparison of these empirical estimates with theoretical model calculations is discussed. Trend analysis of Umkehr data using data through 1984 is not reported in this paper because of the severe impact of volcanic aerosols from El Chichon on the Umkehr measurements during 1982–1984, although further research on methods for adjustment of Umkehr data for aerosol effects during this period is continuing.”
Reinsel, G. C., G. C. Tiao, A. J. Miller, D. J. Wuebbles, P. S. Connell, C. L. Mateer, and J. J. Deluisi (1987), Statistical analysis of total ozone and stratospheric Umkehr data for trends and solar cycle relationship, J. Geophys. Res., 92(D2), 2201–2209, doi:10.1029/JD092iD02p02201.

Large losses of total ozone in Antarctica reveal seasonal ClOx/NOx interaction – Farman et al. (1985)
Abstract: “Recent attempts to consolidate assessments of the effect of human activities on stratospheric ozone (O3) using one-dimensional models for 30° N have suggested that perturbations of total O3 will remain small for at least the next decade. Results from such models are often accepted by default as global estimates. The inadequacy of this approach is here made evident by observations that the spring values of total O3 in Antarctica have now fallen considerably. The circulation in the lower stratosphere is apparently unchanged, and possible chemical causes must be considered. We suggest that the very low temperatures which prevail from midwinter until several weeks after the spring equinox make the Antarctic stratosphere uniquely sensitive to growth of inorganic chlorine, Clx, primarily by the effect of this growth on the NO2/NO ratio. This, with the height distribution of UV irradiation peculiar to the polar stratosphere, could account for the O3 losses observed.”
J. C. Farman, B. G. Gardiner & J. D. Shanklin, Nature 315, 207 – 210 (16 May 1985); doi:10.1038/315207a0.

Analysis of upper stratospheric Umkehr ozone profile data for trends and the effects of stratospheric aerosols – Reinsel et al. (1984)
Abstract: “A statistical analysis of stratospheric ozone profile data from the Umkehr method is considered for the detection of trends which may be associated with the release of chlorofluoromethanes (CFMs), where possible effects of atmospheric aerosols on the Umkehr measurements are also taken into account. In the statistical trend analysis, time series models have been estimated using monthly averages of Umkehr data over the past 15 to 20 years through 1980 at each of 13 Umkehr stations and at each of the five highest Umkehr layers, 5–9, which cover an altitude range of approximately 24–48 km. The time series regression models incorporate seasonal, trend, and noise factors and an additional factor to explicitly account for the effects of atmospheric aerosols on the Umkehr measurements. At each Umkehr station, the explanatory series used in the statistical model to account for the aerosol effect is a 5 month running average of the monthly atmospheric transmission data at Mauna Loa, Hawaii, the only long running aerosol data available. A random effects model is used to combine the 13 individual station trend estimates from the time series models to form an overall estimate of trend for each Umkehr layer. The analysis indicates statistically significant trends in the upper Umkehr layers 7 and 8 of the order of -0.2 to -0.3% per year over the period 1970–1980, with little trend in the lower layers 5 and 6. The results of the estimation of trends as well as aerosol effects for the Umkehr data are compared with recent corresponding theoretical predictions.”
Reinsel, G. C., G. C. Tiao, J. J. DeLuisi, C. L. Mateer, A. J. Miller, and J. E. Frederick (1984), Analysis of upper stratospheric Umkehr ozone profile data for trends and the effects of stratospheric aerosols, J. Geophys. Res., 89(D3), 4833–4840, doi:10.1029/JD089iD03p04833.

Comparison of seasonal variations of upper stratospheric ozone concentrations revealed by Umkehr and Nimbus 4 BUV observations – DeLuisi et al. (1979)
Abstract: “This paper reports the results of a comparison between upper stratospheric ozone concentration profiles in the region between 22 and 1.4 mbar, as determined from surface-based Umkehr observations and satellite Nimbus 4 BUV observations. The Umkehr data, consisting of monthly averages of observations extending over several years or longer, were obtained at three stations located in the northern hemisphere and two in the southern hemisphere. The BUV data were obtained during the period from May 1970 to March 1971. Aside from some bias in the magnitudes of the Umkehr and BUV data, marked annual cycles of ozone concentration in the upper stratosphere are clearly revealed. Above 4 mbar the profiles show a summer minimum and a winter maximum, while below 4 mbar the annual variation is reversed from this pattern. In the northern hemisphere the winter maximum is accompanied by a secondary minimum of 1- to 2-month duration near 3 mbar. This short-term minimum is much less obvious in the southern hemisphere data. Some of the problem of attempting to monitor long-term changes in the upper stratosphere are discussed briefly.”
DeLuisi, J. J., C. L. Mateer, and D. F. Heath (1979), Comparison of seasonal variations of upper stratospheric ozone concentrations revealed by Umkehr and Nimbus 4 BUV observations, J. Geophys. Res., 84(C7), 3728–3732, doi:10.1029/JC084iC07p03728.

Preliminary comparison of satellite BUV and surface-based Umkehr observations of the vertical distribution of ozone in the upper stratosphere – DeLuisi & Nimira (1977)
Abstract: “Data from surface-based Umkehr and satellite ultraviolet backscatter observations of the vertical distribution of ozone in the upper stratosphere are compared. The satellite data are limited to four single-pass observations of the vertical-meridional distribution of ozone at different seasons of the year during 1970. The Umkehr data are climatological means over several years of observations. Although most of the observations made with the surface and satellite systems do not coincide in time, they nevertheless show a general agreement in seasonal variations that clearly appear in the more complete set of Umkehr data. Average values of ozone concentrations for satellite and Umkehr observations and a standard ozone profile are intercompared and show some significant differences.”
DeLuisi, J. J., and J. Nimira (1978), Preliminary comparison of satellite BUV and surface-based Umkehr observations of the vertical distribution of ozone in the upper stratosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 83(C1), 379–384, doi:10.1029/JC083iC01p00379.

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New research – September 2014

Posted by Ari Jokimäki on October 1, 2014

Some selected papers as included in my New research stream in Twitter and in Facebook during September 2014. There are 164 papers, which makes it about 5.5 papers per day.


Multifractal characterization of global temperature anomalies [ABSTRACT]

Symmetric scaling properties in global surface air temperature anomalies [ABSTRACT]

Patterns of decadal-scale Arctic warming events in simulated climate [ABSTRACT]

Extremely cool summers in Central and Eastern Europe (1951–2010) (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Observed and projected changes in absolute temperature records across the contiguous United States [ABSTRACT]

Optimal Ranking Regime Analysis of Intra- to Multi-Decadal U.S. Climate Variability. Part I: Temperature [ABSTRACT]

Homogenization of time series from Portugal and its former colonies for the period from the late 19th to the early 21st century [ABSTRACT]

A historical climate dataset for southeastern Australia, 1788–1859 (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Sea surface temperature datasets for climate applications from Phase 1 of the European Space Agency Climate Change Initiative (SST CCI) (open access) [ABSTRACT]

An integrated database of ocean temperature and salinity observations [ABSTRACT]

The formation of the recent cooling in the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean and the associated climate impacts: A competition of global warming, IPO and AMO [ABSTRACT]

An Anatomy of the Cooling of the North Atlantic Ocean in the 1960s and 1970s [ABSTRACT]

The curious case of Indian Ocean warming [ABSTRACT]

Blunt ocean dynamical thermostat in response of tropical eastern Pacific SST to global warming [ABSTRACT]

Changes in the distribution of rain frequency and intensity in response to global warming [ABSTRACT]

Anthropogenic influence on summer precipitation trends over South America in CMIP5 models [ABSTRACT]

Climate Change Impacts on Great Lakes Basin Precipitation Extremes [ABSTRACT]

Global assessment of trends in wetting and drying over land [ABSTRACT]

Reconstruction of global solar radiation time series from 1933 to 2013 at the Izaña Atmospheric Observatory (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Coherent pan–Asian climatic and isotopic response to orbital forcing of tropical insolation [ABSTRACT]

An ensemble climate projection for Africa (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Quantifying sources of uncertainty in projections of future climate [ABSTRACT]

Atmospheric circulation as a source of uncertainty in climate change projections [ABSTRACT]

The ocean’s role in the transient response of climate to abrupt greenhouse gas forcing (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Estimating the Contribution of Sea Ice Response to Climate Sensitivity in a Climate Model [ABSTRACT]

On the connection between tropical circulation, convective mixing, and climate sensitivity [ABSTRACT]

Intensified Arctic warming under greenhouse warming by vegetation–atmosphere–sea ice interaction (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Change in surface energy balance in Alaska due to fire and spring warming, based on upscaling eddy covariance measurements [ABSTRACT]

Initiation of a Runaway Greenhouse in a cloudy column [ABSTRACT]

Changes in climate extreme events in China associated with warming [ABSTRACT]

Drought severity change in China during 1961–2012 indicated by SPI and SPEI [ABSTRACT]

Drought in the U.S. Great Plains (1980–2012): A Sensitivity Study Using Different Methods for Estimating Potential Evapotranspiration in the Palmer Drought Severity Index [ABSTRACT]

The Worst North American Drought Year of the Last Millennium: 1934 [ABSTRACT]

A review of droughts on the African continent: a geospatial and long-term perspective (open access) [ABSTRACT]

The role of temperature in drought projections over North America [ABSTRACT]

Contribution of dynamic vegetation phenology to decadal climate predictability [ABSTRACT]

A New Compilation of North Atlantic Tropical Cyclones, 1851-1898 [ABSTRACT]

A Climatology of Tornadoes in Europe: Results from the European Severe Weather Database [ABSTRACT]

Tropical and extratropical cyclone damages under climate change (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Cyclone Center: Can Citizen Scientists Improve Tropical Cyclone Intensity Records? [ABSTRACT]

Changing volatility of U.S. annual tornado reports [ABSTRACT]

Hurricanes and climate: the U.S. CLIVAR working group on hurricanes (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Hurricane Sandy before 1900, and after 2100 [ABSTRACT]

Recent seasonal asymmetric changes in the NAO (a marked summer decline and increased winter variability) and associated changes in the AO and Greenland Blocking Index [ABSTRACT]

Regime transition of the North Atlantic Oscillation and the extreme cold event over Europe in January-February 2012 [ABSTRACT]

Understanding ENSO diversity (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Global warming-induced changes in El Niño teleconnections over the North Pacific and North America [ABSTRACT]

About the role of Westerly Wind Events in the possible development of an El Niño in 2014 [ABSTRACT]

Response of the Large-Scale Structure of the Atmosphere to Global Warming [ABSTRACT]

Weakening of the global atmospheric circulation with global warming (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Modulation of Rossby waves on the Pacific North Equatorial Current bifurcation associated with the 1976 climate regime shift [ABSTRACT]

The response of mid-latitude jets to increased CO2: Distinguishing the roles of sea surface temperature and direct radiative forcing [ABSTRACT]

A global climatology of monsoon low pressure systems [ABSTRACT]

Failure of CMIP5 Climate Models in Simulating Post-1950 Decreasing Trend of Indian Monsoon [ABSTRACT]

Analysing time-varying trends in stratospheric ozone time series using the state space approach (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Climate warming and decreasing total column ozone over the Tibetan Plateau during winter and spring (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Recent observations of meteotsunamis on the Finnish coast [ABSTRACT]

weather@home – development and validation of a very large ensemble modelling system for probabilistic event attribution [ABSTRACT]


Strengthening confidence in the climate change impact science (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Regional acceleration in ice mass loss from Greenland and Antarctica using GRACE time-variable gravity data [ABSTRACT]

Time-evolving mass loss of the Greenland Ice Sheet from satellite altimetry (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Impact of periodic intermediary flows on submarine melting of a Greenland glacier [ABSTRACT]

A model study of the effect of climate and sea-level change on the evolution of the Antarctic Ice Sheet from the Last Glacial Maximum to 2100 [ABSTRACT]

Sensitivity of the dynamics of Pine Island Glacier, West Antarctica, to climate forcing for the next 50 years (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Novel monitoring of Antarctic ice shelf basal melting using a fiber-optic distributed temperature sensing mooring [ABSTRACT]

Rapid sea-level rise along the Antarctic margins in response to increased glacial discharge [ABSTRACT]

Subglacial Lake Vostok not expected to discharge water [ABSTRACT]

Glaciers and society: attributions, perceptions, and valuations [ABSTRACT]

The length of the world’s glaciers – a new approach for the global calculation of center lines (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Alpine glaciers and permanent ice and snow patches in western Canada approach their smallest sizes since the mid-Holocene, consistent with global trends [ABSTRACT]

A pathway connecting the monsoonal heating to the rapid Arctic ice melt [ABSTRACT]

Characteristics of Arctic Sea-Ice Thickness Variability in GCMs [ABSTRACT]

Trends in sea ice extent north of Svalbard and its impact on cold air outbreaks as observed in spring 2013 (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Connecting early summer cloud-controlled sunlight and late summer sea ice in the Arctic [ABSTRACT]

Impact of sea ice on the marine iron cycle and phytoplankton productivity (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Assessing effects of permafrost thaw on C fluxes based on multiyear modeling across a permafrost thaw gradient at Stordalen, Sweden (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Projected changes of snow conditions and avalanche activity in a warming climate: the French Alps over the 2020–2050 and 2070–2100 periods (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Spatiotemporal snowfall trends in central New York [ABSTRACT]

Using digital camera images to analyse snowmelt and phenology of a subalpine grassland [ABSTRACT]

Assessing accuracy in citizen science-based plant phenology monitoring [ABSTRACT]

Land surface phenological response to decadal climate variability across Australia using satellite remote sensing (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Warming climate will decrease tundra CO2 sink in maritime Antarctica [ABSTRACT]

Climate change reduces the capacity of northern peatlands to absorb the atmospheric carbon dioxide: the different responses of bogs and fens [ABSTRACT]

Global, Landsat-based forest-cover change from 1990 to 2000 [ABSTRACT]

CTFS-ForestGEO: a worldwide network monitoring forests in an era of global change [ABSTRACT]

Estimating the carbon dynamics of South Korean forests from 1954 to 2012 (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Spatio-temporal variation in phenological response of citrus to climate change in Iran: 1960–2010 [ABSTRACT]

Historical analysis of mangrove leaf traits throughout the 19th and 20th centuries reveals differential responses to increases in atmospheric CO2 [ABSTRACT]

Estimating climate change effects on net primary production of rangelands in the United States (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Suppression of spring rain by surface greening over North China Plain [ABSTRACT]

Ozone vegetation damage effects on gross primary productivity in the United States (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Warning times for species extinctions due to climate change [ABSTRACT]

Vulnerability of biodiversity hotspots to global change [ABSTRACT]

Are low altitude alpine tundra ecosystems under threat? A case study from the Parc National de la Gaspésie, Québec (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Identifying species at extinction risk using global models of anthropogenic impact [ABSTRACT]

Questioning the use of an amphibian colour morph as an indicator of climate change [ABSTRACT]

Warmer winters reduce frog fecundity and shift breeding phenology, which consequently alters larval development and metamorphic timing [ABSTRACT]

Conservation of grassland butterflies in Finland under a changing climate (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Unexpected phenological responses of butterflies to the interaction of urbanization and geographic temperature [ABSTRACT]

Warming shelf seas drive the subtropicalization of European pelagic fish communities [ABSTRACT]

Temperature tracking by North Sea benthic invertebrates in response to climate change [ABSTRACT]

Forecasting climate change impacts on the distribution of wetland habitat in the Midwestern United states [ABSTRACT]

Net community production and export from seaglider measurements in the North Atlantic after the spring bloom [ABSTRACT]

Anticipative management for coral reef ecosystem services in the 21st century [ABSTRACT]

Annual sea-air CO2 fluxes in the Bering Sea: Insights from new autumn and winter observations of a seasonally ice-covered continental shelf [ABSTRACT]

Southern Ocean carbon trends: Sensitivity to methods [ABSTRACT]

Ocean acidification through the lens of ecological theory [ABSTRACT]

Viral attack exacerbates the susceptibility of a bloom-forming alga to ocean acidification [ABSTRACT]

A red tide alga grown under ocean acidification upregulates its tolerance to lower pH by increasing its photophysiological functions (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Global and regional sea level change during the 20th century [ABSTRACT]

Detection time for global and regional sea level trends and accelerations [ABSTRACT]

Emission metrics and sea level rise [ABSTRACT]

Mechanisms of Multidecadal Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation Variability Diagnosed in Depth versus Density Space [ABSTRACT]

An event-based approach to understanding decadal fluctuations in the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation [ABSTRACT]

Role of climate change in increasing occurrences oceanic hazards as a potential threat to coastal ecology [ABSTRACT]

Hydrologic landscape classification evaluates streamflow vulnerability to climate change in Oregon, USA (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Global fire size distribution is driven by human impact and climate [ABSTRACT]

Crop yield as a bioclimatic index of El Niño impact in Europe: Crop forecast implications [ABSTRACT]

Challenges of climate change in tropical basins: vulnerability of eco-agrosystems and human populations [ABSTRACT]

Effects of temperature on mortality in Hong Kong: a time series analysis [ABSTRACT]

Allergenic pollen season variations in the past two decades under changing climate in the United States [ABSTRACT]

Contributors to the frequency of intense climate disasters in Asia-Pacific countries (open access) [ABSTRACT]


Ten strategies to systematically exploit all options to cope with anthropogenic climate change [ABSTRACT]

Persistent growth of CO2 emissions and implications for reaching climate targets [ABSTRACT]

Decreasing emissions of NOx relative to CO2 in East Asia inferred from satellite observations [ABSTRACT]

Contrasting impacts of afforestation on nitrous oxide and methane emissions [ABSTRACT]

Modeling the impact of mitigation options on methane abatement from rice fields [ABSTRACT]

Airborne visualization and quantification of discrete methane sources in the environment [ABSTRACT]

Four Corners: the largest US methane anomaly viewed from space [ABSTRACT]

Remote sensing of fugitive methane emissions from oil and gas production in North American tight geologic formations (open access) [ABSTRACT]

A multiyear, global gridded fossil fuel CO2 emission data product: Evaluation and analysis of results [ABSTRACT]

Environmental impacts of decommissioning nuclear power plants: methodical challenges, case study, and implications [ABSTRACT]

Minimizing the biodiversity impact of Neotropical oil palm development [ABSTRACT]

Thinking globally and siting locally – renewable energy and biodiversity in a rapidly warming world (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Renewable energy in Saudi Arabia: current status and future potentials [ABSTRACT]

Overview of the potential of microalgae for CO2 sequestration [ABSTRACT]

The LCA of portland cement production in China [ABSTRACT]

Will the role of intercontinental transport change in a changing climate? (open access) [ABSTRACT]

On the Timing of Climate Agreements [ABSTRACT]

Why are climate policies of the present decade so crucial for keeping the 2 °C target credible? [ABSTRACT]

Does effective climate policy require well-informed citizen support? [ABSTRACT]

Barriers to effective climate change mitigation: the case of senior government and business decision makers [ABSTRACT]

The crucial role of policy surveillance in international climate policy [ABSTRACT]

Ethno-meteorology and scientific weather forecasting: small farmers and scientists’ perspectives on climate variability in the Okavango Delta, Botswana [ABSTRACT]

Farmers’ perception of climate change in mediterranean Chile [ABSTRACT]

Public perceptions of rainfall change in India [ABSTRACT]

Households’ perception and livelihood vulnerability to climate change in a coastal area of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria [ABSTRACT]

Disruptive ideas: public intellectuals and their arguments for action on climate change (open access) [ABSTRACT]

“Cool” governance of a “hot” climate issue: public and private responsibilities for the protection of vulnerable citizens against extreme heat [ABSTRACT]

Public perception of climate risk and adaptation in the UK: a review of the literature (open access) [ABSTRACT]

What do we know about UK household adaptation to climate change? A systematic review (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Sustainability and the Astrobiological Perspective: Framing Human Futures in a Planetary Context [ABSTRACT]


Last interglacial model–data mismatch of thermal maximum temperatures partially explained (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Arctic Holocene proxy climate database – new approaches to assessing geochronological accuracy and encoding climate variables (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Sulfur budget and global climate impact of the AD 1835 eruption of Cosigüina volcano, Nicaragua [ABSTRACT]

Persistence of carbon release events through the peak of early Eocene global warmth [ABSTRACT]

Refining Estimates of Polar Ice Volumes During the MIS11 Interglacial Using Sea Level Records from South Africa [ABSTRACT]

Simulating Pliocene warmth and a permanent El Niño-like state: the role of cloud albedo [ABSTRACT]

Brine formation in relation to climate changes and ice retreat during the last 15,000 years in Storfjorden, Svalbard, 76–78°N [ABSTRACT]

The Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum: How much carbon is enough? [ABSTRACT]

Sea ice and dynamical controls on pre-industrial and Last Glacial Maximum accumulation in central Greenland [ABSTRACT]

A 449-year warm-season temperature reconstruction in the southeastern Tibetan Plateau and its relation to solar activity [ABSTRACT]

Multispectral analysis of Northern Hemisphere temperature records over the last five millennia [ABSTRACT]


Hello Anthropocene, Goodbye Holocene (open access) [ABSTRACT]

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Cyclones in the sky

Posted by Ari Jokimäki on September 7, 2014


Tropical cyclone Larry:

Galaxy NGC 1232:

Category: 5

Morphological type code: 5.0 +/- 0.4

Speed of movement: 25 km/h

Radial velocity: 1600 km/s

Maximum Wind Gusts: up to 290 km/h

Apparent maximum rotation velocity of gas: 100 km/s

Radius of Destructive Winds: 120 km

Major radius: 26 kpc (~ 813,000,000 billion km)

Larry’s data: Earth Science Australia
NGC 1232’s data: HyperLeda and NED

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New research – August 2014

Posted by Ari Jokimäki on August 30, 2014

Some selected papers as included in my New research stream in Twitter and in Facebook during August 2014. There are 153 papers, which makes it about 4.9 papers per day.


State of the Climate in 2013 (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Natural variability, radiative forcing and climate response in the recent hiatus reconciled [ABSTRACT]

Clarifying the Roles of Greenhouse Gases and ENSO in Recent Global Warming through Their Prediction Performance [ABSTRACT]

Recent Arctic amplification and extreme mid-latitude weather [ABSTRACT]

The reversibility of CO2 induced climate change [ABSTRACT]

Spatial distribution of Northern Hemisphere winter temperatures during different phases of the solar cycle [ABSTRACT]

New reconstruction of Antarctic near-surface temperatures: Multidecadal trends and reliability of global reanalyses [ABSTRACT]

Creating a topoclimatic daily air temperature dataset for the conterminous United States using homogenized station data and remotely sensed land skin temperature [ABSTRACT]

Natural and forced air temperature variability in the Labrador region of Canada during the past century [ABSTRACT]

Sharper Detection of Winter Temperature Changes in the Romanian Higher-Elevations [ABSTRACT]

Evidence for an earlier greenhouse cooling effect in the stratosphere before 1980 over the Northern Hemisphere (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Ozone and temperature decadal trends in the stratosphere, mesosphere and lower thermosphere, based on measurements from SABER on TIMED (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Advective and atmospheric forced changes in heat and fresh water content in the Norwegian Sea, 1951-2010 [ABSTRACT]

The Mediterranean is becoming saltier and warmer (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Decreased monsoon precipitation in the Northern Hemisphere due to anthropogenic aerosols [ABSTRACT]

Satellite-based rainfall data reveal a recent drying trend in central equatorial Africa [ABSTRACT]

Constraining transient climate sensitivity using coupled climate model simulations of volcanic eruptions [ABSTRACT]

On the state dependency of fast feedback processes in (palaeo) climate sensitivity [ABSTRACT]

A multi-site intercomparison of integrated water vapour observations for climate change analysis (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Interannual variations of stratospheric water vapor in MLS observations and climate model simulations [ABSTRACT]

The cause of solar dimming and brightening at the Earth’s surface during the last half century: evidence from measurements of sunshine duration [ABSTRACT]

Difference between even- and odd-numbered cycles in the predictability of solar activity and prediction of the amplitude of cycle 25 (open access) [ABSTRACT]

A Global Climatology of Outgoing Longwave Spectral Cloud Radiative Effect and Associated Effective Cloud Properties [ABSTRACT]

Responses of Tropical and Subtropical High-Cloud Statistics to Global Warming [ABSTRACT]

Cloud cover and cosmic ray variations at Lomnický štít high altitude observing site [ABSTRACT]

Evaluating clouds, aerosols, and their interactions in three global climate models using satellite simulators and observations [ABSTRACT]

Satellite-based estimate of global aerosol–cloud radiative forcing by marine warm clouds [ABSTRACT]

Reassessment of satellite-based estimate of aerosol climate forcing [ABSTRACT]

Can satellite-derived aerosol optical depth quantify the surface aerosol radiative forcing? [ABSTRACT]

Climate effects of dust aerosols over East Asian arid and semi-arid regions [ABSTRACT]

The impact of the permafrost carbon feedback on global climate (open access) [ABSTRACT]

On the nature of the sea ice albedo feedback in simple models [ABSTRACT]

Analysis of global land surface albedo climatology and spatial-temporal variation during 1981–2010 from multiple satellite products [ABSTRACT]

Geographical gradients in boreal forest albedo and structure in Finland [ABSTRACT]

Temporal Variability of Observed and Simulated Hyperspectral Reflectance [ABSTRACT]

Surface Albedo in Cities: Case Study in Sapporo and Tokyo, Japan [ABSTRACT]

High-resolution global climate modelling: the UPSCALE project, a large-simulation campaign (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Predictions of Climate Several Years Ahead Using an Improved Decadal Prediction System [ABSTRACT]

Atmospheric and Oceanic Conditions Associated with Southern Australian Heat Waves: A CMIP5 Analysis [ABSTRACT]

Future changes in extratropical storm tracks and baroclinicity under climate change (open access) [ABSTRACT]

The increasing efficiency of tornado days in the United States [ABSTRACT]

Peak Tornado Activity is Occurring Earlier in the Heart of ‘Tornado Alley’ [ABSTRACT]

Changes in Drought Risk over the contiguous United States (1901–2012): The influence of the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans [ABSTRACT]

Towards identifying areas at climatological risk of desertification using the Köppen–Geiger classification and FAO aridity index [ABSTRACT]

Dissecting indices of aridity for assessing the impacts of global climate change [ABSTRACT]

Are estimates of anthropogenic and natural influences on Australia’s extreme 2010–2012 rainfall model-dependent? [ABSTRACT]

ENSO amplitude modulation associated with the mean SST changes in the tropical central Pacific induced by Atlantic Multi-decadal Oscillation [ABSTRACT]

Poleward expansion of the tropical belt derived from upper tropospheric water vapour [ABSTRACT]

Global warming and the weakening of the Asian summer monsoon circulation: assessments from the CMIP5 models [ABSTRACT]

Periodicity and patterns of ocean wind and wave climate [ABSTRACT]

Widespread methane leakage from the sea floor on the northern US Atlantic margin [ABSTRACT]

Interactions between methane and the nitrogen cycle in light of climate change [ABSTRACT]

Effect of permafrost thaw on CO2 and CH4 exchange in a western Alaska peatland chronosequence (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Spatial regression analysis on 32 years of total column ozone data (open access) [ABSTRACT]

The ozone recovery in the NH extratropics: The trend analyses of the SBUV/SBUV-2 merged ozone data in the 1979–2012 period [ABSTRACT]


Elevation and elevation change of Greenland and Antarctica derived from CryoSat-2 (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Glacier dynamics at Helheim and Kangerdlugssuaq glaciers, southeast Greenland, since the Little Ice Age (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Albedo decline on Greenland’s Mittivakkat Gletscher in a warming climate [ABSTRACT]

Greenland Ice Sheet exports labile organic carbon to the Arctic oceans (open access) [ABSTRACT]

On the early response of the climate system to a meltwater input from Greenland [ABSTRACT]

Surface energy budget on Larsen and Wilkins ice shelves in the Antarctic Peninsula: results based on reanalyses in 1989–2010 (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Formulation, calibration and validation of the DAIS model (version 1), a simple Antarctic ice sheet model sensitive to variations of sea level and ocean subsurface temperature (open access) [ABSTRACT]

How much snow falls on the Antarctic ice sheet? (open access) [ABSTRACT]

The role of atmospheric rivers in anomalous snow accumulation in East Antarctica [ABSTRACT]

Constraining the recent mass balance of Pine Island and Thwaites glaciers, West Antarctica, with airborne observations of snow accumulation (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Feedbacks between ice cover, ocean stratification, and heat content in Ryder Bay, western Antarctic Peninsula [ABSTRACT]

Recent ice dynamic and surface mass balance of Union Glacier in the West Antarctic Ice Sheet (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Antarctic outlet glacier mass change resolved at basin scale from satellite gravity gradiometry [ABSTRACT]

Importance of basal processes in simulations of a surging Svalbard outlet glacier (open access) [ABSTRACT]

A 10 year record of black carbon and dust from a Mera Peak ice core (Nepal): variability and potential impact on melting of Himalayan glaciers (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Glacier volume and area change by 2050 in high mountain Asia [ABSTRACT]

Winter sea ice melting in the Atlantic Water subduction area, Svalbard Norway [ABSTRACT]

Drivers of variability in Arctic sea-ice drift speed [ABSTRACT]

Recent Arctic Ocean sea-ice loss triggers novel fall phytoplankton blooms [ABSTRACT]

Influence of the Gulf Stream on the Barents Sea ice retreat and Eurasian coldness during early winter (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Interdecadal changes in snow depth on Arctic sea ice [ABSTRACT]

Frost flowers on young Arctic sea ice: The climatic, chemical and microbial significance of an emerging ice type [ABSTRACT]

Sensitivity of lake ice regimes to climate change in the Nordic region (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Unexpected climate impacts on the Tibetan Plateau: Local and scientific knowledge in findings of delayed summer [ABSTRACT]

Loss of adaptive variation during evolutionary responses to climate change [ABSTRACT]

Terrestrial ecosystems response to future changes in climate and atmospheric CO2 concentration (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Higher biodiversity is required to sustain multiple ecosystem processes across temperature regimes [ABSTRACT]

Impacts of climate change on biodiversity in Israel: an expert assessment approach [ABSTRACT]

Extreme temperatures, foundation species, and abrupt ecosystem change: an example from an iconic seagrass ecosystem [ABSTRACT]

Seasonally different response of photosynthetic activity to daytime and night-time warming in the Northern Hemisphere [ABSTRACT]

The change of global terrestrial ecosystem net primary productivity (NPP) and its response to climate change in CMIP5 [ABSTRACT]

Forests in a water limited world under climate change (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Climate-related genetic variation in drought-resistance of Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) [ABSTRACT]

Arctic shrub effects on NDVI, summer albedo and soil shading [ABSTRACT]

A prominent stepwise advance of the tree line in North-East Finland [ABSTRACT]

Increasing biomass carbon stocks in trees outside forests in China over the last three decades (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Modeling and predicting spring land surface phenology of the deciduous broadleaf forest in northern China [ABSTRACT]

What drives the recent intensified vegetation degradation in Mongolia – Climate change or human activity? [ABSTRACT]

Carbon cycle uncertainty in the Alaskan Arctic (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Separating temperature from other factors in phenological measurements [ABSTRACT]

Recent spring phenology shifts in western Central Europe based on multiscale observations [ABSTRACT]

Cranberry flowering times and climate change in southern Massachusetts [ABSTRACT]

Integrated models, scenarios and dynamics of climate, land use and common birds [ABSTRACT]

Do cities simulate climate change? A comparison of herbivore response to urban and global warming [ABSTRACT]

Towards a better understanding of potential impacts of climate change on marine species distribution: a multiscale modelling approach [ABSTRACT]

Understanding how lake populations of arctic char are structured and function with special consideration of the potential effects of climate change: a multi-faceted approach [ABSTRACT]

How will coral reef fish communities respond to climate-driven disturbances? Insight from landscape-scale perturbations [ABSTRACT]

The dynamics of architectural complexity on coral reefs under climate change [ABSTRACT]

Change in algal symbiont communities after bleaching, not prior heat exposure, increases heat tolerance of reef corals [ABSTRACT]

Diverse coral communities in mangrove habitats suggest a novel refuge from climate change (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Narratives Can Motivate Environmental Action: The Whiskey Creek Ocean Acidification Story [ABSTRACT]

Odor tracking in sharks is reduced under future ocean acidification conditions [ABSTRACT]

Low calcium carbonate saturation state in an Arctic inland sea having large and varying fluvial inputs: The Hudson Bay system [ABSTRACT]

Recent variability of the global ocean carbon sink [ABSTRACT]

Detecting the anthropogenic influences on recent changes in ocean carbon uptake [ABSTRACT]

Southern Ocean CO2 sink: The contribution of the sea ice [ABSTRACT]

Temperature dependence of planktonic metabolism in the subtropical North Atlantic Ocean (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Climate and land use interactively affect lake phytoplankton nutrient limitation status [ABSTRACT]

Detection and attribution of global mean thermosteric sea-level change [ABSTRACT]

The influence of Greenland ice sheet melting on the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation during past and future warm periods: a model study [ABSTRACT]

Linear Weakening of the AMOC in response to Receding Glacial Ice Sheets in CCSM3 [ABSTRACT]

Deep Ocean Early Warning Signals of an Atlantic MOC Collapse [ABSTRACT]

Impact of a 30% reduction in Atlantic meridional overturning during 2009–2010 (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Historical analogues of the recent extreme minima observed in the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation at 26°N [ABSTRACT]

On the reduced sensitivity of the Atlantic overturning to Greenland ice sheet melting in projections: a multi-model assessment [ABSTRACT]

Integrated assessment of global water scarcity over the 21st century under multiple climate change mitigation policies (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Potential hydrologic changes in the Amazon by the end of the 21st century and the groundwater buffer (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Quantitative contribution of climate change and human activities to runoff changes in the Wei River basin, China (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Intensification of future severe heat waves in India and their effect on heat stress and mortality [ABSTRACT]

Shifts in the extent and location of rice cropping areas match the climate change pattern in China during 1980–2010 [ABSTRACT]

The global spread of crop pests and pathogens (open access) [ABSTRACT]


Analysis of spatial distribution of global energy-related CO2 emissions [ABSTRACT]

The global economic long-term potential of modern biomass in a climate-constrained world (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Are biofuel concerns globally relevant? Prospects for a proposed pioneer bioethanol project in South Africa [ABSTRACT]

Sustainable energy crop production [ABSTRACT]

North–south convergence and the allocation of CO2 emissions [ABSTRACT]

Commitment accounting of CO2 emissions (open access) [ABSTRACT]

China׳s carbon mitigation strategies: Enough? [ABSTRACT]

Environmental Regulations, Producer Responses, and Secondary Benefits: Carbon Dioxide Reductions Under the Acid Rain Program [ABSTRACT]

New York City can eliminate the carbon footprint of its buildings by 2050 [ABSTRACT]

Climate change, health, and sustainable development in Africa [ABSTRACT]

Grassland farmers’ attitudes toward climate change in the North German Plain [ABSTRACT]

Public perceptions of local flood risk and the role of climate change [ABSTRACT]

Social Media and Severe Weather: Do Tweets Provide a Valid Indicator of Public Attention to Severe Weather Risk Communication? [ABSTRACT]

Overcoming skepticism with education: interacting influences of worldview and climate change knowledge on perceived climate change risk among adolescents [ABSTRACT]

Behavioural barriers in response to climate change in agricultural communities: an example from Kenya [ABSTRACT]

Timescales associated with climate change and their relevance in adaptation strategies [ABSTRACT]

Challenges for adapting Bangkok’s flood management systems to climate change [ABSTRACT]

Building ecosystem resilience for climate change adaptation in the Asian highlands [ABSTRACT]


The importance of insolation changes for paleo ice sheet modeling (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Middle Miocene climate instability associated with high amplitude CO2 variability [ABSTRACT]

The respective role of atmospheric carbon dioxide and orbital parameters on ice sheet evolution at the Eocene-Oligocene transition [ABSTRACT]

New constraints on the timing of West Antarctic Ice Sheet retreat in the eastern Amundsen Sea since the Last Glacial Maximum [ABSTRACT]

Deglacial ice sheet meltdown: orbital pacemaking and CO2 effects (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Persistent link between solar activity and Greenland climate during the Last Glacial Maximum [ABSTRACT]

Record of methane emissions from the West Svalbard continental margin during the last 23,500 years revealed by δ13C of benthic foraminifera [ABSTRACT]

A cluster of stratospheric volcanic eruptions in the AD 530 s recorded in Siberian tree rings [ABSTRACT]

Expressions of climate perturbations in western Ugandan crater lake sediment records during the last 1000 years (open access) [ABSTRACT]

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New research – July 2014

Posted by Ari Jokimäki on July 31, 2014

My New research stream in Twitter and in Facebook was on a break during July. Below are papers published during July, which would have been included to the stream. There are 186 papers, which makes it 6 papers per day.


The international surface temperature initiative global land surface databank: monthly temperature data release description and methods (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Drivers of decadal hiatus periods in the 20th and 21st Centuries [ABSTRACT]

Contributions of developed and developing countries to global climate forcing and surface temperature change (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Analysis and estimation of the effects of missing values on the calculation of monthly temperature indices [ABSTRACT]

Arctic warming in ERA-Interim and other analyses [ABSTRACT]

Observed cold season changes in a Fennoscandian fell area over the past three decades [ABSTRACT]

Radiative forcing and temperature change at Potsdam between 1893 and 2012 [ABSTRACT]

Modelling the influence of urbanization on the 20th century temperature record of weather station De Bilt (The Netherlands) [ABSTRACT]

Comparison of near–surface air temperatures and MODIS ice–surface temperatures at Summit, Greenland (2008–2013) [ABSTRACT]

U.S. daily temperatures: the meaning of extremes in the context of non-normality [ABSTRACT]

Analysis of surface air temperature warming rate of China in the last 50 years (1962–2011) using k-means clustering [ABSTRACT]

Changes in global net radiative imbalance 1985-2012 [ABSTRACT]

Upper atmosphere cooling over the past 33 years [ABSTRACT]

The downward influence of stratospheric sudden warmings [ABSTRACT]

Attributing the increase in Northern Hemisphere hot summers since the late 20th century [ABSTRACT]

Top-of-Atmosphere Radiative Contribution to Unforced Decadal Global Temperature Variability in Climate Models [ABSTRACT]

Global observations of quasi-zonal bands in microwave sea surface temperature [ABSTRACT]

Joint occurrence of daily temperature and precipitation extreme events over Canada [ABSTRACT]

Spatial and temporal changes in indices of extreme precipitation and temperature for Alaska [ABSTRACT]

Projected Changes in Temperature and Precipitation Extremes in China by the CMIP5 Multi-model Ensembles [ABSTRACT]

Observed changes in southwest monsoon rainfall over India during 1901–2011 [ABSTRACT]

Changes in extreme rainfall in the Philippines (1911–2010) linked to global mean temperature and ENSO [ABSTRACT]

Regional rainfall decline in Australia attributed to anthropogenic greenhouse gases and ozone levels [ABSTRACT]

The 30-year TAMSAT African Rainfall Climatology And Time-series (TARCAT) Dataset [ABSTRACT]

Understanding Recent Eastern Horn of Africa Rainfall Variability and Change [ABSTRACT]

Global trends and patterns of drought from space [ABSTRACT]

The impracticality of a universal drought definition [ABSTRACT]

Global meteorological drought – Part 1: Probabilistic monitoring (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Multiscale analysis of three consecutive years of anomalous flooding in Pakistan [ABSTRACT]

Assessment of Bias Assumptions for Climate Models [ABSTRACT]

Do seasonal to decadal climate predictions underestimate the predictability of the real world? [ABSTRACT]

A posteriori adjustment of near-term climate predictions: Accounting for the drift dependence on the initial conditions [ABSTRACT]

Sensitivity of simulated regional Arctic climate to the choice of coupled model domain (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Can a Climate Model Reproduce Extreme Regional Precipitation Events over England and Wales? [ABSTRACT]

Climate change hotspots over South America: from CMIP3 to CMIP5 multi-model datasets [ABSTRACT]

Climatic variations in Central America: further exploration [ABSTRACT]

Long-term variations of ultraviolet radiation in Tibetan Plateau from observation and estimation [ABSTRACT]

Generating Global LAnd Surface Satellite incident shortwave radiation and photosynthetically active radiation products from multiple satellite data [ABSTRACT]

Solar cycle dependence of middle atmosphere temperatures [ABSTRACT]

New evidence on the dimming/brightening phenomenon and decreasing diurnal temperature range in Iran (1961–2009) [ABSTRACT]

Cloud radiative forcing intercomparison between fully coupled CMIP5 models and CERES satellite data (open access) [ABSTRACT]

The diurnal cycle of marine cloud feedback in climate models [ABSTRACT]

Changes in atmospheric aerosol loading retrieved from space-based measurements during the past decade (open access) [ABSTRACT]

The complex response of Arctic aerosol to sea-ice retreat (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Contribution of anthropogenic sulfate aerosols to the changing Euro-Mediterranean climate since 1980 [ABSTRACT]

Aerosol radiative forcing from the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic eruptions [ABSTRACT]

Trends in stratospheric ozone derived from merged SAGE II and Odin-OSIRIS satellite observations (open access) [ABSTRACT]

The surface impacts of Arctic stratospheric ozone anomalies (open access) [ABSTRACT]

An analysis of aeolian dust in climate models [ABSTRACT]

Effects of biomass burning on climate, accounting for heat and moisture fluxes, black and brown carbon, and cloud absorption effects [ABSTRACT]

A mechanism for future changes in Hadley circulation strength in CMIP5 climate change simulations [ABSTRACT]

Role of changes in mean temperatures vs. temperature gradients in the recent widening of the Hadley circulation [ABSTRACT]

Role of Climate Feedback in El Niño-like SST Response to Global Warming [ABSTRACT]

Role of the western tropical Pacific in the North Pacific regime shift in the winter of 1998/1999 [ABSTRACT]

The anomalous merging of the African and North Atlantic jet streams during Northern Hemisphere winter of 2010 [ABSTRACT]

Poleward shift in Indian summer monsoon low level jetstream under global warming [ABSTRACT]

Robust Forced Response in South Asian Summer Monsoon in a Future Climate [ABSTRACT]

An in situ-satellite blended analysis of global sea surface salinity [ABSTRACT]

Urban climatology: History, status and prospects [ABSTRACT]

Climatology for city planning in historical perspective (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Surfing wave climate variability [ABSTRACT]


The pattern of anthropogenic signal emergence in Greenland Ice Sheet surface mass balance [ABSTRACT]

Sustained seismic tremors and icequakes detected in the ablation zone of the Greenland ice sheet [ABSTRACT]

MODIS observed increase in duration and spatial extent of sediment plumes in Greenland fjords (open access) [ABSTRACT]

High-resolution modelling of the seasonal evolution of surface water storage on the Greenland Ice Sheet (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Interannual changes of the floating ice shelf of Petermann Gletscher, North Greenland, from 2000 to 2012 (open access) [ABSTRACT]

GOCE’s view below the ice of Antarctica: Satellite gravimetry confirms improvements in Bedmap2 bedrock knowledge [ABSTRACT]

A high-resolution bedrock map for the Antarctic Peninsula (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Tidal modulation of ice-shelf flow: a viscous model of the Ross Ice Shelf [ABSTRACT]

Constraining past accumulation in the central Pine Island Glacier basin, West Antarctica, using radio-echo sounding [ABSTRACT]

Basal terraces on melting ice shelves [ABSTRACT]

The Randolph Glacier Inventory: a globally complete inventory of glaciers (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Recent changes of two selected glaciers in Hami Prefecture of eastern Xinjiang and their impact on water resources [ABSTRACT]

Franz Josef and Fox Glaciers, New Zealand: Historic length records [ABSTRACT]

Climatic sensitivity of the non-glaciated mountains cryosphere (Tatra Mts., Poland and Slovakia) [ABSTRACT]

The importance of spring atmospheric conditions for predictions of the Arctic summer sea-ice extent [ABSTRACT]

Importance of initial conditions in seasonal predictions of Arctic sea ice extent [ABSTRACT]

Modeled Arctic sea ice evolution through 2300 in CMIP5 extended RCPs (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Recent sea ice increase and temperature decrease in the Bering Sea area, Alaska (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Sea ice climatology in the Canadian Western Arctic: thermodynamic versus dynamic controls [ABSTRACT]

Is weaker Arctic sea ice changing the Atlantic water circulation? [ABSTRACT]

The influence of the large scale atmospheric circulation on Antarctic sea ice during ice advance and retreat seasons [ABSTRACT]

Variability of sea-ice in the northern Weddell Sea during the 20th century [ABSTRACT]

Changes in ice phenology characteristics of two Central European steppe lakes from 1926 to 2012 – influences of local weather and large scale oscillation patterns [ABSTRACT]

A record-breaking low ice cover over the Great Lakes during winter 2011/2012: combined effects of a strong positive NAO and La Niña [ABSTRACT]

The temporal and spatial variability in submeter scale surface roughness of seasonal snow in Sodankylä Finnish Lapland in 2009-2010 [ABSTRACT]

Radiocarbon age-offsets in an arctic lake reveal the long-term response of permafrost carbon to climate change [ABSTRACT]

Differential response of carbon fluxes to climate in three peatland ecosystems that vary in the presence and stability of permafrost [ABSTRACT]

Multiple time scale characteristics of permafrost temperature variations along the Qinghai–Xizang Highway [ABSTRACT]

Increasing Summer Drying in North American Ecosystems in Response to Longer Non-frozen Periods [ABSTRACT]

Species distributions shift downward across western North America [ABSTRACT]

Treeline dynamics with climate change at the central Nepal Himalaya (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Northward migration under a changing climate: a case study of blackgum (Nyssa sylvatica) [ABSTRACT]

Tree leaf out response to temperature: comparing field observations, remote sensing, and a warming experiment [ABSTRACT]

Climate change effect on Betula (birch) and Quercus (oak) pollen seasons in the United States [ABSTRACT]

Fifteen-year phenological plant species and meteorological trends in central Italy [ABSTRACT]

Responses of alpine grassland on Qinghai–Tibetan plateau to climate warming and permafrost degradation: a modeling perspective (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Applying a framework for landscape planning under climate change for the conservation of biodiversity in the Finnish boreal forest [ABSTRACT]

CO2-Induced Sahel Greening in Three CMIP5 Earth System Models [ABSTRACT]

Phenology and its role in carbon dioxide exchange processes in northern peatlands [ABSTRACT]

Does the temporal mismatch hypothesis match in boreal populations? [ABSTRACT]

Phenological differences among selected residents and long-distance migrant bird species in central Europe [ABSTRACT]

The effects of changing climate on faunal depth distributions determine winners and losers (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Sap-feeding insects on forest trees along latitudinal gradients in northern Europe: a climate-driven patterns [ABSTRACT]

Climatic niche shifts between species’ native and naturalized ranges raise concern for ecological forecasts during invasions and climate change [ABSTRACT]

Multidecadal time series of satellite-detected accumulations of cyanobacteria in the Baltic Sea (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Effects of climate variability and climate change on the fishing conditions for grey mullet (Mugil cephalus L.) in the Taiwan Strait (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Clues from the recent past to assess recruitment of Mediterranean small pelagic fishes under sea warming scenarios [ABSTRACT]

Spatial and body-size dependent response of marine pelagic communities to projected global climate change [ABSTRACT]

Early development of congeneric sea urchins (Heliocidaris) with contrasting life history modes in a warming and high CO2 ocean [ABSTRACT]

Time of emergence of trends in ocean biogeochemistry (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Variability of oceanic carbon cycle in the North Pacific from seasonal to decadal scales [ABSTRACT]

Ecosystem function and services provided by the deep sea (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Quantifying the impact of ocean acidification on our future climate (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Scaling up experimental ocean acidification and warming research: from individuals to the ecosystem [ABSTRACT]

Enhanced acidification of global coral reefs driven by regional biogeochemical feedbacks [ABSTRACT]

Relationships between the history of thermal stress and the relative risk of diseases of Caribbean corals [ABSTRACT]

The cumulative impact of annual coral bleaching can turn some coral species winners into losers [ABSTRACT]

Accelerated flooding along the U. S. East Coast: On the impact of sea level rise, tides, storms, the Gulf Stream and NAO (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Sea-level anomalies exacerbate beach erosion [ABSTRACT]

Evidence for long-term memory in sea level [ABSTRACT]

Long-term sea level trends: natural or anthropogenic? [ABSTRACT]

Time and tide: analysis of sea level time series [ABSTRACT]

Assessing the uncertainty in projecting local mean sea level from global temperature [ABSTRACT]

Sea level extremes in the Caribbean Sea [ABSTRACT]

Forecast cooling of the Atlantic subpolar gyre and associated impacts [ABSTRACT]

Increasing Mississippi river discharge throughout the 21st century influenced by changes in climate, land use, and atmospheric CO2 [ABSTRACT]

Climate change impacts on wildfires in a Mediterranean environment [ABSTRACT]

Consequence of altered nitrogen cycles in the coupled human and ecological system under changing climate: The need for long-term and site-based research [ABSTRACT]

Getting caught with our plants down: the risks of a global crop yield slowdown from climate trends in the next two decades (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Temporal-spatial characteristics of severe drought events and their impact on agriculture on a global scale [ABSTRACT]

Maize growing duration was prolonged across China in the past three decades under the combined effects of temperature, agronomic management and cultivar shift [ABSTRACT]

Reductions in India’s crop yield due to ozone [ABSTRACT]

Winter crop sensitivity to inter-annual climate variability in central India [ABSTRACT]

Integrated assessment of China’s agricultural vulnerability to climate change: a multi-indicator approach [ABSTRACT]

On the relation between weather-related disaster impacts, vulnerability and climate change (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Spatio-temporal modelling of heat stress and climate change implications for the Murray dairy region, Australia [ABSTRACT]

Does diurnal temperature range influence seasonal suicide mortality? Assessment of daily data of the Helsinki metropolitan area from 1973 to 2010 [ABSTRACT]

Shifts in the seasonal distribution of deaths in Australia, 1968–2007 [ABSTRACT]


A new evaluation of the uncertainty associated with CDIAC estimates of fossil fuel carbon dioxide emission (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Current systematic carbon-cycle observations and the need for implementing a policy-relevant carbon observing system (open access) [ABSTRACT]

The declining uptake rate of atmospheric CO2 by land and ocean sinks (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Data-driven diagnostics of terrestrial carbon dynamics over North America [ABSTRACT]

Quantifying the biophysical climate change mitigation potential of Canada’s forest sector (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Considerable methane uptake by alpine grasslands despite the cold climate: In situ measurements on the central Tibetan Plateau, 2008–2013 [ABSTRACT]

Can a bog drained for forestry be a stronger carbon sink than a natural bog forest? (open access) [ABSTRACT]

History of land use in India during 1880–2010: Large-scale land transformations reconstructed from satellite data and historical archives (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Synthesis and Review: Advancing agricultural greenhouse gas quantification (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Global and regional trends in greenhouse gas emissions from livestock [ABSTRACT]

Greenhouse gas emissions from dairy manure management: a review of field-based studies [ABSTRACT]

A bibliometric investigation of life cycle assessment research in the web of science databases [ABSTRACT]

Life cycle carbon footprint of the packaging and transport of New Zealand kiwifruit [ABSTRACT]

How to quantify uncertainty and variability in life cycle assessment: the case of greenhouse gas emissions of gas power generation in the US [ABSTRACT]

New perspectives on nuclear power—Generation IV nuclear energy systems to strengthen nuclear non-proliferation and support nuclear disarmament [ABSTRACT]

The global technical potential of bio-energy in 2050 considering sustainability constraints (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Where, when and how much wind is available? A provincial-scale wind resource assessment for China [ABSTRACT]

Market risk in carbon market: an empirical analysis of the EUA and sCER [ABSTRACT]

‘Maintaining planetary systems’ or ‘concentrating global power?’ High stakes in contending framings of climate geoengineering [ABSTRACT]

A multi-model assessment of regional climate disparities caused by solar geoengineering (open access) [ABSTRACT]

The politics of Amazonian deforestation: environmental policy and climate change knowledge [ABSTRACT]

Do weather fluctuations cause people to seek information about climate change? [ABSTRACT]

Should the moral core of climate issues be emphasized or downplayed in public discourse? Three ways to successfully manage the double-edged sword of moral communication [ABSTRACT]

Public views on the dangers and importance of climate change: predicting climate change beliefs in the United States through income moderated by party identification [ABSTRACT]

How to communicate the scientific consensus on climate change: plain facts, pie charts or metaphors? [ABSTRACT]

The IPCC and treatment of uncertainties: topics and sources of dissensus [ABSTRACT]

The role of social norms on preferences towards climate change policies: A meta-analysis [ABSTRACT]

Motivating mitigation: when health matters more than climate change (open access) [ABSTRACT]

The effect of health benefits on climate change mitigation policies [ABSTRACT]

The Cultural Theory of Risk for Climate Change Adaptation [ABSTRACT]

Climate change adaptation strategies for smallholder farmers in the Brazilian Sertão (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Climate change impacts and adaptation in South Africa (open access) [ABSTRACT]


Andean elevation control on tropical Pacific climate and ENSO [ABSTRACT]

Recent Ice Ages on Mars: The Role of Radiatively Active Clouds and Cloud Microphysics [ABSTRACT]

Earliest Holocene south Greenland ice-sheet retreat within its late-Holocene extent [ABSTRACT]

Radiocarbon dating of glacial dust layers and soils at Kilimanjaro’s Northern Ice Field [ABSTRACT]

Simulating last interglacial climate with NorESM: role of insolation and greenhouse gases in the timing of peak warmth (open access) [ABSTRACT]

February–June temperature variability in western Himalaya, India, since AD 1455 [ABSTRACT]

A quantitative midge-based reconstruction of mean July air temperature from a high-elevation site in central Colorado, USA, for MIS 6 and 5 [ABSTRACT]

John Hardcastle looks at the Timaru loess: Climatic signals are observed, and fragipans [ABSTRACT]

Relative sea-level changes in the Basque coast (northern Spain, Bay of Biscay) during the Holocene and Anthropocene: The Urdaibai estuary case [ABSTRACT]

A 2000-yr reconstruction of air temperature in the Great Basin of the United States with specific reference to the Medieval Climatic Anomaly [ABSTRACT]

The Rautuvaara section, western Finnish Lapland, revisited – new age constraints indicate a complex Scandinavian Ice Sheet history in northern Fennoscandia during the Weichselian Stage [ABSTRACT]

Straight lines or eccentric eggs? A comparison of radial and spatial ring width measurements and its implications for climate transfer functions [ABSTRACT]

Modelling the evolution of the Antarctic ice sheet since the last interglacial (open access) [ABSTRACT]

Summer air temperaturea, reconstructions from the last glacial stage based on rodents from the site Taillis-des-Coteaux (Vienne), Western France [ABSTRACT]


Is there an isotopic signature of the Anthropocene? [ABSTRACT]

Posted in Climate science | 2 Comments »

Climate related papers of Guy Stewart Callendar (1898-1964)

Posted by Ari Jokimäki on July 26, 2014

Guy Stewart Callendar (1898-1964) is well-known to followers of climate science. As an introdution to his work, well worth a read is the paper “On increasing global temperatures: 75 years after Callendar” by Ed Hawkins and Phil Jones (2013). I have created a list of Callendar’s papers relating to climate (including abstracts and links to journal pages and full texts where available):

Callendar, G. S. (1938), An attempt to frame a working hypothesis on the cause of the glacial periods on an atmospheric basis, Journal of Geology 64: 223-40.

Callendar, G. S. (1938), The artificial production of carbon dioxide and its influence on temperature. Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc., 64: 223–240. doi: 10.1002/qj.49706427503. [abstract, full text]
“By fuel combustion man has added about 150,000 million tons of carbon dioxide to the air during the past half century. The author estimates from the best available data that approximately three quarters of this has remained in the atmosphere.

The radiation absorption coefficients of carbon dioxide and water vapour are used to show the effect of carbon dioxide on “sky radiation.” From this the increase in mean temperature, due to the artificial production of carbon dioxide, is estimated to be at the rate of 0.003°C. per year at the present time.

The temperature observations a t zoo meteorological stations are used to show that world temperatures have actually increased at an average rate of 0.005°C. per year during the past half century.”

Callendar, G. S. (1939), The Composition of the Atmosphere through the Ages, Meteorological Magazine, 74, 33–39.

Callendar, G. S. (1940), Variations of the amount of carbon dioxide in different air currents. Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc., 66: 395–400. doi: 10.1002/qj.49706628705. [abstract]
“The first measurements to determine the composition of the atmosphere were made at least 180 years ago, but chemists worked more than a century before they obtained really accurate values for the amount of carbon dioxide in the air.

In the following: a brief review is given of the present state of knowledge concerning the variations of atmospheric carbon dioxide, together with some observations which appear to show that the amount of this gas in the air has increased of late years.”

Callendar, G. S. (1941), Infra-red absorption by carbon dioxide, with special reference to atmospheric radiation. Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc., 67: 263–275. doi: 10.1002/qj.49706729105. [abstract]
“Recent additions to our knowledge of the structure of the water vapour spectrum (Elsasser 1940), and the atmospheric transmission of infra-red radiation (Adel 1939), have tended to emphasise the importance of atmospheric radiation as a fundamental factor in meteorological processes.

Normally the greater part of this radiation comes from the large quantities of water vapour present in the air, but there are certain important regions of the atmosphere where the amount of water vapour is extremely small and where a large part of the radiation comes from the carbon dioxide always present.

It is probable that measurements of carbon dioxide absorption and radiation have been more numerous and extensive than for most other gases, but these observational data are scattered through the scientific literature of many decades and in several languages; also they are usually presented in a form which cannot be applied to atmospheric conditions and which requires much coordination and simplification before it can be used for the calculation of energy exchanges. In the following pages these measurements are reviewed and the different sets of observations are compared with the aid of a simple function which will give the absorption by any quantity of CO2 in the different wave bands.”

Callendar, G. S. (1942), Air temperature and the growth of glaciers. Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc., 68: 57–60. doi: 10.1002/qj.49706829307. [abstract] (only first page preview available)

G B B M Sutherland and G S Callendar (1942), The infra-red spectra of atmospheric gases other than water vapour, Rep. Prog. Phys. 9 18 doi:10.1088/0034-4885/9/1/304. [abstract] (no abstract available)

Callendar, G. S. (1944), Variations of winter temperature during eight centuries. Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc., 70: 221–224. doi: 10.1002/qj.49607030510. [abstract] (only first page preview available)

Callendar, G. S. (1944), Glacial fluctuations. Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc., 70: 231–232. doi: 10.1002/qj.49707030515. [abstract] (no abstract available)

Callendar, G. S. (1947), The Climate of Netherlands. Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc..

Callendar, G. S. (1948), Atmospheric Radiation. Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc., 74: 81–82. doi: 10.1002/qj.49707431914. [abstract] (no abstract available)

Callendar, G. S. (1949), Can Carbon Dioxide Influence Climate?. Weather, 4: 310–314. doi: 10.1002/j.1477-8696.1949.tb00952.x. [abstract] (only first page preview available)

Callendar, G. S. (1950), Note on the relation between the height of the firn line and the dimensions of a glacier. Journal of Glaciology, 1, 8, 459-461. [full text]

Callendar, G. S. (1951), The effect of the altitude of the firn area on a glacier’s response to temperature variations. Journal of Glaciology, 1, 10, 573-576. [abstract] (no abstract available)

Callendar, G. S. (1952), Air temperature and solar radiation. Journal of Glaciology, 2, 11, 69. [abstract] (no abstract available)

Callendar, G. S. (1952), The Greenwich temperature record. Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc., 78: 265–266. doi: 10.1002/qj.49707833614. [abstract] (no abstract available)

Callendar, G. S. (1955), A close parallel between temperature fluctuations in east Canada and Britain. Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc., 81: 98–99. doi: 10.1002/qj.49708134714. [abstract] (no abstract available)

Callendar, G. S. (1957), The Effect of Fuel Combustion on the Amount of Carbon Dioxide in the Atmosphere. Tellus, 9: 421–422. doi: 10.1111/j.2153-3490.1957.tb01899.x. [abstract, full text]

Callendar, G. S. (1958), On the present climatic fluctuation, Meteorol. Mag. 87: 204-07.

Callendar, G. S. (1958), On the Amount of Carbon Dioxide in the Atmosphere. Tellus, 10: 243–248. doi: 10.1111/j.2153-3490.1958.tb02009.x. [abstract, full text]
“Of late years there has been much interest in the effect of human activities on the natural circulation of carbon. This demands a knowledge of the amount of CO2 in atmosphere both now and in the immediate past. Here the average amount obtained by 30 of the most extensive series of observations between 1866 and 1956 is presented, and the reliability of the 19th century measurements discussed. A base value of 290 p.p.m. is proposed for the year 1900. Since then the observations show a rising trend which is similar in amount to the addition from fuel combustion. This result is not in accordance with recent radio carbon data, but the reasons for the discrepancy are obscure, and it is concluded that much further observational data is required to clarify this problem. Some old values, showing a remarkable fall of CO2 in high southern latitudes, are assembled for comparison with the anticipated new measurements, to be taken in this zone during the Geophysical Year.”

Callendar, G. S. (1961), Temperature fluctuations and trends over the earth. Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc., 87: 1–12. doi: 10.1002/qj.49708737102. [abstract]
“The annual temperature deviations at over 400 meteorological stations are combined on a regional basis to give the integrated fluctuations over large areas and zones. These are shown in graphical form, and it is concluded that a solar or atmospheric dust hypothesis is necessary to explain the world-wide fluctuations of a few years duration. An important change in the relationships of the zonal fluctuations has occurred since 1920. The overall temperature trends found from the data are considered in relation to the homogeneity of recording, and also to the evidence of glacial recession in different zones. It is concluded that the rising trend, shown by the instruments during recent decades, is significant from the Arctic to about 45°S lat., but quite small in most regions below 35°N. and not yet apparent in some. It is thought that the regional and zonal distribution of recent climatic trends is incompatible with the hypothesis of increased solar heating as the cause. On the other hand, the major features of this distribution are not incompatible with the hypothesis of increased carbon dioxide radiation, if the rate of atmospheric mixing between the hemispheres is a matter of decades rather than years.”

Landsberg, H. E., Mitchell, J. M. and Callendar, G. S. (1961), Temperature fluctuations and trends over the earth. Q.J.R. Meteorol. Soc., 87: 435–437. doi: 10.1002/qj.49708737316. [abstract] (no abstract available – this might be a comment from Landsberg & Mitchell and a reply from Callendar relating to his previous paper)

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